CN104892131A - A plant-regulator-containing fertilizer for saline-alkali land and applications thereof in plantation of sword iris - Google Patents

A plant-regulator-containing fertilizer for saline-alkali land and applications thereof in plantation of sword iris Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104892131A
CN104892131A CN201510254901.8A CN201510254901A CN104892131A CN 104892131 A CN104892131 A CN 104892131A CN 201510254901 A CN201510254901 A CN 201510254901A CN 104892131 A CN104892131 A CN 104892131A
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China
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fertilizer
parts
soil
saltings
acid
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CN201510254901.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王胜
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Weifang Yourong Industry Co Ltd
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Weifang Yourong Industry Co Ltd
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Abstract

A plant-regulator-containing fertilizer for saline-alkali land and applications thereof in plantation of sword iris are provided. The plant-regulator-containing fertilizer comprises 8-9 parts of nitrilotriacetic acid, 10-12 parts of fulvic acid, 12-14 parts of urea, 8-10 parts of suaeda glauca powder, 6-8 parts of black snake powder, 19-21 parts of maleic anhydride, 30-32 parts of a nitric phosphate fertilizer, 9-11 parts of amino acid salts, 31-32 parts of humic acid, 2-3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1-2 parts of zinc nitrate, 1-2 parts of calcium nitrate, 2-3 parts of ammonium paramolybdate, 8-9 parts of pyruvic acid, 0.1-0.5 part of abscisic acid, 0.1 part of 2-diethylaminoethyl hexanoate and 0.05 part of jasmonic acid. The plant-regulator-containing fertilizer can effectively improve saline-alkali land soil. After improvement, the salt content of soil layers having depth of 0-30 cm is reduced to 0.15-0.2%, the soil pH value is reduced to 7.2-7.3, the soil humus content is increased by 60-65%, and the total nitrogen content of the soil is increased by 58-59%.

Description

A kind of saltings is with containing the fertilizer of plant modifying agent and the application in Chinese small iris plantation thereof
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of fertilizer and the application in Chinese small iris plantation thereof, be specifically related to a kind of saltings with containing the fertilizer of plant modifying agent and the application in Chinese small iris plantation thereof, belong to technical field of soil fertilizer.
Background technology
There is large-area saltings in China, a lot of saltings due to salt, basicity high, cannot effective planting plants; In the work in artificial reconstructed saltings, most way adopting the consumption wealth effort such as backfilling new soil.
Soil moved in improve the original is exactly soil removal and replacement, and soil moved in improve the original can improve the physical properties in saltings; Have and press down salt, pouring salt, pressure alkali and reinforcement; The effect of soil fertility, can make soil salt content be reduced to the degree of unlikely damage to crops growth; These ways, to the improvement DeGrain of soil, can only be alleviated in short-term, and the time one is long, and soil is salinization once again.
Also have a kind of way in addition, namely adopt chemical improvement agent improvement soil; Use specific fertilizer, improve soil by plantation saline alkali tolerant plant; This method can improve soil preferably, but the dedicated fertilizer that the preparation of this method needs is special, this is the direction being worth further investigation.
Heavy saline 0-30cm soil layer saltiness is high, soil depletion, nutritive ingredient famine; The fertilizer of the current alkaline land improving for heavy saline has following defect: while 1, can not improving soil pH, saltiness, improve soil nutrient structure; 2, the DeGrain of Soil Humus content, content of microorganisms, total nitrogen content is improved; 3, adopt existing fertilizer planting plants in saltings, plant quality is poor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is the deficiency solving prior art existence, provides the fertilizer of a kind of saltings containing plant modifying agent, to realize following goal of the invention:
(1) improve the alkaline land soil of planting area, 0-30cm soil layer saltiness is reduced to 0.15-0.2% from 0.58-0.6%;
(2) soil pH is reduced to 7.2-7.3 from 8.0-9.0;
(3) the humus content of the soil increases 60-65%, and total nitrogen content of soil increases 58-59%;
(4) Soil Microorganism content increases 25-28%;
(5) adopt fertilizer of the present invention, make Chinese small iris normal growth in heavy saline;
(6) adopt fertilizer of the present invention, make Chinese small iris in heavy saline survival rate to 99.6-99.8%.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, by the following technical solutions:
The fertilizer of saltings containing plant modifying agent, the component of described fertilizer comprises nitrilotriacetic acid, xanthohumic acid, urea, the fluffy powder of alkali, black snake powder, amino acid salts, S-abscisic acid, amine DA-6, jasmonic.
