CN104985484A - Moving column type machine tool - Google Patents

Moving column type machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104985484A
CN104985484A CN201510344216.4A CN201510344216A CN104985484A CN 104985484 A CN104985484 A CN 104985484A CN 201510344216 A CN201510344216 A CN 201510344216A CN 104985484 A CN104985484 A CN 104985484A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
transmission mechanism
chamber
wire bar
ball wire
bar pair
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510344216.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑洪建
李锦潮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FOSHAN CHUNSHANG ELECTROMECHANICAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FOSHAN CHUNSHANG ELECTROMECHANICAL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FOSHAN CHUNSHANG ELECTROMECHANICAL Co Ltd filed Critical FOSHAN CHUNSHANG ELECTROMECHANICAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510344216.4A priority Critical patent/CN104985484A/en
Publication of CN104985484A publication Critical patent/CN104985484A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/015Frames, beds, pillars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/56Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/60Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/62Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides
    • B23Q1/621Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides a single sliding pair followed perpendicularly by a single sliding pair
    • B23Q1/626Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism with perpendicular axes, e.g. cross-slides a single sliding pair followed perpendicularly by a single sliding pair followed perpendicularly by a single sliding pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools
    • B23Q3/15713Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools a transfer device taking a single tool from a storage device and inserting it in a spindle
    • B23Q3/1572Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools a transfer device taking a single tool from a storage device and inserting it in a spindle the storage device comprising rotating or circulating storing means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q37/00Metal-working machines, or constructional combinations thereof, built-up from units designed so that at least some of the units can form parts of different machines or combinations; Units therefor in so far as the feature of interchangeability is important
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw

Abstract

The invention provides a moving column type machine tool, comprising a base, support plates, uprights, spindle boxes, and three transmission mechanisms. The support plates slide on the base in a match manner, and the first transmission mechanism drives the support plates to move left and right on a first linear guide rail; the uprights slide on the support plates in a match manner and the second transmission mechanism drives the uprights to move front and back on the support plates; the spindle boxes slide on the uprights in a match manner; the third transmission mechanism drives the spindle boxes to move up and down on the uprights. The base is of an arch structure, and the arch structure comprises criss-cross arch cavities. Thus, wall thickness of the base is reduced, production cost is reduced, and a penetrativity basis is provided for artificial aging treatment of stress elimination in a casting. A plurality of tie bars interwoven into a netty structure are arranged on the bottom surface of the base, so as to improve the rigidity and stability of the machine tool. The machine tool adopts modular design, to reduce design time; production time of the casting is shortened, and cost is reduced; a reference positioning error is reduced and efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of dynamic pillar lathe
Technical field
The present invention relates to big machinery technical field of processing equipment, move pillar lathe in particular to one.
Background technology
Existing lathe, particularly greatly, microscler lathe, the overall and structure thicker of the many employings of its supporting surface.Shown in composition graphs 1 to Fig. 4, a kind of heavy duty machine tools, comprise pedestal 10 ', supporting plate 20 ', column 30 ', main spindle box 40 ', the first transmission mechanism 51 ', the second transmission mechanism 52 ', the 3rd transmission mechanism 53 '; Described pedestal 10 ' is provided with the first linear guides, described supporting plate 20 ' is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, described first transmission mechanism 51 ' connects pedestal 10 ' and supporting plate 20 ', the first transmission mechanism 51 ' drives supporting plate 20 ' to move left and right on the first linear guides; Described supporting plate 20 ' is provided with the second linear guides, described column 30 ' is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism 52 ' comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate 20 ', the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column 30 ', the second transmission mechanism 52 ' and drives column 30 ' upper movable at supporting plate 20 '; Described column 30 ' is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box 40 ' is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism 53 ' comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box 40 ', and the 3rd transmission mechanism 53 ' drive shaft case 40 ' moves up and down on column 30 '.
