CN104797762A - Building and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Building and construction method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104797762A
CN104797762A CN201380053711.9A CN201380053711A CN104797762A CN 104797762 A CN104797762 A CN 104797762A CN 201380053711 A CN201380053711 A CN 201380053711A CN 104797762 A CN104797762 A CN 104797762A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hollow cuboids
bar
fixed plate
cuboids
longitudinal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201380053711.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104797762B (en
Inventor
杨东佐
Original Assignee
杨东佐
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨东佐 filed Critical 杨东佐
Priority to PCT/CN2013/085124 priority Critical patent/WO2015051551A1/en
Publication of CN104797762A publication Critical patent/CN104797762A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104797762B publication Critical patent/CN104797762B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/14Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with beams or girders laid in two directions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2448Connections between open section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2451Connections between closed section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2457Beam to beam connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2472Elongated load-supporting part formed from a number of parallel profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2484Details of floor panels or slabs

Abstract

A building and construction method thereof; the building comprises upright columns (1), girders (4), and a floor slab formed by a frame, support pieces (5), lateral support bars (81), longitudinal support bars (82), a ceiling formwork (9) and concrete (10); the construction method comprises: setting up the upright columns (1), installing the girders (4), the frame, the support pieces (5), the lateral support bars (81) and the longitudinal support bars (82), laying the ceiling formwork (9), and pouring the concrete (10). The building and construction method thereof ensures fast construction and high strength of the building and are of low costs.

Description

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD THEREOF
Specification
A kind of building and its construction method technical field
The present invention relates to building and its construction method.Background technology
Traditional building is to realize that this mode can only be adapted to short building, and make building have big endurance, fastness good by wall of laying bricks successively from top to bottom, then require that the thickness of brick wall is thicker, therefore, material is not only taken, and the efficiency of construction is low.
Now, in order to adapt to the building of high building, most of frame structure for using reinforced concrete, the load-bearing of building mainly has frame structure to undertake, and so, the requirement to wall is relatively low so that consumptive material is few, and efficiency of construction is high.
Existing building frame structure mainly includes column, beam and floor.The forming method of column is first assembling reinforcement, then installation form, and concrete is then poured into a mould in template, finally after removed after concrete setting template formation reinforced concrete upright column.The forming method of beam is first assembling reinforcement, then installation form, and concrete is then poured into a mould in template, finally after removed after concrete setting template formation reinforced beam.The method of above-mentioned shaping column and beam is required for mounting and dismounting template, and therefore, the speed of construction is slow.The method of past shaping floor is realized by laying prefabricated board on beam, and the defect of this method is:Due to the heavier-weight of prefabricated board, therefore, labor intensity is big, and the phenomenon that prefabricated board falls easily occurs, construction is got up extremely dangerous, in addition, after prefabricated board is laid, also need to fit up smallpox, so that the construction time is extended, and cost is high.Now, the method used mostly is:First installation form, then lays reinforcing bar, then pours into a mould concrete, finally after dismantling template after concrete setting, so, substantial amounts of template can be not only used, cause the consumption of resource big, and need that template could be dismantled after the concrete has set, therefore, that constructs is long in time limit, in addition, it is necessary to be fitted up to smallpox, therefore, the construction time is extended, and cost is high.The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of building and its construction method, fast to the speed of application of building using technical scheme, the intensity of building is high, and cost is low.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme of building is:Building includes being provided with beam between column and beam, two columns;The skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids is provided between beams, the first cavity is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, in horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids The second cavity is formed between beam;Support bar is connected with by pull bar in the lower section of beam, there is gap between support bar and beam;Cross-brace bar is connected with by pull bar in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids, has gap between cross-brace bar and horizontal Hollow cuboids;Longitudinal bracing bar is connected with by pull bar in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids, has gap between longitudinal bracing bar and longitudinal Hollow cuboids;The smallpox template supported by cross-brace bar and longitudinal bracing bar is provided with the first cavity, the smallpox template supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is provided with the second cavity;There is the concrete of the horizontal Hollow cuboids of parcel and longitudinal Hollow cuboids in smallpox template upper.
