CN104871800A - Cultivation method of cape jasmines - Google Patents

Cultivation method of cape jasmines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104871800A
CN104871800A CN201510331024.XA CN201510331024A CN104871800A CN 104871800 A CN104871800 A CN 104871800A CN 201510331024 A CN201510331024 A CN 201510331024A CN 104871800 A CN104871800 A CN 104871800A
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seedling
soil
land
seed
plantation
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CN201510331024.XA
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刘伟
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刘伟
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Priority to CN201510331024.XA priority Critical patent/CN104871800A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method of cape jasmines. The method comprises steps as follows: (1), seed selection: plump large cape jasmine fruits in deep red are selected; (2), seedling cultivation: fertile nursery land exposed to the sun is selected and ploughed until soil is fine and serves as a bed after sufficient base fertilizers are applied to the land, and seeds are sown in drill after mixed with plant ash or fine and fertile soil for seedling cultivation; (3), land preparation: slightly acidic yellow soil land with fertile and loosened soil and good drainage performance is selected in a mountainous region, planting holes are dug, and fertilization is performed; (4), transplanting: the seedlings are transplanted into a plantation after seedling hardening; (5), field management: field management is realized through cultivating, weeding, fertilizing and pruning in seedling land; (6), pest control. The cultivation method of the cape jasmines is put forward according to local climate conditions, has the advantages of high adaptability, high survival rate, high fruiting rate, high fruit quality and high content of medicinal components and meets market requirements for traditional Chinese medicinal materials.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of cape jasmine
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of Chinese herbal medicine cultivation, particularly relate to the cultivation method of a kind of cape jasmine.
Background technology
Cape jasmine is the fruit of madder wort cape jasmine, another name Yellow Fructus Gardeniae, fructus gardeniae, HUANGZHIZI, S. haematocheir.Be used as medicine with dry mature fruit, containing Gardenoside, Gardenoside, terpenoid, flavonoids, organic acid ester, volatile oil and various trace element.Cold in nature, bitter; Return Liver Channel, lung channel, stomach warp, tri-jiao channel; There is effect of purging intense heat relieving restlessness, reducing fever and causing diuresis, removing pattogenic heat from the blood and toxic material from the body, be used for the treatment of that pyreticosis is vexed, jaundice urine is red, blood strangury and dry pain, blood-head tell the diseases such as nosebleed, red eye, swell pain, fiery malicious hemorrhoid, control bruise outward bitterly.
Cape jasmine is Rubiaceae evergreen shrubs, happiness warm and moist, sun-drenched environment.Cold resistance is poor, and energy safe overwintering-5 DEG C time, the temperature range of growth is 12 ~ 15 DEG C, optimum temperature 25 ~ 28 DEG C.More drought-enduring, avoid ponding, like moistening.Cape jasmine seedling ability covers, and adult plants requires sunny.Life in 6 ~ 7 years starts to enter the solid Sheng phase, can produce fruit 20 ~ 25 years.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: the cultivation method providing the cape jasmine of high, the medicinal quality better of a kind of fruiting rate, meets the demand of Chinese Medicinal Materials Markets.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A cultivation method for cape jasmine, comprises the following steps:
1) collect seed: at cape jasmine mature period, gather full, that color depth is red large cape jasmine fruit, connect shell solarization to plant to water content lower than 25%, before sowing, strip off pericarp takes out seed, bubble is rubbed after 2 ~ 3 hours in sterile water, removes the impurity and flat seed of keeping afloat, dries a little after being pulled out by demersal full seed, mix fine sand, in order to sowing.
2) nursery: select more fertile, on the sunny side nursery lot, harrow thin and make bed after using sufficient base manure, with drilling after ash or thin loam seed dressing, sowing bonnet thin soil and stalk, throw off stalk after emerging in time, keeps ground moistening, and gradation thinning, finally by spacing in the rows 10 ~ 12 centimetres of final singlings, treat height of seedling more than 30 centimetres transplanting, seeding quantity is 4 ~ 6 pounds/acre; Sowing time is 2 ~ March.
