CN104799398B - Double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine - Google Patents

Double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104799398B
CN104799398B CN201510223309.1A CN201510223309A CN104799398B CN 104799398 B CN104799398 B CN 104799398B CN 201510223309 A CN201510223309 A CN 201510223309A CN 104799398 B CN104799398 B CN 104799398B
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China
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broken shell
case
separator
nowel
fan blade
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CN104799398A (en
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王涛
徐顺
何焯亮
张喜瑞
李粤
刘世豪
梁栋
廖宇兰
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Hainan University
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Hainan University
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Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, relate to a kind of double roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machine.Hulling machine is by receiving hopper, hulling machine, segregation apparatus, body contact case and connects core case and forms, and is from up to down sequentially fixed in frame.In the broken shell parts of hulling machine, broken shell roller parallel to each other and help roll are horizontally placed in broken shell case, all constitute with broken shell case and are rotationally connected, and the roll body surface of broken shell roller is radially for the most affixed 3 rows tooth post vertically that is spacedly distributed.In the separation of hull from kernel parts of segregation apparatus, constitute in fan blade is horizontally placed at separator box and with separator box and be rotationally connected.During work, what rubber fruit was rotated counterclockwise in broken shell case drives the extruding and shearing produced between tooth post and the help roll on broken shell roller, hull cracking, and the rubber fruit after broken shell enters segregation apparatus;In the separation of hull from kernel parts of segregation apparatus, kernel and shell are considered to be worth doing and are separated by the high velocity air that the fan blade of rotation produces.The present invention is applicable to rubber forest farm and processes rubber fruit.

Description

Double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly to a kind of double roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machines.
Background technology
China begins one's study from the eighties in 20th century hulling machine.1989, Xu Zhenxiang, Wang Hantao et al. set Having counted a kind of nut cracker, this machine by with special hydraulic pressure bag, being pressed in nut shell uniformly by pressure On, the multiple nut that varies in size can be carried out broken shell.Employing hydraulic control, rupturing of shell uniform force, The integrity degree of core can be ensured.1994, fiber crops carried out friendly, Kang Keji et al. and devise nut fruit crushing sorting stream automatically Waterline, the automaticity of this machine is higher, by feed arrangement, screening plant, broken apart device, chooses Choosing and packing device combine, and crush nut shell and the separation accuracy of shell core is higher, its broken shell Part be by by shell by between two compression rollers, by rolling extrusion, its shell is crushed, leads to afterwards Cross the further parts such as winnower, by separation of hull from kernel.2005, Liu Qingsheng, Yuan Qiaoxia etc. devised a kind of hard Really hulling machine, owing to, during broken shell, shell core tends to be sticked together, this design is rolled by use Roller and adjustable squeeze roll, make hull cracking be difficult to adhesion, have employed vibration sieve device and carries out kernel Separate, improve kernel and the separation rate of broken shell, and because roll distance can be regulated by matching thread, make Obtain nip width accurately to control, the loss of kernel can be reduced.2009, Yuan Qiuping, straight gift etc. devised A kind of hulling machine, time in Semen Caryae Cathayensis entrance broken shell cylinder, is clashed into Semen Juglandis by the shock rod of high speed rotating, in bounce-back After the repeatedly mutual shock of post, different directions is clashed into, and uniformly ftractures, and improves, with this, the mesh that granule is complete 's.2010, Li Guang, Yu carefully dragon etc. devised a kind of hulling machine, driving shaft and driven shaft control beaming roller And material separating disc, it is achieved the transmission that material can be orderly, and broken segment is by the cylinder drive roll varied in size and circle Cone driven voller constitute, two rollers the up big and down small roll-in chamber formed, can by different size of walnut shell-breaking, And do not destroy sarcocarp, due to speed scalable, industrialized production is had certain help, example above finds out, Rejuvenator is constantly revised in the mode of compression roller, and by shell-breaking rate, separation of hull from kernel rate improves to some extent, the most right Filtering system is more perfect.
