CN104831876A - Clean energy production on building - Google Patents

Clean energy production on building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104831876A
CN104831876A CN201410045913.5A CN201410045913A CN104831876A CN 104831876 A CN104831876 A CN 104831876A CN 201410045913 A CN201410045913 A CN 201410045913A CN 104831876 A CN104831876 A CN 104831876A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building
energy
power generation
photovoltaic
sun
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410045913.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周珊
Original Assignee
周珊
周德礼
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Application filed by 周珊, 周德礼 filed Critical 周珊
Priority to CN201410045913.5A priority Critical patent/CN104831876A/en
Publication of CN104831876A publication Critical patent/CN104831876A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/20Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications using renewable energy

Abstract

On the basis of energy conservation of a building, production of a new energy is further developed. In order to acquire better new energy production effects, three levels are carried out, energy conservation and new energy production are executed step by step from the easier to the more advanced on existing houses and newly-built houses, and more buildings are used as much as possible for energy conservation and new energy production. Outer space of the outer surface of the building is fully used. According to an outer facade of the outer wall, photovoltaic panels capable of power generation can be used for replacing outer layer calcium silicate boards on a decorative layer of outer wall outer insulation, and power generation is carried out. Multiple means are used for changing the outer surface which can not receive enough sun into the best adoption angle, and effective receiving of the sun by the power generation photovoltaic panels is improved. The power generation efficiency is improved, the lighting area is expanded, and the sun receiving amount is added. The photoelectric tracking technology is used for changing a temporary lighting time into a full-weather full-season complete lighting time, the possible lighting time and the timing area can be fully acquired and changed maximally, and power generation and heat generation are maximized in possible conditions.

Description

Architectural production clean energy resource
One, technical field
Building heat insulating exterior wall finish coat changes photovoltaic power generation plate into: outer surface of building installs photovoltaic electroplax, clean energy resource produced by heating hollow porcelain plate.
Two, background technology
Energy-saving and emission-reduction are the set state basic policies of China, and building energy conservation is energy-conservation emphasis.In the climax of energy-saving and emission-reduction, there is various new material and new technology in market, we have also been invented several patented technologies around here, particularly " die casting formula " External Thermal Insulation Technology for External, and this this technology promotes progress and the development of energy-saving and emission-reduction all in different forms.Along with new technology constantly progress, the maturation of clean energy resource production technology, we are sun generation technology, grafting to building energy conservation comes, carries out new forms of energy production.
In order to develop new forms of energy, the photovoltaic industry of China is taken its place in the front ranks of the world, and photovoltaic products production accounts for 30% of world's total amount, and China utilizes photovoltaic generation production Zhi Zhan China energy to take clearly 0.5%, supply exceed demand, causes photovoltaic industry to survive difficult.
Clean energy resource is produced vast potential for future development, cause the extensive concern of our people, a lot of enterprise, entity and individual carry out the trial of production of energy in every way, sunshine developed regions they set up various scale solar power plant, it is personal that device of solar generating generating is installed on oneself office building by developer Wanke: Qingdao resident Xu Pengfei is placed on the generating photovoltaic electroplax bought and generating is carried out on the roof of oneself uses by oneself, is incorporated to electrical network of going home ...All this kind reflects out the strong request of the people to the clean energy of development.The creative spirit of the masses to one's credit and certainly, also inspires us.In order to make masses' innovation and creation obtain health, stable development, should add their creation enthusiasm and guiding and protection.From the perspective of policy, technically give better to support and help.Because the new forms of energy policy of country is dynamic strong by force, masses' enthusiasm surging, new forms of energy of a mass character are produced as emerged rapidly in large numbersBamboo shoots after a spring rain.We often can see everywhere generating of all kinds, heater very irregularity is placed on newly-built roof, all produce impact in various degree to the constructional appearance of building, badly can also occur security incident if installed.
China is vast in territory, and energy supply is not enough, needs extensive development new forms of energy.And China is one of country that solar energy is the abundantest in the world, particularly in China, townlet, vast rural area and outlying mountain area are all that development clean energy resource is preferably local, much more definitely they have in, low-rise building, there is unlimited development space, the wide world can be provided for development clean energy resource.Energy development, be better work, agricultural production service.Promote economic development, uplift the people's living standard.
Three, summary of the invention
At architectural production clean energy resource, point three levels carry out also alternative enforcement:
1, by " die casting formula " external wall outer insulation plaque, change the photovoltaic electroplax (Fig. 1) (just possess during invention and use various types of panel feature) that can generate electricity into, dive for exterior trim panel feature with the Sloping roof in house installation photovoltaic electroplax (Fig. 2) and hollow porcelain plate and carry out generating electricity and hot water production, after changing generating photovoltaic panel, outer surface of building does not change, and only increases generating and produces hot water function.
2, adjust the angle of photovoltaic battery panel, improve generating efficiency
The metope of building, roofing all needs design according to self function, the generating angle of photovoltaic panel of installing at outer surface of building is not necessarily best by angular, in order to improve generating, the efficiency of heating surface, must be adjusted the angle of photovoltaic electroplax, make it can keep Relative vertical with the angle shined upon to the greatest extent, accept solar irradiation to greatest extent.China is vast in territory, and various places sun irradiation angle is not identical.Various places reasonably should adjust according to the actual conditions of oneself, and now by vertical metope (Fig. 3), Sloping roof (Fig. 4) is attached
3, generate electricity, generating heat maximize:
Generating, heating maximize, and ensure photovoltaic electroplax, and heating porcelain plate accepts illumination and maximizes.The earth and the sun remain relative motion, and we will make photovoltaic electroplax, heating porcelain plate synchronous with solar motion (except night except), keep by photovoltaic electroplax with shine upon vertical, just can accomplish generate electricity, generate heat maximization.
4, ability is started in increase lighting roof and expansion
Increase generated energy except keeping illumination to maximize, maximum possible is also wanted to increase daylighting area, ordinary circumstance aspect area is limited, can not increase, under the condition of master planning license, should consider that do south orientation list pitched roof increases roofing daylighting area, increasing electricity output more, single pitched roof can increase the interior space of top layer resident, improves residence comfort.
5, flat roof deck changes pitched roof and increases daylighting area
In order to roof insulation and attractive in appearance, make the flat roof deck in past into pitched roof, namely society is commonly referred to as " flat-changed-into-sloping ", what we said changes slope is not in past meaning " flat-changed-into-sloping ", but utilize truss installa-tion photovoltaic electroplax when transforming, hollow porcelain plate, framework substantially identical with the light-duty frame on Sloping roof, this truss is only mounted on girder truss, and then carry out generating electricity and heat hot water in light-duty frame installation generating photovoltaic panel and heating porcelain plate, the gradient of framework should meet lighting angle requirement, or photovoltaic electroplax, heating porcelain plate are carried out effective corner by general truss.
Four, each figure brief description and implement main points
Fig. 1: photovoltaic electroplax displacement External wall decoration plate schematic diagram
A---heat preserving exterior wall outer plaque,
B---photovoltaic electroplax
When external wall outer insulation is shaping, original facing calcium silicate board with microporous is changed into photovoltaic electric sheet metal forming technique " die casting formula " External Thermal Insulation Technology for External of generating.
Fig. 2: photovoltaic electroplax is installed on Sloping roof and lays on cant beam frame
B---photovoltaic electroplax
C---Light-frame
D---photovoltaic panel and framework connecting bolt
In conjunction with building design drawing, according to the specification of photovoltaic panel, heating porcelain plate, design the Light-frame C of carrying electricity, porcelain plate, framework should steadily be placed on ready-made Sloping roof, then the photovoltaic panel porcelain plate of generating is arranged on mounted framework, during frame installation, wants uniform force.All loads all must take into full account, ensure that building safety uses.Will being discharged to of photovoltaic panel is in good order, elegant in appearance.But must not burrow on roofing, cause roof leakage.
Fig. 3: photovoltaic panel is installed on exterior wall and adds the best lighting angle of tripod
N---solar irradiation
D---tripod
E---insulation plaque
G---exterior wall
H---installation tripod removed by reason solid plate bolt, on triangle, then installs photovoltaic panel heating hollow porcelain plate carry out generating electricity or processing hot water.
Fig. 4: photovoltaic electroplax is installed on flat roof deck and adds on lightweight steelframe
B---photovoltaic electroplax, porcelain plate
C---lightweight frame
I---set a roof beam in place in triangular form room
Photoelectric tracer and photovoltaic power generation plate
In order to the irradiation making photovoltaic electroplax receive sunlight to greatest extent, the photovoltaic panel of generating is divided into longitudinal and transverse some groups by us, in horizontal or longitudinal centre or one end, a sun tracker is installed, drive horizontal, vertical photovoltaic panel to make synchronous axial system when sun tracker rotates with sun synchronization, namely sun sunrise in morning is that a circulation (reposition at night) carries out second circulation for second day to sunset ...It is change according to seasonal variations that the longitudinal direction of photovoltaic panel is followed the tracks of, and namely spring, summer, autumn, winter keep vertical with sunlight.In fact follow the tracks of season, meaning is not very large, efficiency is not obvious especially, adds that season, follower became more complicated, can consider manual operation yet, it is just whole that manual operation can make several times every year, can obtain identical effect equally, due to professional relationship, the imagination of tracker does not design, today of automatic technology levels theoretically, it is no problem for designing and manufacturing effective photoelectric tracer.
Photovoltaic generation, must merge completely with building.
Generating, heating have become the important component part of building.All generatings, electro-heat equipment all will be arranged on the surface of building, invest building New function ingredient.This just requires TRT, the material of heating porcelain plate, specification etc., all technical data, be supplied to designer when architectural design, designer is allowed to provide installation site, running space and wire, conduit trend carry out mature consideration, and unified arrangement ensures that TRT and building function combine together, and Coordinated Play is function separately.Architectural design completes possesses TRT installation figure simultaneously, ensures clean energy resource safety, stable, sound development.
Five, accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is: photovoltaic electroplax displacement External wall decoration plate schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is: photovoltaic electroplax is installed on Sloping roof and lays schematic diagram on cant beam frame
Fig. 3 is: photovoltaic panel is installed on exterior wall and adds the best lighting angle schematic diagram of tripod
Fig. 4 is: photovoltaic electroplax is installed on flat roof deck and adds schematic diagram on lightweight steelframe.