Below the further improvement to technique scheme:
The component of described fertilizer also comprises maleic anhydride, nitrophosphate fertilizer, humic acids, ferrous sulfate, zinc nitrate, nitrocalcite, ammonium paramolybdate, pyruvic acid.
The weight part of each component of described fertilizer is: nitrilotriacetic acid 8-9 part, xanthohumic acid 10-12 part, urea 12-14 part, alkali fluffy powder 8-10 part, black snake powder 6-8 part, maleic anhydride 19-21 part, nitrophosphate fertilizer 30-32 part, amino acid salts 9-11 part, humic acids 31-32 part, ferrous sulfate 2-3 part, zinc nitrate 1-2 part, nitrocalcite 1-2 part, ammonium paramolybdate 2-3 part, pyruvic acid 8-9 part, S-abscisic acid 0.1-0.5 part, amine DA-6 0.1 part, jasmonic 0.05 part.
Described amino acid salts comprises phenylalanine salt, arginic acid salt, glycinate, and weight part ratio is 2:3:2.
A saltings preparation method for the fertilizer containing plant modifying agent, comprise chelatropic reaction, described chelatropic reaction temperature is 92-95 DEG C, constant temperature 32-35 minute, and the chelating liquid mass concentration made is 70 ~ 80%.
The fertilizer application in Chinese small iris plantation of saltings containing plant modifying agent, comprises the selection in saltings, vernalization, nursery, fertilising, plantation, irrigation, manages, step of gathering.
Described vernalization: by 18.4mol/L concentrated sulfuric acid solution immersion treatment.
Described irrigation: make a call to four well casing combination wells in saline-alkali soil district, namely four go out the shared water outlet of hydrophthalmia; Water salinity is 1 ~ 2g/l, and pH value is 7.7 ~ 7.8, and sodium adsorption ratio is 2.3 ~ 2.5.
Behind fertilizer improvement saltings described in employing, 0-30cm soil layer saltiness is reduced to 0.15-0.2% from 0.58-0.6%, and soil pH is reduced to 7.2-7.3 from 8.0-9.0.
Behind fertilizer improvement saltings described in employing, the humus content of the soil increases 60-65%, and content of microorganisms increases 25-28%, and total nitrogen content of soil increases 58-59%.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) alkaline land soil of planting area effectively improved by fertilizer of the present invention, and plant after 2 years, 0-30cm soil layer saltiness has been reduced to 0.15-0.2%, pH from 0.58-0.6% and has dropped to 7.2-7.3 from 8.0-9.0;
(2) fertilizer of the present invention effectively improves the barren situation of the alkaline land soil of planting area, and agron increases 60-65%, and the total nitrogen content in soil increases 58-59%, and soil microorganisms content improves 25-28%;
(3) in fertilizer of the present invention, containing various trace elements and plant modifying agent, Chinese small iris normal growth in saltings can be ensured;
(4) when adopting fertilizer of the present invention plantation Chinese small iris, surviving rate is 99.6-99.8%, after 3 years, root length can reach 1.8-2.0m, the Chinese small iris florescence can extend 15-20 days, the Irisquinonum stable components extracted in the Semen Iridis of plantation, wherein Irisquinone A 84-86%, Pallasone B 9-10%, Irisquinonum total amount is 94-96%.
Embodiment
The fertilizer of embodiment 1 one kinds of saltingss containing plant modifying agent
The weight part of each component of fertilizer formula is:
Described amino acid salts comprises phenylalanine salt, arginic acid salt, glycinate, and weight part ratio is 2:3:2.
The fluffy powder of described alkali is dry fluffy for alkali stem, leaf, root to water content <9%, pulverizes the powder obtained.
Described black snake powder is for dry black snake, and water content < 10%, pulverizes the powder obtained.
The fertilizer of embodiment 2 one kinds of saltingss containing plant modifying agent
The weight part of each component of fertilizer formula is:
Described amino acid salts comprises phenylalanine salt, arginic acid salt, glycinate, and weight part ratio is 2:3:2.
The fluffy powder of described alkali is dry fluffy for alkali stem, leaf, root to water content <9%, pulverizes the powder obtained.
Described black snake powder is for dry black snake, and water content < 10%, pulverizes the powder obtained.
The fertilizer of embodiment 3 one kinds of saltingss containing plant modifying agent
The weight part of each component of fertilizer formula is:
Described amino acid salts comprises phenylalanine salt, arginic acid salt, glycinate, and weight part ratio is 2:3:2.
The fluffy powder of described alkali is dry fluffy for alkali stem, leaf, root to water content <9%, pulverizes the powder obtained.
Described black snake powder is for dry black snake, and water content < 10%, pulverizes the powder obtained.
Embodiment 4 one kinds of saltingss preparation method of the fertilizer containing plant modifying agent
Concrete steps are as follows:
1, part material is added
In reactor, add water, be warming up to 60 ~ 70 DEG C, add xanthohumic acid, urea, humic acids, stirring and dissolving.
2, chelating raw material is added
Add nitrilotriacetic acid, zinc nitrate, ferrous sulfate, nitrocalcite, ammonium paramolybdate again after dissolving, stirring and dissolving and constant temperature 22-25 minute complete to chelatropic reaction.
3, chelatropic reaction
By the solution after dissolving whole in above-mentioned steps 2, be warming up to 92-95 DEG C, constant temperature 32-35 minute, complete to chelatropic reaction, making mass concentration is 70 ~ 80% thick chelating liquid.
4, solid material mixing
Fluffy for alkali powder, black snake powder, nitrophosphate fertilizer, maleic anhydride, amino acid salts, pyruvic acid are weighed, mixes, obtain solid mixture.
5, preparing product
Chelating liquid is sprayed in above-mentioned solid mixture as binding agent, then S-abscisic acid, amine DA-6, jasmonic are sprayed in compound, then carry out granulation, after drying, cooling, screening, obtain product.
The fertilizer application in Chinese small iris plantation of embodiment 5 one kinds of saltingss containing plant modifying agent
Concrete steps are as follows:
1, the selection in saltings
The planting area selected is heavy saline, and 0-30cm soil layer saltiness is 0.58-0.6%, pH is 8.0-9.0, soil depletion, nutritive ingredient famine; Chinese small iris cannot normal growth under these growing area natural condition.
2, vernalization
Vernalization is undertaken greenly by one of committed step of planting by chinensis seed sexual propagation; Carry out vernalization to the wild chinensis seed gathered through 18.4mol/L concentrated sulfuric acid solution immersion treatment, can abolish seed strong, improve percentage of germination and seedling rate, its percentage of germination on average improves 40-50%.
3, nursery
Set up seedling bed, smooth good seedling bed tiles the mixed-matrix prepared, and described matrix is mixed in 2:1 ratio with fine sand by farmland fine earth, and through disinfecting, water content is 30-35%.
Nursery is carried out sowing seeds in seedbed, and seed is the seed after step 2 vernalization process, and every seed spacing 10cm, covers one deck fine earth after having spread seed; When soil is half-dried, feedwater of spraying in time, ensures that soil is moist.
4, apply fertilizer
A kind of saltings of embodiment 1-3 is evenly sprinkling upon with the fertilizer containing plant modifying agent the growing area chosen, every mu of fertilising 200kg, turns over spreading fertile growing area, rake.
5, plant
March plants, and selects the Chinese small iris seedling of high-quality health, the plant deinsectization liquid medicine that spray painting is diluted.
Ditched furrow, every furrow are wide 1.8 meters, and opens a wide 20cm, the irrigation ditch of dark 20cm in the middle of furrow, open wide 40cm between two furrow, the waterways of dark 30cm, every furrow can plant 4 row Chinese small iris seedlings, and spacing is about 40cm.
After planting well, soil blank between furrow is sprayed weedicide, to reduce the impact that Weeds at seedling grows Chinese small iris.
6, irrigate
Make a call to four well casing combination wells in 20 ~ 30m depths, saline-alkali soil district, namely four go out the shared water outlet of hydrophthalmia; Water salinity is 1 ~ 2g/l, and pH value is 7.7 ~ 7.8, and sodium adsorption ratio is 2.3 ~ 2.5.
After plantation, drip washing once, and leaching requirement is 40 ~ 65mm; Once, leaching requirement is 40 ~ 65mm in growth drip washing in mid-term; Once, in lessivation, adopt pipeline or anti-seepage channel water delivery, furrow is irrigated, and also can adopt sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation in every two weeks drip washing afterwards; Slightly salty is the underground water of shallow-layer 20-30m, and large-area Demonstration And Extension is conducive to controlling phreatic table, prevents the accumulation of salt in the surface soil again.
7, manage
Late April begins to spend, and mid-May, mid-June is flower eventually, and early November is withered and yellow, and the green phase reaches more than 290d to entering full-bloom stage by the end of May; Chinese small iris color and luster is dark green, and spend simple and elegant beauty, nectar delicate fragrance, the florescence reaches more than 55 days.
Will carry out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control except weeding a garden, spray 1:2:200 Bordeaux mixture, 70% thiophanate methyl, 1000 times of liquid etc., prevent and treat multiple disease and pest.
8, gather
Flower of Chinese Small Iris: Post flowering is selected fine day and plucked, and dries in the shade or dries;
Semen Iridis: during fruit maturation in 8 ~ September, cut off fruit ear, dry, beat and get seed, removing impurity;
Root of Chinese Small Iris, leaf: 8 ~ September gathers, dry.
The fertilizer adopting the formula of embodiment 1,2,3 to prepare, by the implantation methods of embodiment 5, tests respectively, and the effect specific targets of soil improvement are in table 1, and the experimental result specific targets of plantation Chinese small iris are in table 2.
The effect table of table 1 soil improvement
The experimental result table of Chinese small iris planted by table 2 kind
Through test, implement 2 every soil root system improved effects best, the indices of plantation Chinese small iris is also optimum, is preferred embodiment.
The alkaline land soil of planting area effectively improved by fertilizer of the present invention, and plant after 2 years, 0-30cm soil layer saltiness has been reduced to 0.15-0.2%, pH from 0.58-0.6% and has dropped to 7.2-7.3 from 8.0-9.0; The situation that effective alkaline land soil improving planting area is barren, agron increases 60-65%, and the total nitrogen content in soil increases 58-59%, and soil microorganisms content improves 25-28%; In fertilizer of the present invention, containing various trace elements and plant modifying agent, Chinese small iris normal growth in saltings can be ensured; When adopting fertilizer of the present invention to plant Chinese small iris, surviving rate is 99.6-99.8%, after 3 years, root length can reach 1.8-2.0m, the Chinese small iris florescence can extend 15-20 days, the Irisquinonum stable components extracted in the Semen Iridis of plantation, wherein Irisquinone A 84-86%, Pallasone B 9-10%, Irisquinonum total amount is 94-96%.
The above is the citing of best mode for carrying out the invention, and the part wherein do not addressed in detail is the common practise of those of ordinary skill in the art; Protection scope of the present invention is as the criterion with the content of claim, and any equivalent transformation carried out based on technology enlightenment of the present invention, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the fertilizer of saltings containing plant modifying agent, is characterized in that: the component of described fertilizer comprises nitrilotriacetic acid, xanthohumic acid, urea, the fluffy powder of alkali, black snake powder, amino acid salts, S-abscisic acid, amine DA-6, jasmonic.
2. the fertilizer of a kind of saltings according to claim 1 containing plant modifying agent, is characterized in that: the component of described fertilizer also comprises maleic anhydride, nitrophosphate fertilizer, humic acids, ferrous sulfate, zinc nitrate, nitrocalcite, ammonium paramolybdate, pyruvic acid.
3. the fertilizer of a kind of saltings according to claim 1 containing plant modifying agent, is characterized in that: the weight part of each component of described fertilizer is: nitrilotriacetic acid 8-9 part, xanthohumic acid 10-12 part, urea 12-14 part, alkali fluffy powder 8-10 part, black snake powder 6-8 part, maleic anhydride 19-21 part, nitrophosphate fertilizer 30-32 part, amino acid salts 9-11 part, humic acids 31-32 part, ferrous sulfate 2-3 part, zinc nitrate 1-2 part, nitrocalcite 1-2 part, ammonium paramolybdate 2-3 part, pyruvic acid 8-9 part, S-abscisic acid 0.1-0.5 part, amine DA-6 0.1 part, jasmonic 0.05 part.
4. the fertilizer of a kind of saltings according to claim 1 containing plant modifying agent, it is characterized in that: described amino acid salts comprises phenylalanine salt, arginic acid salt, glycinate, weight part ratio is 2:3:2.
5. a saltings preparation method for the fertilizer containing plant modifying agent, it is characterized in that: comprise chelatropic reaction, described chelatropic reaction temperature is 92-95 DEG C, constant temperature 32-35 minute, and the chelating liquid mass concentration made is 70 ~ 80%.
6. the fertilizer application in Chinese small iris plantation of saltings containing plant modifying agent, is characterized in that: comprise the selection in saltings, vernalization, nursery, fertilising, plantation, irrigation, manage, step of gathering.
7. the fertilizer application in Chinese small iris plantation of a kind of saltings according to claim 6 containing plant modifying agent, is characterized in that: described vernalization: by 18.4mol/L concentrated sulfuric acid solution immersion treatment.
8. the fertilizer application in Chinese small iris plantation of a kind of saltings according to claim 6 containing plant modifying agent, is characterized in that: described irrigation: make a call to four well casing combination wells in saline-alkali soil district, namely four go out the shared water outlet of hydrophthalmia; Water salinity is 1 ~ 2g/l, and pH value is 7.7 ~ 7.8, and sodium adsorption ratio is 2.3 ~ 2.5.
9. the fertilizer of a kind of saltings according to claim 1 containing plant modifying agent, it is characterized in that: behind the fertilizer improvement saltings described in employing, 0-30cm soil layer saltiness is reduced to 0.15-0.2% from 0.58-0.6%, and soil pH is reduced to 7.2-7.3 from 8.0-9.0.
10. the fertilizer of a kind of saltings according to claim 1 containing plant modifying agent, it is characterized in that: behind the fertilizer improvement saltings described in employing, the humus content of the soil increases 60-65%, and content of microorganisms increases 25-28%, and total nitrogen content of soil increases 58-59%.
CN201510254901.8A 2015-05-19 2015-05-19 A plant-regulator-containing fertilizer for saline-alkali land and applications thereof in plantation of sword iris Pending CN104892131A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106034444A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for performing raw soil greening on moderate saline land through soil conditioner comprising rice bran
CN106034445A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for carrying out original soil greening of drought and flood saline and alkaline lands through employing soil conditioner containing phethalanilic acid
CN106034447A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for carrying out original-soil greening on coastal saline-alkaline land through under-mulch drip irrigation technique by using conditioner containing soil yeast liquid
CN106034448A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for carrying out original-soil greening on high-water-elevation sandy-alkaline land through under-mulch drip irrigation technique by using amendment containing halophiles
CN106190138A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of anti-salt alkali composition containing Semen Strychni and preparation method thereof
CN109744271A (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-14 丹阳西联生物技术有限公司 A kind of medicament improving seedling growth gesture
CN109744272A (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-14 丹阳西联生物技术有限公司 A kind of medicament improving Growth of Dendrobium candidum gesture

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CN101100606A (en) * 2007-07-31 2008-01-09 李智强 Conditioner for alkaline soil
CN101836546A (en) * 2010-05-04 2010-09-22 四川大学 Construction method of plant community in northwest region
CN101946803A (en) * 2009-12-28 2011-01-19 吉林省农业科学院 Beet stress-resistant yield and sugar increasing series composite growth regulator and systematic chemical regulation method
CN104115650A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-29 北京林大林业科技股份有限公司 Greening method for saline-alkaline land

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101100606A (en) * 2007-07-31 2008-01-09 李智强 Conditioner for alkaline soil
CN101946803A (en) * 2009-12-28 2011-01-19 吉林省农业科学院 Beet stress-resistant yield and sugar increasing series composite growth regulator and systematic chemical regulation method
CN101836546A (en) * 2010-05-04 2010-09-22 四川大学 Construction method of plant community in northwest region
CN104115650A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-29 北京林大林业科技股份有限公司 Greening method for saline-alkaline land

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106034444A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for performing raw soil greening on moderate saline land through soil conditioner comprising rice bran
CN106034445A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for carrying out original soil greening of drought and flood saline and alkaline lands through employing soil conditioner containing phethalanilic acid
CN106034447A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for carrying out original-soil greening on coastal saline-alkaline land through under-mulch drip irrigation technique by using conditioner containing soil yeast liquid
CN106034448A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Method for carrying out original-soil greening on high-water-elevation sandy-alkaline land through under-mulch drip irrigation technique by using amendment containing halophiles
CN106190138A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of anti-salt alkali composition containing Semen Strychni and preparation method thereof
CN109744271A (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-14 丹阳西联生物技术有限公司 A kind of medicament improving seedling growth gesture
CN109744272A (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-14 丹阳西联生物技术有限公司 A kind of medicament improving Growth of Dendrobium candidum gesture

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Application publication date: 20150909