CN104842767B - Change-speed box, Power Train are unified vehicle - Google Patents

Change-speed box, Power Train are unified vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104842767B
CN104842767B CN201510024074.3A CN201510024074A CN104842767B CN 104842767 B CN104842767 B CN 104842767B CN 201510024074 A CN201510024074 A CN 201510024074A CN 104842767 B CN104842767 B CN 104842767B
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gear
dynamotor
output shaft
mechanical axis
power
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CN104842767A (en
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阮鸥
翟震
吴飞
罗永孟
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BYD Co Ltd
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BYD Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of change-speed box, power drive system and vehicle.Change-speed box comprises: multiple input shaft; Multiple output shaft; Output shaft output gear and motor gear, output shaft output gear is arranged on each output shaft, and motor gear is arranged on in output shaft; Motor mechanical axis, motor mechanical axis overhead cover is provided with motor power axle first gear and motor mechanical axis second gear, motor mechanical axis first gear is arranged to link with one of them gear driving gear, motor mechanical axis second gear is arranged to link with motor gear, motor mechanical axis is also provided with the motor mechanical axis synchro between motor mechanical axis first gear and motor mechanical axis second gear.Change-speed box of the present invention, has enriched transmission mode, can realize the various working such as parking charging and the driving limit charging of driving engine limit.

Description

Change-speed box, Power Train are unified vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of vehicle, the vehicle especially relating to a kind of change-speed box, there is the power drive system of this change-speed box, there is this power drive system.
Background technology
Along with the continuous consumption of the energy, the development and utilization of new forms of energy vehicle becomes a kind of trend gradually.Hybrid vehicle, as the one in new forms of energy vehicle, is driven by driving engine and/or motor, has various modes, can improve driving efficiency and fuel economy.
But in correlation technique known for inventor, the change-speed box general structure in hybrid vehicle is complicated, and transmission mode is few, and driving efficiency is on the low side.Such as, for most hybrid vehicle, it often realizes process of charging when driving, and charge mode, charge path etc. are comparatively single, and charge efficiency is poor.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to solve one of above-mentioned technical matters of the prior art at least to a certain extent.
For this reason, the present invention proposes a kind of change-speed box for vehicle, this change-speed box can enrich the transmission mode of power drive system at least to a certain extent.
The invention allows for a kind of power drive system with above-mentioned change-speed box, this power drive system has abundant transmission mode.
The invention allows for a kind of vehicle, this vehicle comprises above-mentioned power drive system.
According to the change-speed box for vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention, comprising: multiple input shaft, each described input shaft is provided with gear driving gear; Multiple output shaft, each described output shaft is provided with gear driven gear, and described gear driven gear engages accordingly with described gear driving gear; Output shaft output gear and motor gear, described output shaft output gear is arranged on each described output shaft, and described motor gear is arranged on in described output shaft; Motor mechanical axis, described motor mechanical axis overhead cover is provided with motor power axle first gear and motor mechanical axis second gear, described motor mechanical axis first gear is arranged to link with one of them gear driving gear, described motor mechanical axis second gear is arranged to link with described motor gear, described motor mechanical axis is also provided with the motor mechanical axis synchro between described motor mechanical axis first gear and described motor mechanical axis second gear.
According to the change-speed box for vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention, enrich transmission mode, the various working such as parking charging and the driving limit charging of driving engine limit can have been realized.
The power drive system of embodiment according to a further aspect of the invention, comprises the change-speed box in above-described embodiment and the first dynamotor, and described first dynamotor is arranged to link with described motor mechanical axis.
According to the power drive system of the embodiment of the present invention, there is abundant transmission mode.
The vehicle of embodiment according to a further aspect of the present invention, comprises the power drive system in above-described embodiment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of power drive system according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the power drive system according to another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of power drive system in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the power drive system according to another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the power drive system according to another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of change-speed box according to an embodiment of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described below in detail embodiments of the invention, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has element that is identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment be described with reference to the drawings, be intended to for explaining the present invention, and can not limitation of the present invention be interpreted as.
In describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outward ", " cw ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " conter clockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore limitation of the present invention can not be interpreted as.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In describing the invention, the implication of " multiple " is at least two, such as two, three etc., unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or integral; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrically connected maybe can communicate with one another; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals or the interaction relationship of two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score can comprise the first and second features and directly contact, also can comprise the first and second features and not be directly contact but by the other characterisation contact between them.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " comprise fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " below " and " below " comprise fisrt feature immediately below second feature and tiltedly below, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-Fig. 5, the power drive system 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, this power drive system 100 is applicable in the vehicle of such as hybrid vehicle, and as the power system of vehicle, for normal vehicle operation provides sufficient power and electric energy.
Power drive system 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention mainly comprises two large divisions, one can be propulsion source, propulsion source can be driving engine 4, dynamotor etc., it two can be change-speed box 101, change-speed box 101, for realizing the speed changing function to propulsion source outputting power, meets vehicle driving requirements or charging requirement etc.
Such as, in certain embodiments, as Figure 1-Figure 5, power drive system 100 can comprise driving engine 4, first dynamotor 51 and change-speed box 101, but is not limited thereto.
Shown in composition graphs 1, in certain embodiments, change-speed box 101 mainly comprises multiple input shaft (such as, first input shaft 11, second input shaft 12), multiple output shaft (such as, first output shaft 21, second output shaft 22) and motor mechanical axis 3 and each axle on associated gear and shifting element (e.g., synchro).
When carrying out transmission of power between driving engine 4 and input shaft, driving engine 4 is arranged to optionally engage at least one in multiple input shaft.In other words, such as, when driving engine 4 is to input shaft transmission power, driving engine 4 optionally can engage to transmit power with in multiple input shaft, or driving engine 4 can also optionally engage to transmit power with two or more input shafts in multiple input shaft simultaneously.
Such as, in the example of Fig. 1-Fig. 5, multiple input shaft can comprise the first input shaft 11 and the second input shaft 12 two input shafts, and driving engine 4 optionally can engage to transmit power with one of the first input shaft 11 and second input shaft 12.Or especially, driving engine 4 can also engage to transmit power with the first input shaft 11 and the second input shaft 12 simultaneously.Certainly, should be understood that, driving engine 4 also can disconnect with the first input shaft 11 and the second input shaft 12 simultaneously.
For the ordinary skill in the art, driving engine 4 is relevant with the concrete operating mode of power drive system 100 to the engagement state of input shaft, and this will describe in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiments, no longer describes in detail here.
Transmission can be carried out by shift gear pair between input shaft and output shaft.Such as, each input shaft is provided with gear driving gear, each output shaft is provided with gear driven gear, gear driven gear engages accordingly with gear driving gear, thus forms the different gear pair of multipair speed ratio.
In some embodiments of the invention, change-speed box 101 can be six forward gear change-speed boxs 101, namely has first gear pair, second gear is secondary, three gear gear pairs, four keep off gear pairs, five gear gear pairs and six keep off gear pairs.But the present invention is not limited to this, for the ordinary skill in the art, can increase or reduce the number of shift gear pair by comformability according to transmission needs, be not limited to six gear transmissions shown in the embodiment of the present invention.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, output shaft output gear (such as, the first output shaft output gear 211 and the second output shaft output gear 221) is arranged on each output shaft, and output shaft output gear is for exporting the power of corresponding output shaft.
In some embodiments of the invention, output shaft comprises the first output shaft 21 and the second output shaft 22, and accordingly, output shaft output gear comprises the first output shaft output gear 211 and the second output shaft output gear 221.
Specifically, first output shaft 21 is fixedly installed the first output shaft output gear 211, first output shaft output gear 211 is with the first output shaft 21 synchronous axial system, first output shaft output gear 211 and main reduction gear driven gear 74 engaged transmission, thus main reduction gear driven gear 74 and diff 75 can be passed to from the first output shaft output gear 211 through the power of the first output shaft 21.
Similarly, second output shaft 22 is fixedly installed the second output shaft output gear 221, second output shaft output gear 221 is with the second output shaft 22 synchronous axial system, second output shaft output gear 221 and main reduction gear driven gear 74 engaged transmission, thus main reduction gear driven gear 74 and diff 75 can be passed to from the second output shaft output gear 221 through the power of the second output shaft 22.
Wherein, the diff 75 of vehicle can be arranged between a pair front-wheel 76 or between pair of rear wheels 77, and in examples more of the present invention, diff 75 is between a pair front-wheel 76.The function of diff 75 is when turn inside diameter travels or travels on uneven road surface, and driving wheels is rolled with different cireular frequencys, to ensure two side drive wheel and ground intercropping PURE ROLLING.Diff 75 is provided with main reduction gear driven gear 74, such as main reduction gear driven gear 74 can be arranged on the housing of diff 75.Main reduction gear driven gear 74 can be finishing bevel gear cuter, but is not limited thereto.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, motor gear 71 is arranged on in output shaft, and such as motor gear 71 can be fixed on the second output shaft 22, but is not limited thereto.
Below motor power axle 3 is described in detail.First motor mechanical axis synchro 33c, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 on motor mechanical axis 3 are described in detail.
Specifically, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and the equal empty set of motor mechanical axis second gear 32 are arranged on motor mechanical axis 3, that is, motor mechanical axis 3 and motor mechanical axis first gear 31 can rotate by differential, similarly, motor mechanical axis 3 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 also can rotate by differential.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 is arranged to link with one of them gear driving gear (such as, two keeping off driving gear 2a).In other words, power can transmit between one of them gear driving gear described and motor mechanical axis first gear 31.
It should be noted that, above-mentioned " interlock " can be understood as multiple parts (such as, two) coupled movements, and for two parts interlocks, wherein during a component movement, another parts also move thereupon.
Such as, in some embodiments of the invention, gear and axle link and can be understood as is also will rotate when gear rotates, with the axle of its interlock, or also will rotate when this axle rotates, with the gear of its interlock.
And for example, axle and axle link can be understood as and are when an axle rotates wherein, also will rotate with another root axle of its interlock.
For another example, gear and gear-linked can be understood as is also will rotate when a gear rotates wherein, with another gear of its interlock.
Under the invention in the description of face about " interlock ", if there is no specified otherwise, be all understood in this way.
Similarly, the first dynamotor 51 is arranged to link with motor mechanical axis 3.Such as, the first dynamotor 51, can by the Power output of generation to motor mechanical axis 3 when working as electrical motor.And for example, when the first dynamotor 51 is as generator operation, the power from motor mechanical axis 3 can export the first dynamotor 51 to, thus drives the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
Here, need to illustrate a bit, in the description of the present invention about " dynamotor ", if do not have specified otherwise, it is the motor with electrical generator and motor function that this dynamotor can be understood as.
As mentioned above, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and one of them gear driving gear described link, especially, when motor mechanical axis first gear 31 links with this gear driving gear, the first dynamotor 51 can utilize at least part of power exported from driving engine 4 to generate electricity when vehicle traveling and parking.
In other words, when vehicle is in motoring condition, at least part of power of driving engine 4 can export the first dynamotor 51 to by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, thus drives the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity, and realizes driving limit, driving engine 4 limit charging operating mode.And when vehicle is in parking (vehicle stops but driving engine 4 is still in running order), at least part of power of driving engine 4 can export the first dynamotor 51 to by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, thus drive the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity, realize parking charge function (i.e. " STOP " charging).
For motor mechanical axis second gear 32, it is arranged to link with motor gear 71, and in other words, power can transmit between motor mechanical axis second gear 32 and motor gear 71.
Motor mechanical axis synchro 33c is arranged between motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32, the sliding hub of motor mechanical axis synchro 33c can along the axial motion of motor mechanical axis 3, such as in the example of Fig. 1-Fig. 5, the sliding hub of motor mechanical axis synchro 33c can the axis along motor mechanical axis 3 under the driving of shifting fork mechanism move to the left or to the right.
Motor mechanical axis synchro 33c is owing to being arranged between motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32, and therefore motor mechanical axis first gear 31 can optionally engage with motor mechanical axis 3 with one of motor mechanical axis second gear 32 by motor mechanical axis synchro 33c.
The example of composition graphs 1-Fig. 5, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 can engage with motor mechanical axis 3 to left movement by the sliding hub of motor mechanical axis synchro 33c vertically, thus makes motor mechanical axis 3 and motor mechanical axis first gear 31 can synchronous axial system.The sliding hub of motor mechanical axis synchro 33c moves right vertically and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 can be engaged with motor mechanical axis 3, thus makes motor mechanical axis 3 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 can synchronous axial system.
Certainly, be understandable that, the sliding hub of motor mechanical axis synchro 33c also can remain on center position (such as, initial position), and now motor mechanical axis synchro 33c and motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 disconnect respectively.
In addition, need to illustrate a bit, engage with motor mechanical axis synchro 33c for the ease of motor mechanical axis first gear 31, motor mechanical axis second gear 32, the side towards motor mechanical axis synchro 33c of motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 can be provided with joint gear ring, this should be all easy understand for the ordinary skill in the art.
Thus, motor mechanical axis 3 by motor mechanical axis synchro 33c synchronous (synchronous namely to motor mechanical axis first gear 31 or motor mechanical axis second gear 32) and optionally with motor gear 71 or one of them gear driving gear transmission described.
Specifically, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c can carry out synchronously to motor mechanical axis first gear 31, and namely motor mechanical axis synchro 33c can engage motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis 3, now can realize driving generating or power generation in parking etc.And for example, in some instances, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c can carry out synchronously to motor mechanical axis second gear 32, namely motor mechanical axis synchro 33c can engage motor mechanical axis second gear 32 and motor mechanical axis 3, and now the power of generation can directly export from motor gear 71 by the first dynamotor 51.
Need to illustrate a bit, in describing the invention, motor mechanical axis 3 can be the motor shaft of the first dynamotor 51 self.Certainly, be understandable that, the motor shaft of motor mechanical axis 3 and the first dynamotor 51 also can be two independent axles.
Thus, according to the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, charge function can be realized when vehicle traveling and parking, enrich charge mode, at least to some extent solved the problems such as existing power drive system charging modes is single, charge efficiency is low.In brief, driving charging can be realized according to the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention and parking is charged two class charge modes.
Embodiment below in conjunction with Fig. 1-Fig. 5 is described in detail input shaft, output shaft and each shift gear.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as Figure 1-Figure 5, input shaft can be two, namely input shaft comprises the first input shaft 11 and the second input shaft 12, second input shaft 12 can be hollow shaft, and the first input shaft 11 can be solid axle, and a part for the first input shaft 11 can be embedded in the second hollow input shaft 12, another part of first input shaft 11 can be protruding vertically in the second input shaft 12, and the first input shaft 11 and the second input shaft 12 can be coaxially arranged.
Output shaft can be two, and namely the first output shaft 21 and the second output shaft 22, first output shaft 21 and the second output shaft 22 are arranged in parallel with input shaft, and the first output shaft 21 and the second output shaft 22 can be solid axle.
