CN104844278A - Dry high-temperature harmless treatment process for livestock and poultry died of diseases - Google Patents

Dry high-temperature harmless treatment process for livestock and poultry died of diseases Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104844278A
CN104844278A CN201510203930.1A CN201510203930A CN104844278A CN 104844278 A CN104844278 A CN 104844278A CN 201510203930 A CN201510203930 A CN 201510203930A CN 104844278 A CN104844278 A CN 104844278A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
poultry
livestock
dry
shell
dead livestock
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510203930.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟光福
钟硕
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成都宇福科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201510203930.1A priority Critical patent/CN104844278A/en
Publication of CN104844278A publication Critical patent/CN104844278A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention discloses a dry high-temperature harmless treatment process for livestock and poultry died of diseases. The process comprises the following steps: (1) disinfecting carcasses of livestock and poultry died of diseases with a disinfection liquid; (2) conveying the disinfected carcasses of livestock and poultry died of diseases to a pulverizer for cutting and crushing into particles with particle sizes no more than 5 mm; (3) adding the particles into a mixer, adding accessory materials and carrying out uniform mixing under stirring so as to obtain a mixture; and (4) conveying the mixture to an extruder and carrying out dry extrusion so as to allow water content of the mixture to be no more than 10%. According to the invention, dry high temperature extrusion is employed, so disinfection, sterilization, dehydration and degreasing of livestock and poultry died of diseases can be effectively realized; moreover, the carcasses of livestock and poultry died of diseases are cut to a particle size of no more than 5 mm, so the obtained mixture can be subsequently recycled, e.g., different fertilizers can be prepared from the obtained mixture.

Description

Dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process.
Background technology
Along with developing rapidly of aquaculture, when especially there is acute epidemic situation in the unavoidable death that livestock and poultry occur in breeding process.Existing method mainly dead bodies digestion tank dissolve, cooking process, burning, the method such as buried.Change the propagation that corpse method thoroughly cannot solve germ, and the process of change corpse method itself also can to environment.Cooking process cannot solve secondary pollution equally, and have high input, income is low.Same burning also can cause topsoil, and buried a large amount of soils and the manpower of not only will consuming, the land resources that waste is valuable, equally also can cause the pollution of soil and water resources.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of dry method high temperature treatment facility that environmental pollution can be avoided completely also effectively to utilize dead livestock and poultry resource.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
Dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process, comprises the following steps:
(1) carry out disinfection with the corpse of thimerosal to dead livestock and poultry;
(2) corpse of the dead livestock and poultry after sterilization is delivered to pulverizer cutting, flour becomes the particle of particle diameter≤5 ㎜;
(3) particle is added in mixing and blending machine, and adds auxiliary material and carry out mixing to evenly, obtain mixture;
(4) mixture is delivered in forcing machine and carries out dry method and extrude operation, make mixture water content≤10%.
Further, the extrusion temperature of described forcing machine is 120 ~ 180 DEG C.
Again further, described step (2) adopts the first transfer roller to be delivered in pulverizer by the corpse of dead livestock and poultry; Described step (4) adopts second conveyor to be delivered in forcing machine by the corpse of dead livestock and poultry.
Further, described pulverizer comprises the shell of band opening for feed and discharge port, is arranged at the rotary knife for disintegrating machine head in shell, is arranged at the pulverizer stationary knife at opening for feed place, and be arranged at the pulverizer scraper of discharge port; Described mixing and blending machine is communicated with the discharge port on shell.
In addition, described forcing machine comprises shell, is arranged at the forcing machine hopper above shell, is arranged at the extruder discharging mouth below shell, is arranged at the extruder screw in shell, and is arranged at shell one end and the extruder reducer be connected with extruder screw; Described extruder reducer is also connected with forcing machine motor.
Preferred as one, described extruder screw is also provided with the switch-plate be positioned at above extruder discharging mouth.The outer casing inner wall of described forcing machine is also provided with well heater.
In addition, described auxiliary material is one or more in wheat bran, chaff, Semen Maydis powder.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the following advantages and beneficial effect:
The present invention adopts dry method high temperature to extrude, can effectively to carry out disinfection sterilization, dewatering and defatting to dead livestock and poultry, and livestock and poultry corpse can be cut into the size of particle diameter≤5 ㎜ by the present invention, thus the material obtained is enable to carry out follow-up recycling, such as: make different fertilizer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of pulverizer in the present invention.
Wherein, mark corresponding component name in accompanying drawing to be called: 1-first transfer roller, 2-feeding warehouse, 3-pulverizer, 4-mixing and blending machine, 5-second conveyor, 6-forcing machine, 7-shredding unit, 8-cylinder, 31-rotary knife for disintegrating machine head, 32-pulverizer stationary knife, 33-pulverizer scraper, 61-forcing machine hopper, 62-extruder reducer, 63-forcing machine motor, 64-extruder screw, 65-extruder discharging mouth.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, and embodiments of the present invention include but not limited to the following example.
Embodiment
Dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process, comprises the following steps:
(1) carry out disinfection with the corpse of thimerosal to dead livestock and poultry;
(2) corpse of the dead livestock and poultry after sterilization is delivered to pulverizer cutting, flour becomes the particle of particle diameter≤5 ㎜;
(3) particle is added in mixing and blending machine, and adds auxiliary material and carry out mixing to evenly, obtain mixture;
(4) mixture is delivered in forcing machine and carries out dry method and extrude operation, make mixture water content≤10%.
Further, the extrusion temperature of described forcing machine is 120 ~ 180 DEG C.The present invention is extruded by high temperature, thus reaches the effect of dewatering and defatting, improves the utilization ratio of follow-up particle.Because of when moisture in particle and contain grease too much time, cannot well recycle.
Further, described auxiliary material is one or more in wheat bran, chaff, Semen Maydis powder.By adding auxiliary material in mixing and blending machine, its objective is the adhesion in order to reduce livestock and poultry corpse, thus can effectively avoid it to adhere on follow-up equipment.
As shown in Figure 1, the device that the present embodiment adopts comprises the first transfer roller 1, feeding warehouse 2, pulverizer 3, mixing and blending machine 4, second conveyor 5, forcing machine 6, the shredding unit 7 that are communicated with successively; Described mixing and blending machine is positioned at the below of pulverizer.Adopt equipment of the present invention can realize totally-enclosed process, be broken into particle from conveying livestock and poultry to final powder, whole process is carried out in response apparatus of the present invention, with external contactless, avoids operator infected.Matched with mixing and blending machine by pulverizer simultaneously, not only simplify the process of cutting, and livestock and poultry corpse can be made to be ground into≤the particle of 5 ㎜, and can carry out mixing with unclassified stores thus realize extruding and being prepared into fertilizer etc. of later stage, realize waste reclaimation.Wherein, shredding unit can adopt pulverizer conventional on the market.
But forcing machine of the present invention comprises shell, be arranged at the forcing machine hopper 61 above shell, be arranged at the extruder discharging mouth 65 below shell, be arranged at the extruder screw 64 in shell, and be arranged at shell one end and the extruder reducer 62 be connected with extruder screw; Described extruder reducer is also connected with forcing machine motor 63; Described shredding unit is positioned at the below of extruder discharging mouth.The forcing machine of the application adopts high-temperature operation in the course of the work, can in the enclosure on wall mounting heater heat, thus realize high temperature, in addition, also switch-plate can be set on the extruder screw that extruder discharging mouth is above-mentioned, thus can very smoothly material be discharged from forcing machine, avoid blocking.Wherein, well heater can select resistance heating wire.
As shown in Figure 2, in order to make pulverizer be convenient to cleaning, described pulverizer comprises the shell of band opening for feed and discharge port, is arranged at the rotary knife for disintegrating machine head 31 in shell, be arranged at the pulverizer stationary knife 32 at opening for feed place, and be arranged at the pulverizer scraper 33 of discharge port; Described mixing and blending machine is communicated with the discharge port on shell; Described feeding warehouse is communicated with the opening for feed on shell.
In order to better realize pulverizing, described rotary knife for disintegrating machine head, pulverizer stationary knife, pulverizer scraper are dentalation.Rotary knife for disintegrating machine head can be made in rotary course and engagement can be formed between pulverizer stationary knife or pulverizer scraper by above-mentioned setting, by engagement, livestock and poultry corpse be carried out cutting and grinding.Gap between the cutter head that between cutter head when described rotary knife for disintegrating machine head and pulverizer stationary knife intersect, gap is greater than when rotary knife for disintegrating machine head intersects with pulverizer scraper.By the design that gap is different, the residue of livestock and poultry corpse all can be discharged, reduce the difficulty of later stage cleaning.What deserves to be explained is that rotary knife for disintegrating machine head comprises the rotating cylinder be socketed on outside turning axle, and be arranged at the multiple rotary cutters on rotating cylinder outer wall; Described rotary cutter is uniformly distributed on rotating cylinder, and is positioned at the longitudinal direction of rotating cylinder.What deserves to be explained is rotary cutter can vertically (namely rotary cutter is perpendicular to the tangent line of rotating cylinder and rotary cutter point of contact) be arranged on rotating cylinder, being arranged on rotating cylinder of also tiltable (namely rotary cutter and tangent line existing certain angle).What Fig. 2 then represented is that rotary cutter is vertically arranged.
Preferred as one, described opening for feed is arranged at the side of shell, and pulverizer stationary knife is then arranged at above or below opening for feed.Described discharge port is arranged at outer casing bottom, and pulverizer scraper is then arranged at out left side or the right side of two mouthfuls; Wherein pulverizer stationary knife is horizontally disposed with, and sharp one end is towards turning axle; Pulverizer scraper is vertically arranged, and sharp one end is towards turning axle.By this optimal way, when livestock and poultry corpse enters in shell from opening for feed, by rotating turning axle, drive rotary knife for disintegrating machine head to rotate ceaselessly to intersect with pulverizer stationary knife, cutting flour is carried out to livestock and poultry corpse, when pulverizer stationary knife is arranged at below opening for feed, just be rotated counterclockwise turning axle, carry out pulverizing cutting, at this moment pulverizer scraper is then positioned at the right side of discharge port, livestock and poultry corpse after pulverizing is then automatic discharges from discharge port in rotary course, after livestock and poultry corpse is discharged, rotary knife for disintegrating machine head is then meshed with pulverizer scraper, the residue of livestock and poultry corpse just can be wiped off by pulverizer scraper, discharge from discharge port.And when pulverizer final version is arranged at above opening for feed, pulverizer scraper is then arranged on the left of discharge port, turning axle only need turn clockwise and can realize pulverizing.
In order to better realize automatization, conveniently livestock and poultry corpse being delivered to first disintegrator, described feeding warehouse being also provided with the cylinder 8 entering first disintegrator for promoting livestock and poultry corpse.Smoothly livestock and poultry corpse can be shifted onto in first disintegrator from feeding warehouse by arranging cylinder.Certain feeding warehouse should have push pedal, and cylinder promotes push pedal, push pedal is moved to first disintegrator, thus is pushed in first disintegrator by livestock and poultry corpse by push pedal.
Livestock and poultry after process of the present invention, effective utilization of resource can be carried out according to different purposes, elementary operation process of the present invention is as follows: livestock and poultry are delivered to feeding warehouse by the first transfer roller, pulverizer is entered by feeding warehouse, dead livestock and poultry corpse is then ground into by pulverizer≤particle (containing bone) of 5 ㎜, in mixing and blending machine, mixing inserts different materials, to be suitable for the different purposes of resource subsequently; Then by second conveyor by mixed particle transport to forcing machine, carry out dry method high temperature and extrude, disinfection, dewatering and defatting; Finally the substance use extruded from forcing machine is pulverized to shredding unit, now water content≤10% of the particulate matter of livestock and poultry corpse, the demand of different fertilizer can be met, and be convenient to storage and transport.
But the grease in livestock and poultry corpse can reclaim smoothly in extrusion, concentrate recycling.Thus make the present invention define the livestock and poultry corpse dry method high temperature treatment system of complete set, avoid employingization corpse method, cooking process, burning, the mode such as buried to many defects such as the pollutions of environment, have completely pollution-free, really reach that dry method is innoxious, the object of utilization of resources process dead livestock and poultry.
According to above-described embodiment, just the present invention can be realized well.What deserves to be explained is; under prerequisite based on said structure design, for solving same technical problem, even if some making on the invention are without substantial change or polishing; the essence of the technical scheme adopted is still the same with the present invention, therefore it also should in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) carry out disinfection with the corpse of thimerosal to dead livestock and poultry;
(2) corpse of the dead livestock and poultry after sterilization is delivered to pulverizer cutting, flour becomes the particle of particle diameter≤5 ㎜;
(3) particle is added in mixing and blending machine, and adds auxiliary material and carry out mixing to evenly, obtain mixture;
(4) mixture is delivered in forcing machine and carries out dry method and extrude operation, make mixture water content≤10%.
2. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the extrusion temperature of described forcing machine is 120 ~ 180 DEG C.
3. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described step (2) adopts the first transfer roller to be delivered in pulverizer by the corpse of dead livestock and poultry; Described step (4) adopts second conveyor to be delivered in forcing machine by the corpse of dead livestock and poultry.
4. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described pulverizer comprises the shell of band opening for feed and discharge port, be arranged at the rotary knife for disintegrating machine head in shell, be arranged at the pulverizer stationary knife at opening for feed place, and be arranged at the pulverizer scraper of discharge port; Described mixing and blending machine is communicated with the discharge port on shell.
5. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described forcing machine comprises shell, be arranged at the forcing machine hopper above shell, be arranged at the extruder discharging mouth below shell, be arranged at the extruder screw in shell, and be arranged at shell one end and the extruder reducer be connected with extruder screw; Described extruder reducer is also connected with forcing machine motor.
6. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described extruder screw is also provided with the switch-plate be positioned at above extruder discharging mouth.
7. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the outer casing inner wall of described forcing machine is also provided with well heater.
8. dead livestock and poultry dry method high temperature harmless treatment process according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described auxiliary material is one or more in wheat bran, chaff, Semen Maydis powder.
CN201510203930.1A 2015-04-27 2015-04-27 Dry high-temperature harmless treatment process for livestock and poultry died of diseases CN104844278A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107652061A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-02 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that grape fertilizer is made using frog
CN107663115A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-06 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that adjunct using dog makees soybean fertilizer
CN107746325A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-02 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method for making peanut seed fertilizer using domestic hamster
CN107814619A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-20 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that corn fertilizer is made using family goose
CN107814620A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-20 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that wheat fertilizer is made using poultry
CN107840697A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-27 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that adjunct using sheep makees watermelon seed fertilizer

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107652061A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-02 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that grape fertilizer is made using frog
CN107663115A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-06 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that adjunct using dog makees soybean fertilizer
CN107746325A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-02 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method for making peanut seed fertilizer using domestic hamster
CN107814619A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-20 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that corn fertilizer is made using family goose
CN107814620A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-20 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that wheat fertilizer is made using poultry
CN107840697A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-27 巢湖市鑫宇良种农民专业合作社 A kind of method that adjunct using sheep makees watermelon seed fertilizer

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