CN104881900A - Vehicle side parking charge management system based on radio frequency license plate with communication function - Google Patents

Vehicle side parking charge management system based on radio frequency license plate with communication function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104881900A
CN104881900A CN201510270730.8A CN201510270730A CN104881900A CN 104881900 A CN104881900 A CN 104881900A CN 201510270730 A CN201510270730 A CN 201510270730A CN 104881900 A CN104881900 A CN 104881900A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
parking
radio frequency
vehicle
information
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CN201510270730.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
焦林
Original Assignee
深圳市骄冠科技实业有限公司
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Priority to CN201510270730.8A priority Critical patent/CN104881900A/en
Publication of CN104881900A publication Critical patent/CN104881900A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K17/00Methods or arrangements for effecting co-operative working between equipments covered by two or more of the preceding main groups, e.g. automatic card files incorporating conveying and reading operations
    • G06K17/0022Methods or arrangements for effecting co-operative working between equipments covered by two or more of the preceding main groups, e.g. automatic card files incorporating conveying and reading operations arrangements or provisious for transferring data to distant stations, e.g. from a sensing device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/06Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems
    • G07B15/063Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems using wireless information transmission between the vehicle and a fixed station

Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle side parking charge management system based on a radio frequency license plate with a communication function. The vehicle side parking charge management system is characterized by comprising parking slot buried antenna assemblies which are distributed under all parking slots respectively. Each parking slot buried antenna assembly is connected with an RFID reader-writer. The RFID reader-writer is connected with a side parking node information server. The side parking node information server is connected with a side parking system data center. The RFID reader-writer adopts a time-division system, is connected with each parking slot buried antenna assembly, and works to read information of radio frequency license plates with the communication function of passing or parking vehicles. The RFID reader-writer is connected with the side parking node information server and the side parking system data center, so as to form the vehicle side parking charge management system based on the radio frequency license plate with the communication function.

Description

A kind of vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate

[technical field]

The present invention relates to a kind of Vehicle Highway the management of parking charge system, relating to a kind of vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate specifically.

[background technology]

Curb parking fee collecting system is as an important ring of municipal highway traffic management applications, also be the mark embodying urban transportation modern management level, reasonably utilize curb parking fee collecting system for dredging urban transportation, the city's looks that improve the appearance of the city, social security of improving, increase government finance and take in all there is very important meaning.Current curb parking fee collecting system has two kinds of patterns at present:

1, card clock-type curb parking fee collecting system:

This technology adopts card clock card reader to carry out toll administration, card clock card reader also claims " Parking Meter ", i.e. electronic timepiece, adopt the mode of this timing charge-by-card, car owner is when taking road and parking cars in prompting, concept of time and payment consciousness should be had, with reduce engine motor-car to the holding time of road and space, improve the current function of road.Its use principle is, before stopping, the hand-held parking card of paying the fees in advance of car owner is inserted into " card clock " card reader of curb parking position, simultaneously in the time of " card clock " upper input Programmed Stop, after " card clock " accreditation, car owner extracts parking card out, completes curb parking registration.

Keep an eye on because " card clock " formula roadside Fare Collection System needs full-time worker to make an inspection tour, prevented people not plug-in card stealthily stop, so use cost is very high, effect is poor, is difficult to penetration and promotion.

2, " should stop " mobile telephone registration curb parking fee collecting system:

System of " should stopping " adopts the automobile on buried electromagnetic inductor identification parking stall, parking stall, after there is automobile parking information on toll center acquisition parking stall, by verifying car owner mobile phone parking log-on message, by collecting parking fee on the net, city pilot uses this technology in Shenzhen etc. at present.But its defect is as follows:

(1) the buried electromagnetic inductor in parking stall can only identify that automobile has been stopped in curb parking position, can not identify the information such as License Plate, type of vehicle, car owner's type, cannot set up curb parking database.

(2) car is parked in curb parking position by the car owner not doing curb parking registration, do not arrive before car is sailed out of parking stall " should shutdown system " managerial personnel, " should shutdown system " cannot demand parking fee to the car owner of unregistered parking, thus cause parking fee to run off.

(3) in order to prevent unregistered vehicle from taking parking stall, " should shutdown system " be equipped with floor manager, goes to unregistered vehicle to take parking stall, vehicle is puted up recovery parking fee penalty note." should shutdown system " be equipped with result of use and the economic return of the quantity impact " should shutdown system " of floor manager, and floor manager turn increases the operating cost of " should shutdown system ".

(4) " should shutdown system " requires that car owner has smart mobile phone, and downloads the APP special software that should stop, and is associated with bank card, by mobile phone operation before parking, implements registration of stopping.Mobile phone uses unskilled car owner can not curb parking because being ignorant of using, for car owner makes troubles.

(5) each parking stall only has a buried electromagnetic inductor, spacing 5.5-6 rice, automobile is parked within border, parking stall just can sense automobile, if automobile is parked between two parking stalls, namely be parked between two buried electromagnetic inductors, two electromagnetic inductor identifications enter parking stall less than automobile.

Increase sharply with under traffic administration and safety management demand at vehicle fleet size, set up the curb parking charging administration system being accurate to number plate of vehicle, type of vehicle, car owner's type, reduce curb parking handling cost, stop the stealthily Parking situation of not paying the fees, improve the curb parking efficiency of management and level, become a reality demand.

Chinese invention patent CN104442619A discloses a kind of RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function, this technology is researched and developed by the present inventor and is applied for Chinese invention patent subsequently, and submit international PCT patent application to based on this patented claim, the patent application disclose a kind of RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function, it comprises car plate shell, seven ingredients are provided with: active radio frequency chip in described car plate shell, dipole antenna and near field antenna, Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, data processor, vibration transducer, Voltage Cortrol and power failure alarm device, GPRS wireless communication module assembly, the present invention can assist to set up vehicle dynamic location database, determine the position of each car on highway, for inquiring about loss car, fake-licensed car position, inquire about certain truck position, improve social safety management level, and with radio frequency car plate for information carrier and communication media, foundation relates to Vehicle Highway relevant departments and driver, the large data car networking of car owner unit.

In addition, Chinese invention patent CN104538724A discloses a kind of buried antenna frame device and the underground installation method thereof that are applied to RFID radio-frequency (RF) identification, this technology is researched and developed by the present inventor and is applied for Chinese invention patent subsequently, and submit international PCT patent application to based on this patented claim, this patented claim comprises insulating medium skeleton and metal outer frame frame, described insulating medium skeleton is acrylic plastering, be provided with an antenna hole wherein, described antenna hole is used for installing wire antenna, described insulating medium skeletal internal side is provided with groove, in described groove, vibration transducer is installed respectively in two ends, sensor connects wire, described metal outer frame frame is made up of steel plate, its inside and insulating medium skeleton closely cooperate, on metal outer frame frame, on plane and insulating medium skeleton, plane is consistent, described metal outer frame frame one end is provided with radio-frequency antenna fairlead and vibration transducer fairlead, this invention can provide insulating medium shell for the antenna be embedded under ground surface, overcome the attenuation by absorption of stratum to antenna transmission energy, guarantee antenna transmission efficiency, promote the efficiency of launching on sky alignment ground surface, be easy to be fixed in concrete or pitch prill road, carrying heavy vehicle rolls.

Based on the above-mentioned technical conceive of two patented claims and the requirement of prior art, the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate is proposed.

[summary of the invention]

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention overcomes above-mentioned defect, a kind of vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate is provided, the technical matters that the present invention solves sets up to be accurate to the number-plate number of each car, type of vehicle, the curb parking database of car owner's type and Fare Collection System, reduce curb parking handling cost, improve the service efficiency of curb parking position, stop the stealthily parking phenomenon of not paying the fees, improve the curb parking efficiency of management and level, greatly facilitate numerous car owners and urban traffic control person.

Technical solution of the present invention is as described below: a kind of vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate, it is characterized in that, it comprises the buried antenna assembly in parking stall being distributed in underground, each parking stall, the buried antenna assembly in described each parking stall connects RFID frequency read/write, described RFID frequency read/write connects curb parking nodal information server, described curb parking nodal information server connects roadside shutdown system data center, described RFID frequency read/write time-devision system is connected with the buried antenna assembly in each parking stall and works, to the RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function of different vehicle that passes through or stop carry out information reading, and be connected to curb parking nodal information server and curb parking system data center, form based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate.

According to the present invention of above technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, the buried antenna assembly quantity in parking stall of underground, each parking stall is two, spacing is not more than 3 meters, each buried antenna field read range is not less than 3 meters, radio-frequency antenna field all standing parking stall, no matter automobile is parked in the centre of parking stall or is parked between two parking stalls, all can not skip.

According to the present invention of above technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, described each RFID frequency read/write connects the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of no more than 32, described each RFID frequency read/write time-devision system is connected with the buried antenna assembly in parking stall and works, the read cycle of each buried antenna assembly 1 minute.

According to the present invention of above technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, each curb parking nodal information server can be with 4 RFID frequency read/writes, and namely each curb parking nodal information server ALARA Principle 128 buried antennas, greatly reduce equipment investment cost.

According to the present invention of above-mentioned technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, as applicant apply for as described in the buried antenna frame device that Chinese invention patent CN104538724A mono-kind is applied to RFID radio-frequency (RF) identification and underground installation method thereof, the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of described underground, each parking stall, all comprise insulating medium skeleton and metal outer frame frame, described insulating medium skeleton is acrylic plastering, be provided with an antenna hole wherein, described antenna hole is used for installing wire antenna, described insulating medium skeletal internal side is provided with groove, in described groove, vibration transducer is installed respectively in two ends, sensor connects wire, described insulating medium skeleton both sides are provided with screw hole, described metal outer frame frame is made up of steel plate, its inside and insulating medium skeleton closely cooperate, on metal outer frame frame, on plane and insulating medium skeleton, plane is consistent, described metal outer frame frame one end is provided with radio-frequency antenna fairlead and vibration transducer fairlead, an installation location-plate is provided with bottom described metal outer frame frame, described installation location-plate is used for locating in buried antenna slot, guarantee to obtain stability under road surface, described insulating medium skeleton xsect can be triangle, rectangle and parabolic reflective cross section any one, the diameter of insulating medium skeletal internal antenna hole is 30 ~ 40 millimeters, on the centre distance insulating medium skeleton of hole, plane is of a size of 30 ~ 40 millimeters, metal outer frame frame is that the steel plate that thickness is greater than 4 millimeters is made, insulating medium skeleton specific inductive capacity is less than 1.5.

According to the present invention of above-mentioned technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, described each RFID frequency read/write has different address codes, by the address code of frequency read/write, can determine the position of vehicle, realize vehicle location and monitoring.

According to the present invention of above-mentioned technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, described curb parking nodal information server is connected with the Vehicular vibration sensor in the buried antenna assembly in described each parking stall, and described curb parking nodal information server connects roadside shutdown system data center.

According to the present invention of above-mentioned technical characteristic, as applicant apply for that Chinese invention patent CN104442619A mono-kind has as described in the RFID radio frequency car plate of communication function, be further characterized in that, the described RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function and traditional License Plate overlap together and are fixed on car body, seven ingredients are provided with: active radio frequency chip in its car plate shell, dipole antenna and near field antenna, Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, data processor, vibration transducer, Voltage Cortrol and power failure alarm device, GPRS wireless communication module assembly: the described external dipole antenna of active radio frequency chip and near field antenna, described active radio frequency chip register mode area is divided into six regions: as the EPC district of vehicle basic information region, as the T district in vehicle details district, and by traffic management information district, highway toll block of information, the Q district of parking fee collective system block of information and standby message district composition, district can not be rewritten by described vehicle basic information region and vehicle details district, all write by vehicle administration office, described Q district is vehicle dynamic block of information, described active radio frequency chip external Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, described data processor controlled active radio frequency chip internal information acquisition, process and transmission, described vibration transducer detects the vibration of radio frequency car plate, detect automobile engine starting or closedown, information is defeated is written to data processor, described Voltage Cortrol and the external vehicle accumulator of power failure alarm device obtain direct current, and the voltage adjuster output current arranged through inside is that each unit of radio frequency car plate is powered, GPRS wireless communication module assembly comprises GPRS module and SIM card, described SIM card storage has radio frequency car plate and car owner's mobile phone, unit computer mobile communication number, the GPRS communication antenna of GPRS communication module assembly, under the control of data processor, implements the information interchange with car owner's portable computer.

The present invention sets up based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate, described each RFID frequency read/write reads radio frequency car plate chip information respectively by the buried antenna assembly in each parking stall, thus automatically read the number plate of vehicle entered, type of vehicle, car owner's type, and record enters the number plate of vehicle on parking stall automatically, type of vehicle, car owner's type, curb parking nodal information server record is to number plate of vehicle and down time, automatically receivable parking fee volume is calculated, buried antenna reads pre-paying registration code in radio frequency car plate chip, if have registration code and effectively, server deducts Parking Fee automatically from the expense of car owner's advance payment, if do not have the automobile of registration code to enter curb parking position, belong to parking offense, server is to radio frequency car plate chip write parking offense information, parking offense information is issued car owner by GPRS assembly by radio frequency car plate data processor, and controls driving indoor display screen demonstrates parking offense.There is in kerb parking place a parking stall to use charge that notice board is described, guide the vehicle not handling registration formality of stopping to hand in the way of parking fee retroactively.

In use, when automobile drives into parking stall, whether no matter automobile how long, be parked in the line of parking stall, at least covers 1 buried antenna field, can not skip in the present invention.

In addition, the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of underground, each parking stall reads number plate of vehicle, type of vehicle, car owner's type of stopping, and sets up the curb parking database being accurate to each parking stall, each number plate, type of vehicle, car owner's type.

The buried antenna assembly time-devision system work in multiple parking stall, the reading per minute of each buried antenna once, when buried antenna from read parking space automobile number plate information be transformed into read less than number plate of vehicle information time, this car leaves parking stall, thus determining the time of this parking stall parking, license number code, parking stall code and storage period are together mail to curb parking nodal information server and curb parking system data center by parking stall district server.

Car owner handles parking fee registration formality in advance in curb parking administrative authority, curb parking administrative authority writes registration code and obtains curb parking registration in registered vehicle radio frequency car plate chip, the registration number that curb parking system data center foundation curb parking nodal information server record arrives and down time, automatically receivable parking fee volume is calculated, Parking Fee is deducted automatically from car owner prestores expense by data center, car owner can log in curb parking organization data center website, input License Plate and password, inquiry Car park payment record.

Curb parking position is entered for the automobile without registration of stopping: the buried antenna assembly in parking stall still can read the vehicle radio frequency license board information not doing registration of stopping: number plate of vehicle, type of vehicle, car owner's type, because reading to be judged as less than parking registration code stopping without registration, curb parking nodal information server is to radio frequency car plate chip write parking offense information, parking offense information is issued car owner's portable computer by GPRS assembly by radio frequency car plate data processor, kerb parking place has a parking stall to use charge that billboard is described, the vehicle not handling registration formality of stopping is guided to hand in the way of parking fee retroactively.Foundation is entered number plate, type of vehicle, car owner's type of curb parking position vehicle and determines receivable parking fee down time by roadside toll authority, car owner's address is discovered and seized in vehicle administration office, send to car owner and demand parking fee letter, or when annual examination handled by vehicle, demand parking fee to car owner.

According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, the present invention can reach following beneficial effect:

1, " should stop " mobile telephone registration curb parking charge method of prior art, adopt the automobile on buried electromagnetic inductor identification parking stall, parking stall, do not know the number plate of automobile, the present invention can set up and be accurate to parking stall code, vehicle number, type of vehicle, the curb parking database of car owner's type and charging administration system, overcome in prior art and only know have car to stop, do not know the embarrassment of information of vehicles.

2, application of the present invention is without the need to floor manager, greatly reduces curb parking handling cost.

3, the present invention can the information of vehicles of the unregistered parking of accurate recording, and comprise number plate of vehicle, type of vehicle, car owner's type, the information such as the parking stall code stopped and down time, reach and effectively demand Parking Fee.

4, the present invention provides great convenience to the normal car owner that uses and driver, and the car owner of parking or driver, without any shut-down operation program, download special software without smart mobile phone or to supvr " report ", so greatly facilitate car owner.

No matter whether the position of 5, no matter stopping, in parking stall, be namely the intentional or unintentional parking spot deviation of parking person, all can not affect the buried antenna in parking stall and accurately read vehicle radio frequency license board information, not evade the leak of parking fee.

So the present invention can set up large data city curb parking database and management system, administrative service division and car owner, driver therefrom obtain respective interests.

[accompanying drawing explanation]

Fig. 1 is the radio frequency car plate reading recording principle figure of curb parking charging administration system of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is curb parking charging administration system physical hardware layout of the present invention schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the present invention's buried radio-frequency antenna read write attribute schematic diagram---perpendicular to the cross sensitivity performance plot of ground antenna axis;

Fig. 4 is the present invention's buried radio-frequency antenna read write attribute schematic diagram---overlook sensory characteristic figure perpendicular to ground antenna.

In the drawings, 3, the buried antenna assembly in parking stall; 4, RFID frequency read/write; 5, curb parking nodal information server; 6, curb parking system data center; 7, curb parking road; 100, vehicle; 110, there is the radio frequency car plate assembly of communication function; 200, the road surface of highway; 3001, the buried radio-frequency antenna of wire; 3002, the insulating support of the buried radio-frequency antenna of wire; 3003, the metal shell of the buried radio-frequency antenna of wire, is arranged under road 200, is fixed in concrete.

[embodiment]

As Figure 1-4, the present invention is based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate, it is characterized in that, it comprises the buried antenna assembly in parking stall being distributed in underground, each parking stall, the buried antenna assembly in described each parking stall connects RFID frequency read/write, described RFID frequency read/write connects curb parking nodal information server, described curb parking nodal information server connects roadside shutdown system data center, described RFID frequency read/write time-devision system is connected with the buried antenna assembly in each parking stall and works, to the RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function of different vehicle that passes through or stop carry out information reading, and be connected to curb parking nodal information server and curb parking system data center, form based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate.

According to the present invention of above technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, the buried antenna assembly quantity in parking stall of underground, each parking stall is two, spacing is not more than 3 meters, each buried antenna field read range is not less than 3 meters, radio-frequency antenna field all standing parking stall, no matter automobile is parked in the centre of parking stall or is parked between two parking stalls, all can not skip.

According to the present invention of above technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, described each RFID frequency read/write connects the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of no more than 32, described each RFID frequency read/write time-devision system is connected with the buried antenna assembly in parking stall and works, the read cycle of each buried antenna assembly 1 minute.

According to the present invention of above technical characteristic, be further characterized in that, each curb parking nodal information server can be with 4 RFID frequency read/writes, i.e. each curb parking nodal information server ALARA Principle 128 buried antennas.

Concrete, the described RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function and traditional License Plate overlap together and are fixed on car body, seven ingredients are provided with: active radio frequency chip in its car plate shell, dipole antenna and near field antenna, Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, data processor, vibration transducer, Voltage Cortrol and power failure alarm device, GPRS wireless communication module assembly: the described external dipole antenna of active radio frequency chip and near field antenna, described active radio frequency chip register mode area is divided into six regions: as the EPC district of vehicle basic information region, as the T district in vehicle details district, and by traffic management information district, highway toll block of information, the Q district of parking fee collective system block of information and standby message district composition, district can not be rewritten by described vehicle basic information region and vehicle details district, all write by vehicle administration office, described Q district is vehicle dynamic block of information, described active radio frequency chip external Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, described data processor controlled active radio frequency chip internal information acquisition, process and transmission, described vibration transducer detects the vibration of radio frequency car plate, detect automobile engine starting or closedown, information is defeated is written to data processor, described Voltage Cortrol and the external vehicle accumulator of power failure alarm device obtain direct current, and the voltage adjuster output current arranged through inside is that each unit of radio frequency car plate is powered, GPRS wireless communication module assembly comprises GPRS module and SIM card, described SIM card storage has radio frequency car plate and car owner's mobile phone, unit computer mobile communication number, the GPRS communication antenna of GPRS communication module assembly, under the control of data processor, implements the information interchange with car owner's portable computer.

Further, the capacity of described active radio frequency chip is 2-8Kbt, and its register mode area information is set to: the EPC district as vehicle basic information region is vehicle essential information, comprises vehicle number, car type, car owner's classification, vehicle maximum weight, axletree quantity; T district as vehicle details district is Vehicle Identify Number, Motor Number, purchase date; Q district as vehicle dynamic block of information comprises: traffic management information district, i.e. Q1, Q2, Q3, described Q1 asks traffic police's pushing-off the wagons message code for driver or car owner, described Q2 is highway check point position code, described Q3 is highway testing result and highway, the tax, traffic police, traffic management office press item code; Highway toll block of information, i.e. Q4, Q5, Q6, Q7, described Q4 is highway toll authentication password, and described Q5 is highway toll remaining sum deposit, and described Q6 is that highway toll entrance detects position code, and described Q7 is that highway toll is withholdd volume; Parking fee collective system block of information, i.e. Q8, Q9, described Q8 is the Entrance time, and described Q9 is Parking position code; Standby message district, i.e. Q10, described Q10 district comprises curb parking registration code information, and there is oneself address code in each district of chip.

In addition, in described Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, comprise the Anti-dismantling self-destruction switch of a radio frequency car plate and coupled energy-storage capacitor, Anti-dismantling self-destruction switch is provided with pressure spring below one end, be provided with safety pin above, radio frequency car plate housing back panel is provided with the convex bamboo shoot of Anti-dismantling, chip power incoming end external connection is arranged at the Anti-dismantling self-destruction switch other end by step-up transformer secondary coil and step-up transformer primary coil.

The storage information of an active radio frequency chip read p.s. by described data processor, and from the information storage read within a processor, simultaneously by the erasing of information of storage last time, the information at every turn read and storage information comparison, if start GPRS time not identical, Q2, Q3 district information is issued car owner's mobile phone or computer; GPRS being received car owner asks the information of pushing-off the wagons to be written to chip Q1 district; The information of pushing-off the wagons driver is asked to be written to Q1 district; When radio frequency car plate is disassembled, report car owner by GPRS; Highway Detection Information in Q3 district is passed to the display screen in pilothouse; The highway toll left fund volume of Q5, Q7, the volume of withholing are passed to the display screen in pilothouse; The parking space information in Q9 and Q10 district and curb parking information are dealt on the mobile phone of driver by GPRS module.

Described vibration transducer by defeated for information be written to data processor after, issue car owner's portable computer through GPRS module, set up vehicle startup supervisory system.

Described Voltage Cortrol and power failure alarm device comprise a voltage adjuster, and radio frequency car plate connects vehicle accumulator and obtains 12V direct current, and it is that each unit of radio frequency car plate is powered that the voltage adjuster in radio frequency car plate exports 3.3V.

The indoor display screen of vehicle drive is arranged on vehicle drive indoor, connects radio frequency car plate by wire or by bluetooth.

The RFID radio frequency car plate that the present invention has communication function see Chinese invention patent CN104442619A, can be characterized in:

1, there is power-off and automatically start standby power supply and warning system, there is dismounting self-desttruction equipment, guarantee that cannot dismantle secondary uses;

2, following table: RFID radio frequency chip register mode area information classification of the present invention and purposes table:

In Q10-3 district, write curb parking is paid the fees registration code in advance, and curb parking system data center has the address pin in Q10-3 district, and ensure the security of charge registration, the parking fee that simultaneously prestores is recorded in the database at curb parking system data center.

3, radio frequency car plate has communication function:

The chip of radio frequency car plate has two-way read-write capability: after RFID frequency read/write reads radio frequency car plate chip information by buried antenna assembly, to the address code of car plate chip write read write line, message handler in radio frequency car plate reads read write line address code in chip, mail to car owner unit by the GPRS module assembly in car plate, set up vehicle operating monitor database for car owner unit.Meanwhile, car owner and driver can to the Q1 district write request traffic police pushing-off the wagons message codes of the chip Transport Management Area of radio frequency car plate: vehicle is met and robbed, and driver starts hidden switch write request pushing-off the wagons information; Vehicle is lost or bus private, and car owner sends request pushing-off the wagons information.

The buried antenna assembly in parking stall of described underground, each parking stall, it comprises insulating medium skeleton and metal outer frame frame, described insulating medium skeleton is acrylic plastering, be provided with an antenna hole wherein, described antenna hole is used for installing wire antenna, described insulating medium skeletal internal side is provided with groove, in described groove, vibration transducer is installed respectively in two ends, sensor connects wire, described insulating medium skeleton both sides are provided with screw hole, described metal outer frame frame is made up of steel plate, its inside and insulating medium skeleton closely cooperate, on metal outer frame frame, on plane and insulating medium skeleton, plane is consistent, described metal outer frame frame one end is provided with radio-frequency antenna fairlead and vibration transducer fairlead, an installation location-plate is provided with bottom described metal outer frame frame, described installation location-plate is used for locating in buried antenna slot, guarantee to obtain stability under road surface, described insulating medium skeleton xsect can be triangle, rectangle and parabolic reflective cross section any one, the diameter of insulating medium skeletal internal antenna hole is 30 ~ 40 millimeters, on the centre distance insulating medium skeleton of hole, plane is of a size of 30 ~ 40 millimeters, metal outer frame frame is that the steel plate that thickness is greater than 4 millimeters is made, insulating medium skeleton specific inductive capacity is less than 1.5.

Above-mentioned buried antenna is wire antenna, and namely the length of antenna is greater than more than 20 times with the ratio of lateral cross section maximum limit size.Buried astronomical cycle is in insulating material support, the surrounding of buried antenna by specific inductive capacity close to 1 insulating material support instead of stratum, so the attenuation by absorption that buried antenna is subject to stratum greatly reduces, buried antenna effectively can implement read-write to ground radio frequency car plate.

Metal shell in buried antenna assembly is consolidated with ground layer concrete, and improving buried antenna carrying the resistance to of heavy vehicle and delay unloading, and is the reflex housing of buried antenna, increase buried antenna earthward the auxiliary of direction penetrate, improve the efficiency of buried antenna.

In buried antenna insulating material support, vibration transducer being installed, being used for the vibration of registration of vehicle by producing during buried antenna assembly, obtained the information of vehicle by buried antenna.

The resistance to vehicle of buried antenna assembly rolls, and has water-proof function, guarantees the reliably working of buried antenna.

The buried antenna of RFID that the present invention has a communication function can be applied to the buried antenna frame device of RFID video identification see Chinese invention patent CN104538724A.

The read-write sensory characteristic of buried antenna and design, see Fig. 3,4.

Fig. 3 is buried antenna laterally read-write performance plot of the sensitive end:

Buried antenna sensitivity is relevant with read write line power, and under larger power, buried antenna can obtain reading/writing distance far away.

Because ground is on the impact of buried antenna, low especially in the read-write sensitivity of pressing close to earth's surface place, can obtain when distance floor level 0.5 meter and read and write sensitivity preferably.The radio frequency car plate antenna of vehicle should ensure the height having about 0.5 meter apart from ground.

Can see from Fig. 3, be 2.5 meters (read write line power 24db) in the left and right read-write scope of buried antenna field.

Overlook read-write sensory characteristic figure from Fig. 4 to find out, at the two ends of buried antenna axial direction, read write line power is from 20 ~ 24db change, and it is little to read and write sensitive change altogether, and namely the read-write extent length of the axial direction of buried antenna is slightly larger than the length of buried antenna 3001.

As seen from Figure 4, the read-write extent length of the radial direction of buried antenna is relevant to read write line power, improves read write line power and can strengthen read-write extent length.

The divided lane identification resolving power of buried antenna:

See Fig. 3,4 buried antenna rf read-write sensory characteristic figure, axial read-write scope is slightly larger than buried antenna length, changing buried antenna length makes axially read-write extent length be less than divided lane width 0.5 meter, guarantee that the buried antenna of divided lane can not read the radio frequency car plate of adjacent lane, implement divided lane identification and calculate.

As Fig. 1, shown in 2, the present invention sets up based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate, described each RFID frequency read/write reads radio frequency car plate chip information respectively by the buried antenna assembly in each parking stall, thus automatically read the number plate of vehicle entered, type of vehicle, car owner's type, and record enters the number plate of vehicle on parking stall automatically, type of vehicle, car owner's type, curb parking nodal information server record is to number plate of vehicle and down time, automatically receivable parking fee volume is calculated, buried antenna reads Q10-3 district in radio frequency car plate chip and to pay the fees in advance registration code, if have registration code and effectively, server deducts Parking Fee automatically from the expense of car owner's advance payment, if do not have the automobile of registration code to enter curb parking position, belong to parking offense, server is to the Q3 district write parking offense information of radio frequency car plate chip, parking offense information is issued car owner by GPRS assembly by radio frequency car plate data processor, and controls driving indoor display screen demonstrates parking offense.There is in kerb parking place a parking stall to use charge that notice board is described, guide the vehicle not handling registration formality of stopping to hand in the way of parking fee retroactively.

In use, when automobile drives into parking stall, whether no matter automobile how long, be parked in the line of parking stall, at least covers 1 buried antenna field, can not skip in the present invention.

In addition, the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of underground, each parking stall reads number plate of vehicle, type of vehicle, car owner's type of stopping, and sets up the curb parking database being accurate to each parking stall, each number plate, type of vehicle, car owner's type.

The buried antenna assembly time-devision system work in multiple parking stall, the reading per minute of each buried antenna once, when buried antenna from read parking space automobile number plate information be transformed into read less than number plate of vehicle information time, this car leaves parking stall, thus determine the time of this parking stall parking, license number code, parking stall code and storage period are together mail to curb parking nodal information server and curb parking system data center by parking stall district server, set up curb parking database.

Car owner handles parking fee registration formality in advance in curb parking administrative authority, curb parking administrative authority writes registration code and obtains curb parking registration in registered vehicle radio frequency car plate chip, the registration number that curb parking system data center foundation curb parking nodal information server record arrives and down time, automatically receivable parking fee volume is calculated, Parking Fee is deducted automatically from car owner prestores expense by data center, car owner can log in curb parking organization data center website, input License Plate and password, inquiry Car park payment record.

Curb parking position is entered for the automobile without registration of stopping: the buried antenna assembly in parking stall still can read the vehicle radio frequency license board information not doing registration of stopping: license number number plate, type of vehicle, car owner's type, because reading to be judged as less than parking registration code stopping without registration, curb parking nodal information server is to radio frequency car plate chip write parking offense information, parking offense information is issued car owner's portable computer by GPRS assembly by radio frequency car plate data processor, kerb parking place has a parking stall to use charge that billboard is described, the vehicle not handling registration formality of stopping is guided to hand in the way of parking fee retroactively.Foundation is entered number plate, type of vehicle, car owner's type of curb parking position vehicle and determines receivable parking fee down time by roadside toll authority, car owner's address is discovered and seized in vehicle administration office, send to car owner and demand parking fee letter, or when annual examination handled by vehicle, demand parking fee to car owner.

Claims (10)

1. one kind based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate, it is characterized in that, it comprises the buried antenna assembly in parking stall being distributed in underground, each parking stall, the buried antenna assembly in described each parking stall connects RFID frequency read/write, described RFID frequency read/write connects curb parking nodal information server, described curb parking nodal information server connects roadside shutdown system data center, described RFID frequency read/write time-devision system is connected with the buried antenna assembly in each parking stall and works, to the RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function of different vehicle that passes through or stop carry out information reading, and be connected to curb parking nodal information server and curb parking system data center, form based on the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system with communication function radio frequency car plate.
2. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 1, be further characterized in that, the buried antenna assembly quantity in parking stall of underground, each parking stall is two, spacing is not more than 3 meters, each buried antenna field read range is not less than 3 meters, radio-frequency antenna field all standing parking stall, no matter automobile is parked in the centre of parking stall or is parked between two parking stalls, all can not skip.
3. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 1, be further characterized in that, described each RFID frequency read/write connects the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of no more than 32, described each RFID frequency read/write time-devision system is connected with the buried antenna assembly in parking stall and works, the read cycle of each buried antenna assembly 1 minute.
4. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 1, be further characterized in that, each curb parking nodal information server band 4 RFID frequency read/writes, i.e. each curb parking nodal information server admin 128 buried antennas.
5. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 1, be further characterized in that, the buried antenna assembly in parking stall of described underground, each parking stall, all comprise insulating medium skeleton and metal outer frame frame, described insulating medium skeleton is acrylic plastering, be provided with an antenna hole wherein, described antenna hole is used for installing wire antenna, described insulating medium skeletal internal side is provided with groove, in described groove, vibration transducer is installed respectively in two ends, sensor connects wire, described insulating medium skeleton both sides are provided with screw hole, described metal outer frame frame is made up of steel plate, its inside and insulating medium skeleton closely cooperate, on metal outer frame frame, on plane and insulating medium skeleton, plane is consistent, described metal outer frame frame one end is provided with radio-frequency antenna fairlead and vibration transducer fairlead, an installation location-plate is provided with bottom described metal outer frame frame, described installation location-plate is used for locating in buried antenna slot, guarantee to obtain stability under road surface, described insulating medium skeleton xsect can be triangle, rectangle and parabolic reflective cross section any one, the diameter of insulating medium skeletal internal antenna hole is 30 ~ 40 millimeters, on the centre distance insulating medium skeleton of hole, plane is of a size of 30 ~ 40 millimeters, metal outer frame frame is that the steel plate that thickness is greater than 4 millimeters is made, insulating medium skeleton specific inductive capacity is less than 1.5.
6. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 5, be further characterized in that, described each RFID frequency read/write has different address codes, by the address code of frequency read/write, the position of vehicle can be determined, realize vehicle location and monitoring.
7. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 5, be further characterized in that, described curb parking nodal information server is connected with the Vehicular vibration sensor in the buried antenna assembly in described each parking stall, and described curb parking nodal information server connects roadside shutdown system data center.
8. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 1, be further characterized in that, the described RFID radio frequency car plate with communication function and traditional License Plate overlap together and are fixed on car body, seven ingredients are provided with: active radio frequency chip in its car plate shell, dipole antenna and near field antenna, Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, data processor, vibration transducer, Voltage Cortrol and power failure alarm device, GPRS wireless communication module assembly: the described external dipole antenna of active radio frequency chip and near field antenna, described active radio frequency chip register mode area is divided into six regions: as the EPC district of vehicle basic information region, as the T district in vehicle details district, and by traffic management information district, highway toll block of information, the Q district of parking fee collective system block of information and standby message district composition, district can not be rewritten by described vehicle basic information region and vehicle details district, all write by vehicle administration office, described Q district is vehicle dynamic block of information, described active radio frequency chip external Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, described data processor controlled active radio frequency chip internal information acquisition, process and transmission, described vibration transducer detects the vibration of radio frequency car plate, detect automobile engine starting or closedown, information is defeated is written to data processor, described Voltage Cortrol and the external vehicle accumulator of power failure alarm device obtain direct current, and the voltage adjuster output current arranged through inside is that each unit of radio frequency car plate is powered, GPRS wireless communication module assembly comprises GPRS module and SIM card, described SIM card storage has radio frequency car plate and car owner's mobile phone, unit computer mobile communication number, the GPRS communication antenna of GPRS communication module assembly, under the control of data processor, implements the information interchange with car owner's portable computer.
9. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 8, be further characterized in that, the capacity of described active radio frequency chip is 2-8Kbt, its register mode area information is set to: the EPC district as vehicle basic information region is vehicle essential information, comprises vehicle number, car type, car owner's classification, vehicle maximum weight, axletree quantity; T district as vehicle details district is Vehicle Identify Number, Motor Number, purchase date; Q district as vehicle dynamic block of information comprises: traffic management information district, i.e. Q1, Q2, Q3, described Q1 asks traffic police's pushing-off the wagons message code for driver or car owner, described Q2 is highway check point position code, described Q3 is highway testing result and highway, the tax, traffic police, traffic management office press item code; Highway toll block of information, i.e. Q4, Q5, Q6, Q7, described Q4 is highway toll authentication password, and described Q5 is highway toll remaining sum deposit, and described Q6 is that highway toll entrance detects position code, and described Q7 is that highway toll is withholdd volume; Parking fee collective system block of information, i.e. Q8, Q9, described Q8 is the Entrance time, and described Q9 is Parking position code; Standby message district, i.e. Q10, described Q10 district comprises curb parking registration code information, and there is oneself address code in each district of chip.
10. the vehicle roadside the management of parking charge system based on having communication function radio frequency car plate according to claim 8, be further characterized in that, in described Anti-dismantling radio frequency chip self-desttruction equipment, comprise the Anti-dismantling self-destruction switch of a radio frequency car plate and coupled energy-storage capacitor, Anti-dismantling self-destruction switch is provided with pressure spring below one end, be provided with safety pin above, radio frequency car plate housing back panel is provided with the convex bamboo shoot of Anti-dismantling, chip power incoming end external connection is arranged at the Anti-dismantling self-destruction switch other end by step-up transformer secondary coil and step-up transformer primary coil,
The storage information of an active radio frequency chip read p.s. by described data processor, and from the information storage read within a processor, simultaneously by the erasing of information of storage last time, the information at every turn read and storage information comparison, if start GPRS time not identical, Q2, Q3 district information is issued car owner's mobile phone or computer; GPRS being received car owner asks the information of pushing-off the wagons to be written to chip Q1 district; The information of pushing-off the wagons driver is asked to be written to Q1 district; When radio frequency car plate is disassembled, report car owner by GPRS; Highway Detection Information in Q3 district is passed to the display screen in pilothouse; The highway toll left fund volume of Q5, Q7, the volume of withholing are passed to the display screen in pilothouse; The parking space information in Q9 and Q10 district and curb parking information are dealt on the mobile phone of driver by GPRS module;
Described vibration transducer by defeated for information be written to data processor after, issue car owner's portable computer through GPRS module, set up vehicle startup supervisory system;
Described Voltage Cortrol and power failure alarm device comprise a voltage adjuster, and radio frequency car plate connects vehicle accumulator and obtains 12V direct current, and it is that each unit of radio frequency car plate is powered that the voltage adjuster in radio frequency car plate exports 3.3V;
The indoor display screen of vehicle drive is arranged on vehicle drive indoor, connects radio frequency car plate by wire or by bluetooth.
CN201510270730.8A 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 Vehicle side parking charge management system based on radio frequency license plate with communication function CN104881900A (en)

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CN107393026A (en) * 2017-06-23 2017-11-24 深圳市盛路物联通讯技术有限公司 A kind of fee payment method and system of roadside parking stall
CN107545607A (en) * 2016-06-29 2018-01-05 株式会社伊希斯 With anti-theft feature quickly through terminal

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CN104538724A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-04-22 深圳市骄冠科技实业有限公司 Underground antenna framework device used for RFID radio frequency identification and underground installation method thereof
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