Six advance gears can be had according to the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, particularly, first input shaft 11 can be arranged odd number gear driving gear, second input shaft 12 can be arranged even number gear driving gear, thus the first input shaft 11 is responsible for the transmission of power of odd number shift gear pair, the second input shaft 12 is responsible for the transmission of power of even number shift gear pair.
More specifically, as Figure 1-Figure 5, first input shaft 11 can be furnished with a gear driving gear 1a, three gear driving gear 3a and five gear driving gear 5a, second input shaft 12 can be furnished with two gear driving gear 2a and four or six gear driving gear 46a, each gear driving gear is all with the input shaft synchronous axial system of correspondence.
Accordingly, first output shaft 21 is provided with a gear driven gear 1b, two gear driven gear 2b, three gear driven gear 3b and four gear driven gear 4b, second output shaft 22 is provided with five gear driven gear 5b and six gear driven gear 6b, the equal empty set of each driven gear is on the output shaft of correspondence, and namely each driven gear can rotate by differential relative to the output shaft of correspondence.
Wherein, one gear driven gear 1b and keeps off driving gear 1a and engages thus form first gear pair, two gear driven gear 2b and two keep off driving gear 2a and engage thus form second gear pair, three gear driven gear 3b and three keep off driving gear 3a and engage thus form three and keep off gear pair, four gear driven gear 4b and four or six keep off driving gear 46a and engage thus form four and keep off gear pair, five gear driven gear 5b and five keep off driving gear 5a and engage thus form five and keep off gear pair, and six keep off driven gear 6b and four or six keeps off driving gear 46a and engage thus form six and keep off gear pair.
Because four gear gear pairs and six gear gear pairs share one four or six gear driving gear 46a, therefore can reduce by a gear driving gear, make the axial dimension of power drive system 100, radial dimension less, structure is compacter.
Owing to being empty set structure between driven gear and output shaft, therefore needing, synchro is set and carries out synchronous to corresponding driven gear with output shaft, to realize the output of power.
In certain embodiments, shown in composition graphs 1-Fig. 5, power drive system 100 comprises one or three gear synchro 13c, two or four gear synchro 24c, five gear synchro 5c, six gear synchro 6c.
As shown in Figure 1, one or three gear synchro 13c to be arranged on the first output shaft 21 and to keep off between driven gear 3b at a gear driven gear 1b and three, one gear driven gear 1b or three gear driven gear 3b can engage with the first output shaft 21 by one or three gear synchro 13c, thus enables this driven gear and output shaft synchronous axial system.
Such as, shown in composition graphs 1, the sliding hub of one or three gear synchro 13c is moved to the left and three gear driven gear 3b can be engaged with the first output shaft 21, thus three gear driven gear 3b and the first output shaft 21 can synchronous axial system.The sliding hub of one or three gear synchro 13c moves right and a gear driven gear 1b can be engaged with the first output shaft 21, thus a gear driven gear 1b and the first output shaft 21 can synchronous axial system.
As shown in Figure 1, similarly, two or four gear synchro 24c to be arranged on the first output shaft 21 and to keep off between driven gear 4b at two gear driven gear 2b and four, two gear driven gear 2b or four gear driven gear 4b can engage with the first output shaft 21 by two or four gear synchro 24c, thus enable this driven gear and output shaft synchronous axial system.
Such as, shown in composition graphs 1, the sliding hub of two or four gear synchro 24c is moved to the left and two gear driven gear 2b can be engaged with the first output shaft 21, thus two gear driven gear 2b and the first output shaft 21 synchronous axial system.The sliding hub of two or four gear synchro 24c moves right and four gear driven gear 4b can be engaged with the first output shaft 21, thus four gear driven gear 4b and the first output shaft 21 synchronous axial system.
As shown in Figure 1, similarly, five gear synchro 5c are arranged on the second output shaft 22, five gear synchro 5c are positioned at the side of five gear driven gear 5b, such as left side, five gear synchro 5c are used for five gear driven gear 5b to engage with the second output shaft 22, and such as the sliding hub of five gear synchro 5c moves right, then five gear driven gear 5b can be engaged with the second output shaft 22, thus five gear driven gear 5b and the second output shaft 22 synchronous axial system.
As shown in Figure 1, similarly, six gear synchro 6c are arranged on the second output shaft 22, six gear synchro 6c are positioned at the side of six gear driven gear 6b, such as left side, six gear synchro 6c are used for six gear driven gear 6b to engage with the second output shaft 22, and such as the sliding hub of six gear synchro 6c moves right, then six gear driven gear 6b can be engaged with the second output shaft 22, thus six gear driven gear 6b and the second output shaft 22 synchronous axial system.
In some embodiments of the invention, can transmission of power be carried out by double-clutch 2d or be separated between the first input shaft 11 of driving engine 4 and change-speed box 101 and the second input shaft 12.
Shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 5, double-clutch 2d has input end 23d, the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d, driving engine 4 is connected with the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d, specifically, driving engine 4 can pass through the various ways such as flywheel, bumper or reverse plate and is connected with the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d.
The first mouth 21d of double-clutch 2d is connected with the first input shaft 11, thus this first mouth 21d and the first input shaft 11 synchronous rotary.The second mouth 22d of double-clutch 2d is connected with the second input shaft 12, thus this second mouth 22d and the second input shaft 12 synchronous rotary.
Wherein, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d can be the housing of double-clutch 2d, and its first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d can be two clutch plates.Usually, housing and two clutch plates can all disconnect, namely input end 23d and the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d all disconnects, when needs engage one of them clutch plate, housing can be controlled carry out engaging thus synchronous rotary with corresponding clutch plate, namely input end 23d engages with one of the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d, thus the power that input end 23d transmits can by an output in the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d.
Especially, housing also can engage with two clutch plates simultaneously, namely input end 23d also can engage with the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d simultaneously, thus the power that input end 23d transmits can be exported by the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d simultaneously.
Be to be understood that, the concrete engagement state of double-clutch 2d is controlled the impact of strategy, for a person skilled in the art, can transmission mode needed for reality and adaptive settings control policy, thus can switch in the various modes that input end 23d all disconnects with two mouths and input end 23d and two mouths one of at least engage.
About motor mechanical axis first gear 31, as mentioned above, itself and gear driving gear link, and particularly, in certain embodiments, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 keeps off driving gear 2a by intermediate idler 72 and two and links.
Power generation in parking, double-clutch 2d driving limit, the limit charging simultaneously in joint situation is comprised according to some typical conditions of the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention.
First describe this typical condition of power generation in parking, when vehicle is in parked state, driving engine 4 is arranged to export the power of generation to first dynamotor 51 by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, thus drives the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
Specifically, specific embodiment shown in composition graphs 1-Fig. 5, power can be exported to the second input shaft 12 by double-clutch 2d by driving engine 4 after vehicle parking, two gear driving gear 2a on this second input shaft 12 are link by intermediate idler 72 and motor mechanical axis first gear 31 on motor mechanical axis 3, control motor mechanical axis synchro 33c and engage motor mechanical axis 3 and motor mechanical axis first gear 31, the power that then driving engine 4 exports will from the second input shaft 12, two gear driving gear 2a, intermediate idler 72, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c export motor mechanical axis 3 to, this part power final exports to the first dynamotor 51 from motor mechanical axis 3, thus drive the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity as electrical generator.
Thus, achieve power generation in parking function, enriched charge mode, and under power generation in parking operating mode, vehicle remains static, the power of driving engine 4 all for charging, can improve charge efficiency, realizes quick function of supplying power.
Secondly the limit driving limit charging operating mode of double-clutch 2d simultaneously in joint situation is described, under this operating mode, wherein a part of power can be exported to wheel using the power travelled as vehicle by a wherein output shaft by conjugation while input end 23d and the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d by driving engine 4, and another part power is exported to the first dynamotor 51 by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, thus the first dynamotor 51 is driven to generate electricity.
Specifically, the specific embodiment of composition graphs 1-Fig. 5 example, under this operating mode, a part of power of driving engine 4 can export from the first output shaft 21 or the second output shaft 22, such as, three gear gear pairs or five secondary by first gear keep off gear pairs and export, another part power of driving engine 4 can export to the first dynamotor 51 from motor mechanical axis first gear 31, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c, this path of motor mechanical axis 3, thus drives the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
Because tradition has in the power drive system of double-clutch, double-clutch 2d only has a power-transfer clutch in running order at synchronization, and achieve the breakthrough application to double-clutch 2d according to the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, i.e. under two whole engagement states of power-transfer clutch of double-clutch 2d (input end 23d engages the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d simultaneously), a part of power of driving engine 4 is exported by an output shaft drives vehicle to travel, another part power then exports to the first dynamotor 51, drive motor generates electricity, enrich transmission mode, take into account vehicle to travel and charging requirement.
According to the power drive system 100 of some embodiments of the present invention, the second dynamotor 52 can also be set up to increase the dynamic property of power drive system 100, enrich transmission mode.
Such as, wherein in some embodiments, the second dynamotor 52 can with main reduction gear driven gear 74 transmission, the motor shaft of the second dynamotor 52 such as, can arrange gear, and this gear and main reduction gear driven gear 74 be engaged transmission directly.And for example, in further embodiments, the second dynamotor 52 also can be arranged to be connected with the first input shaft 11 or be connected with the first output shaft 21.For another example, in some embodiments again, the second dynamotor 52 is two and is separately positioned on the both sides of diff 75, and such as these two the second dynamotors 52 can become one with diff 75.Or, aforesaid driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 are for driving front-wheel, second dynamotor 52 also can be wheel motor and for trailing wheel, or the second dynamotor 52 can drive two trailing wheels by a speed reduction gearing, or the second dynamotor 52 is two and drives a trailing wheel respectively by a speed reduction gearing.
Describe the electronic differential lock construction according to the embodiment of the present invention in detail below with reference to Fig. 2-Fig. 5, this structure can realize the pair of driving wheels that locking skids when there is tyre skidding phenomenon, thus improves skidding, improves trafficability energy.
As Figure 2-Figure 5, this electronic differential lock construction comprises the 3rd dynamotor 201, the 4th dynamotor 301 and anti-skidding synchro 503.Wherein, driving engine 4 and/or the first dynamotor 51 are for driving pair of wheels 76,3rd dynamotor 201 and the 4th dynamotor 301 are arranged for driving second pair of wheel 77, wherein pair of wheels 76 is a pair in front-wheel and trailing wheel, and the second pair of wheel 77 is other a pair in front-wheel and trailing wheel.In the example of Fig. 2-Fig. 5, driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 drive front-wheel, and the 3rd dynamotor 201 and the 4th dynamotor 301 are respectively used to driving two trailing wheels.
Shown in composition graphs 2-Fig. 5,3rd dynamotor 201 is arranged to link with in second pair of wheel 77, in other words, 3rd dynamotor 201 can output power to this wheel to drive this vehicle wheel rotation, or the 3rd dynamotor 201 also can absorb energy from this wheel, thus generates electricity.
Similarly, 4th dynamotor 301 is arranged to link with another in second pair of wheel 77, in other words, 4th dynamotor 301 can output power to this another wheel to drive this another vehicle wheel rotation, or the 4th dynamotor 301 also can absorb energy from this another wheel, thus generates electricity.In the example of Fig. 2-Fig. 5, the 3rd dynamotor 201 links with left rear wheel, and the 4th dynamotor 301 links with off hind wheel, but the present invention is not limited to this.
Anti-skidding synchro 503 is arranged to optionally synchronous second pair of wheel 77, thus make second pair of wheel 77 synchronous rotary, in other words, the synchronous second pair of wheel 77 (namely anti-skidding synchro 503 is in engagement state) of anti-skidding synchro 503, formed between second pair of wheel 77 and connect firmly form, thus synchronous rotary, can not rotate by differential.
And when anti-skidding synchro 503 is in off-state, 3rd dynamotor 201 and the 4th dynamotor 301 can drive corresponding wheel with different rotational speed respectively, realize the differential rotating function of two wheels, certainly, when anti-skidding synchro 503 is in off-state, the 3rd dynamotor 201 and the 4th dynamotor 301 also can drive this second pair of wheel 77 with identical rotational speed.
Thus, by arranging the 3rd dynamotor 201 and the 4th dynamotor 301 individually drives second pair of wheel 77, thus the differential that can realize second pair of wheel 77 rotates, and when there is one of them tyre skidding phenomenon, anti-skidding synchro 503 can synchronous second pair of wheel 77 to make second pair of wheel 77 synchronous rotary, jointly after realizing the power coupling that two motors (can certainly be) export drive second pair of wheel 77 operation, improve tyre skidding phenomenon, improve the carrying capacity of vehicle.
In brief, according to the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, owing to being provided with the cause of anti-skidding synchro 503, therefore corresponding vehicle bridge can be cancelled (such as, back axle) the mechanical type self-locking differential structure that has, but functionally but can be realized the function of traditional mechanical type self-locking differential by the synchronous effect of anti-skidding synchro 503, make thus compacter according to the structure of the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, cost is lower.
Below the example of type of drive composition graphs 2-Fig. 5 of the 3rd dynamotor 201, the 4th dynamotor 301 and wheel is described in detail.
In certain embodiments, as shown in figs 2-4, by gear structure indirect drive between the 3rd dynamotor 201 and corresponding wheel, similarly, between the 4th dynamotor 301 and corresponding wheel, also this gear structure indirect drive can be passed through.
Carry out transmission by gear structure to be easy to realize and structure is simple, and required transmitting ratio can be obtained, reliable transmission.And, 3rd dynamotor 201 carries out power transmission with corresponding wheel by identical gear structure with the 4th dynamotor 301, also improve the commonality of gear structure, also make power drive system 100 have higher symmetry simultaneously, center of gravity is avoided too to depart to side, enable center of gravity be in the midway location of two wheels or the position near centre better, improve stability and the reliability of power drive system 100.
Further, as optional embodiment, as shown in figs 2-4, the gear structure adopted between the 3rd dynamotor 201 and corresponding wheel can comprise the first gear 401, second gear 402, the 3rd gear 403 and the 4th gear 404 4 gears.
First gear 401 can be arranged on the first power take-off shaft 202 of the 3rd dynamotor 201 correspondence, and the first gear 401 can with the first power take-off shaft 202 synchronous rotary.Wherein, first power take-off shaft 202 can be used for exporting the power produced from the 3rd dynamotor 201, or counter for the wheel Power output dragged can be same structure to the motor shaft of the 3rd dynamotor 201, first power take-off shaft 202 and the 3rd dynamotor 201 by the first power take-off shaft 202.Certainly alternatively, the motor shaft of the first power take-off shaft 202 and the 3rd dynamotor 201 also can be two independent parts, and now the first power take-off shaft 202 is connected with the motor of the 3rd dynamotor 201.
The wheel corresponding with the 3rd dynamotor 201 is connected with the first semiaxis 204, second gear 402 to be arranged on the first semiaxis 204 and can with the first semiaxis 204 synchronous rotary, 3rd gear 403 engages with the first gear 401 and the 4th gear 404 engages with the second gear 402, and the 3rd gear 403 and the 4th gear 404 coaxially arranged and can synchronous rotary.
Similarly, as shown in figs 2-4, the gear structure adopted between the 4th dynamotor 301 and corresponding wheel can comprise the 5th gear 405, the 6th gear 406, the 7th gear 407 and octadentate and take turns 408 totally four gears.On the second power take-off shaft 302 that 5th gear 405 can be arranged on the 4th dynamotor 301 correspondence and can with the second power take-off shaft 302 synchronous rotary.Wherein, second power take-off shaft 302 can be used for exporting the power produced from the 4th dynamotor 301, or counter for the wheel Power output dragged can be same structure to the motor shaft of the 4th dynamotor 301, second power take-off shaft 302 and the 4th dynamotor 301 by the second power take-off shaft 302.Certainly alternatively, the motor shaft of the second power take-off shaft 302 and the 4th dynamotor 301 also can be two independent parts, and now the second power take-off shaft 302 is connected with the motor shaft of the 4th dynamotor 301.
The wheel corresponding with the 4th dynamotor 301 is connected with the second semiaxis 304,6th gear 406 to be arranged on the second semiaxis 304 and can with the second semiaxis 304 synchronous rotary, 7th gear 407 engages with the 5th gear 405 and octadentate is taken turns 408 and engaged with the 6th gear 406, and the 7th gear 407 and octadentate are taken turns 408 synchronization arrangement and can synchronous rotary.
Alternatively, first gear 401 and the 5th gear 405, second gear 402 and the 6th gear 406, the 3rd gear 403 and the 7th gear 407 and the 4th gear 404 and octadentate take turns 408 size can be identical respectively with the number of teeth, thus improve the commonality of gear structure.
As optional embodiment, the 3rd gear 403 and the 4th gear 404 can be fixed on the first gear wheel shaft 501, and the 7th gear 407 and octadentate are taken turns 408 and can be fixed on the second gear wheel shaft 502.Certainly, the 3rd gear 403 and the 4th gear 404 also can be configured to stepped gear or connection gear structure.Similarly, the 7th gear 407 and octadentate are taken turns 408 and also can be configured to stepped gear or join gear structure.
In some instances, as shown in Figure 2, anti-skidding synchro 503 can be arranged on the first semiaxis 204 and to be arranged to optionally engage the 6th gear 406, such as, 6th gear 406 can arrange joint gear ring towards the side of anti-skidding synchro 503, the sliding hub of anti-skidding synchro 503 and this joint gear ring adaptation.Thus, after anti-skidding synchro 503 engages, this second pair of wheel 77 is by synchronous rotary.
In other examples, as shown in Figure 3, anti-skidding synchro 503 to be arranged on the first power take-off shaft 202 and to be arranged to optionally engage the 5th gear 405, such as, 5th gear 405 can arrange joint gear ring towards the side of anti-skidding synchro 503, the sliding hub of anti-skidding synchro 503 and this joint gear ring adaptation.Thus, after anti-skidding synchro 503 engages, this second pair of wheel 77 is by synchronous rotary.
In other example, as shown in Figure 4, anti-skidding synchro 503 to be arranged on the first gear wheel shaft 501 and to be arranged to optionally engage the 7th gear 407, such as, 7th gear 407 can arrange joint gear ring towards the side of anti-skidding synchro 503, the sliding hub of anti-skidding synchro 503 and this joint gear ring adaptation.Thus, after anti-skidding synchro 503 engages, this second pair of wheel 77 is by synchronous rotary.
Alternatively, in the example of hgure 5, the 3rd dynamotor 201 and corresponding wheel be coaxially connected and the 4th dynamotor 301 be coaxially connected with corresponding wheel.Further, the 3rd dynamotor 201 and the 4th dynamotor 301 can be all wheel motors, and messenger chain is short thus, and transmission degradation of energy is few, and driving efficiency is high.
Further, as shown in Figure 5, anti-skidding synchro 503 can be arranged on the 3rd dynamotor 201 correspondence the first power take-off shaft 202 on and be arranged to optionally engage the second power take-off shaft 302 of the 4th dynamotor 301 correspondence.Thus, after anti-skidding synchro 503 engages, this second pair of wheel 77 is by synchronous rotary.
Structure and the typical condition of each specific embodiment medium power driving system 100 are simply described referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 5.
Embodiment one:
As shown in Figure 1, driving engine 4 is connected with the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d, the first mouth 21d of double-clutch 2d is connected with the first input shaft 11, the second mouth 22d of double-clutch 2d is connected with the second input shaft 12, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d and the first mouth 21d of double-clutch 2d and the second mouth 22d can be in off-state simultaneously, or the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d can engage with one of the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d of double-clutch 2d, or the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d can engage with the first mouth 21d of double-clutch 2d and the second mouth 22d simultaneously.
Second input shaft 12 is hollow shaft structure, and the first input shaft 11 is solid axle, and the second input shaft 12 is set on the first input shaft 11 coaxially, and a part for the first input shaft 11 is protruding vertically in the second input shaft 12.
First input shaft 11 is provided with can with a gear driving gear 1a of the first input shaft 11 synchronous axial system, three gear driving gear 3a and five gear driving gear 5a, one gear driving gear 1a is positioned at the right side of five gear driving gear 5a, and three gear driving gear 3a are positioned at the left side of five gear driving gear 5a.
Second input shaft 12 is provided with can with two gear driving gear 2a and four or six gear driving gear 46a of the second input shaft 12 synchronous axial system, and two gear driving gear 2a are positioned at left side and four or six gear driving gear 46a are positioned at right side.
First output shaft 21 and two input shafts are arranged in parallel, first output shaft 21 is set with a gear driven gear 1b, two gear driven gear 2b, three gear driven gear 3b and four gear driven gear 4b, one gear driven gear 1b and one keeps off driving gear 1a and directly engages, two gear driven gear 2b and two keep off driving gear 2a and directly engage, three gear driven gear 3b and three keep off driving gear 3a and directly engage, and four gear driven gear 4b and four or six keep off driving gear 46a and directly engage.
First output shaft 21 is also provided with one or three gear synchro 13c and two or four gear synchro 24c, one or three gear synchro 13c keep off between driven gear 3b at a gear driven gear 1b and three, and optionally by synchronous with the first output shaft 21 for a gear driven gear 1b or three gear driven gear 3b, two or four gear synchro 24c keep off between driven gear 4b at two gear driven gear 2b and four, and optionally by synchronous with the first output shaft 21 for two gear driven gear 2b or four gear driven gear 4b.
Second output shaft 22 is same to be arranged in parallel with two input shafts, second output shaft 22 is set with five gear driven gear 5b and six gear driven gear 6b, five gear driven gear 5b and five keep off driving gear 5a and directly engage, six gear driven gear 6b and four or six keep off driving gear 46a and directly engage, second output shaft 22 is also provided with five gear synchro 5c and six gear synchro 6c, five gear synchro 5c are used for synchronous with the second output shaft 22 for five gear driven gear 5b, and six gear synchro 6c are used for synchronous with the second output shaft 22 for six gear driven gear 6b.
First output shaft 21 is also fixedly installed the first output shaft output gear 211, second output shaft 22 is also fixedly installed the second output shaft output gear 221, first output shaft output gear 211 and the second output shaft output gear 221 engages with main reduction gear driven gear 74 respectively.
Motor mechanical axis 3 and two input shafts, two output shafts be arranged in parallel, motor mechanical axis 3 is set with motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor mechanical axis first gear 31 is positioned at left side, and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 is positioned at right side.Motor mechanical axis 3 is also provided with motor mechanical axis synchro 33c, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c between motor mechanical axis first gear 31 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c be used for optionally by synchronous with motor mechanical axis 3 for motor mechanical axis first gear 31 or by motor mechanical axis second gear 32 and motor mechanical axis 3 synchronous.
Motor mechanical axis first gear 31 keeps off driving gear 2a transmission by the intermediate idler 72 and two of empty set on the second output shaft 22, and motor mechanical axis second gear 32 engages with the motor gear 71 be fixedly installed on the second output shaft 22.First dynamotor 51 is coaxially connected with motor mechanical axis 3.
Below the typical condition of power drive system 100 shown in Fig. 1 is described in detail.
Parking charging operating mode:
The input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the second mouth 22d and disconnects with the first mouth 21d, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31, thus the power that driving engine 4 exports passes to the first dynamotor 51 through the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d, the second mouth 22d, the second input shaft 12, two after keeping off driving gear 2a, intermediate idler 72, motor mechanical axis first gear 31, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c, motor mechanical axis 3 successively, thus the first dynamotor 51 is driven to generate electricity.
Constant-speed ratio charging can be realized under this operating mode, energy transfer efficiency is higher, and selecting about speed ratio, the maximum speed of revolution allowed with the additional components such as type selecting and periphery bearing of rotating speed during driving engine 4 parking, the first dynamotor 51 has direct relation, for the ordinary skill in the art, can comprehensively above etc. factor consider, the corresponding transmission speed ratio of flexible design, make power drive system 100 can utilize the energy of driving engine 4 substantially when power generation in parking, reach fast charge object.In brief, during power by the second input shaft 12, intermediate idler 72, motor mechanical axis first gear 31, this path transmission driving engine 4 of motor mechanical axis 3, be the object that can realize the charging of best constant-speed ratio, improve the fuel economy of charge efficiency and driving engine.
Pure electronic operating mode:
Path one: motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports exports the second input shaft 12 to by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, intermediate idler 72, two or four gear synchro 24c engage two gear driven gear 2b or four gear driven gear 4b, thus the power of the first dynamotor 51 exports by second gear pair or four gear gear pairs.
Path two: the power that motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages the output of motor mechanical axis second gear 32, first dynamotor 51 is exported from the second output shaft 22 by motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor gear 71.
Thus, under power drive system 100 is in pure electronic operating mode, the first dynamotor 51 can output power to wheel by above-mentioned two paths with different speed ratio, thus drives vehicle to travel.In brief, being undertaken by the first dynamotor 51 starting to walk, suddenly to accelerate, climb, the situation such as to run at a constant speed under, different optimum speed ratios can be selected respectively, thus make the first dynamotor 51 work efficiency the highest.
The mixed condition scheme one of starting building of each gear:
Power drive system 100 be in a gear mixed start building condition time, one or three gear synchro 13c engage a gear driven gear 1b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the first mouth 21d and disconnects with the second mouth 22d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis second gear 32.Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports is exported from the first output shaft 21 by the first input shaft 11, first gear pair, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports is exported from the second output shaft 22 by motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor gear 71, two parts power is finally coupled at main reduction gear driven gear 74 place, and the power after coupling distributes to the wheel of both sides from diff 75.
Under the mixed condition of starting building of this gear, the first dynamotor 51 can carry out speed governing, thus makes main reduction gear driven gear 74 synchronously can receive power from driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 evenly, improves ride comfort, the harmony of transmission.
Power drive system 100 be in two gears mixed start building condition time, two or four gear synchro 24c engage two gear driven gear 2b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the second mouth 22d and disconnects with the first mouth 21d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis second gear 32.Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports is exported from the first output shaft 21 by the second input shaft 12, second gear pair, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports is exported from the second output shaft 22 by motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor gear 71, two parts power is finally coupled at main reduction gear driven gear 74 place, and the power after coupling distributes to the wheel of both sides from diff 75.
Under the mixed condition of starting building of this gear, the first dynamotor 51 can carry out speed governing, thus makes main reduction gear driven gear 74 synchronously can receive power from driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 evenly, improves ride comfort, the harmony of transmission.
Power drive system 100 be in three gears mixed start building condition time, to be in the mixed condition of starting building of a gear similar with power drive system 100, difference is that one or three gear synchro 13c engage three gear driven gear 3b, the power of driving engine 4 is exported by three gear gear pairs, all the other keep off mixed dynamic transmission substantially with one roughly the same, repeat no more here.
Power drive system 100 be in four gears mixed start building condition time, to be in the mixed condition of starting building of two gears similar with power drive system 100, difference is that two or four gear synchro 24c engage four gear driven gear 4b, the power of driving engine 4 is exported by four gear gear pairs, all the other keep off mixed dynamic transmission substantially with two roughly the same, repeat no more here.
Power drive system 100 be in five gears mixed start building condition time, five gear synchro 5c engage five gear driven gear 5b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the first mouth 21d and disconnects with the second mouth 22d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis second gear 32.Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports is exported from the second output shaft 22 by the first input shaft 11, five gear gear pair, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports is exported from the second output shaft 22 by motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor gear 71, two parts power is coupled on the second output shaft 22, and the power after coupling distributes to the wheel of both sides from diff 75.
Under the mixed condition of starting building of this gear, the first dynamotor 51 can carry out speed governing, thus makes the second output shaft 22 synchronously can receive power from driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 evenly, improves ride comfort, the harmony of transmission.
Power drive system 100 be in six gears mixed start building condition time, six gear synchro 6c engage six gear driven gear 6b, power is all exported to the second output shaft 22 by driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51, distributes to the wheel of both sides after two parts power coupling from diff 75.
The mixed condition scheme two of starting building of each gear:
Power drive system 100 be in a gear mixed start building condition time, one or three gear synchro 13c engage a gear driven gear 1b, two or four gear synchro 24c engage two gear driven gear 2b and (export from second gear pair for the first dynamotor 51 power, certainly also can export from four gear gear pairs), the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the first mouth 21d and disconnects with the second mouth 22d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31.
Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports exports the first output shaft 21 to by the first input shaft 11, first gear pair, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports exports the first output shaft 21 to by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, intermediate idler 72, second gear pair, two or four gear synchro 24c, two parts power is coupled on the first output shaft 21, and the power after coupling distributes to the wheel of both sides from diff 75.
Under the mixed condition of starting building of this gear, the first dynamotor 51 can carry out speed governing, thus makes the first output shaft 21 synchronously can receive power from driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 evenly, improves ride comfort, the harmony of transmission.
Power drive system 100 be in two gears mixed start building condition time, two or four gear synchro 24c engage two gear driven gear 2b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the second mouth 22d and disconnects with the first mouth 21d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31.Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports exports second gear pair to by the second input shaft 12, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports exports second gear pair to by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, intermediate idler 72, two parts power is coupled in second gear pair, and power first output shaft 21 after coupling exports.
Under the mixed condition of starting building of this gear, the first dynamotor 51 can carry out speed governing, thus makes the secondary power that can synchronously receive evenly from driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 of second gear, improves ride comfort, the harmony of transmission.
