CN104832920B - Oil burner and the steam boiler with it - Google Patents

Oil burner and the steam boiler with it Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104832920B
CN104832920B CN201510272569.8A CN201510272569A CN104832920B CN 104832920 B CN104832920 B CN 104832920B CN 201510272569 A CN201510272569 A CN 201510272569A CN 104832920 B CN104832920 B CN 104832920B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peristome
combustion chamber
cover
air
oil burner
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510272569.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104832920A (en
Inventor
吕晏
Original Assignee
珠海巴陆信息科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201510272569.8A priority Critical patent/CN104832920B/en
Publication of CN104832920A publication Critical patent/CN104832920A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104832920B publication Critical patent/CN104832920B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B31/00Modifications of boiler construction, or of tube systems, dependent on installation of combustion apparatus; Arrangements of dispositions of combustion apparatus
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D11/00Burners using a direct spraying action of liquid droplets or vaporised liquid into the combustion space
    • F23D11/36Details, e.g. burner cooling means, noise reduction means
    • F23D11/38Nozzles; Cleaning devices therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of oil burner and the steam boiler with it, oil burner, including:Combustion chamber componentses, combustion chamber componentses have the first peristome and second peristome of combustor and combustion chamber;Air deflector, air deflector is tubular structure, and air deflector has the 3rd peristome and the 4th peristome, and the 4th opening is in the first peristome, and has, between the 4th peristome outer wall and the first peristome inwall, the gap flow through for air;Eddy flow part, eddy flow part is arranged in gap, is used for making air form eddy flow entrance combustor;Lighter, the ignition electrode of lighter is located in the 4th peristome;And atomizer, atomizer is in the 4th peristome.The oil burner of the present invention, fully, firepower is powerful for fuel oil burning, can achieve quick heating supercharging;And, occupy little space, have wide range of applications it is adaptable to big small size steam boiler, particularly Moveable steam boiler.

Description

Oil burner and the steam boiler with it

Technical field

The present invention relates to burner, more particularly to a kind of oil burner and the steam boiler with it.

Background technology

Supercharged steam generator, with respect to normal-pressure boiler, can improve burner hearth kind air pressure and temperature, make fuel in higher density and Burn under the combustion air of temperature, overheavy firing process.

Fig. 1 show the structural representation of existing major part supercharging fuel turbulent burner, using fixing tangential vane formula Air register 1 ', interior mixed steam type fuel injector 2 ', expand flow cone shape flame holder 3 ' and the air port 4 ' of simple enlarging.This structure burner Area occupied larger, air quantity requires larger, and flame is in that bulk is sprayed, inside the underlying burner hearth of burner, sometimes can be using double Burner liquidates arrangement, and further mixing air and gasoline reach raising fuel oil combustion rate.

Content of the invention

For above-mentioned state of the art, the technical problem to be solved is, provides a kind of oil burner And there is its steam boiler it is intended to reduce burner volume, reducing energy consumption and overheavy firing effect.

In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, a kind of oil burner provided by the present invention, including:

Combustion chamber componentses, described combustion chamber componentses have combustor and described combustion chamber the first peristome and Second peristome;

Air deflector, described air deflector is tubular structure, and described air deflector has the 3rd peristome and the 4th peristome, described 4th opening is in described first peristome, and has between described 4th peristome outer wall and described first peristome inwall The gap flow through for air;

Eddy flow part, described eddy flow part is arranged in described gap, is used for making air form eddy flow entrance combustor;

Lighter, the ignition electrode of described lighter is located in described 4th peristome;With

Atomizer, described atomizer is located in described 4th peristome.

Wherein in an embodiment, described eddy flow part includes:

Some wind blades, some described wind blades are along the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of described 4th peristome.

Wherein in an embodiment, described eddy flow part also includes:

Support ring, some described wind blades are arranged in described support ring, and described support ring is set in the described 4th and opens On oral area.

Wherein in an embodiment, described wind blade includes some first wind blades and some second wind guide vanes Piece, along in the circumference of described 4th peristome, some described first wind blades and some described second wind blades are one by one It is intervally arranged, and the circle that some described first wind blade centers are located is located with respect to some described second wind blade centers Circle near described 4th peristome.

Wherein in an embodiment, described first wind blade and described second wind blade are formed through punching.

Wherein in an embodiment, the diameter of described air deflector from described 3rd peristome to described 4th peristome by Gradual change is little.

Wherein in an embodiment, described combustion chamber componentses are included from described first peristome to described second peristome The first combustion chamber componentses being sequentially connected and the second combustion chamber componentses, and along from described first peristome to described second opening On portion direction, the diameter of described first combustion chamber componentses is gradually increased, and the diameter of described second combustion chamber componentses is gradually reduced.

Wherein in an embodiment, described combustion chamber componentses also include cylindrical fixed cylinder, and described fixed cylinder is located at institute State outside the second combustion chamber componentses, and be connected with described first combustion chamber componentses and/or described second combustion chamber componentses.

A kind of steam boiler provided by the present invention, including:

Boiler body, described boiler body is vertically arranged, and the middle part of described boiler intracoelomic cavity is provided with heat exchanging water pipe;With

Above-mentioned oil burner, the described combustion chamber componentses of described oil burner are located at the upper of described boiler intracoelomic cavity Portion, and described second peristome of described combustion chamber componentses is towards described heat exchanging water pipe;And

Air channel, the air outlet in described air channel is connected with described 3rd peristome of described air deflector and described gap.

Wherein in an embodiment, described steam boiler also includes inner cover, outer housing, the first top cover and the second top cover, institute State inner cover and described outer housing is loaded on outside described boiler body from the inside to the outside successively, described first top cover is fixed on the upper of described inner cover End, described first peristome of described combustor is arranged on the center in the hole of described first top cover, and described second top cover is fixed on The upper end of described outer housing, forms institute between described inner cover and described outer housing and between described first top cover and described second top cover State air channel.

Compared with prior art, the oil burner that the present invention provides, during work, a part of compressed air is from air deflector 3rd peristome enters, and provides root wind as combustion air simultaneously, and another part, under the effect of eddy flow part, forms eddy flow The burning entering combustion chamber componentses is indoor, atomizer spray mist of oil under the intracavity cyclonic action of combustor can more fully with Air mix, light after intracavity mixture through lighter, combustion chamber is pressurized again, after go out to assume spray through the second peristome Penetrate the high temp fire flame tip of formula, heat rapidly inner bag heat exchanging water pipe.And, this oil burner occupies little space, applied range General it is adaptable to big small size steam boiler, particularly Moveable steam boiler.

Additional technical feature of the present invention is had the advantage that will be said in this specification specific embodiment part Bright.

Brief description

Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of supercharging fuel turbulent burner of the prior art;

Fig. 2 is the explosive view of the steam boiler in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the close-up schematic view at I in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is the partial structural diagram of the air deflector of steam boiler in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the cross section structure diagram of the steam boiler in the embodiment of the present invention.

Description of reference numerals:1st, lighter;1a, ignition electrode;2nd, the second top cover;3rd, top seal circle;4th, air intake bracing frame; 5th, air deflector;5a, the 3rd peristome;5b, the 4th peristome;6th, support column;7th, combustion chamber componentses;7a, combustor;7b, first Peristome;7c, the second peristome;71st, the first combustion chamber componentses;72nd, the second combustion chamber componentses;73rd, fixed cylinder;8th, outer housing;9、 Inner cover;10th, boiler body;11st, fireproof pad;12nd, chassis;13rd, atomizer;14th, eddy flow part;14a, wind blade;14a1, first Wind blade;14a2, the second wind blade;14b, support ring;15th, heat exchanging water pipe;16th, air channel;17th, the first top cover.

Specific embodiment

Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments the present invention is described in detail.It should be noted that not conflicting In the case of, the feature in following embodiment and embodiment can be mutually combined.

As shown in Figure 2-5, the steam boiler in the one of embodiment of the present invention includes:Boiler body 10, oil burner With air channel 16.

Wherein, described boiler body 10 is vertically arranged, and the middle part of described boiler body 10 inner chamber is provided with heat exchanging water pipe 15.Described Boiler body 10 bottom is padded, with the waste gas that circulates.

Described oil burner includes combustion chamber componentses 7, air deflector 5, lighter 1 and atomizer 13, described combustor section Part 7 has the first peristome 7b and the second peristome 7c that combustor 7a is connected with described combustor 7a.Combustion chamber componentses 7 For providing mist of oil air hybird environment, pressurized combustion.Preferably, described combustion chamber componentses 7 are included from described first peristome The first combustion chamber componentses 71 and the second combustion chamber componentses 72 that 7b to described second peristome 7c is sequentially connected, and along from described To described second peristome 7c direction, the diameter of described first combustion chamber componentses 71 is gradually increased first peristome 7b, described The diameter of the second combustion chamber componentses 72 is gradually reduced.Diameter due to the first combustion chamber componentses 71 is gradually increased, the second combustor The diameter of part 72 is gradually reduced, and can make fuel pressurization, fully burns.More preferably, described combustion chamber componentses 7 also include cylinder Shape fixed cylinder 73, described fixed cylinder 73 is located at outside described second combustion chamber componentses 72.Fixed cylinder 73 is used for positioning and fixing combustion Burn room part 7.

Described air deflector 5 is tubular structure, and described air deflector 5 has the 3rd peristome 5a and the 4th peristome 5b, described 4th peristome 5b is located in described first peristome 7b, and in described 4th peristome 5b outer wall and described first peristome 7b There is the gap flow through for air between wall.Due to employing air deflector 5, a part of compressed air is from the first opening of air deflector 5 Portion 7b enters, and provides root wind as combustion air simultaneously, according to the burning feature of fuel oil, mist of oil root to be had before catching fire Wind is mixed with, and prevents the oil firing initial stage from white carbon black because of high temperature;Another part compressed air is from the gap into burning The combustor 7a of room part 7.More preferably, the diameter of described air deflector 5 is from described 3rd peristome 5a to described 4th peristome 5b tapers into, and so can make full use of space, and water conservancy diversion effect is good.

Described eddy flow part 14 is arranged in described gap, is used for making air form eddy flow entrance combustor 7a, in oil nozzle Spray mist of oil can more fully mix with air under the intracavity cyclonic action of combustor.Described eddy flow part in the present embodiment 14 include some wind blade 14a, and some described wind blade 14a are along the circumferentially-spaced arrangement of described 4th peristome 5b.Enter Preferably, described eddy flow part 14 also includes support ring 14b to one step, and some described wind blade 14a are arranged at described support ring On 14b, described support ring 14b is set on described 4th peristome 5b.It is further preferred that described wind blade 14a includes Some first wind blade 14a1 and some second wind blade 14a2, along in the circumference of described 4th peristome 5b, some Described first wind blade 14a1 and some described second wind blade 14a2 is intervally arranged one by one, and some described first wind-guidings The circle that the circle that blade 14a1 center is located is located with respect to some described second wind blade 14a2 centers is opened near the described 4th Oral area 5b, as such, it is possible to make full use of clearance space, air output is big.More preferably, described first wind blade 14a1 and described Two wind blade 14a2 are formed through punching.

The ignition electrode 1a of described lighter 1 and described atomizer 13 are located in described 4th peristome 5b.

The air outlet in described air channel 16 is connected with the described 3rd peristome 5a of described air deflector 5 and described gap.Relatively Excellently, described steam boiler also includes inner cover 9, outer housing 8, the first top cover 17 and the second top cover 2, described inner cover 9 and described outer housing 8 It is loaded on outside described boiler body 10 from the inside to the outside successively, described inner cover 9 is used for isolating internal-combustion waste gas, water conservancy diversion compressed air. Described outer housing 8 is provided with air intake, separates internal high temperature simultaneously.Described first top cover 17 is fixed on the upper end of described inner cover 9, institute The described first peristome 7b stating combustor 7a is arranged on the center in the hole of described first top cover 17, and described second top cover 2 is fixing Between the upper end of described outer housing 8, described inner cover 9 and described outer housing 8 and described first top cover 17 and described second top cover 2 it Between form described air channel 16.Lighter 1 is fixed on the second top cover 2 through top seal circle 3.Air deflector 5 is fixed on through support column 6 On first top cover 17.

More preferably, steam boiler also includes air intake bracing frame 4, and air intake bracing frame 4 is arranged at air deflector 5 and the second top cover 2 Between, for providing certain amount of air to enter air deflector, support the second top cover 2 simultaneously.

More preferably, steam boiler also includes fireproof pad 11 and chassis 12, and chassis 12 border screw is easy to inner cover 9 and outer housing 8 Fixation and sealing.Fireproof pad 11 is arranged between boiler body 10 bottom and chassis 12, for separating boiler body 10 and chassis 12 Between high temperature.

The operation principle of the steam boiler of the embodiment of the present invention is as follows:

Work process starts, manual actuation of button, external aerator work, blasts compressed air from outer housing 8 air intake Enter air channel 16, a part of compressed air enters from air deflector 5 top, provides root wind as combustion air simultaneously, another Partial shrinkage air, under eddy flow part 14 effect, forms eddy flow and enters combustor 7a;Lighter 5 energising simultaneously and oil pump open Dynamic, by solenoid valve control, valve opens fuel feeding to oil circuit, and the mist of oil that the atomizer 13 above combustor 7a sprays runs into ignition electrode 1a electric arc, you can realize firing action.After intracavity mixture lighted by lighter 1, it is pressurized again inside combustor 7a, last bottom Necking goes out to present the high temp fire flame tip of injecting type, and heat rapidly inner bag heat exchanging water pipe.

Embodiment described above only have expressed the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more concrete and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, some deformation can also be made and improve, these broadly fall into the guarantor of the present invention Shield scope.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of oil burner is it is characterised in that include:
Combustion chamber componentses (7), described combustion chamber componentses (7) have that combustor (7a) is connected with described combustor (7a) One peristome (7b) and the second peristome (7c);
Air deflector (5), described air deflector (5) is tubular structure, and described air deflector (5) has the 3rd peristome (5a) and the 4th and opens Oral area (5b), described 4th peristome (5b) is located in described first peristome (7b), and described 4th peristome (5b) outer wall Have, and described first peristome (7b) inwall between, the gap flow through for air;
Eddy flow part (14), described eddy flow part (14) is arranged in described gap, is used for making air be formed described in eddy flow entrance Combustor (7a), described eddy flow part (14) includes some wind blades (14a), and some described wind blades (14a) are located at institute State the outside of the 4th peristome (5b), and the circumferentially-spaced arrangement along described 4th peristome (5b);Described wind blade (14a) Including some first wind blades (14a1) and some second wind blades (14a2), along the week of described 4th peristome (5b) Upwards, some described first wind blades (14a1) and some described second wind blades (14a2) are intervally arranged one by one, and if The circle that dry described first wind blade (14a1) center is located is located with respect to some described second wind blade (14a2) centers Circle near described 4th peristome (5b);
Lighter (1), the ignition electrode (1a) of described lighter (1) is located in described 4th peristome (5b);With
Atomizer (13), described atomizer (13) is located in described 4th peristome (5b).
2. oil burner according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described eddy flow part (14) also includes:
Support ring (14b), some described wind blades (14a) are arranged in described support ring (14b), described support ring (14b) It is set on described 4th peristome (5b).
3. oil burner according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described first wind blade (14a1) and described Two wind blades (14a2) are formed through punching.
4. oil burner according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the diameter of described air deflector (5) is from the described 3rd Peristome (5a) to described 4th peristome (5b) tapers into.
5. oil burner according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described combustion chamber componentses (7) are included from described The first combustion chamber componentses (71) and the second combustion chamber componentses that one peristome (7b) to described second peristome (7c) is sequentially connected (72), and along on from described first peristome (7b) to described second peristome (7c) direction, described first combustion chamber componentses (71) diameter is gradually increased, and the diameter of described second combustion chamber componentses (72) is gradually reduced.
6. oil burner according to claim 5 is it is characterised in that described combustion chamber componentses (7) also include cylinder Fixed cylinder (73), it is outside that described fixed cylinder (73) is located at described second combustion chamber componentses (72), and with described first combustor section Part (71) and/or described second combustion chamber componentses (72) connect.
7. a kind of steam boiler is it is characterised in that include:
Boiler body (10), described boiler body (10) is vertically arranged, and the middle part of described boiler body (10) inner chamber is provided with heat exchanging water pipe (15);With
Oil burner as described in any one in claim 1 to 6, the described combustion chamber componentses of described oil burner (7) it is located at the top of described boiler body (10) inner chamber, and described second peristome (7c) of described combustion chamber componentses (7) is towards institute State heat exchanging water pipe (15);And
Described 3rd peristome (5a) of air channel (16), the air outlet of described air channel (16) and described air deflector (5) and described between Gap is connected.
8. steam boiler according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that described steam boiler also includes inner cover (9), outer housing (8), the first top cover (17) and the second top cover (2), described inner cover (9) and described outer housing (8) are loaded on described pot from the inside to the outside successively Body of heater (10) is outside, and described first top cover (17) is fixed on the upper end of described inner cover (9), and described the first of described combustor (7a) Peristome (7b) is arranged on the center in the hole of described first top cover (17), and described second top cover (2) is fixed on described outer housing (8) Upper end, shape between described inner cover (9) and described outer housing (8) and between described first top cover (17) and described second top cover (2) Become described air channel (16).
CN201510272569.8A 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 Oil burner and the steam boiler with it CN104832920B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104832920B true CN104832920B (en) 2017-03-08

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CN107246346B (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-27 中国北方车辆研究所 A kind of burner mounting seat and the buner system including pedestal
CN110513678A (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-11-29 中国北方车辆研究所 A kind of vehicle warmer system
CN110274226A (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-09-24 中国北方车辆研究所 A kind of eddy flow generating plate and its buner system
CN110274227A (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-09-24 中国北方车辆研究所 A kind of burning air feed plectane and its buner system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB637220A (en) * 1948-05-07 1950-05-17 Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Installation for control of combustion for gas turbines
CN1095147A (en) * 1993-10-13 1994-11-16 赵云 Liquid-fuel burner
CN2250473Y (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-03-26 韶关正久机械有限公司 Vertical water pipe oil burning steam boiler
CN1508473A (en) * 2002-12-16 2004-06-30 三浦工业株式会社 NOx-reduced burning method and apparatus
KR100581390B1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2006-05-22 (주)강원엔.티.에스 Whirlpool-type movable boiler
CN201944838U (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-08-24 山东易能生物能源有限公司 Biomass oil burning and applying device
CN204678336U (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-30 珠海巴陆信息科技有限公司 Oil burner and there is its steam boiler

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB637220A (en) * 1948-05-07 1950-05-17 Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Installation for control of combustion for gas turbines
CN1095147A (en) * 1993-10-13 1994-11-16 赵云 Liquid-fuel burner
CN2250473Y (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-03-26 韶关正久机械有限公司 Vertical water pipe oil burning steam boiler
CN1508473A (en) * 2002-12-16 2004-06-30 三浦工业株式会社 NOx-reduced burning method and apparatus
KR100581390B1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2006-05-22 (주)강원엔.티.에스 Whirlpool-type movable boiler
CN201944838U (en) * 2010-11-17 2011-08-24 山东易能生物能源有限公司 Biomass oil burning and applying device
CN204678336U (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-30 珠海巴陆信息科技有限公司 Oil burner and there is its steam boiler

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