CN104953654A - Intelligent battery management system adopting single-chip microcomputer control - Google Patents

Intelligent battery management system adopting single-chip microcomputer control Download PDF

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CN104953654A
CN104953654A CN201510333373.5A CN201510333373A CN104953654A CN 104953654 A CN104953654 A CN 104953654A CN 201510333373 A CN201510333373 A CN 201510333373A CN 104953654 A CN104953654 A CN 104953654A
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connected
module
battery
resistor
control
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CN201510333373.5A
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屈晓渊
谢静
李欣欣
王莉娜
杨宏斌
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屈晓渊
谢静
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent battery management system adopting single-chip microcomputer control. The intelligent battery management system comprises a single-chip microcomputer control module, a charge/discharge module, a voltage detection module, a state detection module, a system self-detection module, a temperature control module, a battery switching module and an alarm indication module, wherein the single-chip microcomputer control module is used for realizing charge/discharge control, battery switchover control, temperature control, battery detection control and alarm indication control; the charge/discharge module consists of a charging circuit and a discharging circuit and is used for realizing charging and discharging of rechargeable batteries; the voltage detection module is used for performing real-time detection on voltages at two ends of each rechargeable battery; the alarm indication module is used for giving out an alarm prompt if the system or a certain module is in abnormal operation. By virtue of adopting the structure, the intelligent battery management system is capable of improving the application performance of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries and prolonging the service lives of the nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries.

Description

一种采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统 Smart battery management system using one kind of one-chip microcomputer control

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及电池智能管理领域,具体是一种采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of intelligent management of the battery, in particular a smart battery management system using a single-chip microcomputer controls.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 镍镉充电电池作为一种碱性电池,对使用、管理和维护都有特殊要求,如果管理不善、使用不当或维护不及时,很容易导致电池老化、失效甚至是报废。 [0002] Ni-Cd batteries as a rechargeable alkaline battery, use, management and maintenance have special requirements, if not managed properly, not timely maintenance or improper use, easily lead to aging of the battery, or even failure scrapped. 目前,镍镉充电电池在使用和管理上存在一定的盲目性和随意性,导致镍镉充电电池的使用效能较低,使用寿命也较短。 At present, nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries in the present use and management of certain blindness and randomness, resulting in a lower use efficiency of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries, the service life is shorter.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本案例的目的在于提供一种采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统。 [0003] The object of the present case is to provide a smart battery management system using a single-chip microcomputer controls. 通过对镍镉充电电池的自动管理,有效消除镍镉充电电池使用管理上的盲目性和随意性,提高镍镉充电电池的使用效能,延长镍镉充电电池的使用寿命。 By automatic management of nickel cadmium rechargeable batteries, the effective elimination of blindness and randomness on nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery management, improve the effectiveness of the use of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries, to extend the service life of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries.

[0004] 本发明是这样实现的:该采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统包括:单片机控制模块、充放电模块、电压检测模块、状态检测模块、系统自检模块、温度控制模块、电池切换模块、报警指示模块; [0004] The present invention is implemented as follows: The single-chip microcomputer controls the intelligent battery management system comprising: a control module SCM, discharge module, voltage detection module, the state detection module, the system self-check module, a temperature control module, a battery a switching module, an alarm indication module;

[0005] 单片机控制模块用于实现对充放电控制、电池切换控制、温度控制、电池检测控制和报警指示控制,对数据进行运算和处理以及信息交换;充放电模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于实现充电电池的充电和放电;电压检测模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于对充电电池两端的电压进行实时检测;状态检测模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于检测电池是否存在故障或是否反接;系统自检模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于检测电池智能管理系统本身是否存在故障;温度控制模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于对电池存放环境稳定进行监测控制;电池切换模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于通过电源/电池柜的供电实现电池单体间的自动切换或手动切换;报警指示模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于实现系统或某个模块工作不正常,则发出报警提 [0005] SCM control module for implementing control of charge and discharge, the battery switching control, temperature control, and the battery detection control alarm indicator control, data processing and information exchange and calculation; SCM control module and discharge module is connected, with to achieve the charging and discharging of the rechargeable battery; and a voltage detection module SCM control module is connected to a voltage across the rechargeable battery detected in real time; status detection module and a control module connected to the microcontroller, for detecting whether there is a failure or whether the battery reverse; system self-test module and the SCM control module is connected to the battery for detecting whether there is a fault intelligent management system itself; and a temperature control module SCM control module is connected, for monitoring the battery storage stable environmental control; battery switching module the microcontroller is connected to a control module for automatic switching between the battery cells achieved by manual switching or power supply / battery enclosure; alarm indication module and control module is connected to the microcontroller, or a module for implementing the system is not working properly, an alarm mention .

[0006] 本发明还采取如下技术措施: [0006] The present invention adopt the following technical measures:

[0007] 所述单片机控制模块包括:单片机本体用于数据的运算和处理;温度控制器与单片机本体相连接,用于检测电源的温度,并将温度传送到单片机本体;故障报警模块与单片机本体相连接,用于检测各模块的报警信息,并将报警信息传送到单片机本体;自动管理模块与单片机本体相连接,用于对单片机本体中的数据进行管理,实现充放电指示和状态指示;系统自检模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现单片机本体的自动检测;电池检测模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现对电池的电压和电流实现检测;电池切换模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现电源的切换功能;维护保养模块与单片机本体相连接,实现对单片机本体的容量恢复激活处理。 [0007] The SCM control module comprises: a body microcontroller for computation and processing data; temperature controller is connected to the body with the microcontroller for detecting the temperature of the power supply, and the body temperature is transmitted to the microcontroller; microcontroller fault alarm module body It is connected to each module for detecting alarm information, and alarm information is transmitted to the microcontroller body; automatic management module body connected with the microcontroller, the microcontroller for data management in the body, and indicates the charge-discharge status indication; system introspection module body connected with the microcontroller, for automatically detecting the SCM body; detecting cell module body and is connected to the microcontroller, for realizing the voltage and current of the battery enable detection; battery switching module body connected with the microcontroller, for to achieve power switching function; maintenance module body connected with the microcontroller, the microcontroller on the capacity of the body to achieve activation process restored.

