CN104820733A - A high-speed train requirement meta model establishing method and device - Google Patents

A high-speed train requirement meta model establishing method and device Download PDF

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CN104820733A
CN104820733A CN 201510185536 CN201510185536A CN104820733A CN 104820733 A CN104820733 A CN 104820733A CN 201510185536 CN201510185536 CN 201510185536 CN 201510185536 A CN201510185536 A CN 201510185536A CN 104820733 A CN104820733 A CN 104820733A
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metamodel
needs
high
demand
model
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CN 201510185536
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Chinese (zh)
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王万静
李恒奎
杜健
孙高峰
邓小军
刘韶庆
王军
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南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/50Computer-aided design

Abstract

The present invention relates to a high-speed train field, in particular, to a high-speed train requirement meta model establishing and processing method, which includes: obtaining full set data of an pre-established high-speed train structural tree, the high-speed train structural tree being established and obtained based on the high-speed train structure; using the full set data of the pre-established high-speed train structural tree, to successively select a requirement item corresponding to each structure point in the high-speed train structural tree, and determining the requirement items as requirement objects of the requirement meta model; determining object attributes and attribute related information of each requirement object of the requirement meta model; according to the object attributes and attribute related information of each requirement object, establishing the requirement meta model; and storing each established requirement meta model in a database to form a requirement meta model database, the requirement meta model database being used to output corresponding requirement meta model data in response to a command for invoking the requirement meta model when receiving the command for invoking the requirement meta model to constitute various structures of the high-speed train.

Description

一种高速列车需求元模型建立方法和装置 Element model of a high-speed train needs to establish a method and apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及数据处理技术领域,特别是涉及一种高速列车需求元模型建立方法和 [0001] Technical Field The present invention relates to data processing, and more particularly to a high-speed train needs to establish a method and metamodel

目.0 Head .0

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着交通运输技术的发展,高速列车目前成为铁路运输技术的研宄热点。 [0002] With the development of transportation technology, high-speed trains now become a hot study based on rail transport technology. 高速列车是在现有的柴油机车、电力机车和铁路的基础上,对动力系统、行走系统、车厢外形和路轨系统等加以改进而得到的一种时速更快的列车。 Is one kind of high-speed train speed based on the existing diesel locomotives, electric locomotives and the rail, to improve the power system, running the system, and rail systems, carriages shape obtained faster train. 在现有技术的高速列车的设计和开发过程中,首先需要确定需求数据以指导产品设计。 In the design and development of high-speed trains of the prior art, first we need to determine the needs of data to guide product design. 其中,高速列车需求数据是通过收集得到的所有有关客户针对高速列车产品的提出的具体要求集合,它是指导产品设计的重要依据,并为新客户或客户的新订单提供出相关的填写模板来引导客户完成新订单的生成。 Among them, high-speed trains demand data is all about customers collected set of specific requirements raised by high-speed train products, it is an important basis for guiding product design, and provide the relevant fill in a template for new customers or new customers orders guide customers to generate new orders. 需求数据的收集来源主要与高速列车的运用环境、运行线路以及客户所要求的关键性要求、旅客所需要的功能要求相关联。 The main source of demand data collection and the use of high-speed trains environment, run the line and key requirements requested by the customer, travelers need functional requirements associated. 在现有技术中,当车辆生产厂商接到订单之后,需要人为对订单的技术指标进行分解,分解到各个组分模块,如承载组分、行走组分和车体组分等,之后各组分对应的研发部门将对应的技术指标,设计人员根据自身的设计经验,按照技术指标的要求,将指标对应转化为需求数据。 In the prior art, when the vehicle manufacturer to the order, the order requires human technical indicators of the decomposition module to the individual components, such as carrier component, the component and the body components and the like walking, after each group points corresponding R & D department will correspond to the technical specifications, according to the designer's own experience in the design, in accordance with the requirements of technical indicators, the index into the corresponding data needs.

[0003] 然而,发明人在实现本发明的过程中发现,由于确定需求数据的来源复杂,现有技术需要花费大量人员和时间人工处理需求数据,造成研发资源的重复浪费,且使研发进度耽搁。 [0003] However, the inventors in the implementation of the present invention found that, due to the demand data to determine the source of the complex, the art takes a lot of staff time and manual data processing requirements, resulting in wasteful duplication of R & D resources, and make progress in the development delay . 此外,大量的人力操作,导致出错概率较大,不能满足快速开发列车的需求。 In addition, a lot of manpower to operate, resulting in a larger error probability, can not meet the demand for rapid development of the train. 现有并不存在一种有效的需求数据处理方式以解决上述问题。 It does not exist an effective conventional data processing demand to solve the above problems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明公开了一种列车需求元模型建立方法和装置,可以通过建立需求元模型对应各种需求数据,有效提高高速列车的开发效率,减少人力和资源浪费。 [0004] In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention discloses a train needs element models and the apparatus can correspond to various demands need to establish data element model, improve the efficiency of the development of high speed trains, to reduce waste of manpower and resources.

[0005] 技术方案如下: [0005] The technical solutions are as follows:

[0006] 根据本发明实施例的第一方面,公开了一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理方法,所述方法包括: [0006] According to a first aspect of the present invention embodiment, discloses a process and establishing a high-speed train metamodel demand, the method comprising:

[0007] 获取预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,所述高速列车结构树基于所述高速列车的结构建立得到,不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树; [0007] High-speed train acquired pre-established tree ensemble data, to establish a high-speed train tree structure based on the obtained high-speed trains, different types of high-speed trains corresponding to high-speed train structure, a different structure corresponding to a different high-speed train the high-speed train tree;

[0008] 利用所述预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象; [0008] The use of pre-established high-speed train tree of ensemble data, sequentially selecting each of the points corresponding to high-speed train configuration tree demand items, the item needs demand requirements determined object meta model;

[0009] 确定所述需求元模型的各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息;其中,所述对象属性包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种;所述属性关联信息包括隶属关系、包含关系、拥有关系中的一种或多种; [0009] determines the demand for each model of the object meta object attributes and attribute requirements associated information; wherein the object attributes comprise subject attributes, key attribute, attribute passengers, quality constraints of one or more attributes; the association information includes attribute affiliation, comprising a relationship with one or more relationship;

[0010] 根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型; [0010] The need to establish element model of the object attribute of each object needs associated information and the attribute;

[0011] 将建立的各需求元模型保存在数据库中构成需求元模型数据库,所述需求元模型数据库用于当接收到调用所述需求元模型的指令时,响应调用所述需求元模型的指令输出对应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 [0011] Each storage element model needs demand constituting element model database in a database, the database metamodel instructions for, when receiving an instruction element model of the call demand, the demand in response to calls to the metamodel demand metamodel corresponding to the output demand data structure to construct various high-speed train.

[0012] 进一步地,所述需求元模型的需求对象包括列车、车辆、组分、部件、子部件、零件中的一种或多种。 Object needs [0012] Further, the metamodel comprises a train demand, a vehicle, component, member, sub-components, part of one or more.

[0013] 进一步地,所述根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型包括: [0013] Furthermore, the need to establish the properties of each element according to the object model of the object and the properties associated with the demand information comprising:

[0014] 按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取需求对象,根据所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 [0014] metamodel metaclasses according to demand, the demand metamodel classes, instances of the metamodel demand hierarchical order of sequentially selecting requirement objects, according to the need to establish a model element needs target object attributes and their associated information.

[0015] 进一步地,所述需求元模型元类用于描述设计模型中的基本组件;所述需求元模型类用于描述与具体物理对象相关联的模型,由所述需求元模型元类赋值得到;所述需求元模型实例用于描述具体设计对象,由所述需求元模型类赋值得到。 [0015] Further, the metamodel metaclasses demand for the basic components described in the design model; the requirements for class metamodel describing particular physical model associated with the object, by the demand assignment metamodel metaclasses obtained; meta-model describing particular examples of the demand for a design object, by the demand assignment metamodel classes obtained.

[0016] 进一步地,所述方法还包括以下任意一个或多个步骤: [0016] Preferably, the method further comprises any one or more of the following steps:

[0017] 接收用户的修改指令,响应于所述修改指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述修改指令对应的需求元模型进行修改; [0017] receiving a user modification instruction, in response to the call instruction needs modifying metamodel data of the database modification instruction corresponding metamodel needs to be modified;

[0018] 接收用户的删除指令,响应于所述删除指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述删除指令对应的需求元模型进行删除; [0018] receiving a user instruction to delete, in response to the call instruction to delete the data needs metamodel database needs to remove the element corresponding to the model command to delete;

[0019] 接收用户的更新指令,响应于所述更新指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述更新指令对应的需求元模型进行更新。 [0019] receiving a user's update instruction in response to the update instruction calling demand metamodel metamodel data requirements database update instruction corresponding to the update.

[0020] 进一步地,所述方法还包括以下任意一个或多个步骤: [0020] Preferably, the method further comprises any one or more of the following steps:

[0021] 接收用户的显示指令,响应于所述显示指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据,显示所述显示指令对应的需求元模型数据; [0021] receiving a user's instruction to display, in response to the display instruction data needs to call in the meta-model database, display requirements metamodel data corresponding to the display instruction;

[0022] 接收用户的检索指令,响应于所述检索指令查找需求元模型数据库中的数据,输出查找结果。 [0022] receiving a user search command, in response to the retrieval instruction needs to find the data element in the model database, the output of search results.

[0023] 根据本发明实施例的第二方面,公开了一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理装置,所述装置包括: [0023] According to a second aspect of the present invention embodiment, discloses a high-speed train needs to establish and metamodel processing apparatus, said apparatus comprising:

[0024] 获取模块,用于获取预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,所述高速列车结构树基于所述高速列车的结构建立得到,不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树; [0024] acquiring module, for acquiring the high-speed train ensemble data pre-established tree structure, said tree structure to establish high-speed train obtained based on the structure of the high-speed trains, different types of high-speed trains corresponding to the structure of high-speed trains, different structure corresponds to a different high-speed train speed train tree;

[0025] 选取模块,用于利用所述预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象; [0025] selection module, configured to use the pre-established high-speed train tree of ensemble data, sequentially selecting the point corresponding to each structural item needs high-speed train in the tree, the entry is determined as the demand requirements metamodel demand objects;

[0026] 确定模块,用于确定所述需求元模型的各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息;其中,所述对象属性包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种;所述属性关联信息包括隶属关系、包含关系、拥有关系中的一种或多种; [0026] determining means for determining the demand for each object meta model of the object attributes and attribute requirements associated information; wherein said object attribute comprises an attribute of the subject attribute, key attribute, attribute passengers, or quality constraints variety; associated information includes the attribute affiliation, comprising a relationship with one or more relationship;

[0027] 构建模块,用于根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型; [0027] building blocks for the element model according to the need to establish an object attribute of each object and the properties of the needs associated information;

[0028] 数据库建立模块,用于将建立的各需求元模型保存在数据库中构成需求元模型数据库,所述需求元模型数据库用于当接收到调用所述需求元模型的指令时,响应调用所述需求元模型的指令输出对应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 [0028] database establishment module configured to establish respective model element needs to save the configuration database needs metamodel in a database, the database needs metamodel for, when receiving an instruction element model of the call demand, in response to the call said instruction output requirements demand element model meta-model data corresponding to each component to construct high-speed trains.

[0029] 进一步地,所述构建模块具体用于: [0029] Furthermore, specifically for the building blocks:

[0030] 按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取需求对象,根据所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 [0030] metamodel metaclasses according to demand, the demand metamodel classes, instances of the metamodel demand hierarchical order of sequentially selecting requirement objects, according to the need to establish a model element needs target object attributes and their associated information.

[0031] 进一步地,所述装置还包括以下任意一个或多个模块: [0031] Further, the apparatus further comprises any one or more of the following modules:

[0032] 修改模块,用于接收用户的修改指令,响应于所述修改指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述修改指令对应的需求元模型进行修改; [0032] The modification module for modifying the user's instruction received in response to the call instruction needs modifying metamodel data of the database modification instruction corresponding meta-model needs to be modified;

[0033] 删除模块,用于接收用户的删除指令,响应于所述删除指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述删除指令对应的需求元模型进行删除; [0033] deleting module for deleting a user's instruction received in response to the deletion instruction calling metamodel data requirements demand metamodel database corresponding to the deletion instruction is deleted;

[0034] 更新模块,用于接收用户的更新指令,响应于所述更新指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述更新指令对应的需求元模型进行更新。 [0034] The updating module, for updating the user's instruction received in response to the update instruction calling demand metamodel metamodel data requirements database update instruction corresponding to the update.

[0035] 进一步地,所述装置还包括以下任意一个或多个模块: [0035] Further, the apparatus further comprises any one or more of the following modules:

[0036] 显示模块,用于接收用户的显示指令,响应于所述显示指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据,显示所述显示指令对应的需求元模型数据; [0036] The display module for displaying a user's instruction received in response to the display instruction data needs to call in the meta-model database, display requirements metamodel data corresponding to the display instruction;

[0037] 检索模块,用于接收用户的检索指令,响应于所述检索指令查找需求元模型数据库中的数据,输出查找结果。 [0037] The retrieval module for retrieving a user's instruction received in response to the retrieval instruction needs to find the data element in the model database, the output of search results.