After probing into nut unshelling mechanism both domestic and external, general nut cracker Multi-purpose mechanical mode shells.State Interior common mechanical dejacketing method has impingement method, squeezing and pressing method, shearing method, stone roller foulage.
(1) husking by impact method: the method be seed due to high-speed motion time be obstructed, by bigger rushing Hit power, thus housing ruptures because clashing into.Owing to the toughness of Renhe shell is different, and there is different movement velocitys.
(2) extruding shell forme: by the squeezing action of roll, when making seed pass through roll seam, be squeezed And crush.Seed to be crushed, and is necessary for held, so the gap between roll is the weight affecting husking yield Want factor.
(3) shell forme is sheared: by the shearing force of sharp keen cutter, cut by shell and split, it is achieved the separation of shell core.
(4) stranding shell forme is ground: utilize the stone roller stranding effect between the abrasive disc of relative motion, make shell break because of tear Shell.
Use and shear shell forme, by the cooperation between tooth post and the help roll on broken shell roller, it is achieved to rubber The device of the shelling of fruit is a kind of rubber fruit hulling machine meeting rubber fruit shelling requirement.
Summary of the invention
The invention aims to solve to use described in technical background to shear shell forme, by broken shell roller Tooth post and help roll between cooperation, it is achieved the device problem of shelling to rubber fruit, it is provided that a kind of double rollings Pressure type rubber fruit hulling machine, its technical scheme is as follows:
Double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine by receiving hopper 2, hulling machine, segregation apparatus, body contact case 6 and connects Core case 7 forms, and receiving hopper, hulling machine, segregation apparatus are from up to down sequentially fixed in frame;Described Frame top layer stull that frame 1 is fixed on 4 vertical framework pillars by level, the stull of frame upper strata and Frame middle level stull and be fixed in the gantry base composition before 2 framework pillars in front side, receiving hopper 2 is solid Being scheduled in frame top layer stull, broken shell case 3 level of hulling machine is fixed in the stull of frame upper strata, separates Separator box 5 level of device is fixed in the stull of frame middle level, in the discharging opening of receiving hopper 2 and hulling machine The broken shell case import 303 of broken shell case 3 connect, the broken shell case outlet 304 of broken shell case 3 with in segregation apparatus Point bits pipe 4 point bits a pipe import 402 connect, point bits pipe 4 lower port separate with segregation apparatus The separator box import 503 of case 5 connects, and connects core case 7 and is placed on ground under separator box outlet 504;Connect Housing box 6 point bits pipe 4 point bits a pipe shell export 405 back lower places be placed in be fixed in rear side 2 framework pillars On support afterwards;
Described hulling machine by broken shell case 3, broken shell roller 8, help roll 9, broken shell belt wheel 10, motor I 11, Electrical machine belt pulley I 12 and belt I 13 composition, broken shell case 3 level is fixed in the frame upper strata stull of frame 1, Broken shell case 3 is made up of broken shell case top box 301 and broken shell case nowel 302, broken shell case top box 301 and broken shell case It is parallel to each other that the relative flange of nowel about 302 and bolt connect into broken shell case 3, broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9, And being horizontally placed in broken shell case 3, broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 are all by respective end axle and in broken shell The bearing in axis hole on the sidewall of case left and right is rotationally connected with broken shell case 3 composition, and broken shell roller strap wheel 10 is fixed in In the left end shaft of broken shell roller 8;Broken shell case import 303 is arranged on the top of broken shell case top box 301, broken shell case Import 303 is connected with the discharging opening of receiving hopper 2, and broken shell case outlet 304 is arranged on broken shell case nowel 302 Bottom;
In described broken shell roller 8, the face of cylinder of broken shell roll body 801 has 3 toothrow posts 802, tooth post vertically 802 are vertically fixed on broken shell roll body 801,3 toothrow posts 802 radially for being spacedly distributed, every toothrow post In, tooth post 802 be spaced apart 5~10mm, the height of tooth post 802 is 10~20mm;
In broken shell case 3, when broken shell roller 8 rotates, the end face of the tooth post 802 on broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 The minimum spacing on surface be 5~10mm;
Broken shell roller strap wheel 10 is fixed in the left end shaft of broken shell roller 8, and motor I 11 is fixed in gantry base, Electrical machine belt pulley I 12 is fixed on the axle of motor I 11, broken shell roller strap wheel 10, electrical machine belt pulley I 12 and belt I 13 constitute belt gear;Motor I 11 drives broken shell roller 8 to rotate counterclockwise, by broken shell case import The 303 rubber fruits 19 entering broken shell case 3 fall at broken shell roll body 801 surface of broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 table On gap between face, rubber fruit 19 produces between the tooth post 802 rotated with broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 Extruding and shear action lower casing rupture, the kernel of rubber after broken shell fruit and shell compound are through broken shell Gap between roll body 801 surface and help roll 9 surface, from broken shell case outlet 304 entrance segregation apparatus, Complete rubber fruit broken shell operation;
Described segregation apparatus by point bits a pipe 4, separator box 5, fan blade 14, fan blade belt wheel 15, motor II 16, Electrical machine belt pulley II 17 and belt II 18 composition, separator box 5 level is fixed in the stull of frame middle level;
Described point of bits pipe 4 is asymmetric Y-shaped structure, and pipe internal partition 401 is vertically fixed in lower pipeline Lower pipeline is separated into before and after's two parts pipeline, is respectively anterior pipeline and rear portion pipeline, and will point bits The lower port of pipe 4 separates composition bits pipe outlet 403 and point bits pipe shell import 404, anterior pipeline and point bits The long pipeline connection forward of the top of pipe 4 is shell core mixed feeding passage, and rear portion pipeline is upper with point bits pipe 4 Portion's short duct connection backward is shell passing away, and the upper port of shell core mixed feeding passage is entered for a point bits pipe Mouthfuls 402, the upper end closed of short duct, shell passing away at back side panel upper opening, its opening be backward under Point bits pipe shell outlet 405 of side, in point bits pipe 4 bottom, the lower port of shell core mixed feeding passage is point bits Pipe outlet 404, point bits pipe import 402 and broken shell case outlet 304 connection;
Described separator box 5 is formed with separation nowel 502 by separating top box 501, separates the top of top box 501 Having separator box import 503, under separator box import 503, in separation, separator for container 506 is vertically fixed in separation On the left side plate of top box 501, in separation, the lower edge of separator for container 506 exists with the flange separating top box 501 In same plane, in separation, the space separated in top box 501 is separated into separation top box fan blade by separator for container 506 Room 508 and separation top box kernel passage 510, in separation in case fan blade room 508, separator box separation net 505 Arranging obliquely, its upper edge is affixed with the top board separating top box 501, lower edge with separate upper separator for container 506 Upper edge affixed, the right and left is along affixed with the left side plate separating top box 501 respectively;
In separating nowel 502, separate lower separator for container 507 and be vertically fixed in the left and right sides separating nowel 502 On plate, separate the upper edge of lower separator for container 507 with the flange separating nowel 502 in the same plane, and When case 501 and separation nowel 502 are assembled into separator box 5 in separation, separator for container 506 and separation in separation Lower separator for container 507, in same perpendicular, separates the sky that lower separator for container 507 will separate in nowel 502 Between be separated into separation nowel fan blade room 509 and separate nowel kernel passage 511, separate nowel fan blade room 509 Bottom lock, the lower port separating nowel kernel passage 511 is separator box outlet 504, is separating nowel 502 Antetheca on have fresh air inlet 512;
Separate top box 501 and separate the relative flange of nowel about 502 and bolt connection composition separator box 5, point Form separator box fan blade room from top box fan blade room 508 and separation nowel fan blade room 509, separate top box kernel and lead to Road 510 and separation nowel kernel passage 511 form separator box kernel passage;
The structure of described fan blade 14 is the most affixed 3~5 axial blades on axis body;Dividing Under case separation net 505, the separator box fan blade that fan blade 14 is horizontally placed at separator box 5 is indoor, fan blade 14 It is rotationally connected with separator box 5 composition by the bearing in end axle and the axis hole on the sidewall of separator box left and right; Fan blade belt wheel 15 is fixed on the end axle of fan blade 14, separator box import 503 and a point lower port for bits pipe 4 Connect;Motor II 16 is fixed in gantry base, and electrical machine belt pulley II 17 is fixed on the axle of motor II 16, wind Leaf belt wheel 15, electrical machine belt pulley II 17 and belt II 18 constitute belt gear;
Motor II 16 drives fan blade 14 to rotate clockwise, and discharges high velocity air from separator box separation net 505, from The compound of point bits pipe kernels that fall of outlet 403 and shell bits under the effect of high velocity air, shell bits to On be moved into shell passing away, fall body contact case 6 through point bits pipe shell outlet 405 discharge, kernel falls into Separator box kernel passage, falls from separator box outlet 504 discharge and connects core case 7, complete the separation of hull from kernel of rubber fruit Operation.
The invention have the benefit that employing double roller shearing rubber fruit shelling principle can improve rubber peel Crushing effect, improve rubber fruit rubber shell core separation efficiency, it is adaptable to rubber forest farm process rubber fruit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is double roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machine overall structure schematic diagrams;
Fig. 2 is the broken shell modular construction schematic diagram of hulling machine;
Fig. 3 is a point bits tubular construction schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the separation of hull from kernel modular construction schematic diagram of segregation apparatus;
Fig. 6 is broken shell case top box structural representation;
Fig. 7 is broken shell case nowel structural representation;
Fig. 8 is broken shell roll structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is rubber fruit broken shell process schematic;
Figure 10 is separator box top box structural representation;
Figure 11 is separator box nowel structural representation;
Figure 12 is blade structure schematic diagram.
In figure, 1--frame, 2--receiving hopper, 3--broken shell case, 4--divides bits to manage, 5--separator box, 6--body contact case, 7--connects core case, 8--broken shell roller, 9--help roll, 10--broken shell roller strap wheel, 11--motor I, 12--electrical machine belt pulley I, 13--belt I, 14--fan blade, 15--fan blade belt wheel, 16--motor II, 17--electrical machine belt pulley II, 18-- Belt II, 19--rubber fruit, 301--broken shell case top box, 302--broken shell case nowel, 303--broken shell tank inlet, 304--broken shell case exports, 401--pipe internal partition, and 402--divides bits pipe import, and 403--divides bits pipe outlet, 404-- Dividing bits pipe shell import, 405--divides bits pipe shell outlet, and 501--separates top box, and 502--separates nowel, 503-- Separator box import, 504--separator box exports, 505--separator box separation net, separator for container in 506--separation, 507-- Separating lower separator for container, 508--separates top box fan blade room, and 509--separates nowel fan blade room, and 510--separates top box fruit Core passage, 511--separates nowel kernel passage, 512--fresh air inlet, 801--broken shell roll body, 802--tooth post.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment to the concrete structure of the present invention and work process further description.
Fig. 1 is double roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machine overall structure schematic diagrams, the fruit shelling of double rollers shearing rubber Machine is by receiving hopper 2, hulling machine, segregation apparatus, body contact case 6 and connects core case 7 and forms, receiving hopper 2, broken Housing apparatus, segregation apparatus are from up to down sequentially fixed in frame.Frame 1 is fixed in 4 vertically by level Framework pillar on frame top layer stull, the stull of frame upper strata and the stull of frame middle level and be fixed in front side 2 Gantry base composition before individual framework pillar.Receiving hopper 2 is fixed in frame top layer stull, hulling machine Broken shell case 3 level be fixed in the stull of frame upper strata, separator box 5 level of segregation apparatus is fixed in frame In the stull of middle level.The discharging opening of receiving hopper 2 connects with the broken shell case import 303 of the broken shell case 3 in hulling machine Connecing, the broken shell case outlet 304 of broken shell case 3 divides bits pipe import 402 even with point bits pipe 4 in segregation apparatus Connecing, the lower port of point bits pipe 4 is connected with the separator box import 503 of the separator box 5 in segregation apparatus, connects Core case 7 is placed on ground under separator box outlet 504, and body contact case 6 is at point bits pipe shell of point bits pipe 4 Export 405 back lower places to be placed on the support being fixed in after 2 framework pillars of rear side.
Hulling machine is by broken shell case 3, broken shell roller 8, help roll 9, broken shell belt wheel 10, motor I 11, motor Belt wheel I 12 and belt I 13 composition, broken shell case 3 level is fixed in the frame upper strata stull of frame 1.
The broken shell modular construction of hulling machine is as in figure 2 it is shown, broken shell case 3 is by broken shell case top box 301 and broken shell Case nowel 302 forms, and broken shell case top box 301 connects with the relative flange of broken shell case nowel about 302 and bolt Connecing composition broken shell case 3, broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 are parallel to each other, and are horizontally placed in broken shell case 3, broken Shell roller 8 and help roll 9 are all by the bearing in respective end axle and the axis hole on the sidewall of broken shell case left and right Constitute with broken shell case 3 and be rotationally connected.Box structure and the broken shell case shown in Fig. 7 on broken shell case as shown in Figure 6 Lower box structure, broken shell case import 303 is arranged on the top of broken shell case top box 301, broken shell case import 303 with The discharging opening of receiving hopper 2 connects, and broken shell case outlet 304 is arranged on the bottom of broken shell case nowel 302.Fig. 8 For broken shell roll structure schematic diagram, in broken shell roller 8, the face of cylinder of broken shell roll body 801 has 3 rows vertically Tooth post 802, tooth post 802 is vertically fixed on broken shell roll body 801, and 3 toothrow posts 802 are radially at equal intervals Distribution, in every toothrow post, tooth post 802 be spaced apart 10mm, the height of tooth post 802 is 15mm.
In broken shell case 3, when broken shell roller 8 rotates, the end face of the tooth post 802 on broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 The minimum spacing on surface be 8mm.
Broken shell roller strap wheel 10 is fixed in the left end shaft of broken shell roller 8, and motor I 11 is fixed in gantry base, Electrical machine belt pulley I 12 is fixed on the axle of motor I 11, broken shell roller strap wheel 10, electrical machine belt pulley I 12 and belt I 13 constitute belt gear.
Segregation apparatus is by point bits pipe 4, separator box 5, fan blade 14, fan blade belt wheel 15, motor II 16, a motor Belt wheel II 17 and belt II 18 composition, separator box 5 level is fixed in the stull of frame middle level.
The A-A sectional view dividing the Fig. 3 shown in bits tubular construction schematic diagram and Fig. 4 as shown in Figure 3, point bits pipe 4 is asymmetric Y-shaped structure, and lower pipeline is separated in being vertically fixed in lower pipeline by pipe internal partition 401 Two parts pipeline before and after one-tenth, is respectively anterior pipeline and rear portion pipeline, and by a point lower port for bits pipe 4 Separating composition bits pipe outlet 403 and point bits pipe shell import 404, anterior pipeline is with point top of bits pipe 4 forward Long pipeline connection for shell core mixed feeding passage, rear portion pipeline and point top of bits pipe 4 short duct backward Connection is shell passing away, and the upper port of shell core mixed feeding passage is a point bits pipe import 402, short duct Upper end closed, shell passing away is at back side panel upper opening, and its opening is point bits pipe shell to the back lower place Outlet 405.In point bits pipe 4 bottom, the lower port of shell core mixed feeding passage is a point bits pipe outlet 404, point Bits pipe import 402 and broken shell case outlet 304 connection.
Separator box 5 in separation of hull from kernel parts is formed with separation nowel 502 by separating top box 501.Figure 10 is Separator box top box structural representation, there is separator box import 503 at the top separating top box 501, in separator box import Under 503, in separation, separator for container 506 is vertically fixed on the left side plate separating top box 501, separates top box With the flange separating top box 501 in the same plane, in separation, separator for container 506 will in the lower edge of dividing plate 506 Separate the space in top box 501 be separated into separation top box fan blade room 508 and separate top box kernel passage 510.? Separating in top box fan blade room 508, separator box separation net 505 is arranged obliquely, its upper edge with separate top box The top board of 501 is affixed, and lower edge is affixed with the upper edge separating upper separator for container 506, the right and left along respectively with The left side plate separating top box 501 is affixed.
Figure 11 is separator box nowel structural representation, in separating nowel 502, separates lower separator for container 507 and erects Directly it is fixed on the left side plate separating nowel 502, separates the upper edge of lower separator for container 507 and separate nowel The flange of 502 in the same plane, and case 501 and separate nowel 502 and be assembled into separator box 5 in separation Time, in separation, separator for container 506 and the lower separator for container 507 of separation are in same perpendicular.Separate nowel every The space separated in nowel 502 is separated into separation nowel fan blade room 509 by plate 507 and separation nowel kernel leads to Road 511, separates the bottom lock of nowel fan blade room 509, separates the lower port of nowel kernel passage 511 for dividing Export 504 from case, the antetheca separating nowel 502 has fresh air inlet 512.
The separation of hull from kernel modular construction of segregation apparatus is as it is shown in figure 5, separate top box 501 and separate nowel 502 The most relatively connect composition separator box 5 with flange and bolt, separate top box fan blade room 508 and separate nowel fan blade Room 509 forms separator box fan blade room, separates top box kernel passage 510 and separates 511 groups of nowel kernel passage Become separator box kernel passage.
As shown in the blade structure schematic diagram of Figure 12, the structure of fan blade 14 is the most solid on axis body Connect 3 axial blades.Under separator box separation net 505, fan blade 14 is horizontally placed at dividing of separator box 5 Indoor from case fan blade, fan blade 14 is by the bearing in end axle and the axis hole on the sidewall of separator box left and right and divides Constituting from case 5 and be rotationally connected, fan blade belt wheel 15 is fixed on the end axle of fan blade 14, separator box import 503 It is connected with a point lower port for bits pipe 4.Motor II 16 is fixed in gantry base, and electrical machine belt pulley II 17 is affixed On the axle of motor II 16, fan blade belt wheel 15, electrical machine belt pulley II 17 and belt II 18 constitute belt drive Structure.
Double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine work process:
During work, pouring in receiving hopper by rubber fruit, rubber fruit enters in the broken shell case of hulling machine, such as Fig. 9 Shown rubber fruit broken shell process schematic, motor I 11 drives broken shell roller 8 to rotate counterclockwise, by broken shell Case import 303 enters the rubber fruit 19 of broken shell case 3 and falls in broken shell roll body 801 surface of broken shell roller 8 and auxiliary On gap between roller 9 surface, rubber fruit 19 the tooth post 802 rotated with broken shell roller 8 and help roll 9 it Between the extruding that produces and shear action lower casing rupture, kernel and the shell compound of rubber after broken shell fruit are worn Cross the gap between broken shell roll body 801 surface and help roll 9 surface, separate from broken shell case outlet 304 entrance Device, completes rubber fruit broken shell operation.Motor II 16 drives fan blade 14 to rotate clockwise, and isolates from separator box High velocity air discharged by net 505, from the compound of point kernel that bits pipe outlet 403 falls and shell bits at a high speed Under the effect of air-flow, shell bits move upward and enter shell passing away, export 405 rows through a point bits pipe shell Growing to body contact case 6, kernel falls into separator box kernel passage, falls connecing core case from separator box outlet 504 discharge 7, complete the separation of hull from kernel operation of rubber fruit.
