CN104976052B - An adaptive wind machine - Google Patents

An adaptive wind machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104976052B
CN104976052B CN 201510368903 CN201510368903A CN104976052B CN 104976052 B CN104976052 B CN 104976052B CN 201510368903 CN201510368903 CN 201510368903 CN 201510368903 A CN201510368903 A CN 201510368903A CN 104976052 B CN104976052 B CN 104976052B
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CN
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Prior art keywords
blade
sleeve
wind turbine
sides
spindle
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CN 201510368903
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104976052A (en )
Inventor
冯放
李岩
郑玉芳
王绍龙
吴志诚
唐静
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东北农业大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • Y02P70/52Manufacturing of products or systems for producing renewable energy
    • Y02P70/523Wind turbines

Abstract

本发明公开了一种自适应式风力机,其特征在于,包括竖直设置的主轴,主轴上垂直设置有若干个法兰盘,每个法兰盘的两端分别连接有连杆,连杆上套设有套筒,套筒与连杆滑动连接,套筒活动连接有叶片;在每个法兰盘两侧的连杆、套筒和叶片均对称设置于主轴的两侧;叶片为密度不均匀弧形叶片段;套筒的长度自上而下呈由短到长,再由长到短分布;主轴两侧的叶片分别呈达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构分布。 The present invention discloses an adaptive type wind turbine, characterized in that it comprises a vertically disposed shaft, the shaft is provided vertically with a plurality of flanges, each flange ends are connected to connecting rod, the sleeve is provided with a sleeve slidably connected to the rod, movably connected with a sleeve blades; link, the sleeve and the flange on both sides of each of the blades are disposed symmetrically at both sides of the main shaft; leaf blade density non-uniform arcuate blade sections; top-down sleeve length was from short to long, then the distribution of long to short; Darrieus type blade on both sides of the main shaft of the wind turbine blade are distributed as a curved configuration. 本风力机加工容易,整机体积小,加工成本低,同时又具有达里厄型风力机的性能特性,对垂直轴风力机未来的发展和应用有很重要的意义。 This wind turbine is easily processed, the whole small size, low cost, while having a Darrieus type wind turbine performance characteristics, there is very important for the future development and application of a vertical axis wind turbine.

Description

~~种自适应式风力机 ~~ species adaptive wind turbine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于风力发电技术领域,具体涉及一种自适应式风力机。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of wind power generation, particularly relates to an adaptive-type wind turbine.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 典型的升力型风力机主要有达里厄型风力机和直线翼垂直轴风力机,相比较而言,直线翼垂直轴风力机叶片结构简单,加工容易,整机体积小,加工成本低,运输安装相对容易,但这种结构叶片旋转时离心力使叶片在中段位置产生很大的弯曲应力,容易造成叶片的损坏,而且其气动特性和风能利用率相对于达里厄型风力机有一定的不足。 [0002] A typical lift-type wind turbine with a Darrieus type wind turbine mainly linear and vertical axis wind turbine wing, comparison, simple linear vertical axis wind turbine blade airfoil structure, easy processing, whole small, processing costs low, transportation and installation is relatively easy, but such a structure of the blade by centrifugal force when the rotating blades have a great bending stress in the middle position, the blade likely to cause damage, and its aerodynamic characteristics and utilization of wind energy with respect to the Darrieus-type wind turbine has certain deficiencies. 而达里厄型风力机采用曲线形弯曲叶片,弯曲叶片只承受张力,不承受离心力载荷,弯曲应力最小, 可以以更高的速度运行,具有良好的的气动特性和较高的风能利用率,但是由于其特殊的曲线型叶片结构和陀螺型整机结构,使得其生产成本大大增加,制造工艺也相对复杂,并且其庞大的体积不便于运输和安装。 Darrieus wind machine the curved curved blades, curved blades only in tension, a load is not subjected to centrifugal forces, bending stress is minimized, can be run at a higher speed, has good aerodynamic properties and high utilization of wind energy, However, due to its special type blade structure and the whole structure gyroscope curved, so that its production cost is greatly increased, the manufacturing process is relatively complex, bulky, and it is not easy to transport and install.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]本发明的目的是提供一种自适应式风力机,解决了现有技术中存在的叶片容易损坏或者不承受离心力载荷的问题。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide an adaptive-type wind turbine, the blade prior art to solve the present problem of easily damaged or is not subjected to centrifugal loading.

[0004]本发明所采用的技术方案是,一种自适应式风力机,包括竖直设置的主轴,主轴上垂直设置有若干个法兰盘,每个法兰盘的两端分别连接有连杆,连杆上套设有套筒,套筒与连杆滑动连接,套筒活动连接有叶片;在每个法兰盘两侧的连杆、套筒和叶片对称均设置于主轴的两侧;叶片为密度不均匀弧形叶片段;套筒的长度自上而下呈由短到长,再由长到短分布;主轴两侧的叶片分别呈达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构分布。 [0004] The technical proposal of the present invention, an adaptive-type wind turbine, comprising a main shaft vertically disposed, is provided with a plurality of vertical flange on the spindle, both ends of each flange are connected even connecting rods, the sleeve is provided with a sleeve slidably connected to the rod, movably connected with a sleeve blades; link on both sides of each flange, the sleeve and the vanes are disposed symmetrically on both sides of the spindle ; leaves density unevenness arcuate blade sections; top-down sleeve length was from short to long, then the distribution of long to short; leaf blade are distributed on both sides of the spindle as a Darrieus wind turbine blade curvilinear structure .

[0005]本发明的特点还在于: [0005] The features of the present invention is further characterized by:

[0006]沿主轴自上而下至最长的套筒处,叶片为上端密度大,下端密度小的弧形叶片段; 沿主轴自最长的套筒处向下,叶片为下端密度大,上端密度小的弧形叶片段。 [0006] from top to bottom along the main axis of the sleeve to a maximum at the upper end of the blade for the large density, low density lower arcuate blade sections; downwardly, the lower end of the blade is along the main axis from the density at the longest sleeve, low density arcuate upper blade section.

[0007]法兰盘的两端均通过第一螺钉和第一螺母固定连接有连杆。 [0007] The two ends of the flange are fixedly connected with the first link through a first screw and a nut.

[ooos]叶片上设置有固定片,套筒通过第二螺钉和第二螺母与固定片活动连接。 [Ooos] fixing piece is provided with a sleeve connected by a second screw and a second nut fixed to the blade plate activity.

[0009]本发明的有益效果是:叶片采用密度不均匀直叶片段合成,连接叶片段的梁采用可伸缩式自由滑动连杆和套筒,风力机在旋转过程中,叶片自适应形成达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构,这种风力机加工容易,整机体积小,加工成本低,同时又具有达里厄型风力机的性能特性,对垂直轴风力机未来的发展和应用有很重要的意义。 [0009] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: blade using a straight blade segment synthesis density unevenness, the connection beams of blade sections slidably retractable rod and the sleeve, during the rotation of the wind turbine, formed of blades in the adaptive luer curved wind turbine blade structure, such wind machines is easily processed, the whole small size, low cost, while having properties characteristic of the Darrieus-type wind turbine, there are on the future development and application of a vertical axis wind turbine Significance.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010]图1是本发明自适应式风力机的结构示意图。 [0010] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the adaptive wind turbine of the present invention.

[0011]图中,1.叶片,2.螺钉,3•法兰盘,4.连杆,5.螺母,6.螺钉,7.螺母,8.主轴,9.固定片,10.套筒。 [0011] FIG, 1 vanes, 2 screw, 3 • flange 4 connecting rod, 5 nut 6 Screw 7 Nut, 8. Spindle 9 fixing piece 10 of the sleeve .

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0012]下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明进行详细说明。 [0012] The present invention will be described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0013]本发明提供一种自适应式风力机,如图1所示,包括竖直设置的主轴8,主轴8上垂直设置有若干个法兰盘3,每个法兰盘3的两端分别连接有连杆4,连杆4上套设有套筒1〇,套筒10与连杆4滑动连接,套筒10活动连接有叶片1;在每个法兰盘3两侧的连杆4、套筒1〇^叶片1对称设置于主轴8的两侧;叶片1为密度不均匀弧形叶片段;套筒10的长度自上而下呈由短到长,再由长到短分布;主轴8两侧的叶片1分别呈达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构分布。 [0013] The present invention provides an adaptive wind turbine shown in Figure 1, comprises a vertically disposed main shaft 8, the spindle 8 is provided with a plurality of vertical flange 3, both ends of each of the flanges 3 4 are connected to a link, the link 4 is provided on the sleeve 1〇 sleeve, the sliding sleeve 10 and the rod 4 is connected, movably connected with a sleeve 10 of the blade 1; 3 at both sides of each flange link 4, the blade 1 ^ 1〇 sleeve disposed symmetrically at both sides of the main shaft 8; 1 is the density unevenness arcuate blade blade section; top-down length of the sleeve 10 was from short to long, then the distribution of long to short ; blade 8 are distributed on both sides of the spindle 1 as a Darrieus wind turbine blade curvilinear configuration. [0014]沿主轴8自上而下至最长的套筒1〇处,叶片1为上端密度大,下端密度小的弧形叶片段;沿主轴8自最长的套筒10处向下,叶片1为下端密度大,上端密度小的弧形叶片段。 [0014] 8 from top to bottom along the major axis to the longest 1〇 sleeve at the upper end of the blade 1 is large density, low density lower arcuate blade sections; downwardly along the main shaft 8 from sleeve 10 longest, 1 is a large leaf density lower end, the upper end of the small density arcuate blade sections. [0015]法兰盘3的两端均通过第一螺钉2和第一螺母5固定连接有连杆4。 Both ends of the [0015] flange are 3 and 2 through the first screw nut 5 fixed to the first rod 4 is connected. 叶片1上设置有固定片9,套筒10通过第二螺钉6和第二螺母7与固定片9活动连接。 9 is provided with a fixing piece, the sleeve 107 connected to the fixing plate 9 activities by the second screw 6 and the second nut 1 on the blade.

[0016]本装置的使用方法是:将本装置沿主轴8插设于地面上,风力机在旋转过程中,沿主轴8自上而下至最长的套筒10处,叶片1为上端密度大,下端密度小的弧形叶片段;沿主轴8自最长的套筒10处向下,叶片1为下端密度大,上端密度小的弧形叶片段,在主轴8—侧的叶片1会自动形成达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构,在主轴8的另一侧叶片1同样会形成曲线形结构;同时,套筒10与连杆4滑动连接,本装置会随着风力的大小,改变套筒10与连杆4 的总长度,进而改变曲线形的大小。 [0016] The use of this device is: the unit along the main shaft 8 is inserted on the ground, during rotation, from top to bottom at 8 to the longest sleeve 10 along the major axis wind turbine, the blade 1 is the density of the upper end large and small density lower arcuate blade sections; 8 from the spindle axis at the longest sleeve 10 downwardly, the lower end of the blade 1 is large density, low density arcuate upper blade segment, the blade side of the spindle 1 will 8- automatic Darrieus type wind turbine blade forming curved structures, on the other side of the main shaft 8 of the blade 1 will also form a curved structure; the same time, the slide sleeve 10 is connected to the rod 4, it will be the size of the present apparatus with the wind, changing the total length of the sleeve 10 and the rod 4, thereby changing the size of the curvilinear. 这样,风力机在旋转过程中,叶片段自适应形成达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构,这种风力机加工容易,整机体积小,加工成本低,同时又具有达里厄型风力机的性能特性,对垂直轴风力机未来的发展和应用有很重要的意义。 Thus, during rotation of the wind turbine, the blade segments are formed adaptive Darrieus type wind turbine blade curvilinear configuration, such wind machines is easily processed, the whole small size, low cost, while having a Darrieus type wind turbine performance characteristics, there are very important for the future development and application of a vertical axis wind turbine.

