CN104905070A - Feed for improving yield of Litopenaeus vannamei and production method of feed - Google Patents

Feed for improving yield of Litopenaeus vannamei and production method of feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104905070A
CN104905070A CN201510380180.5A CN201510380180A CN104905070A CN 104905070 A CN104905070 A CN 104905070A CN 201510380180 A CN201510380180 A CN 201510380180A CN 104905070 A CN104905070 A CN 104905070A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
feed
grams
oil
litopenaeus vannamei
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CN201510380180.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋思凤
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四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510380180.5A priority Critical patent/CN104905070A/en
Publication of CN104905070A publication Critical patent/CN104905070A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a feed for improving the yield of Litopenaeus vannamei and a production method of the feed. The feed comprises the following raw materials in part by weight: 40-50 parts of bone meal, 10-12 parts of soybean meal, 5-8 parts of earthworm powder, 1-5 parts of rice bran, 1-5 parts of wheat flour, 2-5 parts of beer yeast, 1-2 parts of soybean oil, 0.5-1 part of calcium dihydrogenphosphate, 1-2 parts of peanut meal, 2-3 parts of phosphatide oil, 0.5-1 part of vitamins, 1-2 parts of fish oil, 1-2 parts of shell powder and 2-6 parts of silkworm pupa. The feed is good in palatability and easy to digest and absorb, can promote the growth of fish and shrimps, and can improve the immunity.

Description

A kind of feed and processing method thereof improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output

Technical field

The present invention relates to culture fishery, be specifically related to a kind of feed and the processing method thereof that improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output.

Background technology

Prawn is the export-oriented aquaculture species grown up the earliest after China's reform and opening-up, in China's aquaculture industry, occupy critical role.Within 2009, national prawn culturing output is more than 1,300,000 t, accounts for 40% of global total output.Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low originates in the ground such as Peru, Ecuador and the Gulf of Mexico, there is the features such as growth is fast, feeding habits are assorted, strong adaptability, after introducing China from 1988, seedling-raising technique and cultural technique are constantly ripe, within 1999, start the important kind becoming China's prawn culturing, develop rapidly in southern three provinces, district, become the foster shrimp kind that national cultured area and output all rank first so far.While prawn industry high speed development, because many nursery dealer technical merits are lower, seedling-raising technique is still not mature enough, fishes and shrimps feed nutrient is single, can not meet the growth demand of fishes and shrimps completely, cause fry quality uneven, carry the serious problems such as virus and poor growth to emerge in an endless stream, survival rate of seedling is stable not, directly threatens the sustainable development of China's Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low industry, has a strong impact on the economic benefit of raiser.

The nutritional labeling of feed can not only affect the normal growth of fishes and shrimps, and the immune disease-resistance that can affect fishes and shrimps can be engaged in.To the throw something and feed object of feed of fishes and shrimps be: be that feeding fish shrimps keep good condition of health, best growth, best output to provide necessary nutritional need, and reduce the refuse brought to environment as far as possible, the profit for the best pays rational cost.Therefore, the nutritional quality that feed is good and physical property are that shrimp technology of breeding fish reaches production and the key of economic goal.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of feed and the processing method thereof that improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output.This feed good palatability, absorption easy to digest, promotes fishes and shrimps growth, improves immunity.

The present invention, in order to realize foregoing invention object, adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, it is characterized in that: by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 40-50 part, dregs of beans 10-12 part, earthworm powder 5-8 part, rice bran 1-5 part, wheat flour 1-5 part, brewer's yeast 2-5 part, soybean oil 1-2 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5-1 part, peanut meal 1-2 part, phosphatide oil 2-3 part, multivitamin 0.5-1 part, fish oil 1-2 part, oyster shell whiting 1-2 part and silkworm chrysalis 2-6 part.

Preferably, by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 42 parts, dregs of beans 10 parts, earthworm powder 8 parts, 3 parts, rice bran, wheat flour 3 parts, brewer's yeast 3.5 parts, soybean oil 1.5 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8 part, peanut meal 2 parts, phosphatide oil 2.5 parts, multivitamin 0.8 part, 1.5 parts, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 1.8 parts and silkworm chrysalis 3 parts.

Feed per kg feed of the present invention comprises multivitamin: vitamin A 6000 milligrams, vitamin D 3120 milligrams, vitamin E 10 grams, vitamin K 35 grams, Cobastab 16 grams, Cobastab 618 grams, biotin 260 milligrams, 88 grams, nicotinic acid, 4 grams, folic acid.

