CN104875598A - Hybrid power system, hybrid power vehicle with same and driving method - Google Patents

Hybrid power system, hybrid power vehicle with same and driving method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104875598A
CN104875598A CN201510374867.8A CN201510374867A CN104875598A CN 104875598 A CN104875598 A CN 104875598A CN 201510374867 A CN201510374867 A CN 201510374867A CN 104875598 A CN104875598 A CN 104875598A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
power
clutch
gear
pinion carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201510374867.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104875598B (en
Inventor
刘英泽
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QINGYUAN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd TIANJIN
Original Assignee
QINGYUAN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd TIANJIN
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by QINGYUAN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd TIANJIN filed Critical QINGYUAN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CO Ltd TIANJIN
Priority to CN201510374867.8A priority Critical patent/CN104875598B/en
Publication of CN104875598A publication Critical patent/CN104875598A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104875598B publication Critical patent/CN104875598B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a hybrid power system, a hybrid power vehicle with the same and a driving method. The hybrid power system comprises an internal combustion engine, a front planet row comprising a front sun wheel, a front planet carrier and a front gear ring, and a rear planet row comprising a rear sun wheel, a rear planet carrier and a rear gear ring, wherein the front gear ring of the front planet row is connected with a first motor, the rear sun wheel of the rear planet row is connected with a second motor, the output end of the internal combustion engine is connected with the front sun wheel of the front planet row, the front planet carrier of the front planet row is connected with the rear planet carrier of the rear planet row, the rear gear ring of the rear planet row is connected with a system output shaft through an outer gear transmission device, the front gear ring is connected with a front locking clutch used for locking or releasing the front gear ring, the front planet carrier is connected with a middle locking clutch used for locking or releasing the front planet carrier, the rear sun wheel is connected with a rear locking clutch used for locking or releasing the rear sun wheel, and a mode clutch is arranged between the rear sun wheel and the rear planet carrier. The hybrid power system can realize multiple hybrid power work conditions including a serial-connection work condition, and improve the adaptability under different driving conditions and requirements.

Description

A kind of hybrid power system is unified the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method that have this system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hybrid power system.Particularly relate to a kind of hybrid power system to unify the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method that have this system.
Background technology
In the face of energy shortage and the day by day serious present situation of environmental pollution, hybrid vehicle is most actv. energy-saving automobile scheme at present, and its power system has series, parallel and series-parallel connection three kinds of forms.Tandem energy realizes the optimal control of combustion engine, but all energy all can, through two times transfer, lose larger; Parallel connection can realize good driving efficiency, but combustion engine and output shaft are mechanically connected, and can not ensure that combustion engine is in preferably in work area all the time; Series-parallel connection in conjunction with the advantage of series and parallel connections, can evade the shortcoming of the two, is the configuration scheme optimized the most in three.
Current Series-Parallel HEV mainly adopts planetary mechanism as power dividing device, and typical version comprises the THS system of Toyota and general AHS system.Wherein the THS system of Toyota adopts single planetary row structure, belongs to single mode power dividing device, can only realize a kind of pattern of input type power dividing, lower at the driving efficiency of high velocity.The AHS system of General Corporation adopts double or three rows of planetary row to realize power dividing, input type power dividing and combined type power dividing two kinds of patterns can be realized, two kinds of patterns make up mutually, make the driving efficiency of AHS can maintain higher level in whole vehicle-speed region, but often need the control of multiple power-transfer clutch to carry out implementation pattern in AHS system to switch, make the structure of whole system very complicated, control difficulty larger.
" planetary series-parallel connection power system and use the vehicle of this power system " (Shen Qing Publication CN104175860A, Shen Qing Publication day 20141203) and " planetary type dual-mode petrol-electric parallel-serial hybrid power system " (application publication number CN103448529A, Shen Qing Publication day 20131218) be proposed the hybrid power system of double planet wheel rows of mixing, but these two kinds of systems are by the generation avoiding tandem operating mode all done one's utmost to reduce dynamo-electric two times transfer, to reduce the waste of energy as far as possible.But the power actuated vehicle travelled in city, due to traffic congestion situation comparatively severe vehicle loiter, sometimes the speed of a motor vehicle is difficult to reach the level required for horsepower output shunting, and the electrical source of power on car cannot supplement electricity timely.So tandem operating mode is for motor vehicle driven by mixed power or necessary, but above-mentioned two kinds of hybrid power systems all cannot realize tandem operating mode.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is, the multiple hybrid-power operating mode that can realize comprising tandem operating mode is provided, can improves for different driving conditions and require the hybrid power system of adaptive capacity to unify to have motor vehicle driven by mixed power and the driving method of this system.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of hybrid power system, comprise combustion engine, include front sun wheel, the front planet row of front pinion carrier and front ring gear, include rear sun gear, the rear planet row of rear pinion carrier and rear gear ring, the front ring gear of described front planet row connects the first motor, the rear sun gear of described rear planet row connects the second motor, the mouth of described combustion engine is connected with the front sun wheel of described front planet row, the front pinion carrier of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier of described rear planet row, the rear gear ring of described rear planet row is connected with system output shaft by external gearing, described front ring gear is connected with and carries out lock-up clutch before locking or release to described front ring gear, described front pinion carrier is connected with lock-up clutch in described front pinion carrier locking or release, described rear sun gear is connected with the rear lock-up clutch described rear sun gear being carried out to locking or release, regime clutch is provided with between described rear sun gear and described rear pinion carrier.
There is a motor vehicle driven by mixed power for hybrid power system, the drive axle of the system output shaft connection hybrid power vehicle of hybrid power system.
A driving method for hybrid power system, comprises following pattern:
A, electric-only mode:
Combustion engine is closed, and electrical source of power provides power driven car load to travel to the second motor, and this pattern is divided into the pure electronic two kinds of patterns of pure electronic, the high speed of a motor vehicle of the low speed of a motor vehicle:
A1, high speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
By power supply, other forms of energy is changed into electric energy, by Driven by inverter second motor, second motor utilizes electric energy to do work, drive rear sun gear rotates, rear gear ring, rear pinion carrier and rear sun gear rotate with rotating speed jointly, rear gear ring by outer gearing by transmission of power to system output shaft; Now the first motor is in idling conditions, and combustion engine does not turn, the inner side of satellite gear sun wheel revolution before static before the rotating speed of the first motor can make the rotation rotating speed of front satellite gear ensure just, and the fit inside of the outside of front satellite gear and front ring gear rotates;
A2, low speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Other forms of energy is changed into electric energy by power supply by energy, by Driven by inverter second motor, second motor utilizes electric energy to do work, drive rear sun gear rotates, the rear satellite gear that rear sun gear is not revolved round the sun by only rotation is by transmission of power to rear gear ring, and rear gear ring is successively by external gearing and system output shaft horsepower output;
B, pure charge mode:
In pure charge mode, the second motor does not operate, the rear gear ring of rear planet row, rear pinion carrier and the equal non rotating of rear sun gear, and power is only flowed to the first motor and inverter by combustion engine, and this pattern is divided into following pattern:
B1,0100 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off, regime clutch is thrown off; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B2,0101 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch engages; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B3,0110 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B4,0111 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch engage; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B5,0011 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch engage; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
C, internal combustion engine drive pattern:
Internal combustion engine start, the first motor does not work, and combustion engine provides power driven car load to travel, and this pattern is divided into that the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drives, the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drives two kinds of patterns;
C1, the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drive pattern:
The disengagement of front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring;
C2, the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with the rotating speed identical with rear pinion carrier, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring;
D, combination drive pattern:
In combination drive pattern, internal combustion engine, the second motor is in motoring condition, and by sun wheel planet row input power backward, the first motor is then selected to be in generating or electronic or off position as required, and this pattern is divided into following 5 kinds of patterns:
D1, serial mixed power pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off; Power is inputted through front sun wheel by combustion engine, and the front satellite gear do not revolved round the sun through a rotation passes to front ring gear, and front ring gear drives the first electric power generation; And the second motor is by Driven by inverter, to rear sun gear input power, power is gear ring after satellite gear before only rotation is not revolved round the sun passes to, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring;
D2, combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
D3, combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power torque that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
D4, combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
D5, combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power torque that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
E, power dividing output mode:
E1, the first motor charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off; Due to rear lock-up clutch locking, so the second motor can not accept the energy of rear planet row, rear planet row now just becomes a single-stage speed increaser, by the power ascending, descending torque inputted by front ring gear, exports to rear sun gear, external gearing and system output shaft;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, transmission of power is given the first motor by front sun wheel driven rotary by front ring gear, and the first motor in the past planet row absorbs energy, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with the speed being greater than rear pinion carrier rotating speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
E2, the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the first motor charging+combustion engine:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, and transmission of power by front sun wheel driven rotary, and is given the first motor by front ring gear, first motor in the past planet row absorbs energy, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, and after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
E3, the second motor charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring and rear sun gear rotate; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter, and rear planet row is in rotating speed couple state, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
E4, the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the second motor charging+combustion engine:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical speed with rear sun gear; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter, and rear planet row is in torque coupling state, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
F, Brake energy recovery pattern
Combustion engine is closed, and the first motor does not work, and the second motor is in generating state, and the friction braking system of the second motor and car load provides braking force to brake for car load, and this pattern is divided into low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery and high speed of a motor vehicle energy brake to reclaim two kinds of patterns:
F1, low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off; The electric braking force inputted by the second motor is exported by rear sun gear, rear satellite gear, rear gear ring, external gearing and system output shaft successively, realizes braking energy recovering function; The power absorbed by braking is all transmitted and gives the second motor, and is generated electricity by inverter, is recovered to by electric energy in electrical source of power;
F2, high speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages; Now the first motor idle running, the electric braking force inputted by the second motor is exported by rear sun gear, rear satellite gear, rear pinion carrier, regime clutch, rear gear ring, external gearing and system output shaft successively, realizes braking energy recovering function; The power absorbed by braking is all transmitted and gives the second motor, and is generated electricity by inverter, is recovered to by electric energy in electrical source of power;
H, standby mode:
H1, the first motor powered+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
The low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of h2, the first motor powered+combustion engine:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical rotating speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
H3, parking charge mode for subsequent use:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, and after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and rear pinion carrier drives rear sun gear to rotate; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter.
Described b1 pattern and described b5 pattern backup each other.
Under e1 pattern, when vehicle is in down speeding procedure, combustion engine is reduction of speed not, first motor is in generating state, and is charged to electrical source of power by inverter, in power generation process, increase rotating speed gradually, the power that first motor absorbs increases gradually, be delivered to power and the rotating speed reduction gradually of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, reduce horsepower output and the output speed of rear planet row, until be reduced to the pattern of low speed of a motor vehicle operation.
Under e2 pattern, when vehicle is in accelerator, first improve the rotating speed corresponding to the paramount speed of a motor vehicle of internal-combustion engine rotational speed, first electric power generation is also charged to electrical source of power by inverter, and in power generation process, constantly reduce rotating speed, the power that first motor is absorbed reduces gradually, is delivered to power and the rotating speed increase gradually of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, thus increases horsepower output and the output speed of rear planet row.
Under e3 pattern, when vehicle is in accelerator, first improve the rotating speed corresponding to the paramount speed of a motor vehicle of internal-combustion engine rotational speed, second motor keeps generating, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, and constantly rotating speed is reduced in power generation process, the power that the second motor absorbs reduces gradually, and be delivered to the power of rear planet row and rotating speed by constant by front ring gear, the horsepower output of planet row and output speed after increasing.
Under e4 pattern, when vehicle reduction of speed, second motor is in generating state, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, second motor increases the torque of absorption gradually, and it is constant to input to the torque of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, and the Driving Torque of rear planet row declines, the moment of torsion driving vehicle to advance declines, and the deceleration/decel of vehicle increases gradually.
A kind of hybrid power system, comprise combustion engine, include front sun wheel, the front planet row of front pinion carrier and front ring gear, include rear sun gear, the rear planet row of rear pinion carrier and rear gear ring, the mouth of described combustion engine is connected with the front sun wheel of front planet row, the front pinion carrier of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier of rear planet row, the front ring gear of front planet row connects the first motor, described front ring gear is connected with and carries out lock-up clutch before locking or release to front ring gear, front pinion carrier is connected with lock-up clutch in front pinion carrier locking or release, the rear gear ring of rear planet row is connected with system output shaft, the motor shaft of the second motor is hollow shaft, system output shaft passes from the second motor, the rear sun gear of rear planet row is connected with the second motor, described rear sun gear is connected with rear lock-up clutch rear sun gear being carried out to locking or release, regime clutch is provided with between described rear sun gear and rear pinion carrier.
There is a motor vehicle driven by mixed power for hybrid power system, the drive axle of the system output shaft connection hybrid power vehicle of hybrid power system.
A kind of hybrid power system of the present invention is unified the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method that have this system, the power that in utilization, lock-up clutch interrupts between front planet row and rear planet row contacts, not only series connection type hybrid power system can be formed, the operating efficiency of driving engine when the low speed of a motor vehicle of vehicle can also be improved, otherwise, in order to tackle the state being in the low speed of a motor vehicle for a long time and advancing in prior art, just needing the capacity increasing battery, improving the manufacturing cost of vehicle.The power that during the present embodiment can also utilize, lock-up clutch cuts off between front planet row and rear planet row contacts, make vehicle can be in pure electronic or pure charge condition as required, improve the adaptive capacity of vehicle for different operating mode, decrease the time of run of combustion engine, improve the comfort level of vehicle ride.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the first hybrid power system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in low speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode;
Fig. 3 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in high speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode;
Fig. 4 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in the pure electronic bad lectotype of the high speed of a motor vehicle;
Fig. 5 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in 0100 pattern of pure charge mode;
Fig. 6 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in 0101 pattern of pure charge mode;
Fig. 7 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in 0110 pattern of pure charge mode;
Fig. 8 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in 0111 pattern of pure charge mode;
Fig. 9 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in 0011 pattern of pure charge mode;
Figure 10 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in that the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drives pattern;
Figure 11 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in that the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drives pattern;
Figure 12 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in serial mixed power pattern;
Figure 13 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in combustion engine+motor second input hybrid mode and motor second rotating speed is coupled in parallel;
Figure 14 is that embodiment 1 is in combustion engine+motor second input parallel connection and the operation schematic diagram of motor second torque coupling hybrid mode;
Figure 15 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in combustion engine+motor second+motor first input hybrid mode and motor second rotating speed is coupled in parallel;
Figure 16 is that embodiment 1 is in combustion engine+motor second+motor first input parallel connection and the operation schematic diagram of motor second torque coupling hybrid mode;
Figure 17 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of motor first charging+combustion engine;
Figure 18 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in motor first charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern;
Figure 19 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in motor second charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern;
Figure 20 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in motor second charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern;
Figure 21 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern;
Figure 22 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in high speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern;
Figure 23 be embodiment 1 be in motor first electronic+the operation schematic diagram of the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of combustion engine;
Figure 24 be embodiment 1 be in motor first electronic+the operation schematic diagram of combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle pattern;
Figure 25 is the operation schematic diagram that embodiment 1 is in parking charge mode for subsequent use;
Figure 26 is the structural representation that in motor vehicle driven by mixed power of the present invention, hybrid power system is connected with motor vehicle driven by mixed power;
Figure 27 is the structural representation of embodiment 2;
Figure 28 is the structural representation of embodiment 3.
In figure
1: combustion engine 2: the first motor
3: front lock-up clutch 4: inverter
5: electrical source of power 6: front ring gear
7: rear gear ring 8: rear lock-up clutch
9: regime clutch 10: the second motor
11: system output shaft 12: rear sun gear
13: rear pinion carrier 14: front pinion carrier
15: front sun wheel 16: middle lock-up clutch
17: drive axle 18: external gearing
Detailed description of the invention
Unifying to a kind of hybrid power system of the present invention below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing has the motor vehicle driven by mixed power of this system and driving method to be described in detail.
It should be noted that at this, " connection " of independent appearance listed in this part, should be understood to mechanical connection, and this mechanical connection process does not comprise various power-transfer clutch.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of hybrid power system of the present invention, comprise combustion engine 1, include the front planet row of front sun wheel 15, front pinion carrier 14 and front ring gear 6, include the rear planet row of rear sun gear 12, rear pinion carrier 13 and rear gear ring 7, the front ring gear 6 of front planet row connects the first motor 2, and the rear sun gear 12 of rear planet row connects the second motor 10, first motor, the second motor are electrically connected with inverter 4 respectively, and inverter is electrically connected with electrical source of power 5.The mouth of described combustion engine 1 is connected with the front sun wheel 15 of front planet row, it is characterized in that, the front pinion carrier 14 of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier 13 of rear planet row, the rear gear ring 7 of described rear planet row is connected with system output shaft 11 by external gearing 18, described front ring gear 6 is connected with and carries out lock-up clutch 3 before locking or release to front ring gear 6, and front ring gear can be locked on planetary transmission housing or be released and freely rotate under the effect of front lock-up clutch 3.Front pinion carrier 14 is connected with lock-up clutch 16 in front pinion carrier 14 locking or release, and front pinion carrier can be locked on planetary transmission housing or be released and freely rotate under the effect of middle lock-up clutch 16.Described rear sun gear 12 is connected with the rear lock-up clutch 8 rear sun gear 12 being carried out to locking or release, is provided with regime clutch 9 between described rear sun gear 12 and rear pinion carrier 13.This regime clutch 9 in conjunction with time make after pinion carrier 13 link together with rear sun gear 12, and then rear planet row is integrally rotated, and after can making when being separated, gear ring 7, rear pinion carrier 13 and rear sun gear 12 rotate relatively freely.
The mode of operation of the driving method of a kind of hybrid power system of the present invention is as shown in table 1.In order to save the space in table, in table 1, the first motor M1 represents, the second motor M2 represents:
Below in conjunction with table 1 and Fig. 2-25, the driving method of a kind of hybrid power system of the present invention is described, mode of operation.Wherein, in the drawings, the flow direction of energy is represented with arrow.In table 1, before, during and after 1 expression in left side 4 arranges, lock-up clutch locking or regime clutch engage, and before, during and after 0 expression, lock-up clutch or regime clutch are thrown off.That is,
When front lock-up clutch locking, rotor and the front ring gear of the first motor are lockable, and can not rotate.If front pinion carrier or front sun wheel rotate, the front satellite gear revolution+rotation in front ring gear in front pinion carrier will be driven, power transmits and does not associate with the first motor between front pinion carrier or front sun wheel, and now, planet row will become a single reduction gear.If when front lock-up clutch is thrown off, the rotor of front ring gear and the first motor will rotate, and front planet row is in planetary gear speed-changing state, transmission of power may occur between the first motor and front planet row.
When middle lock-up clutch locking, the front pinion carrier of front planet row and the rear pinion carrier of rear planet row will be lockable, can not rotate, transmission of power can not occur between front planet row and rear planet row, front planet row and rear planet row can independently be selected to run or do not run according to respective needs.If front planet row or rear planet row run, the effect of single-stage change-speed box will be played.Time central lock-up clutch is thrown off, power can be passed to the rear pinion carrier of rear planet row by the front pinion carrier of front planet row.
When rear lock-up clutch locking, the rotor of rear sun gear and the second motor will be lockable, and can not rotate.Because rear sun gear can not rotate, so planet row also can become a single reduction gear now.If rear pinion carrier or rear gear ring rotate, so power only can occur transmit and do not associate with the second motor between rear pinion carrier and rear gear ring.If when rear lock-up clutch is thrown off, the rotor of rear sun gear and the second motor can rotate, and rear planet row is in planetary gear speed-changing state, transmission of power may occur between the second motor and rear planet row.
Time regime clutch engages, together with will being relatively fixed between rear sun gear with rear pinion carrier, owing to not relatively rotating between both, also can not there is rotation in satellite gear, so rear gear ring now can not produce the revolution making satellite gear rotation.So now, rear planet row will become an entirety, namely after, gear ring, rear pinion carrier, rear sun gear jointly rotate with a rotating speed or fix, after gear ring, system output shaft, the rotor of the second motor or all fixing, the rotor (wherein, both rotating speeds are identical afterwards) of system output shaft and rear gear ring, the second motor rotates jointly with a speed ratio determined.
In addition, the symbol in each pattern is below illustrated:
T efor the combustion engine mouth i.e. torque of front planet row sun wheel, T mG1be the torque of the first motor, T mG2be the torque of the second motor, T outfor the total torque that the system output shaft of hybrid power system exports;
K 1for the speed ratio of front planet row, k 2for the speed ratio of rear planet row, k 3for the speed ratio of external gearing, k 3refer to the number of teeth of the rear gear ring ratio divided by the number of teeth of the gear on system output shaft.
N efor the rotating speed of combustion engine mouth, n 1be the rotating speed of the first motor, n 2be the rotating speed of the second motor, n outfor the rotating speed of system output shaft.
The driving method of a kind of hybrid power system of the present invention, comprises following pattern:
A, electric-only mode:
Combustion engine 1 is closed, and electrical source of power 5 provides power driven car load to travel to the second motor 10, and this pattern is divided into the pure electronic two kinds of patterns of pure electronic, the high speed of a motor vehicle of the low speed of a motor vehicle:
A1, high speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode:
As shown in Figure 2, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.Now hybrid power system be input as the second motor 10 be connected on rear gear ring, export as system output shaft, concrete torque is closed and is: T out=T mG2× k 3, the speed ratio of rear planet row is 1, and this state is suitable for high vehicle speed cruise operating mode.
By power supply, other forms of energy is changed into electric energy, by Driven by inverter second motor, second motor utilizes electric energy to do work, drive rear sun gear rotates, because regime clutch engages, rear planet row will become an entirety, and rear gear ring, rear pinion carrier and rear sun gear rotate with rotating speed jointly, rear gear ring by outer gearing by transmission of power to system output shaft.Now the first motor is in idling conditions, and combustion engine does not turn, the inner side of satellite gear sun wheel revolution before static before the rotating speed of the first motor can make the rotation rotating speed of front satellite gear ensure just, and the fit inside of the outside of front satellite gear and front ring gear rotates.The rotating speed n of the first motor 1=n 2× (1+k 1)/k 1.
A2, low speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode:
As shown in Figure 3, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.Now hybrid power system be input as the second motor 10 be connected on rear sun gear, export as system output shaft 11, rear sun gear by rear pinion carrier 15 backward gear ring carry out transmission, concrete torque is closed and is: T out=T mG2× k 2× k 3, be suitable for the starting of the low speed of a motor vehicle and drive operating mode.In this state, due to middle power-transfer clutch locking, the actual parts being only rear planet row and input thereof, output worked in hybrid power system, front planet to come in transmission of power and inoperative.
Other forms of energy is changed into electric energy by power supply by energy, by Driven by inverter second motor, second motor utilizes electric energy to do work, drive rear sun gear rotates, because rear pinion carrier is fixed, rear satellite gear is now idle pulley, only rotation is not revolved round the sun, after institute, planet row now becomes a single reduction gear, rear gear ring revolves round the sun around rear sun gear, the rear satellite gear that rear sun gear is not revolved round the sun by only rotation is by transmission of power to rear gear ring, and rear gear ring is successively by external gearing and system output shaft horsepower output.
It should be noted that in addition, under the pure motoring condition of the low speed of a motor vehicle shown in Fig. 3, because the front ring gear of front planet row is locked by middle lock-up clutch, front ring gear cannot rotate.So as shown in Figure 4, if again by locked for front pinion carrier, although also the effect same with Fig. 3 can be played, obviously so just add the locked link of unnecessary needs, reduce the service life of corresponding component.So the low speed of a motor vehicle pure electronic in, be not suitable for also by locked for front lock-up clutch.
Electric-only mode can eliminate the idling oil consumption of combustion engine, improves car load fuel economy.And, realize the low speed of a motor vehicle and the high speed of a motor vehicle two kinds of patterns by control lock-up clutch and regime clutch, while adapting to car low speed high torque demand, reduce the speed demand to the second motor, when electrical source of power electricity is sufficient, utilize the second motor to drive car load as far as possible, improve car load economy.
B, pure charge mode:
In pure charge mode, the second motor does not operate, the rear gear ring of rear planet row, rear pinion carrier and the equal non rotating of rear sun gear, and power is only flowed to the first motor and inverter by combustion engine, and this pattern is divided into following pattern:
B1,0100 pattern:
As shown in Figure 5, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off, regime clutch is thrown off.Because middle lock-up clutch is locked, so front pinion carrier and rear pinion carrier all cannot be rotated, so the power transimission between front planet row and rear planet row is interrupted.By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B2,0101 pattern:
As shown in Figure 6, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch engages.Because middle lock-up clutch is locked, so front pinion carrier and rear pinion carrier all cannot be rotated, so the power transimission between front planet row and rear planet row is interrupted.Because middle lock-up clutch locking, the power transimission between forward and backward planet row is interrupted, so no matter whether regime clutch engages, does not in fact affect the process of the generating transmission of front planet row.By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B3,0110 pattern:
As shown in Figure 7, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off.Because middle lock-up clutch is locked, so front pinion carrier and rear pinion carrier all cannot be rotated, so the power transimission between front planet row and rear planet row is interrupted.So lock-up clutch whether locking no matter, in fact do not affect the process of the generating transmission of front planet row.But in this pattern, because rear lock-up clutch also achieves latch functions, so also the moment of a part of locking can be born, the burden of lock-up clutch in reduction.By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B4,0111 pattern:
As shown in Figure 8, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch engage.Because middle lock-up clutch is locked, so front pinion carrier and rear pinion carrier all cannot be rotated, so the power transimission between front planet row and rear planet row is interrupted.Because middle lock-up clutch locking, the power transimission between forward and backward planet row is interrupted, thus no matter lock-up clutch whether locking, regime clutch whether engage, in fact do not affect the process of the generating transmission of front planet row.But in this pattern, because rear lock-up clutch also achieves latch functions, so also the moment of a part of locking can be born, the burden of lock-up clutch in reduction.By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B5,0011 pattern:
As shown in Figure 9, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch engage.Because regime clutch engages, the rear sun gear of so rear planet row is with rear pinion carrier or can only rotate with identical rotating speed, or can not rotate, again because rear lock-up clutch locking, so rear sun gear can not rotate.After institute, planet row all can not rotate.So this pattern, identical with 0100 pattern in the problem of locked rear pinion carrier, i.e. locked pinion carrier in fact, the power transimission between forward and backward planet row is also cut off.By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state.
If middle lock-up clutch breaks down, cannot locking, so by this pattern, the locking front ring gear identical with lock-up clutch, the function of rear sun gear also can be realized.So this pattern, can as in lock-up clutch occur can not the fault of locking time, realize the backup of pure power generation mode.
In above 5 kinds of patterns, by combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state.This state is transformed on power supply by electrical generator and inverter by the power of combustion engine to store, and power supply can be battery or super capacitor.
So, as long as when both rear lock-up clutch and regime clutch have one to damage time, middle lock-up clutch still can realize latch functions, or time middle lock-up clutch damages, both rear lock-up clutch and regime clutch all ensure intact, by the one in 0011 or 0100 pattern, still pure charge mode can be realized.That is, described b1 pattern and described b5 pattern backup each other.
In addition, if mutually put upside down the position of the combustion engine in pure charge mode as power input element and the first motor as power stage element in power transimission process, the first motor also can be utilized to realize the startup of combustion engine.
C, internal combustion engine drive pattern:
Combustion engine 1 starts, and the first motor 2 does not work, and combustion engine 1 provides power driven car load to travel, and this pattern is divided into that the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drives, the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drives two kinds of patterns;
C1, the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drive pattern:
As shown in Figure 10, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: the disengagement of front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so front planet row just becomes a single reduction gear, reduction ratio is 1+k 1.Then lock-up clutch 8 also locking, so the rotor of the second motor can not rotate, energy can not transmit between the second motor and the rear sun gear of rear planet row, and rear planet row now also becomes a single-stage change-speed box, and speed ratio is (1+k 2)/k 2.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring.Now hybrid power system be input as the combustion engine 1 be connected in front sun wheel 14, export as rear gear ring and system output shaft.Concrete torque is closed: T out=k 3× k 2/ (1+k 2) × (1+k 1) × T e, be suitable for vehicle travel with the higher speed of a motor vehicle and car load propulsive effort demand is positioned at combustion engine efficient district time driving operating mode, avoid existing combined hybrid system problem when combustion engine directly drives, the problem includes: data-collection problem, to improve power system efficiency.
C2, the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drive pattern:
As shown in figure 11, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so front planet row just becomes a single reduction gear, reduction ratio is k 1.Now the second motor is in idling conditions under the control of inverter, and the rotating speed of idle running is the overall rotating speed of rear planet row (rear planet row now not speed change), i.e. n 2=1/ (1+k 1) × n e.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with the rotating speed identical with rear pinion carrier, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring.
Now hybrid power system be input as the combustion engine 1 be connected in front sun wheel 14, export as rear gear ring 7.Concrete torque is closed: T out=k 3× (1+k 1) × Te, be suitable for electrical source of power electricity inadequate time the low speed of a motor vehicle drive operating mode, rely on combustion engine Direct driver car load, this pattern directly can be driven by combustion engine, the power of combustion engine is made not distribute to the first motor, all be assigned to system output shaft, the problem that the electric power accounting that the most of power division eliminating existing planet combined hybrid system combustion engine when the low speed of a motor vehicle causes to the first motor is too high, effectively reduce dynamo-electric two times transfer to the impact of power system efficiency.
D, combination drive pattern:
In combination drive pattern, combustion engine 1 works, and the second motor 10 is in motoring condition, and by sun wheel planet row input power backward, the first 2, motor is selected to be in generating or electronic or off position as required, and this pattern is divided into following 5 kinds of patterns:
D1, serial mixed power pattern:
As shown in figure 12, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.Because middle lock-up clutch is locked, so front pinion carrier and rear pinion carrier all cannot be rotated, so the power transimission between front planet row and rear planet row is interrupted.So, front planet row and rear planet row can complete the generating of oneself or electronic work separately, second motor can completely according to vehicle travel need export most suitable rotating speed and moment of torsion, the needs that first motor then can run to optimum operation section according to diesel engine set best rotating speed and torque completes charging, do not disturb therebetween.Now, the hybrid power system of the present embodiment just becomes series connection type hybrid power system.
Power is inputted through front sun wheel by combustion engine, and the front satellite gear do not revolved round the sun through a rotation passes to front ring gear, and front ring gear drives the first electric power generation; And the second motor is by Driven by inverter, to rear sun gear input power, power is gear ring after satellite gear before only rotation is not revolved round the sun passes to, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring.Now the power input of system, just becomes combustion engine+the second motor, exports and just become electrical source of power+system output shaft.The Driving Torque of system is: T out=T mG2× k 3× k 2.
Especially, in city, traffic congestion situation is comparatively serious, so the mode that power actuated vehicle runs with the low speed of a motor vehicle is more.If cancel serial mixed power pattern, so combustion engine operates under lower rotating speed, and energy utilization rate is low.So serial mixed power pattern or necessary.In serial mixed power pattern, combustion engine can run with the rotating speed of the best, improve the degree of utilization of fuel oil, and due to the running power of combustion engine larger, also can rapidly the electric energy in battery be full of, decrease the time of run of combustion engine, the vibration reducing internal combustion engine is for the impact of car body and passenger inside the vehicle.And drive side, can be exported by the second motor completely.Especially when blocking up, vehicle stops and goes, even if when advancing, the speed of automobile is also lower, and windage is also less, acceleration/accel is also little, so required Driving Torque is also little, can be born by the second motor completely.
D2, combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled:
As shown in figure 13, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so the first motor cannot rotate, also do not have dynamic transmission between the first motor and front planet row, so the front ring gear in front pinion carrier does not turn, the transmission of power in front sun wheel is in front pinion carrier.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports.The now power input of system just becomes combustion engine+the second motor, exports and just becomes system output shaft.The Driving Torque of system is: T out=k 3× k 2/ (1+k 2) × (1+k 1) × Te.
In this mode, the power of combustion engine through front planet row single-stage speed reducing and after the rotating speed coupling of planet row, rotating speed there occurs larger change, goes for the occasion that torque needed for vehicle is larger.Be specially adapted in the low speed of a motor vehicle stage, speed of a motor vehicle change occasion comparatively frequently, such as bus enter the station departures time accelerate frequently, slow down.
D3, combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled:
As shown in figure 14, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so the first motor cannot rotate, also do not have dynamic transmission between the first motor and front planet row, so the front ring gear in front pinion carrier does not turn, the transmission of power in front sun wheel is in front pinion carrier.Because regime clutch engages, the later planet row of institute can only rotate with an overall form, and the power of the second motor just can output on rear planet row in the mode of torque coupling.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power torque that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports.Now the power input of system, just becomes combustion engine+the second motor, exports and just become system output shaft.The Driving Torque of system is: T out=k 3× [T mG2+ (1+k 1) × Te].
In this pattern, because rear planet row just plays the effect of torque coupling, and do not play the effect of deceleration, so the power of combustion engine just have passed through the deceleration effort of front planet row, now the speed of a motor vehicle of vehicle is higher.Go for the occasion that higher, the required torque of the speed of a motor vehicle of vehicle is larger in this manner.
D4, combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled:
As shown in figure 15, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.In this pattern, because all lock-ups clutch or regime clutch are all thrown off, so all motors all can to each planet row input power, all planet rows all realize rotating speed coupling function.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports.Now system be input as combustion engine and the first motor, the second motor, the output of system is system output shaft.The torque of system is: Tout=k 3× k 2/ (1+k 2) × (1+k 1) × T e.
In this mode, because forward and backward planet row all serves the effect of deceleration and rotating speed coupling, so, the power of combustion engine also have passed through and significantly slows down, so the speed of a motor vehicle is now lower, the power produced by combustion engine, the torque being delivered to system output shaft is just larger.Due in this pattern, owing to have passed through the deceleration of two-stage, the rotating speed of combustion engine can be in higher rotating speed, and combustion engine can be operated in the section of rotating speed and torque negative correlation.Due to the introducing of the speed of two motors, can when motor raising speed, such that the rotating speed of combustion engine declines, torque is risen.This situation goes for the occasion of the low speed of a motor vehicle, large torque, such as, startup after fully loaded vehicle stops in the process of going up a slope, and this pattern also can reduce the power stage of combustion engine in this stage, reduces the discharge of combustion engine when non-optimal operation by sections.
D5, combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled:
As shown in figure 16, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.In this pattern, cause except rear planet row unitary rotation except regime clutch engages, all lock-ups clutch are all thrown off, so all motors all can to each planet row input power, front planet row can realize the function of rotating speed coupling, and rear planet row can realize the function of torque coupling.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power torque that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports.Now system be input as combustion engine and the first motor, the second motor, the output of system is system output shaft.The torque of system, Tout=k 3× [T mG2+ (1+k 1) × T e].
In this mode, due to the effect that front planet row all serves the effect of deceleration and rotating speed coupling, rear planet row plays torque coupling, so, the power of combustion engine also have passed through deceleration, so the speed of a motor vehicle is now the middle speed of a motor vehicle, by the power that combustion engine produces, the torque being delivered to system output shaft is just larger.This situation goes for the occasion of the middle speed of a motor vehicle, large torque, such as fully loaded vehicle goes up a slope with the middle speed of a motor vehicle in the process of going up a slope, this pattern also can reduce and at the power stage in this stage, reduce the discharge of combustion engine when non-optimal operation by sections in order to realize combustion engine when identical gross horsepower exports.
E, power dividing output mode:
E1, the first motor charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
As shown in figure 17, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off.Due to rear lock-up clutch locking, so the second motor can not accept the energy of rear planet row, rear planet row now just becomes a single-stage speed increaser, by the power ascending, descending torque inputted by front ring gear, exports to rear sun gear, external gearing and system output shaft.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, transmission of power is given the first motor by front sun wheel driven rotary by front ring gear, and the first motor in the past planet row absorbs energy, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with the speed being greater than rear pinion carrier rotating speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export.
Now system be input as combustion engine, the output of system is system output shaft and the first motor.The Driving Torque of system is Tout=k 3× k 2/ (1+k 2) × (1+k 1) × T.
Time charging when parking can not meet the charging needs of electrical source of power completely, can this pattern be adopted, to supplement electrical source of power timely, make it reach the charge level of suitable motoring condition work.And, because front planet row is in the state of rotating speed coupling, so this pattern goes for being at vehicle the effect playing peak clipping in the operation of the high speed of a motor vehicle when reduction of speed.Particularly, when vehicle is in down speeding procedure, combustion engine is reduction of speed not, first motor is in generating state, and is charged to electrical source of power by inverter, in power generation process, increase rotating speed gradually, the power that first motor is absorbed increases gradually, be delivered to power and the rotating speed reduction gradually of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, thus reduce horsepower output and the output speed of rear planet row, until be reduced to the pattern of low speed of a motor vehicle operation.Otherwise, also may be used for the boosting velocity procedure of vehicle.
Such as, in city, vehicle is being in high speed of a motor vehicle driving process, need sail the lower region of the speed of a motor vehicle into or fall in the process of the speed of a motor vehicle near crossing, at this time, if the electricity of electrokinetic cell is not enough or still have the space of charging, just this pattern can be selected, on the one hand because combustion engine not reduction of speed, what combustion engine can be made comparatively to concentrate is operated in the slightly high section of rotating speed, improve the combustion efficiency of combustion engine, the electricity of electrical source of power can be supplemented in addition on the one hand timely, for may the energy ezpenditure deposit foot energy of the electric-only mode in low speed driving on the horizon or the air-conditioning in parking process or other electrical equipment.
E2, the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the first motor charging+combustion engine:
As shown in figure 18, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.Because regime clutch engages, the second motor idle running, the later planet row of institute now just becomes an entirety and rotates, and the power inputted by front ring gear is directly exported to rear pinion carrier.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, and transmission of power by front sun wheel driven rotary, and is given the first motor by front ring gear, first motor in the past planet row absorbs energy, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, and after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export.Now system be input as combustion engine, the output of system is rear pinion carrier and the first motor.The Driving Torque of system is T out=k 3× (1+k 1) × T e.
Time charging when parking can not meet the charging needs of electrical source of power completely, can this pattern be adopted, to supplement electrical source of power timely, make it reach the charge level of suitable motoring condition work.And, because front planet row is in the state of rotating speed coupling, so this pattern goes for when vehicle acceleration.Particularly, when vehicle is in accelerator, first improve the rotating speed corresponding to the paramount speed of a motor vehicle of internal-combustion engine rotational speed, first electric power generation is also charged to electrical source of power by inverter, and in power generation process, constantly reduce rotating speed, the power that first motor is absorbed reduces gradually, is delivered to power and the rotating speed increase gradually of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, thus increases horsepower output and the output speed of rear planet row.
E3, the second motor charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
As shown in figure 19, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so the first motor can not accept the energy of front planet row, and front ring gear can not rotate, and front planet row now just becomes a single reduction gear, by the dynamic retarding inputted by front sun wheel, rises torque, exports to rear planet row.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring and rear sun gear rotate; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter, and rear planet row is in rotating speed couple state, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports.Now system be input as combustion engine, the output of system is rear pinion carrier and the second motor.The Driving Torque of system is T out=k 3× k 2/ (1+k 2) × (1+k 1) × T e.
Time charging when parking can not meet the charging needs of electrical source of power completely, can this pattern be adopted, to supplement electrical source of power timely, make it reach the charge level of suitable motoring condition work.And, because front planet row is in the state of rotating speed coupling, so this pattern goes for when vehicle acceleration.Particularly, when vehicle is in accelerator, first improve the rotating speed corresponding to the paramount speed of a motor vehicle of internal-combustion engine rotational speed, second motor keeps generating, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, and constantly rotating speed is reduced in power generation process, the power that the second motor is absorbed reduces gradually, the power of rear planet row and rotating speed is delivered to by constant by front ring gear, thus the horsepower output of planet row and output speed after increasing.Otherwise, also can be used for the falling-rate period of vehicle.
Such as, in city, and even bus is difficult to the speed per hour directly reaching five or six ten kilometers higher, often loiter, the speed per hour of advancing also mainly rests on the speed per hour level of thirty or forty kilometer, at this time, if the electricity of electrokinetic cell is not enough, or still have charging surplus, just this pattern can be selected, combustion engine intensive work can be made on the one hand at the slightly high section of rotating speed, improve the combustion efficiency of combustion engine, the electricity of electrical source of power can be supplemented in addition on the one hand timely, for may the low speed of a motor vehicle on the horizon travel in electric-only mode or the energy ezpenditure deposit foot energy of air-conditioning in parking process or other electrical equipment.
E4, the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the second motor charging+combustion engine:
As shown in figure 20, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so the first motor can not accept the energy of front planet row, and front ring gear can not rotate, and front planet row now just becomes a single reduction gear, by the dynamic retarding inputted by front sun wheel, rises torque, exports to rear planet row.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical speed with rear sun gear; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter, and rear planet row is in torque coupling state, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports.Now system be input as combustion engine, the output of system is rear pinion carrier and the second motor.The Driving Torque of system is Tout=k 3× [(1+k 1) × Te-T mG2].
Time charging when parking can not meet the charging needs of electrical source of power completely, can this pattern be adopted, to supplement electrical source of power timely, make it reach the charge level of suitable motoring condition work.Particularly, when vehicle reduction of speed, second motor is in generating state, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, second motor increases the torque of absorption gradually, and it is constant to input to the torque of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, after the Driving Torque of planet row decline, the moment of torsion driving vehicle to advance declines, and the deceleration/decel of vehicle increases gradually.
Such as, in city, vehicle is being in high speed of a motor vehicle driving process, need sail the lower region of the speed of a motor vehicle into or fall in the process of the speed of a motor vehicle near crossing, at this time, if the electricity of electrokinetic cell is not enough or still have charging surplus, just this pattern can be selected, can raising second motor absorbed power gradually time torque, like this, the total torque that system external exports will reduce, so the strength driving automobile to advance will weaken gradually, the deceleration/decel of automobile will increase gradually, instead of increase suddenly, the uncomfortable sensation that passenger takes can be avoided, also the possibility that occupant's injury occurs can be reduced.Can supplement on the one hand the electricity of electrical source of power in addition timely, for may the low speed of a motor vehicle on the horizon travel in electric-only mode or the sufficient energy of energy ezpenditure deposit of air-conditioning in parking process or other electrical equipment.
F, Brake energy recovery pattern
Combustion engine 1 is closed, first motor 2 does not work, second motor 10 is in generating state, and the second motor 10 and the friction braking system of car load provide braking force to brake for car load, and this pattern is divided into low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery and high speed of a motor vehicle energy brake to reclaim two kinds of patterns:
F1, low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern:
As shown in figure 21, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.Now the output of hybrid power system is for being connected to the second motor 10 on rear sun gear, be input as system output shaft 11, the electric braking force inputted by the second motor is exported by rear sun gear, rear satellite gear, rear gear ring, external gearing and system output shaft successively, realizes braking energy recovering function; The power absorbed by braking is all transmitted and gives the second motor, and is generated electricity by inverter, is recovered in electrical source of power by electric energy.Concrete torque is closed: T out=k 3× k 2× T mG2, be suitable for the large torque braking of the low speed of a motor vehicle, effectively can utilize the braking potential of the second motor, fully reclaim braking energy, significantly improve the fuel economy of vehicle.
F2, high speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern:
As shown in figure 22, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.Now the first motor idle running, the torque on it is zero, although rear planet row has speed to be delivered on front planet row, power transimission is not on front planet row.Now the output of hybrid power system is for being connected to the second motor 10 on rear sun gear, be input as system output shaft 11, the electric braking force inputted by the second motor is exported by rear sun gear, rear satellite gear, rear pinion carrier, regime clutch, rear gear ring, external gearing and system output shaft successively, realizes braking energy recovering function; The power absorbed by braking is all transmitted and gives the second motor, and is generated electricity by inverter, is recovered in electrical source of power by electric energy.Concrete torque is closed: T out=k 3× T mG2, be suitable for the braking of the high speed of a motor vehicle, to the braking force of the second motor and speed demand when can reduce the high speed of a motor vehicle, reduce the demand to bearing range of speed in the volume of the second motor, cost and design.
G, the state that can not move:
If front lock-up clutch locking, the front sun wheel of so front planet row can not be moved, in front planet row, as long as engine rotation, just must by rotating through front pinion carrier, rear pinion carrier passes to rear planet row, once planet row is in the state that can not rotate now, so car load will be in the state that can not move.So 1011 in table 1,1101,1110,1111 patterns are all the states that can not move.
H, standby mode:
Except stated in e3 and e4, in the driving process of automobile, the second motor replaces the first motor to complete except charging work, in following pattern, the state that the first motor replaces the second motor to finish the work or the second motor replaces the first motor to finish the work can also be there is.
Such as, the second motor replaces the state of the first motor powered, specifically comprises:
H1, the first motor powered+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
As shown in figure 23, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off.Due to rear lock-up clutch locking, so the second motor can not accept the energy of rear planet row, rear planet row now just becomes a single-stage speed increaser, by the power raising speed inputted by front pinion carrier, falls torque, export to rear gear ring, and finally flow to system output shaft.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export.Now system be input as combustion engine and the first motor, the output of system is system output shaft.The Driving Torque of system is T out=k 3× k 2/ (1+k 2) × (1+k 1) × T e.
When the second motor breaks down, cannot electronic time, can this pattern be adopted, with the substituting of part " input of combustion engine+the second motor in parallel and the second motor speed coupling hybrid power " pattern.In such a mode, the power of combustion engine through front planet row single-stage speed reducing+rotating speed coupling and after the raising speed of planet row, rotating speed there occurs larger change, goes for the occasion that lower in the speed of a motor vehicle, the required torque of vehicle is larger.
The low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of h2, the first motor powered+combustion engine:
As shown in figure 24, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical rotating speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export.
Front planet row is now planet speed-change state.Now system be input as combustion engine and the first motor, the output of system is rear pinion carrier.The Driving Torque of system is Tout=k 3× (1+k 1) × T e.
When the second motor breaks down, cannot electronic time, can this pattern be adopted, with the substituting of part " input of combustion engine+the second motor in parallel and the second motor torque coupling hybrid power " pattern.In such a mode, the power of combustion engine through front planet row single-stage speed reducing and after the direct-drive of planet row, rotating speed there occurs certain change, goes for the occasion that more medium in the speed of a motor vehicle, the required torque of vehicle is larger.
H3, parking charge mode for subsequent use:
Such as, when the first motor damage, time the second motor replaces the first motor charging, except the driving charge mode of e3 pattern and e4 pattern, also have a kind of parking charge mode, specific works state is as follows:
As shown in figure 25, the state of each lock-up clutch and regime clutch is: front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off.Due to front lock-up clutch locking, so the first motor can not accept the energy of front planet row, and front pinion carrier can not rotate, and front planet row now just becomes a single reduction gear, by the dynamic retarding inputted by front sun wheel, rises torque, exports to rear planet row.During due to parking, can by wheel braking, so system output shaft and rear gear ring are equivalent to locked, rear gear ring cannot rotate, and rear planet row now also becomes a single-stage speed increaser.
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, and after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and rear pinion carrier drives rear sun gear to rotate; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter.
Now the input end of system is combustion engine, and output is the second motor.
In sum, the present embodiment have employed the power that middle lock-up clutch interrupts between front planet row and rear planet row and contacts, not only series connection type hybrid power system can be formed, to improve the operating efficiency of driving engine when the low speed of a motor vehicle of vehicle, otherwise, in order to tackle the state being in the low speed of a motor vehicle for a long time and advancing in prior art, just needing the capacity increasing battery, improving the manufacturing cost of vehicle.The power that during the present embodiment can also utilize, lock-up clutch cuts off between front planet row and rear planet row contacts, make vehicle can be in pure electronic or pure charge condition as required, improve the adaptive capacity of vehicle for different operating mode, decrease the time of run of combustion engine, improve the comfort level of vehicle ride.
And, because the present embodiment has above-mentioned various modes, damage for some parts has prepared sufficient alternative mode, thus improve the mode selection capability of hybrid power system when parts are damaged and the reliability of system, even if section components is damaged, the operating efficiency of system still significantly can not be reduced.Such as:
If middle lock-up clutch is damaged, so can select b5 pattern, planet row and front ring gear after pinning, under realizing dead ship condition, combustion engine is to the charging of the first motor; If the first motor is damaged, the charging that still can be realized under dead ship condition by h3 pattern, also can realize the charging under driving states by e3, e4 pattern; If the second motor is damaged, d2, d3 pattern cannot be realized, but motoring condition can be in by the first motor in h1, h2 pattern, realize parallel type hybrid dynamic operating mode.So, except almost employing the pattern of all energy conversion devices---the such all possible propulsion source of such as d4, d5 is all as pattern and the serial mixed power pattern of input, and the pattern that can only be completed by the second motor---outside electric-only mode, all common pattern, have the alternative mode for damage of components.So, even if some component malfunction, normally cannot work, hybrid power system so also can not be caused cannot to realize some basic function, improve the adaptibility to response of system for unit failure.
A kind of motor vehicle driven by mixed power with above-mentioned hybrid power system of the present invention, as shown in figure 26, the combustion engine of motor vehicle driven by mixed power is spark ignition engine, employ the hybrid power system shown in Fig. 1 ~ Figure 25, comprise combustion engine 1, by front sun wheel 15, the front planet row that front pinion carrier 14 and front ring gear 6 are formed, by rear sun gear 12, the rear planet row that rear pinion carrier 13 and rear gear ring 7 are formed, the front ring gear 6 of front planet row connects the first motor 2, the rear sun gear 12 of rear planet row connects the second motor 10, the mouth of described combustion engine 1 is connected with the front sun wheel 15 of front planet row, it is characterized in that, the front pinion carrier 14 of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier 13 of rear planet row, the rear gear ring 7 of described rear planet row is connected with system output shaft 11 by external gearing 18, described front ring gear 6 is connected with and carries out lock-up clutch 3 before locking or release to front ring gear 6, front pinion carrier 14 is connected with lock-up clutch 16 in front pinion carrier 14 locking or release, described rear sun gear 12 is connected with the rear lock-up clutch 8 rear sun gear 12 being carried out to locking or release, regime clutch 9 is provided with between described rear sun gear 12 and rear pinion carrier 13, the drive axle 17 of described system output shaft 11 connection hybrid power vehicle.
Below in conjunction with the various patterns described in embodiment, introduce the operation scheme of this vehicle:
First, when the hot car state before vehicle operating, just can adopt b1 charge mode, middle lock-up clutch locking, combustion engine rotates the energy produced when hot car, can be supplemented to electrical source of power by the first motor.
Then vehicle launch, can the low speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode of choice for use a2, because relate to start-up course, so torque is slightly large, by the second output power of motor, through falling rotating speed, rises the process of torque and carrys out Direct driver vehicle.When vehicle continues to accelerate, when running to fair speed, a1 high speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode can be opened, still drive vehicle by the second motor, but be through the direct-drive of rear planet row and the reduction of speed of external gear output unit, realize the higher speed of a motor vehicle.
If beginning starting apparatus combustion engine, owing to being provided with the higher speed of a motor vehicle, so lock-up clutch is discharged, jointly internal combustion engine start can be driven by the electric power of the kinetic energy of car load and the second motor, make the rotating speed of combustion engine quickly can reach best effort section, decrease and utilize separately the first driven by motor internal combustion engine start and the control program program that causes is complicated.Simultaneously, because in the prior art, the Anti-vibration Design of vehicle is in the high rotary speed movement stage mainly for combustion engine, this will cause vehicle isolation poor performance, passenger inside the vehicle when combustion engine is in the slow speed of revolution operation phase to feel under the weather, and high-speed starting combustion engine, the time span being in this one-phase can be reduced, exactly can alleviate this problem greatly, reduce the negative effect to passenger.
Simultaneously, after internal combustion engine start, e1 or e2 pattern can be selected, hybrid power system is in low/high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the first motor charging+combustion engine, first motor reduction rotating speed gradually, the output speed rising gradually of front planet row, to reach the speed of a motor vehicle state of suitable combustion engine Direct driver.Then internal combustion engine drive pattern is switched to.
If run into the higher speed of a motor vehicle, and time load is larger, d2 pattern can be used---combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled, such as, climbing when the high speed of a motor vehicle.Run into the higher speed of a motor vehicle, and load very large time, d4 pattern can be used---combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled, and allows all energy conversion devices all be in input acting state, the high speed of a motor vehicle climbing of such as at full load.
When need gradually the speed of a motor vehicle is fallen and time, e1 or e2 pattern can be started, diesel engine still can be made to be in higher rotating speed, to ensure the combustion efficiency of diesel engine.
In time entering the section comparatively blocked up in city, a2 pattern can be used---low speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode, because the acceleration under congestion status is also not too large, for making the moment of torsion needed for vehicle acceleration also not too large, electronicly can to deal with completely so the low speed of a motor vehicle is pure.If the stored energy of electrical source of power is not enough, d1 pattern can be used---serial mixed power pattern.
When vehicle gets lodged on overpass or upward slope road, when needing to start, if the power of the second motor is not sufficient to provide enough torques, so d3 pattern can be used---combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled.If the now load-carrying of vehicle is comparatively large or the gradient is steeper, need larger starting torque, so can adopt d5 pattern---combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled, and allows all energy conversion devices all be in input acting state.
If now vehicle is stifled on the way, and time other consumer needs electric energy, b1 pattern can be started---charge mode, to supplement the power supply of vehicle timely.
So, in the operation of vehicle, due to the variety of drive pattern, unless in the very large vehicle launch situation of torque, combustion engine can be made to be in the state of optimum speed section as much as possible, the work efficiency of combustion engine can be improved.
As shown in figure 27, a kind of hybrid power system of the present invention, can also be comprise combustion engine 1, by front sun wheel 15, the front planet row that front pinion carrier 14 and front ring gear 6 are formed, by rear sun gear 12, the rear planet row that rear pinion carrier 13 and rear gear ring 7 are formed, the mouth of described combustion engine 1 is connected with the front sun wheel 15 of front planet row, the front pinion carrier 14 of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier 13 of rear planet row, the front ring gear 6 of front planet row connects the first motor 2, described front ring gear 6 is connected with and carries out lock-up clutch 3 before locking or release to front ring gear 6, front ring gear can be locked on planetary transmission housing or be released and freely rotate under the effect of front lock-up clutch 3, front pinion carrier 14 is connected with lock-up clutch 16 in front pinion carrier 14 locking or release, , front pinion carrier can be locked on planetary transmission housing or be released and freely rotate under the effect of middle lock-up clutch 16.The rear gear ring 7 of rear planet row is connected with system output shaft 11, the motor shaft of the second motor 10 is hollow shaft, system output shaft 11 passes from the second motor 10, the rear sun gear 12 of rear planet row is connected with the second motor 10, described rear sun gear 12 is connected with the rear lock-up clutch 8 rear sun gear 12 being carried out to locking or release, is provided with regime clutch 9 between described rear sun gear 12 and rear pinion carrier 13.This regime clutch 9 in conjunction with time make after pinion carrier 13 link together with rear sun gear 12, and then rear planet row is integrally rotated, and after can making when being separated, gear ring 7, rear pinion carrier 13 and rear sun gear 12 rotate relatively freely.
A kind of motor vehicle driven by mixed power with hybrid power system of the present invention, can also be as shown in figure 28, hybrid power system, comprise combustion engine 1, by front sun wheel 15, the front planet row that front pinion carrier 14 and front ring gear 6 are formed, by rear sun gear 12, the rear planet row that rear pinion carrier 13 and rear gear ring 7 are formed, the mouth of described combustion engine 1 is connected with the front sun wheel 15 of front planet row, it is characterized in that, the front pinion carrier 14 of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier 13 of rear planet row, the front ring gear 6 of front planet row connects the first motor 2, described front ring gear 6 is connected with and carries out lock-up clutch 3 before locking or release to front ring gear 6, front pinion carrier 14 is connected with lock-up clutch 16 in front pinion carrier 14 locking or release, the rear gear ring 7 of rear planet row is connected with system output shaft 11, the motor shaft of the second motor 10 is hollow shaft, system output shaft 11 passes from the second motor 10, system output shaft is connected with drive axle 17, the rear sun gear 12 of rear planet row is connected with the second motor 10, described rear sun gear 12 is connected with the rear lock-up clutch 8 rear sun gear 12 being carried out to locking or release, regime clutch 9 is provided with between described rear sun gear 12 and rear pinion carrier 13.

Claims (10)

1. a hybrid power system, comprise combustion engine (1), include front sun wheel (15), the front planet row of front pinion carrier (14) and front ring gear (6), include rear sun gear (12), the rear planet row of rear pinion carrier (13) and rear gear ring (7), the front ring gear (6) of described front planet row connects the first motor (2), the rear sun gear (12) of described rear planet row connects the second motor (10), the mouth of described combustion engine (1) is connected with the front sun wheel (15) of described front planet row, it is characterized in that, the front pinion carrier (14) of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier (13) of described rear planet row, the rear gear ring (7) of described rear planet row is connected with system output shaft (11) by external gearing (18), described front ring gear (6) is connected with the front lock-up clutch (3) described front ring gear (6) being carried out to locking or release, described front pinion carrier (14) is connected with the middle lock-up clutch (16) to described front pinion carrier (14) locking or release, described rear sun gear (12) is connected with the rear lock-up clutch (8) described rear sun gear (12) being carried out to locking or release, regime clutch (9) is provided with between described rear sun gear (12) and described rear pinion carrier (13).
2. there is a motor vehicle driven by mixed power for a kind of hybrid power system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the drive axle (17) of system output shaft (11) the connection hybrid power vehicle of hybrid power system.
3. a driving method for the hybrid power system described in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, comprises following pattern:
A, electric-only mode:
Combustion engine is closed, and electrical source of power provides power driven car load to travel to the second motor, and this pattern is divided into the pure electronic two kinds of patterns of pure electronic, the high speed of a motor vehicle of the low speed of a motor vehicle:
A1, high speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
By power supply, other forms of energy is changed into electric energy, by Driven by inverter second motor, second motor utilizes electric energy to do work, drive rear sun gear rotates, rear gear ring, rear pinion carrier and rear sun gear rotate with rotating speed jointly, rear gear ring by outer gearing by transmission of power to system output shaft; Now the first motor is in idling conditions, and combustion engine does not turn, the inner side of satellite gear sun wheel revolution before static before the rotating speed of the first motor can make the rotation rotating speed of front satellite gear ensure just, and the fit inside of the outside of front satellite gear and front ring gear rotates;
A2, low speed of a motor vehicle electric-only mode:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Other forms of energy is changed into electric energy by power supply by energy, by Driven by inverter second motor, second motor utilizes electric energy to do work, drive rear sun gear rotates, the rear satellite gear that rear sun gear is not revolved round the sun by only rotation is by transmission of power to rear gear ring, and rear gear ring is successively by external gearing and system output shaft horsepower output;
B, pure charge mode:
In pure charge mode, the second motor does not operate, the rear gear ring of rear planet row, rear pinion carrier and the equal non rotating of rear sun gear, and power is only flowed to the first motor and inverter by combustion engine, and this pattern is divided into following pattern:
B1,0100 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off, regime clutch is thrown off; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B2,0101 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch engages; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B3,0110 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B4,0111 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch engage; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
B5,0011 pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch engage; By combustion engine to system input power, the first motor and front ring gear are driven by by sun wheel before ICE-powered, and front sun wheel is by transmission of power to front ring gear, and the first motor be connected with front ring gear is in generating state;
C, internal combustion engine drive pattern:
Internal combustion engine start, the first motor does not work, and combustion engine provides power driven car load to travel, and this pattern is divided into that the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drives, the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drives two kinds of patterns;
C1, the pure combustion engine of the high speed of a motor vehicle directly drive pattern:
The disengagement of front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring;
C2, the pure combustion engine of the low speed of a motor vehicle directly drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with the rotating speed identical with rear pinion carrier, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring;
D, combination drive pattern:
In combination drive pattern, internal combustion engine, the second motor is in motoring condition, and by sun wheel planet row input power backward, the first motor is then selected to be in generating or electronic or off position as required, and this pattern is divided into following 5 kinds of patterns:
D1, serial mixed power pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off; Power is inputted through front sun wheel by combustion engine, and the front satellite gear do not revolved round the sun through a rotation passes to front ring gear, and front ring gear drives the first electric power generation; And the second motor is by Driven by inverter, to rear sun gear input power, power is gear ring after satellite gear before only rotation is not revolved round the sun passes to, and power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports by rear gear ring;
D2, combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
D3, combustion engine+the second motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power torque that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
D4, combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor speed is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
D5, combustion engine+the second motor+the first motor input parallel connection is hybrid mode and the second motor torque is coupled:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; Simultaneously, Driven by inverter second motor rotates, second motor is through rear sun gear planet row input energy backward, and the power torque that the power of the second motor and front pinion carrier input is coupled by rear planet row, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
E, power dividing output mode:
E1, the first motor charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off; Due to rear lock-up clutch locking, so the second motor can not accept the energy of rear planet row, rear planet row now just becomes a single-stage speed increaser, by the power ascending, descending torque inputted by front ring gear, exports to rear sun gear, external gearing and system output shaft;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, transmission of power is given the first motor by front sun wheel driven rotary by front ring gear, and the first motor in the past planet row absorbs energy, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with the speed being greater than rear pinion carrier rotating speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
E2, the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the first motor charging+combustion engine:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, and transmission of power by front sun wheel driven rotary, and is given the first motor by front ring gear, first motor in the past planet row absorbs energy, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, and after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
E3, the second motor charging+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, and after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring and rear sun gear rotate; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter, and rear planet row is in rotating speed couple state, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
E4, the low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of the second motor charging+combustion engine:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, after front pinion carrier drives, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical speed with rear sun gear; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter, and rear planet row is in torque coupling state, by rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing and exports;
F, Brake energy recovery pattern
Combustion engine is closed, and the first motor does not work, and the second motor is in generating state, and the friction braking system of the second motor and car load provides braking force to brake for car load, and this pattern is divided into low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery and high speed of a motor vehicle energy brake to reclaim two kinds of patterns:
F1, low speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, middle lock-up clutch locking, rear lock-up clutch are thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off; The electric braking force inputted by the second motor is exported by rear sun gear, rear satellite gear, rear gear ring, external gearing and system output shaft successively, realizes braking energy recovering function; The power absorbed by braking is all transmitted and gives the second motor, and is generated electricity by inverter, is recovered to by electric energy in electrical source of power;
F2, high speed of a motor vehicle Brake energy recovery pattern:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages; Now the first motor idle running, the electric braking force inputted by the second motor is exported by rear sun gear, rear satellite gear, rear pinion carrier, regime clutch, rear gear ring, external gearing and system output shaft successively, realizes braking energy recovering function; The power absorbed by braking is all transmitted and gives the second motor, and is generated electricity by inverter, is recovered to by electric energy in electrical source of power;
H, standby mode:
H1, the first motor powered+combustion engine high speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern:
Front lock-up clutch disengagement, the disengagement of middle lock-up clutch, rear lock-up clutch locking and regime clutch are thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, and front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, and the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, and the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
The low speed of a motor vehicle drive pattern of h2, the first motor powered+combustion engine:
Front lock-up clutch is thrown off, middle lock-up clutch is thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch engages;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, simultaneously, Driven by inverter first motor rotates, first motor is through front ring gear planet row input energy forward, the power rotating speed that the power of the first motor and front sun wheel input is coupled by front planet row, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and after rear pinion carrier drives, gear ring rotates with identical rotating speed; By rear gear ring, power is passed to system output shaft through external gearing to export;
H3, parking charge mode for subsequent use:
Front lock-up clutch locking, middle lock-up clutch are thrown off, rear lock-up clutch is thrown off and regime clutch is thrown off;
Power is input in front sun wheel by combustion engine, and before front sun wheel drives, satellite gear and front pinion carrier rotate, and front satellite gear is revolution+rotation, front pinion carrier is rotation, the power of front planet row exports backward through front pinion carrier, and after driving, pinion carrier rotates, and rear pinion carrier drives rear sun gear to rotate; Transmission of power is given the second motor by rear sun gear, and the second electric power generation sends electric energy to inverter.
4. the driving method of hybrid power system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described b1 pattern and described b5 pattern backup each other.
5. the driving method of hybrid power system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, under e1 pattern, when vehicle is in down speeding procedure, combustion engine is reduction of speed not, first motor is in generating state, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, rotating speed is increased gradually in power generation process, the power that first motor absorbs increases gradually, be delivered to power and the rotating speed reduction gradually of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, reduce horsepower output and the output speed of rear planet row, until be reduced to the pattern of low speed of a motor vehicle operation.
6. the driving method of hybrid power system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, under e2 pattern, when vehicle is in accelerator, first improve the rotating speed corresponding to the paramount speed of a motor vehicle of internal-combustion engine rotational speed, first electric power generation is also charged to electrical source of power by inverter, and in power generation process, constantly reduce rotating speed, the power that first motor is absorbed reduces gradually, be delivered to power and the rotating speed increase gradually of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, thus increase horsepower output and the output speed of rear planet row.
7. the driving method of hybrid power system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, under e3 pattern, when vehicle is in accelerator, first improve the rotating speed corresponding to the paramount speed of a motor vehicle of internal-combustion engine rotational speed, second motor keeps generating, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, and in power generation process, constantly reduce rotating speed, the power that second motor absorbs reduces gradually, and be delivered to the power of rear planet row and rotating speed by constant by front ring gear, the horsepower output of planet row and output speed after increasing.
8. the driving method of hybrid power system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, under e4 pattern, when vehicle reduction of speed, the second motor is in generating state, and charged to electrical source of power by inverter, second motor increases the torque of absorption gradually, and it is constant to input to the torque of rear planet row by front pinion carrier, and the Driving Torque of rear planet row declines, the moment of torsion driving vehicle to advance declines, and the deceleration/decel of vehicle increases gradually.
9. a hybrid power system, comprise combustion engine (1), include front sun wheel (15), the front planet row of front pinion carrier (14) and front ring gear (6), include rear sun gear (12), the rear planet row of rear pinion carrier (13) and rear gear ring (7), the mouth of described combustion engine (1) is connected with the front sun wheel (15) of front planet row, it is characterized in that, the front pinion carrier (14) of described front planet row is connected with the rear pinion carrier (13) of rear planet row, the front ring gear (6) of front planet row connects the first motor (2), described front ring gear (6) is connected with the front lock-up clutch (3) front ring gear (6) being carried out to locking or release, front pinion carrier (14) is connected with the middle lock-up clutch (16) to front pinion carrier (14) locking or release, the rear gear ring (7) of rear planet row is connected with system output shaft (11), the motor shaft of the second motor (10) is hollow shaft, system output shaft (11) passes from the second motor (10), the rear sun gear (12) of rear planet row is connected with the second motor (10), described rear sun gear (12) is connected with the rear lock-up clutch (8) rear sun gear (12) being carried out to locking or release, regime clutch (9) is provided with between described rear sun gear (12) and rear pinion carrier (13).
10. there is a motor vehicle driven by mixed power for hybrid power system according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, the drive axle (17) of system output shaft (11) the connection hybrid power vehicle of hybrid power system.
CN201510374867.8A 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 A kind of hybrid power system and the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method for having the system Active CN104875598B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510374867.8A CN104875598B (en) 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 A kind of hybrid power system and the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method for having the system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510374867.8A CN104875598B (en) 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 A kind of hybrid power system and the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method for having the system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104875598A true CN104875598A (en) 2015-09-02
CN104875598B CN104875598B (en) 2017-11-21

Family

ID=53943370

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510374867.8A Active CN104875598B (en) 2015-06-30 2015-06-30 A kind of hybrid power system and the motor vehicle driven by mixed power and driving method for having the system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104875598B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107225962A (en) * 2016-03-24 2017-10-03 大众汽车有限公司 Method for running the drive device for hybrid motor vehicle
CN108839551A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-20 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Hybrid power system and control method
CN112440719A (en) * 2019-08-30 2021-03-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 Hybrid power device and vehicle

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050049100A1 (en) * 2003-08-26 2005-03-03 Xiaolan Ai Method and apparatus for power flow management in electro-mechanical transmissions
CN102189921A (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-21 爱信艾达株式会社 Hybrid drive device
CN102795093A (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-11-28 上海华普汽车有限公司 Hybrid power transmission device and hybrid power automobile
CN102815196A (en) * 2011-06-09 2012-12-12 现代自动车株式会社 Power transmission system of hybrid electric vehicle
CN103112346A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-05-22 吉林大学 Double-planet row type oil and electricity series-parallel type hybrid power system
CN204774600U (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-11-18 天津清源电动车辆有限责任公司 Hybrid power system and hybrid vehicle who has this system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050049100A1 (en) * 2003-08-26 2005-03-03 Xiaolan Ai Method and apparatus for power flow management in electro-mechanical transmissions
CN102189921A (en) * 2010-03-09 2011-09-21 爱信艾达株式会社 Hybrid drive device
CN102795093A (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-11-28 上海华普汽车有限公司 Hybrid power transmission device and hybrid power automobile
CN102815196A (en) * 2011-06-09 2012-12-12 现代自动车株式会社 Power transmission system of hybrid electric vehicle
CN103112346A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-05-22 吉林大学 Double-planet row type oil and electricity series-parallel type hybrid power system
CN204774600U (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-11-18 天津清源电动车辆有限责任公司 Hybrid power system and hybrid vehicle who has this system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107225962A (en) * 2016-03-24 2017-10-03 大众汽车有限公司 Method for running the drive device for hybrid motor vehicle
CN108839551A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-20 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Hybrid power system and control method
CN108839551B (en) * 2018-06-28 2020-05-08 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Hybrid power system and control method
CN112440719A (en) * 2019-08-30 2021-03-05 比亚迪股份有限公司 Hybrid power device and vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104875598B (en) 2017-11-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102085795B (en) Hybrid driving system of vehicle clutch and power coupling synchronizer combined gear shift
US7963874B2 (en) Dual mode EVT with input split reverse mode
CN104924889B (en) A kind of hybrid power system and motor vehicle driven by mixed power and hybrid driving method
CN201736790U (en) Actuating device for hybrid electric vehicle
CN103057395B (en) Hybrid gearbox
CN104786818A (en) Hybrid electric vehicle series-parallel type double-planetary-gear-train dynamic coupling device and method
CN102259584A (en) Hybrid power driven system and vehicle comprising same
CN104890496B (en) Hybrid power system and motor vehicle driven by mixed power and hybrid driving method
CN201753013U (en) Hybrid power drive system and vehicle comprising same
CN102259580B (en) Hybrid power transmission system
CN101152837B (en) Driving device of hybrid vehicle
CN107160994B (en) Hybrid electronic stepless driving system and automobile
CN104875598A (en) Hybrid power system, hybrid power vehicle with same and driving method
KR100862435B1 (en) A dual mode transmission apparatus for a hybrid electric vehicle
CN204774601U (en) Hybrid power system and hybrid vehicle who has this system
CN204774599U (en) Hybrid power system and hybrid vehicle
CN106976390A (en) A kind of planet series parallel type bimodulus drive system of hybrid power vehicle
CN204774600U (en) Hybrid power system and hybrid vehicle who has this system
CN204774602U (en) Hybrid power system and hybrid vehicle
CN104924890A (en) Hybrid power system, hybrid power vehicle with hybrid power system, and driving method
CN209666815U (en) Hybrid electric drive system and vehicle
CN102897016A (en) Drive transmission and control system of double-clutch variable-speed four-wheel driven hybrid power vehicle
CN111497592A (en) Novel hybrid power system and driving method thereof
CN201002506Y (en) Power coupling device for hybrid power automobile
CN205381136U (en) New forms of energy power assembly system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
EXSB Decision made by sipo to initiate substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant