CN104961232A - Vertical integral sewage treatment plant - Google Patents

Vertical integral sewage treatment plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104961232A
CN104961232A CN201510332597.4A CN201510332597A CN104961232A CN 104961232 A CN104961232 A CN 104961232A CN 201510332597 A CN201510332597 A CN 201510332597A CN 104961232 A CN104961232 A CN 104961232A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
zone
anaerobic
mud
aerobic
treating apparatus
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Pending
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CN201510332597.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁峙
梁骁
马捷
王明园
肖扬
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Xuzhou University of Technology
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Xuzhou University of Technology
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Application filed by Xuzhou University of Technology filed Critical Xuzhou University of Technology
Priority to CN201510332597.4A priority Critical patent/CN104961232A/en
Publication of CN104961232A publication Critical patent/CN104961232A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a vertical integral sewage treatment plant which comprises an anaerobic zone, an aerobic zone and a settling zone. The outer settling zone, the middle aerobic zone and the inner anaerobic zone are of three mutually nested combined structures with sleeves; sewage can flow into the anaerobic zone via a water inlet pipe, the sewage and active sludge in the anaerobic zone can be mixed with each other to be subjected to anaerobic degradation, and then the sewage flows into the aerobic zone via the top of the anaerobic zone in an overflow manner; a three-phase separator is arranged on the top of the aerobic zone and the top of the anaerobic zone, gas and liquid can be separated from each other by the three-phase separator, and generated gas can be exhausted out of a system from an exhaust pipe; an aerating apparatus is arranged on the lower portion of the aerobic zone, so that the sewage can be aerobically degraded; the aerobic zone is communicated with the bottom of the settling zone, aerated sewage can flow into the settling zone from the bottom of the aerobic zone and moves upwardly, the sludge is downwardly fed into a sludge gathering zone, and accordingly solid and the liquid can be separated from each other; an annular water collecting zone is arranged on the top of the settling zone and is connected with a water outlet pipe, and treated supernatant water can flow out of the vertical integral sewage treatment plant via the water outlet pipe.

Description

A kind of vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rural area that is applicable to live scattered the integrated apparatus of type sewage disposal, belong to field of environment protection.
Background technology
Along with expanding economy, widely using and the increase of domestic sewage in rural areas quantity discharged of agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, a large amount of nitrogenous and other biological nutrients matter is made constantly to enter river and Hu Ku, water body eutrophication degree is increased the weight of, current China country sewage quantity discharged is large and the effective processing rate of sewage is low, water pollution is serious, and process is difficult to be up to state standards.
Although China has taken a large amount of measure and has solved Rural Water Pollution problem, the problem such as there is capital construction cost and running cost is higher, processing efficiency has much room for improvement in technical equipment.The rural sewage treatment equipment of China also also exists the shortcomings such as efficiency is low, energy consumption is high, maintenance rate is high, level of automation is low.Although along with the quickening of reform and opening-up paces, China has also introduced some external equipment, but the very expensive development being unfavorable for China's rural sewage treatment equipment manufacture industry of these equipment prices.It is low that the present invention has cost, and simply effectively, level of automation is high, be suitable for rural area etc. live scattered type resident family use advantage.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of effectively simple, the rural sewage treatment system of processing ease.
The present invention is the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above employing: a kind of vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus, and device comprises anaerobic zone, aerobic zone and settling region; Three described districts are three mutually nested unitized constructions of sleeve, wherein, set gradually settling region, aerobic zone and anaerobic zone from outside to inside; Sewage is flowed into bottom anaerobic zone by water inlet pipe, mixes carry out anaerobic degradation with active sludge in anaerobic zone, by overflow manner through inflow aerobic zone, top, anaerobic zone; Aerobic zone and top, anaerobic zone are provided with triphase separator, and for gas-liquid separation, the gas of generation discharges system from vapor pipe; Bottom, aerobic zone is provided with aerating apparatus; Aerobic zone communicates with bottom settling region; Top, settling region is provided with annular catchment area, and annular catchment area is connected with rising pipe; It is mud Nesting Zone bottom settling region.
Further, described anaerobic zone is the passage of a upper and lower connection, and passage upper end is communicated with described aerobic zone, and passage lower end is connected with mud Nesting Zone by the anti-recoil device of a mud.
Further, the anti-recoil device of described mud is that middle part is wide, the hollow structure that two is narrow.
Further, the blade diameter length ratio of described anaerobic zone passage is 1:4 ~ 8.
Further, the bottom of described aerobic zone is provided with mud flow deflector, forms sludge settling passage between the outer wall of described mud flow deflector and the anti-recoil device of described mud.
Further, described aerating apparatus comprises main intake ducting, circulating line, jet thrust, and wherein, main intake ducting is communicated with circulating line, and circulating line is provided with more than one jet thrust.
Further, described jet thrust is porous air blowing aluminium alloy structure.
Further, described settling region is structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom.
Further, the bottom centre of described mud Nesting Zone is provided with shore pipe.
The beneficial effect of the vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus of the present invention:
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The first, the anti-recoil device of mud is housed bottom anaerobic zone, for middle part is wide, the hollow structure that two is narrow.The external structure that top is up-narrow and down-wide and flow deflector form sludge settling passage, are conducive to mud and are separated with water; The external structure that bottom is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, can prevent when mud enters mud Nesting Zone mud from recoiling and float; The aging zoogloea that hollow structure makes sewage produce in the reaction of anaerobic zone sinks to entering mud Nesting Zone, effectively improves sludge treatment effect.
The second, aerobic zone is provided with flow deflector, and forms sludge settling passage between the anti-recoil device of mud bottom anaerobic zone, is conducive to the mud impurity after aerobic treatment and enters mud Nesting Zone, enhance wastewater treatment efficiency.
Three, aerating apparatus provides enough oxygen for the microorganism in active sludge and microbial film, guarantees microbic activity.
Four, system head is provided with annular catchment area, is convenient to the supernatant water after processing and collects discharge.
Five, settling region shape-designing is structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, improves the sedimentation effect of solid substance in sewage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of the vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus described in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the cut-away view of the vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus described in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the aerating apparatus structure iron of vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the anti-recoil apparatus structure schematic diagram of mud of vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus of the present invention;
Wherein, 1 is water inlet pipe, and 2 is the anti-recoil device of mud, 3 is shore pipe, and 4 is flow deflector, and 5 is aeration tube, 5-1 is air inlet main pipeline, and 5-2 is circulating line, and 5-3 is jet thrust, 6 is anaerobic zone, and 7 is aerobic zone, and 8 is settling region, 9 is triphase separator, and 10 is annular catchment area, and 11 is vapor pipe, 12 is rising pipe, and 13 is pool wall, and 14 is mud Nesting Zone.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus provided by the invention is further described.
As shown in Figure 2, for vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus schematic diagram provided by the invention is made up of three parts from inside to outside, internal layer is anaerobic zone 6, middle level is aerobic zone 7, skin is settling region 8.Sewage flows into from water inlet pipe 1, mixes carry out anaerobic degradation with active sludge in anaerobic zone 6, and the anti-recoil device 2 of mud is housed bottom it.Sewage is through inflow aerobic zone, top, anaerobic zone 67; Aerobic zone 7 and top, anaerobic zone 6 are provided with triphase separator 9, and carry out gas-liquid separation, the gas of generation discharges system from vapor pipe 11; Bottom, aerobic zone 7 is provided with aerating apparatus 5; Aerobic zone 7 communicates with bottom settling region 8, and the sewage after Air Exposure enters settling region 8 from bottom and moves upward, and mud is under the effect of baffle at bottom 4, enters mud Nesting Zone 14 downwards, realizes solid-liquid separation.Top, settling region 8 is provided with annular catchment area 10, is connected with rising pipe 12, and the supernatant water after process flows out through rising pipe 12.
Settling region 8 shape-designing is bucket type structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, improves the sedimentation effect of solid substance in sewage.
As shown in Figure 3, aerating apparatus 5 is made up of main intake ducting 5-1, circulating line 5-2, jet thrust 5-3.Main intake ducting 5-1 is communicated with circulating line 5-2, and circulating line 5-2 is provided with more than one jet thrust 5-3, and jet thrust is the jet shower nozzle of porous air blowing aluminium alloy.This device can ensure the demand of aerobic zone 7 aeration rate, in active sludge and microbial film, microbial growth provides enough oxygen, guarantees microbic activity.
As shown in Figure 4, for the bottom schematic view of vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus provided by the invention, form sludge settling passage between the anti-recoil device 2 of mud bottom the flow deflector 4 be provided with bottom system aerobic zone 7 and anaerobic zone 6, be conducive to the sludge settling after aerobic treatment to mud Nesting Zone 14; Communicate with mud Nesting Zone 14 bottom anaerobic zone 6, the aging zoogloea produced after the process of anaerobic zone sinks to entering mud Nesting Zone by the hollow structure of the anti-recoil device 2 of mud.Zoogloea is active sludge and biomembranous important component part, has the organic ability of stronger adsorption and oxidation, and aging zoogloea is owing to having adsorbed much impurity, and density ratio water is large.Anaerobic zone passage blade diameter length ratio is 1:4 ~ 8, hollow structure for anaerobism influential effect in allowed band; Enhance wastewater treatment efficiency.

