CN104907825B - Part taking and automatic assembling device - Google Patents

Part taking and automatic assembling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104907825B
CN104907825B CN201510278693.5A CN201510278693A CN104907825B CN 104907825 B CN104907825 B CN 104907825B CN 201510278693 A CN201510278693 A CN 201510278693A CN 104907825 B CN104907825 B CN 104907825B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
chute
feeding
bar
push rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510278693.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104907825A (en
Inventor
郭瑞琴
武帅
李中
顾海燕
贺成林
徐启喆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tongji University
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Tongji University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tongji University filed Critical Tongji University
Priority to CN201510278693.5A priority Critical patent/CN104907825B/en
Publication of CN104907825A publication Critical patent/CN104907825A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104907825B publication Critical patent/CN104907825B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/002Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units stationary whilst being composed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms

Abstract

The invention relates to a part taking and automatic assembling device used for automatically assembling a spring assembly and an elastic sealing ring to a one-way valve. The device comprises a supporting assembly, a work assembly and a cylinder. The supporting assembly comprises a support frame, the support frame is connected with the work assembly in a sliding mode through a connection unit, the cylinder is fixed to the support frame, the work assembly comprises a cylinder body, a transmission unit arranged in the cylinder body and a part taking and assembling unit connected with the transmission unit, and the transmission unit is connected with the cylinder through a cylinder piston rod. Compared with the prior art, the device has the advantages of being simple and compact in structure, high in assembly efficiency, good in practicality and the like.

Description

A kind of parts feeding and the device of automatic assembling
Technical field
The present invention relates to sheet metal assembly technology field, especially relate to the dress of a kind of parts feeding and automatic assembling Put.
Background technology
Check valve mainly by upper and lower cover, large and small sealing ring, spring, vent plug, the part such as upper and lower valve inside form, at present Using manually assembling or mechanical assembly more than spring assembly in production field valve assembly technology and elastic seal ring.People Work hand assembled has clearly disadvantageous, is on the one hand that hand assembled efficiency is low, and labor strength is high;On the other hand due to Anthropic factor, easily causing the phenomenons such as neglected loading makes the difficult quality obtaining product be guaranteed.In addition although mechanical assembly is compared with handss Move and be equipped with larger improvement, but still suffer from two problems in traditional mechanical assembling:
1st, the assembling of spring assembly and elastic seal ring can not be realized simultaneously;
2nd, multiple drive mechanisms are needed just to enable the assembling of spring assembly and elastic seal ring.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention be exactly provide to overcome the defect that above-mentioned prior art exists a kind of structure simply closely, Efficiency of assembling is high, practicality is good parts feeding and the device of automatic assembling.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of parts feeding and the device of automatic assembling, for being automatically assembled to list by spring assembly and elastic seal ring To on valve, described device includes support component, work package and cylinder, and described support component includes bracing frame, described Bracing frame is slidably connected with work package by connection unit, and described cylinder is fixed on bracing frame, described work package The gear unit including cylinder body, being arranged on cylinder interior and the feeding assembly unit being connected with gear unit, described transmission list Unit is connected with cylinder by cylinder piston rod.
Described connection unit include being arranged on the second slide block that the guide rail inside bracing frame is connected with slide and point The connecting plate not being connected with cylinder body and the second slide block, described connecting plate is provided with two clips, passes through gland and cylinder body respectively Clamping.
Described cylinder body includes interconnective upper cylinder body and lower cylinder body, and described gear unit is included from top to bottom successively First slide block of setting, push rod and fiber rod, the head of described cylinder piston rod passes through upper cylinder body top with the first slide block even Connect, between the first described slide block and upper cylinder body bottom, be provided with the first spring, described fiber rod lower end and feeding assembly unit Connect, upper end is connected with the head rotation of push rod.
Described feeding assembly unit is included sliding bar, the top board being arranged on lower cylinder body bottom and is connected with sliding bar respectively The the first feeding bar connecing and the second feeding bar, the first described feeding bar and the second feeding bar are all arranged with second spring, described The cooperation of sliding bar and fiber rod contact, the length of the first described feeding bar is longer than the second feeding bar.
Described push rod lower hollow, and lower surface is provided with multiple triangular hills, and it is provided with multiple along bottom outer-edge Fixture block.
Described fiber rod is in cylinder table structure, and fiber rod Upper cylindrical shape is coordinated with push rod bottom, and inserts top The bottom of bar, is provided with the hemispherical groove with the nose shape cooperation of sliding bar inside fiber rod lower cylindrical, and sliding bar Head relatively rotate with hemispherical groove and be connected, described fiber rod lower cylindrical outer rim is additionally provided with and fixture block quantity identical Slide plate, described slide plate lower end is coplanar with lower cylindrical, and upper end is provided with ramp projections, described ramp projections and triangular hill Form fit.
The cavity of described lower cylinder body includes upper cavity and lower chamber, and described upper cavity is sequentially provided with many along inwall circumference Group chute group, described chute group axially extends, including the first chute be arrangeding in parallel, the second chute and the 3rd chute, described The radial depth of the second chute be respectively smaller than the first chute and the radial depth of the 3rd chute, described the first chute and the 3rd The shape of chute and slide plate coordinate, and described fixture block is connected with the second slide, described chute group organize number and fixture block Number is identical.
The head of the first described feeding bar is tapered.
Also it is arranged with push rod spring outside described push rod.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has advantages below:
First, structure is simply tight:The present invention completes spring assembly and elastic seal ring using single air cylinder driven simultaneously Assembling, decreases the quantity of drive mechanism, reduces mechanism and take up room.
2nd, efficiency of assembling is high:The invention provides a kind of single cylinder automatic assembling mechanism, mechanization degree height, it is to avoid Manual assembly, can either reduce production cost, can greatly shorten installation time, improve production efficiency again, adapted to modern metaplasia Produce demand for development.
3rd, practicality is good:Present configuration is simple and practical, can be adjusted according to the flexible piece of different size and specification, Applied widely and easy to spread, good in economic efficiency.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the general assembly schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the integral layout structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the attachment structure schematic diagram between push rod and fiber rod.