Said structure, smallpox template is the smallpox on roof in future, it is not necessary to finishing separately is carried out to smallpox, because of the short time limit of this short construction of , Ke Shrink, cost is also reduced.Because concrete is coated with horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids, therefore, horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids are equivalent to the reinforcing bar in conventional floors so that the intensity of building is high;In addition, horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids are hollow, therefore, equivalent to reinforcing bar web frame, the consumption of concrete can be reduced, so as to reduce cost.Have again, described column, beam, keel shoe, support bar, cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar, pull bar, smallpox template can at the scene outside prefabricated processing, only need to install and pour into a mould concrete at the scene, therefore, site operation efficiency can be improved, site operation cost is reduced.
Further, described column is I-steel.I-shaped steel section is existing section bar, can directly take and use it, more quick relative to existing use pouring template shaping column, while cost is also low.
Further, described column includes the Hollow cuboids and connector of more than two, and connector is connected between Hollow cuboids.Described connector, which links together Hollow cuboids, to be integrally formed, therefore, and the intensity of the column is unaffected, at the same time, is had gap between Hollow cuboids, therefore, consumptive material is reduced, so as to reduce cost.
Further, described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the section of supporting member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids.The connection area of described I-shaped supporting member, the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate is big, therefore, Hollow cuboids can not only be securely attached to together, and save material, simultaneously, further fastened using connecting bolt, can further improve bonding strength.
Further, described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, and supporting member is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.The supporting member connection area of described hollow rectangle frame is big, therefore, can not only be securely attached to Hollow cuboids together, and saves material, meanwhile, further fastened using connecting bolt, can further improve bonding strength.
Further, Hollow cuboids and connector formation frame body, are coated with template skin, the structure can further improve the intensity of column, while can also protecting frame support body in the surrounding of frame body.In addition, after the completion of architecture construction, template skin can be retained on column, it is also removable to unload down.
Further, described template skin includes the section of left mould slab and right mould slab, left mould slab and right mould slab For u shapes, left mould slab and right mould slab are overlapping in junction, and are connected by screw;Trip bolt is provided between template skin and Hollow cuboids.Between floors, because the height of column is higher, template skin is divided into left mould slab and right mould slab, then is easily installed and dismantles template skin;In addition, the junction in left mould slab and right mould slab is overlapping, accordingly, it is capable to improve the bonding strength of left mould slab and right mould slab;Meanwhile, there is trip bolt between template skin and Hollow cuboids, therefore, the connection of template skin and frame body is more firm.
Further, mixed mud is cast with template is intracutaneous, further to improve the intensity of column;Meanwhile, the template skin is equivalent to traditional template, but the template skin need not be dismantled, and therefore, the speed of construction is more fast.
Further, the support foot for backbar is provided with column, to improve the bearing strength to beam.
Further, the underbeam of backbar is provided with positioned at the lower section of beam between column, to improve the bearing strength of beam.Further, the support foot for being used for supporting underbeam is provided with column, to improve the bearing strength to underbeam.Further, described beam includes more than two groups of Ji Liang, end plate and beam connection, and every group of Ji Liang includes the Hollow cuboids of more than one;Described end plate is respectively equipped with Ji Liang two ends;Described beam connection includes beam support and beam connecting bolt, beam support includes the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate and beam connecting plate, beam connecting plate is located between the first beam fixed plate and the second beam fixed plate, the section of beam support is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate on adjacent Ji Liang.The girder construction can not only save material, mitigate the weight of beam, and intensity can also reach the requirement of building.
Further, the middle part of support bar is provided with bottom-up stamping forming projection, and the projection can have to smallpox template keeps out effect, prevents smallpox template transverse shifting, smallpox template is accurately positioned with realizing.
Further, it is provided with the outer ledge of support bar and is located on the outside of beam and keeps out side higher than beam.When pouring into a mould concrete, keeping out side can prevent concrete from outwards flowing, therefore, be easy to pour into a mould floor, moreover it is possible to improve the quality of floor.
Further, it is provided with bottom-up stamping forming lateral projection at the middle part of cross-brace bar;At the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar provided with bottom-up stamping forming longitudinally convex.The horizontal and vertical projection can have to smallpox template keeps out effect, prevents smallpox template transverse shifting, smallpox template is accurately positioned with realizing.
Further, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the upper surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction is provided with top board, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the lower surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction is provided with lower platen, bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton;The upper surface for being located at skeleton in the junction of beam and skeleton is provided with top board, and the lower surface that skeleton is located in the junction of beam and skeleton is provided with lower platen, and bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton and beam.By setting top board, lower platen and bolt, then the connectivity robustness between horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal hollow rectangle can be improved, the connectivity robustness of skeleton and beam can be improved.
