CN104846647A - Fabric with flame-retardant function and anti-bacterial function and manufacturing method of fabric - Google Patents

Fabric with flame-retardant function and anti-bacterial function and manufacturing method of fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104846647A
CN104846647A CN201510209917.7A CN201510209917A CN104846647A CN 104846647 A CN104846647 A CN 104846647A CN 201510209917 A CN201510209917 A CN 201510209917A CN 104846647 A CN104846647 A CN 104846647A
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fabric
poly
hexamethylene
stain
retardant
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CN104846647B (en
Inventor
方飞
张献
丁欣
陈小璇
陈召
包超
田兴友
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Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of CAS
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Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of CAS
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fabric with a flame-retardant function and an anti-bacterial function and a manufacturing method of the fabric. The functional fabric is formed by covering a fabric with more than one layer of polyhexamethylene guanidine salting layer and a polyphosphate salting layer on the polyhexamethylene guanidine salting layers. The manufacturing method includes the steps of dipping the fabric in a 0.05-5g/100g polyhexamethylene guanidine saline solution for 10-120 seconds prior to taking out, washing with distilled water for 20-120 seconds, and drying at the temperature of 50-80 DEG C for 20-60 minutes to obtain the fabric with polyhexamethylene guanidine salting; dipping the fabric with the polyhexamethylene guanidine salting in a 0.05-5g/100g polyphosphate saline solution for 10-120 seconds prior to taking out, washing with the distilled water for 20-120 seconds, and drying at the temperature of 50-80 DEG C for 20-60 minutes to obtain the fabric with the polyhexamethylene guanidine salting and polyphosphate salting; repeating the two steps for at least more than 0 time to obtain the fabric with the flame-retardant function and the anti-bacterial function. The fabric with the flame-retardant function and the anti-bacterial function is excellent in the flame-retardant function and the anti-bacterial function, is durable in quality and can be widely used in daily life of people.

Description

There is fabric of fire-retardant and antibacterial functions and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fabric and preparation method, especially a kind of have fabric of fire-retardant and antibacterial functions and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Textile fabric is widely used in daily life, as various COTTON FABRIC, linen, chemical & blended fabric, and their BLENDED FABRIC etc.These textile materials very easily burn, and rate of flame propagation is extinguished soon, not easily, and the dense smoke simultaneously produced in combustion also causes safely huge threat to natural environment and human life; In addition, cellulose molecular chain in fabric contains a large amount of hydroxyls, thus hygroscopicity is very strong, growth for bacterium provides good living environment, the bacterium grown not only can threaten to human health, also can destroy cellulosic structure by release acidic materials, cause fabric degraded.Therefore, fabric fire-retardant and antibacterially to arouse widespread concern, as Chinese invention patent application Publication Specification CN 101654864 A a kind of fire-retardant polypropylene non-woven fabric and preparation method thereof disclosed in the 24 days February in 2010.The product mentioned in this Publication Specification is for being matrix with polypropylene non-woven fabric, and at the flame-retardant layer that its surface coverage is formed by fire retardant, wherein, fire retardant is Phos based flame retardant, or organophosphorous fire retardant, or nitrogenous flame ratardant, or expansion type flame retardant; Preparation method is that first polypropylene non-woven to be arranged in concentration be flood 5 ~ 30min in the fire retardant aqueous solution of 10 ~ 40%, then it is dried at 40 ~ 65 DEG C afterwards rolling, packaging.Though this nonwoven fabric has fire-retardant performance, there is weak point also, first, the fire retardant forming flame-retardant layer is single component, and the flame retardant effect that can play is limited, is difficult to obtain significant flame retardant effect; Secondly, only there is flame retardant efficiency, and without antibacterial functions; Again, preparation method can not obtain existing remarkable flame retardant effect, have again the product of antibacterial functions.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention for overcoming weak point of the prior art, provide a kind of fire-retardant significantly and possess simultaneously and antibacterial there is fabric that is fire-retardant and antibacterial functions.
Another technical problem that the present invention will solve is for providing a kind of above-mentioned preparation method with the fabric of fire-retardant and antibacterial functions.
For solving technical problem of the present invention, the technical scheme adopted is: have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions and comprise fabric, particularly,
Described fabric is covered with the stain layer of more than one deck, described stain layer is made up of the polyphosphoric acid salt marsh in poly (hexamethylene) stain and its.
As having further improvement that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions:
Preferably, fabric is cotton fabric, or hemp fabric, or science fabric, or cotton fibriia BLENDED FABRIC, or cotton fiber and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or flax fibre and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or nonwoven fabric.
Preferably, poly (hexamethylene) is one or more the mixture in polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, poly (hexamethylene) hydrochloride, poly hexamethylene biguanide phosphate.
Preferably, Quadrafos is one or both mixtures in polyphosphate sodium, APP.
For solving another technical problem of the present invention, another technical scheme adopted is: the above-mentioned preparation method with the fabric of fire-retardant and antibacterial functions comprises infusion process, and particularly completing steps is as follows:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring at least 1h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 0.05 ~ 5g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 0.05 ~ 5g/100g;
Step 2, first fabric is immersed in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and take out after 10 ~ 120s, 20 ~ 60min is dried at being placed on 50 ~ 80 DEG C with distilled water flushing 20 ~ 120s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain, stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 10 ~ 120s, dry 20 ~ 60min at being placed on 50 ~ 80 DEG C with distilled water flushing 20 ~ 120s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh;
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process more than 0 time of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
As having further improvement that the is fire-retardant and preparation method of the fabric of antibacterial functions:
Preferably, fabric is cotton fabric, or hemp fabric, or science fabric, or cotton fibriia BLENDED FABRIC, or cotton fiber and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or flax fibre and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or nonwoven fabric.
Preferably, poly (hexamethylene) is one or more the mixture in polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, poly (hexamethylene) hydrochloride, poly hexamethylene biguanide phosphate.
Preferably, Quadrafos is one or both mixtures in polyphosphate sodium, APP.
Preferably, time poly (hexamethylene) or Quadrafos being added deionized water for stirring is 1 ~ 3h.
Preferably, it is 1 ~ 30 time on it, stain has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process of step 2 successively.
Relative to the beneficial effect of prior art be:
One, after adopting such structure, both due to poly (hexamethylene) and fabric combination next to the skin and impart the anti-microbial property of fabric excellence, again because of the source of the gas of poly (hexamethylene) in time burning and the giving full play to of part acid source effect, there is the Quadrafos of acid source effect with during burning, the fabric of carbon source effect acts synergistically, and on microcosmic, create a large amount of expanding bubbles after object product is burnt, and form heat insulation foamed char.This complete Intumescent Retardant System be jointly made up of source of the gas and part acid source (poly (hexamethylene)), acid source (Quadrafos) and carbon source (fabric), drastically increase the fire resistance of object product, even if object product is not only provided with excellent anti-microbial property, be also provided with efficient expandable flame retardant performance.Through actual measurement, the fire resistance of object product is far above prior art.
They are two years old, the interaction of hydrogen bond that the present invention also exists except the hydroxyl or carboxylic group that make use of poly (hexamethylene) and fabric fibre surface fully, and ensure that between the two firmly combine outside, existing CATION poly (hexamethylene) stain layer is also made to be combined more securely with the anionic polymer Quadrafos of follow-up dipping by electrostatic interaction, make three become the one of extremely difficult segmentation, thus make the stain layer of composition object product be provided with fabulous durability and service life.
Its three, preparation method is simple, science, effectively.Not only obtain fire-retardant significantly and possess antibacterial object product simultaneously---there is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, also make it have significant flame retardant effect and excellent antibacterial functions, and long-lived quality, more have that preparation process is simple, cost is low, environment friendly and pollution-free, the applied widely and feature of applicable large-scale industrial production, and then make object product have extraordinary commercial applications prospect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is by after the burning of obtained object product, uses ESEM (SEM) to one of result that it characterizes.A large amount of expanding bubbles is created in object product after SEM image demonstrates burning.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
First buy from market or obtain voluntarily:
As the cotton fabric of fabric, hemp fabric, science fabric, cotton fibriia BLENDED FABRIC, cotton fiber and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, flax fibre and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC and nonwoven fabric;
As the polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate of poly (hexamethylene), poly (hexamethylene) hydrochloride and poly hexamethylene biguanide phosphate;
As polyphosphate sodium and the APP of Quadrafos.
Then,
Embodiment 1
The concrete steps of preparation are:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring 1h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 0.05g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 5g/100g; Wherein, poly (hexamethylene) is polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, and Quadrafos is APP.
Step 2, first immerses fabric in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and takes out after 10s, dry 60min at being placed on 50 DEG C with distilled water flushing 120s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain; Wherein, fabric is cotton fabric.Stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 10s, dry 60min at being placed on 50 DEG C with distilled water flushing 120s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh.
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process 0 time of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
Embodiment 2
The concrete steps of preparation are:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring 1.5h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 1.25g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 3.75g/100g; Wherein, poly (hexamethylene) is polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, and Quadrafos is APP.
Step 2, first immerses fabric in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and takes out after 35s, dry 50min at being placed on 58 DEG C with distilled water flushing 95s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain; Wherein, fabric is cotton fabric.Stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 35s, dry 50min at being placed on 58 DEG C with distilled water flushing 95s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh.
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process 8 times of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
Embodiment 3
The concrete steps of preparation are:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring 2h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 2.5g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 2.5g/100g; Wherein, poly (hexamethylene) is polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, and Quadrafos is APP.
Step 2, first immerses fabric in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and takes out after 65s, dry 40min at being placed on 65 DEG C with distilled water flushing 70s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain; Wherein, fabric is cotton fabric.Stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 65s, dry 40min at being placed on 65 DEG C with distilled water flushing 70s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh.
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process 15 times of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
Embodiment 4
The concrete steps of preparation are:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring 2.5h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 3.75g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 1.25g/100g; Wherein, poly (hexamethylene) is polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, and Quadrafos is APP.
Step 2, first immerses fabric in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and takes out after 95s, dry 30min at being placed on 73 DEG C with distilled water flushing 45s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain; Wherein, fabric is cotton fabric.Stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 95s, dry 30min at being placed on 73 DEG C with distilled water flushing 45s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh.
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process 23 times of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
Embodiment 5
The concrete steps of preparation are:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring 3h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 5g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 0.05g/100g; Wherein, poly (hexamethylene) is polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, and Quadrafos is APP.
Step 2, first immerses fabric in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and takes out after 120s, dry 20min at being placed on 80 DEG C with distilled water flushing 20s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain; Wherein, fabric is cotton fabric.Stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 120s, dry 20min at being placed on 80 DEG C with distilled water flushing 20s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh.
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process 30 times of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
Select the cotton fabric as fabric more respectively, or hemp fabric, or science fabric, or cotton fibriia BLENDED FABRIC, or cotton fiber and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or flax fibre and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or nonwoven fabric; As one or more the mixture in the polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate of poly (hexamethylene), poly (hexamethylene) hydrochloride, poly hexamethylene biguanide phosphate; As one or both mixtures in the polyphosphate sodium of Quadrafos, APP; Repeat above-described embodiment 1 ~ 5, obtained equally and there is fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can have fabric of fire-retardant and antibacterial functions and preparation method thereof and carries out various change and modification and do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention of the present invention.Like this, if belong within the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof to these amendments of the present invention and modification, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification.

Claims (10)

1. there is a fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions, comprise fabric, it is characterized in that:
Described fabric is covered with the stain layer of more than one deck, described stain layer is made up of the polyphosphoric acid salt marsh in poly (hexamethylene) stain and its.
2. according to claim 1 have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that fabric is cotton fabric, or hemp fabric, or science fabric, or cotton fibriia BLENDED FABRIC, or cotton fiber and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or flax fibre and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or nonwoven fabric.
3. according to claim 1 have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that poly (hexamethylene) is one or more the mixture in polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, poly (hexamethylene) hydrochloride, poly hexamethylene biguanide phosphate.
4. according to claim 1 have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that Quadrafos is one or both mixtures in polyphosphate sodium, APP.
5. there is described in claim 1 preparation method that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, comprise infusion process, it is characterized in that completing steps is as follows:
Step 1, adds deionized water for stirring at least 1h respectively by poly (hexamethylene) and Quadrafos, obtains the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution of 0.05 ~ 5g/100g and the Quadrafos aqueous solution of 0.05 ~ 5g/100g;
Step 2, first fabric is immersed in the poly (hexamethylene) aqueous solution and take out after 10 ~ 120s, 20 ~ 60min is dried at being placed on 50 ~ 80 DEG C with distilled water flushing 20 ~ 120s, obtain the fabric that stain on it has poly (hexamethylene) stain, stain on it had the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain to immerse in the Quadrafos aqueous solution again to take out after 10 ~ 120s, dry 20 ~ 60min at being placed on 50 ~ 80 DEG C with distilled water flushing 20 ~ 120s, obtaining on it stain successively has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh;
Step 3, on it successively stain have the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat the process more than 0 time of step 2, obtained have fire-retardant and fabric that is antibacterial functions.
6. according to claim 5 have preparation method that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that fabric is cotton fabric, or hemp fabric, or science fabric, or cotton fibriia BLENDED FABRIC, or cotton fiber and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or flax fibre and chemical fibre BLENDED FABRIC, or nonwoven fabric.
7. according to claim 5 have preparation method that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that poly (hexamethylene) is one or more the mixture in polyhexamethylene guanide phosphate, poly (hexamethylene) hydrochloride, poly hexamethylene biguanide phosphate.
8. according to claim 5 have preparation method that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that Quadrafos is one or both mixtures in polyphosphate sodium, APP.
9. according to claim 5 have preparation method that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that time poly (hexamethylene) or Quadrafos being added deionized water for stirring is 1 ~ 3h.
10. according to claim 5 have preparation method that the is fire-retardant and fabric of antibacterial functions, it is characterized in that the process to stain has the fabric of poly (hexamethylene) stain and polyphosphoric acid salt marsh to repeat step 2 successively on it is 1 ~ 30 time.
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CN105568683A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 常熟市中宏针织厂 Finishing process of garment fabric
CN105568680A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 常熟市中宏针织厂 Finishing process of flax fabric
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CN108505329A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-07 上海高聚生物科技有限公司 A kind of flame-proof antibiotic deodorization dressing liquid for disposable sanitary articles
CN109137479A (en) * 2018-07-10 2019-01-04 安徽玉然经编科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method for the anti-pollution antibacterial polypropylene non-woven fabrics that bandage fibroin albumen arranges
CN109338726A (en) * 2018-08-20 2019-02-15 蚌埠市维光塑胶制品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the flame-retardant modified non-woven fabrics of anti-bacterial and anti-fouling

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017091976A1 (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-06-08 陈杰 Expansion flame retardant system for mattress or pillow inner-sleeve filler flame retardation and method therefor
CN105568683A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 常熟市中宏针织厂 Finishing process of garment fabric
CN105568680A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 常熟市中宏针织厂 Finishing process of flax fabric
CN105401416A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-03-16 常熟市馨格家纺有限公司 Blanket fabric
CN108505329A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-07 上海高聚生物科技有限公司 A kind of flame-proof antibiotic deodorization dressing liquid for disposable sanitary articles
CN109137479A (en) * 2018-07-10 2019-01-04 安徽玉然经编科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method for the anti-pollution antibacterial polypropylene non-woven fabrics that bandage fibroin albumen arranges
CN109338726A (en) * 2018-08-20 2019-02-15 蚌埠市维光塑胶制品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the flame-retardant modified non-woven fabrics of anti-bacterial and anti-fouling

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