A kind of separation integrated treatment of domestic sewage in rural areas source utilizes system
The present invention relates to technical field of sewage, specifically a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas source separation integrated treatment profit
With the high speed development of economic society, environmental problem becomes increasingly serious, and wherein water environment pollution is and the mankind again
The closely bound up problem of social survival and development, directly affects the development further of society.At present, existing sewage disposal technology
In, great majority are both for city domestic sewage and industrial wastewater etc.；And for domestic sewage in rural areas, the process skill that it is related to
Art is relatively fewer.Additionally, containing huge potential value in domestic sewage in rural areas, can therefrom obtain the energy and resource, and mesh
Front domestic sewage in rural areas hardly results in effectively utilizes, no processes discharge and does not only result in problem of environmental pollution, is lost and therefrom obtains
Take the possibility of the energy and resource.
The present invention is based on object above, there is provided a kind of separation integrated treatment of domestic sewage in rural areas source utilizes system,
In source, categorised collection is carried out to sewage first, follow-up sewage treating efficiency can be improved；The setting of methane-generating pit not only can utilize
Anaerobic technology processes excrement and urine water, can also reclaim the energy；Buck enters the amphimicrobian pool, using the animals and plants in water body and
Microorganism treating sewage, in the amphimicrobian pool, the Herba Eichhorniae of setting, big porker dish vitellarium not only can be played and be processed dirt further
Water, timing can also salvage recovery as pig feed material, have economic worth.The present invention has structure simply, need not consume power,
Construction period is short, low cost, can treatment in accordance with local conditions, can effective process waste water, and the energy and resource can be reclaimed.
Content of the invention
It is directed to process and the comprehensive utilization of domestic sewage in rural areas, the invention provides a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas source separates
Integrated treatment utilizes system.
The present invention solves technical problem, adopts the following technical scheme that：
Present invention institute using being that " methane-generating pit+amphimicrobian pool+sand filter " integrated treatment utilizes system, including methane-generating pit,
The amphimicrobian pool and sand filter, it is, in source, domestic sewage in rural areas is separated into Heisui River and buck, through different tubings
Respectively enter methane-generating pit and the amphimicrobian pool is processed, using two sets of sewage collection systems, and the amphimicrobian pool and husky filter
Pond connects successively.
Domestic sewage in rural areas source of the present invention separation integrated treatment utilizes system, and its feature is：Including for processing Heisui River
Methane-generating pit with for processing the amphimicrobian pool of buck, the water outlet on the described amphimicrobian pool introduces sand filter；Described Heisui River is
Pen feces urine waste water and toilet feces urine waste water, described buck is kitchen waste water and toilet non-feces urine is given up
Domestic sewage in rural areas source of the present invention separation integrated treatment utilizes system, and its feature lies also in：The grey water collection pipe of setting
Road and Heisui River collection conduit, described Heisui River collection conduit connects the feeding mouth of methane-generating pit, and described buck collection conduit connection is facultative
The entrance of anaerobic pond；
Described methane-generating pit arrangement and below ground, described feed opening is arranged on methane-generating pit top, is located at liquid level in methane-generating pit
Following position, is additionally provided with sludge outlet in described methane-generating pit bottom, and described sludge outlet takes cinder notch by slag releasing channel connection；
Described methane-generating pit top is provided with top cover, the top center position of described top cover is provided with closure, connects in described top cover
Enter the steel biogas valve for connecting biogas conduit；
It is laid with aquatic plants growth area in the described amphimicrobian pool, the water outlet on the described amphimicrobian pool is drawn by water channel
Enter sand filter, the outlet connection natural water of described sand filter.
Described buck collection conduit is passed through kitchen drainage pipeline and is received the kitchen waste water being derived from kitchen, and passes through toilet pipe
Road receives the toilet non-feces urine waste water from toilet；
Described Heisui River collection conduit is passed through pen drainage pipeline and is received the pen feces urine waste water being derived from pen, and passes through
Excrement passage receives the toilet feces urine waste water from toilet.
Described feeding mouth adopts the corrosion-resistant plastic pipe of diameter 150mm, is laid in methane-generating pit minimum and stablizes below liquid level
The position of 0.3m, and 60 ° are become with ground；
Described slag releasing channel is to be in 60 ° of cylindrical channel with ground.
The described size taking cinder notch is 0.5m × 0.5m × 0.7m, is provided with baffle plate in described taking on cinder notch.
The growth of described aquatic plants growth area has Herba Eichhorniae.
Described sand filter adopts three-decker, is followed successively by cobblestone layer, gravel layer, soil sand mixed layer from the bottom up.
The a diameter of 15-30mm of cobblestone of described cobblestone layer, the gravel diameter of described gravel layer is 5-15mm.
The at the bottom of pond of described methane-generating pit adopts fillet design, and described top cover is oval arch roof construction, and described sand filter is square
Shape structure, the described amphimicrobian pool is intermediate rectangular, two ends ellipsoidal structure.
