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Wireless independent fire hazard alarm, evacuation and fire extinguishing system

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Publication number
CN104835282A
CN104835282A CN 201510217458 CN201510217458A CN104835282A CN 104835282 A CN104835282 A CN 104835282A CN 201510217458 CN201510217458 CN 201510217458 CN 201510217458 A CN201510217458 A CN 201510217458A CN 104835282 A CN104835282 A CN 104835282A
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module
fire
hazard
alarm
evacuation
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CN 201510217458
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Chinese (zh)
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官洪运
张慧
路昊
卢博欣
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东华大学
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C37/00Control of fire-fighting equipment
    • A62C37/36Control of fire-fighting equipment an actuating signal being generated by a sensor separate from an outlet device
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B17/00Fire alarms; Alarms responsive to explosion
    • G08B17/10Actuation by presence of smoke or gases automatic alarm devices for analysing flowing fluid materials by the use of optical means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/10Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using wireless transmission systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a wireless independent fire hazard alarm, evacuation and fire extinguishing system. The system comprises a fire hazard smoke detection module, a remote alarm module, an emergency evacuation escape module and an automatic water spraying module. The fire hazard smoke detection module, the remote alarm module, the emergency evacuation escape module and the automatic water spraying module are respectively provided with an only ID code, and transmit and receive data with each other through wireless gateways. The smoke detection module is used for detecting a fire hazard, and sends the detected fire hazard information to the remote alarm module, the emergency evacuation escape module and the automatic water spraying module. The remote alarm module is used for on-site warning, short message warning and remote monitoring. The emergency evacuation escape module is used for indicating the position of the fire hazard and evacuating crowds. The automatic water spraying module is used for partially spraying water to prevent fire from spreading. By employing the system, alarms can be given immediately when the fire hazard occurs, vehicles can be effectively evacuated, and fire can be automatically extinguished.

Description

一种无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统 A wireless freestanding fire alarm and fire extinguishing system evacuation

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及消防技术领域,特别是涉及一种无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统。 [0001] Technical Field The present invention relates to a fire, particularly to a stand-alone wireless fire alarm and fire evacuation system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 古镇,是指建造历史比较久远的古建筑群。 [0002] town, refers to the construction of more distant history of ancient buildings. 古镇的建筑绝大多数都是木结构或砖木结构,存在可燃物多,火灾荷载大,耐火等级低,疏散通道狭窄,安全出口缺少等先天不足,再加上后天的隐患,一旦发生火灾,极易发生火烧连营的情况,造成重大人员伤亡和财产损失。 The overwhelming majority of the town's building brick or wood structure, the presence of combustible materials, large fire load, fire resistance rating is low, narrow evacuation routes, such as the lack of export safety deficiencies, coupled with the acquired risks, in the event of fire, very Huoshaolianying situation prone, causing heavy casualties and property losses.

[0003] 古镇之所以被称为古镇就是因为其年代久远,一般古镇至少都有百年以上的历史。 [0003] The reason why the town is called because of its age-old town, town generally have at least more than a century of history. 古镇的建筑基本上也是同时代的建筑或后来修善过的,只有很少一部分是新修的,且为仿古建筑,耐火等级较低。 The town is basically building construction contemporary or later rehabilitated before, only a small part is newly built, and for the antique building, a lower fire rating. 以重庆市江津区中山古镇和塘河古镇为例,90 %以上的建筑都是砖木结构甚至全木结构。 To Jiangjin Zhongshan District and River town, for example, more than 90 percent of the buildings are brick and even all-wood structure. 单一建筑结构构件的耐火极限十份重要,而建筑整体的耐火性能是保证建筑结构在火灾时不发生较大破坏的根本,但古建筑因为历史的原因,本身就存在了先天的不足。 Fire resistance of structural members of a single building ten important, and the fire resistance of the building as a whole is to ensure that there is a greater fundamental building structure is not damaged in a fire, but the ancient buildings because of historical reasons, itself, there is the inherent deficiencies.

[0004] 古镇建筑的年代久远,其建造时期没有消防方面的规范,百姓也没有消防意识,造成古建筑一幢挨着一幢,一旦发生火灾,极易发生火烧连营,中山古镇几十年前就曾发生过一次火灾,那一次火灾涉及到了古镇的半条街。 [0004] The age-old town building, its construction period there are no standard fire safety of the people had no awareness on fire, resulting in an ancient building next to an event of fire, Huoshaolianying easily occur, Zhongshan decades once before had a fire, a fire that involved half the street of the town.

[0005] 由于历史原因,造成古镇现在的消防设施严重不足,一是没有消防车道,消防车道是为了在建筑发生火灾时便于消防扑救而设置的,而古镇的道路一般都比较狭窄,消防车根本无法通行。 [0005] Due to historical reasons, the town is now causing a serious shortage of fire-fighting facilities, one does not fire road, fire road is to facilitate fire fighting and set fire in the building, and town roads are generally narrow, simply fire engines impassable. 二是建筑内部的疏散走道狭窄,安全出口缺少,多数建筑只有一个楼梯,且只有半米左右的宽度,发生火灾后,人员逃生困难。 Second, inside the building evacuation corridors narrow, lack of emergency exits, most buildings have only one staircase, and only about half a meter width, after the fire, personnel escape difficult. 三是消火栓缺乏,大多数古镇均未设置室内外消火栓,消防用水无法保证,给火灾的扑救带来了很大的困难。 Third, the lack of fire hydrants, most of the town do not set fire hydrant, fire water can not be guaranteed, to put out the fire brought great difficulties.

[0006] 一是古镇建筑内外的电气线路都是后来增加的,大多数都是沿着屋顶和墙角直接明敷的,且电线老化,私拉乱接,线路混乱等现象严重;二是古镇由于受城区面积的影响,地摊铺面一个接一个,有的甚至是仓库、铺面、吃住为一体的“三合一”场所。 [0006] First, the inside and outside of town building electrical circuits are later additions, mostly along the roof and the corner directly for surface, and aging wires, pull random access private line confusion is serious; the second is due to the town the affected area of ​​the city, a pavement stall after another, and some are even warehouses, pavement, room and board as one of the "triple play" place. 随着现在游客越来越多,居民每天做饭使用的液化气灶、甚至烧柴生火等明火的频率也越来越高,造成了很大的隐患。 As more and more tourists, residents of cooking gas stoves use every day, and even firewood fire and other fire higher and higher frequencies, resulting in a lot of hidden dangers.

[0007] 古镇大多离城区较远,公安消防机构对其进行的消防宣传较少,加之随着经济的发展大多年轻人都外出打工或迀居到城区里,大多都是一些老年人、妇女、儿童在家留守、经营,给消防知识的普及带来了难度,造成了后天的隐患。 [0007] Most of the ancient town far from the city, less fire prevention public security fire control institutions them, coupled with the economic development of most young people are migrant workers or Gan living in the city, most of them are some elderly people, women, children staying at home, business, to popularize knowledge of fire brought difficulty, resulting in acquired risk. 有的居民为了经济利益,将原本的住宅擅自更改为集吃、住为一体的客栈,人为增加了火灾的危险性。 Some residents for financial gain, the original residential unauthorized changes to food, housing as one of the inn, artificially increasing the risk of fire. 同时居民的消防知识也比较匮乏,多数居民不知道灭火器怎么使用,不知道怎样灭火逃生,更不了解现代化的消防设施。 Meanwhile residents of the fire of knowledge is relatively scarce, most residents do not know how to use a fire extinguisher, do not know how the fire escape, but do not understand the modern fire-fighting facilities.

[0008] 近几年我国多处古镇发生火灾,2014年I月11日凌晨,云南香格里拉独克宗古镇发生火灾,1300年历史的古城核心区变成废墟,财产损失上亿,大量文物损毁;2014年I月25日晚,贵州省镇远县报京乡报京侗寨发生大火,300年历史的侗族村寨被烧毁,当地侗文化遭毁;2014年4月6日凌晨,云南省丽江市的束河古镇一商铺发生火灾,导致10间铺面损毁。 [0008] In recent years, many of the ancient town fire, May 11, 2014 I am, Yunnan Shangri-La Dukezong town fire in 1300-old city core area reduced to rubble, the loss of property billion in damage to a large number of cultural relics; the evening of May 25, 2014 I, Zhenyuan County, Guizhou Province, the Beijing News newspaper Beijing Dong village township fire broke out, 300-year-old Dong villages were burned, local Dong culture were destroyed; April 6, 2014 morning, Yunnan Province, Lijiang City Shuhe a shop fire, resulting in 10 pavement damage. 这一场场大火吞没的不仅有财产,更有那些古建筑所承载的历史记忆和文化信息,让人心痛。 This is a big fire engulfed not only own property, more of those historical memory and cultural information carried by ancient buildings, heartbreak. 因此设计一套完整的火灾报警、疏散逃生与灭火系统对于古镇文化遗产的保护至关重要。 Therefore, the design of a complete fire alarm, evacuation escape and fire protection system is essential for the cultural heritage of the town.

[0009] 现有的古镇火灾报警系统通常只能在发生火灾时进行集中报警,即按照现有的国家标准,只能在值班室等地方进行远程报警,无法在古镇现场进行独立报警并响起警报声。 [0009] the existing fire alarm systems usually only town centralized alarm in case of fire, that is in accordance with existing national standards, only remote alarm in the duty room and other places, can not be independent alarm sounded in the town site and alerts sound. 此外,由于古建筑内部的疏散走道狭窄,安全出口较少,现有的古镇火灾报警系统无法及时准确地指示逃生路线以及疏散古镇内的车量,导致消防车很难进入古镇内部实施救火;同时,现有的古镇火灾报警系统没有自动喷淋功能,从而无法在火灾发生初期进行局部灭火,即无法对火势进行暂时的控制,导致火势愈演愈烈。 In addition, since ancient narrow aisle inside the building evacuation, less safe exit, the town of existing fire alarm system can not be timely and accurate indication of the amount of escape routes and evacuation vehicles in the town, leading to the implementation of fire is difficult to enter the interior town fire; at the same time , a conventional fire alarm system does not automatically town spray function, which can not be localized in the early stages of a fire extinguishing, i.e., fire temporarily unable to control, resulting in the fire intensified.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0010] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,能够在火灾发生时立刻进行报警,并能有效疏散车辆以及自动灭火。 [0010] The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide a stand-alone wireless fire alarm and fire suppression system evacuation can be performed when the fire alarm immediately and effectively evacuate the vehicle and automatic fire extinguishing.

[0011] 本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:提供一种无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,包括火灾烟雾探测模块、远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块,所述火灾烟雾探测模块、远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块均设有唯一的ID编码,通过无线网管进行相互之间的数据发送与接收;所述火灾烟雾探测模块用于探测火灾,并将探测到的火灾信息发送给所述远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块;所述远程报警模块用于进行现场报警、短信报警与远程监控;所述紧急疏散逃生模块用于指示火灾发生的位置并疏散人群;所述自动水雾喷淋模块用于进行局部水雾喷淋控制火势蔓延。 [0011] aspect of the present invention to solve the technical problem are: to provide a stand-alone wireless fire alarm, evacuation and extinguishing system, including smoke fire detection module, the remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module spray mist module, the smoke fire detection module, the remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module has a unique ID code for data transmission and reception between each other through a wireless network; fire the smoke detector means for fire detection fire information, and the detected transmission to the remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module; alarm module for the remote site alarm, alarm and remote monitor message; the emergency evacuation escape means for indicating the location of fire and evacuation; means for the automatic spray mist spray mist local control the spread of fire.

[0012] 所述火灾烟雾探测模块包括烟雾传感器和无线发射模块;所述烟雾传感器采用光电式的烟雾传感器,用于判断是否发生火灾,一旦判断出发生火灾时,由无线发射模块向无线网管发送火灾信息。 [0012] The fire smoke detection module comprises a smoke sensor and a wireless transmitter module; smoke sensor using the photoelectric smoke sensor, for determining whether a fire occurs, the fire once determined, transmitted from the wireless transmitter to the wireless network module fire information.

[0013] 所述远程报警模块包括GSM模块和远程监控CRT ;当发生火灾时,GSM模块接收到无线网管的火灾信息后将该火灾信息发送给消防部门,并且还将该火灾信息发送到分管区域的工作人员的移动终端上;其中,发送给每个工作人员的报警短信会通过无线发送到所述远程监控CRT上记录和存档。 [0013] The remote alarm module includes a GSM module and a remote monitoring the CRT; When a fire occurs, the GSM module sending fire information upon receiving the fire information of the wireless network to the fire department, and also transmits the charge information to the fire area mobile terminal staff; wherein the alarm message sent to each of the staff will be sent to the remote monitoring recording and archiving the wireless CRT.

[0014] 所述GSM模块周期性地向分管区域的工作人员发送火灾信息。 [0014] The GSM module periodically transmitting information to the personnel in charge of the fire area.

[0015] 所述紧急疏散逃生模块包括紧急疏散广播接收器、行人疏散诱导指示灯和车辆疏散诱导指示灯;当紧急疏散广播接收器收到无线网管发来的火灾信息时,分布在各个区域的紧急疏散广播接收器立即播报火灾发生的具体位置,并点亮行人疏散诱导指示灯,指示行人按照点亮的紧急疏散通道方向快速逃生;点亮车辆疏散诱导指示灯,指挥车辆按照指示灯的方向有序撤离现场并给消防车让出行驶通道。 [0015] The emergency evacuation escape evacuation module comprises a broadcast receiver, a pedestrian and a vehicle lamp evacuation evacuation induced induction lamp; emergency evacuation when the broadcast receiver receives the wireless network information is sent to the fire, distributed in various regions of emergency evacuation multicast broadcast receiver specific location immediately fires, lighting and pedestrian induced evacuation lights, indicating lights according pedestrian emergency evacuation escape fast channel direction; induced evacuation vehicle lighting lamp, according to the command vehicle direction indicator ordered to leave the scene and let the fire travel channel.

[0016] 所述自动水雾喷淋模块包括自下而上依次连接的自来水管、无线增压控制器、增压泵和高压喷嘴;当发生火灾时,无线增压控制器会收到无线网管发来的火灾信息后增大内部压强,对其上面连接的增压泵的驱动活塞施加压力,使得自来水管终端水能够从高压喷嘴中喷出。 [0016] The automatic mist spray module comprises a water pipe, wireless booster controller, and a high pressure booster pump connected to the nozzle from bottom to top; when a fire occurs, the wireless radio network receive booster controller after increasing the fire information is sent to the internal pressure, the booster pump is connected to its upper drive piston pressure is applied, so that the water pipe water can be discharged from the high pressure end of the nozzle.

[0017] 所述系统应用于古镇、住房、商场、仓库、或歌剧院。 The [0017] system is applied to town, housing, shopping centers, warehouses, or Opera.

[0018] 有益效果 [0018] beneficial effects

[0019] 由于采用了上述的技术方案,本发明与现有技术相比,具有以下的优点和积极效果:本发明能同时进行三项工作。 [0019] By adopting the technical solution of the present invention compared to the prior art, it has the following advantages and positive effects: the present invention can perform three tasks simultaneously. 第一,起火点现场报警,并通过GSM模块和远程CRT,进行短信报警与远程监控;第二,通过消防广播播报火灾发生的具体位置,并点亮疏散诱导指示灯,引导人们沿着正确的紧急通道逃生,并快速疏散古镇内的车辆,为消防车让出行驶车道;第三,进行室外自动水雾喷淋,在火灾发生初期进行及时而有效的灭火,并屏蔽火势的蔓延。 First, the fire alarm point site, and the CRT through the GSM module and the remote, for remote monitoring and alarm messages; second, the specific location of the fire by the fire radio broadcast and light the lamp evacuation induction, along the right guide people emergency escape channel, and fast evacuation of a vehicle in the town, as fire engines let out the driving lane; third, outdoor automatic mist spray, timely and effective extinguishing a fire in the early stages, and shielding the spread of fire.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 图1是本发明的系统框图; [0020] FIG. 1 is a system block diagram of the present invention;

[0021] 图2是本发明的总体示意图; [0021] FIG 2 is a general schematic diagram of the present invention;

[0022]图3是紧急疏散逃生模块示意图; [0022] FIG. 3 is a block schematic diagram of the emergency evacuation escape;

[0023]图4是自动水雾喷淋模块示意图。 [0023] FIG. 4 is a block schematic diagram of an automatic spray mist.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0024] 下面结合具体实施例,进一步阐述本发明。 [0024] The following embodiments with reference to specific embodiments, further illustrate the present invention. 应理解,这些实施例仅用于说明本发明而不用于限制本发明的范围。 It should be understood that these embodiments are illustrative only and the present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. 此外应理解,在阅读了本发明讲授的内容之后,本领域技术人员可以对本发明作各种改动或修改,这些等价形式同样落于本申请所附权利要求书所限定的范围。 Furthermore, it should be understood that, after reading the teachings of the present invention, those skilled in the art that various changes or modifications may be made to the present invention, and these equivalents also fall within the scope of the appended claims of the present application as defined.

[0025] 本发明的实施方式涉及一种无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,如图1所示,包括火灾烟雾探测模块、远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块,所述火灾烟雾探测模块、远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块均设有唯一的ID编码,通过无线网管进行相互之间的数据发送与接收;所述火灾烟雾探测模块用于探测火灾,并将探测到的火灾信息发送给所述远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块;所述远程报警模块用于进行现场报警、短信报警与远程监控;所述紧急疏散逃生模块用于指示火灾发生的位置并疏散人群;所述自动水雾喷淋模块用于进行局部水雾喷淋控制火势蔓延。 [0025] Embodiment of the present invention relates to a wireless stand-alone fire alarm and fire evacuation system shown in Figure 1, comprises a fire smoke detection module, remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module, the fire smoke detection module, remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module has a unique ID code for data transmission and reception between each other through a wireless network; fire the smoke detection module in fire detection and fire detection information to transmission to the remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module; alarm module for the remote site alarm, alarm and remote monitor message; the emergency evacuation escape means for indicating the location of fire and evacuation; means for the automatic spray mist spray mist local control the spread of fire.

[0026] 如图2所示,火灾烟雾探测模块为该系统的最前端,当发生火灾时,由该模块通过无线发射模块发送相应信号到无线收发主机(即无线网管),再由无线收发主机将该信息无线转发给系统其他三个模块,通知它们立即开始工作,实施火场救援。 [0026] As shown, the distal most fire smoke detection system module that, when a fire occurs, sent by the module 2 via the wireless signal to transmit a corresponding radio transceiver module host (i.e. wireless network), then the wireless transceiver host forwards the information to the wireless system three other modules, notify them immediately start working to implement fire rescue. 火灾烟雾探测模块由烟雾传感器和无线发射模块组成。 Fire smoke detection by the smoke sensor module and a wireless transmitter module. 其中烟雾传感器采用光电式的,该传感器的检测室内装有发光器件和受光器件。 Wherein the photoelectric type smoke sensor, the sensor detection chamber equipped with a light emitting device and light-receiving device. 在正常情况下,受光器件是接收不到发光器件发出的光的,因而不产生光电流。 Under normal circumstances, a light-receiving device receives light emitted from the light emitting device is not, and therefore does not generate photocurrent. 在发生火灾时,当烟雾进入检测室时,由于烟粒子的作用,使发光器件发射的光产生漫射,这种漫射光被受光器件接收,使受光器件的阻抗发生变化,产生光电流,从而实现了烟雾信号转变为电信号的功能,传感器内的探测器收到信号后判断是否超过阈值,若超过阈值,则通过无线发射模块发出无线报警信号,通知无线收发主机,将火灾信号转发给其他三个模块。 In case of fire, when smoke enters the detection chamber, due to smoke particles, so that the light emitting device emits light generated diffusion, this diffusion by the light device received by the impedance of the light-receiving device is changed, generates a photocurrent, thereby achieve smoke function signals into electrical signals, the probe sensor determines whether the received signal exceeds the threshold value, if the threshold is exceeded, an alarm signal is sent via the wireless radio transmitting module, a wireless transceiver host notification, forwards the signal to another fire three modules.

[0027] 远程报警模块由GSM和远程CRT组成,可进行现场报警、短信报警与远程监控。 [0027] The remote alarm and remote by the GSM module composed of CRT, the alarm may be performed on-site, remote monitoring and alarm messages. 当发生火灾时,GSM模块接收到无线收发主机的报警信号。 When a fire occurs, GSM module receives the alarm signal radio host. 一方面,起火点现场立即报警,并通过GSM模块将火灾发生的地点等相关信息发送给消防部门,通知消防员立即赶往现场救援;另一方面,GSM模块将火灾信息发送到分管古镇内各个区域的保安人员的手机上,这些信息每隔几分钟发送一次,不断督促保安人员管理好自己分管的区域,高效有序地疏散行人与车辆,引导他们沿着点亮的疏散诱导指示灯逃离现场,以便快速给消防车让出行驶车道,保证救火的顺利进行。 On the one hand, the fire alarm point scene immediately, and will be sent through GSM module location and other related information of fire to the fire department, firefighters rushed to the scene to inform the rescue; on the other hand, GSM module sends the information to the fire in the town in charge of each phone security personnel area, the information is sent once every few minutes, constantly supervise security personnel in charge of their own management area, efficient and orderly evacuation of pedestrians and vehicles, guide them fled the scene along evacuation induction lights lit so quick to make a fire truck driving lane, ensure the smooth progress of the fire. 同时,发送给每个保安人员的报警短信会通过无线发送到古镇消防安全的远程监控CRT上,记录、存档每个保安人员接收报警短信的次数及具体时间,便于辖区管理或进行责任追查。 Meanwhile, security personnel sent to each alarm message is sent by wireless remote monitoring CRT to town on fire safety, record, archive each security personnel to receive alarm messages and the number of times a specific time, to facilitate the management of the area or responsibility tracing.

[0028] 如图3所示,紧急疏散逃生模块由紧急疏散广播接收器和疏散诱导指示灯组成。 [0028] 3, evacuated by the evacuation escape module and evacuation broadcast receiver induction indicator lights. 当紧急疏散广播接收器收到无线收发主机发来的火灾信号时,分布在古镇中的紧急疏散广播立即响起,播报火灾发生的具体位置,并安抚古镇内的人们不要惊慌。 When the emergency evacuation broadcast receiver receives radio signals sent by the host fires, emergency evacuation broadcast distributed in the town of rings immediately broadcast the specific location of the fire, and people do not appease the panic town. 同时,点亮行人疏散诱导指示灯,指示行人按照点亮的紧急疏散通道方向快速逃生;以及点亮车辆疏散诱导指示灯,指挥古镇内的车辆按照指示灯的方向有序撤离现场并给消防车让出行驶通道。 Meanwhile, the lighting pedestrian induced evacuation lights, indicating lights according pedestrian emergency evacuation escape fast channel direction; induced evacuation and indicator lights of the vehicle, the vehicle in accordance with the command of town winker orderly evacuation site and to fire let the travel channel.

[0029] 如图4所示,在古镇中,为了在火灾发生初期进行自动灭火,以便在消防车赶到现场前将火势有效地控制住。 [0029] As shown in FIG. 4, in the town in order to perform automatic fire extinguishing in the early, in order to effectively control the fire before the fire scene. 我们设计在每个古建筑的周边适当位置放置自动水雾喷淋装置。 We have designed automatic water mist spray device placed in a suitable place around each of the ancient buildings. 自动水雾喷淋装置由自来水管、无线增压控制器、增压泵和高压喷嘴自下而上构成。 Automatic mist nozzle from the water sprinkler pipes, wireless booster controller, a high pressure booster pump, and a bottom-up configuration. 其工作过程为:当古镇发生火灾时,无线增压控制器会收到无线收发主机发来的火灾信号,从而增大控制器内部的压强。 The working process is: When a fire occurs town, radio booster controller receives radio signals sent by the host fire, thereby increasing the pressure inside the controller. 当无线增压控制器内部的压强增大时,对其上面连接的增压泵的驱动活塞施加一定的压力,当此压力作用于一个小面积活塞上时,产生一个高压,通过一个二位五通气控换向阀,增压泵能够实现连续运行,由单向阀控制的高压柱塞不断将自来水管中的自来水压到一定高度,通过最顶端的可转向细雾高压喷嘴,自动向着火的古建筑大面积、远距离喷洒细雾,形成细雾隔层,控制火势蔓延。 When the pressure inside the pressurized wireless controller increases the drive piston of the booster pump is connected to its above a certain pressure, when the pressure acting on the piston in a small area, a high voltage is generated by a two five ventilation control valve, a booster pump capable of continuous operation, controlled by a check valve piston constantly high pressure water pipe in the water pressure to a certain height, the top of the steerable by fine mist high pressure nozzle, the automatic fire ancient buildings area, a fine mist spray distance, forming a fine mist barrier, control the spread of fire.

[0030] 不难发现,本发明在火灾发生时,能同时进行以下三项工作。 [0030] difficult to find, according to the present invention, in case of fire, the following three tasks can be performed simultaneously.

[0031] 第一,起火点现场报警,并通过GSM模块,进行短信报警与远程监控。 [0031] First, the fire alarm point site, and through the GSM module, short message alarm and remote monitor. 当发生火灾时,GSM模块接收到无线收发主机的报警信号。 When a fire occurs, GSM module receives the alarm signal radio host. 一方面,GSM模块立即将火灾发生的地点等相关信息发送给消防部门,通知消防员立即赶往现场救援;另一方面,GSM模块将火灾信息发送到分管古镇内各个区域的保安人员的手机上,这些信息每隔几分钟发送一次,不断督促保安人员管理好自己分管的区域,高效有序地疏散行人与车辆,引导他们沿着点亮的疏散诱导指示灯逃离现场,以便快速给消防车让出行驶车道,保证救火的顺利进行。 On the one hand, GSM module immediately sends the location of fire and other relevant information to the fire department, firefighters rushed to the scene to inform the rescue; on the other hand, GSM module sends fire to a mobile phone security personnel in charge of each area in the town This information is sent once every few minutes, constantly supervise security personnel in charge of the region to manage their own good, efficient and orderly evacuation of pedestrians and vehicles, guide them fled the scene along evacuation induction lights lit so quickly to allow fire engines the travel lane, ensure the smooth progress of the fire.

[0032] 第二,当紧急疏散广播接收器收到无线收发主机发来的火灾信号时,分布在古镇中的紧急疏散广播立即响起,播报火灾发生的具体位置。 [0032] Second, when the emergency evacuation broadcast receiver receives radio signals sent by the host fire, located in the town emergency evacuation broadcast call immediately, the position of the specific broadcast fires. 一方面,点亮行人疏散诱导指示灯,指示行人按照点亮的紧急疏散通道方向快速逃生;另一方面,点亮车辆疏散诱导指示灯,指挥古镇内的车辆按照指示灯的方向有序撤离现场并给消防车让出行驶车道。 In one aspect, the lighting pedestrian induced evacuation lights, indicating lights according pedestrian emergency evacuation escape fast channel direction; on the other hand, the vehicle lighting indicator induced evacuation vehicles in the town according to the command of the winker orderly evacuation site and to let the fire truck driving lane.

[0033] 第三,我们设计在每个古建筑的周边适当位置放置自动水雾喷淋装置,在火灾发生初期自动向着火的古建筑大面积、远距离喷洒细雾,形成细雾隔层,控制火势蔓延。 [0033] Third, we designed an automatic mist spray device is placed in a peripheral position of each old buildings, old buildings automatic fire to a large area, at the beginning of a fine mist spray distance of fire, a fine mist barrier, control the spread of fire.

[0034] 由此可见,本发明不仅是一种新颖的应用于古镇火灾中的报警、疏散逃生与灭火系统,同时还可以通过技术来弥补管理上的不足。 [0034] Thus, the present invention is not only applicable to a novel fire alarm town, evacuation escape and fire extinguishing system, but also to compensate for the lack of management through technology. 传统的古镇火灾报警系统由于管理上的不足,导致火灾发生时保安人员工作懈怠,不能及时地对分管的区域进行行人和车辆的疏散,导致消防车无法顺利到达古镇火灾处,从而造成人员和财产上的巨大损失,但检查人员无法确定到底是哪个保安人员的责任,从而古镇的管理制度日益松懈。 The traditional town fire alarm system due to lack of management, leading security personnel to work when the fire broke slack, can not timely evacuation of the area in charge of pedestrians and vehicles, resulting in fire engines could not successfully reach the town fire place, causing casualties and property huge losses, but inspectors can not determine which is the responsibility of security personnel in the end, so the town's management system increasingly lax. 该发明将发送给每个保安人员的报警短信通过无线发送到古镇消防安全的远程监控CRT上,记录、存档每个保安人员接收报警短信的次数及具体时间,若检查人员发现哪个区域的疏散工作不够及时或车辆堵住了消防车的行驶车道,可对分管该区域的保安人员进行责任追宄,加强古镇管理制度。 The invention will now be sent to each of the alarm messages sent to security personnel town fire safety by the CRT wireless remote monitoring, recording, archiving security personnel each alarm messages received and the number of specific time, checking if found evacuation which area not enough time or vehicle fire truck blocked the lane of travel, be in charge of security personnel in the region were the responsibility of chasing traitor, strengthen town management systems.

[0035] 值得一提的是,本系统不仅能够应用于古镇,还能应用于住房、商场、仓库、歌剧院等场合。 [0035] It is worth mentioning that this system can be applied not only to the town, but also applies to housing, shopping centers, warehouses, opera house and other occasions.

Claims (7)

1.一种无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,包括火灾烟雾探测模块、远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块,其特征在于,所述火灾烟雾探测模块、远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块均设有唯一的ID编码,通过无线网管进行相互之间的数据发送与接收;所述火灾烟雾探测模块用于探测火灾,并将探测到的火灾信息发送给所述远程报警模块、紧急疏散逃生模块和自动水雾喷淋模块;所述远程报警模块用于进行现场报警、短信报警与远程监控;所述紧急疏散逃生模块用于指示火灾发生的位置并疏散人群;所述自动水雾喷淋模块用于进行局部水雾喷淋控制火势蔓延。 A stand-alone wireless fire alarm, evacuation and extinguishing system, including smoke fire detection module, the remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module, wherein said smoke fire detection module, remote alarm module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module has a unique ID code for data transmission and reception between each other through a wireless network; fire the smoke detection means for detecting a fire, and the detected fire alarm information to the remote module, and automatic emergency evacuation escape module mist spray module; alarm module for the remote site alarm, alarm and remote monitor message; means for the emergency evacuation escape indicating fire and evacuation location; means for the automatic spray mist spray mist local control the spread of fire.
2.根据权利要求1所述的无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,其特征在于,所述火灾烟雾探测模块包括烟雾传感器和无线发射模块;所述烟雾传感器采用光电式的烟雾传感器,用于判断是否发生火灾,一旦判断出发生火灾时,由无线发射模块向无线网管发送火灾信息。 The wireless-type fire alarm according to independent claim 1, evacuation and fire extinguishing system, characterized in that the fire smoke detection module comprises a smoke sensor and a wireless transmitter module; smoke sensor using the photoelectric smoke sensor, with determining whether to fire, once it is determined that a fire occurs, the fire information transmitted from the wireless transmitter to the wireless network module.
3.根据权利要求1所述的无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,其特征在于,所述远程报警模块包括GSM模块和远程监控CRT ;当发生火灾时,GSM模块接收到无线网管的火灾信息后将该火灾信息发送给消防部门,并且还将该火灾信息发送到分管区域的工作人员的移动终端上;其中,发送给每个工作人员的报警短信会通过无线发送到所述远程监控CRT上记录和存档。 The wireless-type fire alarm according to independent claim 1, evacuation and fire extinguishing system, characterized in that said remote alarm module includes a GSM module and a remote monitoring the CRT; When a fire occurs, the radio network GSM module receives fire transmitting the information of the fire information to the fire department, and also transmits the fire information to the mobile terminal staff in charge area; wherein each worker to send alarm messages will be transmitted by radio to the remote monitoring CRT recording and archiving.
4.根据权利要求3所述的无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,其特征在于,所述GSM模块周期性地向分管区域的工作人员发送火灾信息。 4. The stand-alone wireless fire alarm as claimed in claim 3, evacuation and fire extinguishing system, characterized in that the GSM module periodically transmitting information to the personnel in charge of the fire area.
5.根据权利要求1所述的无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,其特征在于,所述紧急疏散逃生模块包括紧急疏散广播接收器、行人疏散诱导指示灯和车辆疏散诱导指示灯;当紧急疏散广播接收器收到无线网管发来的火灾信息时,分布在各个区域的紧急疏散广播接收器立即播报火灾发生的具体位置,并点亮行人疏散诱导指示灯,指示行人按照点亮的紧急疏散通道方向快速逃生;点亮车辆疏散诱导指示灯,指挥车辆按照指示灯的方向有序撤离现场并给消防车让出行驶通道。 5. The wireless freestanding fire alarm as claimed in claim 1, evacuation and fire extinguishing system, characterized in that, the emergency evacuation escape evacuation module comprises a broadcast receiver, a pedestrian and a vehicle lamp evacuation induction induced evacuation indicator; when emergency evacuation radio network broadcast receiver receives fire information sent from the distribution area of ​​emergency evacuation in each broadcast receiver immediately broadcast the specific location of the fire, and indicator lights pedestrian induced evacuation, emergency lighting according to indicate pedestrian Quick evacuation channel direction of escape; lights vehicle lights induced evacuation, command vehicle in the direction indicator ordered to leave the scene and fire engines to make the travel channel.
6.根据权利要求1所述的无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,其特征在于,所述自动水雾喷淋模块包括自下而上依次连接的自来水管、无线增压控制器、增压泵和高压喷嘴;当发生火灾时,无线增压控制器会收到无线网管发来的火灾信息后增大内部压强,对其上面连接的增压泵的驱动活塞施加压力,使得自来水管终端水能够从高压喷嘴中喷出。 6. The wireless freestanding fire alarm as claimed in claim 1, evacuation and fire extinguishing system, characterized in that said module comprises an automatic spray mist water pipe connected to the bottom to top, a radio booster controller, by when the internal pressure is increased after the fire, the wireless radio network booster controller receive information sent by the fire, the booster pump is connected to its upper drive piston pressure is applied, so that the water pipe terminal; pressure pump and high-pressure nozzles water can be discharged from the high-pressure nozzles.
7.根据权利要求1所述的无线独立式火灾报警、疏散以及灭火系统,其特征在于,所述系统应用于古镇、住房、商场、仓库、或歌剧院。 The wireless-type fire alarm according to independent claim 1, evacuation and fire extinguishing system, wherein said system is applied to town, housing, shopping centers, warehouses, or Opera.
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