CN104878767A - Construction method for carrying out plant-growing concrete and plastic stone combined ecological landscape protection on rocky side slope - Google Patents

Construction method for carrying out plant-growing concrete and plastic stone combined ecological landscape protection on rocky side slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104878767A
CN104878767A CN201510283136.2A CN201510283136A CN104878767A CN 104878767 A CN104878767 A CN 104878767A CN 201510283136 A CN201510283136 A CN 201510283136A CN 104878767 A CN104878767 A CN 104878767A
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concrete
slope
plant growth
construction
stone
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CN201510283136.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104878767B (en
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王新泉
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杭州江润科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/23Dune restoration or creation; Cliff stabilisation

Abstract

The invention discloses a construction method for carrying out plant-growing concrete and plastic stone combined ecological landscape protection on a rocky side slope. The construction method mainly comprises steps of carrying out construction preparation, driving an anchor rod, pouring concrete sash ridges, pouring plant-growing concrete, carrying out spray-sowing of plant-growing soil, carrying out plastic stone sculpturing, carrying out maintenance and the like. The construction method not only can take a conventional side slope protection effect, but also has a small side slope finishing and excavation volume, destroys little ecological environment, can also take an effect of beautifying a barren slope and has very high economic and social value.

Description

Rock slope concrete for plant growth and the construction method of moulding stone and protecting in conjunction with ecoscape
Technical field
The present invention relates to the protection of a kind of ecoscape, particularly a kind of rock slope concrete for plant growth and the construction method of moulding stone and protecting in conjunction with ecoscape.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of China Higher level highway construction, particularly high-grade highway construction are to the propelling of knob, mountainous region in middle and western China, often running into cuts into a mountain repairs the roads thus forms rock and ground mixing side slope.The side slope of the type easily cause a large amount of soil erosions, simultaneously exposed rock affects by weathering, rainfall etc. and block stone can be caused to tumble and landslide, has a strong impact on traffic safety.
Traditional rock and ground mixing slope retaining adopt usually: barricade and facing wall, grid bank protection and steel concrete spray anchor protection.These traditional slope protection form are not poor durability, intensity is low, globality is bad, are exactly that working procedure is complicated, cost is larger.And these traditional bank protection modes are not from ecological view, vision is stiff inharmonious with surrounding environment, does not meet the demand for development of national energy-saving consumption reduction and Ecology Highway.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned defect of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of rock slope concrete for plant growth and the construction method of moulding stone and protecting in conjunction with ecoscape.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is:
Rock slope concrete for plant growth and the construction method of moulding stone and protecting in conjunction with ecoscape, is characterized in that rock slope is disposed with anchor pole, monolithic soft protecting net, concrete frame lattice beam, concrete for plant growth and planting soil from inside to outside; Anchor pole is implanted in the body of slope, and the external node as concrete frame lattice beam in slope is stretched out in termination; Concrete sash is made up of the beam intersected in length and breadth, and beam adopts steel to mould grid concreting and formed, and in concrete frame lattice beam and build can for the concrete for plant growth of plant growth on the surface of beam, planting soil is laid on concrete for plant growth surface; Stone process is moulded at the stone slope evagination place not easily evened out, and the interior recess of stone slope moulds stone shape flower pond, moulds stone and is combined with grass planting and forms ecoscape and protect;
Described rock slope concrete for plant growth with mould the construction method that stone protects in conjunction with ecoscape and comprise the following steps:
Step one, preparation of construction: clear up side slope, arrange gutter at Po Dingchu, last hanging integral formula soft protecting net;
Step 2, set anchor pole: implant anchor rod body, then slip casting according to unwrapping wire position, form bolt support system, termination point of anchor rod reinforcing bar stretches out the external colligation point moulding grid as later stage steel in slope;
Step 3, concreting sash beam: take embedded excavation to establish the form of construction work of mould to set out concrete sash band on the spot, sash band excavates on the spot; Then lay steel and mould grid, utilize tied silk colligation on anchor pole node, finally using anchor pole as node concreting, sash limit is provided with connecting reinforcement;
Step 4, build concrete for plant growth: concrete for plant growth is built in the hollow space that formed in concrete sash, the building of concrete for plant growth layer adopts that machinery is toppled over, the method for Manual, control concrete for plant growth higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface about 50 ~ 100mm, make concrete frame lattice beam be that built-in hidden is arranged;
Step 5, plant the immature soil and sow grass seeds by duster: after concrete for plant growth has been built, the planting soil comprising the soil body, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, soil conditioner, cementing agent and water is dry mixed mixing in mixer, vegetable seeds is blended in the planting soil of jet thickness about 30mm again after mixing thoroughly in planting soil before sowing grass seeds by duster;
Step 6, mould stone carving and mould: larger, the reluctant protrusion stone of side slope upper volume is adopted and moulds Stone technique and process;
Step 7, maintenance: side slope planting soil carries out non-textile mulch protection, utilize network-like shower head that curing water is nebulized the moistening planting soil of thing; Germination period depth of wetted soil should control at 3.5cm, and once, lasting curing time is no less than 45 days, and every 15 days spraying insecticides, prevents plant pest in each maintenance sooner or later.
Described ecoscape protection, after side slope has been cleared up, has laid monolithic soft protecting net, has avoided the downward landing of the soil body in view construction of prevention work process.
Described anchor pole, is made up of reinforcing bar and mortar, and reinforcing bar stretches out the external node as concrete sash in slope.
Grid moulded by described steel, by tied silk colligation on termination point of anchor rod node, fixes steel and moulds grid, avoids steel in view construction of prevention work process to mould grid landing.
Described concrete for plant growth, higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface 50-100mm, makes concrete sash built-in hidden arrange, makes protection outward appearance more natural.
Described ecoscape protection, is provided with the connecting reinforcement of the bonding strength for Concrete Structure sash and concrete for plant growth in concrete frame lattice beam
Described planting soil inside is containing the adhesive be made up of high molecular polymer, and vegetable seeds is established and is added in planting soil, makes it more sow grass seeds by duster on concrete for plant growth.
Described ecoscape protection, before construction, to larger, the reluctant protrusion stone of side slope upper volume, adopts and moulds Stone technique and carry out landscape design its and surrounding landscape are coordinated, and the side slope protection that stone and grass planting are combined into is moulded in formation.
Described ecoscape protection, Po Dingchu is provided with gutter, and good at vegetation growth, before slope stability, if there is strong rainfall, the effect of draining can be played in gutter, prevents a large amount of rain drop erosion from the accidents such as landslide occurring.
Described ecoscape protection, side slope planting soil is provided with multiple shower head, spray cans head is that network-type scattering device is on the body of slope, after concrete for plant growth has been built, each shower nozzle works simultaneously, maintenance concrete for plant growth, after planting completes, shower nozzle works on, timing maintenance concrete for plant growth, irrigating plant.Be provided with pvc pipe in concrete for plant growth and connect each spray cans head, shower head makes full use of rainwater curing concrete in gutter and irrigating plant.
the present invention has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
1, the excavated volume of this protection to rock slope is little, has greatly saved the duration, has saved cost;
2, this protection is little to ecological disruption, and can also green side slope, has very large social benefit;
3, this protection utilizes plant and the combination technology moulding stone, and outward appearance is beautiful.Effectively solve traditional protection and the inharmonic problem of surrounding environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is view protection elevation.
Fig. 2 is monolithic soft protecting net figure.
Fig. 3 is flexible reinforcing bar plane of arrangement figure.
In figure: 1-mortar flag stone; 2-concrete for plant growth; 3-planting soil; 4-moulds stone carving and moulds; 5-built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam; 6-plant; 7-connecting reinforcement; 8-shower head; 9-gutter; 10-side slope; 11-monolithic soft protecting net; 12-anchor pole; 13-injecting cement paste; Grid moulded by 14-steel; 15-tied silk; 16-termination point of anchor rod; 17-PVC manages.
Detailed description of the invention
Rock slope concrete for plant growth as shown in Figure 1, 2 with mould stone and protect by anchor pole 12, built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam 5, connecting reinforcement 7, concrete for plant growth 2, planting soil 3 in conjunction with ecoscape, mould that stone carving moulds 4, shower head 8 forms.Covering monolithic soft protecting net 11 after slope excavation completes, monolithic soft protecting net 11 also covers some less stone carvings of moulding and moulds 4, anchor pole 12 is made up of anchor bar body and injecting cement paste 13, it is implanted in the body of slope, stretches out the node of the external termination point of anchor rod in slope 16 as built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam 5.In sash and build can for the concrete for plant growth 2 of plant growth on surface, concrete for plant growth is sprayed with for the planting soil 3 of plant growth, to the stone slope not easily evened out or indent comparatively depths, employing is moulded Stone technique 4 and is processed, interior recess moulds stone shape flower pond, evagination place moulds stone process and beautifies slope landscape, moulds stone and is combined with grass planting and forms ecoscape and protect.
As shown in Figure 3, concrete for plant growth 2 top is provided with spray cans 8, the pvc pipe 17 connecting spray cans head is provided with in concrete for plant growth, facilitate spray cans 8 maintenance concrete for plant growth 2 and irrigating plant 6, spray cans 8 rainwater mainly utilizing gutter 9 to collect, be provided with flexible reinforcement body steel in built-in hidden concrete frame lattice beam 5 and mould grid 14, steel is moulded grid 14 and is utilized tied silk 15 to be fixed on termination point of anchor rod 16.
The construction method of above-mentioned view protection, comprises following step:
Step one, preparation of construction: side slope is cleared up, to larger, the reluctant protrusion stone of side slope upper volume, the later stage takes to mould stone process, arranges gutter 9 at Po Dingchu, last hanging integral formula soft protecting net 11;
Step 2, set anchor pole 12: implant anchor rod body, then slip casting according to unwrapping wire position, form bolt support system, termination point of anchor rod reinforcing bar 16 stretches out the external colligation point moulding grid as later stage steel in slope;
Step 3, concreting sash 5: take embedded excavation to establish the form of construction work of mould to set out concrete sash band on the spot, sash band excavates on the spot, then lay steel and mould grid 14, utilize tied silk 15 colligation on anchor pole node, last using anchor pole as node concreting, sash limit is provided with connecting reinforcement 7;
Step 4, build concrete for plant growth: concrete for plant growth 2 is built in the hollow space that formed in concrete sash, the building of concrete for plant growth layer adopts that machinery is toppled over, the method for Manual, control concrete for plant growth higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface about 50 ~ 100mm, make concrete frame lattice beam be that built-in hidden is arranged;
Step 5, plant the immature soil and sow grass seeds by duster: after concrete for plant growth has been built, the planting soil 3 comprising the soil body, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, soil conditioner, cementing agent and water is dry mixed mixing in mixer, vegetable seeds is blended in the planting soil of jet thickness about 30mm again after mixing thoroughly in planting soil before sowing grass seeds by duster;
Step 6, mould stone carving and mould: larger, the reluctant protrusion stone of side slope upper volume is adopted and moulds Stone technique and process;
Step 7, maintenance: carry out non-textile mulch protection to side slope planting soil, utilize network-like shower head 8 that curing water is nebulized the moistening planting soil of thing; Germination period depth of wetted soil should control at 3.5cm, and once, lasting curing time is no less than 45 days, and every 15 days spraying insecticides, prevents plant pest in each maintenance sooner or later.

Claims (7)

1. rock slope concrete for plant growth and the construction method of moulding stone and protecting in conjunction with ecoscape, is characterized in that rock slope is disposed with anchor pole, monolithic soft protecting net, concrete frame lattice beam, concrete for plant growth and planting soil from inside to outside; Anchor pole is implanted in the body of slope, and the external node as concrete frame lattice beam in slope is stretched out in termination; Concrete sash is made up of the beam intersected in length and breadth, and beam adopts steel to mould grid concreting and formed, and in concrete frame lattice beam and build can for the concrete for plant growth of plant growth on the surface of beam, planting soil is laid on concrete for plant growth surface; Stone process is moulded at the stone slope evagination place not easily evened out, and the interior recess of stone slope moulds stone shape flower pond, moulds stone and is combined with grass planting and forms ecoscape and protect;
Described rock slope concrete for plant growth with mould the construction method that stone protects in conjunction with ecoscape and comprise the following steps:
Step one, preparation of construction: clear up side slope, arrange gutter at Po Dingchu, last hanging integral formula soft protecting net;
Step 2, set anchor pole: implant anchor rod body, then slip casting according to unwrapping wire position, form bolt support system, termination point of anchor rod reinforcing bar stretches out the external colligation point moulding grid as later stage steel in slope;
Step 3, concreting sash beam: take embedded excavation to establish the form of construction work of mould to set out concrete sash band on the spot, sash band excavates on the spot; Then lay steel and mould grid, utilize tied silk colligation on anchor pole node, finally using anchor pole as node concreting, sash limit is provided with connecting reinforcement;
Step 4, build concrete for plant growth: concrete for plant growth is built in the hollow space that formed in concrete sash, the building of concrete for plant growth layer adopts that machinery is toppled over, the method for Manual, control concrete for plant growth higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface about 50 ~ 100mm, make concrete frame lattice beam be that built-in hidden is arranged;
Step 5, plant the immature soil and sow grass seeds by duster: after concrete for plant growth has been built, the planting soil comprising the soil body, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, soil conditioner, cementing agent and water is dry mixed mixing in mixer, vegetable seeds is blended in the planting soil of jet thickness about 30mm again after mixing thoroughly in planting soil before sowing grass seeds by duster;
Step 6, mould stone carving and mould: larger, the reluctant protrusion stone of side slope upper volume is adopted and moulds Stone technique and process;
Step 7, maintenance: side slope planting soil carries out non-textile mulch protection, utilize network-like shower head that curing water is nebulized the moistening planting soil of thing; Germination period depth of wetted soil should control at 3.5cm, and once, lasting curing time is no less than 45 days, and every 15 days spraying insecticides, prevents plant pest in each maintenance sooner or later.
2. construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, anchor pole is made up of reinforcing bar and mortar, and reinforcing bar stretches out the external node as concrete frame lattice beam in slope.
3. construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, steel moulds grid by tied silk colligation on termination point of anchor rod node, fixes steel and moulds grid.
4. construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, concrete for plant growth is higher than concrete frame lattice beam upper surface 50-100mm.
5. construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with the connecting reinforcement for Concrete Structure sash and concrete for plant growth bonding strength in concrete frame lattice beam.
6. construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, planting soil inside is containing the adhesive be made up of high molecular polymer.
7. construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that Po Dingchu is provided with gutter.
CN201510283136.2A 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 Rock slope concrete for plant growth is combined the construction method of ecoscape protection with moulding stone CN104878767B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178340A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-23 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 Anti-scouring structure used for ecological regreening of rock slope and concrete material used for anti-scouring structure
CN106088109A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-11-09 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Discarded pit slope ecological recovery covers green construction method
CN106480892A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-08 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Grass planting protective slope structure and construction method suitable for mountainous area highway rock side-slope
CN106759395A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 三峡大学 A kind of construction method in rock matter pole gradient slope vegetation habitat
CN108755710A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-06 上海二十冶建设有限公司 A kind of irregular slopes armored concrete cell structure side slope protection erecting device
CN108824362A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 重庆大学 A kind of reservoir stability means of defence using eco-concrete
CN109024629A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 广东省城乡规划设计研究院 A kind of side slope side method for protecting support
CN109208617A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-15 长沙理工大学 A kind of red beds rock side slope flexible comprehensive supporting construction and its construction method
CN111485565A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-04 西安佐尔电子技术有限公司 Integrated reinforcing method for green ecological side slope

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178340A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-23 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 Anti-scouring structure used for ecological regreening of rock slope and concrete material used for anti-scouring structure
CN106088109A (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-11-09 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Discarded pit slope ecological recovery covers green construction method
CN106088109B (en) * 2016-06-06 2019-02-26 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Discarded pit slope ecological recovery covers green construction method
CN106480892A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-08 中国建筑第六工程局有限公司 Grass planting protective slope structure and construction method suitable for mountainous area highway rock side-slope
CN106759395A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 三峡大学 A kind of construction method in rock matter pole gradient slope vegetation habitat
CN106759395B (en) * 2016-12-29 2019-04-30 三峡大学 A kind of construction method in rock matter pole gradient slope vegetation habitat
CN108755710A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-06 上海二十冶建设有限公司 A kind of irregular slopes armored concrete cell structure side slope protection erecting device
CN108824362A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-16 重庆大学 A kind of reservoir stability means of defence using eco-concrete
CN109024629A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 广东省城乡规划设计研究院 A kind of side slope side method for protecting support
CN109208617A (en) * 2018-10-25 2019-01-15 长沙理工大学 A kind of red beds rock side slope flexible comprehensive supporting construction and its construction method
CN111485565A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-04 西安佐尔电子技术有限公司 Integrated reinforcing method for green ecological side slope

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