[0008] 所述充放电模块包括:用于检测主电路输出电压的电压检测电路,用于检测主电路电流的电流检测电路,与电压检测电路和电流检测电路连接的控制电路模块,与控制电路模块连接用于驱动充电器主电路的驱动模块,与控制电路模块连接用于检测网侧电压的电压检测模块,与控制电路模块连接用于充电参数显示的显示电路,与控制电路模块连接用于参数输入的键盘电路。 [0008] The discharge module comprises: a voltage detection circuit for detecting an output voltage of the main circuit, a current detection circuit for detecting a current of the main circuit, a control circuit module connected to the voltage detection circuit and the current detecting circuit, the control circuit a charger connected to the drive module drive module main circuit, connected to the control circuit module for detecting a network side voltage of the voltage detection module, the control circuit module is connected to the display circuit displays the charging parameters, and a control circuit module for connection parameter input keyboard circuit.

[0009] 所述电池切换模块包括控制驱动电路和继电器组成的切换电路阵列组成;二极管的输出端与继电器Kl的一端与电源相连接,二极管的输入端与继电器Kl的另一端连通后与三极管Ql的基极相连接,三极管Ql的集电极与电阻Rl的首段相连接,三极管Ql的发射集接地;电阻Rl的末端与电源Ul的输出端相连接,电源Ul的输入端与变压器的输出端Dl-1相连接,变压器的输入端Cl-1通过转换开关JCl相连接;每个切换电路单元对应一个电池单体,驱动电路主要由反向器74LS04和三极管S9013组成,受Pl 口输出的控制信号控制,对继电器的开、闭状态进行控制,采用可同时转换两路信号的双触电继电器4137,实现对充放电回路和电池状态检测回路同时进行切换,利用外部中断INTl的中断控制功能,并通过单片机的P3.6对两个切换按键状态进行检测判断,同时利用“上移”和“下 [0009] The switching module comprises a battery switching circuit controls the driving circuit and an array composed of relays; diode output of relay Kl is connected to one end of the power supply, the other end of the input terminal and the relay Kl communication with the diode transistor Ql is connected to the base, the first segment is connected to the collector of transistor Ql and the resistor Rl, the emission current of transistor Ql is grounded; Ul output terminal of the power supply terminal of the resistor Rl is connected to the input terminal and the output terminal of the transformer of the power supply Ul Dl-1 is connected to the input terminals of the transformer Cl-1 is connected through the switch JCL; each switching circuit corresponding to a battery cell unit, driven by the inverter main circuit and a transistor 74LS04 composition S9013, the control-output port Pl signal control, the relay is open, control is performed closed state, use may be simultaneous switching of two signals bis shock relay 4137, to achieve the charging and discharging circuit and the battery state detection circuit is switched at the same time, external interrupt INTl interrupt control functions, and Analyzing two detecting state by the toggle P3.6 microcontroller, while using the "move Up" and "lower ”按键,实现电池单体间的手工切换。 "Button, to achieve manually switch between the battery cells.

[0010] 充放电模块包括充电电路和放电电路,电池正极分别于电阻R3、电阻R4的首段相连接,电阻R3与三极管Q3的发射极相连接,三极管Q3的集电极与三极管Q2的基极相连接,三极管Q3的基极与三极管Q2的集电极相连接,三极管Q2的发射极与电阻R2的首端相连接,电阻R2的末端与三极管Ql的基极相连接,三极管Ql的集电极与电阻Rl的首端相连接,三极管Ql的发射极接地,电阻Rl的末端与电源U9A相连接,构成充电电路;电阻R4的末端与三极管Q5的基极相连接,三极管Q5的集电极与电阻R6的首端相连接,三极管Q5的发射极接地,二极管R6的末端与三极管Q4的发射极相连接,三极管Q4的基极与5V电源相连接,三极管Q4的集电极与电阻R5的首端相连接,电阻R5的末端与电源U9B相连接,构成放电电路。 [0010] charge-discharge circuit module comprises a charge and discharge circuit, respectively Cathode resistor R3, a resistor R4 is connected to the first section, the resistor R3 and the emitter of transistor Q3 is connected to the collector of the transistor Q2 and the base of the transistor Q3 are connected to the base of transistor Q3 is connected to the collector of the transistor Q2, the emitter of transistor Q2 is connected to the first terminal of resistor R2, the transistor Ql and the base end of the resistor R2 is connected to the source, the collector of transistor Ql the first end of resistor Rl is connected, the emitter of transistor Ql is grounded, and the power supply terminal of resistor Rl is connected to U9A, constituting the charging circuit; end of the resistor R4 to the base of transistor Q5 is connected to the collector of transistor Q5 and resistor R6 first end connected to the emitter of transistor Q5 is grounded, the diode of the transistor emitter tip R6 Q4 is connected to base of the transistor Q4 is connected to a 5V power supply, the first end connected to the collector of the transistor Q4 and the resistor R5 of , the end of resistor R5 is connected to the power supply U9B, constitute a discharge circuit.

[0011] 所述的温度控制模块包括温度传感器、轴流风扇及控制电路;轴流风扇上设置有童锁模块,温度传感器通过用户设定的参数和检测到的数据计算出电源的的节能方式;控制电路通过标准工业RS485总线进行集中控制,组成智能实时控制网络。 [0011] The temperature control module comprises a temperature sensor, an axial fan and a control circuit; child lock module provided with a temperature sensor parameters set by the user and the detected data calculated by the power saving mode of the axial flow fan ; centralized control by the control circuit industry standard RS485 bus, consisting intelligent real-time control network.

[0012] 所述的报警指示模块包括蜂鸣器和数码管显示器,蜂鸣器用于发出报警声,数码管显示器用于显示故障模块代码。 The [0012] warning indicator module comprises a buzzer and a digital display, a buzzer alarm sound, digital display for displaying the fault module code.

[0013] 所述的电池电压检测电路包括:电池JCl的正极分别于电阻R14、电阻R15、电阻R16、电阻R17、电阻R18相连接,电阻R14的另一端与运算放大器U2A的反向输入端相连接,电阻R15的另一端与与运算放大器U2B的反向输入端相连接,电阻R16的另一端与与运算放大器U2C的同向输入端相连接,电阻R17的另一端与与运算放大器UD2的同向输入端相连接,电阻R18的另一端与与运算放大器U3A的同向输入端相连接;运算放大器U2A的同向输入端与电阻R9相连接,电阻R9的领域断分别于电阻RlO的首段、电阻R8的首段、二极管Dl的输入端、二极管D2的输出端、三级稳压器Ul的输出端相连接,运算放大器U2B的同向输入端与二极管RlO的末端、电阻Rll的首端相连接,运算放大器U2C的反向输入端与电阻Rll的末端、电阻R12的首端相连接,运算放大器UD2的反向输入端与电阻R12的末端、电阻R13的首端 [0013] The battery voltage detection circuit comprising: a positive electrode of the battery respectively JCl resistor R14, resistor R15, resistor R16, resistor R17, resistor R18 is connected to the other end of the operational amplifier U2A is an inverting input terminal of resistor R14 , and the other end of the resistor R15 and the operational amplifier U2B inverted input terminal, connecting the other end of the resistor R16 and the operational amplifier U2C with the input end, the other end of the resistor R17 and the operational amplifier with UD2 It is connected to the input terminal, connecting the other end of the resistor R18 and the operational amplifier U3A to the input terminal of the same; the operational amplifier U2A is connected with the input terminal and the resistor R9, the first section of the field-off resistance of the resistor R9, respectively, of RlO , first paragraph, of the input of the diode Dl, the output terminal of the diode D2, the three voltage regulator Ul resistor R8 is connected to the output terminal of the operational amplifier U2B with the input end of the diode RlO, the first end of the resistor Rll is connected to the inverting input terminal of the operational amplifier U2C and resistor Rll, the first terminal of resistor R12 is connected, the first terminal end of resistor R13 inverting input of the operational amplifier and the resistor R12 is UD2 连接,运算放大器U3A的反向输入端接地;电阻R13的末端与电阻R7的末端、电容Cl的负极端相连接,电阻R7的首段与三级稳压器Ul的接地端相连接,电容的正极端与三级稳压器Ul的输入端和二极管Dl的输出端同时与电源VCC相连接。 Connected, an inverting input of the operational amplifier U3A is connected to ground; negative end of the terminal end of the resistor R7 and the resistor R13, the capacitor Cl is connected to the first section of the resistor R7 and the three regulator Ul end connected to ground, the capacitor the positive input terminal and an output terminal of the diode Dl and three terminal regulator Ul is simultaneously connected to the power supply VCC.

[0014] 所述的单片机控制模块的控制方法包括以下步骤: [0014] The method of controlling said SCM control module comprises the steps of:

[0015] 步骤一:开始,运行单片机控制模块; [0015] Step a: start, run SCM control module;

[0016] 步骤二:初始化; [0016] Step Two: initialization;

[0017] 步骤三:系统自检,若系统或某个模块工作不正常,系统在发出报警声的同时,数码管闪烁显示故障模块代码,若系统及各模块均工作正常,则系统调用电池检测子程序,对系统各电池单体的故障、反接以及空载情况进行检查判断; [0017] Step Three: system self-test, if the system or a module is not working properly, while an alarm sound system, the digital module display the fault codes, if the system and all modules are working properly, the system calls the battery detection subroutine, fault, and no load reverse of each battery cell inspection system is determined;

[0018] 步骤四:按键自检; [0018] Step Four: the self-test button;

[0019] 步骤五:电池自检,显示所检测电池单体的位置代码,对检测到的故障电池和反接电池进行指示报警; [0019] Step Five: battery test, the position of the cell code is detected, the detected defective battery and reverse battery alarm indication;

[0020] 步骤六:自动管理,系统先对电池进行放电,放电到终止电压后再进行充电,同时在充电的过程中,利用软件延时,使镍镉充电电池在充电间隙进行短暂放电,从而以脉冲充电方式,有效地提高电池充电效率,最大限度地消除镍镉充电电池可能出现的极化现象; [0020] Step Six: automatic management system to discharge the battery, and then discharged to a final voltage of charge, while the charge of the process, using the software delay, nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery charging in a short discharge gap, whereby pulse charging, effectively improve battery charging efficiency, maximize the elimination of polarization nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries may occur;

[0021] 步骤七:延时,延时后继续进行电池检查。 [0021] Step 7: delay, continue to check the battery after the delay.

[0022] 本发明具有的优点和积极效果是:第一,为集中放置并统一管理的镍镉充电电池提供了一个空间独立、温度恒定的存放环境,消除了酸性、高温等不利因素对镍镉充电电池可能产生的不良影响。 [0022] The present invention has advantages and positive effects: First, for the unified management of centrally located and nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries of a spatially independent, constant temperature storage environment, eliminating the disadvantages acid, nickel-cadmium and other high temperature rechargeable battery may have adverse effects. 其次,电池充放电管理和维护过程中采用脉冲充放电方式,不仅提高了电池的充放电效率,而且可以保持或恢复镍镉充电电池的性能。 Secondly, the battery charge and discharge pulse and the charge and discharge management of maintenance used, not only to improve the charge-discharge efficiency of the cell, and can maintain or recover the performance of nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery. 第三,系统采用先放电、后充电的方式进行充放电管理,可以消除镍镉充电电池可能产生的“记忆效应”,提高充电电池的使用效能。 Third, the system uses the first discharge after charging way discharge management, can eliminate the "memory effect" nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries may be generated, would increase the effectiveness of the rechargeable battery. 第四,对电池充电终止和放电终止电压进行实时监测控制,避免了电池过充、过放,可延长镍镉充电电池的使用寿命。 Fourth, the battery charge termination and discharge end voltage controlled real-time monitoring, to avoid battery overcharge, over-discharge, extended service life of nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery. 第五,采用先检测、后管理和单体充放电的运行模式,杜绝了性能差异较大的单体镍镉充电电池同组使用或同组充电问题的发生。 Fifth, the use of the first test, after the operation mode management and the monomer charge and discharge, to prevent the occurrence of the same group using a rechargeable battery pack or performance issues with large differences monomer nickel cadmium.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023]图1是本发明实施例提供的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 1 is a schematic embodiment of the present invention, a smart battery management system architecture using a one-chip microcomputer provided in the control;

[0024] 图2是本发明实施例提供的电池切换单元电路示意图; [0024] FIG. 2 is a battery provided in a circuit diagram the switching unit embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图3是本发明实施例提供的电池充放电电路示意图; [0025] FIG. 3 is a battery according to an embodiment of the present invention a circuit diagram of the charging and discharging;

[0026] 图4是本发明实施例提供的电池电压检测电路示意图; [0026] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a battery voltage detecting circuit according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0027] 图5是本发明实施例提供的单片机控制模块的控制方法流程图. [0027] FIG. 5 is a flowchart illustrating a control method of SCM control module according to an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0028] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0028] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0029] 如图1至图5所示:该采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统包括:单片机控制模块、充放电模块、电压检测模块、状态检测模块、系统自检模块、温度控制模块、电池切换模块、报警指示模块; [0029] FIGS. 1 to 5: The smart battery management system using the one-chip microcomputer control comprising: a control module SCM, discharge module, voltage detection module, the state detection module, the system self-test module, temperature control module , the battery switching module, an alarm indication module;

[0030] 单片机控制模块用于实现对充放电控制、电池切换控制、温度控制、电池检测控制和报警指示控制,对数据进行运算和处理以及信息交换;充放电模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于实现充电电池的充电和放电;电压检测模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于对充电电池两端的电压进行实时检测;状态检测模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于检测电池是否存在故障或是否反接;系统自检模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于检测电池智能管理系统本身是否存在故障;温度控制模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于对电池存放环境稳定进行监测控制;电池切换模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于通过电源/电池柜的供电实现电池单体间的自动切换或手动切换;报警指示模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于实现系统或某个模块工作不正常,则发出报警提 [0030] SCM control module for implementing control of charge and discharge, the battery switching control, temperature control, and the battery detection control alarm indicator control, data processing and information exchange and calculation; SCM control module and discharge module is connected, with to achieve the charging and discharging of the rechargeable battery; and a voltage detection module SCM control module is connected to a voltage across the rechargeable battery detected in real time; status detection module and a control module connected to the microcontroller, for detecting whether there is a failure or whether the battery reverse; system self-test module and the SCM control module is connected to the battery for detecting whether there is a fault intelligent management system itself; and a temperature control module SCM control module is connected, for monitoring the battery storage stable environmental control; battery switching module the microcontroller is connected to a control module for automatic switching between the battery cells achieved by manual switching or power supply / battery enclosure; alarm indication module and control module is connected to the microcontroller, or a module for implementing the system is not working properly, an alarm mention .

[0031] 所述单片机控制模块包括:单片机本体用于数据的运算和处理;温度控制器与单片机本体相连接,用于检测电源的温度,并将温度传送到单片机本体;故障报警模块与单片机本体相连接,用于检测各模块的报警信息,并将报警信息传送到单片机本体;自动管理模块与单片机本体相连接,用于对单片机本体中的数据进行管理,实现充放电指示和状态指示;系统自检模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现单片机本体的自动检测;电池检测模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现对电池的电压和电流实现检测;电池切换模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现电源的切换功能;维护保养模块与单片机本体相连接,实现对单片机本体的容量恢复激活处理。 [0031] The SCM control module comprises: a body microcontroller for computation and processing data; temperature controller is connected to the body with the microcontroller for detecting the temperature of the power supply, and the body temperature is transmitted to the microcontroller; microcontroller fault alarm module body It is connected to each module for detecting alarm information, and alarm information is transmitted to the microcontroller body; automatic management module body connected with the microcontroller, the microcontroller for data management in the body, and indicates the charge-discharge status indication; system introspection module body connected with the microcontroller, for automatically detecting the SCM body; detecting cell module body and is connected to the microcontroller, for realizing the voltage and current of the battery enable detection; battery switching module body connected with the microcontroller, for to achieve power switching function; maintenance module body connected with the microcontroller, the microcontroller on the capacity of the body to achieve activation process restored.

[0032] 所述充放电模块包括:用于检测主电路输出电压的电压检测电路,用于检测主电路电流的电流检测电路,与电压检测电路和电流检测电路连接的控制电路模块,与控制电路模块连接用于驱动充电器主电路的驱动模块,与控制电路模块连接用于检测网侧电压的电压检测模块,与控制电路模块连接用于充电参数显示的显示电路,与控制电路模块连接用于参数输入的键盘电路。 [0032] The discharge module comprises: a voltage detection circuit for detecting an output voltage of the main circuit, a current detection circuit for detecting a current of the main circuit, a control circuit module connected to the voltage detection circuit and the current detecting circuit, the control circuit a charger connected to the drive module drive module main circuit, connected to the control circuit module for detecting a network side voltage of the voltage detection module, the control circuit module is connected to the display circuit displays the charging parameters, and a control circuit module for connection parameter input keyboard circuit.