A kind of processing method improving the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output of the present invention, comprises the following steps:

A, premix

Take solid material by formula ratio, send in micronizer together after mixing and pulverize, can all by 60 mesh sieves, obtained mixed material;

B, stirring

In mixed material, add the soybean oil of formula ratio, phosphatide oil and fish oil, be uniformly mixed rear feeding modulator, pass into water vapour three modulation, obtained feed group;

C, granulation

Feed group is put into comminutor granulation, then to obtained feed granules spraying grease, dries and packaging preservation after being cooled to normal temperature.

Preferably, described bake out temperature is 100-120 DEG C, and drying time is 5-10min.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is:

1, the present invention is directed to the nutritional need of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, feed formula protein content accounts for about 30%, meets the nutritional need of its growth Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, grows required mineral matter and somatomedin containing it, effectively improve the survival rate of prawn.

2, scientific formulation, balanced in nutrition, meet each stage physiology of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, growth needs, erbium material coefficient is low, improves fanning economics.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, essentiality content of the present invention is described in further detail.

Embodiment 1

A kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 40 parts, dregs of beans 10 parts, earthworm powder 5 parts, 1 part, rice bran, wheat flour 1 part, brewer's yeast 2 parts, soybean oil 1 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5 part, peanut meal 1 part, phosphatide oil 2 parts, multivitamin 0.5 part, 1 part, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 1 part and silkworm chrysalis 2 parts.

Embodiment 2

A kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 50 parts, dregs of beans 12 parts, earthworm powder 8 parts, 5 parts, rice bran, wheat flour 5 parts, brewer's yeast 5 parts, soybean oil 2 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1 part, peanut meal 2 parts, phosphatide oil 3 parts, multivitamin 1 part, 2 parts, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 2 parts and silkworm chrysalis 6 parts.

Embodiment 3

A kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 45 parts, dregs of beans 11 parts, earthworm powder 6 parts, 2 parts, rice bran, wheat flour 3 parts, brewer's yeast 2.5 parts, soybean oil 1.6 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.6 part, peanut meal 1.8 parts, phosphatide oil 2.5 parts, multivitamin 0.7 part, 1.6 parts, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 1.5 parts and silkworm chrysalis 5 parts.

Every kilogram of feed comprises multivitamin: vitamin A 6000 milligrams, vitamin D 3120 milligrams, vitamin E 10 grams, vitamin K 35 grams, Cobastab 16 grams, Cobastab 618 grams, biotin 260 milligrams, 88 grams, nicotinic acid, 4 grams, folic acid.

Embodiment 4

A kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 42 parts, dregs of beans 10 parts, earthworm powder 8 parts, 3 parts, rice bran, wheat flour 3 parts, brewer's yeast 3.5 parts, soybean oil 1.5 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8 part, peanut meal 2 parts, phosphatide oil 2.5 parts, multivitamin 0.8 part, 1.5 parts, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 1.8 parts and silkworm chrysalis 3 parts.

Every kilogram of feed comprises multivitamin: vitamin A 6000 milligrams, vitamin D 3120 milligrams, vitamin E 10 grams, vitamin K 35 grams, Cobastab 16 grams, Cobastab 618 grams, biotin 260 milligrams, 88 grams, nicotinic acid, 4 grams, folic acid.

Embodiment 5

A kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 46 parts, dregs of beans 9 parts, earthworm powder 7 parts, 2 parts, rice bran, wheat flour 3 parts, brewer's yeast 3.5 parts, soybean oil 1.5 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8 part, peanut meal 2 parts, phosphatide oil 2.5 parts, multivitamin 0.8 part, 1.5 parts, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 1.8 parts and silkworm chrysalis 2 parts.

Every kilogram of feed comprises multivitamin: vitamin A 6000 milligrams, vitamin D 3120 milligrams, vitamin E 10 grams, vitamin K 35 grams, Cobastab 16 grams, Cobastab 618 grams, biotin 260 milligrams, 88 grams, nicotinic acid, 4 grams, folic acid.

Embodiment 6

A kind of processing method improving the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output of the present invention, comprises the following steps:

A, premix

Take solid material by formula ratio, send in micronizer together after mixing and pulverize, can all by 60 mesh sieves, obtained mixed material;

B, stirring

In mixed material, add the soybean oil of formula ratio, phosphatide oil and fish oil, be uniformly mixed rear feeding modulator, pass into water vapour three modulation, obtained feed group;

C, granulation

Feed group is put into comminutor granulation, then to obtained feed granules spraying grease, dries and packaging preservation after being cooled to normal temperature.

Described bake out temperature is 100 DEG C, and drying time is 5min.

