CN104878767B - Rock slope concrete for plant growth is combined the construction method of ecoscape protection with moulding stone - Google Patents

Rock slope concrete for plant growth is combined the construction method of ecoscape protection with moulding stone Download PDF

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CN104878767B
CN104878767B CN201510283136.2A CN201510283136A CN104878767B CN 104878767 B CN104878767 B CN 104878767B CN 201510283136 A CN201510283136 A CN 201510283136A CN 104878767 B CN104878767 B CN 104878767B
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concrete
slope
plant growth
stone
mould
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CN104878767A (en
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王新泉
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China Road and Bridge Group Xi'an Industrial Development Co., Ltd.
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Hangzhou Jiangrun Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/23Dune restoration or creation; Cliff stabilisation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rock slope concrete for plant growth and mould stone and be combined the construction method of ecoscape protection, mainly include preparation of construction, set anchor pole, casting concrete sash beam, pour concrete for plant growth, plant the raw-soil sow grass seeds by duster, mould stone carving mould, the step such as maintenance.The present invention can not only play the effect of traditional protection side slope, and slope trimming and excavated volume are little, little to environmental destruction, moreover it is possible to plays the effect beautifying barren hill, has the highest economy and social value.

Description

Rock slope concrete for plant growth is combined the construction method of ecoscape protection with moulding stone
Technical field
The present invention relates to the protection of a kind of ecoscape, particularly to a kind of rock slope concrete for plant growth and the construction method moulding stone and being combined ecoscape protection.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of China Higher level highway construction, particularly high-grade highway construction are to the propelling of knob, mountainous region in middle and western China, being frequently encountered by cuts into a mountain repair the roads thus formed rock and ground mixing side slope.The side slope of the type easily cause substantial amounts of soil erosion, the most exposed rock is affected by air slaking, rainfall etc. and block stone can be caused to tumble and landslide, has a strong impact on traffic safety.
Traditional rock and ground mixing slope retaining generally use: barricade and facing wall, grid bank protection and armored concrete spray anchor protection.These traditional slope protection form are not poor durability, intensity is low, globality is bad, it is simply that working procedure is complicated, cost is bigger.And these traditional bank protection modes are not from ecological view, vision is stiff inharmonious with surrounding, does not meets national energy-saving consumption reduction and the demand for development of Ecology Highway.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome drawbacks described above of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of rock slope concrete for plant growth with mould stone be combined ecoscape protection construction method.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme is that
Rock slope concrete for plant growth is combined the construction method of ecoscape protection with moulding stone, it is characterised in that rock slope is disposed with anchor pole, monoblock type soft protecting net, concrete frame lattice beam, concrete for plant growth and planting soil from inside to outside;Anchor pole is implanted in the body of slope, and the external node as concrete frame lattice beam in slope is stretched out in termination;Concrete sash is made up of the beam intersected in length and breadth, and beam uses steel to mould grid casting concrete and formed, and in concrete frame lattice beam and the surface of beam pours the concrete for plant growth being available for plant growing, planting soil is laid on concrete for plant growth surface;Being difficult at the stone slope evagination evened out mould stone process, the interior recess of stone slope moulds stone shape flower pond, moulds stone and is combined with grass planting and forms ecoscape and protect;
Described rock slope concrete for plant growth with mould stone be combined ecoscape protection construction method comprise the following steps:
Step one, preparation of construction: clear up side slope, arrange gutter at Po Dingchu, finally hangs monoblock type soft protecting net;
Step 2, setting anchor pole: implant anchor rod body, then slip casting according to unwrapping wire position, form suspension roof support system, termination point of anchor rod reinforcing bar stretches out the external colligation point moulding grid as later stage steel in slope;
Step 3, casting concrete sash beam: the form of construction work taking embedded excavation to set mould on the spot arranges out concrete sash band, sash band excavates on the spot;Then lay steel and mould grid, utilize tied silk colligation on anchor pole node, be finally provided with connection reinforcing bar using anchor pole as node casting concrete, sash limit;
Step 4, pour concrete for plant growth: concrete for plant growth pours in the hollow space that concrete frame trellis becomes, pouring of concrete for plant growth layer uses machinery to topple over, the method for Manual, control concrete for plant growth higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface about 50 ~ 100mm so that concrete frame lattice beam is that built-in hidden is arranged;
Step 5, plant the raw-soil and sow grass seeds by duster: after concrete for plant growth has poured, the planting soil comprising the soil body, fertilizer, water-retaining agent, soil conditioner, binding agent and water is dry mixed mixing in blender, before sowing grass seeds by duster, plant seed is blended in the planting soil of fill-before-fire thickness about 30mm after mixing thoroughly in planting soil;
Step 6, mould stone carving and mould: protrusion stone bigger to side slope upper volume, reluctant uses to be moulded Stone technique and process;
Step 7, maintenance: side slope planting soil carries out non-textile mulch protection, utilize network-like shower head to make the curing water thing that nebulizes moisten planting soil;Germination period depth of wetted soil preferably controls at 3.5cm, and the most each maintenance once, continues curing time and is no less than 45 days, and every 15 days spraying insecticides, prevent plant pest.
Described ecoscape protection, after side slope has been cleared up, lays monoblock type soft protecting net, it is to avoid the downward landing of the soil body during view construction of prevention work.
Described anchor pole, is made up of reinforcing bar and mortar, and reinforcing bar stretches out the external node as concrete sash in slope.
Grid moulded by described steel, by tied silk colligation on termination point of anchor rod node, fixes steel and moulds grid, it is to avoid grid landing moulded by steel during view construction of prevention work.
Described concrete for plant growth, higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface 50-100mm, makes concrete sash built-in hidden arrange, makes protection outward appearance more natural.
Described ecoscape protection, is provided with the connection reinforcing bar for Concrete Structure sash and the bonding strength of concrete for plant growth in concrete frame lattice beam
Described planting soil is internal containing the binding agent being made up of high molecular polymer, and plant seed sets and is added in planting soil so that it is more sow grass seeds by duster on concrete for plant growth.
Described ecoscape protection, before construction, protrusion stone bigger to side slope upper volume, reluctant, use and mould Stone technique and carry out landscape design and make it coordinate with surrounding landscape, formed and mould the side slope protection that stone is combined into grass planting.
Described ecoscape protection, is provided with gutter at Po Dingchu, good at vegetation growth, and before slope stability, if it occur that strong rainfall, gutter can be played the effect of draining, be prevented a large amount of rain drop erosion from the accidents such as landslide occurring.
Described ecoscape protection, side slope planting soil is provided with multiple shower head, shower head is that network-type scattering device is on the body of slope, after concrete for plant growth has poured, each shower nozzle works simultaneously, maintenance concrete for plant growth, after plant growing completes, shower nozzle works on, regularly maintenance concrete for plant growth, irrigating plant.Being provided with pvc pipe in concrete for plant growth and connect each shower head, shower head makes full use of the rainwater curing concrete in gutter and irrigating plant.
The present invention has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
1, this protection is little to the excavated volume of rock slope, is greatly saved the duration, has saved cost;
2, this protection is little to ecological disruption, and can also green side slope, there is the biggest social benefit;
3, this protection utilizes plant and the combination technology moulding stone, and outward appearance is beautiful.Effectively solve traditional protection and the inharmonic problem of surrounding.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that view protects elevation.
Fig. 2 is monoblock type soft protecting net figure.
Fig. 3 is flexible reinforcing bar plane of arrangement figure.
In figure: 1-mortar flag stone;2-concrete for plant growth;3-planting soil;4-moulds stone carving and moulds;5-built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam;6-plant;7-connects reinforcing bar;8-shower head;9-gutter;10-side slope;11-monoblock type soft protecting net;12-anchor pole;13-injecting cement paste;Grid moulded by 14-steel;15-tied silk;16-termination point of anchor rod;17-PVC manages.
Detailed description of the invention
Rock slope concrete for plant growth as shown in Figure 1, 2 with mould stone be combined ecoscape protection by anchor pole 12, built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam 5, connect reinforcing bar 7, concrete for plant growth 2, planting soil 3, mould that stone carving moulds 4, shower head 8 forms.Slope excavating covers monoblock type soft protecting net 11 after completing, monoblock type soft protecting net 11 also covers some less stone carvings of moulding and moulds 4, anchor pole 12 is made up of anchor bar body and injecting cement paste 13, and it is implanted in the body of slope, stretches out the external termination point of anchor rod in slope 16 node as built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam 5.In sash and surface pours the concrete for plant growth 2 being available for plant growing, the planting soil 3 for plant growing it is sprayed with, to being difficult to stone slope or the indent higher depth evened out on concrete for plant growth, employing is moulded Stone technique and is processed, interior recess moulds stone shape flower pond, mould stone process at evagination and beautify slope landscape, mould stone and be combined formation ecoscape protection with grass planting.
As shown in Figure 3, concrete for plant growth 2 top is provided with shower head 8, the pvc pipe 17 connecting shower head it is provided with in concrete for plant growth, facilitate shower head 8 maintenance concrete for plant growth 2 and irrigating plant 6, shower head 8 mainly utilizes the rainwater that gutter 9 is collected, being provided with flexible reinforcement body steel in built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam 5 and mould grid 14, steel is moulded grid 14 and is utilized tied silk 15 to be fixed on termination point of anchor rod 16.
The construction method of above-mentioned view protection, including following step:
Step one, preparation of construction: clear up side slope, protrusion stone bigger to side slope upper volume, reluctant, the later stage takes to mould stone and processes, arrange gutter 9 at Po Dingchu, finally hang monoblock type soft protecting net 11;
Step 2, setting anchor pole 12: implant anchor rod body, then slip casting according to unwrapping wire position, form suspension roof support system, termination point of anchor rod reinforcing bar 16 stretches out the external colligation point moulding grid as later stage steel in slope;
Step 3, casting concrete sash 5: the form of construction work taking embedded excavation to set mould on the spot arranges out concrete sash band, sash band excavates on the spot, then lay steel and mould grid 14, utilize tied silk 15 colligation on anchor pole node, last using anchor pole as node casting concrete, sash limit is provided with connection reinforcing bar 7;
Step 4, pour concrete for plant growth: concrete for plant growth 2 pours in the hollow space that concrete frame trellis becomes, pouring of concrete for plant growth layer uses machinery to topple over, the method for Manual, control concrete for plant growth higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface about 50 ~ 100mm so that concrete frame lattice beam is that built-in hidden is arranged;
Step 5, plant the raw-soil and sow grass seeds by duster: after concrete for plant growth has poured, the planting soil 3 comprising the soil body, fertilizer, water-retaining agent, soil conditioner, binding agent and water is dry mixed mixing in blender, before sowing grass seeds by duster, plant seed is blended in the planting soil of fill-before-fire thickness about 30mm after mixing thoroughly in planting soil;
Step 6, mould stone carving and mould: protrusion stone bigger to side slope upper volume, reluctant uses to be moulded Stone technique and process;
Step 7, maintenance: side slope planting soil is carried out non-textile mulch protection, utilize network-like shower head 8 to make the curing water thing that nebulizes moisten planting soil;Germination period depth of wetted soil preferably controls at 3.5cm, and the most each maintenance once, continues curing time and is no less than 45 days, and every 15 days spraying insecticides, prevent plant pest.

Claims (5)

1. rock slope concrete for plant growth with mould stone be combined ecoscape protection construction method, it is characterised in that rock slope is disposed with anchor pole, monoblock type soft protecting net, concrete frame lattice beam, concrete for plant growth and planting soil from inside to outside;Anchor pole is implanted in the body of slope, and the external node as concrete frame lattice beam in slope is stretched out in termination;Concrete sash is made up of the beam intersected in length and breadth, and beam uses steel to mould grid casting concrete and formed, and in concrete frame lattice beam and the surface of beam pours the concrete for plant growth being available for plant growing, planting soil is laid on concrete for plant growth surface;Being difficult at the stone slope evagination evened out mould stone process, the interior recess of stone slope moulds stone shape flower pond, moulds stone and is combined with grass planting and forms ecoscape and protect;
Described rock slope concrete for plant growth with mould stone be combined ecoscape protection construction method comprise the following steps:
Step one, preparation of construction: clear up side slope, arrange gutter at Po Dingchu, finally hangs monoblock type soft protecting net;
Step 2, setting anchor pole: implant anchor rod body, then slip casting according to unwrapping wire position, form suspension roof support system, termination point of anchor rod reinforcing bar stretches out the external colligation point moulding grid as later stage steel in slope;
Step 3, casting concrete sash beam: the form of construction work taking embedded excavation to set mould on the spot arranges out concrete sash band, sash band excavates on the spot;Then lay steel and mould grid, utilize tied silk colligation on anchor pole node, be finally provided with connection reinforcing bar using anchor pole as node casting concrete, sash limit;
Step 4, pour concrete for plant growth: concrete for plant growth pours in the hollow space that concrete frame trellis becomes, pouring of concrete for plant growth layer uses machinery to topple over, the method for Manual, control concrete for plant growth higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface 50 ~ 100mm so that concrete frame lattice beam is that built-in hidden is arranged;
Step 5, plant the raw-soil and sow grass seeds by duster: after concrete for plant growth has poured, the planting soil comprising the soil body, fertilizer, water-retaining agent, soil conditioner, binding agent and water is dry mixed mixing in blender, before sowing grass seeds by duster, plant seed is blended in the planting soil of fill-before-fire thickness 30mm after mixing thoroughly in planting soil;
Step 6, mould stone carving and mould: protrusion stone bigger to side slope upper volume, reluctant uses to be moulded Stone technique and process;
Step 7, maintenance: side slope planting soil carries out non-textile mulch protection, utilize network-like shower head to make the curing water thing that nebulizes moisten planting soil;Germination period depth of wetted soil preferably controls at 3.5cm, and the most each maintenance once, continues curing time and is no less than 45 days, and every 15 days spraying insecticides, prevent plant pest.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that anchor pole is made up of reinforcing bar and mortar, reinforcing bar stretches out the external node as concrete frame lattice beam in slope.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that steel mould grid by tied silk colligation on termination point of anchor rod node, fix steel and mould grid.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with the connection reinforcing bar for Concrete Structure sash and concrete for plant growth bonding strength in concrete frame lattice beam.
Construction method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that planting soil is internal containing the binding agent being made up of high molecular polymer.
CN201510283136.2A 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 Rock slope concrete for plant growth is combined the construction method of ecoscape protection with moulding stone Active CN104878767B (en)

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CN106480892A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-08 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Grass planting protective slope structure and construction method suitable for mountainous area highway rock side-slope
CN106759395B (en) * 2016-12-29 2019-04-30 三峡大学 A kind of construction method in rock matter pole gradient slope vegetation habitat
CN108755710B (en) * 2018-06-08 2020-05-05 上海二十冶建设有限公司 Slope protection formwork device with irregular slope reinforced concrete grid structure
CN108824362A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 重庆大学 A kind of reservoir stability means of defence using eco-concrete
CN109024629B (en) * 2018-08-27 2020-07-03 广东省城乡规划设计研究院 Slope supporting method
CN109208617B (en) * 2018-10-25 2020-12-15 长沙理工大学 Redbed rock slope flexible comprehensive supporting structure and construction method thereof
CN110700287A (en) * 2019-10-14 2020-01-17 武汉农尚环境股份有限公司 Rock engineering wound ecological restoration method
CN111485565A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-04 西安佐尔电子技术有限公司 Integrated reinforcing method for green ecological side slope

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Effective date of registration: 20190418

Address after: 710000 Tongli Building, Science and Technology Road, Xi'an High-tech Zone, Shaanxi Province

Patentee after: China Road and Bridge Group Xi'an Industrial Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 310015 office room 1901, block C, Wanda Plaza, intersection of Gongshu District Shi Xiang Road and Hang Hang Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang.

Patentee before: Hangzhou Jiang Run Science and Technology Ltd.