CN104987191A - Sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104987191A
CN104987191A CN201510337682.XA CN201510337682A CN104987191A CN 104987191 A CN104987191 A CN 104987191A CN 201510337682 A CN201510337682 A CN 201510337682A CN 104987191 A CN104987191 A CN 104987191A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
corn
slowly
releasing
deg
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510337682.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙宏州
Original Assignee
明光市数智肥业有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 明光市数智肥业有限公司 filed Critical 明光市数智肥业有限公司
Priority to CN201510337682.XA priority Critical patent/CN104987191A/en
Publication of CN104987191A publication Critical patent/CN104987191A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn. The fertilizer synergist is composed of, by weight, 2-4 parts of copper slags, 2-3 parts of manganese sulfate, 9-13 parts of monoammonium phosphate, 13-15 parts of rice bran, 27-33 parts of bean pulp, 16-18 parts of egg white liquid, 14-18 parts of fish scale powder, 2-4 parts of slow-release microbial zones, 4-5 parts of slow-release microelement chelation layers, 6-9 parts of slow-release sitallization powdered rock phosphate coating layers and a defined amount of water. According to the fertilizer synergist used for the corn, the transformation and transport of carbohydrate and synthesis of starch in the corn can be promoted, under the cooperation of the adding of a large amount of organic materials in the synergist and the utilization of fertilizer, the purpose of combining quick available nutrient and potentially available nutrient in the growing period of the corn can be achieved, the requirements of rapid growth in the seedling stage of the corn can be satisfied, a foundation of big granule and high yield is established, and the yield is improved.

Description

Sufficient slow release fertilizer synergistic agent and preparation method thereof supported by a kind of corn

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fertilizer synergist technical field, particularly sufficient slow release fertilizer synergistic agent and preparation method thereof supported by a kind of corn.

Background technology

Corn is a kind of important cash crop of China, and the output of the input of fertilizer to corn serves vital effect, but in the actual planting process of corn, long-term existence the problem of apply fertilizer single and excessive fertilization, the average utilization of fertilizer is very low, and its major cause is the quick-acting of fertilizer and volatile fugitive volatile.The measure that correspondence is taked is then use release-controlled coated fertilizer to improve the utilization ratio of nutrient, but individual layer bag film strength is low, and slowly-releasing nutrients ratio is fixed, and without specific aim, does not meet the development that the demand etc. of crop different times to nutrient constrains self.

Current inventor provides the fertilizer synergist that a kind of corn planting uses for this reason, coated by different three layers of slow release layer, the corresponding seedling stage of corn growth, vegetative period and three periods of ripening stage, collocation common fertilizer uses the regulation of fertilizer requirement that fully can meet corn, not only improve the utilising efficiency of fertilizer, reach fertilizer and need fertile balance, improveing the physico-chemical property of planting soil, for the stable high yield of corn provides sound assurance simultaneously.

Summary of the invention

The present invention compensate for the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of corn to support sufficient slow release fertilizer synergistic agent and preparation method thereof.

Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:

Fertilizer of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight part: Copper Slag 2-4, manganous sulfate 2-3, monoammonium phosphate 9-13, rice bran 13-15, dregs of beans 27-33, egg white solution 16-18, pearl white 14-18, slowly-releasing microbial layer 2-4, slowly releasing trace element chelating layer 4-5, slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer 6-9, water are appropriate;

Described slowly-releasing microbial layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: EM microbiobacterial agent 5-7, diatomite 45-55, syrup 120-140; Its preparation method adds in syrup by EM complex micro organism fungicide, stir microorganism suspension is for subsequent use, diatomite sulphuric acid soln is soaked 60 minutes after washings to neutral, oven dry toasts 2-3 hour under being placed on 400-500 DEG C of environment, taking-up is worn into fine powder after being cooled to room temperature and is joined in microorganism suspension, stir 20-30 minute, leach fine particle, at 30-40 DEG C, use gas blower air-dry.

Described slowly releasing trace element chelating layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: attapulgite 24-26, discarded animal skin 16-18, ferrous sulfate 4-7, zinc sulfate 3-5; Its preparation method to calcine 2 hours at attapulgite is placed in 600-800 DEG C and to wear into fine powder for subsequent use, discarded animal skin is joined in 6-8mol/L hydrochloric acid and is hydrolyzed 18-24 hour, adding lime slurry neutralization again to PH7 filters, and adds ferrous sulfate, be heated to 40-60 DEG C in filtrate, chelating 1-2 hour, add zinc sulfate again, chelating 1.5-3 hour at 50-80 DEG C, attapulgite fine powder is joined in gained chelating liquid, drying is also pulverized, and obtains composite chelate powder.

Described slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: ground phosphate rock 28-32, cow glue 8-10, water are appropriate; Its preparation method is adopted by ground phosphate rock vibration mill micronization to obtain micritization ground phosphate rock, then cow glue and micritization ground phosphate rock jointly to be dropped into etc. in quality water, soaks after 8-10 hour and mixed system is heated to 70-80 DEG C, stir.

The concrete steps of the preparation of described fertilizer synergist are as follows:

(1) rice bran, dregs of beans, egg white solution mixed and are placed in compost pond, adding a small amount of water secondary fermentation 23-25 days, after gained tunning is dried pulverizing, granulation is for subsequent use;

(2) heating of slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer is dissolved rear even application in step one gained particle exterior surface, form the internal layer of synergistic agent;

(3) by levigate after monoammonium phosphate and pearl white mixing, add after a small amount of water with step 2 gained particle mix and blend, drop in whizzer centrifugal 20 minutes with 80-120 rev/min again, slowly releasing trace element chelating layer is added again in whizzer, with 200 revs/min of centrifugal 10-12 minute, to form the middle level of synergistic agent, taking-up particle post-drying is for subsequent use;

(4) by Copper Slag and manganous sulfate levigate after add a small amount of water even application in step 3 gained particle exterior surface, then slowly-releasing microbial layer and remaining component are mixed and add the spraying of a small amount of water and be wrapped in outside particle, form the skin of synergistic agent;

(5) air-dry with gas blower at step 4 gained particle being placed in 35-45 DEG C, weighing and bagging is placed on dry place and preserves.

The using method of synergistic agent of the present invention is be manured into soil after mixing according to the ratio of 8%-10% and common fertilizer.

Beneficial effect of the present invention:

Its adsorptive power to microorganism can be increased to diatomaceous modification in slowly-releasing microbial layer, stable in properties, extends working time simultaneously, and to soil and microorganism toxicological harmless effect, beneficial microorganism activity can improve joins nutrient availability in fertilise, increases the utilization ratio of fertilizer.

The stability of the high viscosity performance guarantee synergistic agent particle of cow glue by adding in slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer, simultaneously when after the outer composition of layer release of synergistic agent, internal layer is met water and can progressively be decomposed, and improve sustained release performance, and the interpolation of micritization ground phosphate rock can to the NH of internal layer 4 +-N plays good slow releasing function, for the heavy demand of corn ripening stage to nutrient provides support.

Corn fertilizer synergist of the present invention can promote the synthesis of the conversion of carbohydrate in Corn, transport and starch, in synergistic agent, a large amount of organic interpolation coordinates the use of fertilizer, the quick-acting object combined with slow nutrient during reaching corn growth, both can meet needed for Maize at Seedling Stage grows fast, also the large high yield of grain that can be the ripening stage lays the foundation, increase yield.

Specific embodiments

Below in conjunction with following embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:

The raw material taking following weight (kg) is made: Copper Slag 3, manganous sulfate 2, monoammonium phosphate 11, rice bran 14, dregs of beans 30, egg white solution 17, pearl white 16, slowly-releasing microbial layer 3, slowly releasing trace element chelating layer 4, slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer 8, water are appropriate;

Described slowly-releasing microbial layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: EM microbiobacterial agent 6, diatomite 50, syrup 130; Its preparation method adds in syrup by EM complex micro organism fungicide, stir microorganism suspension is for subsequent use, diatomite sulphuric acid soln is soaked 60 minutes after washings to neutral, oven dry is toasted 3 hours under being placed on 450 DEG C of environment, taking-up is worn into fine powder after being cooled to room temperature and is joined in microorganism suspension, stir 30 minutes, leach fine particle, at 35 DEG C, use gas blower air-dry.

Described slowly releasing trace element chelating layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: attapulgite 25, discarded animal skin 17, ferrous sulfate 6, zinc sulfate 4; Its preparation method to calcine 2 hours at attapulgite is placed in 700 DEG C and to wear into fine powder for subsequent use, discarded animal skin is joined in 7mol/L hydrochloric acid and be hydrolyzed 20 hours, adding lime slurry neutralization again to PH7 filters, and adds ferrous sulfate, be heated to 50 DEG C in filtrate, chelating 2 hours, add zinc sulfate again, chelating 2.5 hours at 70 DEG C, attapulgite fine powder is joined in gained chelating liquid, drying is also pulverized, and obtains composite chelate powder.

Described slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: ground phosphate rock 30, cow glue 9, water are appropriate; Its preparation method is adopted by ground phosphate rock vibration mill micronization to obtain micritization ground phosphate rock, then cow glue and micritization ground phosphate rock jointly to be dropped into etc. in quality water, soaks after 10 hours and mixed system is heated to 80 DEG C, stir.

The concrete steps of the preparation of described fertilizer synergist are as follows:

(1) rice bran, dregs of beans, egg white solution mixed and are placed in compost pond, adding a small amount of water secondary fermentation 24 days, after gained tunning is dried pulverizing, granulation is for subsequent use;

(2) heating of slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer is dissolved rear even application in step one gained particle exterior surface, form the internal layer of synergistic agent;

(3) by levigate after monoammonium phosphate and pearl white mixing, add after a small amount of water with step 2 gained particle mix and blend, drop in whizzer centrifugal 20 minutes with 100 revs/min again, slowly releasing trace element chelating layer is added again in whizzer, centrifugal 11 minutes with 200 revs/min, to form the middle level of synergistic agent, taking-up particle post-drying is for subsequent use;

(4) by Copper Slag and manganous sulfate levigate after add a small amount of water even application in step 3 gained particle exterior surface, then slowly-releasing microbial layer and remaining component are mixed and add the spraying of a small amount of water and be wrapped in outside particle, form the skin of synergistic agent;

(5) air-dry with gas blower at step 4 gained particle being placed in 40 DEG C, weighing and bagging is placed on dry place and preserves.

In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, contriver have chosen one piece of experimental plot maize planting, be divided into 2 parts of equal areas, and apply the corn special-purpose fertilizer of equivalent simultaneously, portion applies fertilizer synergist of the present invention in proportion as experimental group wherein again, another part as a control group, after seeding corn, plantation 90 days after, plantation 180 days after get the mensuration that two groups of soil carry out fertilizer efficiency respectively, measure output after harvest corn, data are as follows again:

Project Control group Experimental group Soil available nitrogen content (mg/kg) 42.88 62.39 Content of soil available phosphor (mg/kg) 73.70 113.80 Soil Available potassium content (mg/kg) 146.43 175.02 Disease incidence (%) 6.6 3.0 Corn yield (kg/ mu) 586 625

After can finding out employ corn fertilizer synergist of the present invention from above experimental data, within the corn growth stage, the average fertility of soil is all much larger than the plot being used alone fertilizer, decrease disease incidence simultaneously, finally improve corn yield, be suitable for promoting the use of of corn planting industry.

Claims (2)

1. sufficient slow release fertilizer synergistic agent supported by a corn, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: Copper Slag 2-4, manganous sulfate 2-3, monoammonium phosphate 9-13, rice bran 13-15, dregs of beans 27-33, egg white solution 16-18, pearl white 14-18, slowly-releasing microbial layer 2-4, slowly releasing trace element chelating layer 4-5, slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer 6-9, water are appropriate;
Described slowly-releasing microbial layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: EM microbiobacterial agent 5-7, diatomite 45-55, syrup 120-140; Its preparation method adds in syrup by EM complex micro organism fungicide, stir microorganism suspension is for subsequent use, diatomite sulphuric acid soln is soaked 60 minutes after washings to neutral, oven dry toasts 2-3 hour under being placed on 400-500 DEG C of environment, taking-up is worn into fine powder after being cooled to room temperature and is joined in microorganism suspension, stir 20-30 minute, leach fine particle, at 30-40 DEG C, use gas blower air-dry;
Described slowly releasing trace element chelating layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: attapulgite 24-26, discarded animal skin 16-18, ferrous sulfate 4-7, zinc sulfate 3-5; Its preparation method to calcine 2 hours at attapulgite is placed in 600-800 DEG C and to wear into fine powder for subsequent use, discarded animal skin is joined in 6-8mol/L hydrochloric acid and is hydrolyzed 18-24 hour, adding lime slurry neutralization again to PH7 filters, and adds ferrous sulfate, be heated to 40-60 DEG C in filtrate, chelating 1-2 hour, add zinc sulfate again, chelating 1.5-3 hour at 50-80 DEG C, attapulgite fine powder is joined in gained chelating liquid, drying is also pulverized, and obtains composite chelate powder;
Described slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer is made up of the raw material of following weight part: ground phosphate rock 28-32, cow glue 8-10, water are appropriate; Its preparation method is adopted by ground phosphate rock vibration mill micronization to obtain micritization ground phosphate rock, then cow glue and micritization ground phosphate rock jointly to be dropped into etc. in quality water, soaks after 8-10 hour and mixed system is heated to 70-80 DEG C, stir.
2. sufficient slow release fertilizer synergistic agent supported by the corn according to claims 1, and it is characterized in that, the concrete steps of preparation method are as follows:
(1) rice bran, dregs of beans, egg white solution mixed and are placed in compost pond, adding a small amount of water secondary fermentation 23-25 days, after gained tunning is dried pulverizing, granulation is for subsequent use;
(2) heating of slowly-releasing micritization ground phosphate rock coating layer is dissolved rear even application in step one gained particle exterior surface, form the internal layer of synergistic agent;
(3) by levigate after monoammonium phosphate and pearl white mixing, add after a small amount of water with step 2 gained particle mix and blend, drop in whizzer centrifugal 20 minutes with 80-120 rev/min again, slowly releasing trace element chelating layer is added again in whizzer, with 200 revs/min of centrifugal 10-12 minute, to form the middle level of synergistic agent, taking-up particle post-drying is for subsequent use;
(4) by Copper Slag and manganous sulfate levigate after add a small amount of water even application in step 3 gained particle exterior surface, then slowly-releasing microbial layer and remaining component are mixed and add the spraying of a small amount of water and be wrapped in outside particle, form the skin of synergistic agent;
(5) air-dry with gas blower at step 4 gained particle being placed in 35-45 DEG C, weighing and bagging is placed on dry place and preserves.
CN201510337682.XA 2015-06-17 2015-06-17 Sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn and preparation method thereof CN104987191A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510337682.XA CN104987191A (en) 2015-06-17 2015-06-17 Sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510337682.XA CN104987191A (en) 2015-06-17 2015-06-17 Sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104987191A true CN104987191A (en) 2015-10-21

Family

ID=54299115

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510337682.XA CN104987191A (en) 2015-06-17 2015-06-17 Sufficient-nutrition-supply slow-release fertilizer synergist used for corn and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104987191A (en)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515945A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-06-27 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 Algae-enhanced urea, production method thereof, and purpose thereof
CN102584477A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 贾洪涛 Slowly-releasing water conservation biological organic and inorganic compound fertilizer particles and production method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515945A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-06-27 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 Algae-enhanced urea, production method thereof, and purpose thereof
CN102584477A (en) * 2012-03-27 2012-07-18 贾洪涛 Slowly-releasing water conservation biological organic and inorganic compound fertilizer particles and production method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
尹秋英等: ""磷矿粉复合保水材料的制备及性能研究"", 《矿物岩石》 *

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103392575B (en) A kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing matrix
CN103420722B (en) Preparation method for biological organic fertilizer
CN104177139B (en) A kind of chicken manure organic fertilizer of fermentable
CN103044146B (en) Complex control type long-acting controlled-release organic and inorganic biological fertilizer
CN103214319B (en) Long-term biological slow-release fertilizer special for peanut and preparation method thereof
CN101514133B (en) An ecological BB fertilizer
CN103524252A (en) Fruit-tree-yield-increasing fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103121878B (en) Double membrane slow release fertilizer containing humic acid and preparation method thereof
CN105284513A (en) High-quality and high-yield planting method for rice
CN101255082B (en) Organic-inorganic long-acting corn special-purpose compound fertilizer
CN103980052A (en) Special fertilizer for fruit trees and preparation method thereof
CN102875202B (en) Wormcast organic mature and preparation method thereof
CN103875492B (en) A kind of organic glutinous rice implantation methods
CN104945191B (en) A kind of controlling measurements agent and preparation method for salt-soda soil
CN103497030A (en) Coprinus comatus cultivation base and preparation method thereof
CN104496630B (en) Fertilizer special for paddy rice and preparation method thereof
CN104609949A (en) Organic biochar enzyme inhibiting slow-release fertilizer and production method thereof
CN103524221B (en) Special slow control/release compound fertilizer for eggplant and preparation method thereof
CN102010258B (en) Controlled release formula fertilizer for tobacco and preparation method and application thereof
CN104261970A (en) Rapeseed cake multi-effect fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102276320B (en) Organic matrix prepared by using biomass-gasified solid products and liquid products, and preparation method thereof
CN102126877A (en) Green biological seedling raising matrix
CN102030581B (en) Novel multi-functional biological organic seed dressing agent and method for preparing same
CN103588583B (en) A kind of tea tree bio-organic fertilizer special and preparations and applicatio method thereof
CN104193523A (en) Manufacturing method of special fertilizer for promoting rooting

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination