CN104889393A - Digital five-axis laser additive manufacturing and forming machine - Google Patents

Digital five-axis laser additive manufacturing and forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104889393A
CN104889393A CN201510268248.0A CN201510268248A CN104889393A CN 104889393 A CN104889393 A CN 104889393A CN 201510268248 A CN201510268248 A CN 201510268248A CN 104889393 A CN104889393 A CN 104889393A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
laser
forming machine
direct
work module
gain material
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Pending
Application number
CN201510268248.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
单忠德
孙福臻
刘丰
张敏
曲文峰
姜波
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Advanced Manufacture Technology Center China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology
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Advanced Manufacture Technology Center China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology
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Application filed by Advanced Manufacture Technology Center China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology filed Critical Advanced Manufacture Technology Center China Academy of Machinery Science and Technology
Priority to CN201510268248.0A priority Critical patent/CN104889393A/en
Publication of CN104889393A publication Critical patent/CN104889393A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

The invention provides a digital five-axis laser additive manufacturing and forming machine. The machine comprises a body linear positioning system, a laser rotary positioning system, a transfer platform system, a water chilling unit, a powder feeder, a laser, an outer cover and an electronic control cabinet. The transfer platform system is adopted in the laser additive manufacturing and forming machine, five-axis linkage of a laser work module can be achieved, and digital, low-cost, high-precision, short-period, large-size, high-complexity and multi-work-face laser additive manufacturing and forming of workpeices are achieved.