[0017]上面结合附图对本发明的实施方式作了详细说明,但本发明并不限于上述实施方式,在本领域的普通技术人员所具备的知识范围内,还可以对其作出种种变化。 [0017] The above been described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, within the ordinary skill in the art possess knowledge of the range, but also various changes may be made thereto.

Claims (1)

  1. 1. 一种自适应式风力机,包括竖直设置的主轴(8),所述主轴(8)上垂直设置有若干个法兰盘⑶,每个法兰盘⑶的两端分别连接有连杆⑷,所述连杆(4)上套设有套筒(1〇),套筒(10)与连杆(4)滑动连接,所述套商(10)活动连接有叶片(1);在每个法兰盘〇两侧的连杆(4)、套筒(10)和叶片(1)对称设置于主轴(8)的两侧;所述叶片(1)为密度不均匀弧形叶片段•,所述套筒(10)的长度自上而下呈由短到长,再由长到短分布;主轴(8)两侧的叶片(1;) 分别呈达里厄型风力机叶片曲线形结构分布,其特征在于:沿主轴(S)自上而下至最长的套筒(10)处,叶片⑴为上端密度大,下端密度小的弧形叶片段;沿主轴(8)自最长的套筒(1(J 处向下,叶片(1)为下端密度大,上端密度小的弧形叶片段。 An adaptive wind turbine, comprising a spindle (8) vertically disposed, vertically arranged on the spindle (8) with a plurality of ⑶ flange, both ends of each of the flanges are connected even ⑶ rod ⑷, said rod (4) provided on the sleeve jacket (1〇), the sleeve (10) and the rod (4) slidably connected to said sleeve supplier (10) movably connected with a blade (1); sides (4), the sleeve (10) and the blades (1) disposed symmetrically on both sides of the square spindle rod each flange (8); said blade (1) is the density unevenness arcuate leaf • fragment, said sleeve (10) form a top-down length from short to long, then the distribution of long to short; blade spindle (8) on both sides (1;), respectively, as a Darrieus-type wind turbine blade distribution of curved configuration, wherein: the spindle axis (S) to a maximum of a top-down sleeve (10) at the upper end of the blade ⑴ large density, low density lower arcuate blade sections; along the spindle (8) since the longest sleeve (1 (J downwardly, the blade (1) to lower high density, low density arcuate upper blade section.
CN 201510368903 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 An adaptive wind machine CN104976052B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4329116A (en) * 1978-10-06 1982-05-11 Olle Ljungstrom Wind turbine of cross-flow type
CN101657636A (en) * 2007-02-13 2010-02-24 螺旋风公司 Wind-driven electricity generation device with savonius rotor
CN102606401A (en) * 2012-03-21 2012-07-25 重庆大学 Vertical axis wind turbine and turning radius adjusting mechanism of paddles of vertical axis wind turbine
CN103511179A (en) * 2012-06-21 2014-01-15 邓允河 Wind wheel structure of vertical axis wind turbine and installation method thereof
CN203717235U (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-07-16 深圳市宝联风光热能源科技有限公司 Multilayer unfolding-wing swinging-blade type vertical shaft wind power generating unit

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100933790B1 (en) * 2008-07-31 2009-12-24 윤양일 Vertical axis type darrieus windmill
US20110081243A1 (en) * 2009-10-02 2011-04-07 Sullivan John T Helical airfoil wind turbines

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4329116A (en) * 1978-10-06 1982-05-11 Olle Ljungstrom Wind turbine of cross-flow type
CN101657636A (en) * 2007-02-13 2010-02-24 螺旋风公司 Wind-driven electricity generation device with savonius rotor
CN102606401A (en) * 2012-03-21 2012-07-25 重庆大学 Vertical axis wind turbine and turning radius adjusting mechanism of paddles of vertical axis wind turbine
CN103511179A (en) * 2012-06-21 2014-01-15 邓允河 Wind wheel structure of vertical axis wind turbine and installation method thereof
CN203717235U (en) * 2014-01-22 2014-07-16 深圳市宝联风光热能源科技有限公司 Multilayer unfolding-wing swinging-blade type vertical shaft wind power generating unit

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