CN104799915B - An ultrasound needle - Google Patents

An ultrasound needle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104799915B
CN104799915B CN 201510237849 CN201510237849A CN104799915B CN 104799915 B CN104799915 B CN 104799915B CN 201510237849 CN201510237849 CN 201510237849 CN 201510237849 A CN201510237849 A CN 201510237849A CN 104799915 B CN104799915 B CN 104799915B
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Prior art keywords
needle
handle
pin
adjustment
groove
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CN 201510237849
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104799915A (en )
Inventor
李常青
马修·奥滕
杰里·谢弗
科里·甘纳森
乔恩·巴扎德
约翰·伯克
吉姆·豪斯
卡尔·范德比克
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南京微创医学科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供了一种超声针,包括针、外管以及手柄,所述针内置于外管内,所述针近端连接针芯接头,所述针芯接头向远端一侧设有依次相连的导管固定件、针调节管,针调节管外嵌套相互连接的近端锁紧件和出针调节手柄,出针调节手柄活动连接一出针调节锁,所述出针调节锁设有带有卡位槽的导向腔,所述导向腔嵌入出针调节手柄内,所述卡位槽包括轴向上的导向槽和导向槽远端径向上的锁止槽,所述出针调节手柄的远端内部设有与卡位槽适配的卡位销,所述导向腔与出针调节手柄之间设有压力弹簧。 The present invention provides an ultrasonic needle, comprising a needle, an outer tube and a handle, the needle is built into the outer tube, the proximal connector pin pin pin connector, the pin connector needle distally coupled sequentially provided on one side catheter securement member, adjusting the needle tube, an outer tube adjustable needle nest member interconnecting the proximal end of the locking pin and the adjustment handle, a needle connected to an active adjustment handle lock pin adjustment, the lock is provided with an adjustable needle a card guide groove cavity, the cavity insert a distal needle guide adjustment within the handle, the latching groove includes a locking groove on the radially distal end of the guide groove and the guide groove in the axial direction, the needle adjustment handle the inner end is provided with a latching pin of the latching groove adapted, and a needle guide chamber provided with a pressure adjusting spring between the handle.

Description

一种超声针 An ultrasound needle

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种医用器材,特别是一种能够进入人体内进行穿刺的超声针。 [0001] The present invention relates to medical devices, particularly to a human body can enter the ultrasonic puncture needle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在超声支气管镜/超声内镜的引导下,穿刺抽吸后获得组织或细胞学样本,是临床上常称的EBUS/EUS检查。 [0002] Under ultrasound guidance bronchoscopic / EUS, obtained after aspiration cytology sample or tissue, it is known clinically often EBUS / EUS examination. EBUS能通过超声定位支气管外病变的具体位置(常规支气管镜只能看到位于气管、支气管内的病变),并在彩色多普勒的引导下避开血管,通过针吸和活检获得相应部位的细胞和组织,从而达到确诊疾病的目的。 EBUS bronchial lesion by external ultrasound locating specific location (conventional bronchoscope can only see the trachea, the bronchi within the lesion), and avoid blood vessels under the guidance of color Doppler, obtained by needle aspiration biopsy and the corresponding parts of cells and tissues, so as to achieve the purpose of diagnosis of the disease. EUS检查对胰腺癌的原发肿瘤和局部结节分期的准确性较高。 Check EUS higher primary tumor and the regional nodes of pancreatic cancer staging accuracy.

[0003] EBUS/EUS检查的关键在于顺利取得所需的组织或细胞学样本,用于取样的活检针尤为重要。 [0003] EBUS key / EUS examination is to successfully achieve the desired tissue or cytology samples for sampling biopsy needle particularly important. 现有的EBUS针/EUS针使用时,预定的进针深度通过安全锁确定后,手动推动手柄出针,出针时均是握住手柄向远端推动,一般需两人配合,增加了医生的操作要求,给临床手术实施带来诸多不便。 When conventional needle EBUS / EUS needles used, a predetermined depth of the needle is determined by the safety lock, to manually push the handle out of the needle when the needle are holding the handle pushed distally with Usually two, increase the doctor operating requirements, given the clinical surgical embodiment inconvenience.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 发明目的:本发明所要解决的技术问题是针对现有技术的不足,提供一种超声针。 [0004] Object of the invention: The present invention solves the technical problem of the deficiency of the prior art, an ultrasonic needle.

[0005] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种超声针,包括针、外管以及手柄,所述针内置于外管内,所述针近端连接针芯接头,所述针芯接头向远端一侧设有依次相连的导管固定件、针调节管,针调节管外嵌套相互连接的近端锁紧件和出针调节手柄,出针调节手柄活动连接一出针调节锁,所述出针调节锁设有带有卡位槽的导向腔,所述导向腔嵌入出针调节手柄内,所述卡位槽包括轴向上的导向槽和导向槽远端径向上的锁止槽,所述出针调节手柄的远端内部设有与卡位槽适配的卡位销,所述导向腔与出针调节手柄之间设有压力弹黃; [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides an ultrasonic needle, comprising a needle, an outer tube and a handle, the needle is built into the outer tube, the proximal connector pin pin pin connector, the connector pin to the core the distal end side are sequentially connected with a catheter holder, adjusting the needle tube, an outer tube adjustable needle nest member interconnecting the proximal end of the locking pin and the adjustment handle, a needle connected to an active adjustment handle lock pin adjustment, the adjusting said needle guide is provided with a lock chamber with a card slot, insert the needle guide cavity within the handle adjustment, the latching groove includes a locking groove on the radially distal end of the guide groove and the guide groove in the axial direction , the distal end of the inner needle is provided with an adjustment handle detent latching pin groove adapted, with the needle guide chamber provided with a pressure adjusting spring between the handle;

[0006] 当卡位销位于锁止槽内,出针调节手柄和出针调节锁固定连接为整体;当卡位销位于导向槽内,出针调节手柄在外力作用下推动出针,外力释放后,出针调节手柄在压力弹簧作用下自动向近端退针。 [0006] When the locking pin is in the latching groove, the needle and the needle regulator adjustment handle lock is fixed is integrally connected; when the latching member is located in the guide groove, pushing the needle out of the needle adjustment handle external force, the external force is released after the adjustment handle automatically the needle back needle proximally under spring pressure.

[0007] 本发明中,所述导向腔上对称设有两个导向槽,导向槽底端分别设有一个锁止槽, 导向槽用于卡位销滑动,锁止槽用于锁住卡位销。 [0007] In the present invention, the symmetrical guide chamber provided with two guide grooves, the guide grooves are provided with a bottom lock groove, the guide pin sliding groove for latching, locking groove for locking detent pin.

[0008] 本发明中,所述针调节管上设有刻度,用于显示和控制出针深度。 [0008] In the present invention, the needle is provided with a scale on the adjusting tube, for displaying and controlling the depth of the needle.

[0009] 本发明中,所述针芯接头通过螺纹连接在导管固定件上。 [0009] In the present invention, the needle-pin connector is threaded onto the fixing member by the conduit.

[0010] 本发明中,所述导管固定件通过螺纹连接针调节管。 [0010] In the present invention, the catheter tube fixing member adjusted by screwing the needle.

[0011] 本发明中,所述出针调节锁和手柄通过螺纹连接。 [0011] In the present invention, the needle and the handle lock adjustment by screwing.

[0012] 有益效果:1、本发明通过弹簧及其锁紧装置可为医生提供两种出针方式,分别为弹簧出针和手动出针模式,医生可根据自身的情况和不同的治疗环境选择最适合的出针方式,从而可以为患者提供最佳的治疗方案,产品更具推广性。 [0012] Advantageous effects: 1, the present invention may be provided by a spring, and locking means for the two kinds of the needle the doctor mode, respectively, and the needle spring needle manual mode, the physician according to their own situation and the choice of different therapeutic environment the most suitable way out of the needle, which can provide the best treatment options for patients, more promotional products.

[0013] 2、本发明在弹簧出针模式下,利用弹簧的恢复力可轻松的实现出针的单人控制, 不仅可以减少医护人员的负担,还降低了由双人配合所带来的操作复杂度,也避免了配合风险,使得操作简便,为取样的准确性提供了可靠的保证。 [0013] 2, the present invention is under spring needle mode, using the restoring force of the spring can easily realize a single control pin can not only reduce the burden on medical staff, but also reduced by fitting double brought complex operation degree, but also to avoid the risk with such easy to operate, provide a reliable guarantee for the accuracy of sampling.

[00 M] 3、本发明的外管可配置不同尺寸的针,节省原材料的投入。 [00 M] 3, the outer tube of the present invention may be configured needles of different sizes, to save raw material inputs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015]下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明做更进一步的具体说明,本发明的上述或其他方面的优点将会变得更加清楚。 [0015] The present invention will be further detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments, the above advantages or other aspects of the present invention will become more apparent.

[0016] 图1是本发明的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention;

[0017] 图2是出针调节锁的结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic view illustrating a lock pin adjustment;

[0018]图3是出针调节手柄的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 3 is a schematic view illustrating an adjustment handle of the needle;

[0019]图4是弹簧未压缩时出针调节手柄和出针调节锁的状态图; [0019] FIG. 4 is a needle and the needle adjustment handle lock state in FIG adjusting the spring uncompressed;

[0020]图5是弹簧压缩时出针调节手柄和出针调节锁的状态图。 [0020] FIG. 5 is a pin and the adjustment handle lock pin adjusting the spring compressed state in FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0021]下面将结合附图对本发明作详细说明。 [0021] The following with reference to the present invention will be described in detail.

[0022]如图1,本发明包括针芯接头1、导管固定件2、针调节管3、近端锁紧件4、出针调节手柄5、出针调节锁6、手柄7、远端锁紧件8、外管调节管9、针10和外管11,其中针10连接到针芯接头1上,针芯接头1向针10的远端依次设有导管固定件2、针调节管3、近端锁紧件4、出针调节手柄5、出针调节锁6、手柄7、远端锁紧件8和外管调节管9,其中针芯接头1和导管固定件2通过螺纹连接,导管固定件2和针调节管3通过螺纹连接,针芯接头1、近端锁紧件4、出针调节锁6及远端锁紧件8外侧均设有垂直于旋转方向的凸楞,便于旋转。 [0022] As shown in FIG 1, the present invention comprises a core pin connector 1, catheter fixing member 2, the needle tube 3 is adjusted, the proximal end of the locking member 4, the needle 5 the adjustment handle, a lock adjustment pin 6, the handle 7, the distal end of the lock fastener 8, 9 conditioning duct outer tube, the outer tube 10 and the needle 11, the needle 10 is connected to the pin connector pin 1, pin 1-pin connector to the distal end of the catheter needle 10 is sequentially provided with a fixed member 2, the needle tube 3 is adjusted , the proximal end of the locking member 4, the needle 5 the adjustment handle, a lock adjustment pin 6, the handle 7, the distal end of the locking member 8 and the outer tube conditioning duct 9, wherein the needle core 1 and the catheter connector fixing member 2 by a threaded connection, catheter securement member 2 and the needle tube 3 is adjusted by a threaded connection, a pin-pin connector, the proximal end of the locking member 4, the locking pin 6 and the distal end of the adjusting member 8 outside the locking projections are provided perpendicular to the flute direction of rotation, to facilitate rotation.

[0023] 如图2,出针调节锁6包括导向腔12,导向腔12上设有卡位槽13,卡位槽13对称设置在导向腔两侧,卡位槽13为L型槽,包括轴向的导向槽14和径向的锁止槽15,锁止槽15在导向槽14的远端。 [0023] As shown in FIG 2, the lock pin 6 comprises a guide regulating chamber 12, 13 is provided, latching grooves 13 symmetrically disposed in the latching groove on both sides of the guide cavity, the latching groove 13 is L-shaped guide groove chamber 12, comprising 15, the distal end of the lock groove 15 in the guide groove 14 of the guide groove 14 of the axial and radial locking groove.

[0024] 如图3,出针调节手柄5内设有与出针调节锁6上卡位槽13适配的卡位销16,卡位销16可沿导向槽14滑动,卡位销16可卡在锁止槽15上。 [0024] FIG. 3, the adjustment handle the needle and the needle 5 are equipped with position adjusting pin latch 16 13 6 adapted latching groove, the latching pin 16 can slide along the guide groove 14, the latching pin 16 may be stuck in the lock groove 15.

[0025] 如图4,出针调节手柄5内弹簧17未压缩,为弹簧出针方式,卡位销16位于导向槽14 内,出针调节手柄5在外力作用下推动出针,外力释放后,出针调节手柄5在压力弹簧17作用下自动向近端退针。 After [0025] FIG. 4, the needle 5 within the handle adjusting spring 17 is not compressed, the needle is a spring embodiment, latching member 16 is located within the guide groove 14, the needle of the needle adjustment handle 5 pushed by external force, the external force is released , the needle 5 is automatically adjusted back needle handle at a proximal end 17 to the compression spring.

[0026] 如图5,出针调节手柄5内弹簧17压缩,为手动出针方式,卡位销16位于锁止槽15 内,出针调节手柄5和出针调节锁6固定连接为整体。 [0026] FIG. 5, the adjusting pin spring 17 compressed within the handle 5, the needle is manually embodiment, the latching pin 16 positioned within locking slot 15, the needle 5 and an adjustment handle lock adjustment pin 6 is fixed integrally connected.

[0027] 本发明在使用时,手术前,医生可先根据自身的情况和不同的治疗环境选择最适合的出针方式。 [0027] When using the present invention, prior to surgery, the physician can first according to their different environments and circumstances the treatment of choice for most of the way out of the needle. 选择弹簧出针模式时,确保卡位销16位于导向槽14内,则弹簧处于自由状态,可按压出针调节手柄5,出针调节手柄的卡位销16在出针调节锁6的导向槽中滑动,实现弹簧出针。 When the select spring needle mode to ensure that the latching pin 16 of the guide groove 14, the spring is in a free state, may press the needle adjustment handle 5, needle adjusted latching pin 16 of the handle adjustment lock guide groove in the needle 6 slides, springs to achieve the needle. 选择手动出针时,则将出针调节锁6向近端移动并旋转,使卡位销16位于锁止槽15内,则可将出针调节锁6和出针调节手柄5紧固连接为一体并锁紧弹簧从而实现手动控制出针。 When manually selecting the needle, the needle moves proximally adjustment lock 6 and then the rotation, so that the latching pin 16 positioned within locking slot 15 can be adjusted to lock the needle and the needle 6 is fastened is connected to the adjustment handle 5 thereby locking spring integrally to manually control the needle.

[0028]选定出针方式以后,准备负压注射器(图中未示出),注射器推到底后,使注射器处于无气状态。 [0028] After the needle selected mode, the negative pressure to prepare a syringe (not shown), in the end the syringe plunger, in the syringe airless state. 将三通阀(图中未示出)旋至OFF位置,回拉注射器活塞,直至预订位置。 The three-way valve (not shown) screwed to the OFF position, pull back on the syringe plunger until the reservation position.

[0029] 将近端锁紧件4和出针调节手柄5移动到本发明的近端锁紧,将针完全收回外管11 中。 [0029] The proximal end of the locking member 4 and the needle 5 is moved to the proximal end of the adjustment handle locking invention, the needle is fully retracted in the outer tube 11.

[0030] 保持位置,将本发明插入内镜活检孔道,通过旋转外管调节管9将手柄组件与内镜固定。 [0030] The holding position, the present invention is inserted into the endoscopic biopsy channel, through the outer tube rotation adjustment tube 9 fixed to the handle assembly and endoscopic.

[0031] 松开远端锁紧件8,滑动手柄7使外管11远端到达理想位置并锁紧远端锁紧件8,这一步是调节外管伸出内镜的长度,保证针伸出时在有效的超声范围内。 [0031] The distal end of the lock release member 8, the slide arm 7 reaches the distal end of the outer tube 11 and locked position over the distal end of the locking member 8, this step is to adjust the length of the outer tube extending endoscopy to ensure that the needle extends in the effective range of the ultrasound.

[0032] 旋松近端锁紧件4,将近端锁紧件4和出针调节手柄5向远端推动,直至预订的出针尺寸为止,锁紧。 [0032] unscrewing the proximal end of the locking member 4, the locking member 4 and the proximal end of the needle adjustment handle 5 pushed distally until the needle size reservation locking. 此时近端锁紧件4最近端显示的数字即为出针的总深度。 In this case the total depth of the proximal most end of the locking member shown in figures 4 it is out of the needle.

[0033] 推动出针调节手柄5将针插入病灶,此时出针调节锁6可到达手柄7近端。 [0033] the adjustment handle 5 pushed the needle inserting a needle into the lesion, then the needle 6 may reach adjustment lock 7 proximal handle. 取出针芯,接上准备好的负压注射器,打开三通阀开关,开启负压,准备收集标本。 Remove the needle core, connect the syringe ready negative, switch three-way valve is opened, negative pressure is opened, preparing to collect specimens. 为便于收集样本,可在活检位置多次小幅度出针。 To collect samples for multiple small amplitude biopsy needle position. 处于弹簧出针模式时,单手握住手柄7,按压出针调节手柄5 (弹簧出针方式)可通过弹簧的回复力实现自动出针回针。 When the needle is in the spring model, with one hand holding the handle 7, pressing the needle adjustment handle 5 (the needle spring mode) can automatically return to the needle of the needle by the restoring force of the spring. 处于手动出针模式时,通过手动推动/回拉出针调节手柄5可实现出针/回针。 When the needle is in manual mode, by manual push / pull out the needle back to the handle 5 may be adjusted to achieve the needle / needle back.

[0034] 本实施例中,作为另一个优选方案之一,也可以将出针调节锁和手柄通过螺纹连接,当出针方式为弹簧出针时,出针调节锁与手柄通过螺纹旋紧进行限位,使之不影响注射器推拉、不影响近端锁紧件和出针调节手柄的推动,当出针方式为手动出针时,旋开出针调节锁和手柄之间的螺纹,通过卡位销和卡位槽组合使出针调节手柄5和出针调节锁6固定连接为整体。 [0034] In this embodiment, as one of another preferred embodiment, the needle may be adjusted by screwing the lock and the handle, the needle when the needle is a spring embodiment, the needle lock the handle for adjustment by a screw screwed limit, so that sliding does not affect the syringe, the proximal end of the locking member does not affect the adjustment of the needle and pushes the handle of the needle when the needle is manual mode, unscrew the threaded connection between the adjustment pin and the handle lock, via the card bit latching pin and slot combination resorted to pin 5 and the adjustment handle lock pin 6 is fixed adjustment integrally connected.

[0035]本发明提供了一种超声针,具体实现该技术方案的方法和途径很多,以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 [0035] The present invention provides an ultrasonic needle, many methods and approaches embodied this solution, the above description is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that for those of ordinary skill in the art, in without departing from the principles of the invention premise, you can make various improvements and modifications, and these improvements and modifications should be the scope of the invention. 本实施例中未明确的各组成部分均可用现有技术加以实现。 The various components are not explicitly described in this embodiment can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (6)

  1. 1 •一种超声针,包括针(10)、外管(11)以及手柄(7),所述针(10)内置于外管(11)内,其特征在于,所述针(10)近端连接针芯接头(1),所述针芯接头(1)向远端一侧设有依次相连的导管固定件(2)、针调节管(3),针调节管⑶外嵌套相互连接的近端锁紧件⑷和出针调节手柄(5),出针调节手柄⑶活动连接一出针调节锁(6),所述出针调节锁( 6)设有带有卡位槽(13)的导向腔(12),所述导向腔(12)嵌入出针调节手柄⑶内,所述卡位槽(13)包括轴向上的导向槽(14)和导向槽远端径向上的锁止槽(15),所述出针调节手柄(5)的远端内部设有与卡位槽适配的卡位销(16),所述导向腔(12)与出针调节手柄(5)之间设有压力弹簧(17);当卡位销(16)位于锁止槽(15)内,出针调节手柄⑶和出针调节锁(6)固定连接为整体;当卡位销(16)位于导向槽(14)内,出针调节手柄⑶在外力作用下推动 1 • An ultrasonic needle, comprising a needle (10), an outer tube (11) and a handle (7), the needle (10) is built into the outer tube (11), characterized in that said needle (10) near end of the pin connector pin connector (1), said needle-pin connector (1) is provided with a fixed conduit member (2), adjusting the needle tube (3) is connected to the distal end side of the turn, adjust the outer needle tube nested interconnected ⑶ the proximal end of the locking member ⑷ adjustment handle and the needle (5), an adjusting pin connected to a handle ⑶ active adjustment lock pin (6), the adjustment lock the needle (6) is provided with a detent groove (13 ) of the guide chamber (12), said guide chamber (12) is embedded within the handle adjusting needle ⑶, said latching groove (13) comprises a guide groove (14) in the axial and radial locks on the distal end of the guide groove locking groove (15), the distal end of the inner needle adjustment handle (5) is provided with a latching groove of the latching pin adapter (16), said guide chamber (12) and the needle adjustment handle (5) is provided between the compression spring (17); when the detent pin (16) located in the locking groove (15), the needle and needle ⑶ adjustment handle adjustment lock (6) is fixedly connected integrally; when the latching pin (16 ) of the guide groove (14), an adjustable handle ⑶ needle pushed in by an external force 针,外力释放后,出针调节手柄⑶在压力弹簧(17)作用下自动向近端退针。 After the needle, the external force is released, the needle ⑶ automatic adjustment handle proximally back needle in (17) the compression spring.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种超声针,其特征在于,所述导向腔(I2)上对称设有两个导向槽(14),导向槽(14)底端分别设有一个锁止槽(15)。 2. An ultrasonic needle according to claim 1, characterized in that two symmetrically arranged guide grooves (14) on said guide chamber (I2), the guide grooves (14) are provided with a locking bottom grooves (15).
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种超声针,其特征在于,所述针调节管⑶上设有刻度。 An ultrasound according to claim 1 of the needle, wherein the needle is provided with a scale conditioning duct ⑶.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种超声针,其特征在于,所述针芯接头(1)通过螺纹连接在导管固定件⑵上。 An ultrasound according to claim 1 of the needle, wherein said needle-pin connector (1) connected to the catheter by a screw fixing member ⑵. , ,
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种超声针,其特征在于,所述导管固定件(2)通过螺纹连接针调节管⑶。 5. An ultrasonic needle according to claim 1, wherein said catheter fixing member (2) tube ⑶ adjusted by screwing the needle.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种超声针,其特征在于,所述出针调节锁(6)和手柄(7)通过螺纹连接。 6. An ultrasonic needle according to claim 1, wherein said adjustment lock the needle (6) and a handle (7) by a threaded connection.
CN 201510237849 2015-05-11 2015-05-11 An ultrasound needle CN104799915B (en)

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