CN104874490B - A kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge - Google Patents

A kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104874490B
CN104874490B CN201510306183.4A CN201510306183A CN104874490B CN 104874490 B CN104874490 B CN 104874490B CN 201510306183 A CN201510306183 A CN 201510306183A CN 104874490 B CN104874490 B CN 104874490B
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China
Prior art keywords
scraper
rotary drum
shaft
cylinder
liquid
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CN201510306183.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104874490A (en
Inventor
顾根生
许关红
高锐
陈洪
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江苏赛德力制药机械制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201510306183.4A priority Critical patent/CN104874490B/en
Publication of CN104874490A publication Critical patent/CN104874490A/en
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Publication of CN104874490B publication Critical patent/CN104874490B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge, including following operating procedure:1), before centrifuge charging, cylinder starts, and air cylinder driven lifting shaft simultaneously drives closed cap to move, and the endoporus of rotary drum bottom small end is closed by closed cap, and mair motor drives mainshaft driven band wheel drive rotary drum and closed cap rotation;2) when, centrifuge feeds, mixed material is added in rotary drum, under the influence of centrifugal force, solid-liquid is layered, and liquid is aspirated away;3), scraper, rotary drum reduce rotating speed, are rotated with relatively low rotating speed, start scraper oil cylinder, the solid on rotatory drum wall is scraped by scraper the bottom of rotary drum;4), it is beaten;5), beating terminates, and paddle and scraper is risen, rotating speed raising speed, carries out separation of solid and liquid again, aspirates away liquid again by liquid pipe is skimmed;6), discharging.Present configuration is simple, and it is multi-functional to integrate separation, beating, discharging etc., reduces operation, and process route is compact, improves production efficiency.

Description

A kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge
Technical field
The invention belongs to centrifuge field, more particularly to a kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge.
Background technology
Centrifuge is a kind of equipment for being widely used in the industries such as chemical industry, pharmacy and carrying out separation of solid and liquid, in a lot of techniques Need to scrape for the first time centrifuge the material for chipping away solvent carry out being thoroughly mixed, wash after carry out second point again From.Generally, the material that unloading under scraper centrifuge is got off by scraper blades scrape after separating is from the material-dropping hole of bottom of the drum Need to enter after discharge and be beaten in other tank, after the completion of beating, enter back in centrifuge and separated, device requirement is relatively Many, process route is long, and operation is many, and input cost is high.
Content of the invention
The invention aims to solving above-mentioned technical problem.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:A kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge, including support, support Top is connected with cover by casing, and casing internal is provided with rotary drum, is provided with motor cabinet, is provided with motor cabinet on the right side of support Mair motor, it is characterised in that:The middle part of described rotary drum is provided with closed cap, and closed cap top is conical section, closed cap bottom For cylindrical section, the cylindrical section outer ring of closed cap is provided with sealing ring the inner hole with rotary drum bottom small end;Support bottom four Angle is all connected by damp type damper and support, and the center in the hole of support is provided with receiving hopper, and the lower section of receiving hopper is provided with Discharge bucket, receiving hopper be provided centrally with bearing block, bearing block is disposed with bearing, main shaft, lifting shaft from outside to inside;Main shaft Lower end is provided with mainshaft driven belt wheel, and the driving pulley on main motor output shaft connects mainshaft driven belt wheel by belt;Main shaft Driven pulley is internally provided with cylinder, and the output end of cylinder is connected with the bottom of lifting shaft, and the bottom of cylinder is provided with rotation and connects Head, the top of lifting shaft are connected with the top of closed cap;On the left of cover, top is provided with beating apparatus, and on the right side of cover, top is arranged The left side for having scraper oil cylinder, cover upper blade oil cylinder is provided with tracheae;Scraper is provided with the external part of scraper oil cylinder, scraper Lower section is provided with nozzle, is connected with flexible pipe between nozzle and tracheae, and nozzle, scraper are all in rotary drum inner right side and towards rotary drum Inwall;Described beating apparatus include base, motor, are provided with driving pulley on the output shaft of motor, and driving pulley passes through skin Band is connected with driven pulley, and the left side of base is provided with outer cylinder body, and the right side of base is provided with oil cylinder, the piston rod top of oil cylinder It is provided with connecting rod;The left side of outer cylinder body is fixed with motor, sets between the small end outer ring of the end cap at outer cylinder body top and driven pulley Seal is equipped with, outer cylinder body is internally provided with rotary shaft, rotary shaft is connected with the endoporus of outer cylinder body by bearing A, outside rotary shaft The upper end of circle is connected with movable belt pulley by key, and interior of rotating shaft is provided with shaft, and the top of shaft is by bearing B and connecting rod Connection, the lower end of shaft are provided with paddle, and paddle is located at rotary drum inside left.
Filter bores are not provided with the inwall of described rotary drum.
Described rotating shaft endoporus top is provided with internal spline, and the cylindrical epimere of shaft is provided with external splines.
Including following operating procedure:
1), before centrifuge charging, cylinder starts, and air cylinder driven lifting shaft simultaneously drives closed cap to move, and closed cap is by rotary drum The endoporus closing of bottom small end, mair motor drive mainshaft driven band wheel drive rotary drum and closed cap rotation, reach feed rotation;
2) when, centrifuge feeds, mixed material is added in rotary drum, under the influence of centrifugal force, solid-liquid is layered, and liquid phase is led to Cross slash liquid pipe to aspirate away liquid;
3), scraper, rotary drum reduce rotating speed, are rotated with relatively low rotating speed, start scraper oil cylinder, by scraper by rotatory drum wall Solid scrape the bottom of rotary drum;
4), it is beaten, beating liquid is added, starts motor, driving pulley is rotated by belt drive driven pulley, driven pulley Shaft is driven to turn in outer cylinder body inward turning by rotary shaft, installed in the paddle also synchronous rotary therewith of shaft lower end;Open Dynamic oil cylinder, the piston rod of oil cylinder drive shaft to make descending motion while rotation by connecting rod, and the external splines of shaft exists Slide downward on the internal spline of rotating shaft, hydraulic oil cylinder driving paddle drop in feed liquid, and under the drive of motor, shaft drives and stirs Oar high-speed rotation stirring is mixed, while in order to strengthen beating resultses scraper also in feed liquid, the gas of high pressure is passed through from tracheae Spray from nozzle so that feed liquid is sufficiently mixed;
5), beating terminates, and paddle and scraper is risen, rotating speed raising speed, carries out separation of solid and liquid again, again by slash liquid Liquid is aspirated away by pipe;
6), discharging, starts cylinder and closed cap is moved upwards so that the material-dropping hole of rotary drum is opened wide, and rotary drum reduces rotating speed, opens Dynamic scraper oil cylinder is scraped the solid on rotatory drum wall in the material-dropping hole of rotary drum by scraper, and from outside discharge bucket discharge machine.
Present configuration is simple, integrates that separations, beating, discharging etc. are multi-functional, need not other beating mixing apparatus, Easy to operate, operation is reduced, process route is compact, improves production efficiency, and popularization and application have good economy and society Benefit.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the beating apparatus structural representation of the present invention
In figure:1. beating apparatus;2. rotary drum;3. casing;4. main shaft;5. closed cap;6. lifting shaft;7. bearing block;8. machine Seat;9. damping shock absorber;10. support;11. discharge buckets;12. cylinders;13. mainshaft driven belt wheels;14. mair motor;15. nozzles; 16. scrapers;17. covers;18. scraper oil cylinders;19. tracheaes;101. base;102. outer cylinder body;103. rotary shaft;104. stirring Axle;105. motor;106. driving pulley;107. belt;108. driven pulley;109. bearing A;110. bearing B;111. connecting rod; 112. oil cylinder;113. paddle.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but not as limitation of the present invention:
A kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge, including support 8,8 top of support is connected with cover 17 by casing 3 Connect, casing 3 is internally provided with rotary drum 2,8 right side of support is provided with motor cabinet, is provided with mair motor 14 on motor cabinet, and described turns The middle part of drum 2 is provided with closed cap 5, and 5 top of closed cap is conical section, and 5 bottom of closed cap is cylindrical section, the cylinder of closed cap 5 Section outer ring is provided with sealing ring the inner hole with 2 bottom small end of rotary drum;8 bottom corner of support all passes through damp type damper 9 and support 10 connect, the center in the hole of support 8 is provided with receiving hopper, and the lower section of receiving hopper is provided with discharge bucket 11, receiving hopper Bearing block 7 is provided centrally with, bearing block 7 is disposed with bearing, main shaft 4, lifting shaft 6 from outside to inside;4 lower end of main shaft is provided with Mainshaft driven belt wheel 13, the driving pulley on 14 output shaft of mair motor connect mainshaft driven belt wheel 13 by belt;Mainshaft driven Belt wheel 13 is internally provided with cylinder 12, and the output end of cylinder 12 is connected with the bottom of lifting shaft 6, and the bottom of cylinder 12 is provided with rotation Adapter, the top of lifting shaft 6 are connected with the top of closed cap 5;17 left side top of cover is provided with beating apparatus 1, cover 17 Right side top is provided with scraper oil cylinder 18, and the left side of 17 upper blade oil cylinder 18 of cover is provided with tracheae 19;The stretching of scraper oil cylinder 18 Going out on end and scraper 16 being provided with, the lower section of scraper 16 is provided with nozzle 15, flexible pipe, nozzle is connected between nozzle 15 and tracheae 19 15th, scraper 16 is all in 2 inner right side of rotary drum and the inwall towards rotary drum 2;Described beating apparatus 1 include base 101, motor 105, driving pulley 106 is provided with the output shaft of motor 105, driving pulley 106 is connected with driven pulley 108 by belt 107 Connect, the left side of base 101 is provided with outer cylinder body 102, and the right side of base 101 is provided with oil cylinder 112, the piston masthead of oil cylinder 112 End is provided with connecting rod 111;The left side of outer cylinder body 102 is fixed with motor 105, the end cap at 102 top of outer cylinder body and driven pulley 108 Small end outer ring between be provided with seal, outer cylinder body 102 is internally provided with rotary shaft 103, rotary shaft 103 pass through bearing A109 It is connected with the endoporus of outer cylinder body 102, the upper end of 103 outer ring of rotary shaft is connected with driven pulley 108 by key, in rotary shaft 103 Portion is provided with shaft 104, and the top of shaft 104 is connected with connecting rod 111 by bearing B110, and the lower end of shaft 104 sets Paddle 113 is equipped with, paddle 113 is located at 2 inside left of rotary drum;Filter bores are not provided with the inwall of described rotary drum 2;Described 103 endoporus top of rotating shaft be provided with internal spline, the cylindrical epimere of shaft 104 is provided with external splines.
When being embodied as, operating procedure is as follows:1), before centrifuge charging, cylinder 12 starts, and cylinder 12 drives lifting shaft 6 And driving closed cap 5 to move, the endoporus of 2 bottom small end of rotary drum is closed by closed cap 5, and mair motor 14 drives mainshaft driven belt wheel 13 Drive rotary drum 2 and closed cap 5 to rotate, reach feed rotation;2), when, centrifuge feeds, mixed material is added in rotary drum 2, In the presence of centrifugal force, solid-liquid is layered, and liquid is aspirated away by liquid phase by skimming liquid pipe;3), scraper, rotary drum 2 reduce rotating speed, with Relatively low rotating speed rotation, is started scraper oil cylinder 18, the solid on 2 wall of rotary drum is scraped by scraper 16 bottom of rotary drum 2; 4), it is beaten, beating liquid is added, starts motor 105, driving pulley 106 drives driven pulley 108 to rotate by belt 107, driven Belt wheel 108 drives shaft 104 to rotate in outer cylinder body 102 by rotary shaft 103, installed in the stirring of 104 lower end of shaft The also synchronous rotary therewith of oar 113;Start oil cylinder 112, the piston rod of oil cylinder 112 drives shaft 104 in rotation by connecting rod 111 While make descending motion, the external splines of shaft 104 slide downward on the internal spline of rotating shaft 103, oil cylinder 112 drive stirring Oar 113 drops in feed liquid, and under the drive of motor 105, shaft 104 drives 113 high-speed rotation of paddle stirring, while being Also in feed liquid, the gas for being passed through high pressure from tracheae 19 sprays from nozzle 15 reinforcement beating resultses scraper 16 so that Feed liquid is sufficiently mixed;5), beating terminates, and paddle 113 and scraper 16 is risen, rotating speed raising speed, carries out separation of solid and liquid again, with Liquid is aspirated away by sample by skimming liquid pipe;6), discharging, starts cylinder 12 and closed cap 5 is moved upwards so that the falling of rotary drum 2 Material hole is opened wide, and rotary drum 2 reduces rotating speed, starts scraper oil cylinder 18, by scraper 16, the solid on 2 wall of rotary drum is scraped rotary drum 2 In material-dropping hole, and from outside 11 discharge machine of discharge bucket.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only intended to clearly illustrate example of the present invention, and not to embodiment Limit.For those of ordinary skill in the field, other multi-forms can also be made on the basis of the above description Change or variation, there is no need to be exhaustive to all of embodiment, and thus amplified out apparent Change or change still in protection scope of the present invention among.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge, including support (8), passes through casing (3) and cover above support (8) (17) connect, casing (3) is internally provided with rotary drum (2), and support is provided with motor cabinet on the right side of (8), is provided with main electricity on motor cabinet Machine (14), it is characterised in that:The middle part of described rotary drum (2) is provided with closed cap (5), and closed cap (5) top is conical section, closes It is cylindrical section to close cover (5) bottom, and the cylindrical section outer ring of closed cap (5) is provided with sealing ring interior with rotary drum (2) bottom small end Hole coordinates;Support (8) bottom corner is all connected by damp type damper (9) and support (10), and the center in the hole of support (8) sets Be equipped with receiving hopper, the lower section of receiving hopper is provided with discharge bucket (11), receiving hopper be provided centrally with bearing block (7), bearing block (7) Bearing, main shaft (4), lifting shaft (6) are disposed with from outside to inside;Main shaft (4) lower end is provided with mainshaft driven belt wheel (13), main Driving pulley on motor (14) output shaft connects mainshaft driven belt wheel (13) by belt;Set inside mainshaft driven belt wheel (13) Cylinder (12) is equipped with, the output end of cylinder (12) is connected with the bottom of lifting shaft (6), and the bottom of cylinder (12) is provided with rotation and connects Head, the top of lifting shaft (6) are connected with the top of closed cap (5);On the left of cover (17), top is provided with beating apparatus (1), machine On the right side of lid (17), top is provided with scraper oil cylinder (18), and the left side of cover (17) upper blade oil cylinder (18) is provided with tracheae (19); Be provided with scraper (16) on the external part of scraper oil cylinder (18), the lower section of scraper (16) is provided with nozzle (15), nozzle (15) with Flexible pipe is connected between tracheae (19), and nozzle (15), scraper (16) are all in rotary drum (2) inner right side and towards the interior of rotary drum (2) Wall;Described beating apparatus (1) include base (101), motor (105), are provided with driving pulley on the output shaft of motor (105) (106), driving pulley (106) is connected with driven pulley (108) by belt (107), and the left side of base (101) is provided with outer tube Body (102), the right side of base (101) are provided with oil cylinder (112), and the piston rod top of oil cylinder (112) is provided with connecting rod (111); The left side of outer cylinder body (102) is fixed with motor (105), outside the small end of the end cap at outer cylinder body (102) top and driven pulley (108) Seal is provided between circle, outer cylinder body (102) is internally provided with rotary shaft (103), rotary shaft (103) passes through bearing A (109) It is connected with the endoporus of outer cylinder body (102), the upper end of rotary shaft (103) outer ring is connected with driven pulley (108) by key, rotary shaft (103) shaft (104) is internally provided with, and the top of shaft (104) is connected with connecting rod (111) by bearing B (110), stirs The lower end for mixing axle (104) is provided with paddle (113), and paddle (113) is located at rotary drum (2) inside left.
2. a kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described rotary drum (2) on inwall, filter bores are not provided with.
3. a kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described rotating shaft (103) endoporus top is provided with internal spline, and the cylindrical epimere of shaft (104) is provided with external splines.
4. a kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Including following behaviour Make step:
1), before centrifuge charging, cylinder (12) starts, and cylinder (12) drives lifting shaft (6) and drives closed cap (5) to move, and closes Close cover (5) to close the endoporus of rotary drum (2) bottom small end, mair motor (14) drives mainshaft driven belt wheel (13) to drive rotary drum (2) Rotate with closed cap (5), reach feed rotation;
2) when, centrifuge feeds, mixed material is added in rotary drum (2), under the influence of centrifugal force, solid-liquid is layered, and liquid phase is led to Cross slash liquid pipe to aspirate away liquid;
3), scraper, rotary drum (2) reduce rotating speed, are rotated with relatively low rotating speed, start scraper oil cylinder (18), will by scraper (16) Solid on rotary drum (2) wall scrapes the bottom of rotary drum (2);
4), it is beaten, beating liquid is added, starts motor (105), driving pulley (106) drives driven pulley by belt (107) (108) rotate, driven pulley (108) drives shaft (104) to rotate in outer cylinder body (102) by rotary shaft (103), installs Paddle (113) also synchronous rotary therewith in shaft (104) lower end;Start oil cylinder (112), the piston rod of oil cylinder (112) Shaft (104) is driven to make descending motion while rotation by connecting rod (111), the external splines of shaft (104) is in rotating shaft (103) slide downward on internal spline, oil cylinder (112) drive paddle (113) to drop in feed liquid, in the band of motor (105) Under dynamic, shaft (104) drives paddle (113) high-speed rotation stirring, while also entering to strengthen beating resultses scraper (16) Enter in feed liquid, the gas for being passed through high pressure from tracheae 19 is sprayed from nozzle (15) so that feed liquid is sufficiently mixed;
5), beating terminates, and paddle (113) and scraper (16) is risen, rotating speed raising speed, carries out separation of solid and liquid again, same logical Cross slash liquid pipe to aspirate away liquid;
6), discharging, starts cylinder (12) and closed cap (5) is moved upwards so that the material-dropping hole of rotary drum (2) is opened wide, and rotary drum (2) drops The slow-speed of revolution, starts the material-dropping hole that the solid on rotary drum (2) wall is scraped scraper oil cylinder (18) rotary drum (2) by scraper (16) In, and from outside discharge bucket (11) discharge machine.
CN201510306183.4A 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 A kind of vertical settling type unloading under scraper centrifuge CN104874490B (en)

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CN106040446B (en) * 2016-08-05 2019-10-18 蚌埠精工制药机械有限公司 A kind of built-in cylinder assembly of centrifuge
CN107225051A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-10-03 安徽普源分离机械制造有限公司 A kind of monosodium glutamate centrifugal separation equipment of anti-solid phase residual
CN110496712A (en) * 2019-10-17 2019-11-26 张嗣远 A kind of vertical scraper center discharging and filtering centrifuge

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JP2003080113A (en) * 2001-09-10 2003-03-18 Niigata Uoshinton Kk Vertically standing decanter-like centrifuge
CN2593911Y (en) * 2002-12-13 2003-12-24 黄晓军 Vertical scraper discharging centrifuge with liftable rotary cover
CN101972715B (en) * 2010-10-27 2012-04-25 江苏牡丹离心机制造有限公司 Distributing and discharging device for centrifuge
CN202427558U (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-09-12 王洪举 Differential stirring and centrifugal purifying separator
CN203030215U (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-07-03 张勇敢 Separating and stirring all-in-one machine
CN203030402U (en) * 2012-12-05 2013-07-03 江苏赛德力制药机械制造有限公司 Filter-bag oscillation blanking and discharging centrifugal machine
CN204159456U (en) * 2014-08-28 2015-02-18 洛阳市冠奇工贸有限责任公司 A kind of centrifugal purifier of automatic batch mixing
CN104624394A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-20 江苏牡丹离心机制造有限公司 Vertical type flat plate sedimentation centrifuge with automatic discharge function

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