CN104803792B - Bagasse biological organic fertilizer and preparation method - Google Patents

Bagasse biological organic fertilizer and preparation method Download PDF

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CN104803792B
CN104803792B CN201510207449.XA CN201510207449A CN104803792B CN 104803792 B CN104803792 B CN 104803792B CN 201510207449 A CN201510207449 A CN 201510207449A CN 104803792 B CN104803792 B CN 104803792B
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bagasse
organic fertilizer
days
fermentation
obtains
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CN104803792A (en
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李进学
高俊燕
岳建强
杜玉霞
朱春华
郭俊
李晶
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云南省农业科学院热带亚热带经济作物研究所
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of bagasse biological organic fertilizer and preparation methods, belong to bio-organic fertilizer preparation and utilize technical field.Bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and fragrance tobacco rod are mixed together uniformly by the present invention, obtain premix material by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, it is added in premix material, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, is fermented 20~30 days, second level fermentation is transferred to, continue to ferment, it is most measured afterwards, packs, obtain bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.Raw material sources of the invention are extensive, it gathers materials on the spot, cost is relatively low, it is easy to implement the method, it is easy to operate, versatility is stronger, and biological organic fertilizer provided by the invention is produced especially suitable for south China typical acid soil tillage fruit and vegetables, especially the high yield fine quality production of the citruses fruit tree such as lemon, orange, shaddock.

Description

Bagasse biological organic fertilizer and preparation method

Technical field

The invention belongs to bio-organic fertilizer preparation and utilize technical field, and in particular to one kind is former based on bagasse Biological organic fertilizer of material and preparation method thereof.

Background technique

" the fertile soil engineering " and development " green food " that middle and later periods the 1990s implements to earlier 2000s, China With implementation " non-polluted farm product " action plan, the process of organic fertilizer batch production is further advanced.Bio-organic fertilizer Refer to feces of livestock and poultry, stalk, agricultural and sideline product and the solid waste of food processing, organic waste and municipal sludge etc. for original Material, is equipped with the organic fertilizer containing a certain amount of functional microbial that Multifunctional fermentation inoculum agent is process.Biological organic fertilizer Other than containing higher organic matter, also containing the function bacterium and biocontrol microorganisms for improving nutrients release ability in fertilizer or soil, both A variety of inorganic nutrients and organic nutrient, fertilizing soil can be provided to crops, moreover it is possible to improve crop resistance, send out China's agricultural It is very big to open up meaning.

After crop applying bio-organic fertilizer, functional microbial in fertilizer can phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, while organic acid can be with The metallic elements such as calcium, magnesium, iron, aluminium form stable complex compound, to reduce phosphorus fixation, can significantly improve the utilization rate of phosphorus, In addition to this, the organic matter in solid waste by biological compound fungi group and advanced zymotechnique is innoxious, minimizing and After at stabilisation, it is made into bio-organic fertilizer, also has highly important effect to protection environment.Biological organic fertilizer combines The advantages of three kinds of chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer and bio-bacterial manure fertilizer, can be improved soil fertility, improves soil, preserves the ecological environment, It improves crop yield and quality, the pest and disease damage of antagonism crop, therefore, the research of biological organic fertilizer has become research hotspot.

Multifunctional biological fertilizer includes compound bacteria fertilizer.EM biological organic fertilizer is a kind of more function for connecing bacterium multi-functional strain It can bio-organic fertilizer.Biological organic fertilizer compost is divided into aerobic compost and anaerobic composting.Aerobic compost, which refers to, artificially to be controlled Under the conditions of, according to carbon-nitrogen ratio, granular size, moisture in microorganism windrow in the nutritional ingredient of various composting materials and composting process Various composting materials are mixed in a certain ratio accumulation by the requirement of content and pH value etc., under suitable moisture and aeration condition, Make microbial reproduction and organic matter of degrading, to generate high temperature, kills pathogeny bacterium therein and weed seed, reach organic matter It stabilizes.Thus, the factor of had an impact microorganism growth will all have an impact the quality of composting process and final products, main Influence factor is wanted to have moisture content, the content of organic matter, carbon-nitrogen ratio, ventilatory capacity, temperature, pH value, poisonous substance initial concentration etc..

Biological organism will lead to a large amount of environmental pollutions using improper;Partial fermentation biological organic fertilizer, there are fertilizer goods The problems such as frame phase is short, and survival benefit is poor, and biological organic fertilizer raw material is complicated, and production technology is to be improved.Sugarcane growing surface Product is distributed Jin30Duo Jia sugar enterprise, bagasse, the filter mud of sugarcane that annual most sugar enterprise generates at 5,000,000 mu or so Equal wastes have ten thousand tons of 15-20, and the smallest is also ten thousand tons of 3-5.Therefore, agricultural resource waste how is efficiently used, development has The production of machine fertilizer, realizes carbon sequestration returning to the field, guarantees the sustainable development of agricultural, increases the development and production of bio-organic fertilizer and be applied to For a kind of inevitable trend, the development and application of biological organic fertilizer will also be created good for China's green food Organic Food Industry in Chinaization Condition.Meanwhile the resource utilizations such as organic waste can be accelerated with the processing of when beneficial microorganism by different material, It reduces organic waste to pollute to caused by environment etc., the development of biological organic fertilizer will be sent out in terms of multi-functional from single function Exhibition, and different formulas is developed according to Different Crop, it is significant.

Summary of the invention

To solve annual up to a million tons of the cane sugar manufacture trade waste resource utilization of Yunnan Province of China, industry is reduced to money The problems such as source environmental pollution, the present invention provide it is a kind of using bagasse as biological organic fertilizer of main material and preparation method thereof, with Sugaring utilization of waste as resource is improved, output of the fruit tree is improved, improves Tree Fruit quality.

In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:

A kind of bagasse biological organic fertilizer, is grouped as by the group of following mass percent:

Bagasse 30-65%, filter mud 5-10.0%, chicken manure 5.0-15%,

Bagasse combustion ash 3-8%, cow dung 5-8%, coffee grounds 0-5%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 0-5%, turfy soil 3-10%, urea 1-4%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.2-1.5%, boron powder 0-1.2%, humic acid 2-6%,

EM bacteria agent 0.5-4%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%.

The preparation method of above-mentioned bagasse biological organic fertilizer, includes the following steps:

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 30-65%, filter mud 5-10.0%, chicken manure 5.0-15%,

Bagasse combustion ash 3-8%, cow dung 5-8%, coffee grounds 0-5%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 0-5%, turfy soil 3-10%, urea 1-4%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.2-1.5%, boron powder 0-1.2%, humic acid 2-6%,

EM bacteria agent 0.5-4%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%.

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, ferments 20~30 days, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 28-35 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

In above-mentioned technical proposal, the concrete operations of one grade fermemtation described in step (2) are as follows: the height for stacking of fermenting is 120 ~160cm, after heap temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 2~3 days 1~2 time, heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 After DEG C, turning 1~2 time again every 2~3 days;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, the model of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C is controlled Interior stacking 9~12 days is enclosed, continues fermentation maturity processing in 20~30 days altogether.

Dose when resulting bagasse bio-organic fertilizer application of the invention is: per acre the citruses such as lemon, shaddock, orange, Tropical fruit tree dose is 500~1500kg.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantages that:

The present invention is specified by the rational proportion of sugarcane waste, auxiliary material, mineral nutrient element and other ingredients with sweet Sugarcane bagasse is the biological organic fertilizer formula of main material.The raw material sources of sugarcane waste of the invention are extensive, fermentation process Easy, easy to operate, versatility is stronger;The raw material of use is selection on the spot, not strong to the support of raw material, production Non-environmental-pollution, production easy to spread.

It is provided by the invention using bagasse as the biological organic fertilizer of main material, formula rationally, it is easy to use it meet me The cane sugar manufacture trade waste resource utilization on the ground such as state's Sugarcane producing region, south and periphery sugarcane production country, production The technical characterstic of biological organic fertilizer.

It is discarded to be able to achieve raising sugaring for the biological organic fertilizer for producing fruit tree for bagasse biological organic fertilizer provided by the invention Object resource utilization improves output of the fruit tree, improves the purpose of Tree Fruit quality.

Bagasse biological organic fertilizer prepared by the present invention, continuous 2 years red in Yunnan Province Dehong prefecture Ruili City lemon producing region typical case Earth lemon garden is tested, development relevant comparative's evaluation test in 2 years, and bagasse biological organic fertilizer provided by the invention is China south Typical red (crimson) the earth lemon garden in side realizes significantly being promoted for yield and being obviously improved for quality.Bagasse biological organic fertilizer+ Lemon special fertilizer is higher than the yield for singly applying lemon special fertilizer, while improving the quality of citron fruit in various degree;Sugarcane of the present invention The yield of slag biological fertilizer is higher than the yield of organic fertilizer accustomed to using, Vc, titratable acid and soluble solid, yield point It Zeng Jia by 18.06%, 24.0%;Fruit Vc content increases separately 12.85%, 11.57%;Titratable acid increases separately 3.2%, 3.0%, Soluble solid increases separately 4.45%, 1.55%.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the influence diagram that different disposal of the present invention is applied fertilizer to lemon single plant yield.

Specific embodiment

Below with reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.

It will be understood to those of skill in the art that the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and it should not be regarded as limiting this hair Bright range.In the examples where no specific technique or condition is specified, described technology or conditions according to the literature in the art Or it is carried out according to product description.Reagents or instruments used without specified manufacturer is that can be obtained by purchase Conventional products.

Clear justice organic fertilizer is provided by Baoshan, Yunnan organic fertilizer responsibility Co., Ltd adopted clearly;

Lemon special fertilizer I and lemon special fertilizer II are provided by Yuxi chemical fertilizer Co., Ltd.

Embodiment 1

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 65%, filter mud 5.2%, chicken manure 6%,

Bagasse combustion ash 3%, cow dung 5%, coffee grounds 2.5%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 0%, turfy soil 6%, urea 1.2%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.6%, boron powder 0.5%, humic acid 2.5%,

EM bacteria agent 2.5%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~130cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~42 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~68 DEG C, turning 1 again every 2 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~3 DEG C, control is stacked 9 days in the range of temperature 50 C~53 DEG C, continues to send out for 20 days altogether The decomposed processing of ferment, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 28 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 2

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 55%, filter mud 5.5%, chicken manure 9.5%,

Bagasse combustion ash 3.5%, cow dung 5.5%, coffee grounds 3.0%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 0.5%, turfy soil 9%, urea 3.0%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.3%, boron powder 0.6%, humic acid 3.0%,

EM bacteria agent 1.6%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 150~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 45 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 3 days 2 times, after heap temperature rises to 67 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 2 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 52 DEG C~55 DEG C, is stacked 12 days in the range of 52 DEG C~55 DEG C of temperature of control, continue 30 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 29 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 3

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 58%, filter mud 5.8%, chicken manure 9.0%

Bagasse combustion ash 3.8%, cow dung 5.8%, coffee grounds 2.0%

Fragrance tobacco rod 0.8%, turfy soil 3.0%, urea 2.1%,

Magnesium sulfate 1.2%, boron powder 0.0%, humic acid 5.5%,

EM bacteria agent 3.0%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 140~150cm, to heap After temperature rises to 43 DEG C~46 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 66 DEG C~69 DEG C, turning 2 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 51 DEG C~54 DEG C, is stacked 11 days in the range of 51 DEG C~54 DEG C of temperature of control, continue 26 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 30 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 4

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 52%, filter mud 6.2%, chicken manure 8.4%

Bagasse combustion ash 4.5%, cow dung 6.3%, coffee grounds 2.2%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 2.0%, turfy soil 4.8%, urea 2.5%,

Magnesium sulfate 1.5%, boron powder 1.1%, humic acid 5.0%

EM bacteria agent 3.5%

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 3 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 1 again every 2 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 10 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 28 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 31 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 5

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 50%, filter mud 6.8%, chicken manure 8.0%,

Bagasse combustion ash 5.2%, cow dung 6.8%, coffee grounds 2.7%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 1.2%, turfy soil 6.5%, urea 2.0%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.8%, boron powder 1.0%, humic acid 6.0%,

EM bacteria agent 3.0%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 3 days 2 times, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 2 again every 2 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 11 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 25 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 32 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 6

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 46%, filter mud 7.0%, chicken manure 11%,

Bagasse combustion ash 6.6%, cow dung 7.0%, coffee grounds 3.9%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 2.5%, turfy soil 4.2%, urea 3.2%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.9%, boron powder 0.9%, humic acid 4.0%,

EM bacteria agent 2.8%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 1 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 10 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 26 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 33 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 7

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 42%, filter mud 7.2%, chicken manure 12%,

Bagasse combustion ash 7.0%, cow dung 7.5%, coffee grounds 4.0%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 2.5%, turfy soil 6.5%, urea 3.8%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.7%, boron powder 0.5%, humic acid 5.8%,

EM bacteria agent 0.5%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 2 times, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 2 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 12 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 29 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 34 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 8

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 36%, filter mud 8.5%, chicken manure 14%,

Bagasse combustion ash 7.2%, cow dung 7.6%, coffee grounds 3.5%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 4.5%, turfy soil 8.0%, urea 2.6%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.5%, boron powder 0.6%, humic acid 4.5%,

EM bacteria agent 2.5%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 1 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 9 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 22 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 35 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 9

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 30%, filter mud 9.5%, chicken manure 15%,

Bagasse combustion ash 6.8%, cow dung 8.0%, coffee grounds 4.5%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 5.0%, turfy soil 9.5%, urea 2.5%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.2%, boron powder 0.8%, humic acid 4.8%,

EM bacteria agent 3.4%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 1 again every 2 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 10 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 27 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to spontaneous fermentation, continues to ferment under field conditions (factors) by step (4) 28 days, obtain spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 10

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 65%, filter mud 5.0%, chicken manure 5.0%,

Bagasse combustion ash 4.2%, cow dung 5%, coffee grounds 0.0%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 0%, 8.7% urea 1.0% of turfy soil,

Magnesium sulfate 0.6%, boron powder 0.5%, humic acid 2.5%,

EM bacteria agent 2.5%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 3 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 1 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 10 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 24 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 29 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

Embodiment 11

Step (1) is stocked up by the component of following mass percent:

Bagasse 46%, filter mud 10.0%, chicken manure 5.5%,

Bagasse combustion ash 6.0%, cow dung 5.5%, coffee grounds 5.0%,

Fragrance tobacco rod 0.5%, turfy soil 10%, urea 4.0%,

Magnesium sulfate 0.3%, boron powder 1.2%, humic acid 2.0%,

EM bacteria agent 4.0%;

The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;

Step (2), by bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and the fragrance tobacco rod in step (1) It is mixed together uniformly, obtains premix material;

Step (3), by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent after mixing, be added to step Suddenly in the premix material that (2) obtain, the processing of first order fermentation maturity is carried out, the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, to heap After temperature rises to 40 DEG C~50 DEG C, every turning in 2 days 1 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 2 again every 3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, control is stacked 11 days in the range of temperature 50 C~55 DEG C, continues 26 days altogether Fermentation maturity processing, obtains one grade fermemtation material;

The one grade fermemtation material that step (3) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continued under field conditions (factors) by step (4) Fermentation 30 days, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;

Step (5), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (4), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.

The present invention provides the biological organic fertilizer that a kind of bagasse is main composition of raw materials, carries out effect by following test and tests Card:

It is tested in October, -2014 in October, 2012 in Dehong prefecture Ruili City academy of agricultural sciences of Yunnan Province tropical and subtropical zone economy Crop research institute lemon base carries out, and test material is 9 years lemon orchards of field planting, and stock is Fructus Aurantii anvil, and kind is to make every effort to overcome especially, often Regulate reason.For gentle slope, soil types is yellow red soil, soil physical chemistry situation are as follows: pH5.43, organic matter 2.18%, alkali in lemon garden Solve 98 mg/kg of nitrogen, 111.59 mg/kg of rapid available phosphorus, 171.07 mg/kg of available potassium, 1310.38 mg/kg of effective calcium, effective magnesium 128.6 mg/kg, 1.73 mg/kg of Available cupper, 2.98 mg/kg of effective zinc, 97.43 mg/kg of effective iron, effective manganese 12.1 mg/kg。

It is biological organic fertilizer produced by the invention, local common biological organic fertilizer (clear justice organic fertilizer), lemon for examination fertilizer I (N:P of lemon special fertilizer2O5: K2O=16:4:15) and II (N:P of lemon special fertilizer2O5: K2O=12:12:11).It tests organic by two kinds Fertilizer with compound fertilizer individually, be administered in combination, different every plant of 20kg of applying fertilizer amount set 5 processing (table 1), each place altogether Manage 8 plants of trees, 3 repetitions.Each processing fertilizing method is equal are as follows: 10 the middle ten days fruit picking tip-promoting fertilizer uses cave-applied fertilizer;Other periods apply Fertile method is fertigation.

1 different disposal fertilizing time of table and dose

Experimental study shows: the combination of application different fertilizer has significantly the yield in 2013 years and 2014 years It influences.2013 processing No. II-S(bagasse biological organic fertilizer+lemon special fertilizer of the present invention) average single plant yield highest, reach 35.62kg, clear justice organic fertilizer+lemon special fertilizer processing are taken second place, and the more mixed than lemon special fertilizer+organic fertilizer of lemon special fertilizer is singly applied Close the low output of fertilising;2014 year processing No. II-S(bagasse biological organic fertilizer+lemon special fertilizers of the present invention) average single plant Yield highest is 32.48kg, handles taking second place for Q-S, is 26.18kg;It is each to handle from the point of view of 2 years average single plant yields 2014 decreased compared with 2013, and yield of the yield of this formula biological organic fertilizer than organic fertilizer accustomed to using is high, respectively Increase by 18.06%, 24.0%(Fig. 1).

The combination of application different fertilizer has apparent influence to the citron fruit quality of, 2014 years in 2013, generally Be without using organic fertilizer crushing juice rate, Vc, titratable acid and soluble solid and organo-mineral combined fertilization difference compared with Greatly.Influence of the processing in 2013 to lemon crushing juice rate is little, and the difference of the crushing juice rate without using organic fertilizer in 2014 reaches extremely aobvious It writes horizontal;, in 2013 in 2014, citron fruit Vc content, the content ratio of bagasse biological organic fertilizer of the present invention get used to organic The yield of fertilizer is high, increases separately 12.85%, 11.57%;Titratable acid increases separately 3.2%, 3.0%;The difference of soluble solid Less, the content of bagasse biological organic fertilizer of the present invention increases separately 4.45%, 1.55%(table than the content of organic fertilizer accustomed to using 2).

The influence that 2 different disposal of table is applied fertilizer to lemon quality

A, b, c lowercase respectively represent the level of the significance of difference in p < 0.05 in table 2.

The basic principles, main features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe this The principle of invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes Change and improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention by appended claims and its Equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of bagasse biological organic fertilizer, which is characterized in that by the component of following mass percent:
Bagasse 30-65%, filter mud 5-10.0%, chicken manure 5.0-15%,
Bagasse combustion ash 3-8%, cow dung 5-8%, coffee grounds 0-5%,
Fragrance tobacco rod 0-5%, turfy soil 3-10%, urea 1-4%,
Magnesium sulfate 0.2-1.5%, boron powder 0-1.2%, humic acid 2-6%,
EM bacteria agent 0.5-4%;
The summation of above-mentioned each component is 100%;
It is made by the following steps:
(1) bagasse, filter mud, chicken manure, bagasse combustion ash, cow dung, coffee grounds and fragrance tobacco rod are mixed together uniformly, are premixed Material;
(2) after mixing by turfy soil, urea, magnesium sulfate, boron powder, humic acid and EM bacteria agent, it is added to what step (1) obtained It premixes in material, carries out the processing of first order fermentation maturity, ferment 20~30 days, obtain one grade fermemtation material;
The concrete operations of the one grade fermemtation are as follows: the height for stacking of fermenting is 120~160cm, rises to 40 DEG C to heap temperature After~50 DEG C, every turning in 2~3 days 1~2 time, after heap temperature rises to 65 DEG C~70 DEG C, turning 1~2 again every 2~3 days It is secondary;After heap temperature is down to 50 DEG C~55 DEG C, stacks in the range of control temperature 50 C~55 DEG C 9~12 days, continue altogether Fermentation maturity processing in 20~30 days;
(3), the one grade fermemtation material that step (2) obtains is transferred to nature pile-fermentation, continues the 28-35 that ferments under field conditions (factors) It, obtains spontaneous fermentation material;
(4), by the obtained spontaneous fermentation material metering of step (3), packaging obtains bagasse bio-organic fertilizer.
CN201510207449.XA 2015-04-28 2015-04-28 Bagasse biological organic fertilizer and preparation method CN104803792B (en)

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