[0033] 所述电池切换模块包括控制驱动电路和继电器组成的切换电路阵列组成;二极管的输出端与继电器Kl的一端与电源相连接,二极管的输入端与继电器Kl的另一端连通后与三极管Ql的基极相连接,三极管Ql的集电极与电阻Rl的首段相连接,三极管Ql的发射集接地;电阻Rl的末端与电源Ul的输出端相连接,电源Ul的输入端与变压器的输出端Dl-1相连接,变压器的输入端Cl-1通过转换开关JCl相连接;每个切换电路单元对应一个电池单体,驱动电路主要由反向器74LS04和三极管S9013组成,受Pl 口输出的控制信号控制,对继电器的开、闭状态进行控制,采用可同时转换两路信号的双触电继电器4137,实现对充放电回路和电池状态检测回路同时进行切换,利用外部中断INTl的中断控制功能,并通过单片机的P3.6对两个切换按键状态进行检测判断,同时利用“上移”和“下 [0033] The switching module comprises a battery switching circuit controls the driving circuit and an array composed of relays; diode output of relay Kl is connected to one end of the power supply, the other end of the input terminal and the relay Kl communication with the diode transistor Ql is connected to the base, the first segment is connected to the collector of transistor Ql and the resistor Rl, the emission current of transistor Ql is grounded; Ul output terminal of the power supply terminal of the resistor Rl is connected to the input terminal and the output terminal of the transformer of the power supply Ul Dl-1 is connected to the input terminals of the transformer Cl-1 is connected through the switch JCL; each switching circuit corresponding to a battery cell unit, driven by the inverter main circuit and a transistor 74LS04 composition S9013, the control-output port Pl signal control, the relay is open, control is performed closed state, use may be simultaneous switching of two signals bis shock relay 4137, to achieve the charging and discharging circuit and the battery state detection circuit is switched at the same time, external interrupt INTl interrupt control functions, and Analyzing two detecting state by the toggle P3.6 microcontroller, while using the "move Up" and "lower ”按键,实现电池单体间的手工切换。 "Button, to achieve manually switch between the battery cells.

[0034] 充放电模块包括充电电路和放电电路,电池正极分别于电阻R3、电阻R4的首段相连接,电阻R3与三极管Q3的发射极相连接,三极管Q3的集电极与三极管Q2的基极相连接,三极管Q3的基极与三极管Q2的集电极相连接,三极管Q2的发射极与电阻R2的首端相连接,电阻R2的末端与三极管Ql的基极相连接,三极管Ql的集电极与电阻Rl的首端相连接,三极管Ql的发射极接地,电阻Rl的末端与电源U9A相连接,构成充电电路;电阻R4的末端与三极管Q5的基极相连接,三极管Q5的集电极与电阻R6的首端相连接,三极管Q5的发射极接地,二极管R6的末端与三极管Q4的发射极相连接,三极管Q4的基极与5V电源相连接,三极管Q4的集电极与电阻R5的首端相连接,电阻R5的末端与电源U9B相连接,构成放电电路。 [0034] The discharge module comprises a charge circuit and a discharge circuit, respectively Cathode resistor R3, a resistor R4 is connected to the first section, the resistor R3 and the emitter of transistor Q3 is connected to the collector of the transistor Q2 and the base of the transistor Q3 are connected to the base of transistor Q3 is connected to the collector of the transistor Q2, the emitter of transistor Q2 is connected to the first terminal of resistor R2, the transistor Ql and the base end of the resistor R2 is connected to the source, the collector of transistor Ql the first end of resistor Rl is connected, the emitter of transistor Ql is grounded, and the power supply terminal of resistor Rl is connected to U9A, constituting the charging circuit; end of the resistor R4 to the base of transistor Q5 is connected to the collector of transistor Q5 and resistor R6 first end connected to the emitter of transistor Q5 is grounded, the diode of the transistor emitter tip R6 Q4 is connected to base of the transistor Q4 is connected to a 5V power supply, the first end connected to the collector of the transistor Q4 and the resistor R5 of , the end of resistor R5 is connected to the power supply U9B, constitute a discharge circuit.

[0035] 所述的温度控制模块包括温度传感器、轴流风扇及控制电路;轴流风扇上设置有童锁模块,温度传感器通过用户设定的参数和检测到的数据计算出电源的的节能方式;控制电路通过标准工业RS485总线进行集中控制,组成智能实时控制网络。 [0035] The temperature control module comprises a temperature sensor, an axial fan and a control circuit; child lock module provided with a temperature sensor parameters set by the user and the detected data calculated by the power saving mode of the axial flow fan ; centralized control by the control circuit industry standard RS485 bus, consisting intelligent real-time control network.

[0036] 所述的报警指示模块包括蜂鸣器和数码管显示器,蜂鸣器用于发出报警声,数码管显示器用于显示故障模块代码。 The [0036] warning indicator module comprises a buzzer and a digital display, a buzzer alarm sound, digital display for displaying the fault module code.

[0037] 所述的电池电压检测电路包括:电池JCl的正极分别于电阻R14、电阻R15、电阻R16、电阻R17、电阻R18相连接,电阻R14的另一端与运算放大器U2A的反向输入端相连接,电阻R15的另一端与与运算放大器U2B的反向输入端相连接,电阻R16的另一端与与运算放大器U2C的同向输入端相连接,电阻R17的另一端与与运算放大器UD2的同向输入端相连接,电阻R18的另一端与与运算放大器U3A的同向输入端相连接;运算放大器U2A的同向输入端与电阻R9相连接,电阻R9的领域断分别于电阻RlO的首段、电阻R8的首段、二极管Dl的输入端、二极管D2的输出端、三级稳压器Ul的输出端相连接,运算放大器U2B的同向输入端与二极管RlO的末端、电阻Rll的首端相连接,运算放大器U2C的反向输入端与电阻Rll的末端、电阻R12的首端相连接,运算放大器UD2的反向输入端与电阻R12的末端、电阻R13的首端 [0037] The battery voltage detection circuit comprising: a positive electrode of the battery respectively JCl resistor R14, resistor R15, resistor R16, resistor R17, resistor R18 is connected to the other end of the operational amplifier U2A is an inverting input terminal of resistor R14 , and the other end of the resistor R15 and the operational amplifier U2B inverted input terminal, connecting the other end of the resistor R16 and the operational amplifier U2C with the input end, the other end of the resistor R17 and the operational amplifier with UD2 It is connected to the input terminal, connecting the other end of the resistor R18 and the operational amplifier U3A to the input terminal of the same; the operational amplifier U2A is connected with the input terminal and the resistor R9, the first section of the field-off resistance of the resistor R9, respectively, of RlO , first paragraph, of the input of the diode Dl, the output terminal of the diode D2, the three voltage regulator Ul resistor R8 is connected to the output terminal of the operational amplifier U2B with the input end of the diode RlO, the first end of the resistor Rll is connected to the inverting input terminal of the operational amplifier U2C and resistor Rll, the first terminal of resistor R12 is connected, the first terminal end of resistor R13 inverting input of the operational amplifier and the resistor R12 is UD2 连接,运算放大器U3A的反向输入端接地;电阻R13的末端与电阻R7的末端、电容Cl的负极端相连接,电阻R7的首段与三级稳压器Ul的接地端相连接,电容的正极端与三级稳压器Ul的输入端和二极管Dl的输出端同时与电源VCC相连接。 Connected, an inverting input of the operational amplifier U3A is connected to ground; negative end of the terminal end of the resistor R7 and the resistor R13, the capacitor Cl is connected to the first section of the resistor R7 and the three regulator Ul end connected to ground, the capacitor the positive input terminal and an output terminal of the diode Dl and three terminal regulator Ul is simultaneously connected to the power supply VCC.

[0038] 所述的单片机控制模块的控制方法包括以下步骤: [0038] The method of controlling said SCM control module comprises the steps of:

[0039] SlOl:开始,运行单片机控制模块; [0039] SlOl: start, run SCM control module;

[0040] S102:初始化; [0040] S102: initialization;

[0041] S103:系统自检,若系统或某个模块工作不正常,系统在发出报警声的同时,数码管闪烁显示故障模块代码,若系统及各模块均工作正常,则系统调用电池检测子程序,对系统各电池单体的故障、反接以及空载情况进行检查判断; [0041] S103: system self-test, if the system or a module is not working properly, while an alarm sound system, the digital module display the fault codes, if the system and all modules are working properly, the system calls the sub-battery detection program failure, and the reverse load situation of each battery cell inspection system is determined;

[0042] S104:按键自检; [0042] S104: self-test button;

[0043] S105:电池自检,显示所检测电池单体的位置代码,对检测到的故障电池和反接电池进行指示报警; [0043] S105: battery test, the position of the cell code is detected, the detected defective battery and reverse battery alarm indication;

[0044] S106:自动管理,系统先对电池进行放电,放电到终止电压后再进行充电,同时在充电的过程中,利用软件延时,使镍镉充电电池在充电间隙进行短暂放电,从而以脉冲充电方式,有效地提高电池充电效率,最大限度地消除镍镉充电电池可能出现的极化现象; [0044] S106: automatic management system to discharge the battery, and then discharged to a final voltage of charge, while the charge of the process, using the software delay, nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery charging in a short discharge gap, thereby pulse charging, effectively improve battery charging efficiency, maximize the elimination of polarization nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries may occur;

[0045] S107:延时,延时后继续进行电池检查。 [0045] S107: time delay, continue to check the battery after the delay.

[0046] 本发明具有的优点和积极效果是:第一,为集中放置并统一管理的镍镉充电电池提供了一个空间独立、温度恒定的存放环境,消除了酸性、高温等不利因素对镍镉充电电池可能产生的不良影响。 [0046] The present invention has advantages and positive effects: First, for the unified management of centrally located and nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries of a spatially independent, constant temperature storage environment, eliminating the disadvantages acid, nickel-cadmium and other high temperature rechargeable battery may have adverse effects. 其次,电池充放电管理和维护过程中采用脉冲充放电方式,不仅提高了电池的充放电效率,而且可以保持或恢复镍镉充电电池的性能。 Secondly, the battery charge and discharge pulse and the charge and discharge management of maintenance used, not only to improve the charge-discharge efficiency of the cell, and can maintain or recover the performance of nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery. 第三,系统采用先放电、后充电的方式进行充放电管理,可以消除镍镉充电电池可能产生的“记忆效应”,提高充电电池的使用效能。 Third, the system uses the first discharge after charging way discharge management, can eliminate the "memory effect" nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries may be generated, would increase the effectiveness of the rechargeable battery. 第四,对电池充电终止和放电终止电压进行实时监测控制,避免了电池过充、过放,可延长镍镉充电电池的使用寿命。 Fourth, the battery charge termination and discharge end voltage controlled real-time monitoring, to avoid battery overcharge, over-discharge, extended service life of nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery. 第五,采用先检测、后管理和单体充放电的运行模式,杜绝了性能差异较大的单体镍镉充电电池同组使用或同组充电问题的发生。 Fifth, the use of the first test, after the operation mode management and the monomer charge and discharge, to prevent the occurrence of the same group using a rechargeable battery pack or performance issues with large differences monomer nickel cadmium.

[0047]当然,本发明还可有其他实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下,所属技术领域的技术人员当可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本发明的权利要求的保护范围。 [0047] Of course, the present invention may have other embodiments without departing from the spirit and essence of the invention, those skilled in the art can make various corresponding modifications and variations according to the present invention, these corresponding changes and modifications should fall into the scope of the invention as claimed in claims.

Claims (9)

1.一种采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,该采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统包括:单片机控制模块、充放电模块、电压检测模块、状态检测模块、系统自检模块、温度控制模块、电池切换模块、报警指示模块; 单片机控制模块用于实现对充放电控制、电池切换控制、温度控制、电池检测控制和报警指示控制,对数据进行运算和处理以及信息交换;充放电模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于实现充电电池的充电和放电;电压检测模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于对充电电池两端的电压进行实时检测;状态检测模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于检测电池是否存在故障或是否反接;系统自检模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于检测电池智能管理系统本身是否存在故障;温度控制模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用 An intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system, characterized in that the intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system comprises: a control module SCM, discharge module, voltage detection module, the state detection module, system self-test module, temperature control module, a switching module battery alarm indication module; SCM control module for implementing control of charge and discharge, the battery switching control, temperature control, and the battery detection control alarm indicator control, data processing, and calculates and Clearing; SCM control module and discharge module connected for implementing charging and discharging the rechargeable battery; and a voltage detection module SCM control module is connected to a voltage across the rechargeable battery detected in real time; status detection module SCM the control module is connected to the battery for detecting whether there is a failure or whether the reverse; self-check module and the SCM control module is connected to the battery for detecting whether there is a fault intelligent management system itself; temperature control module and a control module connected to the microcontroller, use 于对电池存放环境稳定进行监测控制;电池切换模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于通过电源/电池柜的供电实现电池单体间的自动切换或手动切换;报警指示模块与单片机控制模块相连接,用于实现系统或某个模块工作不正常,则发出报警提示。 Control to monitor the environment of the battery storage stability; battery module and the switching control module is connected to the microcontroller, for automatic switching between the battery cells achieved by manual switching or power supply / battery enclosure; alarm indication module SCM control module is connected with the , or a module for implementing the system is not working properly, an alarm prompt.
2.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述单片机控制模块包括:单片机本体用于数据的运算和处理;温度控制器与单片机本体相连接,用于检测电源的温度,并将温度传送到单片机本体;故障报警模块与单片机本体相连接,用于检测各模块的报警信息,并将报警信息传送到单片机本体;自动管理模块与单片机本体相连接,用于对单片机本体中的数据进行管理,实现充放电指示和状态指示;系统自检模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现单片机本体的自动检测;电池检测模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现对电池的电压和电流实现检测;电池切换模块与单片机本体相连接,用于实现电源的切换功能;维护保养模块与单片机本体相连接,实现对单片机本体的容量恢复激活处理。 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, wherein said SCM control module comprises: a body microcontroller for computation and processing data; temperature controller with the microcontroller is connected to the body for detecting a temperature of the power supply, and the body temperature is transmitted to the microcontroller; fault alarm module body connected with the microcontroller for detecting alarm information of each module, and the alarm information is transmitted to the microcontroller body; automatic management module SCM bulk phase connection for data management microcontroller in the body, and indicates the charge-discharge status indication; self-check module body connected with the microcontroller, for automatically detecting the SCM body; detecting the battery module and the microcontroller is connected to the body, with voltage and current on the battery enable detection; battery switching module body connected with the microcontroller, for realizing the switching function of the power supply; maintenance module body connected with the microcontroller, the microcontroller capacity of the body to achieve recovery activation process.
3.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述充放电模块包括:用于检测主电路输出电压的电压检测电路,用于检测主电路电流的电流检测电路,与电压检测电路和电流检测电路连接的控制电路模块,与控制电路模块连接用于驱动充电器主电路的驱动模块,与控制电路模块连接用于检测网侧电压的电压检测模块,与控制电路模块连接用于充电参数显示的显示电路,与控制电路模块连接用于参数输入的键盘电路。 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, characterized in that the discharge module comprises: a voltage detection circuit for detecting an output voltage of the main circuit, a circuit for detecting the main current a current detection circuit, a control circuit module connected to the voltage detection circuit and the current detecting circuit, a control circuit module is connected with a drive circuit for driving a main charger module, and connected to a control circuit module for detecting a network side voltage of the voltage detecting means for , the control circuit module is connected to the display circuit displays the charging parameter, and the control circuit module is connected to a keyboard input circuit parameters.
4.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述电池切换模块包括控制驱动电路和继电器组成的切换电路阵列组成;二极管的输出端与继电器Kl的一端与电源相连接,二极管的输入端与继电器Kl的另一端连通后与三极管Ql的基极相连接,三极管Ql的集电极与电阻Rl的首段相连接,三极管Ql的发射集接地;电阻Rl的末端与电源Ul的输出端相连接,电源Ul的输入端与变压器的输出端Dl-1相连接,变压器的输入端Cl-1通过转换开关JCl相连接;每个切换电路单元对应一个电池单体,驱动电路主要由反向器74LS04和三极管S9013组成,受Pl 口输出的控制信号控制,对继电器的开、闭状态进行控制,采用可同时转换两路信号的双触电继电器4137,实现对充放电回路和电池状态检测回路同时进行切换,利用外部中断INTl的中断控制功能,并 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, wherein said battery switching circuit comprises a switching module controls the driving circuit and an array composed of relays; diode output of relay Kl a power supply connected to one end, the other end of the input terminal and the communication relay Kl diode of the transistor Ql is connected to the base, the first segment is connected to the collector of transistor Ql and the resistor Rl, the emission current of transistor Ql is grounded; resistance Rl output terminal of the power supply terminal Ul is connected to an input terminal of the transformer power supply output terminal Ul Dl-1 is connected to the input terminals of the transformer Cl-1 is connected through the switch JCL; each switching circuit corresponding to a unit cell monomers, mainly by the inverter drive circuit and a transistor 74LS04 composition S9013, a control signal output by port Pl, the opening of the relay, control the closed state, the use of two signals may be simultaneously switched dual shock relay 4137, to achieve charging and discharging the battery state detection circuit and the switching circuit at the same time, external interrupt control INTl and 过单片机的P3.6对两个切换按键状态进行检测判断,同时利用“上移”和“下移”按键,实现电池单体间的手工切换。 P3.6 of microcontroller through the two toggle state detection determination, while using the "Move Up" and "Down" button, to achieve manually switch between battery cells.