[0038] 本发明实施例的一个方面能够达到的有益效果为:在本发明提供的高速列车需求元模型建立和处理方法和装置中,利用预先建立的高速列车结构树数据,依次选取高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项将其作为需求元模型中的需求对象,通过确定需求对象的需求属性以及属性关联信息构建需求元模型,使得建立的需求元模型与高速列车的结构具有对应关系。 [0038] An aspect to achieve the advantages of the embodiments of the present invention are: to establish a high-speed requirement meta model train provided by the invention and a processing method and apparatus, high-speed train tree data established in advance, sequentially selecting high-speed train structure each component corresponding to the point in the tree needs item to a demand for an object needs element model, constructed demand element model needs attribute determination requirement objects and attributes associated information, such needs element model of the structure of high-speed trains with a corresponding relationship. 在具体构建、设计高速列车时,就可以通过调用各结构或组分对应的需求元模型进行相应的设计、构建工作。 When constructing concrete, high-speed train design, can be invoked by the corresponding design requirements metamodel corresponding to each component or components, Construction work. 由于高速列车的各结构、组件均具有对应的需求元模型,因此在设计高速列车时可以调用不同的需求元模型,无需重复设计、研发,因此大大减少了重复的研发工作,充分利用现有资源,提高研发效率,快速高效的完成快速列车的开发设计工作。 Since the high-speed train various structures, components have metamodel corresponding demand, and therefore in the design of high-speed trains can call different needs metamodel, without repeating the design, development, thus greatly reducing the duplication of research and development, make full use of existing resources improve R & D efficiency, fast and efficient completion of development and design work fast train.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0039] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明中记载的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 [0039] In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, briefly introduced hereinafter, embodiments are described below in the accompanying drawings or described in the prior art needed to be used in describing the embodiments the drawings are only some embodiments of the present invention described, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, can derive from these drawings other drawings.

[0040] 图1为本发明实施例提供的一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理方法流程示意图; [0040] FIG. 1 needs a high-speed train element model provided by the process and establishing a schematic flowchart of a method embodiment of the present invention;

[0041]图2为本发明实施例提供的尚速列车结构树的一个不例不意图; [0041] FIG 2 is still Speed ​​Train tree according to an embodiment of an embodiment of the present invention is not intended;

[0042] 图3为本发明实施例提供的需求元模型视图的一个示例示意图; [0042] Figure 3 a view of the model element needs exemplary embodiment provides a schematic embodiment of the invention;

[0043] 图4为本发明实施例提供的需求元模型层级结构示意图; [0043] FIG. 4 schematic structural requirements metamodel hierarchy according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0044]图5本发明实施例提供的列车级元模型示意图; [0044] Figure 5 a schematic view of the present invention train level meta-model according to an embodiment;

[0045] 图6为本发明实施例提供的走行组份需求元模型示意图; [0045] FIG 6 provides an embodiment of the component needs to go schematic model element row of the present invention;

[0046] 图7为本发明实施例提供的高速列车需求元模型建立和处理装置示意图。 [0046] FIG. 7 needs a high-speed train element model provided by establishing a schematic view of apparatus and process embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0047] 为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本发明中的技术方案,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0047] In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solutions of the present invention, the present invention in conjunction with the following drawings in the embodiments, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described in, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention rather than all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都应当属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts shall be made available, should fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0048] 本发明公开了一种高速列车需求元模型建立方法和装置,可以通过建立需求元模型对应各种需求数据,有效提高高速列车的开发效率,减少人力和资源浪费。 [0048] The present invention discloses a high-speed train element model needs to establish a method and apparatus can correspond to various demands need to establish data element model, improve the efficiency of the development of high speed trains, to reduce waste of manpower and resources.

[0049] 参见图1,为本发明实施例提供的一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理方法流程示意图。 [0049] Referring to Figure 1, a high-speed train model element needs to establish and provide the processing flowchart of a method embodiment of the present invention.

[0050] S101,获取预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,所述高速列车结构树基于所述高速列车的结构建立得到,不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树。 [0050] S101, obtaining high-speed train tree pre-established ensemble data, the high-speed train tree structure based on the obtained high-speed train is established, different types of high-speed train speed train corresponding to the structure, the structure of the different high-speed train corresponding to different high-speed train tree.

[0051] 在本发明具体实现时,首先根据高速列车的结构,创建了高速列车结构树。 [0051] In specific implementation of the present invention, first, the configuration of high-speed trains, the high-speed train created tree. 不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树。 Different types of high-speed trains corresponding to high-speed train structure, a different structure corresponding to a different high-speed train speed train tree. 具体实现时,可以基于预先建立的结构树模板以及收集的不同车型的不同结构,动态的组建车型结构树实例,生成高速列车结构树数据库。 Specific implementation, the tree structure can be based on different pre-built templates and a collection of different models, dynamic models of the formation of tree instance, to generate high-speed train tree database. 当在创建具体的高速列车需求元模型时,首先获取所述高速列车对应的高速列车结构树全集数据。 When creating the specific needs of the high-speed train element model, corresponding to first obtain the high-speed train speed train tree ensemble data. 高速列车结构树可以通过高速列车的标识、类型或者名称检索得到。 Tree can be high-speed train, the type or name of the retrieved identified by high-speed trains. 参见图2,为本发明实施例提供的高速列车结构树的一个示例示意图。 Referring to Figure 2, an example of high-speed trains tree according to an embodiment of the present invention, a schematic diagram. 高速列车结构树可以按照列车、车辆、组分(组份)、部件、子部件、零件等层级逐层构建,某一层级又包括不同的组成部分。 High-speed train may be constructed in a hierarchical tree structure layer by layer the train, a vehicle, component (component), component, sub-components, parts and the like, and comprising a level different components. 列车为最高层级,车辆对应某一节或某几节车厢,组分(组份)又包括承载组份、走行组份或者车体组份等。 Train for the highest level, corresponding to a section of the vehicle or a few cars, component (component) in turn comprising a carrier component, component or group of rows down the vehicle body parts and the like groups. 某一组份又可以包括不同的部件层,部件层又可以包括子部件层等。 And a component layers may comprise different components, and may include a sub-layer component member layer. 例如,车辆01包括承载组份01、走行组份02,承载组份01又包括车体结构01、头型结构02、车体断面03、车体附件结构04等。 For example, vehicle 01 includes a bearing component 01, traveling component 02, bearing component 01 further includes a vehicle body structure 01, the first structure 02, the body section 03, the attachment structure 04 of the vehicle body and the like. 每一部件层又可以包括不同的子部件,具体如图2所示。 Each member may include different layers and sub-components, specifically as shown in FIG. 当然,也可以根据其他方式构建高速列车结构树,本发明对此不进行限定,只要构建的高速列车结构树能与高速列车的结构对应即可。 Of course, other means may also be constructed according to the high-speed train tree, according to the present invention which is not limited, as long as the high-speed train constructed tree structure can correspond to high-speed trains.

[0052] S102,利用所述预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象。 [0052] S102, using the high-speed train pre-established tree ensemble data, sequentially selecting each of the points corresponding to high-speed train configuration tree demand items, the item needs determined target customer demand metamodel .

[0053] 在本发明中,需求元模型又可以称之为需求数据元模型,用于表示需求数据的模型。 [0053] In the present invention, and may be referred metamodel needs demand data element model, the model data for indicating the demand.

[0054] 在本发明具体实现时,构建需求元模型时,需求元模型包括需求对象、对象属性(又可称之为需求属性)、属性关联信息(又可称为关系)3个元素。 When [0054] In specific implementation of the present invention, constructed metamodel needs, including needs demand metamodel objects, object properties (attributes in turn called demand), the attribute-related information (may be called a relation) 3 elements.

