CN104904397B - A kind of fertilizer applicator - Google Patents

A kind of fertilizer applicator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104904397B
CN104904397B CN201510083418.8A CN201510083418A CN104904397B CN 104904397 B CN104904397 B CN 104904397B CN 201510083418 A CN201510083418 A CN 201510083418A CN 104904397 B CN104904397 B CN 104904397B
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
preserving case
drilling rod
fertile
applicator
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CN201510083418.8A
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CN104904397A (en
Inventor
魏春光
梁靓
闫锋
温瑞强
杨元
杨云霞
魏春元
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魏春光
杨云霞
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Priority to CN201410737949X priority
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Abstract

The invention belongs to fertilizing equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of fertilizer applicator.The technical problems to be solved by the invention be to provide it is a kind of do not limited by time, space, working space is small, the fertilizer applicator of fertilising easily and fast, easy to use.In order to solve the above problems, technical scheme provided by the present invention is:A kind of fertilizer applicator, described fertilizer applicator includes drive mechanism, fertilizer preserving case, interim fertilizer preserving case, drilling rod, drilling rod sleeve pipe, fertilizer delivering hose, goes out fertile the ring disk, the fertile the ring disk of resistance;The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Working area is small, and fertilising is convenient etc..

Description

A kind of fertilizer applicator
Technical field
The invention belongs to fertilizing equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of fertilizer applicator.
Background technology
During to big tree or dense planting plant (hedgerow etc.) fertilising, often by fertilising space or soil property limited, example Such as:Workmen will walk up and down, and the soil come of dishing out needs to be stacked, it is necessary to which certain vacant lot etc., often damages week The plant enclosed;It can not be fetched earth in the middle of some dense planting plants.Besides conventional fertilising of digging pit needs to expend a large amount of manpowers, and used time It is long, hinder root unavoidably again during digging pit;Some soils are too hard due to quality, bad to cut the earth.In order to solve these problems, if Some fertilizer applicators are counted, for being applied fertilizer by way of drilling, but still the problems such as mound can not be solved, in addition, using Fertilizer by fertilising apparatus limited, fertilization type is relatively simple, or can only use solid fertilizer, or can only use liquid Fertilizer, using solid-state it is fertile when, have the requirement of harshness again to the granularity of fertilizer, due to the physicochemical character difference of fertilizer, and plant each Growth period needs difference of fertile species etc., causes the fertilizer having to use.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention be to provide a kind of working space it is small, fertilising it is convenient and swift, be easy to use Fertilizer applicator.
In order to solve the above problems, technical scheme provided by the present invention is:
A kind of fertilizer applicator, described fertilizer applicator include drive mechanism, fertilizer preserving case, interim fertilizer preserving case, drilling rod, drilling rod sleeve pipe, Fertilizer delivering hose, go out fertile the ring disk, the fertile the ring disk of resistance;The fertilizer preserving case is annular fertilizer preserving case, and the interim fertilizer preserving case is by locating sleeve, case Body, lower fertilizer delivering pipe are fixedly connected sequentially form from top to bottom, there is a pair of vertical chutes at the top of described locating sleeve, described vertical Chute is fixed by a pin on described drilling rod sleeve pipe, and the interim fertilizer preserving case also includes piston, the piston by cock body and A pair of plug handle compositions, the plug handle is located at the top of cock body, and the plug handle upper end is provided with pin-and-hole, and lock pin connects piston through pin-and-hole It is connected on locating sleeve, is detachable connection between described piston and locating sleeve;The drilling rod is located in drilling rod sleeve pipe Portion, is flexibly connected with drilling rod sleeve pipe, and the fertilizer preserving case is fixedly connected by centre bore with drilling rod sleeve pipe, with driving at the top of the drilling rod Motivation structure is connected;Described fertilizer delivering hose is fixedly connected with fertilizer preserving case and interim fertilizer preserving case;Described goes out fertile the ring disk positioned at described Outside lower fertilizer delivering pipe, with lower fertilizer delivering pipe for it is detachable be fixedly connected or backspin can be gone up be connected;The fertile the ring disk of described resistance is located at institute Drilling rod jacket exterior is stated, fixes or backspin can be gone up being connected with drilling rod sleeve pipe.
Optionally, it is provided with the top of the fertilizer preserving case plus fertile mouth.
Optionally, described fertilizer applicator also includes flow valve, and described flow valve is arranged on fertilizer delivering hose.
Optionally, the width of the drill bit is more than or equal to the circumscribed circle diameter of the fertile the ring disk of resistance, is less than the outer of fertile the ring disk Connect circular diameter.
Optionally, described fertilizer applicator also includes handle, and described handle is fixedly connected with fertilizer preserving case or drilling rod sleeve pipe.
Optionally, the distance that the length of the vertical chute is less than or equal at the top of fertilizer preserving case bottom to plug handle.
Optionally, gap is left between the lower fertilizer delivering pipe and drilling rod sleeve pipe.
Optionally, the fertilizer delivering hose is at least one.
Optionally, described interim fertilizer preserving case is made up of transparent or semitransparent material.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Quickly, efficiently, about 1 minutes can complete one-stop operation;Fertilizer placement and Depth, angle can be adjusted arbitrarily;Fertilising flow can be adjusted as needed;Particle, liquid, powder fertilizer can be applied;Can be to green The dense planting such as hedge plant is applied fertilizer;The permeation functions that loosen the soil can be played to plant;At utmost reduce the cut wound to nursery stock root;Not by The limitation of fertilising place;It can be mechanically fixed;Fertilization depth freely controls not limited by soil property;Can be with more fertilizer;Can Soil and fertilizer are stirred, burn seedlings risk is reduced.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to become apparent from, completely illustrate present disclosure, several width, which are provided below, can most illustrate the accompanying drawing of present inventive concept. Certainly, the accompanying drawing provided is intended to illustrate the design of invention, is not the whole of design of the present invention, more should not be considered as The limitation of design content of the present invention.Under the enlightenment of provided accompanying drawing, made any scheme belongs to the protection of the present invention Scope.
Fig. 1 is fertilizer applicator overall structure diagram
Fig. 2 is the sectional view that fertilizer applicator stops fertilising state
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of fertilizer applicator fertilising state
Fig. 4 is I portions sectional view
Fig. 5 is II portions sectional view
Embodiment
In order to become apparent from, completely illustrate present disclosure, the design of the present invention is illustrated with reference to embodiment. Certainly, the embodiment provided is intended to illustrate the design of invention, is not the whole of design of the present invention, should less regard For the limitation of design content of the present invention.Under the enlightenment of provided content, made any scheme belongs to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.
A kind of fertilizer applicator, described fertilizer applicator includes drive mechanism 11, fertilizer preserving case 1, interim fertilizer preserving case 2, drilling rod 5, drilling rod Sleeve pipe 6, fertilizer delivering hose 21, go out fertile the ring disk 3, the fertile the ring disk 4 of resistance;The fertilizer preserving case is annular fertilizer preserving case, the interim fertilizer preserving case by Locating sleeve 23, casing 24, lower fertilizer delivering pipe 25 are fixedly connected sequentially form from top to bottom, have a pair at the top of described locating sleeve Vertical chute 28, the vertical chute 28 is fixed on by pin 27 on described drilling rod sleeve pipe, and fixation here is movable Fixed, i.e., pin is inserted on drilling rod sleeve pipe, and locating sleeve is hung on pin by vertical chute, and locating sleeve is along vertical chute It can move up and down.The interim fertilizer preserving case also includes piston 26, and the piston is made up of cock body 263 and a pair of plug handles 262, described Fill in handle to be located at the top of cock body, the plug handle upper end is provided with pin-and-hole, and piston is connected to locating sleeve by lock pin 261 through pin-and-hole On, it is detachable connection between described piston and locating sleeve;The drilling rod is located at drilling rod inside pipe casing, with drilling rod sleeve pipe It is flexibly connected, the fertilizer preserving case is fixedly connected by centre bore with drilling rod sleeve pipe, is connected at the top of the drilling rod with drive mechanism;Institute The fertilizer delivering hose stated is fixedly connected with fertilizer preserving case and interim fertilizer preserving case;Described goes out fertile the ring disk outside the lower fertilizer delivering pipe, It is fixedly connected with lower fertilizer delivering pipe to be detachable, that is, going out fertile the ring disk 3 can move up and down, for example, go out fertile the ring disk and pass through the defeated fertilizer with Pipe is spirally connected, and realization is moved up and down, and can also use other modes, and such as bearing pin is realized fixed and mobile.In addition, here go out fertilizer The ring disk might not have to be circular, as long as barrier effect can be played;The fertile the ring disk of described resistance is located at the drill rod sleeve Outside pipe, it is fixedly connected with drilling rod sleeve pipe.
In order to add the convenience of fertilizer, the top 12 of the fertilizer preserving case is provided with plus fertile mouth 14.
In order to control the flow of interim fertilizer preserving case, described fertilizer applicator also includes flow valve 22, described flow valve It is arranged on fertilizer delivering hose.
In order to realize out the fertile interim fertilizer preserving case of the ring disk lifting, the width of the drill bit is more than or equal to the external of the fertile the ring disk of resistance Circular diameter, is less than the circumscribed circle diameter of fertile the ring disk.
For the ease of operation, described fertilizer applicator also includes handle 13, and described handle and fertilizer preserving case or drilling rod sleeve pipe is solid Fixed connection.
In order to prevent interim fertilizer preserving case locating sleeve from impacting fertilizer preserving case, the length of the vertical chute is less than or equal to storage Distance at the top of fertilizer box bottom to plug handle.
In order to convey gap is left between fertilizer, lower fertilizer delivering pipe and the drilling rod sleeve pipe.
The fertilizer delivering hose is at least one.
For the ease of observing fertilizer amount in interim fertilizer preserving case, described interim fertilizer preserving case is transparent or semitransparent material system Into.
The basic functional principle of the fertilizer applicator is:Start drive mechanism, drive drilling rod to start to rotate, drill bit starts to underground Extension, when going out fertile the ring disk contact ground and drill bit continues toward during the extension of underground, in the presence of resistance temporarily, it will fertilizer is stored up in lifting Case, the lower fertilizer delivering pipe of interim fertilizer preserving case is separated with the fertile the ring disk of resistance, fertilizer outflow.
