CN104813861A - Assembly type plant wall provided with air purifying system and integrated with building - Google Patents

Assembly type plant wall provided with air purifying system and integrated with building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104813861A
CN104813861A CN201510254145.9A CN201510254145A CN104813861A CN 104813861 A CN104813861 A CN 104813861A CN 201510254145 A CN201510254145 A CN 201510254145A CN 104813861 A CN104813861 A CN 104813861A
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
air
architecture
integral
cleaning system
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CN201510254145.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨红强
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杨红强
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Priority to CN201510254145.9A priority Critical patent/CN104813861A/en
Publication of CN104813861A publication Critical patent/CN104813861A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/072Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/074Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of specially adapted, structured or shaped covering or lining elements for accommodating service installations or utility lines, e.g. heating conduits, electrical lines, lighting devices or service outlets

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly type plant wall provided with an air purifying system and integrated with a building. The assembly type plant wall comprises a supporting portion, a waterproof root expelling portion, a water supply and drainage portion and a plant cultivating portion, wherein the waterproof root expelling portion is arranged on the supporting portion, the water supply and drainage portion and the plant cultivating portion are arranged on the surface of the waterproof root expelling portion, and the water supply and drainage portion provides irrigation and drainage for the plant cultivating portion; the assembly type plant wall also comprises an air collection portion which is used for conveying air purified by the plant cultivating portion into a room. The plant wall provided by the invention adopts the industrially produced aluminum profile component as the main body, and is assembled on the spot; the supporting portion, the waterproof root expelling portion, the water supply and drainage portion and the plant cultivating portion are integrated in the system; the assembly type plant wall can be integrally designed and constructed with the building, is good in system integrality, wide in plant root distribution and strong in stress resistance, and has the functions of preserving heat, insulating heat and sound, and reducing noise.

Description

A kind of assembled plant walls with air cleaning system with architecture-integral
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant walls greening technique field, particularly relate to the assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral.
Background technology
Due to the expansion that city is excessive, urban heat land effect is more and more serious, haze becomes multiple state, the harm of PM2.5 is obvious all the more, for increasing greenery area, reduce architectural energy consumption, country and each department put into effect policy encourage growth green building in succession, carry out vertical planting, in practical development, major part the situation of vertical planting as a kind of wall decoration is used for existing building, the building energy conservation do not had it, rainwater-collecting, Studies on Avian Habitat, the attention that the function of Biotope Landscape is enough and utilization, and plant walls of the prior art is mostly adopt steel construction as the additional load-carrying members of plant walls, great in constructing amount, cost is high, planting container is also adopt plastics or non-woven fabrics, the easy aging distortion of these materials, easily there is safety problem, can not use in the air at height, simultaneously the container of plant is all independently cavity, plant root growth is obstructed, easily grow up to packing, cause plant undergrowth, resistance is poor, be difficult to the test sustaining high temperature strong wind and low temperature, plant later maintenance cost is high, belong to the project of high investment, in existing plant walls system, major part together cannot be designed and constructed with building, the situation of repeated construction is caused to occur, do not meet in country's " green building assessment standard " GBT50378-2014 about energy-conservation, water saving, the requirement of material-saving.
In addition, along with the fast development of China's economy and the universal of construction and decoration, indoor environmental pollution becomes the problem affecting people ' s health day by day.The all one's life of people about has the time of 80% to spend in indoor, and the incidence of disease of some "urban disease"s, " modern civilization diseases " is but rising gradually, and wherein IAQ difference is a principal element, and people think that air pollution is seriously outdoor always.But room air pollution degree usually more serious than outdoor air pollution 1-3 times, in some cases, even more than 100 times can be reached.Can detect about 300 multiple pollutants in indoor, the human body diseases of 68% is all relevant with indoor environmental pollution, and therefore IAQ quality directly has influence on the physiological health of people, mental health and comfort.Indoor environmental pollution refers in room air the phenomenon of the gas such as atmosphere, formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia, volatile organic matter being mixed into harmful health, along with the quick growth of China's economy, improving constantly and the generally enhancing of health perception of living standards of the people, the frequent appearance of especially all kinds of epidemic infection illness, the quality of people to room air is more and more paid close attention to, and the air clearing product with sterilization dedusting function becomes the trend of mass consumption gradually.
Existing air purifier be utilize coarse filtration, HEPA filtration, active carbon, photocatalyst and anion to filter air, purify, dedusting, absorption, taste removal, sterilizing indoor environment optimize electrical equipment, above-mentioned air cleaning mode all consumes electric energy, also secondary pollution can be produced after filter material is saturated, need to regularly replace filter core, simultaneously electrostatic, ozone also can release the material be harmful to health.
Green plants catharsis utilizes plant to the continuing purge effect of pollutant, finally reach the object dynamically reducing pollutant, a lot of relevant report proves that outdoor plant has the ability of pernicious gas in adsorb atmospheric, can by half volatile material absorbing or degradeds such as the volatile matter such as benzene, toluene, a species of orchids, or they are metabolized to water and carbonic acid gas, and green plants depends primarily on microorganism in soil and moisture to the catharsis that some harmful substance in room air has, leaf also has certain catharsis, but is not main body.Therefore, the soil in pot plant matrix, the water absorption to pollutant can't neglect, and change the understanding in the past only having green plants itself just can purify air.
Chinese invention patent " a kind of movable air purifying plant wall and using method thereof ", the applying date: 2013-06-03, publication date: 2013-10-16, it discloses the mobile air cleaning plant walls of a kind of energy, its subject matter solved is that existing plant purification air circle is longer, its technical scheme adopted is: plant walls, air cleaning water tank, tank seal top board, ventilating fan, filtrate, gauge tap, water circulating pump and wheel, indoor air pollutants is removed through the catharsis of plant walls effect and air cleaning water tank, it is only be connected with plant walls, by plant purification portion of air, but what major part fundamentally can play catharsis to room air is still the filter material of air cleaning water tank upper, too large difference is there is no in fact with existing air purifier, also need to consume electric energy, it does not fundamentally change the mode of air cleaning.Therefore, provide a kind of and can realize together designing and constructing with building, avoid overlapping construction, root system of plant can be free growing and a kind ofly to have very important significance with the assembled plant walls with air cleaning system of architecture-integral.
Summary of the invention
The present invention in order to solve prior art exist plant walls together cannot design and construct with building, repeated construction phenomenon is serious, effectively cannot realize the technical problem that plant walls purifies air, one is provided to avoid overlapping construction, root system of plant can free growth and really can realize the assembled plant walls with air cleaning system of a kind of of plant purification air and architecture-integral, this plant walls is used for outdoor, the concrete panel of existing building can be substituted completely, be different from the plant walls cleaning system for indoor in prior art, it also has air-cleaning function while can using as wallboard, water saving, insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation, the functions such as noise reduction, ecological effect is remarkable.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of assembled plant walls with air cleaning system with architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: it comprises supporting part, waterproof root resistance part, plumbing part, planting part, described waterproof root resistance part is arranged on described supporting part, described plumbing part and described planting part are arranged on described waterproof root resistance part surface, described plumbing part is irrigated and draining for described planting part provides, also comprise a gas collection part, described gas collection part is arranged on and air Partial cleansing for described for outdoor planting is transported to by described supporting part indoor or the air of foul indoor is transported to described planting part.
Further, described supporting part specifically comprises and to be arranged between constructure ground and floor or the corresponding built-in fitting arranged on every layer of building outer, described built-in fitting is distributed on described floor length direction, and the keel be fixedly installed between described built-in fitting, described keel are evenly equipped with multiple connector, vertical described keel of described connector and towards described building dead ahead, on described each keel, the connector one_to_one corresponding of horizontal direction forms a plane, and is horizontally set on the anti-settling net on described connector.
Further, described waterproof root resistance part is specially the PP panel be vertically fixedly installed between described keel.
Further, described plumbing part is specifically divided into feedwater part and water discharging part, described feedwater part is specially described waterproof root resistance part of horizontal and is arranged on the quantitative infiltrating irrigation assembly of the online passive type of described anti-settling, and described water discharging part is specially the drainpipe being vertically set on described waterproof root resistance part surface through described anti-settling net.
Further, described planting part specifically comprises parallel with described waterproof root resistance part and level is detachably arranged on the baffle plate in every two described connector front end surface, and the planting matrix be arranged between every two connectors of horizontal direction, and horizontal direction to be detachably arranged between described baffle plate with interspersed form up and down and with described planting matrix plant panel one to one.
Further, described gas collection part is specially air trapping grid and gas collecting main pipe, and described air trapping grid to be fixedly installed on vertical described connector and to be connected with the described gas collecting main pipe being arranged on described plant walls topmost.
Further; described infiltrating irrigation assembly specifically comprises PE pipeline; described PE pipeline is evenly equipped with multiple seepage mouth; with be wrapped in the storing of described PE pipe outside, permeable layer; describedly to store, permeable layer is specially high-absorbent material; with be wrapped in described in store, the protective layer of permeable layer outside, the network structure that described protective layer adopts high tensile strength fibrous material to make.
Further, described baffle plate is specially the flat cuboid in the middle of with trapezoidal convex plane, described trapezoidal convex plane two ends are provided with screw hole, the depth of section of described trapezoidal convex plane bottom is greater than the depth of section on described trapezoidal convex plane top, the cross section of described trapezoidal convex plane bottom is provided with the fixing hole of fixing described plant panel.
Further, in square on described plant panels en bloc, parallel and protrude the multi-layer flower groove that is arranged between described square left and right sides forward, described colored trench bottom is provided with spillway hole, on the sidewall of each described colored groove, correspondence is provided with plant fixing hole, described colored groove rear portion is also provided with dash down, and the height of described spillway hole is lower than described dash down.
Further, on the left of described plant panel, the left side on limit also has the flanging of a strip, the two ends of described plant panel upper side edge respectively have a breach, described edge, plant panel top and the superiors spend the distance between groove be greater than the described following edge of plant panel and orlop flower groove between distance.。
Beneficial effect
Provided by the invention and a kind of assembled plant walls with air cleaning system with architecture-integral,
Main body adopts the aluminium profile member of suitability for industrialized production, site operation assemblingization, the system integration supporting part, waterproof root resistance part, plumbing part and planting part, can with building image and construction, systematic entirety is good, root system of plant distribution is wide, strong stress resistance, has the function of insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation, noise reduction;
Feedwater part adopts accurate infiltrating irrigation assembly, its advantage is can precision irrigation, passive type, when the moisture in soil is inadequate, can self water feeding, saving water resource, thoroughly solve the different and difficult problem that pipeline water yield that is that cause is uneven of vertical direction differing heights hydraulic pressure and irrigation system is embedded in soil, or blocked by plant, avoid sun direct projection, increase service life;
A rectangular flanging is had on the left of plant panel, during installation can with Left-Hand Panel imbricate, utilize screw that the two pieces of panels in left and right are fixed together, plant panel top has breach, slot milling when this breach is grafting panel, make inserting smoothly in the baffle plate of below below of plant panel, by grafting and screw, plant panel is fixed formation entirety; And employing modularization, install and facilitate rapidly;
The structural soil capacity of planting matrix is large, the stalwartness of plant growth, and later maintenance is few, and plant walls forms a closed entity structure, insulation, heat insulation, and sound insulation, noise reduction are very good, and the outdoor plant wall being particularly suitable for north cold area uses.
Air after plant purification in every layer of plant panel can be transported in gas collecting main pipe by the air trapping grid of gas collection part, by VMC, the air after plant purification is delivered to indoor again, thoroughly solves in prior art and continuous and effective cannot realize the technical problem that plant walls purifies air.
Can reserve part of module in plant walls work progress of the present invention, load onto plastic box with holes, the position in hole is corresponding with the position of flower groove, form a Bird's Nest, can perch at this for birds, make facade become the new shelter of birds, increase the space that birds perch, ecological effect is remarkable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is plant walls schematic perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 plants panel master to look schematic perspective view in plant walls of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 rear perspective view;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 2 vertical view;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 2 left view;
Fig. 6 is baffle plate front view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is baffle plate right view in Fig. 1;
In figure: 1-built-in fitting; 2-keel; 3-connector; 4-PP panel; 5-anti-settling net; 6-baffle plate; The trapezoidal convex plane of 61-; 7-infiltrating irrigation assembly; 8-drainpipe; 9-planting matrix; 10-plant panel; 101-flower groove; 102-breach; 103-flanging; 104-plant fixing hole; 105-spillway hole; 106-dash down; 11-plant; 12-floor; 13-gas collecting main pipe; 14-air trapping grid.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, of the present invention and a kind of assembled plant walls with air cleaning system with architecture-integral, it comprises supporting part, waterproof root resistance part, plumbing part, planting part, described waterproof root resistance part is arranged on described supporting part, described plumbing part and described planting part are arranged in described waterproof root resistance part, described plumbing part is irrigated and draining for described planting part provides, described gas collection part is arranged on and air Partial cleansing for described for outdoor planting is transported to by described supporting part indoor or the air of foul indoor is transported to described planting part.
Described supporting part specifically comprises the built-in fitting 1 arranging corresponding setting on upper and lower floor, described built-in fitting is distributed on described floor 12 length direction, and the keel 2 be fixedly installed between described built-in fitting 1, described keel 2 are evenly equipped with multiple connector 3, vertical described keel 2 of described connector 3 and towards described building dead ahead, on described each keel 2, connector 3 one_to_one corresponding of horizontal direction forms a plane, and is horizontally set on the anti-settling net 5 on described connector.
Described waterproof root resistance part is specially the PP panel 4 be vertically fixedly installed between described keel.
Described plumbing part is specifically divided into feedwater part and water discharging part, described feedwater part is specially described waterproof root resistance part of horizontal and is arranged on the quantitative infiltrating irrigation assembly 7 of passive type on described anti-settling net 5, described water discharging part is specially and is vertically set on described waterproof root resistance part surface through described anti-settling net 5, the namely drainpipe 8 on PP panel 4 surface.
Described planting part specifically comprises parallel with described waterproof root resistance part and level is detachably arranged on the baffle plate 6 in every two described connector 3 front end surface, and the planting matrix 9 be arranged between every two connectors of horizontal direction, and horizontal direction to be detachably arranged between described baffle plate with interspersed form up and down and with described planting matrix plant panel 10 one to one.
Described gas collection part is specially air trapping grid 14 and gas collecting main pipe 13, described air trapping grid 14 to be fixedly installed on vertical described connector 3 and to be connected with the described gas collecting main pipe 13 being arranged on described plant walls topmost, air Partial cleansing for described for outdoor planting is transported to indoor or the air of foul indoor is transported to described planting part by VMC.
Described infiltrating irrigation assembly specifically comprises PE pipeline (not shown), described PE pipeline is evenly equipped with multiple seepage mouth, with be wrapped in storing of described PE pipe outside, permeable layer (not shown), describedly to store, permeable layer is specially high-absorbent material, with be wrapped in described in store, the protective layer (not shown) of permeable layer outside, the network structure that described protective layer adopts high tensile strength fibrous material to make, when having water to pass through in PE pipeline, water oozes out from seepage mouth, be wrapped in storing of pipe surface, infiltration layer absorbs, because high fibre sucking has water imbibition and water preventing ability double grading, after high water-absorption fiber water suction is saturated, seepage mouth is firmly blocked by volumetric expansion, anti-sealing oozes out from seepage mouth, now high water-absorption fiber starts to play water resistance characteristic, store, permeable layer outer surface contacts with soil, water is slowly by soil absorption, after soil absorption part water, high water-absorption fiber volume contraction, now water preventing ability is broken, start to play water imbibition, water oozes out from seepage mouth, stored, permeable layer inner surface absorbs, outer surface moisture content is slowly absorbed by soil simultaneously, form a kind of state of dynamic equilibrium, when the evaporation discharge of plant increases, moisture in a large amount of absorption soil, soil moisture is reduced, now soil absorbs moisture to increase humidity from pipeline, solve the different and difficult problem that pipeline water yield that is that cause is uneven of vertical direction differing heights hydraulic pressure, eliminate a large amount of pressure-reducing valve equipment, reduce cost.
As Fig. 6-7, described baffle plate 6 is specially the flat cuboid in the middle of with trapezoidal convex plane 61, described trapezoidal convex plane 61 two ends are provided with screw hole, the depth of section of described trapezoidal convex plane 61 bottom is greater than the depth of section on described trapezoidal convex plane top, the cross section of described trapezoidal convex plane bottom is provided with the fixing hole of fixing described plant panel.
As Fig. 2-5, described plant panel 10 is on the whole in square, parallel and protrude the multi-layer flower groove 101 that is arranged between described square left and right sides forward, spillway hole 105 is provided with bottom described colored groove 101, on the sidewall of each described colored groove, correspondence is provided with plant fixing hole 104, described colored groove rear portion is also provided with dash down 106, the height of described spillway hole 105 is lower than described dash down 106, on the left of described plant panel 10, the left side on limit also has the flanging 103 of a strip, and the two ends of described plant panel 10 upper side edge respectively have a breach 102.
In addition, colored trench bottom of the present invention is provided with spillway hole, only need arrange a droping irrigating pipe at plant walls top just can water full water by all colored grooves, but consider that the phenomenon blocked may appear in spillway hole, set up infiltrating irrigation assembly to guarantee the real-time irrigation of plant, and this infiltrating irrigation assembly is blocked by plant, avoids sun direct projection, increase service life, prevent artificial destruction.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the installation method with the assembled plant walls of air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, first built-in fitting correspondence is fixed on ground and floor, again keel are fixed between upper and lower built-in fitting, the temperature different according to the South and the North can determine that the thickness of soil and the load of plant walls are selected, thus determine length and the spacing of connector, after determining connector relevant parameter, connector is fixed on keel, again according to the spacing and the size that are fixed on the transverse connection on keel, PP panel carves corresponding breach, ensures that two pieces of PP panels can be close together closely, seam crossing adopts weather-resistant glue to connect, and prevents moisture content from going deep into inner body of wall, when weather-resistant glue is not dry, with screw, PP plate is fixed on keel, then mends a weather-resistant glue, air grid is fixed on vertically disposed connector again, all air grids and gas collecting main pipe is connected, then by etc. the anti-settling net made of the nylon wire of width or steel fabric sheet be fixed on and be on the connector of same level, prevent soil settlement, by the screw hole in the trapezoidal convex plane on baffle plate, baffle plate is fixed on the front end of connector again, then lay PE pipeline in the online level of every one deck anti-settling, lay drainpipe near the position of connector in the vertical direction, for easy construction and reduction soil settlement, planting matrix is placed in the square cloth bag with holes be made up of water suction non-woven fabrics, compacting, sealing, the space that size is formed with described connector is up and down equally large, between every two connectors of the level that is placed on, from left to right, place from top to bottom, this form makes each portions modular of system, block combiner can be formed again a large entirety, also thickness of soil can be determined according to different plants configuration schemes, form optimal case, to reach energy-conservation, the object of material-saving, continuous print SOIL DISTRIBUTION and thicker soil layer, reduce the fluctuation of soil internal environment, increase the activity of edaphon, make the root system of plant have enough growing spaces simultaneously, root system to all the winds grows in body of wall, deep-rooted, enhance the stability of soil, reduce soil sedimentation in vertical direction and water and soil loss problem, enhance the globality of plant walls simultaneously, avoid occurring lateral sliding, as can be seen from Figure 7, the cross section following due to the section ratio of baffle plate trapezoidal convex plane top is short, can plant panel be fixed on inside baffle plate with the form interted, again by being screwed on the upside of the bottom wing of upper strata baffle plate and plant panel, a rectangular flanging is had on the left of plant panel, during installation can with Left-Hand Panel imbricate, utilize screw that the two pieces of panels in left and right are fixed together, form an entirety, a breach is respectively had about plant panel upper edge, plant panel top interface width is made to be greater than the width of following contact surface, avoid left and right above panel and connect the stop of a connector, two contact surfaces up and down and upper and lower two baffle plates of plant panel have maximum contact surface, increase the fastness of plant panel, screw and baffle plate is adopted to fix, be fixed one by one from left to right, after all plant panels are fixed, again whole of the plant be planted in non-woven fabrics or paper bag cultivated in advance is placed on colored groove inner, save and pluck basin step, avoid hindering root, transplant step is converted to and moves pendulum, not only substantially increase efficiency of construction, also increase plant survival rate simultaneously, the sidewall of flower groove leaves plant fixing hole, and after plant moves and finishes, at every one deck of plant walls, with finer wire through on the upside of plant root, two ends are fixed on the plant fixing hole of colored groove sidewall, prevent plant from being wiped off by strong wind during this period, increase safety.
Plant walls of the present invention can be applied in outdoor, also can be applied in indoor.
When plant walls is applied in facade, plant, can absorbing carbon dioxide by photosynthesis, and releasing oxygen, makes the oxygen content around plant walls body of wall obviously raise, and in addition, the heat absorption of plant leaf blade and moisture evaporation, can make ambient air temperature reduce.Simultaneously can dust in absorbed air thus air is purified, VMC of the present invention is prior art, negative pressure is formed by compressor, air ecto-entad is through plant leaf blade, soil enters air trapping grid, then enter in VMC, by VMC, fresh air is distributed in each space indoor, plant walls ambient air purifies through blade, then be inhaled in soil through the adsorption filtration of soil and the decomposition of microorganism, reach the effect purified air further, because what soil heat capacity ambassador obtained air themperature does not have excessive amplitude of variation.By VMC by the fresh air around the plant walls of outdoor;
When this plant walls is applied in indoor environment, VMC inverted running, namely the vitiated air in each space collects by VMC, be transported in plant walls by airduct, by air trapping grid, the air of dirt is discharged in the soil structure of plant walls, and again through root system of plant microorganism, the filtration Sum decomposition of soil, harmful substance is reduced greatly, obtain the air cleaned, because soil is a huge heat storage, indoor temperature is made to maintain in a stable scope, air penetration simultaneously goes out soil again by plant leaf blade absorption portion pollutant, room air is made to reach the object of multilayer purification.
The present invention utilizes the soil of planting part to have continuity, in plants configuration, according to the association effect of plant, can plant the plant that some Dalmatian chrysanthemum, clover etc. have deinsectization and nitrogen fixation.Increase the nitrogenous fertilizer of soil, reduce various germ and insect pest in soil, reduce human intervention, form a kind of life wall with self-renewal capacity.
Plant walls volume weight of soils of the present invention is large, the stalwartness of plant growth, later maintenance is few, plant walls forms a closed entity structure, insulation, heat insulation, sound insulation, noise reduction are very good, be particularly suitable for north cold area outdoor plant wall use, according to the degree of cold, one layer of heat preservation layer can certainly be set in the inside of plant walls again, fully realize air cleaning and the heat insulation function of plant walls.
Consider actual application, block combiner of the present invention is formed in the work progress of plant walls can reserve part of module, load onto plastic box with holes, the position in hole is corresponding with the position of flower groove, form a Bird's Nest, can perch at this for birds, make facade become the new shelter of birds, increase the space that birds perch.
Protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses, the change that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain that protection scope of the present invention should define with claim is as the criterion.

Claims (10)

1. one kind with the assembled plant walls with air cleaning system of architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: it comprises supporting part, waterproof root resistance part, plumbing part, planting part, described waterproof root resistance part is arranged on described supporting part, described plumbing part and described planting part are arranged on described waterproof root resistance part surface, described plumbing part is irrigated and draining for described planting part provides, also comprise a gas collection part, described gas collection part is arranged on and air Partial cleansing for described for outdoor planting is transported to by described supporting part indoor or the air of foul indoor is transported to described planting part.
2. the as claimed in claim 1 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: described supporting part specifically comprises and to be arranged between constructure ground and floor or the corresponding built-in fitting arranged on every layer of building outer, described built-in fitting is distributed on described floor length direction, and the keel be fixedly installed between described built-in fitting, described keel are evenly equipped with multiple connector, vertical described keel of described connector and towards described building dead ahead, on described each keel, the connector one_to_one corresponding of horizontal direction forms a plane, with the anti-settling net be horizontally set on described connector.
3. the as claimed in claim 1 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, is characterized in that: described waterproof root resistance part is specially the PP panel be vertically fixedly installed between described keel.
4. the as claimed in claim 1 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: described plumbing part is specifically divided into feedwater part and water discharging part, described feedwater part is specially described waterproof root resistance part of horizontal and is arranged on the quantitative infiltrating irrigation assembly of the online passive type of described anti-settling, and described water discharging part is specially the drainpipe being vertically set on described waterproof root resistance part surface through described anti-settling net.
5. the as claimed in claim 1 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: described planting part specifically comprises parallel with described waterproof root resistance part and level is detachably arranged on the baffle plate in every two described connector front end surface, and the planting matrix be arranged between every two connectors of horizontal direction, and horizontal direction to be detachably arranged between described baffle plate with interspersed form up and down and with described planting matrix plant panel one to one.
6. the as claimed in claim 2 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: described gas collection part is specially air trapping grid and gas collecting main pipe, described air trapping grid to be fixedly installed on vertical described connector and to be connected with the described gas collecting main pipe being arranged on described plant walls topmost.
7. the as claimed in claim 4 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral; it is characterized in that: described infiltrating irrigation assembly specifically comprises PE pipeline; described PE pipeline is evenly equipped with multiple seepage mouth; with be wrapped in the storing of described PE pipe outside, permeable layer; describedly to store, permeable layer is specially high-absorbent material; with be wrapped in described in store, the protective layer of permeable layer outside, the network structure that described protective layer adopts high tensile strength fibrous material to make.
8. the as claimed in claim 5 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: described baffle plate is specially the flat cuboid in the middle of with trapezoidal convex plane, described trapezoidal convex plane two ends are provided with screw hole, the depth of section of described trapezoidal convex plane bottom is greater than the depth of section on described trapezoidal convex plane top, the cross section of described trapezoidal convex plane bottom is provided with the fixing hole of fixing described plant panel.
9. the as claimed in claim 5 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: in square on described plant panels en bloc, parallel and protrude the multi-layer flower groove that is arranged between described square left and right sides forward, described colored trench bottom is provided with spillway hole, on the sidewall of each described colored groove, correspondence is provided with plant fixing hole, described colored groove rear portion is also provided with dash down, and the height of described spillway hole is lower than described dash down.
10. the as claimed in claim 9 and assembled plant walls with air cleaning system that is a kind of and architecture-integral, it is characterized in that: on the left of described plant panel, the left side on limit also has the flanging of a strip, the two ends of described plant panel upper side edge respectively have a breach, described edge, plant panel top and the superiors spend the distance between groove be greater than the described following edge of plant panel and orlop flower groove between distance.
CN201510254145.9A 2015-05-19 2015-05-19 Assembly type plant wall provided with air purifying system and integrated with building Pending CN104813861A (en)

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CN110547243A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-12-10 徐宁 Partition wall for interior decoration
CN113107135A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-07-13 李鹏宇 Environment-friendly building board based on degradable composite material

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Application publication date: 20150805