CN104928935A - Down-proof finishing agent and finishing process thereof on down-proof fabric - Google Patents

Down-proof finishing agent and finishing process thereof on down-proof fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104928935A
CN104928935A CN201510297148.0A CN201510297148A CN104928935A CN 104928935 A CN104928935 A CN 104928935A CN 201510297148 A CN201510297148 A CN 201510297148A CN 104928935 A CN104928935 A CN 104928935A
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
chiseling
finishing agent
finishing
acrylate
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CN201510297148.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
司琴
陈红霞
陆鹏
丁可敬
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江苏金太阳纺织科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510297148.0A priority Critical patent/CN104928935A/en
Publication of CN104928935A publication Critical patent/CN104928935A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a down-proof finishing agent and a finishing process thereof on a down-proof fabric. The down-proof finishing agent is a mixed solution of a 30-80 g/L acrylate-urethane-silicone modified copolymer, a 10-50 g/L silicon oil terpolymer and a 1-5 g/L surfactant. The finishing process comprises the following steps: at first, preparing the down-proof finishing agent, and then carrying out padding, drying, preshrinking, calendaring and re-preshrinking to obtain a finished fabric. After a fabric is padded by the finishing agent, fiber gaps are blocked through adhesion, so that the fastness and the hand feeling of the fabric are improved, then the silicon oil terpolymer softening agent and the surfactant are compounded, and preshrinking, calendaring and re-preshrinking are sequentially carried out. Therefore, the fabric has a good down-proof effect and has the soft, matte and loose styles.

Description

A kind of anti-chiseling down finishing agent and the finishing technique on anti-plumage fabric thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to after-finishing of textile products auxiliary agent technical field, be specifically related to a kind of anti-chiseling down finishing agent and the finishing technique on anti-plumage fabric thereof.

Background technology

Weaving face fabric for processing down products (eider down dress ornament, eider down bedding) must possess excellent anti-chiseling down performance, is just enough to prevent in use get out from fabric as the eider down of packed layer or feather.And fabric will be made to have excellent anti-chiseling down performance, conventional method one is the processing method by high-count and high-density, fabric texture softness, any surface finish, cloth cover that this method is brought are neat and well spaced, lines cleaning, anti-chiseling down and permeability good, but the fabric of this high-count and high-density requires strict to processing technology, difficulty of weaving is large, and cost is high, also popularizes completely at present and come.Two is by anti-chiseling down padding finishing or top finish in dyeing and finishing process, and top finish is at present the most general method for sorting, and the fabric feel obtained with very loud friction sound, and firmly and plate, is a kind of processing mode the most extensive at present; And by padding the method for anti-chiseling down finishing agent, although can avoid the defect that coating is brought, the preparation of anti-chiseling down finishing agent is very fastidious, if despised, then can bring the effect of anti-chiseling down poor effect or the same feel of coating.Patent CN 103147205A carries out anti-chiseling down soft finish by padding anti-plumage finishing agent, anti-plumage finishing agent used for containing organosilyl special aliphatic macromolecular compound emulsion and hydrophilic softening agent composite, gained fabric finished product good hand touch, but because in its anti-plumage finishing agent, composition is single, only play soft effect, anti-chiseling down has little effect.The compound of starch composite catalyst and acrylic acid acrylamide compound is contained during the anti-chiseling down that patent CN103535950A announces arranges, but the film forming matter Boardy Feeling of acrylic acrylamide, yellowing are serious, the feel of fabric and outward appearance are had a significant impact.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art and a kind of anti-chiseling down finishing agent and the finishing technique on anti-plumage fabric thereof are provided, after this finishing agent pads fabric, block fiber gap by bonding, improve fastness, improve fabric feel, the technique of composite ternary polymerization silicone oil softener, surface agent and preshrunk, calendering, again preshrunk again, while ensureing the anti-chiseling down effect that fabric had both had, also there is softness, sub-light, active fabric style.

A kind of anti-chiseling down finishing agent is the mixed aqueous solution of acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer, acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer, ternary polymerization silicone oil and surfactant; Wherein, acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 30 ~ 80g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 10 ~ 50g/L, surfactant 1 ~ 5g/L.

Above-mentioned anti-chiseling down finishing agent, also comprises antistatic additive, and its concentration is 0 ~ 30g/L.

Aforesaid propylene acid esters-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer is formed by following three kinds of monomer polymerizations: polyaminoester emulsion, acrylate, tetramethyl siloxanes.

In aforesaid propylene acid esters-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer, the weight ratio of three kinds of monomers is polyaminoester emulsion: acrylate: tetramethyl siloxanes=70 ~ 85:10 ~ 15:5 ~ 15.

Above-mentioned surfactant is preferably non-ionic surface active agent.

The finishing technique of above-mentioned anti-chiseling down finishing agent on anti-plumage fabric, comprising the steps: preparation anti-chiseling down finishing agent, after padding process, oven dry, preshrunk, calendering, again preshrunk, obtaining the fabric through arranging.

Anti-chiseling down finishing agent of the present invention contains surfactant as solvent, surfactant is used as emulsifying agent with emulsification or dispersion anti-chiseling down finishing agent, and improvement is applied in the uniformity of the finishing agent on fiber and the security of working environment with emulsion or dispersion.Surfactant is not particularly limited, and is selected from nonionic well known by persons skilled in the art, anion, CATION and amphoteric surfactant, can use the one in these surfactants or combination.

Non-ionic surface active agent comprises, and such as, line style polyoxyalkylene alkyl class, branching polyoxyalkylenes primary alkyl ethers, branching polyoxyalkylene secondary alkyl ether, polyoxyalkylene alkenyl ethers class, as polyethylene glycol oxide oleyl ether; Polyoxyalkylene alkyl phenyl ethers, polyoxyalkylene alkyl aryl phenyl ethers, polyoxyalkylene fatty acid ester class, sorbitan ester class, polyoxyalkylene sorbitan alcohol fatty acid ester class, polyoxyalkylene sorbitan alcohol fatty acid ester class.

Anion surfactant comprises; such as, fatty acid and their salt, polyoxyalkylene alkyl acetic acid class and their salt, the salt of carboxyl-polysubstituted aromatic compounds, polyoxyalkylene alkyl ethers sulfonic acid and their salt, higher fatty acid amides sulfonic acid and their salt, N-acyl group sarcosinates and their salt, aromatic phosphonic acids and their salt, nitrogenous alkyl phosphonic acid and their salt, alkyl sulfate and their salt.

Cationic surfactant comprises, such as, and quaternary ammonium salt and (polyoxyalkylenes) alkyl amino ether salt.

Amphoteric surfactant comprises, such as, and imidazolines surfactant, betaines surfactant and amino acid surfactant.

In above-mentioned surfactant, anion surfactant can change in time in the emulsion of anti-chiseling down finishing agent, and may affect the cross-linking properties of acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilicon modification by copolymerization polymer.Therefore non-ionic surface active agent is preferred for anti-chiseling down finishing agent, and reason is the excellent performance of their stability between the whole storage life, and emulsion acrylic ester-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer minimum on the impact of acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization crosslinked polymer performance.

Anti-chiseling down finishing agent of the present invention can also comprise the component except those components above-mentioned, antistatic additive, as the sulfate of higher alcohol or senior alcohol ether, and sulfonate, the phosphate ester salt of higher alcohol or senior alcohol ether.

The main auxiliary agent that the present invention adopts acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer to arrange as anti-chiseling down, not only maintain polyacrylate and fabric good be cross-linked into film properties, also bring crosslinked advantage soft again.After this finishing agent pads fabric, block fiber gap by bonding, improve fastness, improve fabric feel, the technique of composite ternary polymerization silicone oil softener, surfactant and preshrunk, calendering, again preshrunk again, while ensureing the anti-chiseling down effect that fabric had both had, also there is softness, sub-light, active fabric style.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment 1

Fabric: polyester-cotton blend interweaves, warp thread 60s is cotton, weft yarn 80D ultra-fine denier polyester filament yarn, on 2/1 time

The preparation of anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing agent: under room temperature, by acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 40g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 20g/L, antistatic additive 15g/L, surfactant 1g/L, each component is added in water, stirs and get final product.

Fabric processing technology:

Pre-treatment → anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 70%) → shaping and drying (170 DEG C of * 50s) → preshrunk (105 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 20m/min) → calendering (8kg pressure) → preshrunk again

Embodiment 2

Fabric: cotton 40s, 5 piece of 3 luxuriant and rich with fragrance satin weave, density 133*100

The preparation of anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing agent: under room temperature, by acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 80g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 10g/L, surfactant 2g/L, is added in water by each component, stirs and get final product.

Fabric processing technology:

Pre-treatment → anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 80%) → shaping and drying (170 DEG C of * 40s) → preshrunk (110 DEG C, dewing, speed of a motor vehicle 20m/min) → calendering (9kg pressure)

Embodiment 3

Fabric: polyamide fibre FDY fullly drawn yarn (FDY) plain weave, 40D*40D knitted by yarn

The preparation of anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing agent: under room temperature, by acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 50g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 25g/L, antistatic additive 20g/L, surfactant 3g/L, each component is added in water, stirs and get final product.

Fabric processing technology:

Pre-treatment → anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 60%) → shaping and drying (180 DEG C of * 60s) → preshrunk (120 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 30m/min) → calendering (9kg pressure)

Embodiment 4

Fabric: polyester FDY fullly drawn yarn (FDY) plain weave, 20D*20D knitted by yarn

The preparation of anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing agent: under room temperature, by acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 80g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 50g/L, antistatic additive 30g/L, surfactant 5g/L, each component is added in water, stirs and get final product.

Fabric processing technology:

Pre-treatment → anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 50%) → shaping and drying (180 DEG C of * 80s) → preshrunk (120 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 30m/min) → calendering (10kg pressure)

Embodiment 5

Fabric: radial 40s is cotton, broadwise 60s model interweaves, density 133* (80+80)

The preparation of anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing agent: under room temperature, by acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 40g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 40g/L, surfactant 1g/L, is added in water by each component, stirs and get final product.

Pre-treatment (fabric different process is different) → anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 70%) → shaping and drying (160 DEG C of * 30s) → preshrunk (105 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 30m/min) → calendering (8kg pressure)

Embodiment 6

Fabric: 100s cotton, density 133*100

The preparation of anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing agent: under room temperature, by acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 30g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 10g/L, surfactant 1g/L, is added in water by each component, stirs and get final product.

Pre-treatment (fabric different process is different) → anti-chiseling down, soft one-bath finishing (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 70%) → shaping and drying (160 DEG C of * 45s) → preshrunk (120 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 30m/min) → calendering (8kg pressure)

Comparative example 1

Fabric: cotton 40s, 5 piece of 3 luxuriant and rich with fragrance satin weave, density 133*100

Prepared by coating adhesive: EU coating adhesive 100g/L

Polydimethylsiloxane emulsified thing 20g/L

Isocyanate crosslinking 1.5g/L

Crosslinking accelerator: 1.8g/L

All the other are water

After above-mentioned auxiliary agent being modulated into coating slurry, coating machine carries out coating, dry 1min for 170 DEG C.

Next carry out calendering, preshrinking process, obtain down-proof fabric.

Comparative example 2

Fabric: cotton 40s, 5 piece of 3 luxuriant and rich with fragrance satin weave, density 133*100

Anti-chiseling down finishing agent is prepared:

DDF starch composite catalyst 3g/L

Acrylic acid acrylamide compound 50g/L

Hydrophilic softening agent 25g/L

Processing technology:

Pre-treatment → anti-chiseling down (leaching two is rolled, pick-up rate 70%) → shaping and drying (160 DEG C of * 45s) → preshrunk (120 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 30m/min) → calendering (115 DEG C, speed of a motor vehicle 50m/min)

Comparative example 3

Compared with embodiment 5, do not add ternary polymerization silicone oil in anti-chiseling down dressing liquid, remaining preparation process and dyeing and finishing technology are all identical.

Comparative example 4

Compared with embodiment 5, do not add surfactant in anti-chiseling down dressing liquid, remaining preparation process and dyeing and finishing technology are all identical.

The fabric evaluation of estimate of embodiment 1 to 6 and comparative example 1 to 4 is as follows, wherein, air penetrability, according to the mensuration of GB/T 5453-1997 textile fabric gas permeability, bores suede radical and turns case method mensuration according to GB/T 12705.2-2009 textile fabric anti-chiseling down test method Part II.

Air penetrability (mm/s) Eiderdown property (root) Feel Embodiment 1 19.6 10 Soft Embodiment 2 21.7 12 Soft, the slightly sound Embodiment 3 28.9 9 Soft Embodiment 4 24.5 13 Soft Embodiment 5 23.6 13 Good luster, soft, silent Embodiment 6 22.8 15 Very soft, silent Comparative example 1 18.9 10 Stone, have sound Comparative example 2 35.6 19 Firmly Comparative example 3 25.4 12 Firmly, sound is had Comparative example 4 26.8 16 Soft, the slightly sound

As can be seen from the table, gained fabric gas permeability of the present invention, anti-chiseling down effect and feel are all better than prior art (comparative example 1,2).The feel not adding the fabric (comparative example 3) of ternary polymerization silicone oil is obviously worse than the fabric through ternary polymerization silicone oil; Do not add the gas permeability that surfactant can have influence on fabric in comparative example 4, make eiderdown property higher, and the feel of fabric is also affected.

Claims (6)

1. an anti-chiseling down finishing agent, is characterized in that: the mixed aqueous solution being acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer, acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer, ternary polymerization silicone oil and surfactant; Wherein, acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer 30 ~ 80g/L, ternary polymerization silicone oil 10 ~ 50g/L, surfactant 1 ~ 5g/L.
2. anti-chiseling down finishing agent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise antistatic additive, and its concentration is 0 ~ 30g/L.
3. anti-chiseling down finishing agent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described acrylate-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer is formed by following three kinds of monomer polymerizations: polyaminoester emulsion, acrylate, tetramethyl siloxanes.
4. anti-chiseling down finishing agent according to claim 2, is characterized in that: in aforesaid propylene acid esters-ammonia ester-organosilyl modification by copolymerization polymer, the weight ratio of three kinds of monomers is polyaminoester emulsion: acrylate: tetramethyl siloxanes=70 ~ 85:10 ~ 15:5 ~ 15.
5. anti-chiseling down finishing agent according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described surfactant is non-ionic surface active agent.
6. the finishing technique of anti-chiseling down finishing agent according to claim 1 on anti-plumage fabric, is characterized in that: comprising the steps: preparation anti-chiseling down finishing agent, after padding process, oven dry, preshrunk, calendering, again preshrunk, obtaining the fabric through arranging.
CN201510297148.0A 2015-06-02 2015-06-02 Down-proof finishing agent and finishing process thereof on down-proof fabric CN104928935A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105420889A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-23 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Dyeing and finishing processing method for anti-bacterial down-proof fabric
CN105442153A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-30 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Jacquard down-proof fabric and production method thereof
CN106319986A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 苏州飞摩斯纺织科技有限公司 Down-proof textile gluing method
CN107304522A (en) * 2016-04-21 2017-10-31 远东新世纪股份有限公司 Keep off pile fabric
CN109322033A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-02-12 南通梦琦锐数码纺织有限公司 A kind of anti-plumage product preparation method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
许戈文 等: "《水性聚氨酯材料》", 28 February 2007 *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442153A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-30 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Jacquard down-proof fabric and production method thereof
CN105420889A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-23 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Dyeing and finishing processing method for anti-bacterial down-proof fabric
CN107304522A (en) * 2016-04-21 2017-10-31 远东新世纪股份有限公司 Keep off pile fabric
CN106319986A (en) * 2016-08-18 2017-01-11 苏州飞摩斯纺织科技有限公司 Down-proof textile gluing method
CN109322033A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-02-12 南通梦琦锐数码纺织有限公司 A kind of anti-plumage product preparation method

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Address after: 226300 Jiangsu city of Nantong province Tongzhou District Industrial Park building sun Zhihao

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