CN104828962B - Self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier - Google Patents

Self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104828962B
CN104828962B CN201510196749.2A CN201510196749A CN104828962B CN 104828962 B CN104828962 B CN 104828962B CN 201510196749 A CN201510196749 A CN 201510196749A CN 104828962 B CN104828962 B CN 104828962B
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China
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water
solar panel
algae
battery
fornix
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CN201510196749.2A
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CN104828962A (en
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赵鹏程
张煜华
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Wuhan University WHU
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Wuhan University WHU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier, belong to environmental technology field.The fornix formula shell of solar panel and solar panel lower end including top, solar panel is connected by inverter with battery, and battery is connected with supersonic generator and ultrasonic transducer successively;There is one layer of waterproof layer below ultrasonic transducer, battery is connected with water pump and propeller successively by wire through waterproof layer, there is permeable grid on the fornix formula shell of water pump region, have double layer of metal net below propeller and be clamped in the online activated carbon of double layer of metal.The ultrasonic wave that the present apparatus sends has no significant hazard to water body others aquatile, environment friendly and pollution-free.In the form of bubble be pressed into water air by aerator simultaneously, increases the oxygen content in water, strengthens self purification function of water body.The working range of the present apparatus is wider, can be run in the man-made lake in rivers and lakes and city in the wild.

Description

Self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier, belong to environmental technology field.
Background technology
China is a country for serious water shortage, and gross amount of water resources does not enrich.With economic and society development, China Serious water quality crisis is gradually absorbed in, water pollution problems has turned into one of the important ecological environment problem in China or even the world.
Body eutrophication refers to because the increase of the nutritive salt such as Water phosphorus causes a large amount of of the aquatiles such as algae Breeding, so that Dissolved Oxygen in Water reduction, transparency decline, function of water body is subject to phenomenon (the Vollenweider et that destroy Al, 1982).Body eutrophication often results in the growth of algae fulminant, formed wawter bloom or red tide (H.Kenneth et al, 2010)。
Over nearly 20 years, China's lake eutrophication development speed is quite fast.The survey showed that, eutrophic lake number Account for and the later stage eighties 61% is developed into by the 41% of early stage late 1970s to the eighties by the ratio in investigation lake, to 20 The later stage nineties in century rises to 77% again, it is seen that the development trend very severe of China's lake eutrophication.
The most direct result of lake storehouse eutrophication is to cause the algae raised growth such as blue-green algae, green alga in water, is ultimately formed red The phenomenons such as tide, wawter bloom, animals and plants are dead because lacking illumination and oxygen in causing water, and aquatic ecosystem is destroyed.Red tide Occur not only produce human health harm, and the breeding of the marine organisms such as greater coasting area fish, shellfish can be influenceed, cause huge Economic loss.
In addition many algae can also produce Algae toxins, smell substance (native raw meat element, mercaptan, indoles, amine, ketone etc.) and its The poisonous and harmful substance of its secondary metabolism, influences various aquatic and semi-aquatic animal or is transmitted by food chain to threaten being good for for the mankind Health (Bury et al, 2007;Chorus et al, 1999).
Breakout of water bloom can cause the raised growth of Measures of Algae in Water Body, produce destruction to make water ecosystem and function of water body With while the frustule of a large amount of aggregations can be blocked and corrode source water pipeline, block filter tank, increase backwash load, improve sterilization Cost, influence water factory process operation can also produce considerable influence to water factory's technique.Therefore people have studied various methods to control Wawter bloom algae, there is two aspects on the whole:On the one hand be breakout of water bloom source such as lake, reservoir control nutriment (nitrogen, Phosphorus) content, the condition of algal grown is suppressed, the influence that wawter bloom is brought is reduced from root;On the other hand it is in water factory Algae can be removed using various algae-removing technologies, so that water outlet meets sanitary standard for drinking water.
Algae-removing method is broadly divided into three major types at this stage:Physics removes algae except algae, chemical algae removing, biology.Chemical method includes Medical method, clay flocculating method, preoxidation and activated carbon method etc. are added, but its destruction to aquatic ecological is larger.Although active The effect of charcoal method is preferable, but because high cost is not suitable for using on a large scale.
Biological method includes two kinds of aquatile method and water plant method, but can cause other species invasions, final broken The bad ecological balance.
Physical method mainly includes following several:Mechanical removal method, ultraviolet irradiation, supersonic algae removing hair, gamma-rays Irradiation, shading method, filtration method etc., because machinery is emergent except algae except algae method is aimed at, it is impossible to accomplish it is pre- prevent and kill off algae, while consuming Take a large amount of manpower physics, economic benefit is not calculated.Shading method, filtration method realize relatively difficult, ultraviolet photograph under field conditions (factors) Penetrate method and gamma-rays irradiation equally implement it is relatively difficult, while radiation may bring pollution.And supersonic algae removing pair Ecological environment does not have secondary pollution, and except algae efficiency comparison is high, through research, with the ultrasonic wave algal control of 6 days that frequency is 200kHZ Rate may be up to 68%, so supersonic algae removing is undoubtedly the best method that can be used for Hu Ku improvement.
Existing ultrasonic algae-removing device is substantially that the artificial cable of utilization is that it is transmitted electricity, then secures the appliance to Hu Ku's A certain position is carried out except algae.There are two major defects in such mode:First is that cannot carry out preventative except algae, only works as algae Class large area can just be carried out after producing.Second cannot be carried out on a large scale except algae, and the length limitation of artificial cable ultrasonic wave is removed The working range of algae instrument, can only remove algae, it is impossible to which the algae to Hu Ku centers is cleared up in positions such as banks.
Existing ultrasonic algae-removing device and water body aeration purifier are substantially that the artificial cable of utilization is that it is transmitted electricity, then Securing the appliance to a certain position of Hu Ku is carried out except algae and water body oxygenation.There are two major defects in such mode:First It is that cannot carry out preventative except algae, only can be just carried out after algae large area is produced.Second cannot be carried out on a large scale except algae, The length limitation of the artificial cable working range of ultrasonic algae-removing instrument, can only remove algae, it is impossible to in the storehouse of lake in positions such as banks The algae of the heart is cleared up.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier, enhance suitable With face and function.
A kind of self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier, including under the solar panel and solar panel on top The fornix formula shell at end, in the cavity that fornix formula shell and solar panel are formed, solar panel passes through inverter It is connected with battery, battery is connected with supersonic generator and ultrasonic transducer successively;
Have one layer of waterproof layer below ultrasonic transducer, battery by wire through waterproof layer successively with water pump and spiral shell Rotation oar connection, has permeable grid on the fornix formula shell of water pump region, there is double layer of metal net and clamping below propeller In the online activated carbon of double layer of metal.
The fornix formula shell is made up of waterproof material.
The solar panel is circle.
The battery can be 24V batteries.
Self start type ultrasound aeration water body self-cleaning device of the present invention is big by solar power generation, supersonic algae removing and water body aeration three Technology is combined, and using solar panel for supersonic generator is powered, then signal is reached into ultrasonic wave by supersonic generator Transducer, ultrasonic wave is produced by ultrasonic transducer, and the algae in water is cleared up.
