CN104908676A - Anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device - Google Patents

Anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104908676A
CN104908676A CN201510350335.0A CN201510350335A CN104908676A CN 104908676 A CN104908676 A CN 104908676A CN 201510350335 A CN201510350335 A CN 201510350335A CN 104908676 A CN104908676 A CN 104908676A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
door
window
switch
seat
closing
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510350335.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴鹏
尹江桥
朱丹克
于丽莉
左咏辉
赵志颖
庞煜
李欣
陈彦博
Original Assignee
北京北方车辆集团有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京北方车辆集团有限公司 filed Critical 北京北方车辆集团有限公司
Priority to CN201510350335.0A priority Critical patent/CN104908676A/en
Publication of CN104908676A publication Critical patent/CN104908676A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R16/00Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for
    • B60R16/005Electro-mechanical devices, e.g. switched

Abstract

The invention discloses an anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device, and relates to the technical field of vehicle structures. The device is sensitive, flexible to mount, not prone to being damaged, reliable and durable in use. The device is a non-contact type door and window opening and closing device with both corrosion preventing of external vehicle parts and sealing of internal vehicle parts considered. The device comprises a sensing base nut (1), a spring (2), a steel ball (3), a door and window sensing base (4), a door and window opening and closing sealing sleeve, a door and window opening and closing fixing fastener assembly and a door and window opening and closing sensor. All door and window opening/closing state signals of a vehicle are provided for a driver of the vehicle. The device is simple in structure, the device is improved based on an original vehicle door and window opening and closing device, an elastic contact mode is adopted, the service life of the door and window opening and closing device is greatly prolonged, the sensitivity of the door and window opening and closing device is greatly improved, and part of daily using and maintaining cost is saved for users of the vehicle.

Description

Anti-collision induction type Switch for door and window device

Technical field

The invention belongs to topics on vehicle structure technology field, relate to a kind of Switch for door and window device.

Background technology

The Switch for door and window device of military-designed vehicle, for vehicle operator provides this car all opening of doors and windows/closure states, plays warning function for the safety traffic of vehicle and artillery shooting.

Military-designed vehicle Switch for door and window device contact surface similar is at present rigid fixed sturcture, mounting and adjusting is improper, easily cause Switch for door and window device to be responded to insensitive, and there is no elastic construction, after door and window repeatedly opened/closed, easily cause Switch for door and window to respond to position permanent damage.And the door and window of military-designed vehicle has following characteristics: 1, the door and window quality of military-designed vehicle is very heavy, and dynamics is at closing time very large; 2, door and window has distortion after using for a long time.Above-mentioned two situations all likely damage Switch for door and window.Solid structure has many records damaging Switch for door and window in actual applications really.

Current civil car Switch for door and window induction installation as shown in Figure 1.The Switch for door and window induction installation of civil car uses simple mechanical switch, by the through and off of physical construction, sends electric signal to judge the state of car door opening/closed to running computer, the comparatively strong but restricted lifetime of its reliability.

Summary of the invention

(1) technical matters that will solve

The technical matters that the present invention solves is: provide a kind of anti-and break formula induction type Switch for door and window device, and this switching device is sensitive, flexible for installation, not fragile, reliability and durability, take into account that car outer member is anticorrosion, the contactless Switch for door and window device of car internals sealing.

(2) technical scheme

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, one of the present invention is anti-breaks formula induction type Switch for door and window device, comprise experience seat nut, spring, steel ball, door and window experience seat, Switch for door and window sealing shroud, Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly, Switch for door and window inductor, door and window felt piece support plate, flat gasket, spring washer; It is stepped cylindrical that described door and window experiences seat, inside has cylindrical hole; Described impression seat nut is tool tubular structure with the end, and the inwall of cylinder has negative thread; Experience seat nut to be screwed in door and window and to experience outside the smaller diameter end of seat, spring one end is fixedly connected with steel ball, is arranged in the cylindrical hole that door and window experiences seat, and the spring other end was fixed with the end experiencing seat nut; Spring washer, flat gasket, door and window felt piece support plate are enclosed within door and window from top to bottom successively and experience impression seat nut lower end outside seat smaller diameter end, by door and window felt piece support plate, door and window are experienced seat and are fixed on door-window; Described Switch for door and window sealing shroud is elastomeric material, embeds in the hole of car body steel plate; Switch for door and window inductor 7 upper end embeds the centre hole of Switch for door and window sealing shroud; Described Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly comprises Switch for door and window fixed supported slab; Switch for door and window inductor is through the centre hole of the Switch for door and window fixed supported slab of Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly, and Switch for door and window fixed supported slab two ends also have the hole through bolt, and Switch for door and window fixed supported slab two ends are bolted on car body steel plate; Described Switch for door and window inductor, comprises induction position and the inductor connecting cable of upper end, and induction position is through Switch for door and window sealing shroud, and induction bottom, position is through the centre hole of the Switch for door and window fixed supported slab of Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly; The two ends up and down of Switch for door and window fixed supported slab have nut, the screw thread fit of nut and Switch for door and window inductor periphery; The center at the induction position of steel ball center and Switch for door and window inductor upper end is placed on same axis.

Preferably, a macropore has been opened in the side of described door and window felt piece support plate, and opposite side has opened two apertures; Large and small Kong Douwei elongated hole of opening, and the direction of macropore and aperture is different, substantially vertically; Door and window experiences seat through macropore, and fixing door and window experiences the bolt of seat through aperture.

(3) beneficial effect

The present invention is by improving the structure design of Switch for door and window device, not only drastically increase switch sensitivity and reliability of service in theory, also there is flexible for installation, easy to adjust, good airproof performance, uncorruptible characteristic, and the present invention is applied on up-to-date scientific research sample car, there is the running test mileage of up to ten thousand kilometers.Therefore initial design goal can be reached by this device of sufficient proof.The present invention and existing Switch for door and window device do not have too large change on cost, but the present invention makes the damage rate of Switch for door and window reduce widely, thus reduce use and the maintenance cost of army.

In addition, compared with civilian inductive switch device, inductive switch of the present invention, without the need to carrying out mechanical contact, only need induction installation to enter its induction range (0 ~ 4 millimeter) and just can obtain induced signal, and immediately this signal is sent to car-mounted computer.This induction type Switch for door and window is highly sensitive, service life unlimited, but cost is high, does not use on civil car at present.Due to the special purpose of armored vehicle, reliability requirement is higher than civil car, so this inductive switch extensively uses on novel armored vehicle.

Structure of the present invention is simple, on the basis of original door-window switching device, device is improved, adopt Elastic Contact, greatly increase service life and the sensitivity of Switch for door and window device, for vehicle driver saves part routine use and maintenance cost.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of current civil car Switch for door and window induction installation;

Fig. 2 prevents breaking formula induction type Switch for door and window apparatus structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the right elevation of Fig. 2 bottom;

Fig. 4 is opening of doors and windows schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is that door and window experiences seat (this part nickel plating is anticorrosion);

Fig. 6 experiences seat nut (this part nickel plating is anticorrosion);

Fig. 7 is door and window felt piece support plate;

Fig. 8 is the connection diagram of Switch for door and window inductor;

Fig. 9 is circuit theory schematic diagram of the present invention.

Wherein: 1-experiences seat nut, 2-spring, 3-steel ball, 4-door and window experiences seat 5-Switch for door and window sealing shroud, 6-Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly, 7-Switch for door and window inductor, 8-car body steel plate, 9-doors and windows sealing adhesive tape, 10-door-window, 11-door and window felt piece support plate, 12-stainless steel support assembly, 13-flat gasket, 14-spring washer, 15 inductor connecting cables, 16-responds to position, 17-ground connection, 18-patchplug, 19 positive source line and signal wire (SW)s, A-Switch for door and window sensitive surface, B-steel ball contact point.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.

As shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, of the present inventionly anti-break formula induction type Switch for door and window device, comprise experience seat nut 1, spring 2 (being also called crashproof spring 2), steel ball 3, door and window experience seat 4, Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5, Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly 6, Switch for door and window inductor 7, door and window felt piece support plate 11, stainless steel support assembly 12.

As shown in Figure 5, door and window experiences seat 4 for stepped cylindrical, inside has cylindrical hole; As shown in Figure 6, experience seat nut 1 for tool tubular structure with the end, the inwall of cylinder has negative thread; Experience seat nut 1 to be screwed in door and window and to experience outside the smaller diameter end of seat 4, spring 2 one end is fixedly connected with steel ball 3, is arranged in the cylindrical hole that door and window experiences seat 4, and spring 2 other end was fixed with the end experiencing seat nut 1; Spring 2 model is GB2098-80, is of a size of 1.2X14X52; Steel ball 3 model is GB/T308 15.875.

Spring washer 14, flat gasket 13, door and window felt piece support plate 11 are enclosed within door and window from top to bottom successively and experience impression seat nut 1 lower end outside seat 4 smaller diameter end, anti-will break formula induction type Switch for door and window device be fixed on door-window 10 by door and window felt piece support plate 11 and stainless steel support assembly 12.Flat gasket 13, spring washer 14, plays the fastening effect experiencing seat nut 1.Flat gasket 13 is the corrosion-resistant steel flat gasket of M24; Spring washer 14 is the stainless steel spring packing ring of M24.

As shown in Figure 2,3, Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5 is elastomeric material, embeds in the hole of car body steel plate, plays the sealing function of car body steel plate institute perforate.Switch for door and window inductor 7 upper end embeds the centre hole of Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5.

Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly 6 comprises 1 Switch for door and window fixed supported slab, the bolt of 2 M6X12, the flat gasket of 2 M6, the spring washer of 2 M6, the hexagon thin nut of 2 M12; Inductive switching device 7 is through the centre hole of the Switch for door and window fixed supported slab of Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly 6, Switch for door and window fixed supported slab two ends are also through the hole of bolt, and Switch for door and window fixed supported slab two ends are fixed on car body steel plate 8 by bolt, flat gasket, spring washer, hexagon thin nut.

As shown in Figure 8, described Switch for door and window inductor 7, for experiencing the sensor of metal, comprise induction position and the inductor connecting cable of upper end, induction position is through Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5, and induction bottom, position is through the centre hole of the Switch for door and window fixed supported slab of Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly 6.The two ends up and down of Switch for door and window fixed supported slab have nut, the screw thread fit of nut and Switch for door and window inductor 7 periphery, can regulate the height of door and window inductive switching device 7.

Fig. 7 is door and window felt piece support plate 11, and this part has carried out nickel plating anti-corrosion treatment; On door and window felt piece support plate 11, a macropore has been opened in side, and opposite side has opened two apertures; And structurally its perforate is all elongated hole, and the direction of macropore and aperture is different, substantially vertically.Door and window experiences seat 4 through macropore, the bolt of stainless steel support assembly 12 is through aperture, such benefit is the installation being convenient to induction type Switch for door and window device top (sense device), by adjustment all around, the center at the induction position of steel ball center and Switch for door and window inductor 7 upper end is placed on same axis, the induction sensitivity of Switch for door and window can be improved.

Stainless steel support assembly 12 has 2, each stainless steel support assembly 12, comprises the spring washer of the combination cover type nut of 1 M6, the bolt of 1 M6X20, the flat gasket of 2 M6 and 1 M6.

Working process of the present invention is:

First Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5 is arranged on car body tapping and is coated with silaatic and seal; Then Switch for door and window inductor 7 is arranged on vehicle interior, at this moment the induction position of Switch for door and window inductor 7 upper end is through Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5, be fastened and fixed by Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly 6 again, nut simultaneously by reconciling Switch for door and window inductor periphery regulates the height at induction position, should be less than the car outside face 2 ~ 3 millimeters of Switch for door and window sealing shroud 5; Then steel ball 3, crashproof spring 2 being loaded successively door and window and experience seat 4, door and window is experienced seat 4 entirety and experience support plate 11 through door and window, and flat gasket 13, spring washer 14 are inserted in door and window successively experience seat 4 outside thread place, carrying out prefastened with experiencing seat nut 1; Finally door and window felt piece support plate 11 is arranged on door and window, carry out prefastened with stainless steel support assembly 12, regulate door and window to experience seat 4 and door and window felt piece support plate 11 close aftercarriage relative position at door and window simultaneously, ensure that Switch for door and window induction part potential energy senses steel ball surface enough delicately, now all fasteners are locked, complete the installation of door and window device.

As state when Fig. 4 is opening of doors and windows.Steel ball contact point B is Elastic Contact when contacting with Switch for door and window sensitive surface A, and avoiding overexerting at closing time by the contraction of spring causes Switch for door and window to damage, thus improves reliability.

As shown in Figure 8, the induction range only needing steel ball to enter Switch for door and window inductor 7 just can obtain induced signal, and immediately this feedback signal is sent to car-mounted computer.