Compared with the prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are embodied in：
(1) present invention adopts two sets of sewage collection systems, in source, sewage can be classified, and improves subsequent treatment effect
(2) methane-generating pit of the present invention can Anaerobic Digestion fecal sewage, and obtain biogas as the energy, macerate the mud making
Slag can be back to agricultural as fertilizer；
(3) feeding mouth of methane-generating pit of the present invention is located at and minimum stablizes below liquid level 0.3m, it is possible to decrease the problem of difficult feed；
(4) the amphimicrobian pool of the present invention can effective process sewage simultaneously, the water plant laid in the pool can improve process
Efficiency, and recyclable as pig feed material, there is economic benefit；
(5) sand filter of the present invention can further improve effluent quality；
(6) whole system of the present invention does not need power set, and structure is simple, and attended operation is easy；
(7) construction of whole system of the present invention can be using local topography and geomorphology, can flexible operating.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention；
In figure label：1 Rural housing, 2 kitchens, 3 toilets, 4 pens, 5 kitchen drainage pipelines, 6 toilet pipelines, 7 excrement
Just pipeline, 8 pen drainage pipelines, 9 buck collection conduit, 10 Heisui River collection conduit, 11 feeding mouths, 12 methane-generating pits, 13 top covers, 14
Closure, 15 biogas valves, 16 biogas conduits, 17 slag releasing channels, 18 take cinder notch, 19 baffle plates, the 20 amphimicrobian pools, 21 water plants
Vitellarium, 22 water channels, 23 sand filters, 24 outlets.
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings：
As shown in figure 1, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is " methane-generating pit+amphimicrobian pool+sand filter " integrated treatment
Using system, including for process the methane-generating pit 12 in Heisui River with for processing the amphimicrobian pool 20 of buck, the amphimicrobian pool 20
Water outlet introduce sand filter 23；Heisui River is the feces urine waste water of pen feces urine waste water and toilet, and buck is that kitchen is dirty
Water and toilet non-feces urine waste water.
Setting buck collection conduit 9 and Heisui River collection conduit 10, Heisui River collection conduit 10 connects the feeding mouth of methane-generating pit 2
11, buck collection conduit 9 connects the entrance on the amphimicrobian pool 20；
Methane-generating pit 12 is arranged and below ground, and at the bottom of pond adopts fillet design, and feeding mouth 11 is corrosion-resistant using diameter 150mm's
Plastic tube, is laid in the position that methane-generating pit minimum stablizes below liquid level 0.3m, and is in 60 ° with ground；In methane-generating pit 12 bottom also
It is provided with sludge outlet, sludge outlet passes through slag releasing channel 17 connection and takes cinder notch 18；Slag releasing channel 17 is to be in 60 ° of circle with ground
Column-like paths, the size taking cinder notch 18 is 0.5m × 0.5m × 0.7m, is provided with baffle plate 19 in described taking on cinder notch 18.In biogas
Pond 12 top is provided with the top cover 13 of oval arch roof construction, and the top center position of top cover 13 is provided with closure 14, on top
The steel biogas valve 15 for connecting biogas conduit 16 is accessed in lid 13；
The amphimicrobian pool 20 is intermediate rectangular, two ends ellipsoidal structure, is laid with water plant in the amphimicrobian pool 20
Vitellarium 21, aquatic plants growth area 21 growth has Herba Eichhorniae；The water outlet on the amphimicrobian pool 20 introduces rectangle knot by water channel 22
The sand filter 23 of structure, the outlet 24 connection natural water of sand filter 23.
Buck collection conduit 9 passes through the kitchen waste water that kitchen drainage pipeline 5 receives the kitchen 2 in Rural housing 1, and
Toilet non-feces urine waste water from toilet 3 is received by toilet pipeline 6；
Heisui River collection conduit 10 is passed through pen drainage pipeline 8 and is received the pen feces urine waste water being derived from pen 4, and passes through
Excrement passage 7 receives the toilet feces urine waste water from toilet 3.
Sand filter 23 adopts three-decker, is followed successively by cobblestone layer, gravel layer, soil sand mixed layer from the bottom up.Goose ovum
The a diameter of 15-30mm of cobblestone of rock layers, the gravel diameter of gravel layer is 5-15mm.
The operation principle of the present invention is：The pen feces producing with pen from the toilet feces urine waste water of toilet
Urine waste water enters in methane-generating pit together, produces anaerobic digestion effect, excrement and urine water is degraded in the presence of anaerobe,
The biogas that degraded produces is for household use as the energy through biogas catheter collection, and digestion body refuse is after taking cinder notch to collect as organic
Fertilizer is back to agricultural production；The amphimicrobian pool is entered together with kitchen waste water feces urine waste water non-with the toilet of toilet,
Degraded in the presence of various antibacterials and animals and plants, on the one hand the water plant of Herba Eichhorniae etc strengthens water treatment efficiency, with
When can periodically salvage as pig feed material；The water outlet of the amphimicrobian pool enters sand filter through water channel, and water outlet improves after filtering further
Water quality simultaneously finally up to standard enters natural water.