Power drive system 100 be in three gears mixed start building condition time, to be in the mixed condition of starting building of a gear similar with power drive system 100, difference is that one or three gear synchro 13c engage three gear driven gear 3b, the power of driving engine 4 is exported by three gear gear pairs, all the other keep off mixed dynamic transmission substantially with one roughly the same, repeat no more here.
For the mixed condition of starting building of four gears, because two or four gear gear pairs share two or four gear synchro 24c, therefore cannot realize the mixed condition of starting building of four gears in this mode.
Power drive system 100 be in five gears mixed start building condition time, five gear synchro 5c engage five gear driven gear 5b, two or four gear synchro 24c engage two gear driven gear 2b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the first mouth 21d and disconnects with the second mouth 22d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31.
Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports exports the second output shaft 22 to by the first input shaft 11, five gear gear pair, the power that first dynamotor 51 exports exports the first output shaft 21 to by motor mechanical axis first gear 31, intermediate idler 72, second gear pair, two or four gear synchro 24c, two parts power is coupled at main reduction gear driven gear 74 place, and the power after coupling distributes to the wheel of both sides from diff 75.
Under the mixed condition of starting building of this gear, the first dynamotor 51 can carry out speed governing, thus makes main reduction gear driven gear 74 synchronously can receive power from driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51 evenly, improves ride comfort, the harmony of transmission.
Power drive system 100 be in six gears mixed start building condition time, six gear synchro 6c engage six gear driven gear 6b, with five keep off mixed dynamic similar, power output after the coupling of main reduction gear driven gear 74 place of driving engine 4 and the first dynamotor 51.
It should be noted that, above-mentioned each gear mixes condition scheme two of starting building and illustrates for two or four gear synchro 24c joint two gear driven gear 2b, certainly under this pattern, two or four gear synchro 24c also can engage four gear driven gear 4b, the now mixed dynamic principle of each gear and above-mentioned unanimous on the whole, repeats here no longer one by one.And be understandable that, cannot realize the mixed condition of starting building of two gears engage the pattern of four gear driven gear 4b at two or four gear synchro 24c under, it is mixed dynamic consistent that principle and above-mentioned pattern cannot realize four gears.
To sum up, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to actual needs, the mixed arbitrarily dynamic path selecting above-mentioned any each gear to mix neatly to start building condition scheme one and each gear to mix to start building in condition scheme two, greatly enrich the transmission mode of power drive system 100, improve Driving, enable vehicle adapt to different road conditions better, improve dynamic property, the fuel economy of vehicle.
Driving limit, driving engine limit charging operating mode scheme one:
When power drive system 100 is in a rib driving limit charging operating mode, one or three gear synchro 13c engage a gear driven gear 1b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages with the first mouth 21d and disconnects with the second mouth 22d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis second gear 32.Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports is exported from the first output shaft 21 by the first input shaft 11, first gear pair, simultaneously from the anti-energy that drags of wheel by exporting the first dynamotor 51 to after the second output shaft 22, motor gear 71, motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor mechanical axis 3, thus drive the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
When power drive system 100 is in two ribs driving limit charging operating modes, two or four gear synchro 24c engage two gear driven gear 2b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages with the second mouth 22d and disconnects with the first mouth 21d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31.Thus a part of power that driving engine 4 exports is exported from the first output shaft 21 by the second input shaft 12, second gear pair, another part power that driving engine 4 exports by exporting to the first dynamotor 51 after the second input shaft 12, intermediate idler 72, motor mechanical axis first gear 31, motor mechanical axis 3, thus drives the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
Power drive system 100 be in three ribs drive limits charging operating mode time, with power drive system 100 be in a rib drives limit charge operating mode time basically identical, difference is that now one or three gear synchro 13c joints three keep off driven gear 3b.
Power drive system 100 be in four ribs drive limits charging operating mode time, with power drive system 100 be in two ribs drives limit charge operating mode time basically identical, difference is that now two or four gear synchro 24c joints four keep off driven gear 4b.
When power drive system 100 is in five ribs driving limit charging operating modes, five gear synchro 5c engage five gear driven gear 5b, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages with the first mouth 21d and disconnects with the second mouth 22d, and motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis second gear 32.Thus the power that driving engine 4 exports is exported from the second output shaft 22 by the first input shaft 11, five gear gear pair, partial power simultaneously on the second output shaft 22 also by exporting the first dynamotor 51 to after motor gear 71, motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor mechanical axis 3, thus drives the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
When power drive system 100 is in six ribs driving limit charging operating modes, six gear synchro 6c engage six gear driven gear 6b, with five keep off similar, now a part of power of driving engine 4 is exported by six gear gear pairs, the second output shaft 22, and another part Power output generates electricity to the first dynamotor 51 to drive it.
Driving limit, driving engine 4 limit charging operating mode scheme two:
In driving limit, driving engine 4 limit charging operating mode scheme one presented hereinbefore, double-clutch 2d all only has a power-transfer clutch to carry out engaging work when transmission, such as its input end 23d engages with the first mouth 21d or input end 23d engages with the second mouth 22d, especially, according to the power drive system 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, when the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages with the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d simultaneously, driving limit, limit charging operating mode also can be realized.
With this understanding, when power drive system 100 is in a rib driving limit charging operating mode, the input end 23d of double-clutch 2d engages the first mouth 21d and the second mouth 22d simultaneously, one or three gear synchro 13c engage a gear driven gear 1b, motor mechanical axis synchro 33c engages motor mechanical axis first gear 31, thus a part of power that driving engine 4 exports is by the first input shaft 11, first gear pair exports from the first output shaft 21, another part power that driving engine 4 exports is from the second input shaft 12, intermediate idler 72, motor mechanical axis first gear 31, the first dynamotor 51 exported in motor mechanical axis 3, thus drive the first dynamotor 51 to generate electricity.
With this understanding, when power drive system 100 is in three ribs driving limit charging operating modes or is in five ribs driving limits charging operating modes, being in a rib with above-mentioned power drive system 100 drives limit operating mode of charging roughly the same, difference is, during three gear transmissions, one or three gear synchro 13c engage three gear driven gear 3b, and during five gear transmissions, five keep off synchro 5c and engage five gear driven gear 5b and power exports from the second output shaft 22.
To sum up, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to actual needs, select any drive path charged in operating mode scheme one and driving limit, driving engine limit charging operating mode scheme two in driving limit, above-mentioned driving engine limit neatly, greatly enrich the transmission mode of power drive system 100, improve Driving, enable vehicle adapt to different road conditions better, improve dynamic property, the fuel economy of vehicle.And, in some above-mentioned driving limits, driving engine limit charging operating mode, when the partial power relating to driving engine is by the second input shaft 12, intermediate idler 72, motor mechanical axis first gear 31, this path transmission of motor mechanical axis 3, be the object that can realize the charging of best constant-speed ratio, thus improve the fuel economy of charge efficiency and driving engine.
To reverse gear operating mode:
Power drive system 100 be in reverse gear pattern time, the power that motor mechanical axis synchro 33c synchronous dynamo dynamical axis 3 and motor mechanical axis second gear 32, first dynamotor 51 export is by exporting from the second output shaft 22 after motor mechanical axis 3, motor mechanical axis second gear 32, motor gear 71.
Embodiment two-embodiment five:
As Figure 2-Figure 5, power drive system 100 in these some embodiments is to add rear wheel drive structure with the key distinction of the power drive system 100 shown in Fig. 1, mainly add the structures such as the 3rd genemotor 201, the 4th dynamotor 301 and anti-skidding synchro 503, specifically see the above-mentioned description to electronic differential lock construction, can repeat no more here.
Embodiment six:
As shown in Figure 6, change-speed box 101 in this embodiment is to eliminate the structures such as driving engine 4, double-clutch 2d, the first dynamotor 51 and diff with the key distinction of the power drive system 100 shown in Fig. 1, remainder is substantially identical with Fig. 1 embodiment, repeats no more here.
In addition, the vehicle comprising power drive system 100 as above is further provided according to embodiments of the invention.Should be understood that, all be well known for ordinary skill in the art for prior art as driving system, steering swivel system, brake system etc. according to other configuration example of the vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention, therefore the detailed description of conventional construction omitted herein.
In the description of this specification sheets, specific features, structure, material or feature that the description of reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to describe in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term not must for be identical embodiment or example.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can combine in an appropriate manner in any one or more embodiment or example.In addition, the different embodiment described in this specification sheets or example can carry out engaging and combining by those skilled in the art.
Although illustrate and describe embodiments of the invention above, be understandable that, above-described embodiment is exemplary, can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention, and those of ordinary skill in the art can change above-described embodiment within the scope of the invention, revises, replace and modification.

Claims (13)

1. for a change-speed box for vehicle, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Multiple input shaft, each described input shaft is provided with gear driving gear;
Multiple output shaft, each described output shaft is provided with gear driven gear, and described gear driven gear engages accordingly with described gear driving gear;
Output shaft output gear and motor gear, described output shaft output gear is arranged on each described output shaft, and described motor gear is fixedly installed on in described output shaft;
Motor mechanical axis, described motor mechanical axis overhead cover is provided with motor power axle first gear and motor mechanical axis second gear, described motor mechanical axis first gear is arranged to link with one of them gear driving gear, described motor mechanical axis second gear is arranged to link with described motor gear, described motor mechanical axis is also provided with the motor mechanical axis synchro between described motor mechanical axis first gear and described motor mechanical axis second gear;
Described input shaft comprises: the first input shaft and the second input shaft, and described second input shaft is set on described first input shaft coaxially;
Described multiple output shaft comprises: the first output shaft and the second output shaft, and described first output shaft and described second output shaft and input shaft be arranged in parallel;
Described first input shaft is provided with a gear driving gear, three gear driving gears and five gear driving gears, described second input shaft is provided with two gear driving gears and four or six gear driving gears;
Described first output shaft is provided with a gear driven gear, two gear driven gears, three gear driven gears and four gear driven gears, described second output shaft is provided with five gear driven gears and six gear driven gears; And
A described gear driven gear and described three keeps off and is provided with one or three between driven gear and keeps off synchro, described two gear driven gears and described four keep off and are provided with two or four between driven gear and keep off synchro, the side of described five gear driven gears is provided with five gear synchros, and the side of described six gear driven gears is provided with six gear synchros.
2. the change-speed box for vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described output shaft output gear comprises: the first output shaft output gear and the second output shaft output gear, described first output shaft output gear is fixedly installed on described first output shaft, described second output shaft output gear is fixedly installed on described second output shaft, and described first output shaft output gear and described second output shaft output gear engage with the main reduction gear driven gear of described vehicle respectively.
3. the change-speed box for vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described motor gear is fixed on described second output shaft.
4. the change-speed box for vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described motor mechanical axis first gear keeps off driving gear transmission by intermediate idler and two.
5. for a power drive system for vehicle, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Change-speed box, described change-speed box is the change-speed box according to any one of claim 1-4; And
First dynamotor, described first dynamotor is arranged to link with described motor mechanical axis.
6. the power drive system for vehicle according to claim 5, is characterized in that,
Described change-speed box is for according to the change-speed box described in claim 1; And
Described power drive system also comprises:
Driving engine and double-clutch, described double-clutch has input end, the first mouth and the second mouth, described driving engine is connected with described input end, and described first mouth is connected with described first input shaft, and described second mouth is connected with described second input shaft.
7. the power drive system for vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, wherein a part of power can be exported to wheel using the power travelled as described vehicle by wherein output shaft by conjugation while described input end and described first mouth and described second mouth and another part power is exported to described first dynamotor by described motor mechanical axis first gear generate electricity to drive described first dynamotor by described driving engine.
8. the power drive system for vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, when described vehicle is in parked state, described driving engine is arranged to export the power of generation to described first dynamotor by described motor mechanical axis first gear and is generated electricity to drive described first dynamotor.
9. the power drive system for vehicle according to claim 6, is characterized in that, also comprise: the second dynamotor, wherein
The main reduction gear driven gear transmission of described second dynamotor and described vehicle; Or
Described second dynamotor is connected with the first output shaft; Or
Described second dynamotor is connected with described first input shaft; Or
The main reduction gear driven gear of described vehicle is arranged on diff, and described second dynamotor is two and is separately positioned on the both sides of described diff.
10. the power drive system for vehicle according to claim 6, is characterized in that,
Described driving engine and/or described first dynamotor are for driving pair of wheels; And
The described power drive system for vehicle also comprises:
3rd dynamotor and the 4th dynamotor, described 3rd dynamotor is arranged to link with in second pair of wheel, described 4th dynamotor is arranged to link with another in described second pair of wheel, described pair of wheels is a pair in front-wheel and trailing wheel, and described second pair of wheel is other a pair in described front-wheel and described trailing wheel;
Anti-skidding synchro, described anti-skidding synchro is arranged to optionally synchronously described second pair of wheel, thus makes described second pair of wheel synchronous rotary.
11. power drive systems for vehicle according to claim 10, is characterized in that,
The first power take-off shaft that described 3rd dynamotor is corresponding is provided with the first gear, and the described wheel that described 3rd dynamotor is corresponding is connected with the first semiaxis, and described first semiaxis is provided with the second gear; The described power drive system for vehicle also comprises the 3rd gear and the 4th gear, described 3rd gear and described first gears meshing and described 4th gear and described second gears meshing, described 3rd gear and described 4th gear coaxially arranged and can synchronous rotary; And
The second power take-off shaft that described 4th dynamotor is corresponding is provided with the 5th gear, and the described wheel that described 4th dynamotor is corresponding is connected with the second semiaxis, described second semiaxis is provided with the 6th gear; The described power drive system for vehicle also comprises the 7th gear and octadentate wheel, described 7th gear and described 5th gears meshing and described octadentate are taken turns and described 6th gears meshing, and described 7th gear and described octadentate are taken turns coaxially arranged and can synchronous rotary; Wherein
Described anti-skidding synchro to be arranged on described first semiaxis and to be arranged to optionally engage described 6th gear; Or
Described anti-skidding synchro to be arranged on described first power take-off shaft corresponding to the 3rd dynamotor and to be arranged to optionally engage described 5th gear; Or
Described 3rd gear and described 4th gear are fixed on the first gear wheel shaft, and described 7th gear and described octadentate are taken turns and be fixed on the second gear wheel shaft; And described anti-skidding synchro to be arranged on described first gear wheel shaft and to be arranged to optionally engage described 7th gear.
12. power drive systems for vehicle according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, first power take-off shaft corresponding to described 3rd dynamotor and corresponding described wheel are coaxially connected and the second power take-off shaft corresponding to described 4th dynamotor is coaxially connected with corresponding described wheel, and described anti-skidding synchro to be arranged on the first power take-off shaft corresponding to described 3rd dynamotor and to be arranged to optionally engage the second power take-off shaft corresponding to described 4th dynamotor.
13. 1 kinds of vehicles, is characterized in that, comprise the power drive system for vehicle according to any one of claim 5-12.
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