CN104820849A - Traceability system suitable for PCB manufacturing - Google Patents

Traceability system suitable for PCB manufacturing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104820849A
CN104820849A CN201510192726.4A CN201510192726A CN104820849A CN 104820849 A CN104820849 A CN 104820849A CN 201510192726 A CN201510192726 A CN 201510192726A CN 104820849 A CN104820849 A CN 104820849A
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China
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dimensional code
pcb
step
production
traceability system
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CN201510192726.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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孙振晖
李民
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上海凯思尔电子有限公司
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Publication of CN104820849A publication Critical patent/CN104820849A/en

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Abstract

A traceability system suitable for PCB manufacturing comprises a plurality of two-dimensional code makers disposed at a starting end of a production line, before a laminating step, after the laminating step and before the step of molding and shipment, two-dimensional code readers disposed at equipment feeding ports of different production steps, and a traceability system database. The two-dimensional code makers and the two-dimensional code readers are in communication connection with the traceability system database. Each two-dimensional code maker stores information on a two-dimensional code made on a PCB into the traceability system database. When the PCB enters production steps after the corresponding two-dimensional code maker, the two-dimensional code reader of each production step reads out the independent two-dimensional code on the PCB, and stores the two-dimensional code, code reader number and readout time into the traceability system database. Before the step of molding and shipment, the two-dimensional code is made on the surface of the PCB through a two-dimensional code ink-jet printer or a two-dimensional code laser coding machine. The entire production process of the PCB can be traced more accurately and conveniently.

Description

适用于PCB制造的追溯系统 Suitable PCB manufacturing tracking system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及PCB制造技术领域,具体涉及一种适用于PCB制造的追溯系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of manufacturing PCB, in particular to a manufacture suitable tracking system PCB.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 产品问题的原因追溯是每个行业的制造商都面临的一个严峻挑战,从汽车制造行业到航空航天业,从医疗到食品行业,无不如此。 [0002] The reason dates back to product problems is a serious challenge manufacturers are facing each industry, from automobile manufacturing industry to the aerospace industry, from health care to food industry, just a few. 在一个全球化的时代,企业追求关系管理, 以实现客户满意度的最大化。 In an era of globalization, the pursuit of business relationship management, in order to maximize customer satisfaction. 消费和环境法规越来越严格,因此可追溯性就变得更有必要。 Consumer and environmental regulations become more stringent, and therefore it becomes more necessary traceability. 制造商比以往任何时候都追求生产能力最大化,并希望降低成本。 Manufacturers than ever are seeking to maximize production capacity and want to reduce costs. 为了实现这一目标,必须监控整个制造流程中的每一个工序,并保存完整的历史记录。 To achieve this goal, we must monitor the entire manufacturing process of each process, and preserved history. 必须快速识别并纠正影响产品质量的问题,防止有缺陷的产品继续沿生产线往下流动,其最终目标是尽量实现零产品退货率。 Must quickly identify and correct problems that affect the quality of the product, to prevent defective products continues to flow down along the production line, with the ultimate goal is to try to achieve zero product return rates.

[0003] 在电子行业中,PCB的生产同样需要满足客户对追溯性的要求,在发现问题时,客户希望可以快速定位问题原因和受影响的产品范围。 [0003] In the electronics industry, the production of PCB also need to meet customer demands for traceability of the problem is found, the customer would like to quickly locate the cause of the problem and the affected product range. 通常,PCB生产的追溯系统都采用lot 卡(生产流程信息卡),通过lot卡追踪管理PCB的生产,在出货给客户的产品上用周期号标不〇 Usually, PCB production lot traceability systems use the card (the production process information card), through the production lot tracking management of the PCB card, shipped to the customer on the product does not square with the cycle Symbol

[0004] 然而,现有的基于lot卡的PCB生产追溯系统存在诸多问题。 [0004] However, there are many problems with existing card-based PCB production lot traceability system. 当客户发现产品出现问题时,通过lot卡只能知道产品的生产周期,追查产品的生产状况非常困难。 When customers find the products have problems, by lot card you can only know the production cycle, production status of products is very difficult to trace. 对于现阶段PCB越来越高的对位要求,在同一生产过程中,可能会因为PCB板料涨缩不同而使用不同的工具,并且在不同时间由不同的生产线生产。 For increasing the stage PCB alignment requirements, in the same production process, because the PCB material may be collapsible different use different tools, and produced by different lines at different times. 根据lot卡管理的要求,同一生产流程中需要等到所有流程信息都制作完成后,才能将PCB板出货到下工序,进行下一个工序的生产。 The card management requires lot of the same production process needs to wait until all the process information is finished, the PCB can be shipped to the next step, the next step is production. 因此,当同一PCB板料因涨缩而使用不同工具生产和翻洗时,需要等待很长时间才能出货到下工序。 Thus, when the same PCB sheet by sizing using different tools produced and wash turn, requires a long wait before the next step to the ship.

