CN104802867A - Traveling chassis of submarine mining vehicle - Google Patents

Traveling chassis of submarine mining vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104802867A
CN104802867A CN 201510238573 CN201510238573A CN104802867A CN 104802867 A CN104802867 A CN 104802867A CN 201510238573 CN201510238573 CN 201510238573 CN 201510238573 A CN201510238573 A CN 201510238573A CN 104802867 A CN104802867 A CN 104802867A
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CN
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track
plate
chassis
long
traveling
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CN 201510238573
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104802867B (en )
Inventor
吴冬华
金星
唐红平
毛桂庭
李满红
曾轩
程阳锐
彭建平
段炼
李俊
刘成军
黄鑫超
李锋
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长沙矿冶研究院有限责任公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D55/00Endless track vehicles
    • B62D55/06Endless track vehicles with tracks without ground wheels
    • B62D55/065Multi-track vehicles, i.e. more than two tracks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D55/00Endless track vehicles
    • B62D55/08Endless track units; Parts thereof
    • B62D55/18Tracks

Abstract

The invention discloses a traveling chassis of a submarine mining vehicle. The traveling chassis comprises a vehicle body bracket, a crawler bracket and two traveling crawlers, wherein the two traveling crawlers are arranged at the two sides of the crawler bracket; a plurality of long toothed plates are arranged on the traveling crawlers at intervals; a plurality of short toothed plates are arranged between the adjacent long toothed plates at intervals; each long toothed plate is higher than the corresponding short toothed plate; each long toothed plate is vertical to the grounding surface of the traveling crawler, and an acute angle is formed between each long toothed plate and the traveling direction of the corresponding traveling crawler. The traveling chassis of the submarine mining vehicle has the advantages that the pushing property is good, the slippage rate is low, the energy consumption is low, the traveling chassis is suitable for deep-sea thin and soft bottom environments, and the like.

Description

海底采矿车行走底盘 Seabed mining vehicle chassis walking

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及海底工程作业设备技术领域,具体涉及一种海底采矿车行走底盘。 Technical Field The invention relates to subsea equipment engineering work, particularly, to a seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis [0001] present.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 多金属结核位于海底沉积物上,往往处于半埋藏状态。 [0002] polymetallic nodules located on the seabed sediments, often buried in a semi-state. 结核在不同深度的海底都存在,但在深度为4000米至6000米的深海海底赋存量最丰富。 Tuberculosis there are different depths in the sea, but the most abundant stock of Fu in the deep seabed depth of 4000-6000 meters. 深海沉积物在性质上不均匀,是通过不同的沉积作用形成的,沉积物内聚力和内摩擦角均很小,其中淤泥的内聚力最小,这是由于其含水量极高并呈流塑状态的缘故,然而海底沉积物中淤泥占的比例较大,会对作业车的牵引力产生影响。 Deep-sea sediments uneven in nature, are formed by different deposition, cohesion and angle of internal friction sediments are very small, the smallest sludge cohesion, which is due to its high moisture content and form of plastic flow state sake However, seabed sediments larger proportion of silt, have an impact on work vehicle traction. 这是因为采矿作业车在海底沉积物上行使时,履带对海底面施加向后的水平力,地面随之发生剪切变形,相应的剪切力便构成海底沉积物对作业车的推力。 This is because the mining operation on the seafloor sediments exercise car, track backward horizontal force is applied to the surface of the seabed, shear deformation occurs along the ground, the corresponding shear forces constitute the thrust of the seafloor sediment working vehicle.

[0003] 此外,在深海环境下海底采矿作业车的影响因素还有,车体过大的接地比压造成车体过量沉陷;过大的迎水面;沉积物对作业车车底和履带齿的粘附;履带接地形态和多金属结核对链条的卡链等。 [0003] Further, in the deep seabed mining environmental factors as well working vehicle, the vehicle body ground pressure is too large subsidence caused by excessive body; excessive positive side; sediment working vehicle underbody and the grouser adhesive; polymetallic nodules and morphology of the ground track chain card chain.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明要解决的技术问题是克服现有技术存在的不足,提供一种推进性能好、打滑率低、能耗小、能够适应深海稀软底质环境的海底采矿车行走底盘。 [0004] The present invention to solve the technical problem is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a propulsion performance, low slip, low energy consumption, able to adapt to the deep seabed mining vehicle softer sediments was walking chassis.

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用以下技术方案: [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention employs the following technical solution:

一种海底采矿车行走底盘,包括车体支架、履带支架和安装于履带支架两侧的两条行走履带,所述行走履带上设有若干间隔布置的长齿板,相邻长齿板之间设有若干间隔布置的短齿板,长齿板的高度大于短齿板的高度;各长齿板垂直于行走履带的接地面并与行走履带行进方向呈锐角。 A subsea mining vehicle traveling chassis, comprising a body frame, and a track support mounted on two mounting brackets track crawlers, the traveling plate is provided with a plurality of long spaced teeth on the track, between the adjacent long tooth plate plate is provided with a plurality of spaced short teeth and long teeth plate height greater than the height of the short teeth plate; each long tooth plate perpendicular to the running track and the ground plane with an acute angle to the direction of travel crawlers.

[0006] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述行走履带由若干履带板依次连接而成,各履带板内表面的两侧均设有用于将海底沉积物导出的斜面,所述斜面在履带板内表面朝上时向履带板外侧倾斜向下布置。 [0006] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the crawlers of several track shoes connected together sequentially, on both sides in each track shoe has ramp surfaces for seabed sediment derived, the ramp track shoe the inner surface of the upwardly inclined downwardly disposed outwardly of the track shoe.

[0007] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述履带板内表面的两侧分别固接有一非金属导向块,各斜面设于相应侧的非金属导向块上。 [0007] The walking chassis, preferably, the inner surface of the track shoe are respectively fixed to both sides of a non-metallic guide block, each of the non-metallic guide ramp provided on the corresponding side of the block.

[0008] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述履带板内表面的两侧分别设有履带传动链,各非金属导向块的内侧面与相应侧履带传动链的内侧面紧贴。 [0008] The walking chassis, preferably, both sides of the inner surface of the track shoe are provided with crawler drive chain, each of the inner side surface of the inner side surface of the guide block and the corresponding non-metallic side crawler belt against the drive chain.

[0009] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述履带板包括间隔交错连接的若干长齿履带板和若干短齿履带板,每个长齿履带板上均设有一个长齿板和两个短齿板,两个所述短齿板分设于长齿板的两侧;每个短齿履带板上均设有两个以上均匀间隔布置的短齿板;各长齿板的两侧与长齿履带板之间均设有加强撑板,各短齿板的截面呈三角形或梯形。 [0009] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the track plate includes a plurality of staggered intervals long teeth and a plurality of track shoe connecting track shoe short teeth, the long teeth each track shoe has a long and two short toothed plate tooth plate, the plate is divided into two short teeth on the two long sides of the tooth plate; each short tooth track shoe plate has uniformly spaced short teeth two or more; the respective long sides of the teeth and long teeth plate have a reinforcing gusset plate between the track, the short section of each tooth is triangular or trapezoidal plates.

[0010] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述长齿履带板和短齿履带板的接地面喷涂有非金属低阻材料。 [0010] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the ground track shoe long teeth and short teeth of the track shoe sprayed with low resistance non-metallic material.

[0011] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述履带支架的底部设有多个与行走履带接触的导向轮,多个导向轮沿水平面直线排列布置。 [0011] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the bottom bracket is provided with a plurality of track crawlers in contact with the guide wheels, guide wheels arranged in a plurality arranged in a line along a horizontal plane.

[0012] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述履带支架的内部为浮箱结构,浮箱结构的空隙中填充有浮力材料;所述浮箱结构为桁架支撑结构或蜂窝支撑结构。 [0012] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the track is a pontoon inner support structure, buoyancy tank structure the void is filled with buoyant material; the buoyancy tank structure is a honeycomb support structure or a truss structure.

[0013] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述车体支架的底面为喷涂有非金属低阻材料的平板,所述平板的前端装设有用于向车体支架前下部喷水的喷水组件,所述喷水组件包括可转动调节角度的喷管以及间隔装设于所述喷管上的多个喷嘴,所述喷管的内腔通过管道与水泵相连,各喷嘴与喷管的内腔连通。 [0013] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the bottom surface of the bracket body is a non-metal plate is coated with a low resistance material, with a front end of the mounting plate assembly for a water spray to the front lower portion of the vehicle body bracket the spray nozzle assembly comprises a rotatably mounted adjustable angle, and a plurality of spaced nozzles on the nozzle, the nozzle is connected via conduit to the lumen of the pump, the lumen of each nozzle and lance connectivity.

[0014] 上述的行走底盘,优选的,所述履带支架中间的连接梁通过升降机构装设于车体支架上。 [0014] The travel of the chassis, preferably, the track intermediate holder mounted on the body of the connecting beam holder by the lifting mechanism.

[0015]与现有技术相比,本发明的优点在于:本发明海底采矿车行走底盘在行走履带上设有若干间隔布置的长齿板,相邻长齿板之间又设有若干间隔布置的短齿板,行走时长齿板容易插入沉积物中,长齿板剪切沉积物,提供主要推进力,短齿板同样能剪切沉积物,并提高履带与沉积物之间的摩擦力,从而可提高与底层沉积物的剪切面积来提高推进力,降低履带打滑率,并达到了合理降低能耗的目的;同时,各长齿板垂直于行走履带的接地面并与行走履带行进方向呈锐角,使行走履带上的沉积物可顺着斜向排布的长齿板表面滑落,降低行走履带上沉积物对驱动功率和驱动力的影响。 [0015] Compared with the prior art, advantages of the present invention is that: seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis of the present invention, an elongated plate having a number of teeth spaced at the crawlers, and has a plurality of spaced plates between adjacent long tooth short tooth plate, walking long tooth insert plate readily sediment, sediment long tooth shear plate, provide the main propulsion, same can cut short teeth plate deposits and increase the frictional force between the track and the sediment, thereby improving the shear area of ​​bottom sediments to improve propulsive force, reducing the track slip ratio, and achieve the purpose of reducing energy consumption reasonable; same time, the long tooth plate perpendicular to the running track and the ground plane with the direction of travel crawlers at an acute angle, so that deposits may be running on the track along the length of the obliquely arranged tooth plate sliding surface, to reduce the influence of deposits on the crawlers and the driving force of the driving power. 该行走底盘能够适应深海稀软底质环境。 The traveling chassis can accommodate deep softer sediments environment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘的立体结构示意图。 [0016] Fig 1 a schematic perspective seabed mining vehicle chassis structure of the present invention is walking.

[0017] 图2为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘的剖视结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 2 seabed mining vehicle chassis with a schematic cross-sectional view of the present disclosure walking.

[0018]图3为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘中行走履带装设在履带支架上的立体结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 3 seabed mining vehicle chassis travel crawlers perspective structural diagram of the track on the mounting bracket of the present invention.

[0019]图4为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘中长齿履带板的立体结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the chassis with the long teeth of the track shoe seabed mining vehicle traveling the present invention.

[0020]图5为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘中长齿履带板的俯视图。 [0020] FIG. 5 seabed mining vehicle travel plan view of the chassis in the long tooth track shoe of the present invention.

[0021]图6为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘中短齿板履带板的立体结构示意图。 [0021] FIG. 6 seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis perspective structural diagram of a short tooth plate track shoe of the present invention.

[0022] 图7为本发明海底采矿车行走底盘在稀软底质下的行走示意图。 [0022] FIG. 7 is a schematic travel at the chassis bottom material softer seabed mining vehicle traveling the present invention.

[0023] 图例说明: [0023] Legend:

1、车体支架;11、平板;2、履带支架;21、导向轮;3、行走履带;31、履带板;311、长齿履带板;312、短齿履带板;32、斜面;33、非金属导向块;34、履带传动链;4、长齿板;41、加强撑板;5、短齿板;6、喷管;7、喷嘴;8、升降机构;9、连接梁。 1, the vehicle body bracket; 11, flat; 2, track support; 21, guide wheel; 3, the crawlers; 31, the track shoe; 311, the long tooth track shoe; 312, track shoe short teeth; 32, ramp; 33, non-metallic guide block; 34, chain drive track; 4, the long tooth plate; 41, reinforcing gusset; 5, short tooth plate; 6, nozzle; 7, a nozzle; 8, elevator mechanism; 9, connecting beams.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024] 以下结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0024] Further detailed description and specific embodiments of the present invention is made in conjunction with the following drawings.

[0025] 如图1至图4所示,本发明的海底采矿车行走底盘,包括车体支架1、履带支架2和安装于履带支架2两侧的两条相互平行的行走履带3,各行走履带3上设有若干间隔布置的长齿板4,相邻长齿板4之间设有若干间隔布置的短齿板5,长齿板4的高度大于短齿板5的高度,其中,长齿板4的高度为150_,短齿板5的高度为30_,各长齿板4垂直于行走履带3的接地面(也即行走履带3的外表面)并与行走履带3行进方向呈锐角,参见图5,图中箭头方向为行走履带3行进方向,该方向也即行走履带3的长度方向。 [0025] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, the present invention seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis, comprising a holder body 1, the crawlers 2 and the track support mounted on two sides of the track 2 of the holder 3 parallel, each running track 3 is provided with a plurality of teeth spaced a long plate 4 is provided with a plurality of spaced short teeth plate 5, the long tooth height greater than the height of the plate 4 plate 5 short teeth between the long teeth of adjacent plate 4, wherein the length height of the teeth plate 4 is 150_, highly short teeth plate 5 is 30_, each long tooth plate 4 perpendicularly to the crawlers ground 3 (i.e. running the outer surface of the track 3), and with the crawlers 3 traveling direction at an acute angle, Referring to figure 5, the direction of the arrow in FIG. 3 is a traveling direction of travel of the track, i.e. the running direction of the track 3 in the longitudinal direction. 履带支架2左右两侧行走履带3上的长齿板4相互对称,也即两条行走履带3上的长齿板4呈“八”字型对称分布。 2 left and right sides of track support long tooth crawlers symmetrical to each other on the plate 4 3, i.e. two long teeth running plate 4 was "eight" shape on track 3 symmetry. 行走时长齿板4容易插入沉积物中,长齿板4剪切沉积物,提供主要推进力,短齿板5同样能剪切沉积物,并提高履带与沉积物之间的摩擦力,从而可提高与底层沉积物的剪切面积来提高推进力,降低履带打滑率,并达到了合理降低能耗的目的;同时,各长齿板4垂直于行走履带3的接地面并与行走履带3行进方向呈锐角,使行走履带3上的沉积物可顺着斜向排布的长齿板4表面滑落,降低行走履带3上沉积物对驱动功率和驱动力的影响。 When running long tooth plate 4 easy insertion sediment, sediment shear long tooth plate 4, to provide the main propulsion, same can short cut tooth plate 5 deposit, and increase the frictional force between the track and the deposits, thereby improve the shear area of ​​bottom sediments and to improve propulsive force, reducing the track slip ratio, and achieve the purpose of reducing energy consumption reasonable; same time, the long tooth plate 4 perpendicularly to the running track and the ground plane 3 and the travel crawlers 3 direction at an acute angle, so that the deposits on the crawlers 3 4 along the surface of the long teeth may be obliquely arranged slide plate, reducing the impact on the crawlers sediments and the driving force of the driving power 3. 该行走底盘能够适应深海稀软底质环境。 The traveling chassis can accommodate deep softer sediments environment.

[0026] 本实施例中,行走履带3由若干履带板31依次连接而成,履带板31包括间隔交错连接的若干长齿履带板311和若干短齿履带板312,如图4和图5所示,每个长齿履带板311上均设有一个长齿板4和两个短齿板5,两个短齿板5分设于长齿板4的两侧,长齿履带板311和长齿板4的所有接地面均喷涂非金属低阻材料,可降低沉积物的粘附力,降低沉积物对驱动功率和驱动力的影响。 [0026] In this embodiment, the crawlers 3 by a plurality of track shoes 31 are connected together sequentially, the track plate 31 comprises a plurality of connecting teeth staggered intervals long track plate 311 and a plurality of short teeth track plate 312, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 shown, each long track plate tooth 311 has a long plate 4 and the two tooth plates 5 short teeth, two short teeth plate 5 is divided on both sides of the long tooth plate 4, the long tooth plate 311 and the long tooth track All plates were ground coating 4 of low resistance non-metallic materials, can reduce the adhesion of deposits, deposits reduce the influence of a driving power and drive force. 长齿板4的顶部呈梯形(长齿板4顶部的两侧具有倒角)。 The long tooth top trapezoidal plate 4 (top of the long sides of the tooth plate 4 has a chamfer). 各长齿板4的两侧与长齿履带板311之间还可设有加强撑板41,能够提高长齿板4的连接强度和抗弯性。 The respective long sides of the long tooth plate 4 may also be provided with a tooth track shoe 41 between the reinforcing strut 311, the connection strength can be improved and the long tooth bending of the plate 4. 如图6所示,每个短齿履带板312上均设有三个均匀间隔布置的短齿板5,各短齿板5的截面呈三角形或梯形,该种形状的短齿板5具有较高的强度,短齿履带板312和短齿板5的所有接地面也均喷涂非金属低阻材料,以降低沉积物的粘附力,降低沉积物对驱动功率和驱动力的影响。 6, each of the short tooth on the track shoe 312 has three evenly spaced short teeth plate 5, a short section of each tooth plate is triangular or trapezoidal 5, the short tooth shapes of the plate 5 have a higher intensity, all the short teeth 312 and short teeth track shoe ground plate 5 are also low resistance non-metallic coating material to reduce adhesion of deposit, reduce the influence of deposits on the driving power and the driving force.

[0027] 本实施例中,如图4和图5所示,各履带板31内表面的两侧均设有用于将海底沉积物导出的斜面32,该斜面32在履带板31内表面朝上时向履带板31外侧倾斜向下布置,也即,各斜面32与履带板31接地面(外表面)之间的距离沿履带板31中部到侧边的方向逐渐减小。 [0027] In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, both the inner surface of each track shoe 31 are provided with means for deriving a slope seafloor sediments 32, 32 upwardly in the inclined surface of the track shoe 31 arranged inclined downwardly toward the outer side of the track shoe 31, i.e., the direction of the center 31 of each inclined surface 32 along the track with the track plate from the ground plate (the outer surface) of between 31 gradually decreases to the side. 履带板31上的斜面32可将海底沉积物向履带板31的两侧导出,可降低履带齿沉陷后带起沉积物的量,能够进一步降低能耗。 The inclined surface 31 on the plate track 32 can be led out to both sides of bottom sediments of the track plate 31, reduces the amount of settlement grouser deposit brought up, power consumption can be further reduced. 上述斜面32的设置具体是,在履带板31内表面的两侧分别固接有一非金属导向块34,各斜面32设于相应侧的非金属导向块33上。 The slope 32 is provided in particular, at both sides of the inner surface of the track plate 31 are respectively fixed to the guide block 34 has a non-metallic, each of the inclined surface 32 provided on the respective non-metallic guide block 33 side.

[0028] 本实施例中,履带板31内表面的两侧分别设有履带传动链33,各非金属导向块34的内侧面紧贴相应侧的履带传动链33,非金属导向块34能有效阻挡多金属结核颗粒卡入履带传动链33,降低卡入后带来的脱链等风险。 [0028] In this embodiment, both the inner surface of the track plate 31 are respectively provided with caterpillar drive chain 33, the inner surface of each non-metallic guide block 34 against the corresponding side of the caterpillar chain 33, non-metallic guide block 34 can be effectively polymetallic nodules barrier particles into the card track drive chain 33, then decreased to bring the card into the off-chain risks.

[0029] 本实施例中,履带支架2的底部设有多个与行走履带3接触的导向轮21,多个导向轮21沿水平面直线排列布置,使行走履带3的下部始终保持平面状与海底接触(参见图7),并使行走履带3上的长齿板4和短齿板5垂直插入海底。 [0029] In this embodiment, the bottom of the track support 2 is provided with a plurality of guide rollers 3 in contact with the running track 21, a plurality of guide wheels 21 are arranged linearly arranged along a horizontal plane, so that the lower portion of the crawlers 3 was kept flat seabed a contact (see FIG. 7), and the crawlers 3 on the plate 4 long teeth and short teeth plate 5 is inserted vertically seabed.

[0030] 本实施例中,履带支架2的内部为浮箱结构,浮箱结构的空隙中填充有浮力材料以降低行走底盘在水中的重量,减少在外部增加浮力材料带来的水阻力;浮箱结构可以为桁架支撑结构或蜂窝支撑结构,桁架支撑结构或蜂窝支撑结构均可参考现有技术。 [0030] In this embodiment, the inner track support structure 2 is a pontoon, pontoon structure void is filled with buoyant material to reduce the weight of the water traveling chassis, reducing the increase in resistance caused by the water outside the buoyant material; floating box truss structure may be a honeycomb support structure or a support structure, a honeycomb structure or a truss support structure may refer to the prior art.

[0031] 本实施例中,车体支架I的底面为平板11,可增加行走底盘接地面积,降低行走底盘的接地比压和沉陷深度;平板11喷涂有非金属低阻材料,可降低沉积物的粘附力,降低沉积物对驱动功率和驱动力的影响。 The bottom surface [0031] In this embodiment, the stent I of the vehicle body 11 is a flat plate, the ground contact area increase chassis walking, walking chassis ground reducing the specific pressure and subsidence depth; plate sprayed with a non-metallic low resistance material 11 can be reduced deposits adhesion, reduce the influence of deposits on the driving power of the driving force. 平板11的前端装设有用于向车体支架I前下部喷水的喷水组件,喷水组件包括可转动调节角度的喷管6以及间隔装设于喷管6上的多个喷嘴7,喷管6为一两端封闭的钢管,其内腔通过管道与水泵相连,各喷嘴7与喷管6的内腔连通,采用喷嘴7喷出高压水,可使车体前下部沉积物液化,降低沉积物的粘度,从而降低车体前进时的阻力。 A front end plate 11 is mounted with a bracket assembly I sprinkler water to the lower portion of the front vehicle body assembly comprising a rotatable adjustable spray angle nozzles 6 mounted on the nozzle and the interval of the plurality of nozzles 6 7 Spray 6 is a tube closed at both ends of a steel pipe, which is connected with the water pump via conduit lumen, each nozzle 7 communicates with the lumen 6 of the nozzle, the ejection nozzle 7 using high pressure water, allows a lower portion of the front body liquefied sediment, reducing the viscosity of the deposits, thereby reducing the forward resistance of the vehicle body. 上述喷管6可转动调节角度,进而调节喷嘴7的喷射角度。 Above the nozzle 6 is rotatably adjustable angle, thereby regulating the angle of the injection nozzle 7.

[0032] 本实施例中,履带支架2中间的连接梁9通过升降机构8装设于车体支架I上,通过调节升降机构8可以调节两条行走履带3同步升降,实现调节车体支架I与行走履带3上各齿板的距离,从而可适应不同剪切强度下的稀软底质,并且两条行走履带3同步升降可保证两条行走履带3始终位于同一高度,使两条行走履带3的驱动力相差不大,利于提升车辆直线行走性能。 [0032] In this embodiment, the intermediate track support beam 9 is connected by the lifting mechanism mounted on the vehicle body holder 8 I, by adjusting the lifting mechanism 8 can be adjusted two crawlers 3 synchronous lifting to achieve adjustment bracket body I and the distance between each tooth plate 3 crawlers, so as to be adapted to thin soft sediment at different shear strength, and two crawlers 3 ensures synchronous lifting two crawlers 3 is always at the same height, so that two crawlers 3 less the driving force, help enhance the straight running performance of the vehicle. 该升降机构8可采用现有技术,例如,伸缩油缸等。 The prior art raising and lowering mechanism 8 may be employed, e.g., a telescopic cylinder and the like.

[0033] 以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,本发明的保护范围并不仅局限于上述实施例。 [0033] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, the scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments. 对于本技术领域的技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明技术构思前提下所得到的改进和变换也应视为本发明的保护范围。 For the person skilled in the art, without departing from the technical concept of the present invention under the premise that the resulting modifications and changes should be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种海底采矿车行走底盘,包括车体支架(I )、履带支架(2)和安装于履带支架(2)两侧的两条行走履带(3),其特征在于:所述行走履带(3)上设有若干间隔布置的长齿板(4),相邻长齿板(4)之间设有若干间隔布置的短齿板(5),长齿板(4)的高度大于短齿板(5)的高度;各长齿板(4)垂直于行走履带(3)的接地面并与行走履带(3)行进方向呈锐角。 A two walking seabed mining vehicle chassis, the bracket including a vehicle body (the I), track support (2) and a bracket attached to the track (2) on both sides of crawlers (3), characterized in that: said crawlers It is provided with a plurality of long spaced tooth plate (4), is provided between the adjacent long tooth plates (4) (3) a plurality of spaced short teeth plate (5), the height of the long tooth plate (4) is greater than the short height of the teeth plate (5); each long tooth plate (4) perpendicular to the running track (3) with the ground plane and crawlers (3) the direction of travel at an acute angle.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述行走履带(3)由若干履带板(31)依次连接而成,各履带板(31)内表面的两侧均设有用于将海底沉积物导出的斜面(32 ),所述斜面(32 )在履带板(31)内表面朝上时向履带板(31)外侧倾斜向下布置。 1 according to the seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis claim wherein: the running track (3) by a plurality of track shoes (31) are connected together sequentially, on both sides in each track shoe (31) surface are provided for seabed sediment derived ramp (32), said ramp (32) is disposed upward to the surface of the track shoe (31) is inclined downwardly in the outward track plate (31).
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述履带板(31)内表面的两侧分别固接有一非金属导向块(33),各斜面(32)设于相应侧的非金属导向块(33)上。 2 according to the seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis claim wherein: said track plate (31) are both fixed to an inner surface of a non-metallic guide block (33), each ramp (32) provided in the non-metallic guide on a respective side piece (33).
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述履带板(31)内表面的两侧分别设有履带传动链(34),各非金属导向块(33)的内侧面与相应侧履带传动链(34)的内侧面紧贴。 Seabed mining vehicle according to claim 3, wherein said running chassis, characterized in that: both sides of the inner surface (31) of said plates are provided with caterpillar track chain (34), each of the non-metallic guide blocks (33) inner side surface of the inner side surface of a respective side of the crawler track chain (34) in close contact.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述履带板(31)包括间隔交错连接的若干长齿履带板(311)和若干短齿履带板(312),每个长齿履带板(311)上均设有一个长齿板(4)和两个短齿板(5),两个所述短齿板(5)分设于长齿板(4)的两侧;每个短齿履带板(312)上均设有两个以上均匀间隔布置的短齿板(5);各长齿板(4)的两侧与长齿履带板(311)之间均设有加强撑板(41),各短齿板(5)的截面呈三角形或梯形。 2 according to the seabed mining vehicle traveling chassis claim wherein: said track plate (31) comprises a plurality of long teeth staggered intervals track shoe connecting (311) a plurality of short teeth and a track shoe (312), each long teeth track plate (311) has a long toothed plate (4) and two short toothed plate (5), two short teeth of said plate (5) respectively disposed on both sides of the long tooth plate (4) ; short tooth each track shoe (312) are provided on two or more short teeth plate (5) are uniformly spaced; are located between the (311) of each long tooth plate (4) on both sides of the track shoe long tooth a reinforcing gusset (41), a short section of each toothed plate (5) is triangular or trapezoidal.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述长齿履带板(311)和短齿履带板(312)的接地面喷涂有非金属低阻材料。 According to claim 5, wherein the seabed mining vehicle chassis walking, wherein: said long teeth track shoe (311) and a track shoe short teeth (312) of a non-metallic low resistance ground spraying material.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1至6中任一项所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述履带支架(2)的底部设有多个与行走履带(3)接触的导向轮(21),多个导向轮(21)沿水平面直线排列布置。 The 1-6 seabed mining vehicle as claimed in any one of claims traveling chassis, wherein: a plurality of crawlers (3) in contact with the guide wheel (21 bottom of the track support (2) ), a plurality of guide wheels (21) arranged aligned along a horizontal plane.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1至6中任一项所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述履带支架(2)的内部为浮箱结构,浮箱结构的空隙中填充有浮力材料;所述浮箱结构为桁架支撑结构或蜂窝支撑结构。 According to claim seabed mining vehicle of any one of claims 1 to 6 walking chassis, wherein: said inner track support (2) is a buoyancy tank structure, the void structure of the pontoon filled with a buoyant material; the buoyancy tank structure is a honeycomb support structure or a truss structure.
  9. 9.根据权利要求1至6中任一项所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述车体支架(I)的底面为喷涂有非金属低阻材料的平板(11 ),所述平板(11)的前端装设有用于向车体支架(I)前下部喷水的喷水组件,所述喷水组件包括可转动调节角度的喷管(6)以及间隔装设于所述喷管(6)上的多个喷嘴(7),所述喷管(6)的内腔通过管道与水泵相连,各喷嘴(7)与喷管(6)的内腔连通。 According to claim 1 to 6 seabed mining vehicle traveling according to any one of the chassis, wherein: a bottom surface of the holder body (I) was sprayed with low resistance non-metallic material plates (11), the said plate (11) is mounted in the front end of the water spray assembly for a vehicle body bracket (I) a front lower portion, said spray nozzle assembly comprising a rotatable adjustable angle (6) is mounted on said spacer and a plurality of spout nozzles (7) (6), the spout (6) and the lumen of the pump through a conduit connected to each nozzle (7) and the nozzle (6) in communication with the lumen.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1至6中任一项所述的海底采矿车行走底盘,其特征在于:所述履带支架(2 )中间的连接梁(9 )通过升降机构(8 )装设于车体支架(I)上。 According to claim 1 to 6 seabed mining vehicle as claimed in any one traveling chassis, characterized in that: said track support (2) is connected to an intermediate beam (9) is mounted on the vehicle body by a lifting mechanism (8) bracket (I).
CN 201510238573 2015-05-12 2015-05-12 Seabed mining vehicle chassis walking CN104802867B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60244626A (en) * 1985-05-09 1985-12-04 Teijin Seiki Co Ltd Travelling device of crawler type vehicle
JP2002211455A (en) * 2001-01-19 2002-07-31 Ohtsu Tire & Rubber Co Ltd :The Elastic crawler
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