The structure of above-mentioned heavy duty machine tools is thick and heavy, causes cost to increase, and causes foundry goods to eliminate the difficulty of internal stress temper.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem solved by the invention: existing lathe, particularly greatly, microscler lathe, the overall and structure thicker of the many employings of its supporting surface, structure thick, heavily cause cost to increase, and cause the difficulty of foundry goods elimination internal stress temper.The invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of dynamic pillar lathe, comprises pedestal, supporting plate, column, main spindle box, the first transmission mechanism, the second transmission mechanism, the 3rd transmission mechanism;
Described pedestal is provided with the first linear guides, and described supporting plate is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, and described first transmission mechanism connects pedestal and supporting plate, and the first transmission mechanism drives supporting plate to move left and right on the first linear guides;
Described supporting plate is provided with the second linear guides, described column is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate, the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column, and the second transmission mechanism drives column movable on supporting plate;
Described column is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box, and the 3rd transmission mechanism drive shaft case moves up and down on column;
Described pedestal is domes, and described domes comprise crisscross arch chamber.
By technique scheme, the present invention quotes the arch principle of bridge mechanics, the pedestal of lathe is set to domes, particularly, lathe base supporting surface is domes, so, the wall thickness of pedestal can be reduced, reduce production cost, be the artificial aging process that foundry goods internal stress is eliminated simultaneously, provide permeability basis.
Based on technique scheme, as the present invention's further illustrating base construction, described pedestal comprises workpiece support section and upright supports portion, workpiece support section and upright supports portion are set up in parallel, workpiece support section is rectangular-shaped, offer the first longitudinal arched chamber and multiple first horizontal arch chamber in workpiece support section, the first longitudinal arched chamber is orthogonal with multiple first horizontal arch chamber.The sidewall of described workpiece support section is offered multiple second horizontal arch chamber, multiple second horizontal arch chamber is communicated with the first longitudinal arched chamber; Described upright supports portion is rectangular-shaped, offers and ranked third longitudinal arched chamber and the horizontal arch chamber of multiple row the 3rd more, ranked third longitudinal arched chamber orthogonal with the horizontal arch chamber of multiple row the 3rd more in upright supports portion; Described pedestal is offered longitudinal hole and cross through hole; The cross-sectional area of described longitudinal hole and cross through hole is circular or square.
As described above, described first longitudinal arched chamber, the first horizontal arch chamber, the second horizontal arch chamber, the 3rd longitudinal arched chamber, the 3rd horizontal arch chamber all can make that the wall thickness of pedestal reduces, weight saving, cost reduce.Meanwhile, crisscross first longitudinal arched chamber and the first horizontal arch chamber, be set up in parallel according to the order of sequence second horizontal arch chamber, the 3rd crisscross longitudinal arched chamber and the 3rd horizontal arch chamber, and the longitudinal hole that pedestal is offered and cross through hole can make the permeability of pedestal become better, be convenient to the artificial aging process that foundry goods internal stress is eliminated.Wherein, the first longitudinal arched chamber is identical with the height in the first horizontal arch chamber, and the height in the second horizontal arch chamber is a little less than the first horizontal arch chamber, and the 3rd longitudinal arched chamber is identical with the height in the 3rd horizontal arch chamber; The longitudinal hole that pedestal is offered and cross through hole can for multiple, and longitudinal hole and cross through hole can be opened in the larger-size place of base thickness, under the prerequisite ensureing base construction intensity, to alleviate the weight of pedestal further, promote the permeability of pedestal.
Based on the above-mentioned explanation for base construction, the bottom surface of described pedestal is provided with many lacing wires, and many lacing wires are woven into a network structure, and cancellated elementary cell grid assumes diamond in shape.Described network structure also can be described as tabular muscle structure, that is, many lacing wires are in the same plane, and described lacing wire also can be described as drag-line.
The present invention quotes the arch principle of bridge mechanics, and the pedestal of lathe arranges multiple crisscross all kinds of arch chambeies, to reduce wall thickness, is the artificial aging process that foundry goods internal stress is eliminated simultaneously, provides permeability basis.But the existence in arch chamber makes the rigidity of pedestal, stability shows slightly not enough.By the above-mentioned explanation for base construction, the present invention quotes the stayed structure principle of bridge mechanics, by the bottom surface of pedestal and supporting surface, connects with many lacing wires, and many lacing wires are woven into a network structure, i.e. a tabular muscle structure.So, define the effect that machine tool structure entirety is drawn mutually, thus improve rigidity and the stability of lathe.
