CN104983486A - System for customizing individualized artificial total hip joint replacement operation femur preparation template - Google Patents

System for customizing individualized artificial total hip joint replacement operation femur preparation template Download PDF

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CN104983486A
CN104983486A CN201510244810.6A CN201510244810A CN104983486A CN 104983486 A CN104983486 A CN 104983486A CN 201510244810 A CN201510244810 A CN 201510244810A CN 104983486 A CN104983486 A CN 104983486A
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femoral
guide plate
femur
osteotomy
prosthesis
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CN201510244810.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104983486B (en
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张海宁
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青岛大学附属医院
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Abstract

The invention provides a system for customizing an individualized artificial total hip joint replacement operation femur preparation template. The system comprises a femur neck osteotomy guide plate, a femur prosthesis anteversion and lateral border guide plate, the interior surface of the femur neck osteotomy guide plate is matched with a femur head, a femur neck, and a femur intermediate zone between a greater trochanter and a lesser trochanter in anatomic shape, the femur neck osteotomy guide plate is provided with an osteotomy positioning groove, the bottom of the femur prosthesis anteversion and lateral border guide plate is matched with a femur neck osteotomy surface in shape, the femur prosthesis anteversion and lateral border guide plate comprises a body, a lesser trochanter positioning wing and a front side wing, the lesser trochanter positioning wing and the front side wing are arranged on the body, and the body is provided with an anteversion and lateral border guide groove. According to the invention, the position of the ideal artificial total hip joint femur prosthesis in a human body can be controlled accurately, and furthermore the operation effect can be improved.

Description

定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统 Customized individual total hip replacement surgery femoral template preparation system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于人工全髋关节置换手术用模板技术领域,特别是一种定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the total hip replacement surgery BACKGROUND template, in particular an individual customized total hip replacement surgery prepared femoral template system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 人工全髋关节置换术是目前国际上治疗髋关节疾病最为有效的手段之一,其治疗效果获得了全世界范围内医生和患者的一致认可。 [0002] total hip arthroplasty is one of the most effective means of treating hip disease internationally, the treatment effect was unanimously recognized worldwide doctors and patients. 但影响手术效果的关键因素之一在于人工全髋关节假体的位置以及假体植入体内后能否恢复正常的髋关节解剖以及生物力学特性,例如下肢长度、髋关节旋转中心、偏心距、假体大小、位置、角度以及假体与骨的接触特点等,这些都是由手术技术和患者解剖特点决定的,这些因素解决与否直接影响者手术近期乃至远期的效果。 But one of the key factors that affect the outcome of the position of the prosthesis and total hip prosthesis after implantation in vivo ability to restore normal anatomy of the hip joint and biomechanical properties, such as the length of the lower limbs, hip center of rotation, eccentricity, prosthesis size, position, and the contact angle characteristics prosthesis and bone, etc., which are determined by the surgical technique and the patient's anatomy, to address these factors were not directly affect results of operations as well as the recent long-term. 因此,针对患者固有的解剖数据制备个体化手术模板,对术中能够根据患者个体的解剖特点进行精确截骨及骨床的处理制备,可获得理想的股骨假体在体内的位置,从而极大改善术后效果,防止脱位、下肢不等长及假体不匹配所致的撞击、下沉等并发症。 Thus, for the patient anatomical data unique to individual operation template preparation, preparation for surgery can be precisely osteotomy bone bed process according to the individual patient's anatomy, the position can be obtained over the femoral prosthesis in the body, thereby greatly improve postoperative results, prevent dislocation, leg length discrepancy and prosthesis mismatch caused by collision, sinking and other complications. 目前针对人工全髋关节置换术的股骨制备模板仍属空白。 Currently template for preparing the femoral total hip arthroplasty for is still a blank.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,在人工全髋关节手术中,影响手术效果的关键因素之一在于股骨颈截骨面的位置,以及股骨假体置入的正确角度,例如前倾角和在髓腔中的位置以及大小、偏心距等。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a customized individual total hip arthroplasty femur template preparation system in total hip surgery, one of the key factors that affect the outcome of the position of the femoral neck osteotomy surface, and a femoral prosthesis is inserted the correct angle, for example, and the size and location of anteversion in the medullary cavity, the eccentricity and the like. 因此如何能正确地安放股骨假体是决定性的技术因素之一。 So how to correctly place the femoral prosthesis is one of the decisive technical factors. 为此,本发明设计一种能够获得理想股骨假体位置的截骨及安放模板系统。 To this end, the present invention is capable of obtaining the design and placement of osteotomy template system position over the femoral prosthesis.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用以下技术方案予以实现: [0004] To solve the above problems, the present invention employs the following technical solutions to be achieved:

一种定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,所述股骨制备模板系统包括股骨颈截骨导向板和股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板, A method of customizing individual total hip replacement surgery prepared femoral template system, the femoral neck osteotomy template preparation system comprising a guide plate and a femoral prosthetic anteversion guide plate and the outer edge,

所述股骨颈截骨导向板的内表面与股骨头、股骨颈及股骨大小转子间区的解剖形状吻合,所述股骨颈截骨导向板上开设有截骨定位槽; The inner surface of the femoral neck and femoral head osteotomy guide plate of the anatomical shape of the area between the femoral neck and the size of the rotor coincide, the femoral neck osteotomy osteotomy guide plate defines a locating slot;

所述股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板的底部形状与股骨颈截骨面吻合,所述股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板包括体部,所述体部上开设有前倾角及外侧缘导向槽。 The shape of the bottom surface of the femoral neck osteotomy and anteversion of the femoral prosthesis the outer edge of the guide plate coincide, the anterior femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the angle guide plate comprises a body portion, and defines a rake angle on the outer side of the body portion edge of the guide groove.

[0005] 如上所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,所述前倾角及外侧缘导向槽的方向与根据股骨颈解剖数据测量的股骨颈前倾角相同。 [0005] individualized customization total hip replacement surgery described above prepared femoral template system, and the direction of inclination of the outer edge of the front guide groove is the same as the inclination angle measurement data according to the previous anatomic femoral collum.

[0006] 如上所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,所述前倾角及夕卜侧缘导向槽的外侧边缘位于股骨髓腔外侧皮质内表面的近端延长线上。 [0006] individualized customization total hip replacement surgery described above prepared femoral template system, and the tilt angle of the front outer side edge of the guide groove Bu Xi edge of the proximal medullary cavity of the outer surface of the extension line of the femoral cortex.

[0007] 如上所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,所述股骨颈截骨导向板包括用于贴附于大转子尖内侧的大转子定位翼、用于贴附于小转子尖顶端的小转子定位翼以及用于贴附于股骨头、股骨颈移行区的头颈移行区定位翼。 [0007] individualized customization total hip replacement surgery described above prepared femoral template system, the femoral neck osteotomy and includes a guide plate attached to the inside of the tip of the greater trochanter greater trochanter positioning tab for attachment to a small rotor positioning tab on the end of a rotor and a tip attached to the femoral head, neck transitional region transitional neck region positioning tab.

[0008] 如上所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,所述股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板包括设置在体部上的小转子定位翼和前侧翼,所述小转子定位翼用于根据股骨近端解剖形状贴附于股骨颈截骨面至小转子尖的骨面上,所述前侧翼用于根据股骨近端解剖形状贴附于股骨近端前方骨面上。 [0008] The individualized customization total hip replacement surgery described above prepared femoral template system, the femoral prosthesis angle front edge of the guide plate and the outer rotor including small positioning tab is provided on the body portion and the front flank, the rotor for small positioning tab attached to the anatomical shape of the tip of the femoral neck osteotomy surface to the bone surface according to the lesser trochanter proximal femur, the front flank for the proximal femur anatomical shape is attached to the front surface from the proximal femur bone on.

[0009]与现有技术相比,本发明的优点和积极效果是:本发明定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统针对患者的解剖数据进行个体化精确定制,利用股骨颈截骨导向板可对股骨颈实施精确截骨,利用股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板的前倾角及外侧缘导向槽所指示的方向制备股骨髓腔,可获取假体在股骨髓腔中的理想插入位置,以便对股骨假体的位置在术中进行精确安放;可严格控制并在术中实施与术前设计相同的针对患者特定解剖数据的假体安放的各种合适的角度、深度、距离和假体大小,从而精确控制理想的人工全髋关节股骨假体在体内的位置,避免因假体位置不良所产生的髋关节脱位、假体撞击、下沉、下肢不等长、假体内外翻位放置产生的尺寸过小、大腿疼痛等并发症,进而改善手术效果。 [0009] Compared with the prior art, the advantages and positive effects of the invention are: the present invention individualized customization total hip arthroplasty femur template preparation system for precisely tailored individual anatomic data of the patient, the use of the femoral neck osteotomy embodiment can accurately guide plate femoral neck osteotomy, prepared femoral canal using the angle and direction of the front outer edge of the guide groove and the outer edge of anteversion of the femoral prosthesis the guide plate indicated, can be obtained over the prosthesis in the femoral canal the insertion position, so that the position of the femoral prosthesis is accurately placed in surgery; can be strictly controlled and implement the appropriate angle for the same design of patient-specific anatomical data and the placement of the prosthesis preoperative, intraoperative depth, from and the size of the prosthesis, so that precise control over the total hip joint femoral prosthesis in position in the body, to avoid failure due to hip prosthesis position dislocation generated prosthesis impingement, subsidence, limb length, false vivo varus generated placement size is too small, thigh pain and other complications, thereby improving surgical results.

[0010] 结合附图阅读本发明实施方式的详细描述后,本发明的其他特点和优点将变得更加清楚。 [0010] After reading the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention, other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011]图1是本发明具体实施例股骨颈截骨导向板的结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the femoral neck osteotomy guide plate particular embodiment of the present invention.

[0012] 图2是本发明具体实施例股骨的结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a specific embodiment of the present invention femur.

[0013] 图3是本发明具体实施例股骨与股骨颈截骨导向板的组合结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic configuration example of the combination of femoral neck osteotomy and the guide plate particular embodiment of the present invention.

[0014]图4是本发明具体实施例股骨截骨后的结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the femur osteotomy particular embodiment of the present invention.

[0015] 图5是图4A向的结构示意图 [0015] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 4A

图6是本发明具体实施例股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板的结构示意图。 FIG 6 is a schematic structural diagram of anteversion of the femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the guide plate particular embodiment of the present invention.

[0016] 图7是本发明具体实施例股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板与股骨截骨后的组合结构示意图。 [0016] FIG. 7 is a front angle and femoral prosthesis embodiment the outer edge of the guide plate schematic structure after femoral osteotomy in combination with a particular embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 本发明提出了一种定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统。 [0017] The present invention proposes a customized individual total hip replacement surgery prepared femoral template system. 利用股骨制备模板系统确定对股骨颈实施精确截骨,并制备股骨髓腔,获取假体的理想插入位置,以便对股骨假体的位置在术中进行精确安放,控制人工全髋关节股骨假体在体内的理想位置,改善手术效果。 Femoral template preparation using the system to determine the precise embodiment of the femoral neck osteotomy, and prepared femoral canal, the prosthesis is inserted over the acquired location for precise placement of the position of the femoral prosthesis during surgery, control of total hip femoral component in an ideal location in the body, improve the outcome.

[0018] 下面结合附图,通过具体实施例对本发明的实现方式进行具体说明: [0018] DRAWINGS, specific implementations of the invention described by specific examples:

如图1-7所示,本实施例提出了一种定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,包括股骨颈截骨导向板I和股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2。 As shown in FIG 1-7, the present embodiment proposes a system for customizing individual total hip arthroplasty femur template preparation system comprising a femoral neck osteotomy guide plate inclination I and a femoral prosthesis and an outer edge of the front guide plate 2. 股骨颈截骨导向板I用于确定股骨3的截骨位置,股骨颈截骨导向板I通过大转子定位翼101、小转子定位翼102和头颈移行区定位翼103进行定位,并通过截骨定位槽104确定截骨位置进行截骨。 I femoral neck osteotomy guide plate for determining the position of the femoral osteotomy 3, I femoral neck osteotomy guide plate, the small rotor positioning tab 102 is positioned by positioning the rotor wing 101 and a large head and neck positioning tab transition zone 103, and through the osteotomy positioning groove 104 determines the position of osteotomy osteotomy. 截骨后,股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2用于确定假体在股骨髓腔内的理想插入位置,通过小转子定位翼201和前侧翼202将股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2定位在股骨颈截骨面4上,通过体部203上的前倾角及外侧缘导向槽204获取假体的理想插入位置。 After osteotomy, anteversion of the femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the guide plate 2 for determining a position over the prosthesis into the femoral cavity, positioning the rotor through a small angle and the front wings 201 and 202 flanking the front outer edge of a femoral prosthesis guide plate 2 is positioned on the femoral neck osteotomy surface 4, 204 obtains the ideal position by the insertion of the prosthesis and the rake angle on the outer edge of the guide groove 203 of the body portion.