Claims (5)

1. the decoration panel on insulated wall is changed into the photovoltaic electroplax that can generate electricity and generates electricity by External Thermal Insulation Technology for External of " using die casting formula ", when building exterior wall heat preserving function is constant, increases wall face electricity generate function.
2. utilize roofing natural grade, install photovoltaic electroplax, heating hollow porcelain plate carries out generating electricity and producing hot water.
3. profit is in various manners being attached to roofing, the photovoltaic electroplax on metope, and the Mining angular of heating hollow porcelain plate does effective rotation, makes photovoltaic panel and heating porcelain plate reach best lighting angle, improves sunlight acceptance rate, thus improve production of energy efficiency.
4. use photoelectric tracking technology, the fixing of short duration daylighting time is converted into the complete daylighting time in round-the-clock, full season, collection solar energy all may be gathered conversion, the limited utilization of resources to best to greatest extent.
5. new forms of energy are produced and should be merged completely with building, new forms of energy production equipment is all arranged on building, the installation site method of operation all must be harmonious with building, and architectural design carries out new forms of energy working design simultaneously, guarantees new forms of energy building security, stable, sound development.
CN201410045913.5A 2014-02-10 2014-02-10 Clean energy production on building Pending CN104831876A (en)

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Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108141175A (en) * 2015-10-15 2018-06-08 米兰综合工科大学 The application process of integrated photovoltaic module between floors

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20018360U1 (en) * 2000-10-26 2002-03-07 Eckle Wolfgang facade element
CN201367685Y (en) * 2009-01-16 2009-12-23 李仁星 Solar power generation heat production energy-saving roof panel
CN102235062A (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-11-09 无锡市帕沃海泰投资有限公司 Solar cell panel member with adjustable inclination angle for outer wall decoration
CN202454568U (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-09-26 中国中建设计集团有限公司 Adjustable bracket system for roof solar photoelectric panel
KR20130050034A (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-05-15 주식회사 케이디파워 The mounting structure and method for solar cell module
CN202977445U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-06-05 西安大昱光电科技有限公司 Angle-adjustable external wall installing support for photovoltaic assembly
CN103174271A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-06-26 王斌 Heat preservation decorative plate with power generation function and preparation technology

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20018360U1 (en) * 2000-10-26 2002-03-07 Eckle Wolfgang facade element
CN201367685Y (en) * 2009-01-16 2009-12-23 李仁星 Solar power generation heat production energy-saving roof panel
CN102235062A (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-11-09 无锡市帕沃海泰投资有限公司 Solar cell panel member with adjustable inclination angle for outer wall decoration
KR20130050034A (en) * 2011-11-07 2013-05-15 주식회사 케이디파워 The mounting structure and method for solar cell module
CN202454568U (en) * 2011-12-28 2012-09-26 中国中建设计集团有限公司 Adjustable bracket system for roof solar photoelectric panel
CN202977445U (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-06-05 西安大昱光电科技有限公司 Angle-adjustable external wall installing support for photovoltaic assembly
CN103174271A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-06-26 王斌 Heat preservation decorative plate with power generation function and preparation technology

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108141175A (en) * 2015-10-15 2018-06-08 米兰综合工科大学 The application process of integrated photovoltaic module between floors
CN108141175B (en) * 2015-10-15 2020-10-16 米兰综合工科大学 Method for applying photovoltaic modules integrated in buildings

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Application publication date: 20150812

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication