CN104878731B - Marine oil spill Fence structure - Google Patents

Marine oil spill Fence structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104878731B
CN104878731B CN201510197663.1A CN201510197663A CN104878731B CN 104878731 B CN104878731 B CN 104878731B CN 201510197663 A CN201510197663 A CN 201510197663A CN 104878731 B CN104878731 B CN 104878731B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
traveller
fence
buoyancy aid
air bag
stepped hole
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510197663.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104878731A (en
Inventor
陈庆国
孙会玲
刘梅
Original Assignee
浙江海洋学院
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Priority to CN201510197663.1A priority Critical patent/CN104878731B/en
Publication of CN104878731A publication Critical patent/CN104878731A/en
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Publication of CN104878731B publication Critical patent/CN104878731B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/204Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of marine oil spill Fence structure, it is intended to solving the existing oil fence isolation effect of sea surface oil stain is not good, oil spilling is easily from the deficiency run out of in fence to external diffusion. this invention includes strip buoyancy aid, buoyancy aid upper end is tightly connected the waterproof isolation cloth of strip, buoyancy aid lower end is tightly connected strip isolation and holds court from behind a screen, isolate lower end of holding court from behind a screen and be equidistantly connected to some heavy piece, buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly provided with several stepped holes, traveller it is flexibly connected in stepped hole, traveller lower end connects spring, lower spring end is connected to stepped hole bottom, traveller lower end is supported on stepped hole transition face, traveller upper end is stretched out stepped hole and is connected to waterproof isolation cloth upper end-face edge, waterproof isolation cloth vertically fold is stacking, the width of waterproof isolation cloth vertical direction stretches out the length of stepped hole more than traveller, traveller outer wall is connected to force bearing disk near buoyancy aid upper end position, force bearing disk runs through waterproof isolation cloth and is tightly connected with waterproof isolation cloth.

Description

Marine oil spill Fence structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water surface fence, more specifically, it relates to the marine oil spill Fence structure that a kind of oil spilling isolation effect is good.
Background technology
At present, oil spill is one of polluter that marine environment harm is bigger, and its destruction caused has the features such as the extent of injury is big, it is wide to involve scope, removing difficulty. The density of oil less than the density of sea water, greasy dirt under the combined effect of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae and wave, Driftdiffusion towards periphery, and along with efflorescences such as evaporation, emulsifying, dissolving, sedimentations, the damage envelope of oil spilling can expand rapidly, brings serious harm to marine industries. Therefore process in time when oil spilling occurs, fence was adopted to be controlled in less scope before oil spilling spreads, but existing frequently-used marine oil spill fence isolation effect is not good, under the effect of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae and wave, oil spilling is easily from running out of to external diffusion in fence, and the buoyancy size of fence can not regulate, in different marine sites, the density of sea water difference to some extent, if the buoyancy of fence is too big, under the effect of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae and wave, oil spilling is easily run out of from fence lower end; If the buoyancy of fence is too little, under the effect of Caulis Piperis Kadsurae and wave, oil spilling is easily run out of from fence upper end.
Chinese patent notification number CN203487520U, disclose a kind of spilled oil on water surface pollution and process the lightweight oil fence, including cylinder end socket, cylinder and end socket all use transparent polyethylene material to make, being provided with dividing plate in cylinder, cylinder is divided into the air bin of bottom and the oil strain decomposition bin on top by dividing plate, and the lateral surface of cylinder air bin is provided with buoyancy plate, cylinder oil strain decomposition bin is provided with multiple through hole, the inwall of oil strain decomposition bin is coated with photocatalyst layer. Under the irradiation of sunlight, photocatalyst layer can play good petroleum hydrocarbon decomposition, is decomposed by the fluid in cylinder oil strain decomposition bin. But this oil fence is not good to the isolation effect of sea surface oil stain, oil spilling is easily from running out of in fence to external diffusion.
Summary of the invention
Instant invention overcomes the existing oil fence isolation effect of sea surface oil stain is not good, oil spilling is easily from the deficiency run out of in fence to external diffusion, providing a kind of marine oil spill Fence structure, containment boom is good to the isolation effect of sea surface oil stain, and oil spilling is not easily from running out of in fence to external diffusion. And fence has the effect driveing the shoal of fish, it is prevented that the shoal of fish is gathered in oil spilling position and is poisoned.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: a kind of marine oil spill Fence structure, including strip buoyancy aid, buoyancy aid upper end is tightly connected the waterproof isolation cloth of strip, buoyancy aid lower end is tightly connected strip isolation and holds court from behind a screen, isolate lower end of holding court from behind a screen and be equidistantly connected to some heavy piece, buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly provided with several stepped holes, traveller it is flexibly connected in stepped hole, traveller lower end connects spring, lower spring end is connected to stepped hole bottom, traveller lower end is supported on stepped hole transition face, traveller upper end is stretched out stepped hole and is connected to waterproof isolation cloth upper end-face edge, waterproof isolation cloth vertically fold is stacking, the width of waterproof isolation cloth vertical direction stretches out the length of stepped hole more than traveller, traveller outer wall is connected to force bearing disk near buoyancy aid upper end position, force bearing disk runs through waterproof isolation cloth and is tightly connected with waterproof isolation cloth, buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly connected to several and drives fish device, buoyancy aid is connected to the adjustment air bag of some strips with isolating link position of holding court from behind a screen, regulate in air bag and be provided with protection air bag, regulate and be provided with gap between air bag inwall and protection gasbag ektexine, regulate air bag and be provided with outer layer pneumatic head and internal layer pneumatic head, outer layer pneumatic head connects with regulating air bag, internal layer pneumatic head connects with protection air bag.
After oil spill accident occurs on sea, containment boom is thrown to sea, form the isolation strip of strip, effectively prevent the further diffusion of oil spilling. Owing to often having Caulis Piperis Kadsurae and wave on sea, arranging isolation and hold court from behind a screen and add the isolation degree of depth, improve the isolation effect of oil spilling, heavy piece ensure that the floating stationarity across the sea of fence. When the waviness of sea time, fence follows sea water to float together, but is affected by the effect of inertia, and the moment that wave returns, fence may proceed to travel forward, and causes that the greasy dirt in fence is easily run out of from buoyancy aid upper end, causes the diffusion of oil spilling. And buoyancy aid upper end is provided with the waterproof isolation cloth that fold is stacking in this programme, waterproof isolation cloth upper end connects support by traveller, and traveller is movably connected in stepped hole, therefore the moment that wave returns, traveller can move up from stepped hole, thus holding up waterproof isolation cloth, increases the bearing height of waterproof isolation cloth, ensure that the isolation effect of fence, thus avoiding the moment greasy dirt that wave returns to run out of from buoyancy aid upper end. Regulating air bag and serve the effect of good buoyancy adjustment, the salinity of different waters sea water is otherwise varied, before fence is thrown into sea, it is possible to exchange joint airbag aeration, to increase the buoyancy of fence, it is ensured that the fence isolation effect to greasy dirt. Regulating in air bag and be provided with protection air bag, leak air after phenomenon when regulating air bag, the outside pressure experienced of protection air bag reduces, and outward expansion props up adjustment air bag, it is to avoid regulate air bag deflated and affect the buoyancy of fence, it is ensured that the fence isolation effect to greasy dirt. Owing to oil spilling is unfavorable to fish growth, drive fish device and can drive the shoal of fish, it is prevented that marine fishes, near oil spilling position, are played a very good protection by the shoal of fish. The marine oil spill fence of this programme is good to the isolation effect of sea surface oil stain, and oil spilling is not easily from running out of in fence to external diffusion. And fence has the effect driveing the shoal of fish, it is prevented that the shoal of fish is gathered in oil spilling position and is poisoned.
As preferably, isolating lower end of holding court from behind a screen and be equidistantly connected to several algae culture mesh bags, be equipped with some Sargassum seeds in algae culture mesh bag. After fence is thrown into sea, the Sargassum seed in algae culture mesh bag starts germinating growth, is slowly formed and is connected to isolation and holds court from behind a screen lower end Sargassum curtain, substantially increases the stationarity of fence, add the resistivity of fence opposing Caulis Piperis Kadsurae, wave.
As preferably, drive fish device and include support bar, fan blade, fan blade is rotatably connected on support bar by rotating shaft, several impact beads of uniform connection in rotating shaft, connected by spring between impact bead and rotating shaft, being socketed with trumpet-shaped sounding tube in rotating shaft, sounding tube big footpath opening inwall is laid with the shock sheet of some arc convex shapes, sounding tube miner diameter end is connected on support bar by clamp nut. Breeze wind symptom wheel rotation, rotating shaft follows fan blade to rotate together, is connected to the impact bead in rotating shaft and constantly impinges upon shock sheet, the sound constantly occurs, thus driveing the shoal of fish. This fish apparatus structure that drives is simple, drives fish effective.
As preferably, fixing connection mounting cylinder on support bar, rotating shaft is socketed in mounting cylinder, being socketed with barney outside mounting cylinder, sounding tube is socketed on barney, is provided with sound insulating pad between clamp nut and sounding tube, the T-shaped structure of sound insulating pad, sounding tube miner diameter end anterior end surface is connected on barney rear end face, and rear side end face is connected on T-shaped sound insulating pad transition face, and sounding tube miner diameter end inner wall sleeve is connected on T-shaped sound insulating pad path outer wall. Barney and sound insulating pad serve good soundproof effect, it is prevented that the sound that sounding tube sends is absorbed by support bar, it is ensured that sounding tube can send the clear and melodious sound.
As preferably, regulating and be provided with colored dust between air bag inwall and protection gasbag ektexine. When regulating air bag and leaking air, colored dust is from gas leakage point ejection, and fast and easy finds gas leakage point, in order to follow-up repairing.
As preferably, heavy piece is chondritic, is held court from behind a screen with isolation by stay cord for heavy piece and is connected, and all stay cords are linked together by connection rope. All heavy piece is linked together by stay cord and connection rope, makes whole fence more steadily reliable.
As preferably, isolation is held court from behind a screen above and stay cord link position is all connected with drag hook, and stay cord upper end is connected to connection ring, connects ring and removably connects with drag hook. Heavy piece and isolation are held court from behind a screen and are realized removably connecting by connecting ring and drag hook, and the storage before facilitating fence to use is deposited.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: marine oil spill fence is good to the isolation effect of sea surface oil stain, oil spilling is not easily from running out of in fence to external diffusion. And fence has the effect driveing the shoal of fish, it is prevented that the shoal of fish is gathered in oil spilling position and is poisoned.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the close-up schematic view of the present invention;
In figure: 1, buoyancy aid, 2, waterproof isolation cloth, 3, isolation hold court from behind a screen, 4, heavy piece, 5, stepped hole; 6, traveller, 7, force bearing disk, 8, drive fish device, 9, regulate air bag; 10, protection air bag, 11, algae culture mesh bag, 12, support bar, 13, fan blade; 14, rotating shaft, 15, impact bead, 16, sounding tube, 17, clash into sheet; 18, clamp nut, 19, mounting cylinder, 20, barney, 21, sound insulating pad; 22, stay cord, 23, connect rope, 24, drag hook, 25, connect ring.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by specific embodiment, and in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme is further described specifically:
Embodiment: a kind of marine oil spill Fence structure (referring to accompanying drawing 1), including strip buoyancy aid 1, buoyancy aid upper end is tightly connected the waterproof isolation cloth 2 of strip, buoyancy aid lower end is tightly connected strip isolation and holds court from behind a screen 3, isolate lower end of holding court from behind a screen from head end to tail end, be equidistantly connected to some heavy piece 4, heavy piece is chondritic, is held court from behind a screen with isolation by stay cord 22 for heavy piece and is connected, and all stay cords pass through connection and restrict and 23 link together. isolation is held court from behind a screen above and stay cord link position is all connected with drag hook 24, and stay cord upper end is connected to connection ring 25, connects ring and removably connects with drag hook. buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly provided with several stepped holes 5 from head end to tail end, traveller 6 it is flexibly connected in stepped hole, traveller lower end connects spring, lower spring end is connected to stepped hole bottom, traveller lower end is supported on stepped hole and is transitioned into the transition face of path part from large diameter portion, traveller upper end is stretched out stepped hole and is connected to waterproof isolation cloth upper end-face edge, waterproof isolation cloth vertically fold is stacking, the width of waterproof isolation cloth vertical direction stretches out the length of stepped hole more than traveller, traveller outer wall is connected to force bearing disk 7 near buoyancy aid upper end position, force bearing disk runs through waterproof isolation cloth and is tightly connected with waterproof isolation cloth, buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly connected to several from head end to tail end and drives fish device 8(referring to accompanying drawing 2), drive fish device and include support bar 12, fan blade 13, fan blade is rotatably connected on support bar by rotating shaft 14, three impact beads 15 of uniform connection in rotating shaft, connected by spring between impact bead and rotating shaft, rotating shaft is socketed with trumpet-shaped sounding tube 16, sounding tube big footpath opening inwall is laid with the shock sheet 17 of three arc convex shapes, sounding tube miner diameter end is connected on support bar by clamp nut 18. buoyancy aid is connected to the adjustment air bag 9 of some strips with isolating link position of holding court from behind a screen, regulate and in air bag, be provided with protection air bag 10, regulate and be provided with gap between air bag inwall and protection gasbag ektexine, regulate air bag and be provided with outer layer pneumatic head and internal layer pneumatic head, outer layer pneumatic head connects with regulating air bag, and internal layer pneumatic head connects with protection air bag. regulate and between air bag inwall and protection gasbag ektexine, be provided with colored dust. fixing connection mounting cylinder 19 on support bar, rotating shaft is socketed in mounting cylinder, barney 20 it is socketed with outside mounting cylinder, sounding tube is socketed on barney, sound insulating pad 21 it is provided with between clamp nut and sounding tube, the T-shaped structure of sound insulating pad, sounding tube miner diameter end anterior end surface is connected on barney rear end face, rear side end face is connected to T-shaped sound insulating pad and is transitioned into the transition face of path part from large diameter portion, and sounding tube miner diameter end inner wall sleeve is connected on T-shaped sound insulating pad path outer wall. isolate lower end of holding court from behind a screen and be equidistantly connected to several algae culture mesh bags 11, in algae culture mesh bag, be equipped with some Sargassum seeds.
After oil spill accident occurs on sea, containment boom is thrown to sea, form the isolation strip of strip, effectively prevent the further diffusion of oil spilling. Owing to often having Caulis Piperis Kadsurae and wave on sea, arranging isolation and hold court from behind a screen and add the isolation degree of depth, improve the isolation effect of oil spilling, heavy piece ensure that the floating stationarity across the sea of fence. When the waviness of sea time, fence follows sea water to float together, but is affected by the effect of inertia, and the moment that wave returns, fence may proceed to travel forward, and causes that the greasy dirt in fence is easily run out of from buoyancy aid upper end, causes the diffusion of oil spilling. And buoyancy aid upper end is provided with the waterproof isolation cloth that fold is stacking in this programme, waterproof isolation cloth upper end connects support by traveller, and traveller is movably connected in stepped hole, therefore the moment that wave returns, traveller can move up from stepped hole, thus holding up waterproof isolation cloth, increases the bearing height of waterproof isolation cloth, ensure that the isolation effect of fence, thus avoiding the moment greasy dirt that wave returns to run out of from buoyancy aid upper end. Regulating air bag and serve the effect of good buoyancy adjustment, the salinity of different waters sea water is otherwise varied, before fence is thrown into sea, it is possible to exchange joint airbag aeration, to increase the buoyancy of fence, it is ensured that the fence isolation effect to greasy dirt. Regulating in air bag and be provided with protection air bag, leak air after phenomenon when regulating air bag, the outside pressure experienced of protection air bag reduces, and outward expansion props up adjustment air bag, it is to avoid regulate air bag deflated and affect the buoyancy of fence, it is ensured that the fence isolation effect to greasy dirt. Owing to oil spilling is unfavorable to fish growth, drive fish device and can drive the shoal of fish, it is prevented that marine fishes, near oil spilling position, are played a very good protection by the shoal of fish. The marine oil spill fence of this programme is good to the isolation effect of sea surface oil stain, and oil spilling is not easily from running out of in fence to external diffusion. And fence has the effect driveing the shoal of fish, it is prevented that the shoal of fish is gathered in oil spilling position and is poisoned.
Embodiment described above is the one preferably scheme of the present invention, not the present invention is done any pro forma restriction, also has other variant and remodeling under the premise without departing from the technical scheme described in claim.

Claims (7)

1. a marine oil spill Fence structure, including strip buoyancy aid, it is characterized in that, buoyancy aid upper end is tightly connected the waterproof isolation cloth of strip, buoyancy aid lower end is tightly connected strip isolation and holds court from behind a screen, isolate lower end of holding court from behind a screen and be equidistantly connected to some heavy piece, buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly provided with several stepped holes, traveller it is flexibly connected in stepped hole, traveller lower end connects spring, lower spring end is connected to stepped hole bottom, traveller lower end is supported on stepped hole transition face, traveller upper end is stretched out stepped hole and is connected to waterproof isolation cloth upper end-face edge, waterproof isolation cloth vertically fold is stacking, the width of waterproof isolation cloth vertical direction stretches out the length of stepped hole more than traveller, traveller outer wall is connected to force bearing disk near buoyancy aid upper end position, force bearing disk runs through waterproof isolation cloth and is tightly connected with waterproof isolation cloth, buoyancy aid upper end is equidistantly connected to several and drives fish device, buoyancy aid is connected to the adjustment air bag of some strips with isolating link position of holding court from behind a screen, regulate in air bag and be provided with protection air bag, regulate and be provided with gap between air bag inwall and protection gasbag ektexine, regulate air bag and be provided with outer layer pneumatic head and internal layer pneumatic head, outer layer pneumatic head connects with regulating air bag, internal layer pneumatic head connects with protection air bag.
2. marine oil spill Fence structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that, isolates lower end of holding court from behind a screen and is equidistantly connected to several algae culture mesh bags, is equipped with some Sargassum seeds in algae culture mesh bag.
3. marine oil spill Fence structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, drive fish device and include support bar, fan blade, fan blade is rotatably connected on support bar by rotating shaft, in rotating shaft, several impact beads of uniform connection, are connected by spring between impact bead and rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is socketed with trumpet-shaped sounding tube, being laid with the shock sheet of some arc convex shapes on the opening inwall of sounding tube big footpath, sounding tube miner diameter end is connected on support bar by clamp nut.
4. marine oil spill Fence structure according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, fixing connection mounting cylinder on support bar, rotating shaft is socketed in mounting cylinder, is socketed with barney outside mounting cylinder, sounding tube is socketed on barney, sound insulating pad it is provided with between clamp nut and sounding tube, the T-shaped structure of sound insulating pad, sounding tube miner diameter end anterior end surface is connected on barney rear end face, rear side end face is connected on T-shaped sound insulating pad transition face, and sounding tube miner diameter end inner wall sleeve is connected on T-shaped sound insulating pad path outer wall.
5. the marine oil spill Fence structure according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that, regulates and is provided with colored dust between air bag inwall and protection gasbag ektexine.
6. the marine oil spill Fence structure according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that, heavy piece is chondritic, is held court from behind a screen with isolation by stay cord for heavy piece and is connected, and all stay cords are linked together by connection rope.
7. marine oil spill Fence structure according to claim 6, is characterized in that, isolation is held court from behind a screen above and stay cord link position is all connected with drag hook, and stay cord upper end is connected to connection ring, connects ring and removably connects with drag hook.
CN201510197663.1A 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Marine oil spill Fence structure CN104878731B (en)

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106912479A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-07-04 浙江海洋大学 Fish warning system design is driven in underwater engineering blasting construction
CN107130571B (en) * 2017-04-18 2019-07-09 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Enclose oily facility supervision method and device
CN107524127B (en) * 2017-09-19 2019-09-03 浙江海洋大学 A kind of air barrier encloses oily device
CN108049380B (en) * 2018-01-17 2019-12-17 南团科技江苏有限公司 Floating fence capable of preventing floating oil from diffusing
CN108589677B (en) * 2018-05-30 2019-09-24 武汉理工大学 The oil fence for Inland River Ship-carrying high flow rate waters
CN109060447B (en) * 2018-08-31 2020-10-20 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Method for monitoring concentration of suspended matters in construction sea area by utilizing multilayer distribution sampling device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1070974A (en) * 1991-09-25 1993-04-14 埃克潘迪系统公司 The device that is used for the water hurdle
KR20030003133A (en) * 2002-09-30 2003-01-09 장일도 Auto-Inflation Type Oil Boom
KR20070004470A (en) * 2006-11-19 2007-01-09 손성호 Automatic height and the fixation which use the nature of water pressure the ease one floating trash removal infrastructure

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1070974A (en) * 1991-09-25 1993-04-14 埃克潘迪系统公司 The device that is used for the water hurdle
KR20030003133A (en) * 2002-09-30 2003-01-09 장일도 Auto-Inflation Type Oil Boom
KR20070004470A (en) * 2006-11-19 2007-01-09 손성호 Automatic height and the fixation which use the nature of water pressure the ease one floating trash removal infrastructure

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