[0019] 本实施例的股骨颈导向板I的内表面与股骨头31、股骨颈32及股骨大小转子间区33的解剖形状吻合,股骨颈截骨导向板I包括大转子定位翼101、小转子定位翼102和头颈移行区定位翼103,股骨颈截骨导向板I上还开设有截骨定位槽104。 [0019] The present embodiment of the neck of the guide plate and the inner surface of the femoral head I of embodiment 31, the size of the femoral neck 32 and femoral regions of the rotor 33 coincides anatomical shape, the femoral neck osteotomy guide plates I positioning tab 101 includes a large rotor, a small the rotor head and neck positioning tab 102 and the transitional zone positioning tab 103, the femoral neck osteotomy guide plate defines a further I osteotomy positioning groove 104. 下面进行具体说明:大转子定位翼101,用于贴附于大转子34尖内侧,与大转子34相配合以进行定位;小转子定位翼102,用于贴附于小转子35尖顶端,与小转子35相配合以进行定位;头颈移行区定位翼103,用于贴附于股骨头、股骨颈移行区36,与股骨头、股骨颈移行区36相配合以进行定位; Be specifically described below: Large rotor positioning tab 101, a tip 34 attached to the inner side of the greater trochanter, greater trochanter 34 cooperate to position; targeting small rotor wing 102, tip 35 is attached to a tip of the lesser trochanter, and small rotor 35 cooperate to position; transitional neck region positioning tab 103, for attaching to the femoral head, neck transitional region 36, and the femoral head, neck transition zone 36 cooperate to position;

股骨颈导向板I上还开设有截骨定位槽104,优选的,截骨定位槽104设置在头颈移行区定位翼103上,用于确定截骨位置。 I neck guide plate further defines a groove 104 positioned osteotomy, preferably, osteotomy positioning groove 104 disposed in the transitional region of the head and neck positioning tab 103 for determining the position of the osteotomy.

[0020] 股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2用于将股骨头31截掉后,贴附定位在股骨颈截面4上。 After the [0020] inclination of the front of the femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the guide plate 31 2 is used to cut off the femoral head, the femoral neck is attached on the cross section 4 is positioned. 股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2的底部形状与股骨颈截骨面4吻合,股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2包括体部203、设置在体部203上的小转子定位翼201和前侧翼202,体部203上开设有前倾角及外侧缘导向槽204。 4 coincide with the shape of the bottom surface of the femoral neck osteotomy and anteversion of the femoral prosthesis the outer edge of the guide plate 2, the inclination angle of the femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the front guide plate 2 includes a body portion 203, body portion 203 is provided on a positioning tab lesser trochanter 201 and a front flank 202, and defines a rake angle of the guide groove 204 on the outer edge portion 203 thereof. 下面进行具体说明: Be specifically described below:

小转子定位翼201,用于根据股骨近端解剖形状贴附于股骨颈截骨面4至小转子35尖的骨面上,与小转子35相配合以进行定位; Small rotor positioning tab 201, for anatomical shape of the bone surface 4 attached to the lesser trochanter to the femoral neck osteotomy surface of the tip 35 according to the proximal femur, with the small rotor 35 cooperate to position;

前侧翼202,用于根据股骨近端解剖形状贴附于股骨近端前方骨面上,与股骨近端前方骨面相配合以进行定位。 Front flank 202, according to the shape of the anatomy proximal femoral bone is attached to the front surface of the proximal femur, proximal femur with a front surface of a bone to be positioned.

[0021] 前倾角及外侧缘导向槽204的方向与根据股骨颈解剖数据测量的股骨颈前倾角相同。 [0021] The angle and direction of the front outer edge of the guide groove 204 is the same as the data measured according to the anatomical femoral neck angle of the femoral neck.

[0022] 前倾角及外侧缘导向槽204的外侧边缘位于股骨髓腔外侧皮质内表面的近端延长线上。 Outer [0022] anteversion guide groove 204 and the outer edge of the edge of the proximal femoral canal extension line of the outer surface of the cortex.

[0023] 本实施例的股骨颈截骨导向板I和股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2需要根据个体化股骨3的解剖形状分别加工,股骨颈截骨导向板I和股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2的获取过程如下: Before the [0023] embodiment of the present embodiment of the femoral neck osteotomy guide plate I anteversion and a femoral prosthesis and an outer edge of the guide plates 2 are processed according to need individualized anatomical shape of the femur 3, the femoral neck osteotomy guide plate and a femoral prosthesis I angle guide plates and the outer edge 2 of the acquisition process is as follows:

先将患者的髋关节影像数据资料,例如CT或MRI数据利用特定软件进行三维重建,确定股骨头旋转中心、股骨颈干角、前倾角、偏心距、股骨髓腔宽度等解剖数据。 First the patient's hip image data, for example, CT or MRI data with a particular software for three-dimensional reconstruction, to determine the center of rotation of the femoral head, neck shaft angle, front inclination, eccentricity, femoral canal width anatomical data. 确定合适的股骨颈截骨角度、偏心距、股骨假体的近端及远端尺寸大小、前倾角等数据。 Determine the appropriate femoral neck osteotomy angle, eccentricity, proximal and distal femoral prosthesis size, rake angle and other data. 在软件中选取手术中可以确定显露的骨性解剖标志,逆向求得反向模型,设计生成模板文件,在3D打印设备中利用特定材料如医用塑料或金属材料进行3D打印,制作股骨制备模板系统。 Select bone in software may determine anatomical landmarks were revealed, the reverse inverse model is obtained, designed to generate a template file, a particular material, such as plastic or metal material for medical 3D printing using a 3D printing apparatus, preparation of a femoral template production system .

[0024] 手术当中对股骨3脱位显露股骨头31、股骨颈32及股骨近端37,将定制的股骨颈截骨导向板I安放在股骨头颈区,使大转子定位翼101贴附于大转子34尖内侧解剖标志;小转子定位翼102贴附于小转子35尖顶端解剖标志;头颈移行区定位翼103贴附于股骨头、股骨颈移行区36。 [0024] during the operation, to reveal dislocation of the femoral head 31 femoral 3, neck 32 and proximal femur 37, femoral neck osteotomy customized guide plate placed in the head and neck region I, so that large rotor positioning tab 101 is attached to the greater trochanter 34 tip inner anatomical landmarks; small positioning tab 102 is attached to the rotor 35 to the top tip of the lesser trochanter anatomical landmarks; transitional neck region positioning tab 103 is attached to the femoral head, neck transitional zone 36. 根据股骨颈截骨导向板I上的截骨定位槽104实施股骨颈截骨。 The positioning groove in the femoral neck osteotomy osteotomy guide plate femoral neck osteotomy embodiment I 104.

[0025] 将股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板2安放在股骨颈截骨面4上,使导向板体部203贴附在股骨颈截骨面4上;小转子定位翼201贴附于股骨颈截骨面4至小转子35尖端的骨面上;前侧翼202贴附于股骨近端37前方骨面上;利用体部203的前倾角及外侧缘导向槽204所指示的方向和假体外侧缘的位置,使用各人工全髋关节假体系统自带的股骨髓腔锉制备股骨髓腔,即可选取术前测量大小的股骨假体按照前倾角及外侧缘导向槽204所指示的方向进行安放,导向槽204的外侧边缘即为假体外侧缘的理想插入位置。 [0025] The rake angle of the femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the guide plate 2 placed on the femoral neck osteotomy surface 4, the guide plate 203 attached to the body portion of the femoral neck osteotomy surface 4; small positioning tab 201 is attached to a rotor 4 femoral neck osteotomy surface of the rotor 35 to the tip of the small bone surface; front flaps 202 attached to the proximal femur bone front surface 37; direction angle using the body portion 203 and the front outer edge of the guide groove 204 and the false indication the position of the outer edge thereof, using each of total hip prosthesis femoral canal file system comes prepared femoral canal, before selecting operation to the femoral prosthesis according to the size of the rake angle and the outer edge of the guide slot 204 as indicated mounting direction, the outer edges of the guide slot 204 that is over the outer edge of the prosthesis insertion position. 然后选取术前测量的合适偏心距的股骨头假体安放、复位完成全部假体的植入。 Suitable eccentric then measured before surgery selected from the femoral head is placed, the reset is completed all of the implanted prosthesis.

[0026] 最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的精神和范围。 [0026] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are intended to illustrate the present invention, rather than limiting;. Although the present invention has been described in detail embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: may still be made to the technical solutions described in each embodiment of the modified or part of the technical features equivalents; as such modifications or replacements do not cause the essence of corresponding technical solutions to depart from the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention and scope.

Claims (5)

1.一种定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,其特征在于,所述股骨制备模板系统包括股骨颈截骨导向板和股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板, 所述股骨颈截骨导向板的内表面与股骨头、股骨颈及股骨大小转子间区的解剖形状吻合,所述股骨颈截骨导向板上开设有截骨定位槽; 所述股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板的底部形状与股骨颈截骨面吻合,所述股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板包括体部,所述体部上开设有前倾角及外侧缘导向槽。 1. A method of customizing individual total hip replacement surgery prepared femoral template system, wherein said system comprises a template prepared femoral anteversion angle of the femoral neck osteotomy guide plate and the outer edge of a femoral prosthesis and the guide plate, the femoral the inner surface of the femoral neck osteotomy guide plate of the anatomical shape of the area between the femoral neck and the size of the rotor coincide, the femoral neck osteotomy osteotomy guide plate defines a locating slot; tilt angle of the femoral prosthesis and the outer front the shape of the femoral neck osteotomy surface of the bottom edge of the guide plate fit, and the outer edge of the femoral angle guide plate comprises a body portion, the body portion defines a front edge of the guide groove and the outer angle before the prosthesis.
2.根据权利要求1所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,其特征在于,所述前倾角及外侧缘导向槽的方向与根据股骨颈解剖数据测量的股骨颈前倾角相同。 The individualized customization of the total hip replacement surgery of claim 1 prepared femoral template system, characterized in that the angle and direction of the front outer edge of the guide groove and the angle measurement data in accordance with the anatomical femoral neck femoral neck the same.
3.根据权利要求1所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,其特征在于,所述前倾角及外侧缘导向槽的外侧边缘位于股骨髓腔外侧皮质内表面的近端延长线上。 The individualized customization of the total hip replacement surgery of claim 1 prepared femoral template system, characterized in that the outer side of the front edge of the guide groove and lateral inclination of the outer edge of the proximal medullary cavity of the femoral cortical surface extension line.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,其特征在于,所述股骨颈截骨导向板包括用于贴附于大转子尖内侧的大转子定位翼、用于贴附于小转子尖顶端的小转子定位翼以及用于贴附于股骨头、股骨颈移行区的头颈移行区定位翼。 The individualized customization total hip claim 1 or claim 2 prepared template femoral arthroplasty system, characterized in that the femoral neck osteotomy and includes a guide plate attached to the tip of the greater trochanter to the medial side of the rotor positioning tab for attachment to the top of the tip of the lesser trochanter to lesser trochanter and a positioning tab attached to the femoral head, neck transitional region transitional neck region positioning tab.
5.根据权利要求1或2所述的定制个体化人工全髋关节置换手术股骨制备模板系统,其特征在于,所述股骨假体前倾角及外侧缘导向板包括设置在体部上的小转子定位翼和前侧翼,所述小转子定位翼用于根据股骨近端解剖形状贴附于股骨颈截骨面至小转子尖的骨面上,所述前侧翼用于根据股骨近端解剖形状贴附于股骨近端前方骨面上。 The individualized customization total hip claim 1 or claim 2 prepared template femoral replacement surgery system, wherein the anteversion of the femoral prosthesis and the outer edge of the guide plate includes a small rotor portion disposed on the body positioning tab and the front side flaps, said small rotor for positioning tab attached to the anatomical shape of the tip of the femoral neck osteotomy surface to the bone surface according to the lesser trochanter proximal femur, the front side flaps according to the proximal femur anatomical shape for paste attached to the proximal femur bone front surface.
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