Meanwhile, solar panel is powered for water pump, and water pump is in parallel with ultrasonic unit, is provided between stream oriented device anti- Water layer.Water pump region is pervious bed.Permeable grid is provided with around water pump.When solar panel is powered for water pump, spiral shell Rotation oar is rotated, and water and air enters in device through pervious bed, and the filter layer constituted by wire netting and activated carbon is finally entered Water body depths, increased the oxygen content of water body depths.Water pump and propeller composition aerator.Filter layer is by wire netting and metal Online activated carbon composition.In the prolific area of wawter bloom, water body oxygen content is less, and water can be increased by aerator The oxygen content of middle depths, increases the predation of zoobenthos., by water surface algal inhibition, destroyed algae can be toward water for ultrasonic wave simultaneously Middle sinking, zoobenthos can effectively suppress wawter bloom by preying on algae.Works are designed as funnel-form, can be in floating on water, with water Stream carries out large area except algae.While the deficiency in order to make up overcast and rainy luminous energy, with the addition of battery in device, not enough in luminous energy In the case of power for device.Apparatus surface and side be respectively arranged with water-tight device, it is to avoid water enters device band and comes unnecessary broken It is bad.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are the following aspects:
1st, by solar powered, departing from the dependence to artificial power network, manpower and materials are saved.
2nd, compared to conventional device, the scope of application is bigger, and ultrasonic wave is produced by solar power generation, while aeration is water body depth Place's oxygen supply.Device carries out large area except algae with current.
3rd, device can accomplish preventative except algae in red tide, algal bloom early stage are put into water, it is to avoid the phenomenon such as wawter bloom it is big Area breaks out.Aerator can increase self detergent power of water body simultaneously, increase the resistance and health degree of water body.
4th, device appearance design is exquisite, can be widely used in some artificial lakes of urban inner, except algae protects water While ecological, wavy ripples increased sight in water.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1, self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier structural representation.
Specific embodiment
Self start type ultrasound aeration water body self-cleaning device is main to be aerated three big cores by solar power generation, supersonic algae removing and water body Heart technology is constituted.
Required equipment:Solar panel, controller, battery, inverter, ultrasonic transducer, supersonic generator, Water pump, propeller, wire netting, activated carbon.
The HNC-8SH-3820 model transducers of ultrasonic transducer selection Hai Na Science and Technology Ltd.s.
Design parameter:
Solar panels area is calculated according to transducer parameters:
Known solar cells plate generating efficiency is about 15% or so, and it is 135W's to use unit area peak power output Solar panel, its required area formula:
The ultrasonic frequency that the present apparatus is used is 200 KHzs, and the absorption coefficient of underwater acoustic wave is α=1.44*10-12ν2m-1, therefore α=5.76*10-2m-1.Plane wave intensity I is I=I with the rule that propagation distance x decays0e-2αx(I0It is ripple at x=0 Intensity).
Found when the strength retrogression of ripple is to original 25% by consulting relevant information and research, i.e. I=0.25I0, remove The effect of algae has been greatly lowered.By I=I0e-2αxAnd I=0.25I0 By α=5.76*10- 2m-1Substitute into obtain x=12m.So the present apparatus is effective except algae distance is at 10 meters or so.
The present invention is by solar energy generation technology, supersonic algae removing technology and water body aeration process is good is coupled. It is that supersonic generator and transducer are powered by sunlight solar panel, then ultrasound is produced by ultrasonic transducer Ripple.Solar panel, by the work of draw water water pump and propeller, is pressed into oxygen-containing simultaneously for aerator is powered to water body depths Amount bubble high.Whole system can be realized automatically processing completely, can be to red tide, wawter bloom without expending substantial amounts of manpower and materials Suppressed etc. phenomenon and prevented.Device can increase self detergent power of water body simultaneously, polluted-water is gradually recovered certainly My regulatory function.
Apparatus of the present invention can freely be floated in the lake storehouse water surface, carry out large area except algae.Filled compared to conventional supersonic algae removing Put with traditional aerator, because the present apparatus is, by solar powered, to eliminate the dependence to cable power supply, thus increased The flexibility of device.Device is no longer limited to some region of water body purification, but as current float, it is net in whole lake region Change.Additionally, the built-in alignment system of device also can avoiding device floating lose too far.
Another advance of apparatus of the present invention is have prevention red tide, the function of algal bloom.Major part is removed at this stage Algae method is processed on the basis of red tide, wawter bloom etc. are with outburst, without preferably preventative.Can using supersonic algae removing It is less in algae or suppress situation when not breaking out, and ultrasonic wave will not bring harm to other aquatic animals and plants.
The appearance design of apparatus of the present invention is also a big innovation characteristic.Device is designed as funnel-form, table using the buoyancy of water Face is designed as half lens-shaped waterproof case, increases utilization rate of the solar panels to sunshine.The artificial scape of some of urban inner Seeing lake can also produce the phenomenons such as algal bloom, and device is positioned in lake, can not only accomplish to remove algae, while taking into account U.S. The effect of sight.
Algae is removed at present mostly by the way of artificial salvaging, and manually salvages can not only give up well substantial amounts of manpower, physics, wealth Power, still cure the symptoms, not the disease, it is impossible to fundamentally solve water eutrophication phenomenon, and the aeration water body purification of self start type supermarket The ultrasonic frequency that device is used is 200 KHzs, can effectively kill algae, and alga-killing rate is up to 68%, can reduce water turbidity, Increase the transparency of water body, illumination is reached lower floor in water body, be conducive to plant to carry out original in photosynthesis promotion water body The growth of plant, the growth of plants in water can promote the growth of the animals such as fish, so as to the whole ecosystem can be made gradually Recover.And ultrasonic wave will not produce influence to the other biological in water, you can to save substantial amounts of manpower, physics, financial resources, also The recovery of the ecosystem can be greatly facilitated, body eutrophication phenomenon can be fundamentally solved, ecological benefits ten are clearly demarcated It is aobvious.
Cost of manufacture
Material Price
Supersonic generator and ultrasonic transducer 3000 yuan
Solar panel 2000 yuan
Positioner and other materials 500 yuan
Draw water water pump and propeller 1000 yuan
Amount to 6500 yuan
Apparatus of the present invention estimate cost for 6500 yuan, and price is more or less the same with the ultrasonic algae-removing instrument of in the market.

Claims (4)

1. solar panel and the solar panel lower end of a kind of self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier, including top Fornix formula shell, in the cavity that fornix formula shell and solar panel are formed, solar panel by inverter with Battery is connected, and battery is connected with supersonic generator and ultrasonic transducer successively;
Have one layer of waterproof layer below ultrasonic transducer, battery by wire through waterproof layer successively with water pump and propeller Connection, has permeable grid on the fornix formula shell of water pump region, has double layer of metal net below propeller and is clamped in two Activated carbon on layer wire netting.
2. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fornix formula shell is made up of waterproof material.
3. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the solar panel is circle.
4. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the battery is 24V batteries.
CN201510196749.2A 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Self start type ultrasound aeration water body purifier Expired - Fee Related CN104828962B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105494183B (en) * 2015-12-04 2019-03-01 华东师范大学 A kind of enhancing marine carbon converges method and artificial flowing device
CN105565430A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-05-11 武汉大学 Float-type wave energy ultrasonic aeration purifying device
CN105692829A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-06-22 武汉大学 Wave-energy aeration, flocculation and purification device
CN105891435A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-24 无锡虹业自动化工程有限公司 Bidirectional symmetry type sewage purification and detection mechanism
CN107162235A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-15 湖北工业大学 A kind of solar energy lake water oxygenation type purifier
CN109336316A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-02-15 湖北工业大学 A kind of method of quick control cyanobacteria
CN110894103A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-03-20 南京公诚节能新材料研究院有限公司 Artificial aquatic ecological restoration waterweed and application thereof

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CN201268635Y (en) * 2008-09-28 2009-07-08 北京京阳环保工程有限公司 Solar energy water activating device
CN101402472A (en) * 2008-11-17 2009-04-08 陈伟东 Aquatic ecology renovation machine
CN103129713B (en) * 2013-03-19 2016-01-06 重庆大学 A kind of algae-removing method of being applicable to river channel type water body and mobile except algae platform
CN103754983B (en) * 2014-02-10 2015-05-20 天津市水利科学研究院 Solar water surface algae removal system and water surface algae removal method
CN104310663B (en) * 2014-11-14 2017-01-25 厦门大学 Combined system for hydroxyl radical (.OH) strong oxidation treatment of high algae-laden water

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Inventor after: Zhao Pengcheng

Inventor after: Zhang Yuhua

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Inventor after: Zhao Pengcheng

Inventor after: Zhang Yuhua

Inventor before: Zhao Pengcheng

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Granted publication date: 20170613

Termination date: 20200423