[0005] 对为了解决上述问题,需要建立一个新的PCB产品追溯系统,该PCB产品追溯系统能够更准确、便捷的追溯PCB生产的整个过程,并且它不影响PCB的正常生产效率。 [0005] In order to solve the above problems, the need to establish a new PCB product traceability system, the PCB traceability system can be more accurate, the whole process convenient retroactive PCB production, and it does not affect the normal production efficiency of the PCB.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的是为了克服现有技术存在的不足,提供一种能够更准确、便捷的追溯PCB的整个生产过程的适用于PCB制造的追溯系统,该追溯系统还不会影响PCB的正常生产效率。 [0006] The object of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art, to provide a more accurate, traceability throughout the production process perfectly suitable for retroactive PCB PCB manufacturing, the tracking system will not affect the PCB normal productivity.

[0007] 本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的:一种适用于PCB制造的追溯系统,包括设置于生产线始端、层压工序之前、层压工序之后及成型出货工序之前的多个二维码制作设备、 设置于每个生产工序的设备入料口处的二维码读码器及追溯系统数据库,所述二维码制作设备、所述二维码读码器均与所述追溯系统数据库通讯连接;每个二维码制作设备均将在PCB上制作的二维编码信息储存到追溯系统数据库中;在每次层压工序完成后采用新的独立二维编码;当PCB进入相应二维码制作设备之后的生产工序时,每个工序设备入料口处的二维码读码器读取PCB上的独立二维编码,并将二维编码、读码器编号、读取时间储存到追溯系统数据库中,用于追溯PCB的生产过程;成型出货工序之前,通过二维码喷墨打印机或者二维码激光打码机在PCB产品的板面上制作二维码, [0007] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: A suitable PCB manufacturing traceability system, comprising a leading end disposed on the production line, prior to the lamination step, after the lamination step and before the step of forming a plurality of two-dimensional codes shipment production equipment, two-dimensional code is provided at the feed inlet of each device production step and traceability code reader system database, the two-dimensional code production apparatus, the two-dimensional code reader system are a database with the traceability communication connection; each production device are two-dimensional code will be created on the PCB dimensional code information stored in the traceability system database; new independent two-dimensional code after each laminating step is completed; when the PCB into the respective two-dimensional when the code after making the production process equipment, two-dimensional code into the feed opening at each step of the reading device reads the two-dimensional code on the PCB independent, and the two-dimensional code, ID code reader, to read the stored time traceability system database, for drill production process of PCB; ship before the forming step to form a two-dimensional product code on the plate by the two-dimensional code PCB ink jet printer or laser coders two-dimensional code, 便客户追溯。 Customers will be retroactive.

[0008] 层压工序之前采用二维码喷墨打印机或者二维码激光打码机,生产线始端、层压工序之后均采用二维码机械钻孔制作设备。 [0008] The two-dimensional code before the lamination step an ink jet printer or laser coder two-dimensional code, the production line starting end, after the lamination step two-dimensional code are mechanical drilling, production equipment.

[0009] 本发明的有益效果是:本发明方法是将生产过程中的每块PCB板进行独立编码, 并且在每次层压完成后进行新的独立编码,并配合每个生产工序的设备入料口处的二维码读码器及用于储存二维编码的追溯系统数据库,来更准确、便捷的追溯PCB的整个生产过程,并且该追溯系统还不会影响PCB的正常生产效率。 [0009] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: the method of the present invention each PCB board production process carried out independently coded, and coding a new independent after each completion of lamination, and fitted into each of the production process equipment two-dimensional code at the discharge port and means for traceability code reader system database stores two-dimensional code, more accurately, the traceability convenient PCB entire production process, and the traceability system also does not affect the normal production efficiency of the PCB.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1是本发明的原理框图; 图2是广品问题追踪原理框图。 [0010] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a wide product tracking problem.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0011] 下面结合附图对本发明作进一步说明。 [0011] The following drawings in conjunction with the present invention will be further described.