3) wholely: select fertile soil, loose, well-drained weak acid yellow loam plot in mountain region, cultivate by the spacing in the rows of 2 ~ 2.5 meters and dig plantation pothole, and apply the fused calcium magnesium phosphate of 3 ~ 5 kilograms of farmyard manures and 0.2 ~ 0.5 kilogram, described plantation pothole bandwidth 80 ~ 100 centimetres.
4) transplant: by step 2) seedling dig out together with soil, be placed in the warm canopy of temperature 25 ~ 28 DEG C, air humidity 70 ~ 85% night, be placed in open area hardening daytime after 3 ~ 5 days, mix yellow mud with the GGR solution of 30 mgs/kg and be stained with root, then be transplanted to step 3) plantation pothole in, method for planting is: 1 strain is planted in every cave, nursery stock righting is planted in cave, when the half that bankets, seedling gently on carry, root system is unfolded, and then banket to full cave, steady and sure rear surface covers and loosens the soil.
5) field management: comprise the following steps:
1. seedling ground: accomplish frequent intertill and clean tillage and water, keeps plantation to fill out interior without weeds and ground moistening, but can not have ponding, and topdress 2 ~ 3 times when intertilling, topdress based on inorganic nitrogeneous fertilizer, will notice that in garden, transplanted seedling survives situation, timely after-culture simultaneously.
2. apply fertilizer: from planting, apply well-rotted farmyard manure 5 ~ 8 kilograms/strain annual April, urea or 20 grams, ammonium sulfate/every strain; May sprays foliage fertilizer; Late June ~ early August imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, and fertilizing amount is 0.1 ~ 0.2 kilogram/strain.
3. prune: field planting after 1 year winter start to prune and cultivate tree-like, cultivate 1 trunk and 3 major branches, each major branch cultivation 3 ~ 4 secondary major branches.
6) extermination of disease and insect pest: Major Diseases has abnormal pigmentary deposit on the skin rot to endanger blade; Anthracnose harm branch, when damage by disease and insect occurs, adopts following methods control:
1. cut off morbidity deadwood and burn, can pathogeny be reduced;
2. their early stage sprays 50% carbendazim, 800 ~ 1000 times of liquid or 70% topsin, 1000 ~ 1500 times of liquid or 1:1:100 bordeaux mixture.
3. Major Pests has aphid, coffee sticks up moth thoroughly, and sting food blade, slightly tender and bud with larva, available 40% Rogor 2000 times of liquid are sprayed.
The invention provides a kind of method of artificial cultivation cape jasmine, have the following advantages:
1, cape jasmine cultivation method of the present invention proposes according to local climate condition, has strong adaptability, advantage that survival rate is high.
2, to have fruiting rate high for cape jasmine cultivation method of the present invention, and fruit quality is good, the advantage that pharmaceutical ingredient content is high, meets Chinese Medicinal Materials Markets demand.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention is described further, so that the understanding of same domain technical staff.
Embodiment 1
A cultivation method for cape jasmine, comprises the following steps:
1) collect seed: at cape jasmine mature period, gather full, that color depth is red large cape jasmine fruit, connect shell solarization to plant to water content lower than 25%, before sowing, strip off pericarp takes out seed, bubble is rubbed after 2 ~ 3 hours in sterile water, removes the impurity and flat seed of keeping afloat, dries a little after being pulled out by demersal full seed, mix fine sand, in order to sowing.
2) nursery: select more fertile, on the sunny side nursery lot, harrow thin and make bed after using sufficient base manure, with drilling after ash or thin loam seed dressing, sowing bonnet thin soil and stalk, throw off stalk after emerging in time, keeps ground moistening, and gradation thinning, finally by spacing in the rows 10 ~ 12 centimetres of final singlings, treat height of seedling more than 30 centimetres transplanting, seeding quantity is 4 ~ 6 pounds/acre; Sowing time is 2 ~ March.
3) wholely: select fertile soil, loose, well-drained weak acid yellow loam plot in mountain region, cultivate by the spacing in the rows of 2 ~ 2.5 meters and dig plantation pothole, and apply the fused calcium magnesium phosphate of 3 ~ 5 kilograms of farmyard manures and 0.2 ~ 0.5 kilogram, described plantation pothole bandwidth 80 ~ 100 centimetres.
4) transplant: by step 2) seedling dig out together with soil, be placed in the warm canopy of temperature 25 ~ 28 DEG C, air humidity 70 ~ 85% night, be placed in open area hardening daytime after 3 ~ 5 days, mix yellow mud with the GGR solution of 30 mgs/kg and be stained with root, then be transplanted to step 3) plantation pothole in, method for planting is: 1 strain is planted in every cave, nursery stock righting is planted in cave, when the half that bankets, seedling gently on carry, root system is unfolded, and then banket to full cave, steady and sure rear surface covers and loosens the soil.
5) field management: comprise the following steps:
1. seedling ground: accomplish frequent intertill and clean tillage and water, keeps plantation to fill out interior without weeds and ground moistening, but can not have ponding, and topdress 2 ~ 3 times when intertilling, topdress based on inorganic nitrogeneous fertilizer, will notice that in garden, transplanted seedling survives situation, timely after-culture simultaneously.
2. apply fertilizer: from planting, apply well-rotted farmyard manure 5 ~ 8 kilograms/strain annual April, urea or 20 grams, ammonium sulfate/every strain; May sprays foliage fertilizer; Late June ~ early August imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, and fertilizing amount is 0.1 ~ 0.2 kilogram/strain.
3. prune: field planting after 1 year winter start to prune and cultivate tree-like, cultivate 1 trunk and 3 major branches, each major branch cultivation 3 ~ 4 secondary major branches.
6) extermination of disease and insect pest: Major Diseases has abnormal pigmentary deposit on the skin rot to endanger blade; Anthracnose harm branch, when damage by disease and insect occurs, adopts following methods control:
1. cut off morbidity deadwood and burn, can pathogeny be reduced;
2. their early stage sprays 50% carbendazim, 800 ~ 1000 times of liquid or 70% topsin, 1000 ~ 1500 times of liquid or 1:1:100 bordeaux mixture.
3. Major Pests has aphid, coffee sticks up moth thoroughly, and sting food blade, slightly tender and bud with larva, available 40% Rogor 2000 times of liquid are sprayed.
Adopt above method to cultivate cape jasmine, after 3 ~ 5 years, every strain fresh pod yield can reach 50 ~ 100 kilograms.

Claims (1)

1. a cultivation method for cape jasmine, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
1) collect seed: at cape jasmine mature period, gather full, that color depth is red large cape jasmine fruit, connect shell solarization to plant to water content lower than 25%, before sowing, strip off pericarp takes out seed, bubble is rubbed after 2 ~ 3 hours in sterile water, removes the impurity and flat seed of keeping afloat, dries a little after being pulled out by demersal full seed, mix fine sand, in order to sowing;
2) nursery: select more fertile, on the sunny side nursery lot, harrow thin and make bed after using sufficient base manure, with drilling after ash or thin loam seed dressing, sowing bonnet thin soil and stalk, throw off stalk after emerging in time, keeps ground moistening, and gradation thinning, finally by spacing in the rows 10 ~ 12 centimetres of final singlings, treat height of seedling more than 30 centimetres transplanting, seeding quantity is 4 ~ 6 pounds/acre; Sowing time is 2 ~ March;
3) wholely: select fertile soil, loose, well-drained weak acid yellow loam plot in mountain region, cultivate by the spacing in the rows of 2 ~ 2.5 meters and dig plantation pothole, and apply the fused calcium magnesium phosphate of 3 ~ 5 kilograms of farmyard manures and 0.2 ~ 0.5 kilogram, described plantation pothole bandwidth 80 ~ 100 centimetres;
4) transplant: by step 2) seedling dig out together with soil, be placed in the warm canopy of temperature 25 ~ 28 DEG C, air humidity 70 ~ 85% night, be placed in open area hardening daytime after 3 ~ 5 days, mix yellow mud with the GGR solution of 30 mgs/kg and be stained with root, then be transplanted to step 3) plantation pothole in, method for planting is: 1 strain is planted in every cave, nursery stock righting is planted in cave, when the half that bankets, seedling gently on carry, root system is unfolded, and then banket to full cave, steady and sure rear surface covers and loosens the soil;
5) field management: comprise the following steps:
1. seedling ground: accomplish frequent intertill and clean tillage and water, keeps plantation to fill out interior without weeds and ground moistening, but can not have ponding, and topdress 2 ~ 3 times when intertilling, topdress based on inorganic nitrogeneous fertilizer, will notice that in garden, transplanted seedling survives situation, timely after-culture simultaneously;
2. apply fertilizer: from planting, apply well-rotted farmyard manure 5 ~ 8 kilograms/strain annual April, urea or 20 grams, ammonium sulfate/every strain; May sprays foliage fertilizer; Late June ~ early August imposes nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer, and fertilizing amount is 0.1 ~ 0.2 kilogram/strain;
3. prune: field planting after 1 year winter start to prune and cultivate tree-like, cultivate 1 trunk and 3 major branches, each major branch cultivation 3 ~ 4 secondary major branches;
6) extermination of disease and insect pest: Major Diseases has abnormal pigmentary deposit on the skin rot to endanger blade; Anthracnose harm branch, when damage by disease and insect occurs, adopts following methods control:
1. cut off morbidity deadwood and burn, can pathogeny be reduced;
2. their early stage sprays 50% carbendazim, 800 ~ 1000 times of liquid or 70% topsin, 1000 ~ 1500 times of liquid or 1:1:100 bordeaux mixture;
3. Major Pests has aphid, coffee sticks up moth thoroughly, and sting food blade, slightly tender and bud with larva, available 40% Rogor 2000 times of liquid are sprayed.
CN201510331024.XA 2015-06-12 2015-06-12 Cultivation method of cape jasmines Pending CN104871800A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230316A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-13 广西大海阳光药业有限公司 Rapid gardenia florida propagation method
CN105830890A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-10 江西樟树天齐堂中药饮片有限公司 Soilless seedling culturing and cultivation technology of gardenia jasminoides
CN106171484A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-07 贵州遵义铭东商贸有限公司 A kind of breeding method of Fructus Gardeniae
CN106212021A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 四川华勋生态农业有限公司 A kind of Yellow Fructus Gardeniae implantation methods
CN106973688A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-25 贺州市温馨农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Yellow Fructus Gardeniae
CN107466768A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-12-15 湖口县顺昌中药材有限公司 The method that sealwort nursery carries with cape jasmine set
CN107873371A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-06 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of gardenia implantation methods
CN108575487A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-28 贵州省生物研究所 A kind of green high-efficient cultural method of Hawk tea cuttage seeding
CN109417977A (en) * 2017-07-17 2019-03-05 宁乡县依云中药材种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine tree
CN113785735A (en) * 2021-10-26 2021-12-14 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Cultivation method of gardenia jasminoides

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105230316A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-13 广西大海阳光药业有限公司 Rapid gardenia florida propagation method
CN105830890A (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-10 江西樟树天齐堂中药饮片有限公司 Soilless seedling culturing and cultivation technology of gardenia jasminoides
CN106171484A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-12-07 贵州遵义铭东商贸有限公司 A kind of breeding method of Fructus Gardeniae
CN106212021A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-14 四川华勋生态农业有限公司 A kind of Yellow Fructus Gardeniae implantation methods
CN106973688A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-25 贺州市温馨农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of Yellow Fructus Gardeniae
CN109417977A (en) * 2017-07-17 2019-03-05 宁乡县依云中药材种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of cape jasmine tree
CN107466768A (en) * 2017-08-22 2017-12-15 湖口县顺昌中药材有限公司 The method that sealwort nursery carries with cape jasmine set
CN107873371A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-04-06 佛山市高明区云大机械科技有限公司 A kind of gardenia implantation methods
CN108575487A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-28 贵州省生物研究所 A kind of green high-efficient cultural method of Hawk tea cuttage seeding
CN113785735A (en) * 2021-10-26 2021-12-14 江西省农业科学院土壤肥料与资源环境研究所 Cultivation method of gardenia jasminoides

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Application publication date: 20150902

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