CN104808760A - IPMI redundant power source management system controlled by single power source management - Google Patents

IPMI redundant power source management system controlled by single power source management Download PDF

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CN104808760A
CN104808760A CN 201510166451 CN201510166451A CN104808760A CN 104808760 A CN104808760 A CN 104808760A CN 201510166451 CN201510166451 CN 201510166451 CN 201510166451 A CN201510166451 A CN 201510166451A CN 104808760 A CN104808760 A CN 104808760A
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management
power
subsystem
source
single
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CN 201510166451
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李雪峰
刘世龙
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中国电子科技集团公司第三十二研究所
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Abstract

The invention provides an IPMI redundant power source management system controlled by a single power source management. The IPMI redundant power source management consists of an ARM management subsystem based on an embedded Linux operating system and a single chip machine subsystem. The ARM management subsystem is connected with the single chip machine subsystem through an I2C bus. The ARM management subsystem forms an I2C bus topology inside a case; and the ARM management subsystem takes charge of collecting and processing information, and sending instructions. The single chip machine subsystem takes charge of the power supply control for other modules. The IPMI redundant power source management system uses the single redundant power source system for supplying power, without supplying power independently to the IPMI management module, thereby reducing the difficulty in the design and the complexity of the system.

Description

单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统 Single redundant power management control of the power management system IPMI

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种电源管理系统,具体地,涉及一种单电源管理控制的IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface,智能平台管理接口)冗余电源管理系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a power management system, in particular, relates IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface, IPMI) redundant power management system for a single power management control.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 冗余电源是用于服务器中的一种电源,是由两个完全一样的电源组成,有芯片控制电源进行负载均衡,当一个电源出现故障时,另一个电源可以马上接管其工作,不会使系统的工作受到影响,在更换电源后,又是两个电源协同工作。 [0002] a redundant power supply for the server, is composed of two identical power supply, the chip load balancing power control, when a power failure occurs, the other can immediately take over the power supply, the operation of the system will not be affected, after replacing the power supply, the power supply is two to work together. 服务器的冗余电源有多种配置形式,例如:1+1电源配置,表示该服务器有一个电源即可正常工作,另一个作为冗余电源备份的;2+1电源配置,表示该服务器有两个电源即可正常工作,另一个作为冗余电源备份的;2+2电源配置等等。 There are multiple redundant power supply configuration server, for example: 1 + 1 power supply configuration, the server indicates that a power supply to work properly, the other as a redundant backup power supply; 2 + 1 power configuration, indicating that the server has two a power supply to work properly, the other as a redundant backup power supply; 2 + 2 power configuration and the like. 冗余电源是为了实现服务器系统的高可靠性。 Server redundant power supply system is to achieve high reliability.

[0003] 1998年Intel、DELL、HP以及NEC共同提出IPMI规范,可以透过远端对服务器进行控制温度和电压。 [0003] In 1998 Intel, DELL, HP and NEC jointly proposed IPMI specification, the server can control the temperature and voltage through the distal end. IPMI的核心是一个专用的芯片/控制器,其并不依赖与服务器的处理器、B1S或操作系统来工作,是一个独立在系统内运行的无代理管理子系统,通常是一个独立的模块。 The core of the IPMI is a dedicated chip / controller, which does not depend on the server's processor, operating system or B1S work, no agent is an independent management subsystem running in the system, usually a separate module. 只要有BMC与IPMI固件,IPMI管理模块便可开始工作。 As long as there BMC with IPMI firmware, IPMI management module can begin work.