5.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,充放电模块包括充电电路和放电电路,电池正极分别于电阻R3、电阻R4的首段相连接,电阻R3与三极管Q3的发射极相连接,三极管Q3的集电极与三极管Q2的基极相连接,三极管Q3的基极与三极管Q2的集电极相连接,三极管Q2的发射极与电阻R2的首端相连接,电阻R2的末端与三极管Ql的基极相连接,三极管Ql的集电极与电阻Rl的首端相连接,三极管Ql的发射极接地,电阻Rl的末端与电源U9A相连接,构成充电电路;电阻R4的末端与三极管Q5的基极相连接,三极管Q5的集电极与电阻R6的首端相连接,三极管Q5的发射极接地,二极管R6的末端与三极管Q4的发射极相连接,三极管Q4的基极与5V电源相连接,三极管Q4的集电极与电阻R5的首端相连接,电阻R5的末端与电源U9B相连接,构成放电电路。 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, characterized in that the discharge module comprises a charge circuit and the discharge circuit, the positive electrode of the battery respectively, resistor R3, a resistor R4 is connected to the first paragraph of resistor R3 and the emitter of transistor Q3 is connected to the collector of transistor Q2 base of the transistor Q3 is connected to the base of transistor Q3 is connected to the collector of transistor Q2, and the emitter of transistor Q2 is the first end of the resistor R2 connected to the base terminal of the transistor Ql is connected to the resistor R2 of the electrode, the first end of the resistor Rl connected to the collector of transistor Ql, the emitter of transistor Ql is grounded, and the power supply terminal of resistor Rl is connected to U9A, constituting the charging circuit ; end of the resistor R4 and the base of transistor Q5 is connected to the resistor R6 and the collector of the transistor Q5 is connected to the first end, the emitter of transistor Q5 is grounded, the diode of the transistor emitter tip R6 Q4 is connected to transistor Q4 the base is connected to the 5V power supply, the first end connected to the collector of the transistor Q4 and the resistor R5, the resistor R5 is connected to the end of the power supply U9B, constitute a discharge circuit.
6.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述的温度控制模块包括温度传感器、轴流风扇及控制电路;轴流风扇上设置有童锁模块,温度传感器通过用户设定的参数和检测到的数据计算出电源的的节能方式;控制电路通过标准工业RS485总线进行集中控制,组成智能实时控制网络。 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, wherein said temperature control module comprises a temperature sensor, and a control circuit axial fan; axial flow fan provided with a child lock on module, the temperature sensor parameters set by the user and the detected data calculated by the power saving mode; centralized control by the control circuit industry standard RS485 bus, consisting intelligent real-time control network.
7.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述的报警指示模块包括蜂鸣器和数码管显示器,蜂鸣器用于发出报警声,数码管显示器用于显示故障模块代码。 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, characterized in that said module comprises a buzzer alarm indication and a digital display, a buzzer alarm sound, digital a display for displaying the fault module code.
8.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述的电池电压检测电路包括:电池JCl的正极分别于电阻R14、电阻R15、电阻R16、电阻R17、电阻R18相连接,电阻R14的另一端与运算放大器U2A的反向输入端相连接,电阻R15的另一端与与运算放大器U2B的反向输入端相连接,电阻R16的另一端与与运算放大器U2C的同向输入端相连接,电阻R17的另一端与与运算放大器UD2的同向输入端相连接,电阻R18的另一端与与运算放大器U3A的同向输入端相连接;运算放大器U2A的同向输入端与电阻R9相连接,电阻R9的领域断分别于电阻RlO的首段、电阻R8的首段、二极管Dl的输入端、二极管D2的输出端、三级稳压器Ul的输出端相连接,运算放大器U2B的同向输入端与二极管RlO的末端、电阻Rll的首端相连接,运算放大器U2C的反向输入端与电阻Rll的末端、电阻 The intelligent battery-chip microcomputer controlled management system according to claim 1, characterized in that said battery voltage detection circuit comprising: a positive battery JCl respectively to the resistance R14, a resistor R15, a resistor R16, a resistor R17, resistor R18 is connected to the other end of the operational amplifier U2A is an inverting input terminal of resistor R14 is connected to the other end of the resistor R15 connected to the inverting input terminal of op amp U2B, the other end of the resistor R16 and the operational U2C amplifier connected to the input of the same direction, with the other end of the resistor R17 and the operational amplifier UD2 connected to the input, the other end of the resistor R18 is connected to operational amplifier U3A to the input terminal of the same; the operational amplifier U2A noninverting input terminal connected to the resistor R9, the resistor R9, respectively, off the field in the first segment, the first segment of the resistor R8 resistor RlO, the input of the diode Dl, the output terminal of the diode D2, the output of three terminal regulator Ul connected with the operational amplifier U2B, the first end connected to the inverting input of the operational amplifier U2C and resistor Rll end, to the end of the input resistor and the diode resistor RlO to Rll R12的首端相连接,运算放大器UD2的反向输入端与电阻R12的末端、电阻R13的首端相连接,运算放大器U3A的反向输入端接地;电阻R13的末端与电阻R7的末端、电容Cl的负极端相连接,电阻R7的首段与三级稳压器Ul的接地端相连接,电容的正极端与三级稳压器Ul的输入端和二极管Dl的输出端同时与电源VCC相连接。 R12 is connected to the first end, the first end connected to ends of resistor R13 UD2 inverting input of the operational amplifier and resistor R12, the operational amplifier U3A inverted input is grounded; terminal end of the resistor R13 and the resistor R7, the capacitor Cl is connected to the negative terminal of the first paragraph and the ground terminal of the three voltage regulator Ul is connected to the resistor R7, the positive terminal of the three terminal regulator output and an input terminal of the diode Dl while Ul capacitance to VCC power supply connection.
9.根据权利要求1所述的采用单片微型计算机控制的电池智能管理系统,其特征在于,所述的单片机控制模块的控制方法包括以下步骤: 步骤一:开始,运行单片机控制模块; 步骤二:初始化; 步骤三:系统自检,若系统或某个模块工作不正常,系统在发出报警声的同时,数码管闪烁显示故障模块代码,若系统及各模块均工作正常,则系统调用电池检测子程序,对系统各电池单体的故障、反接以及空载情况进行检查判断; 步骤四:按键自检; 步骤五:电池自检,显示所检测电池单体的位置代码,对检测到的故障电池和反接电池进行指示报警; 步骤六:自动管理,系统先对电池进行放电,放电到终止电压后再进行充电,同时在充电的过程中,利用软件延时,使镍镉充电电池在充电间隙进行短暂放电,从而以脉冲充电方式,有效地提高电池充电效率,最大限度 9. The use of a smart battery management system controlling the one-chip microcomputer in claim 1, characterized in that the control method of the SCM control module comprises the following steps: Step 1: start, run SCM control module; Step Two : initialization; step three: system self-test, if the system or a module is not working properly, while an alarm sound system, the digital module display the fault codes, if the system and all modules are working properly, the system calls the battery detection subroutine, the fault of each battery cell systems, reverse and no load check determination; step four: POST key; step five: battery test, the position of the cell code is detected, the detected reverse battery and battery failure alarm indication; step six: automatic management system to discharge the battery, and then discharged to a final voltage of charge, while the charge of the process, using the software delay, nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries charging a short discharge gap, thereby pulse charging, effectively improve battery charging efficiency, the maximum 地消除镍镉充电电池可能出现的极化现象; 步骤七:延时,延时后继续进行电池检查。 Eliminate polarization nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries may occur; Step 7: Check the battery continues after delay, delay.
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