CN104828342B - A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking - Google Patents

A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104828342B
CN104828342B CN201510116184.2A CN201510116184A CN104828342B CN 104828342 B CN104828342 B CN 104828342B CN 201510116184 A CN201510116184 A CN 201510116184A CN 104828342 B CN104828342 B CN 104828342B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sieve plate
solid feed
unpacking
plate
conveying
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510116184.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104828342A (en
Inventor
张涛
李云梅
丁乙
刘道辉
张丽彬
邵永吉
刘天畅
姜峰
Original Assignee
华侨大学
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Publication date
Application filed by 华侨大学 filed Critical 华侨大学
Priority to CN201510116184.2A priority Critical patent/CN104828342B/en
Publication of CN104828342A publication Critical patent/CN104828342A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104828342B publication Critical patent/CN104828342B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • B65B69/0008Opening and emptying bags

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking, including conveying mechanism, cut mechanism and storage bin, packed solid feed is transmitted to the other end by one end of the conveying mechanism, conveying mechanism drives packed solid feed to cut mechanism by described, so that solid feed enters storage bin after packaging bag rupture, also include sieve plate, the other end of the conveying mechanism is adjacent with one end of sieve plate, so that packed solid feed enters one end of the sieve plate by one end of conveying mechanism, it is described to cut one end that mechanism is arranged at the sieve plate, to cut the packaging bag of packed solid feed, solid feed falls to entering storage bin by the mesh of sieve plate.The present invention is capable of achieving the automatic of packed solid feed and unpacks and blanking, the artificial input of production scene is reduced, while improving the working environment of operating personnel.

Description

A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking

Technical field

Unpacked blanking device the present invention relates to one kind, it is more particularly to a kind of to be unpacked suitable for the automatic of packed solid feed Blanking device.

Background technology

In the production of chemical engineering industry, during the unpacking with blanking of solid feed, due to collision, vibrations or rise China, can form the chemical gas or dust that can be sucked by human body.By taking the urea used in industrial denitration as an example, packed urea exists In blanking process, because collision, vibrations or distillation can form chemical gas or dust with penetrating odor, traditional unpacks Cutting mode is artificial blanking of unpacking, it is desirable to thorough personal protection is carried out to operating personnel, while also to enter to operating personnel The training of row working specification, even so, the such work of long campaigns can still suck a small amount of chemical gas or dust, to people Body has undesirable effect, and even results in the generation of occupational disease.

The content of the invention

A kind of deficiency it is an object of the invention to overcome prior art, there is provided automatic blanking device of unpacking, is capable of achieving bag The automatic of dress solid feed is unpacked and blanking, the artificial input of production scene is reduced, while improving the work of operating personnel Environment.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking, including conveying Mechanism, mechanism and storage bin are cut, the packed solid feed is transmitted to the other end, conveyer by one end of the conveying mechanism Structure drives packed solid feed to cut mechanism by described, so that solid feed enters storage bin after packaging bag rupture, also wraps Sieve plate is included, the other end of the conveying mechanism is adjacent with one end of sieve plate, so that packed solid feed passes through the one of conveying mechanism End enters one end of the sieve plate, described to cut one end that mechanism is arranged at the sieve plate, to cut the bag of packed solid feed Pack, solid feed falls to entering storage bin by the mesh of sieve plate.

Also include range controlling mechanism, the range controlling mechanism includes baffle plate, PLC control system and motor;Institute State the folding that baffle plate setting passes through the motor controlling baffle plate in the other end of the sieve plate, the PLC control system.

Travel switch is provided with the baffle plate, to judge whether packed solid feed advances in place.

The quantity of the baffle plate is two, and two baffle plate is respectively to the both sides folding of the sieve plate;The motor leads to Cross an anti-parallelogram mechanism and drive two baffle plate foldings.

Preferably, also including vibrator, the vibrator is installed on the bottom of the sieve plate, with oscillating screen plate.

Preferably, also including buffer spring, buffer spring is installed on the bottom of the sieve plate.

Preferably, the mechanism that cuts includes several vertically disposed blades, the blade and the sieve plate Joint.

Preferably, the blade of the blade is arcuate structure.

Preferably, the motor is stepper motor.

Preferably, the storage bin includes a charging aperture, and the charging aperture is up big and down small cylinder, and the charging aperture is arranged at The lower section of the sieve plate.