Embodiment 7

A kind of processing method improving the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output of the present invention, comprises the following steps:

A, premix

Take solid material by formula ratio, send in micronizer together after mixing and pulverize, can all by 60 mesh sieves, obtained mixed material;

B, stirring

In mixed material, add the soybean oil of formula ratio, phosphatide oil and fish oil, be uniformly mixed rear feeding modulator, pass into water vapour three modulation, obtained feed group;

C, granulation

Feed group is put into comminutor granulation, then to obtained feed granules spraying grease, dries and packaging preservation after being cooled to normal temperature.

Described bake out temperature is 120 DEG C, and drying time is 10min.

Embodiment 8

A kind of processing method improving the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output of the present invention, comprises the following steps:

A, premix

Take solid material by formula ratio, send in micronizer together after mixing and pulverize, can all by 60 mesh sieves, obtained mixed material;

B, stirring

In mixed material, add the soybean oil of formula ratio, phosphatide oil and fish oil, be uniformly mixed rear feeding modulator, pass into water vapour three modulation, obtained feed group;

C, granulation

Feed group is put into comminutor granulation, then to obtained feed granules spraying grease, dries and packaging preservation after being cooled to normal temperature.

Described bake out temperature is 110 DEG C, and drying time is 8min.

Claims (5)

1. one kind is improved the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output, it is characterized in that: by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 40-50 part, dregs of beans 10-12 part, earthworm powder 5-8 part, rice bran 1-5 part, wheat flour 1-5 part, brewer's yeast 2-5 part, soybean oil 1-2 part, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5-1 part, peanut meal 1-2 part, phosphatide oil 2-3 part, multivitamin 0.5-1 part, fish oil 1-2 part, oyster shell whiting 1-2 part and silkworm chrysalis 2-6 part.
2. a kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: by weight, composed as follows: bone meal 42 parts, dregs of beans 10 parts, earthworm powder 8 parts, 3 parts, rice bran, wheat flour 3 parts, brewer's yeast 3.5 parts, soybean oil 1.5 parts, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.8 part, peanut meal 2 parts, phosphatide oil 2.5 parts, multivitamin 0.8 part, 1.5 parts, fish oil, oyster shell whiting 1.8 parts and silkworm chrysalis 3 parts.
3. a kind of feed improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output according to claim 1, is characterized in that: every kilogram of feed comprises multivitamin and is: vitamin A 6000 milligrams, vitamin D 3120 milligrams, vitamin E 10 grams, vitamin K 35 grams, Cobastab 16 grams, Cobastab 618 grams, biotin 260 milligrams, 88 grams, nicotinic acid, 4 grams, folic acid.
4. a kind of processing method improving the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output according to claim 1, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
A, premix
Take solid material by formula ratio, send in micronizer together after mixing and pulverize, can all by 60 mesh sieves, obtained mixed material;
B, stirring
In mixed material, add the soybean oil of formula ratio, phosphatide oil and fish oil, be uniformly mixed rear feeding modulator, pass into water vapour three modulation, obtained feed group;
C, granulation
Feed group is put into comminutor granulation, then to obtained feed granules spraying grease, dries and packaging preservation after being cooled to normal temperature.
5. a kind of processing method improving the feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described bake out temperature is 100-120 DEG C, drying time is 5-10min.
CN201510380180.5A 2015-07-02 2015-07-02 Feed for improving yield of Litopenaeus vannamei and production method of feed CN104905070A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106578722A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-04-26 田德远 Special feedstuff for litopenaeus vannamei

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101828644A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-09-15 中山大学 Feed for litopenaeus vannamei
CN102132783A (en) * 2011-03-15 2011-07-27 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Composite feed for feeding litopenaeus vannamei boone cultured at low salinity and preparation method thereof
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN104206924A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-17 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Efficient fish and shrimp feed
CN104397413A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 中山大学 Environment-friendly expanded feed for Litopenaeus vannamei and preparation method thereof
CN104397414A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 中山大学 Low-cost environment-friendly feeds for litopenaeus vannamei and preparation method for feeds

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101828644A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-09-15 中山大学 Feed for litopenaeus vannamei
CN102132783A (en) * 2011-03-15 2011-07-27 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Composite feed for feeding litopenaeus vannamei boone cultured at low salinity and preparation method thereof
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN104206924A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-17 苏州市相城区新时代特种水产养殖场 Efficient fish and shrimp feed
CN104397413A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 中山大学 Environment-friendly expanded feed for Litopenaeus vannamei and preparation method thereof
CN104397414A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 中山大学 Low-cost environment-friendly feeds for litopenaeus vannamei and preparation method for feeds

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106578722A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-04-26 田德远 Special feedstuff for litopenaeus vannamei

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Application publication date: 20150916