Claims (3)

1. prevent breaking formula induction type Switch for door and window device, it is characterized in that, comprise experience seat nut (1), spring (2), steel ball (3), door and window experience seat (4), Switch for door and window sealing shroud (5), Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly (6), Switch for door and window inductor (7), door and window felt piece support plate (11), flat gasket (13), spring washer (14);
It is stepped cylindrical that described door and window experiences seat (4), inside has cylindrical hole; Described impression seat nut (1) is tool tubular structure with the end, and the inwall of cylinder has negative thread; Experience seat nut (1) to be screwed in door and window and to experience outside the smaller diameter end of seat (4), spring (2) one end is fixedly connected with steel ball (3), be arranged in the cylindrical hole that door and window experiences seat (4), spring (2) other end was fixed with the end experiencing seat nut (1);
Spring washer (14), flat gasket (13), door and window felt piece support plate (11) are enclosed within door and window from top to bottom successively and experience impression seat nut (1) lower end outside seat (4) smaller diameter end, by door and window felt piece support plate (11), door and window are experienced seat (4) and are fixed on door-window (10);
Described Switch for door and window sealing shroud (5) is elastomeric material, embeds in the hole of car body steel plate; Switch for door and window inductor (7) upper end embeds the centre hole of Switch for door and window sealing shroud (5);
Described Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly (6) comprises Switch for door and window fixed supported slab; Switch for door and window inductor (7) is through the centre hole of the Switch for door and window fixed supported slab of Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly (6), and Switch for door and window fixed supported slab two ends are fixed on car body steel plate (8);
Described Switch for door and window inductor (7), comprise induction position and the inductor connecting cable of upper end, induction position is through Switch for door and window sealing shroud (5), and induction bottom, position is through the centre hole of the Switch for door and window fixed supported slab of Switch for door and window fixation fastener assembly (6); The center at the induction position of steel ball center and Switch for door and window inductor (7) upper end is placed on same axis.
2. according to claim 1ly anti-break formula induction type Switch for door and window device, it is characterized in that, the two ends up and down of Switch for door and window fixed supported slab have nut, the screw thread fit of nut and Switch for door and window inductor (7) periphery.
3. according to claim 1ly anti-break formula induction type Switch for door and window device, it is characterized in that, a macropore has been opened in the side of described door and window felt piece support plate (11), and opposite side has opened two apertures; Large and small Kong Douwei elongated hole of opening, and the direction of macropore and aperture is different, substantially vertically; Door and window experiences seat (4) through macropore, and fixing door and window experiences the bolt of seat (4) through aperture.
CN201510350335.0A 2015-06-23 2015-06-23 Anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device CN104908676A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510350335.0A CN104908676A (en) 2015-06-23 2015-06-23 Anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510350335.0A CN104908676A (en) 2015-06-23 2015-06-23 Anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104908676A true CN104908676A (en) 2015-09-16

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CN201510350335.0A CN104908676A (en) 2015-06-23 2015-06-23 Anti-collision sensing type door and window opening and closing device

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20070005257A (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-10 현대모비스 주식회사 Power outlet having cover for vehicles
CN104328979A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-04 苏州德鲁森自动化系统有限公司 Intelligent automobile door closing control system
US20150068876A1 (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-12 Yazaki Corporation Combination switch
CN104481332A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-04-01 苏州德鲁森自动化系统有限公司 Intelligent self-adaptive vehicle door
CN204252716U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-08 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 A kind of Anti-pinch window construction
CN204252709U (en) * 2014-10-01 2015-04-08 杨庭卫 A kind of body hinge of new structure
CN204845788U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-12-09 北京北方车辆集团有限公司 Anticollision formula response type door and window switching device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20070005257A (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-10 현대모비스 주식회사 Power outlet having cover for vehicles
US20150068876A1 (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-12 Yazaki Corporation Combination switch
CN204252709U (en) * 2014-10-01 2015-04-08 杨庭卫 A kind of body hinge of new structure
CN104328979A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-02-04 苏州德鲁森自动化系统有限公司 Intelligent automobile door closing control system
CN104481332A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-04-01 苏州德鲁森自动化系统有限公司 Intelligent self-adaptive vehicle door
CN204252716U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-08 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 A kind of Anti-pinch window construction
CN204845788U (en) * 2015-06-23 2015-12-09 北京北方车辆集团有限公司 Anticollision formula response type door and window switching device

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Application publication date: 20150916

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