The present invention is applicable to rubber forest farm and processes rubber fruit.

Claims (3)

1. a double roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machine, it is characterized in that, double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine by receiving hopper (2), hulling machine, segregation apparatus, body contact case (6) and connects core case (7) and forms, and receiving hopper, hulling machine, segregation apparatus are from up to down sequentially fixed in frame (1);nullThe frame top layer stull that described frame (1) is fixed on 4 vertical framework pillars by level、The stull of frame upper strata and the stull of frame middle level and be fixed in the gantry base composition before 2 framework pillars in front side,Receiving hopper (2) is fixed in frame top layer stull,Broken shell case (3) level of hulling machine is fixed in the stull of frame upper strata,Separator box (5) level of segregation apparatus is fixed in the stull of frame middle level,The discharging opening of receiving hopper (2) is connected with broken shell case import (303) of the broken shell case (3) in hulling machine,Broken shell case outlet (304) of broken shell case (3) is connected with point bits pipe import (402) for point bits pipe (4) in segregation apparatus,The lower port dividing bits pipe (4) is connected with the separator box import (503) of the separator box (5) in segregation apparatus,Connect core case (7) to be placed on ground under separator box outlet (504);Body contact case (6) is placed on the support being fixed in after 2 framework pillars of rear side in point bits pipe shell outlet (405) back lower place for point bits pipe (4);
nullDescribed hulling machine is by broken shell case (3)、Broken shell roller (8)、Help roll (9)、Broken shell roller strap wheel (10)、Motor I (11)、Electrical machine belt pulley I (12) and belt I (13) composition,Broken shell case (3) level is fixed in the frame upper strata stull of frame (1),Broken shell case (3) is made up of broken shell case top box (301) and broken shell case nowel (302),Be connected with the most relative with broken shell case nowel (302) of broken shell case top box (301) constitutes broken shell case (3),Broken shell roller (8) and help roll (9) are parallel to each other,And it is horizontally placed in broken shell case (3),Broken shell roller (8) and help roll (9) are all rotationally connected with broken shell case (3) composition by the bearing in respective end axle and the axis hole on the sidewall of broken shell case left and right,Broken shell roller strap wheel (10) is fixed in the left end shaft of broken shell roller (8);Broken shell case import (303) is arranged on the top of broken shell case top box (301), broken shell case import (303) is connected with the discharging opening of receiving hopper (2), and broken shell case outlet (304) is arranged on the bottom of broken shell case nowel (302);
In described broken shell roller (8), 3 toothrow posts (802) are had vertically on broken shell roll body (801) surface, tooth post (802) is vertically fixed on broken shell roll body (801), and 3 toothrow posts (802) are radially for being spacedly distributed;
Broken shell roller strap wheel (10) is fixed in the left end shaft of broken shell roller (8), motor I (11) is fixed in gantry base, electrical machine belt pulley I (12) is fixed on the axle of motor I (11), and broken shell roller strap wheel (10), electrical machine belt pulley I 11 and belt I (13) constitute belt gear;
Described segregation apparatus is made up of point bits pipe (4), a separator box (5), fan blade (14), fan blade belt wheel (15), motor II (16), electrical machine belt pulley II (17) and belt II (18), and separator box (5) level is fixed in the stull of frame middle level;
nullDescribed point of bits pipe (4) is asymmetric Y-shaped structure,Pipe internal partition (401) is vertically fixed in lower pipeline and lower pipeline is separated into before and after's two parts pipeline,It is respectively anterior pipeline and rear portion pipeline,And the lower port that will divide bits pipe (4) separates composition bits pipe and exports (403) and point bits pipe shell import (404),Anterior pipeline connects as shell core mixed feeding passage with point top of bits pipe (4) long pipeline forward,Rear portion pipeline connects as shell passing away with point top of bits pipe (4) short duct backward,The upper port of shell core mixed feeding passage is point bits pipe import (402),Shell passing away is in back side panel upper shed,Its opening is point bits pipe shell outlet (405),In point bits pipe (4) bottom,The lower port of shell core mixed feeding passage is point bits pipe outlet (404),Bits pipe import (402) and broken shell case outlet (304) is divided to connect,That divides bits pipe shell outlet (405) is oriented the back lower place;
nullDescribed separator box (5) is made up of separation top box (501) and separation nowel (502),Separator box import (503) is arranged at the top separating top box (501),Under separator box import (503),In separation, separator for container (506) is vertically fixed on the left side plate separating top box (501),In separation, the lower edge of separator for container (506) is with the flange separating top box (501) in the same plane,In separation, the space separated in top box (501) is separated into separation top box fan blade room (508) and separates top box kernel passage (510) by separator for container (506),In separation in case fan blade room (508),Separator box separation net (505) is arranged obliquely,Its upper edge is affixed with the top board separating top box (501),Lower edge is affixed with the upper edge separating upper separator for container (506),The right and left is along affixed with the left side plate separating top box (501) respectively;
nullIn separating nowel (502),Separate lower separator for container (507) to be vertically fixed on the left side plate separating nowel (502),Separate the upper edge of lower separator for container (507) with the flange separating nowel (502) in the same plane,And when case (501) and separation nowel (502) are assembled into separator box (5) in separation,In separation, separator for container (506) and the lower separator for container (507) of separation are in same perpendicular,Separate lower separator for container (507) space separated in nowel (502) is separated into separation nowel fan blade room (509) and separates nowel kernel passage (511),Separate the bottom lock of nowel fan blade room (509),The lower port separating nowel kernel passage (511) is that separator box exports (504),The antetheca separating nowel (502) there is fresh air inlet (512);
Separate top box (501) and separate nowel (502) the most relative flange and bolt connection composition separator box (5), separate top box fan blade room (508) and separate composition separator box fan blade room, nowel fan blade room (509), separate top box kernel passage (510) and separate nowel kernel passage (511) composition separator box kernel passage;
The structure of described fan blade (14) is the most affixed 3~5 axial blades on axis body;Under separator box separation net (505), the separator box fan blade that fan blade (14) is horizontally placed at separator box (5) is indoor, and fan blade (14) is rotationally connected with separator box (5) composition by the bearing in end axle and the axis hole on the sidewall of separator box left and right;Fan blade belt wheel (15) is fixed on the end axle of fan blade (14), and separator box import (503) is connected with a point lower port for bits pipe (4);Motor II (16) is fixed in gantry base, electrical machine belt pulley II (17) is fixed on the axle of motor II (16), and fan blade belt wheel (15), electrical machine belt pulley II (17) and belt II (18) constitute belt gear.
The most according to claim 1 pair of roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machine, it is characterised in that in every toothrow post, tooth post (802) be spaced apart 5~10mm, the height of tooth post (802) is 10~20mm.
The most according to claim 1 pair of roller shearing rubber fruit hulling machine, it is characterized in that, in broken shell case (3), the gap width span during plane tangent of the end face of the tooth post (802) on broken shell roller (8) and help roll (9) is 5~10mm.
CN201510223309.1A 2015-05-05 2015-05-05 Double rollers shearing rubber fruit hulling machine Expired - Fee Related CN104799398B (en)

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CN105614903B (en) * 2016-03-17 2018-05-04 武汉轻工大学 A kind of shiny-leaved yellowhorn decorticator
CN108507885B (en) * 2018-04-03 2020-08-04 海南大学 Rubber fruit crushing force testing device
CN108669575B (en) * 2018-05-22 2020-11-06 海南大学 Cam type extrusion hulling machine for hulling rubber fruits
CN111203384A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-29 海南大学 Vertical rubber shell benevolence separator

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