CN104798470A - Air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device - Google Patents

Air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104798470A
CN104798470A CN201510151446.9A CN201510151446A CN104798470A CN 104798470 A CN104798470 A CN 104798470A CN 201510151446 A CN201510151446 A CN 201510151446A CN 104798470 A CN104798470 A CN 104798470A
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China
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air
fertilizer
deep
pine
soil
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CN201510151446.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104798470B (en
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吴福成
李涛
高伟
孙兵
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成都天本生物科技有限公司
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Publication of CN104798470A publication Critical patent/CN104798470A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device. The air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device comprises a compressed air generation device, an airflow spray explosion and energy storage device and a scarification and fertilization gun; the airflow spray explosion and energy storage device is communicated with the compressed air generation device in an on/off manner, is used for storing compressed air and can spray and explode in a high pressure to generate spraying airflow; the scarification and fertilization gun is communicated with the airflow spray explosion and energy storage device and is inserted into the underground to guide the high-pressure spraying airflow into the soil; the air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device further comprises a fertilizer pumping and transporting device; the fertilizer pumping and transporting device is communicated with the scarification and fertilization gun in the on/off manner, and the spraying airflow entering in the scarification and fertilization gun generates negative pressure for the fertilizer to absorb the fertilizer when the fertilizer pumping and transporting device is communicated with the scarification and fertilization gun. The air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device solves the problems of deep scarification and deep fertilization of the oil and long-distance transportation of powdery fertilizer, is suitable for large-scale cultivation of plains, and is also suitable for dispersed plots such as mountainous areas and hills; furthermore, the powdery fertilizer conveying system is convenient to move; soil compaction is avoided; big transportation amount is achieved; the deep scarification system has low requirement on power, is small in volume, light in weight and low compaction for soil, and can enable fertilizer powder to be mixed with soil efficiently.

Description

Air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus

Technical field

The present invention relates to soil subsoiling field, particularly a kind of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus.

Background technology

Existing mechanical soil deep-ploughing implement utilizes big-powered tractor to drive ploughshare transverse movement scarifying soil exactly, break tillage pan, deepen plow layer, fertilizer powder is then swept on earth's surface by tractor (most use is artificial) by powder deep application of fertilizer, bury with rotovator or tractor rotary tillage or turn over again, there is no moveable-type soil subsoiling deep placement correlation technique and outfit thereof.

There are some technical deficiencies in above-mentioned subsoiling and deep placement mode, one is that technology is single, completely can not carry out work, apply fertilizer, loosen the soil, portable powder fertilizer conveying individually carry out, unrealized integrated; Two is that range of application is little, only can be applicable to the arable land that scale tillage condition in Plain is good, inapplicable to mountain area, hills, dispersion plot and roc; Three is that to use crop varieties single, is only applicable to annual field crop, loosens the soil then helpless to perennial economic crops intertillage; Four is need power large, and require harsh to basic condition, need large sized tractor to drive, complete sets of basic equipment condition is higher; Five is serious to soil degradation, big machinery energy compacting soil and then make it harden again, simultaneously may the granular structure of spoiled soil to the scarifying of soil, and then destroys plow layer.

Therefore, need to improve existing soil subsoiling deep placement technology, soil subsoiling deep placement and powder fertilizer moving long distance transportation problem can be solved, be not only applicable to Plain scale farming, also be applicable to the dispersion plot such as mountain area and hills; And powder fertilizer induction system conveniently moving, not compacting soil, conveying capacity is large, and subsoiling system dynamic is less demanding, volume is little, lightweight, and action flexibly, little to soil compaction, fertilizer powder can be made comparatively effectively to mix with soil, and destroy little to the plant root grown.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the invention provides a kind of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus, soil subsoiling deep placement and powder fertilizer moving long distance transportation problem can be solved, be not only applicable to Plain scale farming, and the dispersion plot such as applicable mountain area and hills; And powder fertilizer induction system conveniently moving, not compacting soil, conveying capacity is large, and subsoiling system dynamic is less demanding, volume is little, lightweight, and action flexibly, little to soil compaction, fertilizer powder can be made comparatively effectively to mix with soil, and destroy little to the plant root grown.

Air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention, comprise compressed air generator, air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment and Song Shi actuating unit, air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment and to be communicated with compressed air generator opening/closing type for storing compressed air and can the quick-fried generation jet-stream wind of high pressure spray, and pine is executed actuating unit and sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment with air-flow and be communicated with and for inserting underground, high-pressure injection air-flow imported soil; Also comprise the fertilizer pumping device for carrying fertilizer malleation, fertilizer pumping device and described pine are executed actuating unit opening/closing type and are communicated with and produce negative-pressure suction by entering the jet-stream wind that pine executes in actuating unit to fertilizer when being communicated with.

Further, pine is executed actuating unit and comprises pneumatic conveyer for conveying high-pressure jet-stream wind, be provided with gas channel and the fertilizer passage for entering fertilizer in pneumatic conveyer, gas channel is Venturi tube structure, and the fertilizer outlet of fertilizer passage is communicated with the shrinking zone of described gas channel.

Further, pine is executed actuating unit and also comprises and can insert soil and high-pressure injection air-flow is imported the airflow injection device of soil, airflow injection device comprises the Song Shitou of tubular structure, and pine is executed head and is communicated with the expansion regions of described gas channel, and the sidewall of Song Shitou is provided with the spray-hole of venturi shape.

Further, airflow injection device also comprises and is placed in pine and executes tapered shunting device in head, and tapered shunting device comprises chassis and is arranged at the shunting body on chassis, and the cone point of shunting body executes the inlet end of head towards described pine.

Further, airflow injection device also comprises the sprayed boring tool being arranged at tray bottom; The lateral wall that pine executes head is provided with prismatic projection.

Further, pine is executed actuating unit and also comprises for the wireway by high-pressure injection air-flow importing rifle body pipe, and the inner of wireway is placed in the shrinking zone of described gas channel, and described wireway inside is provided with Venturi tube structure gas port.

Further, wireway is sealed and matched arranges can move forward and backward vertically and can close the mode of the contraction section of described gas channel and described pneumatic conveyer.

Further, air-flow spray quick-fried energy storage equipment comprise fixed mount, be arranged in fixed mount and can longitudinal dilatation store compressed air accumulation of energy part and produce the elasticity storage power part of elastic force by accumulation of energy part inflate compression, the axial two ends of accumulation of energy part at least arrange elasticity storage power part between one end and fixed mount.

Further, accumulation of energy part is air sac type structure, and accumulation of energy part comprises pneumatophore, upper cover plate and lower cover, and lower cover is provided with an airflow orifice for air-flow turnover.

Further, elasticity storage power part is Compress Spring, and Compress Spring arranges two respectively between the axial two ends of accumulation of energy part and fixed mount;

Air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment and also comprises the runner Control Component passing in and out accumulation of energy part for the compressed air that automatically switches, described runner Control Component comprises valve body and is arranged on the gas circuit executive module in valve body, the axial two ends of described valve body are provided with intake valve port and exhaust valve port, valve body are also provided with the air chamber valve port be communicated with described accumulation of energy part.

Beneficial effect of the present invention: air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention, compressed air is produced by compressed air generator, and spray quick-fried energy storage equipment by air-flow storage accumulation of energy is carried out to compressed air, and high-pressure injection air-flow can be formed when instantaneous spray burst release is put, execute actuating unit by pine and high-pressure injection air-flow is imported underground, utilize the impulsive force of high-pressure injection air-flow to encircle the earth that breaks ground, thus reach the object to soil subsoiling; And while subsoiling, executing in actuating unit pine utilizes high-pressure injection air-flow to form negative-pressure suction to powder fertilizer, fertilizer and high-pressure injection air-flow are executed in actuating unit pine mix, and then make while subsoiling, fertilizer to be sprayed to enter in soil, reach the object of deep placement; Device degree of integration of the present invention is high, can solve the problem that soil subsoiling deep placement can not carry out closing powder fertilizer long distance delivery simultaneously, and the present invention is not only applicable to Plain scale farming, is also applicable to the dispersion plot such as mountain area and hills; And powder fertilizer induction system conveniently moving, not compacting soil, conveying capacity is large, and subsoiling system dynamic is less demanding, volume is little, lightweight, and action flexibly, little to soil compaction, fertilizer powder can be made comparatively effectively to mix with soil, and destroy little to the plant root grown.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.

Fig. 1 is air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is that the air-flow of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment structural representation;

Fig. 3 is that the pine of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention executes actuating unit structural representation;

Fig. 4 is the generalized section that the pine of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention executes actuating unit.

Embodiment

Fig. 1 is air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention, Fig. 2 is that the air-flow of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment structural representation, Fig. 3 is that the pine of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention executes actuating unit structural representation, Fig. 4 is that the pine of air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present invention executes the generalized section of actuating unit as shown in the figure: the air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus of the present embodiment, comprise compressed air generator 1, air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 and Song Shi actuating unit 3, air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 and to be communicated with compressed air generator 1 opening/closing type for storing compressed air and can the quick-fried generation jet-stream wind of high pressure spray, pine is executed actuating unit 3 and sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 with air-flow and be communicated with and for inserting underground, high-pressure injection air-flow imported soil, also comprise the fertilizer pumping device 4 for carrying fertilizer malleation, fertilizer pumping device 4 and described pine are executed actuating unit 3 opening/closing type and are communicated with and produce negative-pressure suction by entering the jet-stream wind that pine executes in actuating unit 3 to fertilizer when being communicated with, the present invention abandons traditional power source, but adopt bavin to move the compressed air of air compressor machine and corollary system output thereof as power source, compressed air generator 1 moves air compressor machine for bavin, air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 and compressed-air-storing is carried out accumulation of energy, realize by Non-follow control, also realize by automatic control system, when spraying the storage pressure-air in quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 to air-flow and discharging, high-pressure injection air-flow can be formed, high-pressure injection air-flow enters pine and executes in actuating unit 3, executing actuating unit 3 by pine sprays in underground by high-pressure injection air-flow, form air spray quick-fried, plot of hardening is formed and shatters, thus reach the object of Subsoiling, before single unit system uses, first pine can be executed actuating unit 3 and insert underground, its mode inserting underground realizes by pneumatic or electronic mode, in addition, fertilizer pumping device 4 carries out malleation to the fertilizer be placed in fertilizer storage box and pumps, simultaneously, the high-pressure injection air-flow that pine is executed in actuating unit 3 forms negative-pressure suction to fertilizer, thus malleation feeding and negative-pressure suction carry out simultaneously, fertilizer is executed in actuating unit 3 pine mix with high-pressure injection air-flow, and enter in the gap of the Zinc fractions after high-pressure injection air-flow shatters with logical injection of high-pressure injection air-flow one, reach the object of deep placement, air-flow in the present embodiment sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 and Song Shi actuating unit 3 by moved by hand, also can be arranged in removable vehicle body and move, convenient, flexible.

In the present embodiment, pine is executed actuating unit 3 and comprises pneumatic conveyer 3-1 for conveying high-pressure jet-stream wind, gas channel 3-1-1 and the fertilizer passage 3-1-2 for entering fertilizer is provided with in pneumatic conveyer 3-1, gas channel 3-1-1 is Venturi tube structure, and the fertilizer outlet of fertilizer passage 3-1-2 is communicated with the shrinking zone of described gas channel 3-1-1; Because gas channel 3-1-1 is Venturi tube structure, as shown in the figure, the gas channel 3-1-1 of Venturi tube structure comprises shrinking zone 3-1-3, weir district 3-1-4 and expansion regions 3-1-5, due to the expansion regions pressure comparatively end, the high-pressure injection air-flow flowing through gas channel 3-1-1 forms negative-pressure siphon suction to fertilizer, fertilizer is mixed with high-pressure injection air-flow in pneumatic conveyer 3-1, and together spray with high-pressure injection air-flow in the gap of the Zinc fractions entered after high-pressure injection air-flow shatters, reach the object of deep placement; Fertilizer passage 3-1-2 can arrange along pneumatic conveyer 3-1 circumference and to be multiplely all communicated with the shrinking zone of gas channel 3-1-1 in addition, and injector of the present invention can be arranged on car body, also by hand-held use.

In the present embodiment, pine is executed actuating unit 3 and also comprises and can insert soil and high-pressure injection air-flow is imported the airflow injection device 3-2 of soil, the pine that airflow injection device 3-2 comprises tubular structure executes a 3-2-1, pine is executed a 3-2-1 and is communicated with the expansion regions of described gas channel 3-1-1, and the sidewall that pine executes a 3-2-1 is provided with the spray-hole 3-2-2 of venturi shape; Wherein, the upper end that pine executes a 3-2-1 is fixedly connected with pneumatic conveyer 3-1, welding or other detachable connections, the airflow inlet that pine executes a 3-2-1 is communicated with the expansion regions of gas channel 3-1-1, namely be communicated with the air stream outlet of gas channel 3-1-1, the high-pressure injection air-flow mixed through gas channel 3-1-1 and fertilizer enter pine and execute in a 3-2-1, underground is entered by spray-hole 3-2-2 ejection, utilize the impulsive force of high-pressure injection air-flow to encircle the earth that breaks ground, thus reach the object to soil subsoiling; The mode that airflow injection device 3-2 inserts soil can be pneumatic, pneumatic cylinder 5 is set, the cylinder body 5-1 of pneumatic cylinder to be fixedly installed on car body or hand-held, a housing 6 is fixedly installed in pneumatic conveyer 3-1 upper end, the piston rod 5-2 of pneumatic cylinder is connected with housing, reaches by starting pneumatic cylinder the object promoting airflow injection device 3-2 insertion underground.

In the present embodiment, airflow injection device 3-2 also comprises and is placed in pine and executes tapered shunting device in a 3-2-1, tapered shunting device comprises chassis 3-2-3 and is arranged at the shunting body 3-2-4 of chassis 3-2-3, the cone point of shunting body 3-2-4 executes the shunting body 3-2-4 of the inlet end taper current divider of a 3-2-1 and the loose axis collinear executing a 3-2-1 towards described pine, owing to being injected into pine, to execute the pressure of the gases at high pressure in a 3-2-1 large, flow velocity is fast, easily cause high pressure draught all to flow to bottom that pine executes a 3-2-1, and make pine execute the lack of air of the spray-hole 3-2-2 held rearward of a 3-2-1, by the effect of tapered shunting device, high-pressure injection uniform stream pine can being executed a 3-2-1 is distributed to each spray-hole 3-2-2, the harmony that guarantee is finally loosened the soil and effect of loosening the soil, in addition, the spray-hole 3-2-2 of Venturi tube structure can accelerate the high-pressure injection air-flow final stage entered in soil, thus improves jet-stream wind intensity further, in addition, spray-hole 3-2-2 also can be other shapes such as circle, taper certainly.

In the present embodiment, airflow injection device 3-2 also comprises the sprayed boring tool 3-2-5 be arranged at bottom the 3-2-3 of chassis; Pine can be beneficial to execute a 3-2-1 and be inserted in soil, laborsaving, and execute a 3-2-1 when pine and insert after in soil, because the active area of drill bit is little, the damage to crop root can be reduced, be beneficial to plant growth, what is more important, drill bit and force-applying piece coordinate, and the stress that the surrounding soil can executing a 3-2-1 to pine forms multiple spot is concentrated, when air-flow spray is quick-fried, be easy to loosen the soil, improve effect of loosening the soil, certainly, preferably adopt pentagonal pyramid shape drill bit 3-2-5 or hexagonal pyramid shape drill bit 3-2-5;

In addition, the lateral wall that pine executes a 3-2-1 is provided with prismatic projection 3-2-6; Prismatic projection 3-2-6 executes a 3-2-1 pine and inserts in soil and stress can be caused to concentrate to soil, thus preliminary that soil is cracked, ensures loosen the soil effect and the scope of loosening the soil expanding post-injection air-flow of post-injection air-flow; Prismatic is longitudinally arranged along spray-hole, prismatic center and the spray-hole center of circle are on the same line, prismatic overall structure is rhombus, not only easily inserts, and carries out mechanical tear formation cavity to soil when inserting, effectively prevent the grogs blocking spray-hole torn, and spray-hole two ends formed triangular cavity, spray-hole external surface area is increased, and the pressure of formation is large, larger along cavity pressure break radius, width and the depth of crackle are larger.

In the present embodiment, pine execute a 3-2-1 close upper end also overcoat be provided with platen 3-2-7, described platen 3-2-7 is arranged can execute a mode for 3-2-1 axial reciprocating movement along pine; The lateral wall that platen 3-2-7 can execute a 3-2-1 with pine adopts threaded engagement, also can adopt and be slidably matched, then be fixed by securing member (as bolt or screw), pass through said structure, can execute to pine the degree of depth that a 3-2-1 is inserted in soil to adjust, have more actual needs to carry out the degree of depth and loosen the soil or more shallow loosening the soil, and, when air-flow has spray-hole 3-2-22-2 to spray the quick-fried phenomenon of formation spray, effectively can prevent the chip in soil, stone etc. from splashing and cause unexpected injury (comprising equipment, operating personnel etc.); And can prevent gases at high pressure from refluxing by platen 5, effectively can promote that air-flow is propagated and pressure break in soil, thus further the radial crack expanded range that pressure break around spray-hole is formed be expanded.

In the present embodiment, pine is executed actuating unit 3 and also comprises for the wireway 7 by high-pressure injection air-flow importing rifle body pipe, and the inner of wireway 7 is placed in the shrinking zone of described gas channel 3-1-1, and described wireway 7 inside is provided with Venturi tube structure gas port 7-1; Wireway 7 outer end is communicated with, for high-pressure injection air-flow directly being imported the contraction section place of gas channel 3-1-1 with outside high pressure draught generation device opening/closing type; Venturi tube structure gas port can play the preliminary effect accelerating gas flow rate, together forms three grades accelerate with gas channel 3-1-1 and spray-hole 3-2-2.

In the present embodiment, wireway 7 is sealed and matched arranges can move forward and backward vertically and can close the mode of the contraction section of described gas channel 3-1-1 and described pneumatic conveyer 3-1; As shown in the figure, annular groove is provided with between the section of cooperation of pneumatic conveyer 3-1 and wireway 7 and wireway 7 outer wall, annular groove is filled with graphite packing 8, pneumatic conveyer 3-1 outer end is also provided with gland 9, gland 9 is by the tightly compacting being slidably matched with wireway 7 of graphite packing, and wireway 7 the inner can move axially the weir Duan Chu entering gas channel 3-1-1, and forms cone match with the import department at section place, weir and seal, thus closed by contraction section, and then reach the object that closed fertilizer enters; This structure can use when being only the object realizing subsoiling; Moving forward and backward for wireway 7, realize by gear & rack structure, tooth bar is arranged on the outer end tube section of wireway 7, and shell body is set, shell body is fixedly connected with pneumatic conveyer 3-1, shell body is provided with the gear of rotation, certainly also realize by pneumatic mode, by the mode of pneumatic realization be, said flow conveying plant 3-1 arranges in the housing 6 arranged a cylinder 10 again, fix inside the cylinder body 10-1 of cylinder and housing 6 upper wall, the piston rod 10-2 of this cylinder is fixedly connected with wireway 7.

In the present embodiment, air-flow spray quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 comprise fixed mount 2-1, be arranged in fixed mount 2-1 and can longitudinal dilatation store compressed air accumulation of energy part 2-2 and produce the elasticity storage power part 2-3 of elastic force by accumulation of energy part 2-2 inflate compression, the axial two ends of accumulation of energy part 2-2 at least arrange elasticity and store up power part 2-3 between one end and fixed mount 2-1; When to accumulation of energy part 2-2 inner inflatable, accumulation of energy part 2-2 holds formation accumulation of energy by longitudinal dilatation to Compressed Gas, due to the existence of fixed mount 2-1, the longitudinal dilatation of accumulation of energy part 2-2 can be compressed elasticity storage power part 2-3, in compression process, elasticity storage power part 2-3 forms storage power process, when discharging the Compressed Gas in accumulation of energy part 2-2, elasticity storage power part 2-3 causes reaction force due to elastically-deformable existences release elastic potential energy to accumulation of energy part 2-2, make the reaction velocity of Compressed Gas release in accumulation of energy part 2-2 sooner, gas flow rate is stronger.

In the present embodiment, accumulation of energy part 2-2 is air sac type structure, and accumulation of energy part 2-2 comprises pneumatophore 2-2-1, upper cover plate 2-2-2 and lower cover 2-2-3, and lower cover 2-2-3 is provided with an airflow orifice for air-flow turnover; Therein volume can be changed by the accumulation of energy part 2-2 of air sac type structure, increase Compressed Gas capacity, thus the air force energy formed when improving release, wherein, upper cover plate 2-2-2 and lower cover 2-2-3 is tightly connected with the upper and lower two-port of pneumatophore 2-2-1 respectively, the airflow orifice that lower cover 2-2-3 is arranged is communicated with pneumatophore 2-2-1 inside, and pneumatophore 2-2-1 is made up of elastomeric material.

In the present embodiment, pneumatophore 2-2-1 is provided with and prevents the radial girdle ring 2-2-4 extended out in the middle part of pneumatophore 2-2-1; Pneumatophore 2-2-1 is divided into two by girdle ring 2-2-4, be divided into bent capsule and lower bent capsule, two bent capsules form a compressed gas storage chamber respectively, namely being radially expanded of pneumatophore 2-2-1 is prevented, avoid being split up, also improve the overall contraction speed when internal compressed gas discharges of pneumatophore 2-2-1 simultaneously, and then accelerate the reaction time of accumulation of energy part 2-2 entirety.

In the present embodiment, fixed mount 2-1 is gusset formula structure, comprises upper cross plate 2-1-2 that riser 2-1-1 and one_to_one corresponding be connected with riser 2-1-1 two ends and the axial two ends of lower cross plate 2-1-3, upper cross plate 2-1-2 and lower cross plate 2-1-3 one_to_one corresponding accumulation of energy part 2-2 are arranged; Elasticity storage power part 2-3 is Compress Spring, and Compress Spring arranges two respectively between the axial two ends of described accumulation of energy part 2-2 and fixed mount 2-1.

Air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment 2 and also comprises the runner Control Component 2-4 passing in and out accumulation of energy part 2-2 for the compressed air that automatically switches, described runner Control Component 2-4 comprises valve body 2-4-1 and is arranged on the gas circuit executive module in valve body 2-4-1, the axial two ends of described valve body 2-4-1 are provided with intake valve port 2-4-2 and exhaust valve port 2-4-3, valve body 2-4-1 are also provided with the air chamber valve port 2-4-4 be communicated with described accumulation of energy part 2-2; Wherein air chamber valve port 2-4-4 is communicated with the airflow orifice of accumulation of energy part 2-2, be communicated with by Valve controlling opening/closing type, intake valve port 2-4-2 is used for outside air feed, exhaust valve port 2-4-3 is vented when being used for Compressed Gas release in accumulation of energy part 2-2, gas circuit executive module is arranged in valve body 2-4-1, can, when inflating, keep air chamber valve port 2-4-4 to be communicated with intake valve port 2-4-2, keep air chamber valve port 2-4-4 to be communicated with exhaust valve port 2-4-3 during releasing compressed gas, perform switching quick and convenient.

In the present embodiment, the back-moving spring 2-4-7 that gas circuit executive module comprises endosiphon 2-4-5, piston 2-4-6 and resets for piston 2-4-6, endosiphon 2-4-5 axially to extend to air inlet along valve body 2-4-1 from exhaust port side and exceedes air chamber valve port 2-4-4, piston 2-4-6, can arrange with the mode of stream pressure change keying endosiphon 2-4-5 inlet end, piston 2-4-6 is provided with air inlet micropore 2-4-8; As shown in the figure, when outside air feed enters from intake valve port 2-4-2, due to the existence of back-moving spring 2-4-7, endosiphon 2-4-5 inlet end is closed by piston 2-4-6, air inlet microporous connectivity intake valve port 2-4-2 and air chamber valve port 2-4-4, compressed air enters accumulation of energy part 2-2, when carrying out accumulation of energy part 2-2 internal gas and discharging fast, due to now emission gases hypertonia, piston 2-4-6 can be pushed to intake valve port 2-4-2 direction and move by compressed air, thus open endosiphon 2-4-5 inlet end, discharge through exhaust valve port 2-4-3.

What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention and unrestricted, although with reference to preferred embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to technical scheme of the present invention or equivalent replacement, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus, it is characterized in that: comprise compressed air generator, air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment and Song Shi actuating unit, described air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment and to be communicated with described compressed air generator opening/closing type for storing compressed air and can the quick-fried generation jet-stream wind of high pressure spray, and described pine is executed actuating unit and sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment with described air-flow and be communicated with and for inserting underground, high-pressure injection air-flow imported soil; Also comprise the fertilizer pumping device for carrying fertilizer malleation, described fertilizer pumping device and described pine are executed actuating unit opening/closing type and are communicated with and produce negative-pressure suction by entering the jet-stream wind that pine executes in actuating unit to fertilizer when being communicated with.
2. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pine is executed actuating unit and comprises pneumatic conveyer for conveying high-pressure jet-stream wind, gas channel and the fertilizer passage for entering fertilizer is provided with in described pneumatic conveyer, described gas channel is Venturi tube structure, and the fertilizer outlet of described fertilizer passage is communicated with the shrinking zone of described gas channel.
3. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described pine is executed actuating unit and also comprises and can insert soil and high-pressure injection air-flow is imported the airflow injection device of soil, described airflow injection device comprises the Song Shitou of tubular structure, described pine is executed head and is communicated with the expansion regions of described gas channel, and the sidewall that described pine executes head is provided with the spray-hole of venturi shape.
4. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described airflow injection device also comprises and is placed in pine and executes tapered shunting device in head, described tapered shunting device comprises chassis and is arranged at the shunting body on chassis, and the cone point of described shunting body executes the inlet end of head towards described pine.
5. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described airflow injection device also comprises the sprayed boring tool being arranged at tray bottom; The lateral wall that described pine executes head is provided with prismatic projection.
6. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described pine is executed actuating unit and also comprises for the wireway by high-pressure injection air-flow importing rifle body pipe, the inner of described wireway is placed in the shrinking zone of described gas channel, and described wireway inside is provided with Venturi tube structure gas port.
7. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described wireway is sealed and matched arranges can move forward and backward vertically and can close the mode of the contraction section of described gas channel and described pneumatic conveyer.
8. the air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to the arbitrary claim of claim 1-7, it is characterized in that: described air-flow spray quick-fried energy storage equipment comprise fixed mount, be arranged in fixed mount and can longitudinal dilatation store compressed air accumulation of energy part and produce the elasticity storage power part of elastic force by accumulation of energy part inflate compression, the axial two ends of described accumulation of energy part at least arrange described elasticity storage power part between one end and fixed mount.
9. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described accumulation of energy part is air sac type structure, and accumulation of energy part comprises pneumatophore, upper cover plate and lower cover, and described lower cover is provided with an airflow orifice for air-flow turnover.
10. air spraying-exploding type soil subsoiling deep-applicating apparatus according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described elasticity storage power part is Compress Spring, and described Compress Spring arranges two respectively between the axial two ends of described accumulation of energy part and fixed mount;
Described air-flow sprays quick-fried energy storage equipment and also comprises the runner Control Component passing in and out accumulation of energy part for the compressed air that automatically switches, described runner Control Component comprises valve body and is arranged on the gas circuit executive module in valve body, the axial two ends of described valve body are provided with intake valve port and exhaust valve port, valve body are also provided with the air chamber valve port be communicated with described accumulation of energy part.
CN201510151446.9A 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 Air spray explosion type soil deep scarification and deep fertilization device CN104798470B (en)

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CN105230213A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Three-dimensional protection soil tillage-free deep application method
CN105230204A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Self-moving deep application working vehicle
CN105340399A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Walk-itself-type operation device for three-dimensional protective non-tillage deep scarification and application
CN105409369A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-23 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Head for automatic blasting, loosening and feeding
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CN105493663A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-04-20 东北农业大学 Drum-type air pressure subsoiler
CN106612645A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 湖南春燕机械制造有限公司 Impact type loosening and ploughing device
CN107027359A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-11 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic chiselling fertilizer applicator
CN107027360A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-11 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic chiselling fertilizer applicator of packaged type
CN107041177A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-15 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic fertilizer apparatus and method of loosening the soil
CN108738419A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-11-06 成都天本地源科技有限公司 The method for carrying out soil subsoiling deep placement operation using energy storage liquefied air

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CN105230204B (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-12-05 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Automatic moving type deep placement Operation Van
CN105230204A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Self-moving deep application working vehicle
CN105230213A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-13 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Three-dimensional protection soil tillage-free deep application method
CN105409413B (en) * 2015-10-29 2018-04-03 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Air-flowing type subsoiling deep placement system
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CN105409369A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-23 四川天本生物技术有限公司 Head for automatic blasting, loosening and feeding
CN105493663A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-04-20 东北农业大学 Drum-type air pressure subsoiler
CN106612645A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 湖南春燕机械制造有限公司 Impact type loosening and ploughing device
CN107027359A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-11 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic chiselling fertilizer applicator
CN107041177A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-15 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic fertilizer apparatus and method of loosening the soil
CN107027360A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-11 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic chiselling fertilizer applicator of packaged type
CN107041177B (en) * 2017-04-10 2019-09-27 扬州大学 A kind of fertilizer apparatus and method of pneumatically loosening the soil
CN107027359B (en) * 2017-04-10 2019-08-20 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic chiselling fertilizer applicator
CN107027360B (en) * 2017-04-10 2019-10-25 扬州大学 A kind of pneumatic chiselling fertilizer applicator of packaged type
CN108738419A (en) * 2018-06-01 2018-11-06 成都天本地源科技有限公司 The method for carrying out soil subsoiling deep placement operation using energy storage liquefied air

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