The detailed operation principle of the fertilizer applicator:Initially, fertilizer is stored in fertilizer preserving case, and fertilizer can be flowed into by flexible pipe to be faced When fertilizer preserving case because having fertilizer preserving case and the fertile devices of the storage of interim fertilizer preserving case two, add storage fertilizer amount.In order to control interim storage The flow of fertilizer in fertilizer box, can set flow valve on flexible pipe.When fertilizer is in interim fertilizer preserving case, due to interim storage fertilizer Piston is arranged at the bottom of case, therefore, and fertilizer can be trapped in interim fertilizer preserving case.When needing fertilising, piston is lifted, it is fixed to be fixed on On the sleeve pipe of position, separated so that the plug of piston is terraced with interim fertilizer preserving case, fertilizer flows into lower between fertilizer delivering pipe and drilling rod sleeve pipe points Among gap, and store.But it is due to that the bottom of lower fertilizer delivering pipe is provided with the fertile the ring disk of resistance, therefore, fertilizer will not flow out.When When going out fertile the ring disk and lifting interim fertilizer preserving case, the lower fertilizer delivering pipe of interim fertilizer preserving case is separated with the fertile the ring disk of resistance, fertilizer outflow.
When fertilising reaches the amount to be applied, above carry or lifting whole device, it is defeated under interim fertilizer preserving case due to Action of Gravity Field Fertile bottom of the tube is contacted with the fertile the ring disk of resistance, and fertilizer stops outflow, and fertilising terminates.
Need exist for illustrating the function of vertical chute on interim fertilizer preserving case locating sleeve, vertical chute is main Function has two:One is to play positioning function, i.e., interim fertilizer preserving case is fixed on into drilling rod sleeve pipe through vertical chute with pin On;Another is to play limit function, i.e., when drill bit extends to underground, go out the fertile interim fertilizer preserving case of the ring disk lifting, is lifted to vertical When chute bottom touches pin, interim fertilizer preserving case would not rise again, otherwise, and interim fertilizer preserving case can rise always, so that nothing Method completes fertilising.
And go out fertile the ring disk in addition to playing the interim fertilizer preserving case of lifting, realizing the function of blanking, needs can also be adjusted and applied The depth of fertilizer, i.e., by adjusting out the height of fertile the ring disk, so as to realize the depth of fertilising.Outside drilling rod sleeve outer wall and lower fertilizer delivering pipe Wall has spiral lamination, and the rotation up and down of corresponding the ring disk can be achieved.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of fertilizer applicator, it is characterised in that:
Described fertilizer applicator includes drive mechanism, fertilizer preserving case, interim fertilizer preserving case, drilling rod, drilling rod sleeve pipe, fertilizer delivering hose, goes out fertile ring Disk, the fertile the ring disk of resistance;
The fertilizer preserving case is annular fertilizer preserving case, the interim fertilizer preserving case by locating sleeve, casing, lower fertilizer delivering pipe from top to bottom successively It is formed by fixedly connecting, there are a pair of vertical chutes at the top of described locating sleeve, the vertical chute is fixed by a pin to described Drilling rod sleeve pipe on, the interim fertilizer preserving case also include piston, the piston by cock body and a pair of plug handles constitute, it is described plug handle position At the top of cock body, the plug handle upper end is provided with pin-and-hole, and piston is connected on locating sleeve by lock pin through pin-and-hole, described work It is detachable connection between plug and locating sleeve;
The drilling rod is located at drilling rod inside pipe casing, is flexibly connected with drilling rod sleeve pipe, the fertilizer preserving case passes through centre bore and drill rod sleeve Pipe is fixedly connected, and is connected at the top of the drilling rod with drive mechanism;
Described fertilizer delivering hose is fixedly connected with fertilizer preserving case and interim fertilizer preserving case;
Described goes out fertile the ring disk outside the lower fertilizer delivering pipe, is fixedly connected with lower fertilizer delivering pipe to be detachable;
The fertile the ring disk of described resistance is located at the drilling rod jacket exterior, is fixedly connected with drilling rod sleeve pipe to be detachable.
2. fertilizer applicator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is provided with the top of the fertilizer preserving case plus fertile mouth.
3. fertilizer applicator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described fertilizer applicator also includes flow valve, described Flow valve is arranged on fertilizer delivering hose.
4. fertilizer applicator according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described fertilizer applicator also includes handle, described handle It is fixedly connected with fertilizer preserving case or drilling rod sleeve pipe.
5. fertilizer applicator according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The length of the vertical chute is less than or equal to fertilizer preserving case Distance at the top of bottom to plug handle.
6. fertilizer applicator according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Seam is left between the lower fertilizer delivering pipe and drilling rod sleeve pipe Gap.
7. fertilizer applicator according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The fertilizer delivering hose is at least one.
8. fertilizer applicator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described interim fertilizer preserving case is transparent or semitransparent material It is made.
CN201510083418.8A 2014-11-30 2015-02-10 A kind of fertilizer applicator Active CN104904397B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410737949 2014-11-30
CN201410737949X 2014-11-30
CN201510083418.8A CN104904397B (en) 2014-11-30 2015-02-10 A kind of fertilizer applicator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510083418.8A CN104904397B (en) 2014-11-30 2015-02-10 A kind of fertilizer applicator

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CN104904397A CN104904397A (en) 2015-09-16
CN104904397B true CN104904397B (en) 2017-08-25

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109041732B (en) * 2018-10-09 2021-04-23 广东海洋大学 Long-acting controlled-release fertilizer fertilizing device with anti-blocking function
CN109197051A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-01-15 黑龙江省畜牧机械化研究所 A kind of agricultural machinery peanut seeding device
CN111528069A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-14 张立 Crop root fertilizing device
CN112602432A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-06 贵州福正油桐发展有限公司 Fertilizer injection unit for tung tree planting

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4290374A (en) * 1979-07-12 1981-09-22 Maples Billy G Hand-held and operated seeder apparatus
US4682550A (en) * 1985-09-27 1987-07-28 Joy Stanley E Hand-held apparatus and method for loosening, aerating and fertilizing soil plant roots
CN2078521U (en) * 1990-09-30 1991-06-12 邵培松 Deep-applying means for liquid fertilizer
CA1286162C (en) * 1987-07-27 1991-07-16 Stanley E. Joy Technique for loosening, aerating and fertilizing soil around plant roots
CN101617588A (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-01-06 董博 Fertilizer spreader
CN201414295Y (en) * 2009-05-26 2010-03-03 张桥梁 Drill rod inserting type top-dressing appliance
CN201557385U (en) * 2009-12-21 2010-08-25 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Quick positioning quantitative hole fertilization device
CN103444334A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-12-18 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 Plug type fertilizer applicator

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4290374A (en) * 1979-07-12 1981-09-22 Maples Billy G Hand-held and operated seeder apparatus
US4682550A (en) * 1985-09-27 1987-07-28 Joy Stanley E Hand-held apparatus and method for loosening, aerating and fertilizing soil plant roots
CA1286162C (en) * 1987-07-27 1991-07-16 Stanley E. Joy Technique for loosening, aerating and fertilizing soil around plant roots
CN2078521U (en) * 1990-09-30 1991-06-12 邵培松 Deep-applying means for liquid fertilizer
CN201414295Y (en) * 2009-05-26 2010-03-03 张桥梁 Drill rod inserting type top-dressing appliance
CN101617588A (en) * 2009-06-22 2010-01-06 董博 Fertilizer spreader
CN201557385U (en) * 2009-12-21 2010-08-25 河北省农林科学院农业资源环境研究所 Quick positioning quantitative hole fertilization device
CN103444334A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-12-18 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 Plug type fertilizer applicator

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Inventor after: Wei Chunguang

Inventor after: Liang Jing

Inventor after: Yan Feng

Inventor after: Wen Ruiqiang

Inventor after: Yang Yuan

Inventor after: Yang Yunxia

Inventor after: Wei Chunyuan

Inventor before: Wei Chunguang

Inventor before: Liang Jing

Inventor before: Yan Feng

Inventor before: Wen Ruiqiang

Inventor before: Yang Yuan

Inventor before: Yang Yunxia

Inventor before: Wei Chunyuan

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