The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:

1st, conveying mechanism drives packed solid feed to enter sieve plate by cutting mechanism, cuts after mechanism scratches packaging bag, Solid feed enters storage bin by the mesh of sieve plate, so that packed solid feed completes automatic blanking of unpacking;By sieve plate It is mesh-structured, packed solid feed can be made to fall into storage bin under small vibration, considerably reduce because solid feed is mutual Collide brought dust, simultaneously because reducing contact of the operating personnel with chemical materials, improves the work of operating personnel Make environment;

2nd, operating personnel only needs to be sequentially placed packed solid feed in one end of the conveying mechanism, you can complete chemical industry The blanking procedure of unpacking of the packed solid feed in industrial production, while by the mesh of sieve plate to the guiding of solid feed, Gu State raw material accurately can be fallen into storage bin, and the solid feed for dropping is reclaimed without operating personnel, considerably reduce scene Artificial input, more saves production cost;

3rd, including range controlling mechanism, baffle plate folding is operated by PLC control system, regulates and controls packed solid feed in sieve plate On residence time, it is ensured that the solid feed in packaging bag can be entirely fallen in storage bin, and can by adjust PLC control system The parameter of system, to realize the automatic blanking of unpacking of the packed solid feed of Different Weight specification, more conforms to actually used need Will.

The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples;But one kind of the invention is unpacked down automatically Material device is not limited to embodiment.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;

Fig. 2 is partial structurtes enlarged drawing of the invention;

Fig. 3 is the top view of sieve plate part of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the connection diagram of anti-parallelogram mechanism of the invention;

Wherein:1st, conveying mechanism;2nd, mechanism is cut;3rd, storage bin, 31, charging aperture;4th, sieve plate;5th, vibrator;6th, buffer Spring;7th, range controlling mechanism, 71, baffle plate, 71a, first baffle, 71b, second baffle, 72, motor, 73, antiparallel four Bian Xing mechanisms, 73a, driving shaft, 73b, driven shaft, 73c, drive connecting rod, 73d, follower link, 73e, connecting rod, 74, stroke opens Close.

Specific embodiment

Embodiment

Refer to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking of the invention, including conveying mechanism 1, cut machine Structure 2 and storage bin 3, the packed solid feed are transmitted to the other end by one end of the conveying mechanism 1, and conveying mechanism 1 drives Packed solid feed cuts mechanism 2 by described, so that solid feed enters storage bin 3 after packaging bag rupture, also including sieve Plate 4, the other end of the conveying mechanism 1 is adjacent with one end of sieve plate 4, so that packed solid feed passes through the one of conveying mechanism 1 End enters one end of the sieve plate 4, described to cut one end that mechanism 2 is arranged at the sieve plate 4, to cut packed solid feed Packaging bag, solid feed falls to entering storage bin 3 by the mesh of sieve plate 4.

Further, the conveying mechanism 1 is a conveyer belt, and its one end is less than the other end, and packed solid feed is from biography One end of band is sent to transmit to the other end.

Further, the mechanism 2 that cuts includes several vertically disposed blades, the blade and the sieve plate 4 Joint.The blade of the blade is arcuate structure, and the process for making packed solid feed be contacted with blade is more gentle, to prevent Blade is caused to break because resistance is excessive.

Further, also including vibrator 5, the vibrator 5 is installed on the bottom of the sieve plate 4, with oscillating screen plate 4。

Further, also including buffer spring 6, buffer spring 6 is installed on the bottom of the sieve plate 4.Include four altogether Buffer spring 6, is respectively arranged at the corner of the sieve plate 4, so that the vibration amplitude of sieve plate 4 is more steady.

Further, also including range controlling mechanism 7, the range controlling mechanism 7 includes that baffle plate 71, PLC controls system System and motor 72;The baffle plate 71 is arranged at the other end of the sieve plate 4, and the PLC control system is by the driving The folding of the controlling baffle plate 71 of motor 72.

Further, travel switch 74 is provided with the baffle plate 71, to judge whether packed solid feed advances to Position.

Further, the quantity of the baffle plate 71 is two, and two baffle plate 71 is opened to the both sides of the sieve plate 4 respectively Close;The motor 72 drives two baffle plate foldings by an anti-parallelogram mechanism 73.The contra-parallelogram Mechanism 73 includes driving shaft 73a, driven shaft 73b, drive connecting rod 73c and follower link 73d, drive connecting rod 73c and follower link 73d is hinged by connecting rod 73e, drive connecting rod 73c and driving shaft 73a Joints, follower link 73d and driven shaft 73b phases It is affixed.

Two baffle plates 71 are respectively first baffle 71a and second baffle 71b, the first baffle 71a and driving shaft 73a Joints, with rotation, the second baffle 71b and driven shaft 73b Joints with driving shaft 73a rotations, with driven shaft 73b is rotated and rotated.

By taking state shown in Fig. 4 as an example, when baffle plate 71 opens, motor 72 drives drive connecting rod 73c to rotate counterclockwise, Drive connecting rod 73c drives follower link 73d to rotate clockwise by connecting rod 73e, and first baffle 71a is rotated with driving shaft 73a Opened with rotating counterclockwise, second baffle 71b is rotated clockwise with driven shaft 73b and opened.Similarly, when motor 72 reversely drives When moving the drive connecting rod 73c, baffle plate 71 is closed.

Further, the motor 72 is stepper motor.Using stepper motor as driving, can be more precisely The control anglec of rotation.

Further, the storage bin 3 includes a charging aperture 31, and the charging aperture 31 is up big and down small cylinder, and this enters Material mouth 31 is arranged at the lower section of the sieve plate 4.

Above-described embodiment is only used for further illustrating a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking of the invention, but the present invention not office Be limited to embodiment, every any simple modification made to above example according to technical spirit of the invention, equivalent variations with Modification, each falls within the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking, including conveying mechanism, mechanism and storage bin are cut, packed solid feed is by described defeated One end of mechanism is sent to transmit to the other end, conveying mechanism drives packed solid feed to cut mechanism by described, so that solid-state is former Material enters storage bin after packaging bag rupture, it is characterised in that:
Also include sieve plate, the other end of the conveying mechanism is adjacent with one end of sieve plate, so that packed solid feed is by conveying One end of mechanism enters one end of the sieve plate;It is described to cut one end that mechanism is arranged at the sieve plate, to cut packed solid-state The packaging bag of raw material, solid feed falls to entering storage bin by the mesh of sieve plate;
Also include range controlling mechanism, the range controlling mechanism includes baffle plate, PLC control system and motor;The gear Plate is arranged at the other end of the sieve plate, the folding that the PLC control system passes through the motor controlling baffle plate;Pass through PLC control system operates baffle plate folding, regulates and controls residence time of the packed solid feed on sieve plate, it is ensured that the solid-state in packaging bag Raw material can be entirely fallen in storage bin;
Travel switch is provided with the baffle plate, to judge whether packed solid feed advances in place;The quantity of the baffle plate is Two, two baffle plate is respectively to the both sides folding of the sieve plate;The motor is driven by an anti-parallelogram mechanism Two baffle plate foldings.
2. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include vibrator, it is described to swash The device that shakes is installed on the bottom of the sieve plate, with oscillating screen plate.
3. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include buffer spring, buffering Spring is installed on the bottom of the sieve plate.
4. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The mechanism that cuts is including some Individual vertically disposed blade, the blade and the sieve plate Joint.
5. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The blade of the blade is arc Structure.
6. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The motor is stepping electricity Machine.
7. a kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The storage bin includes a charging Mouthful, the charging aperture is up big and down small cylinder, and the charging aperture is arranged at the lower section of the sieve plate.
CN201510116184.2A 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking CN104828342B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510116184.2A CN104828342B (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510116184.2A CN104828342B (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of automatic blanking device of unpacking

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CN104828342A CN104828342A (en) 2015-08-12
CN104828342B true CN104828342B (en) 2017-06-20

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105173277B (en) * 2015-08-14 2017-10-31 厦门理工学院 Automatic drawing mechanism of unpacking
CN105501577B (en) * 2015-12-07 2018-01-12 福州大学 It is a kind of it is parallel walk blade unpack automatically drawing mechanism
CN105564754A (en) * 2016-02-18 2016-05-11 华侨大学 Automatic bag opening and discharging device
CN106672357B (en) * 2016-11-22 2018-10-19 中国计量大学 A kind of discharge method of unpacking automatically
CN106428858B (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-04-09 上海应用技术大学 Material bag scratches feeding device automatically
CN106807287B (en) * 2016-12-30 2019-03-19 唐华烨 Coating raw material mixing stirring device

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1507657A1 (en) * 1987-02-09 1989-09-15 В. С. Уткин Device for emptying bags with loose material
CN200995187Y (en) * 2007-01-13 2007-12-26 孙传法 Chinese-medicine sifting machine
CN202345985U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-07-25 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Python-type high-efficiency and environmentally-friendly weight adding device
CN202400341U (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-08-29 田立杰 Automatic device for breaking bags and conveying bagged material powder
CN202429364U (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-09-12 宁波顺泽橡胶有限公司 Feeding control mechanism for packaging production line
CN202848131U (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-04-03 武汉科技大学 Powdery material automatic bag-breaking discharge device for mine filling process
CN203902953U (en) * 2014-04-10 2014-10-29 重庆市广博塑料袋有限公司 Cement bag fast unpacking device
CN104229238B (en) * 2014-09-02 2017-03-15 毕剑川 Bag opening machine and water treatment system
CN204587477U (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-08-26 华侨大学 A kind of packed solid feed is unpacked blanking device automatically

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