CN104983060B - A kind of tobacco shred sorter and technique - Google Patents

A kind of tobacco shred sorter and technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104983060B
CN104983060B CN201510281446.0A CN201510281446A CN104983060B CN 104983060 B CN104983060 B CN 104983060B CN 201510281446 A CN201510281446 A CN 201510281446A CN 104983060 B CN104983060 B CN 104983060B
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco shred
conveyer belt
sorter
loose
loose case
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CN201510281446.0A
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CN104983060A (en
Inventor
付永民
范磊
肖辉
靳亚伟
李琦
李浩亮
李鹏举
戈方
牛宏伟
张根勤
李朝阳
侯俊峰
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China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co Ltd
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China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510281446.0A priority Critical patent/CN104983060B/en
Publication of CN104983060A publication Critical patent/CN104983060A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/16Classifying or aligning leaves

Abstract

The invention belongs to a kind of tobacco shred sorter and technique, tobacco shred sorter is made up of feed system and piece-rate system, described feed system includes jigging conveyer, charging cover, charging gas lock and the material casting band being sequentially connected with, feeding gas lock is positioned at the lower section of charging cover, and material casting band is positioned at the lower section of charging gas lock;Described piece-rate system includes negative pressure sucking air pipe, netted conveyer belt, the loose case of tobacco shred and positive pressure fan from top to bottom, wherein, the inlet scoop of negative pressure sucking air pipe is between the upper and lower width of netted conveyer belt, and the lower width of netted conveyer belt is between the loose case in the inlet scoop of negative pressure sucking air pipe and tobacco shred and extends on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred;The left side central portion of the loose case of described tobacco shred connects with material casting band, and the bottom of the loose case of tobacco shred connects positive pressure fan;The right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and the lower section of width under netted conveyer belt is provided with long filament blanking box, the lower section of long filament blanking box connects long filament discharging gas lock.Both long filament can be separated with short silk, and the most not increase tobacco shred and make broken.

Description

A kind of tobacco shred sorter and technique
Technical field
The invention belongs to tobacco shred is carried out online classification technical field, be specifically related to a kind of tobacco shred sorter and technique.
Background technology
Along with Cigarette processing technology and the Continuous Innovation of technique theory and development, Cigarette processing enters the fine design stage the most comprehensively.Wherein grouping Processing, Flexible Manufacture and product homogenisation are difficult point and the technological development focuses implementing fine design.In terms of current current situation, the feedstock module process technology taking different processing mode and machined parameters according to raw tobacco material different sources, grade processing characteristic respectively is the most ripe, for promoting raw material use value, widen raw material range and established important foundation.But from the point of view of the critical evaluation standardized product quality homogenous level of fine design, some problems are also had to need to solve, between criticizing in mainly criticizing, the uniformity of tobacco shred each component blending uniformity and flavoring and casing need to promote further, and its key influence factor is the uniformity of tobacco shred length.
Existing research shows that the optimum length that Cut tobacco is distributed should be 2.00~4. 75 mm(different formulations product slightly differences), but actual production middle period filament length degree distributed pole is uneven, detection data show that the cut tobacco ratio of > 10mm accounts for about 40%, more than the 100mm that the longest cut tobacco can reach, these long cut tobaccos easily tangle mutually curling in the course of processing, weave in forms knot pigtail or conglomeration tobacco shred, it is difficult to mix homogeneously with for other tobacco shreds, and the undulatory property of arrangement mode is the biggest in coiling process.Not only impact rolls the stability of physical quality, and directly affects different component tobacco shred, the actual uniformity consistency joined of mixing of disparate modules tobacco shred, and then affects flavoring and casing uniformity consistency.The stability and the concordance that are each smoking property of cigarette quality for consumer there are differences.It is thus desirable to Cut tobacco is optimized regulation and control, eliminate long cut tobacco, reduce long filament rate, thus obtain the preferable cut tobacco of length homogeneity.But tobacco shred is too short also to be adversely affected, the first too short filling capacity affecting tobacco shred of tobacco shred, secondly the short too high meeting of silk rate makes cigarette void-end rate increase, and end tobacco-falling quantity is deteriorated, thus increases defect ware, affects Medicated cigarette consumption.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of eliminate long tobacco shred, the most do not increase make broken, reduce the tobacco shred sorter of production cost and technique.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is, a kind of tobacco shred sorter, it is made up of feed system and piece-rate system, described feed system includes jigging conveyer, charging cover, charging gas lock and the material casting band being sequentially connected with, feeding gas lock is positioned at the lower section of charging cover, and material casting band is positioned at the lower section of charging gas lock;Described piece-rate system includes negative pressure sucking air pipe, netted conveyer belt, the loose case of tobacco shred and positive pressure fan from top to bottom, wherein, the inlet scoop of negative pressure sucking air pipe is between the upper and lower width of netted conveyer belt, and the lower width of netted conveyer belt is between the loose case in the inlet scoop of negative pressure sucking air pipe and tobacco shred and extends on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred;The left side central portion of the loose case of described tobacco shred connects with material casting band, and the bottom of the loose case of tobacco shred connects positive pressure fan;The right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and the lower section of width under netted conveyer belt is provided with long filament blanking box, the lower section of long filament blanking box connects long filament discharging gas lock.
Preferably, the air outlet of described negative pressure sucking air pipe is contacted with tangential feeder, negative-pressure air fan successively..
Preferably, the lower section of the loose case of tobacco shred is provided with refuse collecting case.
Preferably, described positive pressure fan is connected by the arranged on left and right sides in left and right malleation pipeline bottom loose with tobacco shred portion respectively.
Preferably, it is positioned at the upper surface of width under the netted conveyer belt on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and is provided with hairbrush.
Preferably, it is positioned at the upper surface of width under the netted conveyer belt on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and is provided with air blown pipe.
Preferably, described material casting band tilts obliquely, and is 2.5 ~ 3.5 ° with the angle of horizontal plane.
Tobacco shred classification technique, comprises the following steps: open positive pressure fan, and tobacco shred is sent in charging cover by jigging conveyer, and then tobacco shred falls on material casting band by charging gas lock, and tobacco shred is thrown in the loose case of tobacco shred by material casting band;Tobacco shred moves up under the action of the forces of the wind in the loose case of tobacco shred, shorter tobacco shred enters negative pressure sucking air pipe through the lower width of netted conveyer belt, longer tobacco shred adsorbs the lower surface of width under netted conveyer belt and along with netted conveyer belt moves right, and finally enters in long filament blanking box.
The beneficial effect comprise that, the present invention uses flexible wind to sort, and compared with mechanical grading sorting, both long filament and short silk can be effectively separated, and will not additionally increase again tobacco shred and make broken, and also have loose impurity-eliminating effect simultaneously to tobacco shred.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the tobacco shred sorter of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at the inlet scoop of the negative pressure sucking air pipe of the tobacco shred sorter of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of tobacco shred sorter, is made up of feed system and piece-rate system, and described feed system includes jigging conveyer 1, charging cover 2, charging gas lock 3 and the material casting band 4 being sequentially connected with, charging gas lock 3 is positioned at the lower section of charging cover 2, and material casting band 4 is positioned at the lower section of charging gas lock 3;Described piece-rate system includes negative pressure sucking air pipe 8, netted conveyer belt 10, the loose case of tobacco shred 9 and positive pressure fan 7 from top to bottom, wherein, the inlet scoop 5 of negative pressure sucking air pipe 8 netted conveyer belt 10 upper 101, between lower 102, lower 102 of netted conveyer belt 10 is between the inlet scoop 5 of negative pressure sucking air pipe 8 and the loose case of tobacco shred 9 and extends on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred 9;The left side central portion of the loose case of described tobacco shred 9 connects with material casting band 4, and the bottom of the loose case of tobacco shred 9 connects positive pressure fan 7;The right side of the loose case of tobacco shred 9 and the lower section corresponding under netted conveyer belt 102 are provided with long filament blanking box 13, and the lower section of long filament blanking box 13 connects long filament discharging gas lock 14.
The air outlet of described negative pressure sucking air pipe 8 is contacted with tangential feeder 15, negative-pressure air fan 16 successively.The lower section of the loose case of tobacco shred 9 is provided with refuse collecting case 6.Positive pressure fan 7 is connected by the arranged on left and right sides bottom left malleation pipeline 701, right malleation pipeline 702 case loose with tobacco shred 9 respectively.Be positioned under the netted conveyer belt on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred 9 102 be provided above hairbrush 11 and air blown pipe 12.Described material casting band 4 tilts obliquely, and is 3 ° with the angle of horizontal plane.
Tobacco shred classification technique, comprises the following steps: open negative-pressure air fan 16 and positive pressure fan 7, and tobacco shred is sent in charging cover 2 by jigging conveyer 1, and then tobacco shred falls on material casting band 4 by charging gas lock 3, and tobacco shred is thrown in the loose case of tobacco shred 9 by material casting band 4;Tobacco shred moves up under the action of the forces of the wind in the loose case of tobacco shred 9, netted conveyer belt 10 left-hand circular operates, shorter tobacco shred enters negative-pressure air-suction pipeline 8 through under netted conveyer belt 102 through the inlet scoop 5 of negative pressure sucking air pipe 8, then enter back in tangential feeder 15, longer tobacco shred absorption below 102 and along with netted conveyer belt 10 moves right, finally enters in long filament blanking box 13 under netted conveyer belt.
It is positioned under the netted conveyer belt on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred 9 upper surface of 102 to be provided with hairbrush 11 and air blown pipe 12 and hang over a small amount of tobacco shred on netted conveyer belt 10 for cleaning.The lower section of the loose case of tobacco shred 9 is provided with refuse collecting case 6, the foreign material such as the stalk label of heavier-weight in tobacco shred, stalk block can be collected, the malleation blowing provided by positive pressure fan 7 is upwardly into the loose case of tobacco shred 9 from tobacco shred loose case 9 both sides, at the loose case of tobacco shred 9 two grades of denuded zones formed below, the foreign material such as the stalk label fallen, stalk block are carried out light breeze choosing, make to be mixed in that the qualified tobacco shred of trace therein is signed with stalk, the foreign material such as stalk block are kept completely separate, and improve dust removal rate.

Claims (8)

1. a tobacco shred sorter, it is characterized in that: be made up of feed system and piece-rate system, described feed system includes jigging conveyer, charging cover, charging gas lock and the material casting band being sequentially connected with, and feeding gas lock is positioned at the lower section of charging cover, and material casting band is positioned at the lower section of charging gas lock;Described piece-rate system includes negative pressure sucking air pipe, netted conveyer belt, the loose case of tobacco shred and positive pressure fan from top to bottom, wherein, the inlet scoop of negative pressure sucking air pipe is between the upper and lower width of netted conveyer belt, and the lower width of netted conveyer belt is between the loose case in the inlet scoop of negative pressure sucking air pipe and tobacco shred and extends on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred;The left side central portion of the loose case of described tobacco shred connects with material casting band, and the bottom of the loose case of tobacco shred connects positive pressure fan;The right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and the lower section of width under netted conveyer belt is provided with long filament blanking box, the lower section of long filament blanking box connects long filament discharging gas lock.
2. tobacco shred sorter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air outlet of described negative pressure sucking air pipe is contacted with tangential feeder, negative-pressure air fan successively.
3. tobacco shred sorter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the lower section of the loose case of tobacco shred is provided with refuse collecting case.
4. tobacco shred sorter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described positive pressure fan is connected by the arranged on left and right sides in left and right malleation pipeline bottom loose with tobacco shred portion respectively.
5. tobacco shred sorter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is positioned at the upper surface of width under the netted conveyer belt on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and is provided with hairbrush.
6. tobacco shred sorter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is positioned at the upper surface of width under the netted conveyer belt on the right side of the loose case of tobacco shred and is provided with air blown pipe.
7. tobacco shred sorter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described material casting band tilts obliquely, and is 2.5 ~ 3.5 ° with the angle of horizontal plane.
8. the tobacco shred classification technique of the tobacco shred sorter that a kind utilizes described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: open positive pressure fan, tobacco shred is sent in charging cover by jigging conveyer, then tobacco shred falls on material casting band by charging gas lock, and tobacco shred is thrown in the loose case of tobacco shred by material casting band;Tobacco shred moves up under the action of the forces of the wind in the loose case of tobacco shred, shorter tobacco shred enters negative pressure sucking air pipe through the lower width of netted conveyer belt, longer tobacco shred adsorbs the lower surface of width under netted conveyer belt and along with netted conveyer belt moves right, and finally enters in long filament blanking box.
CN201510281446.0A 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 A kind of tobacco shred sorter and technique Active CN104983060B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105396782B (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-09-22 智思控股集团有限公司 Efficient pipe tobacco wind selection method and equipment
CN109984366A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 贵州中烟工业有限责任公司 Tobacco shred recycling device in stalk

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5027953A (en) * 1988-05-02 1991-07-02 Molterer Anton W Pneumatic plant-blade-from-stem separator
CN201182188Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-01-21 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Multilevel pneumatic separation device for rejecting silver from tobacco shred
CN202190720U (en) * 2011-07-20 2012-04-18 厦门烟草工业有限责任公司 Tobacco stalk impurity removing device
CN202222417U (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-05-23 江苏智思机械集团有限公司 Device for removing stick stems from tobacco shreds
CN103846224A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-06-11 武小松 Tobacco stem impurity removal machine
CN204742597U (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-11-11 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Pipe tobacco sorter

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5027953A (en) * 1988-05-02 1991-07-02 Molterer Anton W Pneumatic plant-blade-from-stem separator
CN201182188Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-01-21 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Multilevel pneumatic separation device for rejecting silver from tobacco shred
CN202190720U (en) * 2011-07-20 2012-04-18 厦门烟草工业有限责任公司 Tobacco stalk impurity removing device
CN202222417U (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-05-23 江苏智思机械集团有限公司 Device for removing stick stems from tobacco shreds
CN103846224A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-06-11 武小松 Tobacco stem impurity removal machine
CN204742597U (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-11-11 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Pipe tobacco sorter

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