[0012] 一种适用于PCB制造的追溯系统,包括设置于生产线始端、层压工序之前、层压工序之后及成型出货工序之前的多个二维码制作设备、设置于每个生产工序的设备入料口处的二维码读码器及追溯系统数据库,二维码制作设备、二维码读码器均与追溯系统数据库通讯连接;每个二维码制作设备均将在PCB上制作的二维编码信息储存到追溯系统数据库中;在每次层压工序完成后采用新的独立二维编码;当PCB进入相应二维码制作设备之后的生产工序时,每个工序设备入料口处的二维码读码器读取PCB上的独立二维编码,并将二维编码、读码器编号、读取时间储存到追溯系统数据库中,用于追溯PCB的生产过程;成型出货工序之前,通过二维码喷墨打印机或者二维码激光打码机在PCB产品的板面的Set 和Unit内制作二维码,方便客户追溯。 [0012] A suitable PCB manufacturing traceability system, comprising a leading end disposed on the production line, prior to the lamination step, after the lamination step and before the step of forming a plurality of two-dimensional codes shipment production apparatus, provided in each of the production process device feed inlet dimensional code reader at the database and traceability system, production equipment dimensional code, the two-dimensional code readers are connected to communicate with the database traceability system; each two-dimensional codes will be produced in each production device on the PCB the two-dimensional code information stored in the traceability system database; new independent two-dimensional code after each laminating step is completed; when the PCB into the respective two-dimensional code after the production process production equipment, each step of the discharge opening device two-dimensional code reader to read at the two-dimensional code on separate PCB, and the two-dimensional code, ID code reader, to read the stored time traceability system database, for drill production process of PCB; molded shipping before the step, the two-dimensional code by an inkjet printer or a laser coders produce two-dimensional code in the two-dimensional code Unit Set and a PCB board products, facilitate customer traceability.

[0013] 整个流程如表1所示,生产线始端、层压工序之前、层压工序之后及成型出货工序之前均在PCB上制作的二维编码,并且在每次层压工序完成后采用新的独立二维编码。 [0013] Table 1 shows the entire flow, beginning of the production line, prior to the lamination step, after the lamination step and before the forming step shipment are produced two-dimensional code on the PCB, and after each new step to complete the lamination independent two-dimensional code. 生产线始端、层压工序之后均采用机械钻孔的方式制作二维码;层压工序之前采用二维码喷墨打印机或者二维码激光打码机进行过渡。 Beginning of the production line, after lamination mechanical drilling processes are used to produce two-dimensional code embodiment; inkjet printer using two-dimensional code or two-dimensional code laser coders transition prior to the lamination step.

[0014] 表1 [0014] TABLE 1

Figure CN104820849AD00051

如图1所示,在相应二维码制作设备之后的每个工序的设备入料口处均安装有二维码读码器,当PCB进入该设备时,二维码读码器将读取的PCB上的独立二维编码、读码器编号及读取时间储存到数据库中,用于追溯PCB的生产过程。 1, in the apparatus the feed inlet of each step after the two-dimensional code corresponding production equipment are attached to the two-dimensional code reading device, when the PCB enters the apparatus, the two-dimensional code reader reads independent two-dimensional code on the PCB, and the ID reader reads the time stored in the database, for drill PCB production process.

[0015]PCB生产线中设置追溯系统的目的是在发生问题时,能够通过追溯系统找出问题产品的生产情况。 [0015] PCB production line tracking system is provided in the object when a problem occurs, it is possible to identify the products in question by the production traceability system. 造成产品质量波动的原因主要有5个因素,简称4M1E: a) 人(Man/Manpower):操作者对质量的认识、技术熟练程度、身体状况等; b) 机器(Machine):机器设备、工夹具的精度和维护保养状况等; c) 材料(Material):材料的成分、物理性能和化学性能等; d) 方法(Method):这里包括加工工艺、工装选择、操作规程等; e) 环境(Environment):工作地的温度、湿度、照明和清洁条件等。 Cause fluctuations in product quality are mainly five factors referred to 4M1E: a) person (Man / Manpower): The operator awareness of quality, technical proficiency, physical condition; b) machine (Machine): machinery and equipment, industrial jig precision and maintenance status; c) material (material): the component materials, physical properties and chemical properties; D) method (method): this includes processing, tooling selection, operating rules; E) environment ( Environment): the working temperature, humidity, lighting and cleaning conditions.

[0016] 因此,为了可以在PCB产品发生问题时及时找到问题原因,需要通过产品编码,找到每个工序生产时的4M1E,通过本发明的追溯系统可以快速、准确的确认PCB发生问题时的生产设备及生产时间,再通过图2所示的各项记录,确认4M1E,找出产品问题原因。 [0016] Accordingly, to timely find the cause of the problem when the problem occurs PCB products, product code need to find 4M1E at each step of production to be quickly and accurately confirm the production problem occurs when the PCB traceability system of the present invention equipment and production time, and through the recording shown in Figure 2, confirm 4M1E, find out why product issues.

[0017] 最后应当说明的是,以上内容仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对本发明保护范围的限制,本领域的普通技术人员对本发明的技术方案进行的简单修改或者等同替换, 均不脱离本发明技术方案的实质和范围。 [0017] Finally, it should be noted that the above are intended to illustrate the present invention, not to limit the scope of the present invention, simple modification to those of ordinary skill in the art of the technical solution of the present invention or equivalent replacements are without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. 一种适用于PCB制造的追溯系统,其特征在于:所述适用于PCB制造的追溯系统包括设置于生产线始端、层压工序之前、层压工序之后及成型出货工序之前的多个二维码制作设备、设置于每个生产工序的设备入料口处的二维码读码器及追溯系统数据库,所述二维码制作设备、所述二维码读码器均与所述追溯系统数据库通讯连接;每个二维码制作设备均将在PCB上制作的二维编码信息储存到追溯系统数据库中;在每次层压工序完成后采用新的独立二维编码;当PCB进入相应二维码制作设备之后的生产工序时,每个工序设备入料口处的二维码读码器读取PCB上的独立二维编码,并将二维编码、读码器编号、读取时间储存到追溯系统数据库中,用于追溯PCB的生产过程;成型出货工序之前,通过二维码喷墨打印机或者二维码激光打码机在PCB产品的板面上制作二维码 A suitable PCB manufacturing traceability system, characterized in that: said suitable PCB manufacturing traceability system includes a leading end disposed on the production line, prior to the lamination step, after the lamination step and prior to forming the plurality of two shipping step production equipment dimensional code, the two-dimensional code is provided at the feed inlet of each device production step and traceability code reader system database, the two-dimensional code production apparatus, the two-dimensional code reader are traced with the communication system database connection; each production device are two-dimensional code will be created on the PCB dimensional code information stored in the traceability system database; new independent two-dimensional code after each laminating step is completed; when the PCB into the respective after the production step of two-dimensional code production equipment, two-dimensional code into the feed opening at each step of the reading device reads the two-dimensional code on the PCB independent, and the two-dimensional code, ID code reader, reading time storing the traceability system database, for drill production process of PCB; ship before the forming step to form a two-dimensional product code on the plate by the two-dimensional code PCB ink jet printer or laser coders two-dimensional code 方便客户追溯。 Facilitate customer traceability.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的适用于PCB制造的追溯系统,其特征在于:层压工序之前采用二维码喷墨打印机或者二维码激光打码机,生产线始端、层压工序之后均采用二维码机械钻孔制作设备。 According to claim 1, applicable to the tracking system manufactured by the PCB, wherein: the ink jet printer using the two-dimensional code or two-dimensional code before lamination step laser coders, line starting end, after the lamination processes are used two-dimensional code drilling machinery production equipment.
CN201510192726.4A 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Traceability system suitable for PCB manufacturing CN104820849A (en)

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CN106373904A (en) * 2016-09-29 2017-02-01 广州兴森快捷电路科技有限公司 Production marking method of IC (Integrated Circuit) support plate
CN107041063A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-08-11 东莞市威力固电路板设备有限公司 The processing method and multi-layer PCB of a kind of multi-layer PCB

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CN105654160A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-06-08 沛顿科技(深圳)有限公司 Method for preparing unique identification code of memory chip
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