[0055] 具体实现时,可以采用三元组表示高速列车需求元模型(RMM): [0055] In specific implementation, it may be represented using triple speed train needs metamodel (RMM):

[0056] RMM = {<Object><Property><Associat1n>} [0056] RMM = {<Object> <Property> <Associat1n>}

[0057] 其中,〈Object〉表示需求对象、〈Property〉表示对象属性、〈Associat1n〉表示属性关联信息。 [0057] where, <Object> represents requirement objects, <Property> denotes object attribute, <Associat1n> represents an attribute associated information.

[0058] 具体实现时,如图2所示,可以将高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项确定为需求元模型中的需求对象。 [0058] In specific implementation, as shown, each structure may be tree-point high-speed train corresponding item needs demand as determined target 2 needs metamodel. 其中,需求对象可以包括列车、车辆、组分、部件、子部件、零件中的一种或多种。 Wherein the requirement objects may include one or more train vehicles, components, parts, sub-components, part.

[0059] 具体实现时,需求对象可以表示高速列车不同层次的设计对象,包括了产品、组件、零件等,即高速列车产品结构不同层级的描述。 When [0059] In specific implementation, objects may represent different levels of requirements of high-speed train design objects, including the products, components, parts and the like, which describes the high-speed train product structure of different levels. 具体可以表示为: Specific can be expressed as:

[0060] 〈Object〉 = 〈Product〉|〈Assembly〉|〈Part〉 [0060] <Object> = <Product> | <Assembly> | <Part>

[0061] 其中,〈Product〉表示产品、Assembly表示组件,Part表示零件。 [0061] where, <Product> expressed product, Assembly expressed assembly, Part represents part.

[0062] 在一种可能的实现方式中,所述依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象包括:按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象。 [0062] In one possible implementation, the structure of sequentially selecting the respective entry point corresponding to the needs of high-speed train tree structure, the demand for an object item is determined as needs demand element model comprising: a metadata on demand metaclass model, meta model class needs, demand hierarchical order of sequentially selecting element model of the instance of the structure of each of the points corresponding to high-speed train tree demand items, the item needs to determine the needs demand object metamodel. 其中,所述需求元模型元类用于描述设计模型中的基本组件;所述需求元模型类用于描述与具体物理对象相关联的模型,由所述需求元模型元类赋值得到;所述需求元模型实例用于描述具体设计对象,由所述需求元模型类赋值得到。 Wherein the metamodel metaclasses demand for the basic components described in the design model; the requirements for class metamodel describing particular physical model associated with the object, obtained by the metaclass demand assignment element model; the demand metamodel specific design example is used to describe an object, obtained by the demand assignment metamodel classes.

[0063] S103,确定所述需求元模型的各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息;其中,所述对象属性包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种;所述属性关联信息包括隶属关系、包含关系、拥有关系中的一种或多种。 [0063] S103, the object meta-model to determine each customer demand for the object attributes and their associated information; wherein the object attributes comprise subject attributes, key attribute, attribute passengers, quality constraints of one or more attributes; the association information includes attribute affiliation, comprising a relationship with one or more relationships.

[0064] 前面提到,在构建需求元模型时,需要确定3个元素:需求对象、对象属性以及属性关联信息。 [0064] previously mentioned, when building element model needs, we determined three elements: requirement objects, the object attributes and their associated information. 在确定需求对象后,即需要确定各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息。 After determining requirement objects, i.e., each customer needs to determine object attributes and attribute object associated information.

[0065] 其中,对象属性参数集合可以包含高速列车不同产品层次的相关的需求属性,具体可以包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种。 [0065] wherein the object attribute parameter set can contain different levels of products of high-speed trains attributes related needs, may include one or more specific subject attributes, key attributes, attribute passengers, quality constraints property. 其中,主体需求属性包括路网属性、环境属性);关键需求属性主要对应性能属性、结构属性;旅客需求属性可以包括功能属性、性能属性、约束属性;质量约束属性(英文全称为Total QualityControl,英文缩写为TQC)属性可以包括质量、交货期、过程、服务人员等属性要求。 Wherein the body needs attributes include road network properties, environment properties); key requirement for the attribute mainly corresponds performance properties, structural properties; Avg attributes may include functional properties, performance attributes constraint attribute; quality constraints attribute (English full Total QualityControl, English abbreviated TQC) attributes may include quality, delivery, process, service personnel attribute requirements.

[0066] 对象属性具体可以用下式表示: [0066] DETAILED object attributes can be represented by the formula:

[0067] 〈Property〉= <主体属性> | <关键属性> I <旅客属性> [0067] <Property> = <subject attributes> | <key attributes> I <passenger Properties>

[0068] 对象属性参数的描述由属性标识id、参数名t、参数类型a、参数值V四元组组成,可以描述为Property = {id, t, a, v}。 [0068] The objects described by the attribute identifier attribute parameter id, the name of the parameter t, the type of the parameter a, the parameter value V quad composition, may be described as Property = {id, t, a, v}.

[0069] 其中,属性关联信息又可以称为关系信息用于描述对象属性之间的各种关系信息,主要包括各设计对象之间,即高速列车产品层级对象之间关系、各属性之间的关系以及设计对象与属性之间的关联关系。 [0069] wherein the attribute information associated with the relationship information can be called to describe the various relationships between the information object properties, including between the design objects, i.e., the relationship between the high-speed train between the product level objects of respective attributes relationships and relationships between design objects and attributes. 关联关系信息集合可以定义为一个4元组(a_id,a_role,a_property,a_operat1n)其中a_id为关联向量的标识,a_role为关联角色集合,即与该关联涉及的对象实例或属性的标识,a_property为关联自身的属性,a_operat1n为对关联属性进行操作的方法集。 Information set relationship can be defined as a 4-tuple (a_id, a_role, a_property, a_operat1n) wherein a_id to identify the associated vector, a_role as association roles set, i.e., identifying the object instance or properties of the association involved, a_property is associated own properties, a_operat1n a method of operating a set of associated attributes.

[0070] 具体地,关联关系可以包括以下任意一种或多种关系: [0070] In particular, the association may include any one or more of the following relationship:

[0071] (I)隶属关系:部件属于某个产品,即产品结构中下层结构隶属于上层结构,语义含义为“隶属”。 [0071] (I) affiliation: components belonging to a product, i.e., the underlying structure under an upper structure of the product structure, the semantic meaning of "membership." 例如,部件属于某个产品,即产品结构中下层结构隶属于上层结构,语义含义为“隶属”。 For example, components belonging to a product, i.e. a product structure underlying structures belonging to the superstructure, semantic meaning is "attached." 车辆隶属于列车、走行组份隶属于车辆、承载组份隶属于车辆、动力组份隶属于车辆、其它组份隶属于车辆。 Under the vehicle train, the line groups are part of the vehicle away parts, bearing components under a vehicle, the vehicle under the power pack parts, other components under the vehicle.

[0072] (2)包含关系:产品包含某些部件,即上层结构包含下层层级,语义含义为“包含”。 [0072] (2) comprising the relationship: product contains some components, i.e., an upper structure includes a lower level, semantic meaning as "comprising." 产品包含某些部件,即产品上层结构包含下层结构,语义含义为“包含”。 Product contains some components, i.e., an upper structure comprising a lower layer product structure, semantic meaning as "comprising." 列车包含车辆、车辆包含走行组份、车辆包含承载组份、车辆包含动力组份、车辆包含其它组份。 Train vehicle comprising, a vehicle comprising a row set down parts, vehicle parts comprising a carrier group, the vehicle parts comprising a power pack, the vehicle comprising other components.

[0073] (3)拥有关系:对象拥有属性的关系,语义含义为“拥有”。 [0073] (3) have the relationship: Relationship objects have attributes, semantic meaning is "owned."

[0074] 其中,关联关系还可以包括对象与对象之间的关系、对象与属性之间的关系、属性与属性之间的关系,具体可以根据需要灵活设置。 [0074] wherein the association may also include the relationship between the objects and the relationships between objects, attributes and relationships between objects, attributes and properties, can be flexibly set according to specific needs.

[0075] S104,根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 [0075] S104, the object model according to the need to establish the properties of each element of the object and the properties demand related information.

[0076] 参见图3,为本发明实施例提供的需求元模型视图的一个实例示意图。 [0076] Referring to Figure 3, a schematic diagram of an example metamodel needs view according to an embodiment of the present invention. 产品为需求对象,其可以拥有属性(has property),即需求属性;其还可以具有关系(hasAssociat1n),即关联信息。 Products for the needs of the object, which may have attributes (has property), that is, demand property; it may also have a relationship (hasAssociat1n), that is, related information. 其中,需求属性也可以具有关系(has Associat1n),即关联信息。 Wherein, the relationship may have a property requirements (has Associat1n), i.e., association information. 需求属性可以包括主体需求属性、关键需求属性、旅客需求属性等。 Requirement attributes can include a body needs attributes, key requirements property, guests' attributes. 其中,主体需求属性又可以包括路网、环境属性;关键需求属性又可以包括结构属性、性能属性。 Among them, the main demand for property and can include road network, the environmental attributes; attributes critical needs and can include structural properties, performance attributes. 产品可以具有或者包含部件(has Assembly),部件可以具有或者包含零件(has Part)。 Product may have or comprise means (has Assembly), or a member may comprise part have (has Part). 当然,产品也可以具有或者包含零件(has Part)。 Of course, the product may have or comprise parts (has Part).

[0077] 前面提到,高速列车需求元模型定义分为三个层次,需求元类、需求类以及需求实例,元类描述设计模型中使用的基本组件;类用来描述与具体物理对象相关的设计模型;实例则对应具体的设计对象,是用户对设计对象的实现,实例是类的一个赋值实现。 [0077] As mentioned earlier, high speed train needs metamodel definition divided into three levels, demand for the metaclass, demand and demand class instance metaclasses described basic components used in the design model; class used to describe the physical objects associated with the particular design model; corresponds to a specific example of the design object, a user design to achieve the object, an instance of the implementation class assignment.

[0078] 其中,在构建需求元模型时,也是按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取需求对象,逐步根据所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型的。 [0078] wherein, when building element model needs, also in accordance metamodel metaclasses demand, demand metamodel classes, instances of the metamodel hierarchical order demand requirement objects which sequentially selects, according to the information needs of the object gradually object attributes and their associated establish requirements metamodel. 具体实现时,需求元模型通过赋值的操作,逐步由需求元类赋值生成需求类,再由需求类赋值最终形成高速列车需求实例,具体赋值过程如图4所示。 In specific implementation, the demand assignment operation element model, generated by the progressive demand assignment metaclass demand class, then the class assigned by the needs of the final demand is formed instance high-speed trains, the specific assignment procedure shown in Figure 4. 元类通过赋值得到类,类通过赋值得到实例。 Metaclass obtained by assigning class, obtained by assigning class instance. 图4所示为需求元模型赋值的一个示例。 One example is shown metamodel demand assignment FIG.

[0079] 其中,需求元模型元类即列车/车辆需求元模型元类是需求元模型的基础层以及最低层,为需求元模型类提供数据基础。 [0079] wherein metamodel metaclass demand, train / vehicle required metamodel metaclass base layer and the lowest level element model needs to provide for the needs of the data base metamodel classes. 是囊括了所有与高速列车相关的所有需求数据集合,其基于元模型的描述和格式,所包含的数据包括对象数据、需求属性数据以及关系数据。 Encompasses all the requirements is the set of all data related to high-speed trains, based on the description metamodel and formats, including data contained in the object data, attribute data and relationship data needs. 其中:对象数据是指高速列车所包含的所有相关的产品结构数据,并且之间不存在具体的层级关系,所有结构在需求元模型元类中都是独立存在的数据项。 Wherein: object data refers to all data related to the structure of the product contained high-speed train, and in particular the hierarchical relationship does not exist between the data items of all structures in the metamodel metaclasses are independent demand exists. 属性数据是指与高速列车相关的所有用户需求项的数据集合,所有的需求项按照不同的分类属性进行分类,BP按照主体需求、关键需求、旅客需求划分。 Attribute data is data needs of all users of items associated with a set of high-speed trains, the demand for all items classified according to different classification attributes, BP in accordance with the needs of the body, a key demand, passenger demand division.

[0080] 其中,需求元模型类是需求元模型的第二层,需求元模型类的构建过程是通过需求元模型元类通过赋值实例化后得到的针对单一对象,基于元模型的描述和格式,其所包含的数据包括对象数据、需求属性数据以及关系数据。 [0080] wherein, the second class is the demand metamodel metamodel layer requirements, building process metamodel demand for a single object class is instantiated by the demand assignment metamodel obtained by metaclasses, and formats described element model the data it contains, including object data, attribute data and relationship data needs. 其中:对象数据,描述的是单一的对象,通过对元类赋值得到。 Wherein: the object data describing the single object, assigned by metaclass obtained. 需求属性数据,包含了所有与单一对象相关的需求项数据,并且也分为了主体需求(路网需求、环境需求)、关键需求、旅客需求等。 Attribute data needs, including the needs of all the data items associated with a single object, and also into the body needs (road network needs, environmental needs), key requirements, passenger demand. 关系数据,主要描述了与对象相关的关系数据。 Relational data, describes the relationship between the data associated with the object.

[0081] 参见图5,为本发明实施例提供的列车级元模型示意图。 [0081] Referring to Figure 5, a schematic diagram of the train level meta-model to an embodiment of the invention. 在图5中,按照需求对象、属性、关系3部分构建了需求元模型。 In FIG. 5, the portion 3 according to the needs of objects, attributes, relationships need to build metamodel. 参见图6,为本发明实施例提供的走行组份需求元模型示意图。 Referring to Figure 6, a schematic diagram of parts of the running set of requirements provided by the meta-model embodiment of the invention. 其中,描述了走行组份的需求元模型,包括对象、属性、关系3个部分。 Wherein the meta-model describes the requirements set down parts of the line, including the object, attributes, relationships, three parts. 关系又可以包括对象-对象关系、属性-属性关系、对象-属性关系。 Relationship and may include an object - an object relationships, attributes - attribute relationship object - property relationships. 具体参见图6。 Referring specifically to FIG. 6.

[0082] S105,将建立的各需求元模型保存在数据库中构成需求元模型数据库,所述需求元模型数据库用于当接收到调用所述需求元模型的指令时,响应调用所述需求元模型的指令输出对应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 [0082] S105, each element needs to be established model stored in the model database constituting element needs a database, the database needs metamodel for, when receiving an instruction element model of the call demand, in response to calls to the metamodel demand the command output data corresponding to the meta-model needs to construct high-speed trains each component.

[0083] 具体实现时,根据建立好的各需求元模型构建需求元模型数据库。 [0083] In specific implementation, in accordance with the established requirements of each customer metamodel element models database. 当在进行高速列车的具体设计开发时,可以调用所述需求元模型数据库获得相应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 When carrying out the specific design and development of high speed trains, you can call the database needs to obtain the corresponding meta-model needs to construct each of the meta-model data structure high-speed train.

[0084] 进一步地,本发明实施例提供的方法还可以包括以下任意一个或多个步骤: [0084] Further, the method provided in the embodiment of the present invention may further comprise any one or more of the following steps:

[0085] 接收用户的修改指令,响应于所述修改指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述修改指令对应的需求元模型进行修改。 [0085] receiving a user modification instruction, in response to the modification instruction data call needs metamodel for the modification of the database metamodel corresponding to the command needs to be modified.

[0086] 接收用户的删除指令,响应于所述删除指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述删除指令对应的需求元模型进行删除。 [0086] receiving a user instruction to delete, in response to the deletion instruction calling metamodel data requirements demand metamodel database corresponding to the deletion instruction to delete.

[0087] 接收用户的更新指令,响应于所述更新指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述更新指令对应的需求元模型进行更新。 [0087] receiving a user's update instruction in response to the update instruction calling demand metamodel metamodel data requirements database update instruction corresponding to the update.

[0088] 具体实现时,用户可以对需求元模型数据库进行修改、删除和更新。 [0088] specific implementation, the user can modify the requirement meta model database, delete and update. 其中,所述用户的修改指令、删除指令或者更新指令可以包括需求元模型数据的标识信息,在接收到所述指令时,则获得与所述标识对应的需求元模型数据,以对所述需求元模型数据进行相应的修改、删除或者更新处理。 Wherein said user modification instruction, a deletion instruction or update instructions may include identification information needs metamodel data, upon receipt of the instruction, and is obtained corresponding to the identification data metamodel demand, the demand meta-model data corresponding modify, delete or update process.

[0089] 进一步地,所述方法还包括以下任意一个或多个步骤: [0089] Preferably, the method further comprises any one or more of the following steps:

[0090] 接收用户的显示指令,响应于所述显示指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据,显示所述显示指令对应的需求元模型数据; [0090] receiving a user instruction to display, in response to the display instruction data needs to call in the meta-model database, display requirements metamodel data corresponding to the display instruction;

[0091] 接收用户的检索指令,响应于所述检索指令查找需求元模型数据库中的数据,输出查找结果。 [0091] receiving a user search command, in response to the retrieval instruction needs to find the data element in the model database, the output of search results.

[0092] 具体实现时,所述需求元模型数据库还具有可视化和检索功能,用于展示建立的各需求元模型以及列车的层级结构;进一步的,所述需求元模型数据库也可以提供检索功能,并输出检索结果。 [0092] In specific implementation, the meta-model needs further having a visual database and search function, the demand for each element model train display and hierarchy established; further, the requirement meta model database search function can be provided, and output the search results. 其中,所述用户的显示指令、或者检索指令可以包括需求元模型数据的标识信息,在接收到所述指令时,则获得与所述标识对应的需求元模型数据,以对所述需求元模型数据进行相应的显示、查找处理。 Wherein the display instruction of the user, or to retrieve instructions may include identification information needs metamodel data, upon receipt of the instruction, is obtained and the identification data corresponding to meta-model needs to model the demand element corresponding display data, search process.

[0093] 参见图7,为本发明实施例提供的高速列车需求元模型建立和处理装置示意图。 [0093] Referring to Figure 7, high-speed trains provided demand metamodel establishing processing apparatus and a schematic embodiment of the present invention.

[0094] 一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理装置700,所述装置包括: [0094] A demand for high-speed trains metamodel and establishing processing apparatus 700, the apparatus comprising:

[0095] 获取模块701,用于获取预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,所述高速列车结构树基于所述高速列车的结构建立得到,不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树。 [0095] The acquisition module 701, configured to obtain a high-speed train tree pre-established ensemble data, to establish a high-speed train tree structure based on the obtained high-speed trains, different types of high-speed train speed train corresponding to structures, different the structure corresponds to a different high-speed train speed train tree.

[0096] 选取模块702,用于利用所述预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象。 [0096] selection module 702, utilizing the high-speed train pre-established tree ensemble data, sequentially selecting the point corresponding to each structural item needs high-speed train in the tree, the entry is determined as the demand requirement meta demand object model.

[0097] 确定模块703,用于确定所述需求元模型的各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息;其中,所述对象属性包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种;所述属性关联信息包括隶属关系、包含关系、拥有关系中的一种或多种。 [0097] The determining module 703 for determining the demand for each object meta model of the object attributes and attribute requirements associated information; wherein said object attribute comprises an attribute of the subject attribute, key attribute, attribute passengers, quality constraints or more; the information comprises attributes associated affiliation, comprising a relationship with one or more relationships.

[0098] 构建模块704,用于根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 [0098] Building block 704, the demand for establishing a meta model according to the needs of each object attribute object and the properties associated information.

[0099] 数据库建立模块705,用于将建立的各需求元模型保存在数据库中构成需求元模型数据库,所述需求元模型数据库用于当接收到调用所述需求元模型的指令时,响应调用所述需求元模型的指令输出对应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 [0099] module 705 to establish a database for each customer metamodel configuration needs to be established to save metadata model database in a database, the database needs metamodel for, when receiving an instruction element model of the call demand, response to the call the instruction needs demand output element model meta-model data corresponding to each component to construct high-speed trains.

[0100] 进一步地,所述构建模块具体用于: [0100] Furthermore, specifically for the building blocks:

[0101] 按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取需求对象,根据所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 [0101] metamodel metaclasses according to demand, the demand metamodel classes, instances of the metamodel demand hierarchical order of sequentially selecting requirement objects, according to the need to establish a model element needs target object attributes and their associated information.

[0102] 进一步地,所述装置还包括以下任意一个或多个模块: [0102] Further, the apparatus further comprises any one or more of the following modules:

[0103] 修改模块,用于接收用户的修改指令,响应于所述修改指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述修改指令对应的需求元模型进行修改; [0103] modification module for modifying the user's instruction received in response to the call instruction needs modifying metamodel data of the database modification instruction corresponding meta-model needs to be modified;

[0104] 删除模块,用于接收用户的删除指令,响应于所述删除指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述删除指令对应的需求元模型进行删除; [0104] deleting module for deleting a user's instruction received in response to the deletion instruction calling metamodel data requirements demand metamodel database corresponding to the deletion instruction is deleted;

[0105] 更新模块,用于接收用户的更新指令,响应于所述更新指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述更新指令对应的需求元模型进行更新。 [0105] updating module, for updating the user's instruction received in response to the update instruction calling demand metamodel metamodel data requirements database update instruction corresponding to the update.

[0106] 进一步地,所述装置还包括以下任意一个或多个模块: [0106] Further, the apparatus further comprises any one or more of the following modules:

[0107] 显示模块,用于接收用户的显示指令,响应于所述显示指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据,显示所述显示指令对应的需求元模型数据; [0107] a display module for receiving a user's instruction to display, in response to the display instruction data needs to call in the meta-model database, display requirements metamodel data corresponding to the display instruction;

[0108] 检索模块,用于接收用户的检索指令,响应于所述检索指令查找需求元模型数据库中的数据,输出查找结果 [0108] retrieval module for retrieving a user's instruction received in response to the retrieval instruction needs to find the data element in the model database, search results output

[0109] 上述各单元的功能可对应于图1详细描述的上述方法的处理步骤,于此不再赘述。 [0109] functions of the above units may correspond to the above-described process steps of the method described in detail in FIG 1, is omitted herein. 需要说明的是,由于对方法实施例进行详细的阐述,对装置实施例的描述较为简单,本领域技术人员可以理解的是,可以参照方法实施例构造本发明的装置实施例。 Incidentally, since the embodiments of the method in detail, relatively simple embodiment of the apparatus of the embodiment described, those skilled in the art will be appreciated that the apparatus can be referred to the method embodiments of the present invention constructed embodiment. 本领域技术人员在不付出创造性劳动下获取的其他实现方式均属于本发明的保护范围。 Those skilled in the art without paying any creative effort acquiring other implementations belong to the scope of the present invention.

[0110] 本领域技术人员可以理解的是,以上对方法和装置实施例进行了示例性说明,以上不视为对本发明的限制,本领域技术人员在不付出创造性劳动下获得的其他实现方式均属于本发明的保护范围。 [0110] Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that the above embodiments are illustrative of the method and apparatus, the above not to be considered limiting of the present invention, other implementations skilled in the art without creative efforts the obtained average It falls within the scope of the present invention.

[0111] 需要说明的是,在本文中,诸如第一和第二等之类的关系术语仅仅用来将一个实体或者操作与另一个实体或操作区分开来,而不一定要求或者暗示这些实体或操作之间存在任何这种实际的关系或者顺序。 [0111] Incidentally, herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are only used to distinguish one entity or operation from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying these entities the presence of any such actual relationship or order between or operations. 而且,术语“包括”、“包含”或者其任何其他变体意在涵盖非排他性的包含,从而使得包括一系列要素的过程、方法、物品或者设备不仅包括那些要素,而且还包括没有明确列出的其他要素,或者是还包括为这种过程、方法、物品或者设备所固有的要素。 Further, the term "comprising", "containing" or any other variation thereof are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, article, or apparatus not include only those elements but not expressly listed further comprising the other elements, or further comprising such process, method, article, or apparatus inherent elements. 在没有更多限制的情况下,由语句“包括一个……”限定的要素,并不排除在包括所述要素的过程、方法、物品或者设备中还存在另外的相同要素。 Without more constraints, by the wording "include a ......" defined does not exclude the existence of additional identical elements in the element comprising a process, method, article, or apparatus. 本发明可以在由计算机执行的计算机可执行指令的一般上下文中描述,例如程序模块。 The present invention may be described in the general context of computer-executable instructions, executed by a computer, such as program modules. 一般地,程序模块包括执行特定任务或实现特定抽象数据类型的例程、程序、对象、组件、数据结构等等。 Generally, program modules include performing particular tasks or implement particular abstract data types routines, programs, objects, components, data structures, and the like. 也可以在分布式计算环境中实践本发明,在这些分布式计算环境中,由通过通信网络而被连接的远程处理设备来执行任务。 The present invention may also be practiced in a distributed computing environment, the distributed computing environments, where tasks are performed by remote processing devices that are linked through a communications network. 在分布式计算环境中,程序模块可以位于包括存储设备在内的本地和远程计算机存储介质中。 In a distributed computing environment, program modules may be located in both local and remote computer storage media including memory storage devices in.

