CN104799048A - Feed capable of improving Truogx sinensis disease resistance, and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Feed capable of improving Truogx sinensis disease resistance, and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104799048A
CN104799048A CN201510020476.6A CN201510020476A CN104799048A CN 104799048 A CN104799048 A CN 104799048A CN 201510020476 A CN201510020476 A CN 201510020476A CN 104799048 A CN104799048 A CN 104799048A
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China
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feed
diseases
shelled turtle
yellow sand
parts
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CN201510020476.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄敬皓
黄光仁
陆少杰
江凯龙
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南宁市春华农业科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a feed capable of improving Truogx sinensis disease resistance, and a preparation method thereof, and belongs to the technical field of testudinate feed processing. The feed comprises, by weight, ampullaria gigas, livestock and poultry leftover, locust, silkworm chrysalis, corn, pumpkin, algae, bone meal, table salt, dimethyl-beta-propiothetin, glycine betaine, and a Chinese herbal medicine preparation. The feed is prepared via steps of smashing, sieving, mixing, pelleting, drying, cooling, and packaging. The feed possesses functions of a plurality of Chinese herbal medicines; is capable of improving Truogx sinensis disease resistance effectively, increasing survival rate, improving palatability, increasing feed intake of Truogx sinensis, increasing growth speed, shortening growth period, reducing feed cost, improving production effectiveness, avoiding drug abuse caused by disease prevention, and improving Truogx sinensis quality. Operation of the preparation method is simple; and the preparation method is convenient for popularization and application.

Description

A kind ofly strengthen feed of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases and preparation method thereof

[technical field]

The invention belongs to Terrapin feed processing technique field, be specifically related to a kind ofly strengthen feed of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases and preparation method thereof.

[background technology]

Yellow sand soft-shelled turtle is a kind of freshwater fish of high-quality, is divided into south, two, north kind.Vietnam plants and Guangxi kind is referred to as south kind, is mainly distributed in Vietnam, Guangdong, Guangxi; North is planted and is divided into again smalt head tortoise and little blue or green head tortoise, and smalt head is distributed in Taiwan and Fujian, and little blue or green head is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui one band.Yellow sand soft-shelled turtle becomes the blunt circle of soft-shelled turtle build and flat, back is light yellow, the structural arrangement decorative pattern of carapace high-visible vertebra and rib in appearance, have in carapace both sides 8-9 by wart grain arranged end formed in the epidermis fold lines of being interrupted or uninterrupted buckling arranges, afterbody shirt rim is distributed with numerous sclerosis wart grain, hand touches with grains of sand sense, and shirt rim is generous harder.Yellow sand soft-shelled turtle is all precious from head to foot, and the head of soft-shelled turtle, first, bone, meat, ovum, courage, fat all can be used as medicine.Soft-shelled turtle meat is claimed to have effect of tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi in " Mingyi Bielu ".Record according to Compendium of Material Medica, soft-shelled turtle meat has enriching yin and nourishing kidney, and heat-clearing disappears the multiple efficacies such as silt, spleen-and-stomach-invigorating, and can control deficient night sweating, hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency, pain in low back and legs, prolonged illness is had loose bowels, pediatric epilepsy scared, the diseases such as women's amenorrhoea, difficult labour." daily book on Chinese herbal medicine " is thought, the external application of soft-shelled turtle blood can control facial nerve, can be thirsty except apoplexy, consumptive disease hectic fever, and can treat bone tuberculosis.Soft-shelled turtle blood contains the compositions such as animal glue, keratin, iodine and vitamin D, can nourish checking exuberance of yang, enrich blood, subside a swelling, flat irascibility, can treat cirrhosis and hepatosplenomegaly, treatment amenorrhoea, through diseases such as leakages.Soft-shelled turtle courage can control anal fistula.Soft-shelled turtle ovum can control protracted dysentery.Soft-shelled turtle head dries to be ground into powder, and yellow rice wine is taken after mixing it with water, and can control prolapse of the anus.The fat of soft-shelled turtle can be established the yang function in enriching yin, treatment white hair.Modern science is thought, soft-shelled turtle is rich in VitAVitE, collagen and several amino acids, unsaturated amino acid, trace element, can improve immune function of human body, enhance metabolism, strengthen the resistance against diseases of human body, the effect having skin maintenance and delay senility.

The aquaculture model of current domestic testudinate is under the background pursuing high yield, greenhouse cultivation or the cultivation of the outer pool are all based on high density, quality mind, the brand awareness of producing because of Terrapin raising thin in addition, and cause product quality quality to mix, make testudinate as the vivid sustain damage of health food, cause testudinate price to continue to fall, fanning economics seriously comes down.Improve the product quality of testudinate, strengthen its immunity function, reduce the medicament administration of controlling disease, both having met the production requirement of organic farm products, is also the study hotspot of current aquaculture.Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations not only has direct inhibitory or killing effect to pathogenic microorganism, also by transferring the anti-stress ability of body, the immunity improving body and defense function, strengthening its premunition, and not easily producing drug resistance with rear less residue, pathogen.In order to reduce the harm that disease causes testudinate, ensure the sound development of Terrapin raising industry, improve the economic benefit of raiser, therefore, researching and developing a kind of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle additive strengthening premunition is trend place.Patent of invention " a kind of Chinese herbal formula (patent No.: ZL201310098138.5) improving testudinate immunity discloses a kind of Chinese herbal formula of the immunity for improving testudinate; the raw material of this Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations composition comprises: fortune paulownia flower, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, Radix Glycyrrhizae, giant knotweed, hawthorn; said preparation have low to environmental toxicity, not easily produce the advantage such as drug resistance; but also there is the problems such as yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases is relatively weak, quality is lower, and growth promoting effects speed is slower.

Wild marjoram has another name called only dysentery grass, Elsholtzia patrini garcke, south Sinkiang ziziphora herb, another name: Ao Legang grass, E Ligangye, Pizza are careless, mushroom is careless.It to staphylococcus aureus, typhoid bacillus, proteus antibacterial action the most by force, also has good antibacterial action to Escherichia coli, bacterium sonnei and paratyphosum Bacterium; The lymph transformation of wild marjoram energy promotion health people and acute nephritis patient, and there is immunoregulation effect.

Dried orange peel, be the maturate peel of rutaceae orange and variety thereof, the time of placing due to it is more of a specified duration, and its drug effect is stronger, therefore named dried orange peel.Dried orange peel contributes to digestion, because dried orange peel contains limonoid, this limonoid taste is gentle, soluble in water, in addition, dried orange peel contains the compositions such as volatile oil, hesperidine, Cobastab, C, volatile oil contained by it has gentle spread effect to intestines and stomach, the secretion of digestive juice can be promoted, get rid of pneumatosis in intestinal tube, increase appetite; Dried orange peel is conventional Chinese medicine simply, and taste is arduous, warm in nature, has the invigorating the spleen of ventilation, eliminating dampness and eliminating phlegm, the effect of separating greasy lasting, stopping nausea and vomiting by lowering the adverse flow of QI.

Matrimony vine is the plant of eggplant order Solanaceae Lycium, adjustable body's immunity, can effectively Tumor suppression growth and cell mutation, have delay senility, AFL, adjusting blood lipid and blood sugar, the aspect such as promotion hematopoiesis function effect.

Peppermint is labiate, and peppermint has the effect stimulating nervous centralis, and acting on skin has bright sense and creeping chill simultaneously, and it has again the effect of suppression and paralysis to sensory nerve ending; Peppermint has desensitization, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect to bite by mosquitos skin; Also obvious cough-relieving, anti-inflammatory and bacteriostasis is had to the infection of the upper respiratory tract; Hemorrhoid, anal fissure are had to the effect of swelling and pain relieving, antiphlogistic antibacterial; Excited effect is had for gustatory nerve and olfactory nerves; Refrigerant throat-moistening specific to peppermint and the pleasant smell of fragrance is covered up and improve some has peculiar smell and be difficult to senses of discomfort of the medicine swallowed.

Garlic, herbaceos perennial, Liliaceae allium.In garlic, sulfur-containing compound has strong antibacterial and anti-inflammation functions, all has suppression and killing action to multiple coccus, bacillus, fungi and virus etc., is the one that in the natural plants found at present, antibacterial action is the strongest; The elements such as the germanium in garlic and selenium can the growth of inhibition tumor cell and cancer cell, and experiment finds, the crowd that cancer incidence is minimum is exactly the crowd that in blood, selenium content is the highest.National Cancer tissue is thought, in the plant of the anticancer potentiality of whole world most, what rank first is garlic; Garlic can effectively suppress and kill the bacterial viruses such as the helicobacter pylori causing gastrointestinal disease, removes stomach noxious material, stimulating gastrointestinal mucous membrane, promotes appetite, accelerates digestion; Containing a kind of Capsaicin being " allyl sulfides " in garlic, there is good killing action to pathogen and parasite, can preventing cold, alleviate fever, cough, have sore throat and the cold symptoms such as nasal obstruction.

The coptis, herbaceos perennial, happiness cools, moistening part, belongs to Ranunculaceae Coptis.The coptis is also a kind of conventional Chinese medicine, just the most on the books in Shennong's Herbal, and because its rhizome is beaded, look yellow, so be referred to as " coptis ".It has the pharmacologically actives such as antibacterial, antitumor and anti-arrhythmia, has effect of heat-clearing and damp-drying drug, purging intense heat and detonicating.Also there is antibacterial, hypoglycemic, antitumor, protection stomach lining isoreactivity.

Chinese prickly ash is called: numb green pepper, another name for Sichuan Province green pepper, select green pepper, fragrant green pepper, greatly Chinese prickly ash, Chinese pepper, zanthoxylum powder, and taste is pungent, hot in nature, returns spleen, stomach warp; Have fragrant stomach invigorating, warming spleen and stomach for dispelling cold, damp dispelling and pain relieving, desinsection detoxifies, effect of antipruritic solution raw meat; Primary treatment is vomitted, wind-cold-dampness arthralgia, the diseases such as dentalgia.

Chinese cassia tree is dry hide and the branch skin in canella Chinese cassia tree and osmanthus, great Ye Qinghua, and Chinese cassia tree extremely hot in nature, taste is pungent, sweet.Cure mainly: the insufficiency of the kidney yang; Gate of vitality's fire aversion to cold and cold limbs; Soreness and weakness of waist and knees; Impotence and seminal emission; Difficult urination or frequency; To lose heart syndrome characterized by dyspnea; The all cards of edema oliguria; The Yang-function insufficiency of kidneyzang; Fire is Gui Yuan not; Floating yang; Refusing yang; And heat in the upper and cold in the lower; Flushing foot is cold; Dizziness and tinnitus; Dispute gruel is broken; Spleen is suffered from a deficiency of the kidney cold; Coldness and pain in the epigastrium; Food subtracts loose stool; Lumbago due to the kidney deficiency; Numbness and ache of cold dampness; Cold hernia pain; Palace is cold infertile; Dysmenorrhoea is through closing; The stagnant stomachache of the stasis of blood in postpartum; Cloudy subcutaneous ulcer streamer; Or cold of insufficiency type large carbuncle purulence becomes not burst; Or do not hold back after bursting.

Hawthorn, edible plants, stone fruit, matter is hard, and pulp is thin, and taste is micro-sour and astringent.Machaka.The close life of branch, have spinelet, sprout has pubescence.Sprig puce, old branch taupe.Can prevention and cure of cardiovascular disease.Hawthorn is China distinctive medicine fruit dual-purpose seeds.It has prevention and cure of cardiovascular disease, reduces blood pressure and cholesterol, softening blood vessel and diuresis and sedation; Appetite-stimulating indigestion-relieving, offsets carnivorous stagnant effect better especially; Hawthorn has the effect activated blood circulation and dispersed blood clots, and contributes to removing local extravasated blood state, has auxiliary curative effect to traumatic injury; Having in hawthorn relievings asthma reduces phlegm, the composition of anti-bacteria, treatment abdominal pain diarrhea.

The chemical composition of fortune paulownia flower is containing ursolic acid (ursolic acid), Matteuccia strthiopteris phenol (matteucinol), nature and flavor, cold in nature, mildly bitter flavor.Function cures mainly controls the infection of the upper respiratory tract, Bronchopneumonia, acute tonsillitis, bacillary dysentery, chordapsus, acute conjunctivitis, mumps, furuncle.

The sweet slightly warm in nature of Radix Astragali taste.Return lung, spleen, liver, kidney channel.Polishing is shown admittedly, holder sore myogenic.Cure mainly the empty spontaneous perspiration of body, rush down for a long time, prolapse of the anus, the prolapse of uterus, chronic nephritis, body is impractical swollen, chronic ulcer, open sore part disunion of a specified duration.The life Radix Astragali, has effect of invigorating qi for consolidating superficies, inducing diuresis for removing edema, detoxification, myogenic, is applicable to spontaneous perspiration, night sweat, blood-arthralgia, edema, ulcer and does not burst or burst and the disease such as not hold back for a long time.Preparing astragalus membranaceus has tonifying Qi, nourishes blood, effect in benefit, is applicable to the diseases such as internal injury overstrain, splenasthenic diarrhea, the deficiency of vital energy, the deficiency of blood, laboured breathing.Modern medicine proves; the Radix Astragali have reduce blood viscosity, reduce thrombosis, reduce blood pressure, the damage of cardioprotection, bidirectional modulation blood sugar, Green Tea Extract, anti-ageing, anti anoxia, antitumor, strengthen body immunity, can be used to the diseases such as treatment heart disease, hypertension, diabetes.The Radix Astragali can also hemangiectasis, improves skin blood circulation and nutrition condition, therefore effective to chronic ulcer disunion person of a specified duration.It can also eliminate the albuminuria of nephritis patient, and protection liver, prevents hepatic glycogen from reducing.

Radix Codonopsis containing polysaccharide, phenols, sterol, volatile oil, vitamin B1, B2, the necessary amino acid of multiple human body, scutellarein glucosid, saponin and Alkaloid, trace element etc.Property is put down, sweet, the micro-acid of taste.Return spleen, lung channel.Tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, invigorating the spleen benefit lung.Weak for the spleen deficiency syndrome of the lung, palpitaition of breathing hard, anorexia and loose stool, void is breathed with cough and is coughed, and interior heat is quenched one's thirst.

Hairyvein agrimony is called again the West dragon, Agrimony, it has the height about five chis, can bloom between annual June to September, generally grows in the woods and grassland of the European countries such as the U.S., Canada, the tannic acid contained in hairyvein agrimony enriches very much, and this material has well restrains effect.Its effect had is: astringing to arrest bleeding, detoxification sore treatment, desinsection, puckery sweat, cough-relieving.For diseases such as spitting of blood, haematemesis, bleeding from five sense organs or subcutaneous tissue, hematuria, uterine bleeding, bloody flux, malaria, diabete hidrosis, overstrain coughs, control the diseases such as trichomonas vaginitis, furuncle sore carbuncle are swollen, hemorrhoid outward.

Polygala root is herbaceos perennial, and stem is thin, and leaf alternate, linear, raceme, spends green white, capsule oval.Bitter, pungent, warm in nature, the thoughts of returning home, kidney, lung channel.There is intelligence development of calming the nerves, eliminate the phlegm, effect of Xie Yu.Control palpitation with fear, forgetful, nocturnal emission, insomnia, cough ant phlegm, ulcer sore swells.

Radix Glycyrrhizae is perennial herb, is born in dry calcareous grassland and bank sand soil etc. on the sunny side, is distributed in the ground such as northeast, North China, northwest.Radix Glycyrrhizae property is put down, and taste is sweet, returns 12 warps.There is removing toxic substances, eliminate the phlegm, pain relieving, spasmolysis is so that the pharmacological action such as anticancer.In the traditional Chinese medical science, Radix Glycyrrhizae is invigorated the spleen and benefited qi, and grows and coughs moistening lung, and emergency is detoxified, and is in harmonious proportion hundred medicines.It is other with " honey is processed " that clinical practice divides " raw with ".Raw with curing mainly abscess of throat, pain subcutaneous ulcer sore, gastrointestinal ulceration and antidote poison, food poisoning etc.; Honey is processed and is cured mainly spleen and stomach function and go down, and large loose stool is thin, weak heating and cough, palpitaition etc.

Poria cocos, is commonly called as Yun Ling, Song Ling, Fu spirit, and for colonizing in the fungi plant on pine roots, shape is as sweet potato, and crust pitchy, the inside is white or pink.Poria cocos taste is sweet, light, property is put down, energy eliminating dampness and diuresis; Strengthening the spleen and stomach; Antitoxic heart-soothing and sedative.Cure mainly difficult urination; Oedema turgor; Phlegm and retained fluid is coughed inverse; Vomiting; Insufficiency of the spleen food is few; Have loose bowels; Palpitation and restlessness; Insomnia forgetfulness; Seminal emission gonorrhoea.

Radix Angelicae Sinensis is the dry root of umbelliferae angelica.General growth was excavated after 2 years.Warm in nature, taste is sweet pungent.The thoughts of returning home, liver, the spleen channel.Benefiting blood and regulating blood circulation, menstruction regulating and pain relieving, moisturizes laxation.Control irregular menstruation, through closing stomachache, abdominal mass knot is poly-, uterine bleeding; Headache due to deficiency of blood, dizzy, impotence numbness; Intestines are dry just difficult, heavy after dysentery characterized by blood in the stool; Ulcer sore is stolen, injury from falling down.

The root of large-flowered skullcap another name Radix Scutellariae, tsuchikane tea root.For the labiate root of large-flowered skullcap, be used as medicine with root.Effect: heat-clearing and damp-drying drug, purging intense heat and detonicating, antiabortive, cooling blood and hemostasis.Effect: step-down, calmness, the effect such as antimicrobial.

Radix Isatidis (conventional another name: indigo-blue, indigo root, manyflower glorybower root) be a kind of Chinese medicine, be the root of a year or biennial herb plant woaded blue, there is anti-bacteria and anti-virus, anti-Leptospira, removing toxic substances, raising immunologic function, the effect such as antitumor.

Mother chrysanthemum nature and flavor are bitter, pungent, are slightly cold.Return lung, Liver Channel.Function is clearing heat and detoxicating, detumescence.Be mainly used in the cards such as carbuncle is swollen, serious case of furuncle, abscess of throat, wind fire cute conjunctivitis.In addition, take orally and decoct soup washout, can be used for the card of pruitus.To staphylococcus aureus, corynebacterium diphtheriae, streptococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, puncture Shigella, influenza virus, all there is inhibitory action.

Honeysuckle, has another name called honeysuckle, honeysuckle flower, honeysuckle etc., is described as clearing heat and detoxicating good medicine from ancient times.Its property sweet cold air fragrance, clear heat with drugs of sweet flavour and cold nature and not injuring one's stomach, fragrance thoroughly reaches and can be eliminating evil.Honeysuckle can dispelling wind-heat, also kind removing summer-heat blood poison, for various febrile disease, as the card such as body heat, dermexanthesis, spot, hot carbuncle carbuncle, abscess of throat, and equal Be very effective.

Beggar-ticks, bitter, cold nature.Clearing heat and detoxicating; Dispel rheumatism; Activating blood circulation and reducing swelling.Main throat; Swell and ache; Have loose bowels; Dysentery; Jaundice; Acute appendicitis; Furuncle swelling toxin; Snake is early bitten; Arthralgia due to wind-dampness; Traumatic injury.

Parasitic loranthus, bitter, sweet, property is put down.Return liver, kidney channel.Filling liver kidney; Strengthening the bones and muscles; Wines used as antirheumatic; Antiabortive.Main soreness of waist and knee joint; Muscles and bones impotence is weak; Limbs are hemiplegia; Arthralgia due to wind-dampness; Head is wrong dizzy; Fetal irritability, metrostaxis.

Giant knotweed root welding technology fears quinone and anthraquinone glycoside containing free.Be mainly archen, Physcion and Chrysophanol, and anthracene glucoside A, anthracene glucoside B.Inhibitory action is had to staphylococcus aureus, micrococcus catarrhalis, A type or beta streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa; All inhibitory action is had to A type capital, influenza Asia section 68-1 strain virus, orphan virus, herpes simplex virus.

[summary of the invention]

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly strengthens feed of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases and preparation method thereof, to solve the problems such as yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases is relatively weak, quality is lower, and growth promoting effects speed is slower in prior art.Feed of the present invention combines effect of multiple Chinese herbal medicine, effectively can strengthen yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, improves survival rate; Feed of the present invention can improve yellow sand soft-shelled turtle palatability, increases yellow sand soft-shelled turtle feed intake, the speed of growth, shortens growth cycle, reduce feed cost, improve productivity effect; The use of feed of the present invention effectively can reduce the phenomenon of controlling disease and random dispenser thing, improves the quality of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle.

For solving above technical problem, the present invention by the following technical solutions:

A kind of feed strengthening yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, in units of weight portion, the feed of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases comprises following raw material: Pomacea canaliculata 30-50 part, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals 20-40 part, corn 20-40 part, pumpkin 20-40 part, algae 20-40 part, locust 6-12 part, silkworm chrysalis 6-12 part, bone meal 6-12 part, salt 4-8 part, dimethyl-β-DMPT 2-6 part, betaine 2-6 part, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations 0.1-0.5 part.

Preferably, the feed of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, in units of weight portion, described feed comprises following raw material: Pomacea canaliculata 35-45 part, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals 25-35 part, corn 25-35 part, pumpkin 25-35 part, algae 25-35 part, locust 8-10 part, silkworm chrysalis 8-10 part, bone meal 8-10 part, salt 5-7 part, dimethyl-β-DMPT 3-5 part, betaine 3-5 part, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations 0.2-0.4 part.

Preferably, the feed of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, in units of weight portion, described feed comprises following raw material: Pomacea canaliculata 40 parts, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals 30 parts, corn 30 parts, 30 parts, pumpkin, 30 parts, algae, locust 9 parts, silkworm chrysalis 9 parts, bone meal 9 parts, salt 6 parts, dimethyl-β-DMPT 4 parts, betaine 4 parts, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations 0.3 part.

Preferably, described Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations comprises following raw material: wild marjoram, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed.

Preferably, the preparation method of described Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, comprises the following steps: dry to amount of moisture≤10% by wild marjoram, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed under the sun; The wild marjoram of drying described, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed are pulverized respectively, then mix after crossing 200-400 object sieve, packaging gets product.

The present invention also provides a kind of feed producing method strengthening yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, comprises the following steps:

S1: under the sun, the raw material of following weight ratio is dried: Pomacea canaliculata 30-50 part, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals 20-40 part, locust 6-12 part, silkworm chrysalis 6-12 part, corn 20-40 part, pumpkin 20-40 part, algae 20-40 part;

S2: the Pomacea canaliculata dried in step S1, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals, locust, silkworm chrysalis, corn, pumpkin, algae are pulverized, mixes after sieving, obtained mixture;

S3: the raw material by following weight ratio: bone meal 6-12 part, salt 4-8 part, dimethyl-β-DMPT 2-6 part, betaine 2-6 part, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations 0.1-0.5 part are added in the obtained mixture of step S2, again mix, i.e. the obtained feed strengthening yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases;

S4: the feed of the enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases obtained by step S3 adopts feeding stuff cuber feed is made particle and dries to amount of moisture≤5%, is finally cooled to 25-30 DEG C of packed products.

Preferably, the feed producing method of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, described in step S1 Pomacea canaliculata, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals, locust, silkworm chrysalis, corn, pumpkin, algae are dried to moisture be≤10%.

Preferably, the feed producing method of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, what the crushed material described in step S2 was crossed is 200-400 object sieve.

Preferably, the feed producing method of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, the diameter making granulated meal described in step S4 is 0.1-0.3cm.

Preferably, the feed producing method of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, the bake out temperature described in step S4 is 100-110 DEG C.

The present invention has following beneficial effect:

(1) Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations of the present invention is efficient, safe, the natural additive prepared by multiple Chinese herbal medicine, combine effect of multiple Chinese herbal medicine, not only there is direct inhibitory or killing effect to pathogenic microorganism, also by transferring the anti-stress ability of body, the immunity improving body and defense function, strengthen yellow sand soft-shelled turtle premunition, improve survival rate, and do not produce drug resistance with rear less residue, pathogen;

(2) feed of the present invention can improve yellow sand soft-shelled turtle palatability, increases yellow sand soft-shelled turtle feed intake and the speed of growth, shortens growth cycle, reduces feed cost, improves productivity effect;

(3) use of feed of the present invention effectively can reduce the phenomenon of controlling disease and random dispenser thing, improves the quality of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle, ensures the sound development of yellow sand soft-shelled turtle aquaculture;

(4) to prepare the method for feed simple to operate in the present invention, is easy to apply.

[detailed description of the invention]

Be specifically described below in conjunction with specific embodiment.

Embodiment 1

A kind of feed strengthening yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, in units of weight portion, the feed of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases comprises following raw material: Pomacea canaliculata 30 parts, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals 20 parts, corn 20 parts, 20 parts, pumpkin, 20 parts, algae, locust 6 parts, silkworm chrysalis 6 parts, bone meal 6 parts, salt 4 parts, dimethyl-β-DMPT 2 parts, betaine 2 parts, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations 0.1 part.

Described Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, in units of weight portion, comprise following raw material: wild marjoram 0.005 part, dried orange peel 0.005 part, matrimony vine 0.005 part, peppermint 0.005 part, 0.004 part, garlic, the coptis 0.004 part, 0.004 part, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree 0.004 part, hawthorn 0.004 part, fortune paulownia flower 0.004 part, the Radix Astragali 0.004 part, Radix Codonopsis 0.004 part, hairyvein agrimony 0.004 part, polygala root 0.004 part, 0.004 part, Radix Glycyrrhizae, 0.004 part, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 0.004 part, the root of large-flowered skullcap 0.004 part, Radix Isatidis 0.004 part, mother chrysanthemum 0.004 part, honeysuckle 0.004 part, beggar-ticks 0.004 part, parasitic loranthus 0.004 part, giant knotweed 0.004 part.

The preparation method of described Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, comprises the following steps: under the sun, wild marjoram, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed are dried to amount of moisture be 10%; The wild marjoram of drying described, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed are pulverized respectively, then mix after crossing 200 object sieves, packaging gets product.

The feed producing method of above-mentioned enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, comprises the following steps:

S1: under the sun, Pomacea canaliculata, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals, corn, pumpkin, algae, locust, silkworm chrysalis are dried to moisture be 10%;

S2: the Pomacea canaliculata dried in step S1, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals, corn, pumpkin, locust, silkworm chrysalis, algae are pulverized, mixes after crossing 200 mesh sieve, obtained mixture;

S3: bone meal, salt, dimethyl-β-DMPT, betaine, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations are added in the obtained mixture of step S2, again mixes, be i.e. the obtained feed strengthening yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases;

S4: the feed employing feeding stuff cuber of the enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases obtained by step S3 is made diameter feed and is 0.1cm particle and dries to 5% at temperature is 100 DEG C, is finally cooled to 25 DEG C of packed products.

Embodiment 2

A kind of feed strengthening yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases, in units of weight portion, the feed of described enhancing yellow sand soft-shelled turtle resistance against diseases comprises following raw material: Pomacea canaliculata 50 parts, utilization of waste Materials from Domestic Animals 40 parts, corn 40 parts, 40 parts, pumpkin, 40 parts, algae, locust 12 parts, silkworm chrysalis 12 parts, bone meal 12 parts, salt 8 parts, dimethyl-β-DMPT 6 parts, betaine 6 parts, Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations 0.5 part.

Described Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, in units of weight portion, comprise following raw material: wild marjoram 0.025 part, dried orange peel 0.025 part, matrimony vine 0.025 part, peppermint 0.025 part, 0.02 part, garlic, the coptis 0.02 part, 0.02 part, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree 0.02 part, hawthorn 0.02 part, fortune paulownia flower 0.02 part, the Radix Astragali 0.02 part, Radix Codonopsis 0.02 part, hairyvein agrimony 0.02 part, polygala root 0.02 part, 0.02 part, Radix Glycyrrhizae, 0.02 part, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 0.02 part, the root of large-flowered skullcap 0.02 part, Radix Isatidis 0.02 part, mother chrysanthemum 0.02 part, honeysuckle 0.02 part, beggar-ticks 0.02 part, parasitic loranthus 0.02 part, giant knotweed 0.02 part.

The preparation method of described Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations, comprises the following steps: under the sun, wild marjoram, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed are dried to amount of moisture be 8%; The wild marjoram of drying described, dried orange peel, matrimony vine, peppermint, garlic, the coptis, Chinese prickly ash, Chinese cassia tree, hawthorn, fortune paulownia flower, the Radix Astragali, Radix Codonopsis, hairyvein agrimony, polygala root, Radix Glycyrrhizae, Poria cocos, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, Radix Isatidis, mother chrysanthemum, honeysuckle, beggar-ticks, parasitic loranthus, giant knotweed are pulverized respectively, then mix after crossing 400 object sieves, packaging gets product.

The feed producing method