Claims (9)

1. a vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus, comprises anaerobic zone (6), aerobic zone (7) and settling region (8); It is characterized in that: three described districts are three mutually nested unitized constructions of sleeve, wherein, set gradually settling region (8), aerobic zone (7) and anaerobic zone (6) from outside to inside; Sewage is flowed into from anaerobic zone (6) bottom by water inlet pipe (1), mixes carry out anaerobic degradation, by overflow manner through inflow aerobic zone, anaerobic zone (6) top (7) with active sludge in anaerobic zone (6); Aerobic zone (7) and anaerobic zone (6) top are provided with triphase separator (9), and for gas-liquid separation, the gas of generation discharges system from vapor pipe (11); Aerobic zone (7) bottom is provided with aerating apparatus (5); Aerobic zone (7) communicates with settling region (8) bottom; Settling region (8) top is provided with annular catchment area (10), and annular catchment area (10) are connected with rising pipe (12); Bottom, settling region (8) is mud Nesting Zone (14).
2. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described anaerobic zone (6) is the passage of a upper and lower connection, passage upper end is communicated with described aerobic zone (7), and passage lower end is connected with mud Nesting Zone (14) by the anti-recoil device of a mud (2).
3. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the anti-recoil device of described mud (2) for middle part wide, the hollow structure that two is narrow.
4. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the blade diameter length ratio of described anaerobic zone passage is 1:4 ~ 8.
5. according to described vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus arbitrary in claim 2 ~ 4, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described aerobic zone (7) is provided with mud flow deflector (4), forms sludge settling passage between the outer wall of described mud flow deflector (4) and the anti-recoil device of described mud (2).
6. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described aerating apparatus (5) comprises main intake ducting (5-1), circulating line (5-2), jet thrust (5-3), wherein, main intake ducting (5-1) is communicated with circulating line (5-2), and circulating line (5-2) is provided with more than one jet thrust (5-3).
7. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described jet thrust (5-3) is porous air blowing aluminium alloy structure.
8. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described settling region (8) are structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom.
9. vertical integrated sewage treating apparatus according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the bottom centre of described mud Nesting Zone (14) is provided with shore pipe (3).
CN201510332597.4A 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Vertical integral sewage treatment plant Pending CN104961232A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510332597.4A CN104961232A (en) 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Vertical integral sewage treatment plant

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510332597.4A CN104961232A (en) 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Vertical integral sewage treatment plant

Publications (1)

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CN104961232A true CN104961232A (en) 2015-10-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109133349A (en) * 2018-08-25 2019-01-04 中持水务股份有限公司 AO integrated reaction equipment suitable for garbage leachate wastewater processing
CN111995054A (en) * 2020-09-14 2020-11-27 兰州交通大学 Sewage treatment device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0760274A (en) * 1993-08-31 1995-03-07 Mitsui Constr Co Ltd Water treatment equipment
CN1887739A (en) * 2006-07-28 2007-01-03 重庆大学 Active sludge-biomembrane compounding integral sewage treating method and apparatus
CN102107947A (en) * 2011-01-19 2011-06-29 重庆大学 Aeration biological filter chamber facility
CN204752323U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-11-11 徐州工程学院 Vertical integrative sewage treatment device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0760274A (en) * 1993-08-31 1995-03-07 Mitsui Constr Co Ltd Water treatment equipment
CN1887739A (en) * 2006-07-28 2007-01-03 重庆大学 Active sludge-biomembrane compounding integral sewage treating method and apparatus
CN102107947A (en) * 2011-01-19 2011-06-29 重庆大学 Aeration biological filter chamber facility
CN204752323U (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-11-11 徐州工程学院 Vertical integrative sewage treatment device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109133349A (en) * 2018-08-25 2019-01-04 中持水务股份有限公司 AO integrated reaction equipment suitable for garbage leachate wastewater processing
CN111995054A (en) * 2020-09-14 2020-11-27 兰州交通大学 Sewage treatment device

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Application publication date: 20151007