Fig. 4 is sliding bar and feeding bar attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is top board structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of lower cylinder body chute group.
Wherein:1st, cylinder, 2, cylinder piston rod, 3, bracing frame, the 4, first slide block, the 5, first spring, 6, push rod, 61, three Angular projection, 62, fixture block, 7, upper cylinder body, 8, fiber rod, 81, slide plate, 9, lower cylinder body, the 91, first chute, the 92, second chute, 93rd, the 3rd chute, 10, sliding bar, the 11, first feeding bar, the 12, second feeding bar, 13, second spring, 14, top board, 15, pressure Lid, 16, connecting plate, 17, guide rail, the 18, second slide block.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment:
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the device of a kind of parts feeding and automatic assembling, for automatically assembling elastic seal ring To on spring assembly, device includes support component, work package and cylinder 1, and support component includes bracing frame 3, and bracing frame 3 passes through Connection unit is slidably connected with work package, and cylinder 1 is fixed on bracing frame 3, and work package includes cylinder body, is arranged in cylinder body The gear unit in portion and the feeding assembly unit being connected with gear unit, gear unit passes through cylinder piston rod 2 with cylinder 1 even Connect.
Connection unit include being arranged on the second slide block 18 that the guide rail 17 of bracing frame 3 inner side is slidably connected with guide rail 17 and The connecting plate 16 being connected with cylinder body and the second slide block 18 respectively, connecting plate 16 is provided with two clips, pass through respectively gland 15 with Cylinder body clamping.
As shown in Figures 4 and 5, cylinder body includes interconnective upper cylinder body 7 and lower cylinder body 9, and gear unit is included from top to bottom The first slide block 4, push rod 6 and the fiber rod 8 setting gradually, the head of cylinder piston rod 2 passes through upper cylinder body 7 top and the first slide block 4 connections, are provided with the first spring 5, fiber rod 8 lower end is connected with feeding assembly unit between the first slide block 4 and upper cylinder body 7 bottom, Upper end is connected with the head rotation of push rod 6, is also arranged with push rod spring outside push rod 6, feeding assembly unit include sliding bar 10, The top board 14 being arranged on lower cylinder body bottom and the first feeding bar 11 being connected with sliding bar 10 respectively and the second feeding bar 12, the One feeding bar 11 and the second feeding bar 12 are all arranged with second spring 13, and sliding bar 10 is contacted with fiber rod 8 cooperation, the first feeding The length of bar 11 is longer than the second feeding bar 12, and the head of the first feeding bar 11 is tapered.
Push rod 6 lower hollow, and lower surface is provided with multiple triangular hills 61, and it is provided with multiple fixture blocks along bottom outer-edge 62.
As shown in figure 3, fiber rod 8 is in cylinder table structure, fiber rod 8 Upper cylindrical shape is coordinated with push rod 6 bottom, and The bottom of insertion push rod 6, is provided with the hemispherical groove with the nose shape cooperation of sliding bar 10 inside fiber rod 8 lower cylindrical, And the head of sliding bar 10 is relatively rotated with hemispherical groove and is connected, fiber rod 8 lower cylindrical outer rim is additionally provided with and fixture block 62 Quantity identical slide plate 81, slide plate 81 lower end is coplanar with lower cylindrical, and upper end is provided with ramp projections, and ramp projections are convex with triangle Play 61 form fit.
As shown in fig. 6, the cavity of lower cylinder body 9 includes upper cavity and lower chamber, upper cavity is sequentially provided with many along inwall circumference Group chute group, described chute group axially extends, including the first chute 91 be arrangeding in parallel, the second chute 92 and the 3rd chute 93, the radial depth of the second chute 92 is respectively smaller than the radial depth of the first chute 91 and the 3rd chute 93, the first chute 91 He The shape of the 3rd chute 93 and slide plate 81 coordinate, and fixture block 62 is slidably connected with the second chute 92, the group number of chute group and fixture block 62 Number identical.
The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:
Reclaiming process:When cylinder piston rod 2 moves down, ram surface fixture block 62 is downward in lower cylinder body the first chute 91 Move, the first feeding bar 11 and the second feeding bar 12 move down therewith, and second spring 13 is compressed, during to certain position, top Bar surface fixture block 62 skids off lower cylinder body the first chute 91, thus push rod 6 due to lose the constraint of lower cylinder body the first chute 91 along under Inclined-plane upward sliding between cylinder body the first chute 91 and the second chute 92 is to the second chute 92 lower end, thus driving the first feeding Bar 11 and the second feeding bar 12 move upwards and complete feeding;
Assembling process:When cylinder piston rod 2 drives the first feeding bar 11 and the second feeding bar 12 to move to rigging position, under Spring assembly and elastic seal ring are pressed on rigging position the top board 14 of cylinder base, and cylinder piston rod 2 continues to moving down Dynamic, ram surface fixture block 62 slides down to the 3rd chute along the inclined-plane between lower cylinder body the second chute 92 and the 3rd chute 93 93, under second spring 13 return action, push rod 6 is upspring rapidly along the 3rd chute 93, and drives the first feeding bar 11 and Two feeding bars 12 move up, thus realizing the first feeding bar 11 and the second feeding bar 12 and spring assembly and elastic seal ring Separate, complete the assembling of spring assembly and elastic seal ring.

Claims (5)

1. the device of a kind of parts feeding and automatic assembling, unidirectional for being automatically assembled to spring assembly and elastic seal ring It is characterised in that described device includes support component, work package and cylinder (1) on valve, described support component includes propping up Support (3), described bracing frame (3) is slidably connected with work package by connection unit, and described cylinder (1) is fixed on support On frame (3), described work package includes cylinder body, the gear unit being arranged on cylinder interior and the feeding being connected with gear unit Assembly unit, described gear unit is connected with cylinder (1) by cylinder piston rod (2), and described cylinder body includes being connected with each other Upper cylinder body (7) and lower cylinder body (9), described gear unit includes the first slide block (4), the push rod setting gradually from top to bottom (6) and fiber rod (8), the head of described cylinder piston rod (2) is connected through upper cylinder body (7) top with the first slide block (4), institute It is provided with the first spring (5), described fiber rod (8) lower end is filled with feeding between the first slide block (4) stated and upper cylinder body (7) bottom Join unit to connect, upper end is connected with the head rotation of push rod (6), described push rod (6) lower hollow, and lower surface be provided with many Individual triangular hill (61), and it is provided with multiple fixture blocks (62) along bottom outer-edge, described fiber rod (8) is in cylinder table structure, fine Dimension bar (8) Upper cylindrical shape and push rod (6) bottom coordinate, and insert the bottom of push rod (6), fiber rod (8) lower cylindrical Inside is provided with the hemispherical groove with the nose shape cooperation of sliding bar (10), and the head of sliding bar (10) is recessed with hemispherical Groove relatively rotates connection, and described fiber rod (8) lower cylindrical outer rim is additionally provided with and fixture block (62) quantity identical slide plate (81), Described slide plate (81) lower end is coplanar with lower cylindrical, and upper end is provided with ramp projections, described ramp projections and triangular hill (61) form fit, the cavity of described lower cylinder body (9) includes upper cavity and lower chamber, described upper cavity along inwall circumference according to Secondary be provided with multigroup chute group, described chute group axially extends, including the first chute (91) be arrangeding in parallel, the second chute (92) With the 3rd chute (93), the radial depth of described the second chute (92) is respectively smaller than the first chute (91) and the 3rd chute (93) Radial depth, the shape of described the first chute (91) and the 3rd chute (93) and slide plate (81) coordinate, described fixture block (62) it is slidably connected with the second chute (92), the described group number of chute group is identical with the number of fixture block (62).
2. the device of a kind of parts feeding according to claim 1 and automatic assembling is it is characterised in that described connection Unit includes being arranged on guide rail (17) inside bracing frame (3) and guide rail (17) is slidably connected the second slide block (18) and respectively The connecting plate (16) being connected with cylinder body and the second slide block (18), described connecting plate (16) is provided with two clips, passes through respectively Gland (15) and cylinder body clamping.
3. the device of a kind of parts feeding according to claim 1 and automatic assembling is it is characterised in that described feeding Assembly unit includes sliding bar (10), the top board (14) being arranged on lower cylinder body bottom and be connected respectively with sliding bar (10) One feeding bar (11) and the second feeding bar (12), the first described feeding bar (11) and the second feeding bar (12) are all arranged with second Spring (13), described sliding bar (10) is contacted with fiber rod (8) cooperation, and the length of the first described feeding bar (11) is longer than the Two feeding bars (12).
4. the device of a kind of parts feeding according to claim 3 and automatic assembling is it is characterised in that described first The head of feeding bar (11) is tapered.
5. the device of a kind of parts feeding according to claim 1 and automatic assembling is it is characterised in that described push rod (6) outside is also arranged with push rod spring.
CN201510278693.5A 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Part taking and automatic assembling device Expired - Fee Related CN104907825B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510278693.5A CN104907825B (en) 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Part taking and automatic assembling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510278693.5A CN104907825B (en) 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Part taking and automatic assembling device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104907825A CN104907825A (en) 2015-09-16
CN104907825B true CN104907825B (en) 2017-02-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510278693.5A Expired - Fee Related CN104907825B (en) 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Part taking and automatic assembling device

Country Status (1)

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI338601B (en) * 2008-11-24 2011-03-11 Inventec Appliances Corp Automatic assembly fixture
CN103317323A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-25 苏州阿斯兰自动化科技有限公司 Ejector rob type automatic nut placing mechanism
CN103522057B (en) * 2013-09-30 2016-01-06 杭州沃镭科技有限公司 A kind of clutch master cylinder jump ring feeding press-loading apparatus
CN104015051B (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-09-21 宁波名古屋工业有限公司 Braking automobile pipe fitting automatic press mounting equipment
CN104191240B (en) * 2014-08-26 2016-05-11 四川红光汽车机电有限公司 A kind of mechanical type throttle valve body bearing assembling device

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Granted publication date: 20170222

Termination date: 20190527