CN104943864A - Long-airborne-period combined stratosphere aircraft system scheme based on solar unmanned aerial vehicles - Google Patents

Long-airborne-period combined stratosphere aircraft system scheme based on solar unmanned aerial vehicles Download PDF

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CN104943864A
CN104943864A CN201510436440.6A CN201510436440A CN104943864A CN 104943864 A CN104943864 A CN 104943864A CN 201510436440 A CN201510436440 A CN 201510436440A CN 104943864 A CN104943864 A CN 104943864A
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dirigible
solar power
unmanned plane
solar
platform
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CN104943864B (en
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祝明
孙康文
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Beijing Tianhang Huachuang Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Tianhang Huachuang Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a long-airborne-period combined stratosphere aircraft system scheme based on solar unmanned aerial vehicles. The long-airborne-period combined stratosphere aircraft system scheme mainly comprises an airship and the solar unmanned aerial vehicles, wherein the airship part is used as an airborne relay platform and comprises an airbag body, a solar cell array, an arresting device, mounting devices, an internal temperature and pressure acquisition module, a pressure regulation valve and airship energy storage cells; the solar unmanned aerial vehicles are the core of the whole platform and each solar unmanned aerial vehicle mainly comprises a structure subsystem comprising an airplane stabilizer, an energy subsystem, an avionics flight control subsystem, a propulsion subsystem and a load subsystem. According to the system scheme, the large-sized airship is used as a mother ship and an airborne energy storage station and the multiple solar unmanned aerial vehicles are used as a task execution platform. An airborne support platform has the functions of the aerospace mother ship and an air refueling machine, so that effective weight loss of the solar aircraft platform is realized, meanwhile, and the non-stop flight time of the airplane at the height of 20 km or above is prolonged.

Description

The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power
Technical field
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank when the invention provides a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power, belongs to aerospace plateform system technical field.
Background technology
Along with the further expansion in aerospace technology field, the stratosphere flight device used for Aeronautics and Astronautics joint portion has become the emphasis studied various countries.Compared with conventional airplane, the advantage of low speed stratosphere flight device is: (1) airborne period is long, sustainable work.Be easy to obtain information and data for a long time, incessantly, in time rapidly response made to emergency case.(2) wide coverage.The flying height of stratosphere flight device is larger than conventional airplane, and therefore coverage is also broader than conventional airplane.(3) viability is strong.Because the major part of balloon or blimp and some low-speed unmanned aerial vehicles adopts non-metallic material to make, therefore radar return cross section is very little, and traditional radar is difficult to follow the tracks of and find.(4) manufacture and operation and maintenance cost low, the support personnel of needs is few, logistic implications is light.
Compared with satellite, because stratosphere flight device runs highly low, general just low orbit satellite 1/10-1/20, easily realizes fine resolution earth observation, effectively can make up moonscope local blind spot.Require low to scouting, scope, adopt general digital camera, just may obtain the photo suitable with high precision satellite quality; Low cost of manufacture, does not need the launch facility of complex and expensive, lower to ground equipment requirement yet, and most of parts and the recyclable repeated usage of capacity weight, therefore efficiency-cost ratio is high.Emission process is comparatively simple; Capacity weight technical risk is little, is easy to upgrade and safeguard.
In the development process of stratosphere flight device, the solar power unmanned plane of stratospheric airship and HAE has become the focus studied various countries.But the problem of existing research is: if stratospheric airship wants the operation flight realized on intended height, the size of platform self and volume are all bigger than normal, and are limited by the seasonal variety of solar irradiation energy, be difficult to the flight in sky when realizing overlength boat; And solar power unmanned plane is left a blank when cannot realize long equally by the seasonal variety of solar irradiation intensity flight, and in one day, the change of intensity of sunshine also needs solar power unmanned plane to carry out height adjustment with satisfied flight needs.
For this reason, the Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank when the present invention proposes a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power.The program is with large-scale dirigible for machine tool and aerial accumulation of energy station, and with multi rack solar power unmanned plane for tasks carrying platform, the program combines the advantage of dirigible and solar powered aircraft, and the performance performing aerial mission will improve greatly.
Summary of the invention
(1) object: the object of the present invention is to provide the Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power, the program can realize the mutual supplement with each other's advantages between dirigible and solar power unmanned plane, the load capacity of aircraft can be improved, the long-time flight in sky of whole platform can be realized again.
(2) technical scheme: the Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power of the present invention, mainly comprises: dirigible, solar power unmanned plane.Wherein, dirigible part, as aerial relaying platform, comprises again utricule body, solar battery array, arresting gear, carry device, internal temperature, pressure acquisition module, pressure-modulation valve door, dirigible energy-storage battery; Solar power unmanned plane is the core of whole platform, and primarily of the structure subsystem comprising body stabilator, energy subsystem, avionics flies to control subsystem, propulsion subsystem, and load subsystem is formed.
The program with large-scale dirigible for machine tool and aerial accumulation of energy station, with multi rack solar power unmanned plane for tasks carrying platform.Daytime or tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane takes off from dirigible machine tool, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or non task perform section, and solar power unmanned plane flies back the anchor point of dirigible machine tool, realizes aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible.In the process, solar power unmanned plane can rely on the energy supply of energy-storage battery realization to self on dirigible; Also by self closed-centre system through dirigible machine tool be other solar power unmanned planes transmission of electricity.
According to foregoing, whole system is made up of with the aerial relaying platform (dirigible) flown in 10 ~ 14km At The Height the solar powered aircraft platform flown in 20km and above height.This aerial relaying platform has empty sky mother ship carrier concurrently and (realizes the interim stop on the platform of solar power unmanned plane by arresting gear, save the energy ezpenditure of solar power unmanned plane in process of charging) and the function of " oiling " machine (for the energy-storage battery on solar powered aircraft carries out fast charge) in the air, thus while realizing the effective loss of weight of solar powered aircraft platform, its time at 20km and above height follow-on mission can be extended.
Described utricule body adopts lightweight, multi-layer fiber that is pliable and tough, high strength is made, and is mainly used in storing helium, for whole platform provides effective lift;
Described solar battery array, is arranged on the top of dirigible, mainly converts solar energy into electrical energy, and is the charging of dirigible energy-storage battery, and is other equipment energy supplies of airship platform;
Described arresting gear is mainly used in tackling solar power unmanned plane, and its function class is similar to the catch net on aircraft carrier and tackles rope;
Described carry device is mainly used in the interim stop of solar power unmanned plane;
Described internal temperature, pressure acquisition module are mainly used in there is Real-Time Monitoring to the helium temperature of dirigible inside and pressure;
Described pressure-modulation valve door is mainly used in controlling in real time the internal pressure of dirigible, and then changes the buoyancy (lift) of system according to the requirement of aerial mission;
The described structure subsystem comprising body stabilator mainly provides the mounting interface of all airborne equipments on solar power unmanned plane;
Described energy subsystem is mainly the energy that solar powered aircraft platform provides required, and in addition, this system has energy management function concurrently;
Described avionics flies control subsystem and is mainly used in carrying out Real-Time Monitoring and control to the state of flight of solar powered aircraft platform;
Described dirigible energy-storage battery is mainly used in carrying out fast charge to the energy-storage battery on solar powered aircraft;
Described propulsion subsystem is mainly used in adjustment and the Route reform of solar powered aircraft flight attitude;
Described load subsystem is mainly used in realizing set aerial mission, as taken a picture, communicating.
The workflow of whole system is as follows:
Dirigible and solar power unmanned plane assembled respectively under ground state and debug complete, being inflated by dirigible by set designing requirement, after inflation completes, solar power unmanned plane rests on dirigible;
Wherein, solar power unmanned plane stop mode on dirigible has two kinds: one is that solar power unmanned plane receives in hull; Another kind is that solar power unmanned plane hangs over outside hull.
Mode is stopped: in an initial condition, solar power unmanned plane is received in hull, with dirigible fast lifting to intended height for the first.After reaching intended height, dirigible body is connected with wayside equipment by mooring gear, stops, the solar array work at dirigible top simultaneously to realize determining region; Daytime or tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane is taken off from dirigible machine tool by the hatch door of hull belly, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or non task perform section, and solar power unmanned plane rests in dirigible machine tool body by arresting gear, realize aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible.
Stop mode for the second: in an initial condition, solar power unmanned plane is connected with dirigible by carry device, by dirigible fast lifting to set flying height.After reaching intended height, dirigible body is connected with wayside equipment by mooring gear, stops, the solar array work at dirigible top simultaneously to realize determining region; Daytime or tasks carrying section, meeting under the condition pushing away resistance balance, solar power unmanned plane takes off from dirigible machine tool, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or fly tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane is flown back by arresting gear and carry device the anchor point of dirigible machine tool, realizes aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible.
(3) advantage of the program: 1) this system profile layout is novel, and inner structure is succinct; 2) both combinations greatly strengthen the ability that solar power unmanned plane performs aerial mission.Airship platform and the combined Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of solar power unmanned plane overcome the shortcoming of respective single form, have had both advantages concurrently.While lifting solar power unmanned plane load capacity, achieve whole platform long time flight in sky.3) dirigible is connected with ground by mooring gear after intended height, adds whole platform reliability of operation.
accompanying drawing illustrates:
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme schematic diagram that Fig. 1 leaves a blank when being a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power of the present invention;
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme that Fig. 2 leaves a blank when being a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power of the present invention, solar power unmanned plane adopts and receives stop mode partial schematic diagram in hull;
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme that Fig. 3 leaves a blank when being a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power of the present invention, solar power unmanned plane adopts carry at hull outer stop mode partial schematic diagram;
Number in the figure is described as follows:
1. solar power unmanned plane, 2. dirigible,
3. carry device, 4. dirigible energy-storage battery,
5. blocking apparatus.
detailed description of the invention:
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during captain unmanned based on solar power a kind of to the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing is further described:
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of captain unmanned based on solar power of the present invention, as shown in Fig. 1, mainly comprises solar power unmanned plane 1, dirigible 2, mooring gear 3 dirigible energy-storage battery 4, and arresting gear 5.
As shown in Figure 1, in the embodiment of the present invention, whole system is made up of with the aerial relaying platform (dirigible) flown in 10 ~ 14km At The Height the solar powered aircraft platform flown in 20km and above height.Dirigible is by the solar array energy supply at top.This aerial relaying platform has the function of empty sky mother ship carrier and aerial " oiling " machine concurrently, namely realizes the interim stop on the platform of solar power unmanned plane by arresting gear, saves the energy ezpenditure of solar power unmanned plane in process of charging; Simultaneously the energy-storage battery of dirigible is that energy-storage battery on solar powered aircraft carries out fast charge.
As shown in Figure 2, the embodiment of the present invention 1 is that solar power unmanned plane receives in hull: in an initial condition, solar power unmanned plane is received in hull, with dirigible fast lifting to intended height.After reaching intended height, dirigible body is connected with wayside equipment by mooring gear, stops, the solar array work at dirigible top simultaneously to realize determining region; Daytime or tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane is taken off from dirigible machine tool by the hatch door of hull belly, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or non task perform section, and solar power unmanned plane rests in dirigible machine tool body by arresting gear, realize aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible.
As shown in Figure 3, embodiments of the invention 2 are that solar power unmanned plane hangs over outside hull: in an initial condition, and solar power unmanned plane is connected with dirigible by carry device, by dirigible fast lifting to set flying height.After reaching intended height, dirigible body is connected with wayside equipment by mooring gear, stops, the solar array work at dirigible top simultaneously to realize determining region; Daytime or tasks carrying section, meeting under the condition pushing away resistance balance, solar power unmanned plane takes off from dirigible machine tool, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or non task perform section, and solar power unmanned plane is flown back by arresting gear and carry device the anchor point of dirigible machine tool, realizes aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible.
It should be pointed out that this example only listing property application process of the present invention is described, but not for limiting the present invention.Any personnel being familiar with this kind of operation technique, all can without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, modify to above-described embodiment.Therefore, the scope of the present invention, should listed by claims.

Claims (3)

1. a Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during captain unmanned based on solar power, is characterized in that: mainly comprise: dirigible, solar power unmanned plane; Wherein, dirigible part, as aerial relaying platform, comprises again utricule body, solar battery array, arresting gear, carry device, internal temperature, pressure acquisition module, pressure-modulation valve door, dirigible energy-storage battery; Solar power unmanned plane is the core of whole platform, and primarily of the structure subsystem comprising body stabilator, energy subsystem, avionics flies to control subsystem, propulsion subsystem, and load subsystem is formed.
2. the Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of unmanned based on solar power captain according to claims 1, it is characterized in that: the program with large-scale dirigible for machine tool and aerial accumulation of energy station, with multi rack solar power unmanned plane for tasks carrying platform; Daytime or tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane takes off from dirigible machine tool, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or non task perform section, and solar power unmanned plane flies back the anchor point of dirigible machine tool, realizes aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible; In the process, solar power unmanned plane can rely on the energy supply of energy-storage battery realization to self on dirigible; Also by self closed-centre system through dirigible machine tool be other solar power unmanned planes transmission of electricity.
3. the Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of unmanned based on solar power captain according to claims 1, is characterized in that: whole system forms by flying in the solar powered aircraft platform of 20km and above height and the aerial relaying platform (dirigible) flown in 10 ~ 14km At The Height;
This aerial relaying platform has empty sky mother ship carrier concurrently and (realizes the interim stop on the platform of solar power unmanned plane by arresting gear, save the energy ezpenditure of solar power unmanned plane in process of charging) and the function of " oiling " machine (for the energy-storage battery on solar powered aircraft carries out fast charge) in the air, thus while realizing the effective loss of weight of solar powered aircraft platform, its time at 20km and above height follow-on mission can be extended;
The Combined flat fluid layer aerocraft system scheme of leaving a blank during a kind of unmanned based on solar power captain according to claims 1, is characterized in that:
The workflow of whole platform is as follows:
Dirigible and solar power unmanned plane assembled respectively under ground state and debug complete, being inflated by dirigible by set designing requirement, after inflation completes, solar power unmanned plane rests on dirigible;
Wherein, solar power unmanned plane stop mode on dirigible has two kinds: one is that solar power unmanned plane receives in hull; Another kind is that solar power unmanned plane hangs over outside hull;
Mode is stopped: in an initial condition, solar power unmanned plane is received in hull, with dirigible fast lifting to intended height for the first;
After reaching intended height, dirigible body is connected with wayside equipment by mooring gear, stops, the solar array work at dirigible top simultaneously to realize determining region; Daytime or tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane is taken off from dirigible machine tool by the hatch door of hull belly, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or non task perform section, and solar power unmanned plane rests in dirigible machine tool body by arresting gear, realize aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible;
Stop mode for the second: in an initial condition, solar power unmanned plane is connected with dirigible by carry device, by dirigible fast lifting to set flying height;
After reaching intended height, dirigible body is connected with wayside equipment by mooring gear, stops, the solar array work at dirigible top simultaneously to realize determining region; Daytime or tasks carrying section, meeting under the condition pushing away resistance balance, solar power unmanned plane takes off from dirigible machine tool, arrives designated area and executes the task; Night or fly tasks carrying section, solar power unmanned plane is flown back by arresting gear and carry device the anchor point of dirigible machine tool, realizes aerial stop with the buoyancy of dirigible.
CN201510436440.6A 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 A kind of Combined flat fluid layer flight system left a blank during captain unmanned based on solar energy Active CN104943864B (en)

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CN106864722A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 北京天恒长鹰科技股份有限公司 The reinforcement stratospheric airship of built-in keel
CN106945839A (en) * 2016-01-06 2017-07-14 吕智慧 Flight instruments and its flying method
CN108891574A (en) * 2018-06-18 2018-11-27 陈彤云 A kind of cruise of forest, which is looked into, makes integrated dirigible
CN109067361A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-21 中国科学院光电研究院 A kind of near space solar cell measurement method and system
CN109164828A (en) * 2018-08-28 2019-01-08 北京环球之翼航空科技有限责任公司 A kind of unmanned aerial vehicle group cooperative system and its operation method

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CN103241380A (en) * 2012-02-03 2013-08-14 伊德斯德国股份有限公司 Surveillance and/or weapons system and method for objects on land or sea
US20140021288A1 (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-01-23 Andrew Charles Elson Unmanned aerial vehicle and method of launching

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JP2012244837A (en) * 2011-05-23 2012-12-10 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Power generation apparatus, power generation system, and power generation method
CN102381477A (en) * 2011-09-09 2012-03-21 福建世夷保险公估有限公司 Fly disc device capable of being used as high-altitude solar power station
CN103241380A (en) * 2012-02-03 2013-08-14 伊德斯德国股份有限公司 Surveillance and/or weapons system and method for objects on land or sea
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106945839A (en) * 2016-01-06 2017-07-14 吕智慧 Flight instruments and its flying method
CN106864722A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-06-20 北京天恒长鹰科技股份有限公司 The reinforcement stratospheric airship of built-in keel
CN106864722B (en) * 2017-03-09 2020-08-18 北京天恒长鹰科技股份有限公司 Reinforced stratospheric airship with built-in keel
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CN109067361A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-21 中国科学院光电研究院 A kind of near space solar cell measurement method and system
CN109067361B (en) * 2018-08-10 2020-09-11 中国科学院光电研究院 Near space solar cell measuring method and system
CN109164828A (en) * 2018-08-28 2019-01-08 北京环球之翼航空科技有限责任公司 A kind of unmanned aerial vehicle group cooperative system and its operation method

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