[0112] 本说明书中的各个实施例均采用递进的方式描述,各个实施例之间相同相似的部分互相参见即可,每个实施例重点说明的都是与其他实施例的不同之处。 [0112] In the present specification, various embodiments are described in a progressive manner, between similar portions of the same embodiment of various embodiments refer to each other, it is different from the embodiment and the other embodiments described each embodiment focus. 尤其,对于装置实施例而言,由于其基本相似于方法实施例,所以描述得比较简单,相关之处参见方法实施例的部分说明即可。 In particular, for the apparatus of the embodiment, since it is basically similar to the method embodiments, the description is relatively simple, some embodiments of the methods see relevant point can be described. 以上所描述的装置实施例仅仅是示意性的,其中所述作为分离部件说明的单元可以是或者也可以不是物理上分开的,作为单元显示的部件可以是或者也可以不是物理单元,即可以位于一个地方,或者也可以分布到多个网络单元上。 It means the above-described embodiments are merely illustrative, as a unit wherein the separate parts may be or may not be physically separate, parts displayed as units may be or may not be physical units, i.e. may be located a place, or they may be distributed to multiple network units. 可以根据实际的需要选择其中的部分或者全部模块来实现本实施例方案的目的。 You can select some or all of the modules according to actual needs to achieve the object of the solutions of the embodiments. 本领域普通技术人员在不付出创造性劳动的情况下,即可以理解并实施。 Those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be understood and implemented. 以上所述仅是本发明的具体实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 The above are only specific embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, can make various improvements and modifications, improvements and modifications are also It should be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括: 获取预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,所述高速列车结构树基于所述高速列车的结构建立得到,不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树; 利用所述预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象; 确定所述需求元模型的各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息;其中,所述对象属性包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种;所述属性关联信息包括隶属关系、包含关系、拥有关系中的一种或多种; 根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型; 将建立的各需求元模型保存 1. A high speed requirements established metamodel trains and processing method, wherein the method comprises: obtaining high-speed train tree pre-established ensemble data, based on the high-speed train tree structure of the high-speed train is established to give , different types of high-speed trains corresponding to high-speed train structure, a different structure corresponding to a different high-speed train speed train tree; the high-speed train pre-established tree structure of ensemble data, sequentially selecting the high-speed train in the tree each point corresponds to the structure of demand items, the item is determined as needs demand requirements object meta model; determining the properties of the needs of each subject needs the object metamodel and attribute related information; wherein the object attributes comprise attributes body, key attribute, attribute passengers, quality constraints of one or more attributes; the information comprises attributes associated affiliation, comprising a relationship with one or more relationship; according to the requirements of each target object attributes and their related information requirements established element model; each needs to be established metamodel 数据库中构成需求元模型数据库,所述需求元模型数据库用于当接收到调用所述需求元模型的指令时,响应调用所述需求元模型的指令输出对应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 Constituting element model database needs database, the database needs metamodel for, when receiving an instruction element model invoking the demand, the command response to the call demand output element model corresponding metamodel data needs to construct high-speed trains each structure.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述需求元模型的需求对象包括列车、车辆、组分、部件、子部件、零件中的一种或多种。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the subject needs demand metamodel comprises one or more train vehicles, components, parts, sub-components, part.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型包括: 按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取需求对象,根据所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said element model comprising a need to establish the object attributes and their associated object information of each of the requirements: in accordance with demand metamodel metaclasses, classes metamodel demand, demand Element examples of hierarchical order model is sequentially select requirement objects, according to the need to establish a model element needs target object attributes and their associated information.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述需求元模型元类用于描述设计模型中的基本组件;所述需求元模型类用于描述与具体物理对象相关联的模型,由所述需求元模型元类赋值得到;所述需求元模型实例用于描述具体设计对象,由所述需求元模型类赋值得到。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein said basic component needs metamodel metaclasses for describing the design model; the requirements for class metamodel specific physical model describing the object associated metamodel metaclasses obtained by the demand assignment; metamodel the needs of describing particular examples of design objects from the needs of the class assignment to give metamodel.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括以下任意一个或多个步骤: 接收用户的修改指令,响应于所述修改指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述修改指令对应的需求元模型进行修改; 接收用户的删除指令,响应于所述删除指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述删除指令对应的需求元模型进行删除; 接收用户的更新指令,响应于所述更新指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述更新指令对应的需求元模型进行更新。 5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the method further comprises any one or more of the following steps: receiving a user modification instruction, in response to the data elements in the model database call instruction needs the modification of their said modifying metamodel corresponding to the command needs to be modified; receiving a user's instruction to delete, in response to the deletion instruction needs metamodel metamodel call demand data in the database corresponding to the deletion instruction is deleted; receiving a user's update instruction, in response to the update instruction calling demand metamodel metamodel data requirements database update instruction corresponding to the update.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括以下任意一个或多个步骤: 接收用户的显示指令,响应于所述显示指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据,显示所述显示指令对应的需求元模型数据; 接收用户的检索指令,响应于所述检索指令查找需求元模型数据库中的数据,输出查找结果。 6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the method further comprises any one or more of the following steps: receiving a user instruction to display, in response to an instruction to call the data requirements database metamodel in the display, the display the display requirements meta data corresponding to the command model; receiving a user's search command, in response to the retrieval instruction needs to find the data element in the model database, the output of search results.
  7. 7.一种高速列车需求元模型建立和处理装置,其特征在于,所述装置包括: 获取模块,用于获取预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,所述高速列车结构树基于所述高速列车的结构建立得到,不同的高速列车类型对应不同的高速列车结构,不同的高速列车结构对应不同的高速列车结构树; 选取模块,用于利用所述预先建立的高速列车结构树的全集数据,依次选取所述高速列车结构树中的各结构点对应的需求项,将所述需求项确定为需求元模型的需求对象;确定模块,用于确定所述需求元模型的各需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息;其中,所述对象属性包括主体属性、关键属性、旅客属性、质量约束属性中的一种或多种;所述属性关联信息包括隶属关系、包含关系、拥有关系中的一种或多种; 构建模块,用于根据各所述需求对象的对象属性以 A demand for high-speed trains metamodel establishing and processing means, characterized in that said apparatus comprises: an obtaining module, configured to obtain high-speed train tree pre-established ensemble data, the high-speed train, based on the high-speed tree establishing train obtained structure, different types of high-speed trains corresponding to high-speed train structure, a different structure corresponding to a different high-speed train speed train tree; selecting means for ensemble data using a high-speed train the tree pre-established, sequentially selecting each of the points corresponding to high-speed train configuration tree demand items, the item needs demand requirements determined object meta model; determining means for determining the demand for each object meta model of the object property requirements attribute and related information; wherein the object attributes comprise subject attributes, key attribute, attribute passengers, quality constraints of one or more attributes; the information comprises attributes associated affiliation, comprising relations, it has a relationship of or more; building blocks, according to the requirements of each target object properties to 属性关联信息建立需求元模型;数据库建立模块,用于将建立的各需求元模型保存在数据库中构成需求元模型数据库,所述需求元模型数据库用于当接收到调用所述需求元模型的指令时,响应调用所述需求元模型的指令输出对应的需求元模型数据以构建高速列车各结构。 Need to establish attribute-related information element model; database establishing module, configured to establish respective model element needs to save configuration requirement meta model database in a database, the database metamodel for the needs of the call when receiving the instruction of the meta-model needs when the call instruction in response to the demand output element corresponding to the model needs to construct metamodel data structure of each high-speed trains.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的装置,其特征在于,所述构建模块具体用于: 按照需求元模型元类、需求元模型类、需求元模型实例的层级顺序依次选取需求对象,根据所述需求对象的对象属性以及属性关联信息建立需求元模型。 8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the constructing module is configured to: according to the demand metamodel metaclasses, classes demand metamodel, an example of hierarchical order model element needs demand sequentially select objects, according to the object properties and attributes of the object needs to establish demand-related information element model.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7所述的装置,其特征在于,所述装置还包括以下任意一个或多个模块: 修改模块,用于接收用户的修改指令,响应于所述修改指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述修改指令对应的需求元模型进行修改; 删除模块,用于接收用户的删除指令,响应于所述删除指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述删除指令对应的需求元模型进行删除; 更新模块,用于接收用户的更新指令,响应于所述更新指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据对所述更新指令对应的需求元模型进行更新。 9. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein said apparatus further comprises any one or more of the following modules: a modification module for receiving a user modification instruction, in response to the modification instruction calling demand database metamodel the modification data corresponding to the command model element needs to be modified; deleting module, configured to receive user instructions to delete, a deletion instruction in response to the call data needs metamodel database corresponding to the deletion instruction needs element remove model; updating module, for updating the user's instruction received in response to the update instruction calling demand metamodel metamodel data requirements database update instruction corresponding to the update.
  10. 10.根据权利要求7所述的装置,其特征在于,所述装置还包括以下任意一个或多个模块: 显示模块,用于接收用户的显示指令,响应于所述显示指令调用需求元模型数据库中的数据,显示所述显示指令对应的需求元模型数据; 检索模块,用于接收用户的检索指令,响应于所述检索指令查找需求元模型数据库中的数据,输出查找结果。 10. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein said apparatus further comprises any one or more of the following modules: a display module, a display for receiving a user's instruction, in response to the needs of the display element model database command invocation data, display requirements metamodel corresponding to the display instruction data; retrieval module for retrieving a user's instruction received in response to the retrieval instruction needs to find the data element in the model database, the output of search results.
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