Description

Digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to laser gain material and manufacture field, particularly a kind of digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine.
Background technology
Laser gain material manufacturing technology, take high energy laser beam as thermal source, with powder such as plastics, pottery, metals for adding material, directly be rapidly converted into entity component by CAD mathematical model, be the important component part increasing material manufacturing technology, in solution industrial production, have great advantage in the problem such as difficult-to-machine material, labyrinth, fast manufacture.
The metal parts of laser gain material manufacturing technology manufacture has high strength, high dimensional accuracy, watertightness and lightweight feature, be widely used in fields such as Aero-Space, national defence, medical treatment, automobile, electronics, embody the superiority directly manufacturing metal parts.The laser gain material manufacturing technology of metal parts has been not only supplementing conventional arts such as casting, forging, welderings, and the high accuracy of its process and the manufacture characteristic of rapidoprint popularity make it to be better than conventional art.
Domestic existing laser gain material manufacturing equipment, generally has that forming dimension is little, efficiency is low, high in cost of production shortcoming, and cannot complete the shaping work of high complexity and Multi-working-surface; Exploitation high accuracy, digitized laser gain material manufacture forming machine, realize the laser gain material manufacture shaping work of the low cost of workpiece, high accuracy, short period, large scale, high complexity, Multi-working-surface, become problem demanding prompt solution.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of digitlization five axle laser gain material and manufacture forming machine, the laser gain material manufacture shaping work of the digitlization of workpiece, low cost, high accuracy, short period, large scale, high complexity, many scope of operations can be realized.
A kind of digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine, comprising: main body straight line navigation system, laser rotary positioning system, handpiece Water Chilling Units, powder feeder, laser instrument, outer outlet body, electrical control cubicles, also comprises transfer formula plateform system.
Further, transfer formula plateform system comprises processing platform, drive unit, welding base, guard shield, and wherein, processing platform is welded on rectangular tube, is connected, can realizes being slidably matched by slide block with the guide rail on welding base.
Further, laser rotary positioning system comprises the first direct-connected motor, laser revolution positioning base, right angle, laser revolution location seat, the second direct-connected motor, laser work module mounting plate, laser work module.
Further, laser revolution positioning base is installed in the Z axis kinematic system in main body straight line navigation system, first direct-connected motor and laser turn round locates right angle seat and is installed on laser and turns round on positioning base, and right angle, laser revolution location seat can rotate around Z-direction under the driving of the first direct-connected motor.
Further, laser work module mounting plate and the second direct-connected motor are installed on laser and turn round and locate on right angle seat, and laser work module mounting plate can rotate under the driving of the second direct-connected motor within the scope of predetermined angular.
Further, laser work module is fixed on laser work module mounting plate.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantage of the following aspects.
1, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine and adopts transfer formula plateform system, makes to put part, pickup more convenient, reduces the workload of workman, improve working (machining) efficiency.
2, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine and adopts five-axle linkage, can realize the laser gain material manufacture shaping work of Multi-working-surface, high complexity workpiece.
3, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine movement travel greatly, thus increases the breadth that effectively works, and can realize the laser gain material manufacture shaping work of large-size workpiece.
4, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufacture forming machine forming accuracy is high, and the instruction feedback time is short, is more suitable for the laser gain material manufacture shaping work of precision workpiece.
5, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine by changing each shaft size and processing platform size, realizes producing in serial form.
6, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine and adopts complete special digital control system in open type, have cured laser flexible fabrication process parameters, and can Stochastic choice path starting point, improves working (machining) efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is the overall structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures forming machine.
Fig. 3 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures main body straight line navigation system in forming machine.
Fig. 4 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures left X-axis kinematic system in forming machine.
Fig. 5 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures Y-axis kinematic system in forming machine.
Fig. 6 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures Z axis kinematic system in forming machine.
Fig. 7 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures laser rotary positioning system in forming machine.
Fig. 8 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures transfer formula plateform system in forming machine.
Fig. 9 is the structure that digitlization five axle laser gain material of the present invention manufactures outer outlet body in forming machine.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described in detail, but the multitude of different ways that the present invention can be defined by the claims and cover is implemented.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 9 provides a preferred embodiment of the present invention, as shown in the figure, this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufacture forming machine comprises main body straight line navigation system 1, laser rotary positioning system 2, transfer formula plateform system 3, handpiece Water Chilling Units 4, powder feeder 5, laser instrument 6, outer outlet body 7, electrical control cubicles 8.
Main body straight line navigation system 1 forms the kinematic system that this digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine, by NC code command, controls the motion of each axle, completes the laser gain material manufacture shaping work to workpiece.
As shown in Figure 3, main body straight line navigation system 1, comprises the overall assembly 11 of frame, X-axis kinematic system 12 and 13, Y-axis kinematic system 14, Z axis kinematic system 15.
The overall assembly 11 of frame, comprise equipment side bearing assembly and transport connecting cross beam assembly, wherein, equipment side bearing assembly is connected with ground by foundation bolt.
X-axis kinematic system, comprises the preset distance of being separated by between left X-axis kinematic system 12 and right X-axis kinematic system 13, two system be arranged in parallel.
Left X-axis kinematic system 12 is connected with equipment left support abutment assembly, as shown in Figure 4, comprises left X beam 121, left X-axis slide unit cover 122, left X-axis slide unit 123, left X-axis drive unit 124, left X-axis guide rail 125, left X-axis buffer 126.Left X-axis guide rail 125 is installed on left X beam 121, and left X-axis slide unit 123 can along left X-axis guide rail 125 single dof mobility.In the present embodiment, left X-axis drive unit 124 adopts driven by servomotor tooth bar or leading screw as gear unit, realizes the motion of left X-axis slide unit 123.
The structure composition of right X-axis kinematic system 13 is identical with left X-axis kinematic system 12 with function mode, with reference to foregoing teachings, can not repeat at this.
Distance between left X-axis kinematic system 12 and right X-axis kinematic system 13 is determined by the width of processing platform 31 in transfer formula plateform system 3, left X-axis kinematic system 12 can be set to larger distance with the distance of right X-axis kinematic system, the corresponding increasing of processing platform 31, to adapt to the laser gain material manufacture of large-size workpiece.
Y-axis kinematic system 14 two ends are connected with left X-axis kinematic system 12, right X-axis kinematic system 13 respectively by slide block, slidably coordinate, and as shown in Figure 5, comprise Y beam 141, Y-axis guide rail 142, Y-axis drive unit 143, Y-axis slide unit 144, Y-axis buffer 146.Y-axis guide rail 142 is installed on Y beam 141, and Y-axis slide unit 144 can along Y-axis guide rail 142 single dof mobility.In the present embodiment, Y-axis drive unit 143 adopts driven by servomotor tooth bar or leading screw as gear unit, realizes the motion of Y-axis slide unit 144.
Z axis kinematic system 15 is connected with Y-axis kinematic system 14 by slide block, slidably coordinates, and as shown in Figure 6, comprises Z beam 151, Z axis guide rail 152, Z axis slide unit 153, Z axis buffer 154.Z axis guide rail 152 is installed on Z beam 151, and Z axis slide unit 153 can along Z axis guide rail 152 single-degree-of-freedom relative sliding.
Preferably, Y-axis slide unit 144 and Z axis slide unit 153 can share a YZ axle slide unit cover 145.
As shown in Figure 7, laser rotary positioning system 2 comprises the first direct-connected motor 21, laser revolution positioning base 22, the direct-connected motor 24 of laser revolution location right angle seat 23, second, laser work module mounting plate 25, laser work module 26.
Further, laser revolution positioning base 22 is installed in the Z axis kinematic system 15 in main body straight line navigation system, first direct-connected motor 21 and laser turn rounds locate right angle seat 23 and is installed on laser and turns round on positioning base 22, and laser turns round and locates right angle seat 23 and can rotate around Z-direction under the driving of the first direct-connected motor 21.
Further, laser work module mounting plate 25 and the second direct-connected motor 24 are installed on laser and turn round and to locate on right angle seat 23, and laser work module mounting plate 25 can rotate under the driving of the second direct-connected motor 24 within the scope of predetermined angular.
Further, laser work module 26 is fixed on laser work module mounting plate 25.
As shown in Figure 8, transfer formula plateform system 3 is arranged between the overall assembly 11 of frame, for changing and supporting processing work, comprises processing platform 31, drive unit 33, welding base 34, guard shield 35.Processing platform 31 is welded on base 34 by rectangular tube 32, and under the drive of drive unit 33, can slide, realize the replacing of processing work along welding base 34 single-degree-of-freedom.In the present embodiment, drive unit 33 adopts servomotor, and welding base 34 is parallel to X-direction, can realize processing platform 31 motion in X direction.
As shown in Figure 9, outer outlet body 7, comprises exhaust duct 71, module outside plate 72, front door body 73, outer cover skeleton 74, back door body 75.Wherein, the exhaust duct 71 on top is connected by air duct flange with module outside plate 72, and module outside plate 72 bottom is connected with ground by adjustment base.
The present embodiment adopts complete special digital control system in open type, this system cures laser fast forming technological parameter, and can Stochastic choice path starting point, guarantees forming accuracy.
Although the embodiment disclosed by the present invention is as above, the embodiment that described content just adopts for the ease of understanding the present invention, and be not used to limit the present invention.Technical staff in any the technical field of the invention; under the prerequisite not departing from the spirit and scope disclosed by the present invention; any amendment and change can be done what implement in form and in details; but scope of patent protection of the present invention, the scope that still must define with appending claims is as the criterion.

Claims (6)

1. a digitlization five axle laser gain material manufactures forming machine, it is characterized in that, comprise: main body straight line navigation system (1), laser rotary positioning system (2), handpiece Water Chilling Units (4), powder feeder (5), laser instrument (6), outer outlet body (7), electrical control cubicles (8), also comprise transfer formula plateform system (3).
2. digitlization five axle laser gain material according to claim 1 manufactures forming machine, it is characterized in that, described transfer formula plateform system (3), comprise processing platform (31), drive unit (33), welding base (34), guard shield (35), described processing platform (31) is welded on rectangular tube (32), be connected with the guide rail in welding base (34) by slide block, can realize being slidably matched.
3. digitlization five axle laser gain material according to claim 1 manufactures forming machine, it is characterized in that, described laser rotary positioning system (2), comprises the first direct-connected motor (21), laser revolution positioning base (22), laser revolution right angle seat, location (23), the second direct-connected motor (24), laser work module mounting plate (25), laser work module (26).
4. laser rotary positioning system (2) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, laser revolution positioning base (22) is installed in the Z axis kinematic system (15) in main body straight line navigation system (1), first direct-connected motor (21) and laser turn rounds locate right angle seat (23) and is installed on laser and turns round on positioning base (22), and laser turns round and locates right angle seat (23) and can rotate around Z-direction under the driving of the first direct-connected motor (21).
5. laser rotary positioning system (2) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, laser work module mounting plate (25) and the second direct-connected motor (24) are installed on laser and turn round and locate on right angle seat (23), and laser work module mounting plate (25) can rotate under the driving of the second direct-connected motor (24) within the scope of predetermined angular.
6. laser rotary positioning system (2) according to claim 1, is characterized in that, laser work module (26) is fixed on laser work module mounting plate (25).
CN201510268248.0A 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 Digital five-axis laser additive manufacturing and forming machine Pending CN104889393A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN105128344A (en) * 2015-10-23 2015-12-09 南京倍立达新材料系统工程股份有限公司 Large 3D printing and five-axis linking all-in-one machine

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CN205074534U (en) * 2015-05-25 2016-03-09 机械科学研究总院先进制造技术研究中心 Five spool digital laser vibration material disk take shape quick -wittedly

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120261393A1 (en) * 2009-06-11 2012-10-18 Steffen Nowotny Modular system for surface welding inner surfaces of workpieces, comprising a laser beam and multiple modules
CN101690994A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-04-07 华中科技大学 Numerical control laser processing device
CN101690993A (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-04-07 华中科技大学 Multi-axis linkage numerical control laser processing system
CN102451953A (en) * 2010-10-20 2012-05-16 中国科学院力学研究所 Multi-functional laser processing manufacturing system
CN202571608U (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-12-05 江苏扬力数控机床有限公司 Three-dimensional laser cutter
CN202684336U (en) * 2012-07-12 2013-01-23 南京南传激光设备有限公司 Digital control double-pendulum-head five-shaft linkage three-dimensional optical fiber laser cutting machine
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105128344A (en) * 2015-10-23 2015-12-09 南京倍立达新材料系统工程股份有限公司 Large 3D printing and five-axis linking all-in-one machine

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Application publication date: 20150909