[0004] 由于管理模块在服务器中是独立存在,那么管理模块的电源也就独立于服务器的电源,不随服务器的电源控制而控制。 [0004] Since management module is independent of the presence server, then the power management module is also independent of the power to the server, the server does not vary with the power supply control is controlled. 当系统出现故障时,管理模块也可进行正常工作。 When the system fails, the management module is also available for work. 在现有的带管理功能的服务器中,电源系统是分成两套系统来进行设计。 In the conventional tape server management function, the power system is designed to be divided into two systems. 这样就增加了设计的难度和系统的复杂性。 This increases the difficulty and complexity of the design of the system.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对现有技术中的缺陷,本发明的目的是提供一种单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其使用单一冗余电源系统进行供电,IPMI管理模块无需进行单独电源上电,降低了设计的难度和系统的复杂性。 [0005] For the prior art drawbacks, an object of the present invention is to provide a single power management control IPMI redundant power management system, which uses a single redundant power supply system, IPMI management module without a separate power supply reduce the difficulty and complexity of the design of the system.

[0006] 根据本发明的一个方面,提供一种单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,由基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统和ARM管理子系统与一个的管理网口连接。 [0006] In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a power management system for a redundant IPMI single power management control, wherein the management by the ARM Embedded Linux operating system management subsystem and management subsystem with a ARM based network interface connector. 单片机子系统构成,ARM管理子系统和单片机子系统之间通过I2C总线进行连接,ARM管理子系统在一个机箱中形成I2C总线拓扑并负责信息的采集与处理、指令的发送,单片机子系统负责机箱中其他模块的上电控制。 Microcontroller subsystems, the connection between the microcontroller subsystem and management subsystem ARM via the I2C bus, ARM I2C bus topology management subsystem is formed in a chassis and is responsible for collecting and processing information, the transmission instruction, the microcontroller subsystem is responsible chassis the other power control modules.

[0007] 优选地,所述基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统通过I2C总线与机箱中其他模块相连,外部通过管理网口来远程访问和控制机箱中各个模块的状态。 [0007] Preferably, the Linux operating system based on embedded ARM management subsystem is connected via the I2C bus chassis with other modules, remote access and control the state of the external enclosure of each module to the management network port.

[0008] 优选地,所述单片机子系统根据机箱中模块的数量来分配相应数量的1管脚来进行各个模块上电控制。 [0008] Preferably, the microcontroller subsystem is to allocate a corresponding number of pins according to the number of modules in the chassis to electrically control the various modules.

[0009] 优选地,所述基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统与一个电源接口连接。 [0009] Preferably, the embedded Linux operating system and a power management subsystem ARM interface.

[0010] 优选地,所述单片机子系统与一个复位按钮连接。 [0010] Preferably, the microcontroller subsystem is connected to a reset button. [0011 ] 优选地,所述基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统与一个管理网口连接。 [0011] Preferably, the Linux operating system based on embedded ARM management subsystem and a management network interface connection.

[0012]与现有技术相比,本发明具有如下的有益效果:一,整个系统使用单电源系统供电,简化了系统设计,节省了成本;二,机箱中除管理模块之外其他模块的上电都可以进行控制,并可以独立的关断,减轻了电源的负担。 [0012] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: First, the entire system with a single power supply system, simplifying system design and cost savings; two, the other modules in the chassis except the management module power can be controlled, and can be independently turned off, reducing the burden on the power supply. 因而,具有很好的推广使用价值。 Thus, with good value for promotion.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 通过阅读参照以下附图对非限制性实施例所作的详细描述,本发明的其它特征、目的和优点将会变得更明显: [0013] By reading the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments given with reference to the following figures, other features of the present invention, objects and advantages will become more apparent:

[0014] 图1为本发明单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统的原理框图。 [0014] Fig 1 a schematic block diagram IPMI single redundant power management control of the power management system of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0015] 下面结合具体实施例对本发明进行详细说明。 Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail [0015] below in conjunction. 以下实施例将有助于本领域的技术人员进一步理解本发明,但不以任何形式限制本发明。 The following examples will assist those skilled in the art a further understanding of the invention, but do not limit the present invention in any way. 应当指出的是,对本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进。 It should be noted that one of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, further modifications and changes may be made. 这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 All these fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0016] 如图1所示,本发明单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统由基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统和单片机子系统构成,ARM管理子系统和单片机子系统之间通过I2C总线进行连接,ARM管理子系统在一个机箱中形成I2C总线拓扑并负责信息的采集与处理、指令的发送,单片机子系统负责机箱中其他模块的上电控制。 Between [0016] As shown, the present invention is a single power management control IPMI management system consists of redundant power subsystems based on ARM Embedded Linux operating system management subsystem and microprocessor, microcontroller subsystem and management subsystem ARM in FIG. 1 via I2C bus connection, the ARM I2C bus topology management subsystem is formed in a chassis and is responsible for collecting and processing information, the transmission instruction, the microcontroller subsystem is responsible for power control on the chassis of the other modules. ARM管理子系统与一个电源接口连接,这样方便进行供电。 ARM and a power management subsystem interface, to facilitate such power. 单片机子系统与一个复位按钮连接,复位按钮具有手动复位功能,用于管理子系统出现特殊故障且无法自行修复时使用,提高管理系统可靠性和可维护性;其余系统及模块复位可通过IPMI协议动态实现。 MCU subsystem is connected to a reset button, reset button having a manual reset function for managing the use of special subsystem failed and can not repair itself, improve the reliability and maintainability of the system management; and the rest of the system can be reset through the IPMI protocol module dynamic implementation. ARM管理子系统与一个管理网口连接。 ARM management subsystem connected to a management network port.

[0017] 系统由基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统和单片机子系统构成。 [0017] The system consists of subsystems based on embedded Linux operating system and ARM microcontroller subsystem management. 其中,基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统在机箱中形成I2C总线拓扑,负责信息的采集与处理、指令的发送;单片机子系统负责机箱其他模块的上电控制。 Wherein, based on the ARM Embedded Linux operating system management subsystem is formed in the chassis I2C bus topology, responsible for collecting and processing information, the transmission instruction; microcontroller subsystem is responsible for power control module chassis other. I2C通道用来收集各个基于IPMI协议的服务器发送的健康信息及发送开、关机等控制命令到其他模块。 I2C channel for collecting health information based on the respective transmitted by the server and transmission protocol IPMI open, shutdown control commands to the other modules. 单片机子系统通过1 口发送控制信号到各个模块的电源控制端,控制上电时序。 MCU subsystem to the control terminal of each power module to control the power by a transmission timing control signal. 可以通过更换单片机程序来调整上电时序或者通过管理页面发送指令来更改。 It can be changed by replacing the microcontroller program to adjust the power-on sequence or send commands through the management page.

[0018] ARM管理子系统通过I2C总线与单片机、机箱中其他模块相连,外部通过管理网口来远程访问和控制机箱中各个模块的状态。 [0018] ARM management subsystem with the microcontroller via the I2C bus, is connected to other modules in the chassis, the state of the external enclosure remote access and control of each module through the management network port. ARM管理子系统通过I2C总线对整机进行信息采集、处理和指令发送,获取整个系统的各个参数,实现IPMI相关功能。 ARM management subsystem information collection on the machine through the I2C bus, and the command transmission processing, obtaining the parameters of the system, to achieve IPMI related functions. 外部可以通过管理模块网络接口(简称“管理网口”)来远程访问和控制机箱中各个模块的状态。 The management module through an external network interface (referred to as "management network interface") state to remotely access and control the individual modules in the chassis. 单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统的实物模型跟机箱其他模块的接口有电源接口、复位按钮、I2C接口和网络接口,设计简单。 IPMI redundant physical model of the power management system with a single power management control of other modules has the interface chassis power connector, a simple reset button, I2C interface and the network interface design.

[0019] 单片机子系统可以根据机箱中模块的数量来分配相应数量的1管脚来进行各个模块上电控制,还可以灵活的对各个模块的上电时序进行控制,以减轻电源瞬时负载过大的问题。 [0019] The microcontroller subsystem may be assigned a corresponding number of pins according to the number of modules in the chassis to electrically control the various modules, but also the flexibility of power-on sequence for each module is controlled, in order to reduce the power transient overload The problem. 当机箱中有一个或几个模块需要独立关断电源又不影响其他模块的运行时,可以通过管理界面发送相应指令到ARM管理子系统,ARM管理子系统通过I2C总线把指令发送给单片机子系统,单片机通过程序把命令解析后对相应模块的电源进行关断。 When one or several modules require a separate power-off without affecting the operation of other modules in the chassis, the corresponding instructions can be transmitted through the management interface management subsystem to the ARM, the ARM management subsystem sends instructions to the microcontroller through the I2C bus subsystem , microcontroller parses the command corresponding to the power module is turned off by the program. 这样通过单片机程序可以灵活、简单的实现上述功能。 This flexible program by SCM, easy to achieve the above functions. 本发明改变了原有管理模块独立供电的方式,使系统变的更加简洁,并可实现冗余控制,也节省了成本。 The present invention changes the original management module independent power supply mode, the system becomes more compact, and to achieve redundancy control, and cost savings.

[0020] 以上对本发明的具体实施例进行了描述。 [0020] The foregoing specific embodiments of the invention have been described. 需要理解的是,本发明并不局限于上述特定实施方式,本领域技术人员可以在权利要求的范围内做出各种变形或修改,这并不影响本发明的实质内容。 Is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments, those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications within the scope of the appended claims, this does not affect the substance of the present invention.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,由基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统和单片机子系统构成,ARM管理子系统和单片机子系统之间通过I2C总线进行连接,ARM管理子系统在一个机箱中形成I2C总线拓扑并负责信息的采集与处理、指令的发送,单片机子系统负责机箱中其他模块的上电控制。 A single power management control IPMI redundant power management system, wherein, of the subsystem consists of embedded Linux operating system management subsystem and ARM microcontroller, via the I2C between ARM microcontroller subsystem and management subsystem bus connection, the ARM I2C bus topology management subsystem is formed in a chassis and is responsible for collecting and processing information, the transmission instruction, the microcontroller subsystem is responsible for power control on the chassis of the other modules.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,所述基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统通过I2C总线与机箱中其他模块相连,外部通过管理网口来远程访问和控制机箱中各个模块的状态。 The IPMI redundant power management system according to a single power management control as claimed in claim, wherein said embedded Linux operating system based on ARM management subsystem is connected via the I2C bus chassis with other modules via external management network port to remotely access and control states of the respective modules in the chassis.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,所述单片机子系统根据机箱中模块的数量来分配相应数量的1管脚来进行各个模块上电控制。 The power management control IPMI single redundant power management system according to claim 1, wherein said microcontroller subsystem to allocate a corresponding number of pins according to the number of modules in the chassis to the respective electrical module control.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,所述基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统与一个电源接口连接。 The IPMI redundant power management system according to a single power management control as claimed in claim, wherein said embedded Linux operating system and a power management subsystem ARM interface.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,所述单片机子系统与一个复位按钮连接。 Power management control IPMI single redundant power management system according to claim 1, characterized in that the microcontroller subsystem is connected to a reset button.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的单电源管理控制的IPMI冗余电源管理系统,其特征在于,所述基于嵌入式Linux操作系统的ARM管理子系统与一个管理网口连接。 The IPMI redundant power management system according to a single power management control as claimed in claim, wherein said embedded Linux operating system based on ARM management subsystem and a management network interface connection.
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CN203561985U (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-04-23 曙光信息产业(北京)有限公司 FPGA (field programmable gate array) chip and BMC (baseboard management controller) chip coordinated power management system for ATCA (advanced telecom computing architecture) blade
CN103986613A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-08-13 山东超越数控电子有限公司 Remote KVM (kernel-based virtual machine) management method based on network

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070050443A1 (en) * 1996-07-23 2007-03-01 Server Technology, Inc. Network remote power management outlet strip
CN101477403A (en) * 2009-01-22 2009-07-08 浪潮电子信息产业股份有限公司 Automatic control method for system power consumption
CN203561985U (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-04-23 曙光信息产业(北京)有限公司 FPGA (field programmable gate array) chip and BMC (baseboard management controller) chip coordinated power management system for ATCA (advanced telecom computing architecture) blade
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