Based on the above-mentioned explanation for base construction, described network structure is specifically arranged on the bottom surface in upright supports portion, and cancellated crosspoint is positioned at the centre in the 3rd horizontal arch chamber.Namely in network structure, the crosspoint of each lacing wire is positioned at the centre in each the 3rd horizontal arch chamber.The quantity in described 3rd horizontal arch chamber depending on the floor space of pedestal, correspondingly, the quantity of each lacing wire in network structure, and the quantity in the crosspoint of each lacing wire is also depending on the floor space of pedestal.
By the above-mentioned explanation for base construction, the arch of the present invention's application bridge mechanics, stayed structure design pedestal, on this basis, the present invention carries out modularized design to the overall structure of pedestal, be specially: described workpiece support section is made up of the workpiece support section module that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, described upright supports portion is made up of the upright supports portion module that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, the quantity of workpiece support section module equals the quantity of upright supports portion module, and workpiece support section module and upright supports portion module are laterally set up in parallel; A workpiece support section module and upright supports portion module composition modular unit, described pedestal is made up of the modular unit that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side.Preferred as one, an above-mentioned workpiece support section module comprises a first horizontal arch chamber orthogonal with the first longitudinal arched chamber; A described upright supports portion module comprises the row three horizontal arch chamber orthogonal with the 3rd longitudinal arched chamber.Wherein, described longitudinal direction is the length direction of pedestal, that is the length direction in workpiece support section and upright supports portion; Described transverse direction is the width of pedestal, that is the width in workpiece support section and upright supports portion.
By above-mentioned modularized design, there is following beneficial effect in the present invention: the first, meets market fast to different lathe specification demands, reduces design time; The second, the modularization docking of convenient casting wooden model, shortens the castings production time, reduces costs; 3rd, facilitate frock docking needed for machined, reduce origin reference location error, raise the efficiency.
About the first transmission mechanism driving supporting plate to move left and right on the first linear guides, namely the first transmission mechanism of column movement on the length direction of pedestal is ordered about, by in prior art, general employing be gear, rack drives supporting plate and realizing, so, certainly will form column and move left and right limited speed, inadequate natural endowment that precision is lower, simultaneously the skew of its transmission arm of force, stability when column moves is had a greatly reduced quality.For this, the present invention changes the structural design of prior art middle gear, rack drives supporting plate, described first transmission mechanism is designed to following structure: comprise ball wire bar pair one, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair one is arranged on pedestal, and the nut of ball wire bar pair one connects supporting plate.Adopt micron order ball wire bar pair to drive supporting plate, realize moving left and right of column, a step reaches stable motion that is accurate, quick and centering.
For meeting the rapid changing knife requirement such as brill, milling, boring, tapping of part processing, the present invention also comprises the knife-changing system be arranged on column, and described knife-changing system comprises tool magazine, mechanical arm, drive unit; Described tool magazine is disk-shaped, and described mechanical arm is rotary machine arm, and described drive unit drives tool magazine and mechanical arm to rotate; The rotation centerline of mechanical arm is parallel to the rotation centerline of main shaft in main spindle box, and the rotation centerline of mechanical arm is perpendicular to the rotation centerline of tool magazine, and the mechanical arm of rotation and the tool magazine of rotation have an intersection.
By the above-mentioned explanation for knife-changing system, concrete exchanging knives process is as follows: drive unit drives tool magazine to rotate, required cutter rotates the intersection of the tool magazine of mechanical arm and the rotation extremely rotated, the mechanical arm rotated captures required cutter in intersection, rotate to the main shaft place in main spindle box again, 3rd transmission mechanism drive shaft is descending, the direct plug-in mounting of required cutter or be sleeved on main shaft.
Illustrate the one of the first transmission mechanism, the second transmission mechanism, the 3rd transmission mechanism as the present invention, state the first transmission mechanism and comprise CNC servomotor one, servomotor one drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair one; Described second transmission mechanism comprises CNC servomotor two, and servomotor two drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair two; Described 3rd transmission mechanism comprises CNC servomotor two, and servomotor two drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair two.
In sum, the present invention uses bridge structural mechanics principle (arch, drag-line), carries out integral structure layout, form firm, stable basis to lathe; Select precise ball screw pair and linear guides, ensure that column all around and main spindle box are processed accurately and fast up and down; Adopt the arm-type tool magazine of manipulator, i.e. knife-changing system, meet the rapid changing knife requirement such as brill, milling, boring, tapping of part processing; Select high speed and precision main shaft, meet the requirement of part high-speed cutting and the processing of surperficial high-quality; Used modular unit design just, just can be different size, the machine that the part machining of length needs, to provide conveniently, flexibly and fast supply market.Therefore, the machine is provided with (main shaft 15000rpm/min.X at a high speed; Y; Z tri-more than axial velocity 48M/min), (precise ball screw is secondary to be combined with linear guides for compound (meeting the requirement of the brill of part processing, milling, boring, tapping and high-speed cutting and surperficial high-quality comprehensive process), dynamic pillar, by CNC servomotor conduction machine pillar and main spindle box, realize all around, move up and down, complete the accurate rapid processing to part, particularly to the processing of the limited length in environment place, heavy parts, there is great advantage) etc. characteristic, therefore, the present invention also can be described as high speed, compound, dynamic column-type machining center.
accompanying drawing illustrates:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described further:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the medium-and-large-sized lathe of prior art;
Fig. 2 is the upward view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is B-B sectional view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is A-A sectional view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of pillar lathe dynamic described in first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the upward view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is D-D sectional view in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is C-C sectional view in Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of pillar lathe dynamic described in second embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the upward view of Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is E-E sectional view in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of pillar lathe dynamic described in third embodiment of the invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of modular unit 100 in Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the upward view of Figure 12;
Figure 15 is the structural representation of modular unit 100 in Figure 14;
Figure 16 is G-G sectional view in Figure 14;
Figure 17 is F-F sectional view in Figure 14;
Figure 18 is the structural representation of pillar lathe dynamic described in fourth embodiment of the invention;
Figure 19 is the structural representation of modular unit 100 in Figure 18;
Figure 20 is the upward view of Figure 18;
Figure 21 is the structural representation of modular unit 100 in Figure 20;
Figure 22 is I-I sectional view in Figure 20;
Figure 23 is H-H sectional view in Figure 20.
Symbol description in figure:
10 '-pedestal;
20 '-supporting plate;
30 '-column;
40 '-main spindle box;
51 '-the first transmission mechanism; 52 '-the second transmission mechanism; 53 '-three transmission mechanism;
10-pedestal; 100-modular unit; 11-workpiece support section; 110-workpiece support section module; 111-the first longitudinal arched chamber; 112-the first horizontal arch chamber; 113-the second horizontal arch chamber; 12-upright supports portion; 120-upright supports portion module; 121-the three longitudinal arched chamber; 122-the three horizontal arch chamber; 101-longitudinal hole; 102-cross through hole;
20-supporting plate;
30-column;
40-main spindle box;
51-the first transmission mechanism; 52-the second transmission mechanism; 53-the three transmission mechanism;
60-knife-changing system; 61-tool magazine; 62-mechanical arm; 63-drive unit.
detailed description of the invention:
First embodiment:
Composition graphs 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, a kind of dynamic pillar lathe, comprises pedestal 10, supporting plate 20, column 30, main spindle box 40, first transmission mechanism 51, second transmission mechanism 52, the 3rd transmission mechanism 53.
Composition graphs 5, Fig. 8, described pedestal 10 is provided with the first linear guides, described supporting plate 20 is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, described first transmission mechanism 51 comprises ball wire bar pair one, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair one is arranged on pedestal 10, the nut of ball wire bar pair one connects supporting plate 20, first transmission mechanism 51 and drives supporting plate 20 to move left and right on the first linear guides; Described supporting plate 20 is provided with the second linear guides, described column 30 is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism 52 comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate 20, the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column 30, second transmission mechanism 52 and drives column 30 movable on supporting plate 20; Described column 30 is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box 40 is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism 53 comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box the 40, three transmission mechanism 53 drive shaft case 40 and moves up and down on column 30.
Described pedestal 10 is domes, and described domes comprise crisscross arch chamber.
Composition graphs 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, said base 10, comprise workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12, workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12 are set up in parallel, workpiece support section 11 is in rectangular-shaped, the first longitudinal arched chamber 111 and multiple first longitudinal arched chamber 111, horizontal arch chamber 112, first is offered orthogonal with multiple first horizontal arch chamber 112 in workpiece support section 11.The sidewall of described workpiece support section 11 is offered multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113, multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113 is communicated with the first longitudinal arched chamber 111; Described upright supports portion 12, in rectangular-shaped, offer in upright supports portion 12 and ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 and the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more, ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 orthogonal with the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more.Described pedestal 10 is offered longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102; The cross-sectional area of described longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102 is circular or square.
Second embodiment:
Composition graphs 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, a kind of dynamic pillar lathe, comprises pedestal 10, supporting plate 20, column 30, main spindle box 40, first transmission mechanism 51, second transmission mechanism 52, the 3rd transmission mechanism 53.
Composition graphs 9, Figure 11, described pedestal 10 is provided with the first linear guides, described supporting plate 20 is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, described first transmission mechanism 51 comprises ball wire bar pair one, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair one is arranged on pedestal 10, the nut of ball wire bar pair one connects supporting plate 20, first transmission mechanism 51 and drives supporting plate 20 to move left and right on the first linear guides; Described supporting plate 20 is provided with the second linear guides, described column 30 is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism 52 comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate 20, the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column 30, second transmission mechanism 52 and drives column 30 movable on supporting plate 20; Described column 30 is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box 40 is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism 53 comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box the 40, three transmission mechanism 53 drive shaft case 40 and moves up and down on column 30.
Described pedestal 10 is domes, and described domes comprise crisscross arch chamber.
Composition graphs 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, said base 10, comprise workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12, workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12 are set up in parallel, workpiece support section 11 is in rectangular-shaped, the first longitudinal arched chamber 111 and multiple first longitudinal arched chamber 111, horizontal arch chamber 112, first is offered orthogonal with multiple first horizontal arch chamber 112 in workpiece support section 11.The sidewall of described workpiece support section 11 is offered multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113, multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113 is communicated with the first longitudinal arched chamber 111; Described upright supports portion 12, in rectangular-shaped, offer in upright supports portion 12 and ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 and the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more, ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 orthogonal with the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more.Described pedestal 10 is offered longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102; The cross-sectional area of described longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102 is circular or square.
As Figure 10, the bottom surface of said base 10 is provided with many lacing wires 130, and many lacing wires 130 are woven into a network structure 13, and the elementary cell grid of network structure 13 assumes diamond in shape.Particularly, described network structure 13 is arranged on the bottom surface in upright supports portion 12, and the crosspoint of network structure 13 is positioned at the centre in the 3rd horizontal arch chamber 122.
3rd embodiment:
In conjunction with Figure 12, Figure 14, Figure 16, Figure 17, a kind of dynamic pillar lathe, comprises pedestal 10, supporting plate 20, column 30, main spindle box 40, first transmission mechanism 51, second transmission mechanism 52, the 3rd transmission mechanism 53.
In conjunction with Figure 12, Figure 17, described pedestal 10 is provided with the first linear guides, described supporting plate 20 is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, described first transmission mechanism 51 comprises ball wire bar pair one, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair one is arranged on pedestal 10, the nut of ball wire bar pair one connects supporting plate 20, first transmission mechanism 51 and drives supporting plate 20 to move left and right on the first linear guides; Described supporting plate 20 is provided with the second linear guides, described column 30 is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism 52 comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate 20, the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column 30, second transmission mechanism 52 and drives column 30 movable on supporting plate 20; Described column 30 is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box 40 is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism 53 comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box the 40, three transmission mechanism 53 drive shaft case 40 and moves up and down on column 30.
Described pedestal 10 is domes, and described domes comprise crisscross arch chamber.In conjunction with Figure 12, Figure 14, Figure 16, Figure 17, said base 10, comprise workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12, workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12 are set up in parallel, workpiece support section 11 is in rectangular-shaped, the first longitudinal arched chamber 111 and multiple first longitudinal arched chamber 111, horizontal arch chamber 112, first is offered orthogonal with multiple first horizontal arch chamber 112 in workpiece support section 11.The sidewall of described workpiece support section 11 is offered multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113, multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113 is communicated with the first longitudinal arched chamber 111; Described upright supports portion 12, in rectangular-shaped, offer in upright supports portion 12 and ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 and the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more, ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 orthogonal with the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more.Described pedestal 10 is offered longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102; The cross-sectional area of described longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102 is circular or square.
As Figure 14, the bottom surface of said base 10 is provided with many lacing wires 130, and many lacing wires 130 are woven into a network structure 13, and the elementary cell grid of network structure 13 assumes diamond in shape.Particularly, described network structure 13 is arranged on the bottom surface in upright supports portion 12, and the crosspoint of network structure 13 is positioned at the centre in the 3rd horizontal arch chamber 122.
In conjunction with Figure 12, Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, in said base 10, described workpiece support section 11 is made up of the workpiece support section module 110 that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, described upright supports portion 12 is made up of the upright supports portion module 120 that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, the quantity of workpiece support section module 110 equals the quantity of upright supports portion module 120, and workpiece support section module 110 is laterally set up in parallel with upright supports portion module 120; A workpiece support section module 110 and a upright supports portion module 120 form a modular unit 100, and described pedestal 10 is made up of the modular unit 100 that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side.Wherein, a described workpiece support section module 110 comprises a first horizontal arch chamber 112 orthogonal with the first longitudinal arched chamber 111; A described upright supports portion module 120 comprises the row three horizontal arch chamber 122 orthogonal with the 3rd longitudinal arched chamber 121.
4th embodiment:
In conjunction with Figure 18, Figure 20, Figure 22, Figure 23, a kind of dynamic pillar lathe, comprises pedestal 10, supporting plate 20, column 30, main spindle box 40, first transmission mechanism 51, second transmission mechanism 52, the 3rd transmission mechanism 53, knife-changing system 60.
In conjunction with Figure 18, Figure 23, described pedestal 10 is provided with the first linear guides, described supporting plate 20 is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, described first transmission mechanism 51 comprises ball wire bar pair one, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair one is arranged on pedestal 10, the nut of ball wire bar pair one connects supporting plate 20, first transmission mechanism 51 and drives supporting plate 20 to move left and right on the first linear guides; Described supporting plate 20 is provided with the second linear guides, described column 30 is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism 52 comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate 20, the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column 30, second transmission mechanism 52 and drives column 30 movable on supporting plate 20; Described column 30 is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box 40 is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism 53 comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box the 40, three transmission mechanism 53 drive shaft case 40 and moves up and down on column 30.
Described pedestal 10 is domes, and described domes comprise crisscross arch chamber.
In conjunction with Figure 18, Figure 20, Figure 22, Figure 23, said base 10, comprise workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12, workpiece support section 11 and upright supports portion 12 are set up in parallel, workpiece support section 11 is in rectangular-shaped, the first longitudinal arched chamber 111 and multiple first longitudinal arched chamber 111, horizontal arch chamber 112, first is offered orthogonal with multiple first horizontal arch chamber 112 in workpiece support section 11.The sidewall of described workpiece support section 11 is offered multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113, multiple second horizontal arch chamber 113 is communicated with the first longitudinal arched chamber 111; Described upright supports portion 12, in rectangular-shaped, offer in upright supports portion 12 and ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 and the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more, ranked third longitudinal arched chamber 121 orthogonal with the horizontal arch chamber 122 of multiple row the 3rd more.Described pedestal 10 is offered longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102; The cross-sectional area of described longitudinal hole 101 and cross through hole 102 is circular or square.
As Figure 20, the bottom surface of said base 10 is provided with many lacing wires 130, and many lacing wires 130 are woven into a network structure 13, and the elementary cell grid of network structure 13 assumes diamond in shape.Particularly, described network structure 13 is arranged on the bottom surface in upright supports portion 12, and the crosspoint of network structure 13 is positioned at the centre in the 3rd horizontal arch chamber 122.
In conjunction with Figure 18, Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21, in said base 10, described workpiece support section 11 is made up of the workpiece support section module 110 that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, described upright supports portion 12 is made up of the upright supports portion module 120 that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, the quantity of workpiece support section module 110 equals the quantity of upright supports portion module 120, and workpiece support section module 110 is laterally set up in parallel with upright supports portion module 120; A workpiece support section module 110 and a upright supports portion module 120 form a modular unit 100, and described pedestal 10 is made up of the modular unit 100 that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side.Wherein, a described workpiece support section module 110 comprises a first horizontal arch chamber 112 orthogonal with the first longitudinal arched chamber 111; A described upright supports portion module 120 comprises the row three horizontal arch chamber 122 orthogonal with the 3rd longitudinal arched chamber 121.
In conjunction with Figure 22, Figure 23, described knife-changing system 60 is arranged on column 30, and described knife-changing system 60 comprises tool magazine 61, mechanical arm 62, drive unit 63; Described tool magazine 61 is disk-shaped, and described mechanical arm 62 is rotary machine arm 62, and described drive unit 63 drives tool magazine 61 and mechanical arm 62 to rotate; The rotation centerline of mechanical arm 62 is parallel to the rotation centerline of main shaft in main spindle box 40, and the rotation centerline of mechanical arm 62 is perpendicular to the rotation centerline of tool magazine 61, and the mechanical arm 62 of rotation has an intersection with the tool magazine 61 rotated.
Described first transmission mechanism 51 comprises CNC servomotor one, and servomotor one drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair one; Described second transmission mechanism 52 comprises CNC servomotor two, and servomotor two drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair two; Described 3rd transmission mechanism 53 comprises CNC servomotor two, and servomotor two drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair two.
Above content is only better embodiment of the present invention, and for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to thought of the present invention, all will change in specific embodiments and applications, this description should not be construed as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a dynamic pillar lathe, comprises pedestal (10), supporting plate (20), column (30), main spindle box (40), the first transmission mechanism (51), the second transmission mechanism (52), the 3rd transmission mechanism (53); It is characterized in that: described pedestal (10) is provided with the first linear guides, described supporting plate (20) is slidably fitted on the first linear guides, described first transmission mechanism (51) connects pedestal (10) and supporting plate (20), and the first transmission mechanism (51) drives supporting plate (20) to move left and right on the first linear guides; Described supporting plate (20) is provided with the second linear guides, described column (30) is slidably fitted on the second linear guides, described second transmission mechanism (52) comprises ball wire bar pair two, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair two is arranged on supporting plate (20), the nut of ball wire bar pair two connects column (30), and the second transmission mechanism (52) drives column (30) upper movable at supporting plate (20); Described column (30) is provided with third linear guide rail, described main spindle box (40) is slidably fitted on third linear guide rail, described 3rd transmission mechanism (53) comprises ball wire bar pair three, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair three is arranged on pillar, the nut of ball wire bar pair three connects main spindle box (40), and the 3rd transmission mechanism (53) drive shaft case (40) moves up and down on column (30); Described pedestal (10) is domes, and described domes comprise crisscross arch chamber.
2. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pedestal (10) comprises workpiece support section (11) and upright supports portion (12), workpiece support section (11) and upright supports portion (12) are set up in parallel, workpiece support section (11) is in rectangular-shaped, offer the first longitudinal arched chamber (111) and multiple first horizontal arch chamber (112) in workpiece support section (11), the first longitudinal arched chamber (111) is orthogonal with multiple first horizontal arch chamber (112); The sidewall of described workpiece support section (11) is offered multiple second horizontal arch chamber (113), multiple second horizontal arch chamber (113) is communicated with the first longitudinal arched chamber (111); Described upright supports portion (12) is in rectangular-shaped, offer in upright supports portion (12) and ranked third longitudinal arched chamber (121) and the horizontal arch chamber (122) of multiple row the 3rd more, ranked third longitudinal arched chamber (121) orthogonal with the horizontal arch chamber of multiple row the 3rd (122) more; Described pedestal (10) is offered longitudinal hole (101) and cross through hole (102); The cross-sectional area of described longitudinal hole (101) and cross through hole (102) is circular or square.
3. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the bottom surface of described pedestal (10) is provided with many lacing wires (130), many lacing wires (130) are woven into a network structure (13), and the elementary cell grid of network structure (13) assumes diamond in shape.
4. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described network structure (13) is arranged on the bottom surface of upright supports portion (12), the crosspoint of network structure (13) is positioned at the centre of the 3rd horizontal arch chamber (122).
5. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described workpiece support section (11) is made up of the workpiece support section module (110) that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, described upright supports portion (12) is made up of upright supports portion module (120) that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side, the quantity of workpiece support section module (110) equals the quantity in upright supports portion module (120), and workpiece support section module (110) is laterally set up in parallel with upright supports portion module (120); A workpiece support section module (110) forms a modular unit (100) with upright supports portion module (120), and described pedestal (10) is made up of the modular unit (100) that multiple longitudinal direction is arranged side by side.
6. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: a described workpiece support section module (110) comprises a first horizontal arch chamber (112) orthogonal with the first longitudinal arched chamber (111); Described upright supports portion module (120) comprises the row three horizontal arch chamber (122) orthogonal with the 3rd longitudinal arched chamber (121).
7. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first transmission mechanism (51) comprises ball wire bar pair one, the screw mandrel of ball wire bar pair one is arranged on pedestal (10), and the nut of ball wire bar pair one connects supporting plate (20).
8. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the knife-changing system (60) be arranged on column (30), described knife-changing system (60) comprises tool magazine (61), mechanical arm (62), drive unit (63); Described tool magazine (61) is disk-shaped, and described mechanical arm (62) is rotary machine arm (62), and described drive unit (63) drives tool magazine (61) and mechanical arm (62) to rotate; The rotation centerline of mechanical arm (62) is parallel to the rotation centerline of main shaft in main spindle box (40), the rotation centerline of mechanical arm (62) is perpendicular to the rotation centerline of tool magazine (61), and the mechanical arm (62) of rotation has an intersection with the tool magazine (61) rotated.
9. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described second transmission mechanism (52) comprises CNC servomotor two, and servomotor two drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair two; Described 3rd transmission mechanism (53) comprises CNC servomotor two, and servomotor two drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair two.
10. a kind of dynamic pillar lathe as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: described first transmission mechanism (51) comprises CNC servomotor one, and servomotor one drives the screw mandrel in ball wire bar pair one.
CN201510344216.4A 2015-06-23 2015-06-23 Moving column type machine tool Pending CN104985484A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001287102A (en) * 2000-04-05 2001-10-16 Okuma & Howa Machinery Ltd Combined machining machine tool
CN101868323A (en) * 2007-11-30 2010-10-20 Flow国际公司 Be used for workpiece is carried out the flexible header system of machining
CN102152130A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-17 西安交通大学 Machine tool supporting structure with light weight and high bearing capacity
CN201970090U (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-09-14 杭州大天数控机床有限公司 Vertical-horizontal combined machining center
CN202491077U (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-10-17 宁波金野精密机械有限公司 Cast iron lathe bed of numerical control engraving and milling machine tool in integral structure
CN202780491U (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-03-13 武义机床制造有限公司 Base seat structure of machine tool
CN103878596A (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-25 纽威数控装备(苏州)有限公司 Light vibration-resistant upright column
CN104384939A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-03-04 清华大学 Horizontal machining central stand column with W-shaped rib plates
CN204868364U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-12-16 佛山市春上机电有限公司 Moving column lathe

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001287102A (en) * 2000-04-05 2001-10-16 Okuma & Howa Machinery Ltd Combined machining machine tool
CN101868323A (en) * 2007-11-30 2010-10-20 Flow国际公司 Be used for workpiece is carried out the flexible header system of machining
CN102152130A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-17 西安交通大学 Machine tool supporting structure with light weight and high bearing capacity
CN201970090U (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-09-14 杭州大天数控机床有限公司 Vertical-horizontal combined machining center
CN202491077U (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-10-17 宁波金野精密机械有限公司 Cast iron lathe bed of numerical control engraving and milling machine tool in integral structure
CN202780491U (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-03-13 武义机床制造有限公司 Base seat structure of machine tool
CN103878596A (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-25 纽威数控装备(苏州)有限公司 Light vibration-resistant upright column
CN104384939A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-03-04 清华大学 Horizontal machining central stand column with W-shaped rib plates
CN204868364U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-12-16 佛山市春上机电有限公司 Moving column lathe

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Application publication date: 20151021