Further, the reinforcing bar extended to skeleton direction is provided with positioned at the top of skeleton on column, reinforcing bar is wrapped in concrete, to improve the intensity of floor.
A kind of construction method of building, comprises the following steps. (1) column is built.
(2) tie-beam between two columns.
(3) skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids is connected on beam, wherein, the first cavity is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam.
(4) support bar is connected by pull bar in the lower section of beam, the inner side edge of support bar stretches out the inner side of beam, gap is stayed between support bar and beam;Cross-brace bar is connected by pull bar in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids, horizontal Hollow cuboids are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of cross-brace bar, and gap is stayed between cross-brace bar and horizontal Hollow cuboids;Longitudinal bracing bar is connected by pull bar in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of longitudinal bracing bar, and gap is stayed between longitudinal bracing bar and longitudinal Hollow cuboids.
(5) the smallpox template by cross-brace bar and the supporting of longitudinal bracing bar is laid in the first cavity, the smallpox template supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is laid in the second cavity.
(6) after smallpox template upper concrete, casting complete, concrete is wrapped on horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids.
(7) floor is formed after concrete setting.
Above-mentioned construction method, smallpox template is the smallpox on roof in future, it is not necessary to finishing separately is carried out to smallpox, because of the short time limit of this short construction of , Ke Shrink, cost is also reduced.When pouring into a mould concrete, there is gap between beam and support bar, there is gap between horizontal Hollow cuboids and cross-brace bar, there is gap between longitudinal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal bracing bar, so, concrete can be coated with horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids, therefore, horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids are equivalent to the reinforcing bar in conventional floors so that the intensity of building is high;In addition, horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids are hollow, therefore, equivalent to reinforcing bar web frame, the consumption of concrete can be reduced, so as to reduce cost.Have again, described column, beam, keel shoe, support bar, cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar, pull bar, smallpox template can at the scene outside prefabricated processing, only need to install and pour into a mould concrete at the scene, therefore, site operation efficiency can be improved, site operation cost is reduced.
Further, the Hollow cuboids of more than two are connected to form column by connector.Described connector, which links together Hollow cuboids, to be integrally formed, therefore, and the intensity of the column is unaffected, at the same time, is had gap between Hollow cuboids, therefore, consumptive material is reduced, so as to reduce cost.
Further, described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the section of supporting member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids.The connection area of described I-shaped supporting member, the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate is big, therefore, can not only be securely attached to Hollow cuboids together, and saves material, meanwhile, utilize connection Bolt is further fastened, and can further improve bonding strength.
Further, described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, and supporting member is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.The supporting member connection area of described hollow rectangle frame is big, therefore, can not only be securely attached to Hollow cuboids together, and saves material, meanwhile, further fastened using connecting bolt, can further improve bonding strength.
Further, Hollow cuboids and connection form frame body, in the surrounding cladding mould slab of frame body, and described template skin can improve the intensity of column, while can also protecting frame support body.
Further, when pouring into a mould concrete, while to the intracutaneous cast concrete of template, further to improve the intensity of column;Meanwhile, the template skin is equivalent to traditional template, but the template skin need not be dismantled, and therefore, the speed of construction is more fast.
Further, before tie-beam, then the Weld-supporting pin on column connects the beam supported by support foot between column, to improve the supporting fastness to beam.
Further, described beam includes more than two groups of Ji Liang, end plate and beam connection, and every group of Ji Liang includes the Hollow cuboids of more than one;Described end plate is respectively equipped with Ji Liang two ends;Described beam connection includes beam support and beam connecting bolt, beam support includes the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate and beam connecting plate, beam connecting plate is located between the first beam fixed plate and the second beam fixed plate, the section of beam support is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate on adjacent Ji Liang.The girder construction can not only save material, mitigate the weight of beam, and intensity can also reach the requirement of building.
Further, the middle part of support bar is provided with bottom-up stamping forming projection, and the projection can have to smallpox template keeps out effect, prevents smallpox template transverse shifting, smallpox template is accurately positioned with realizing.It is provided with to be located on the outside of beam and higher than beam in the outer ledge of support bar and keeps out side.When pouring into a mould concrete, keeping out side can prevent concrete from outwards flowing, therefore, be easy to pour into a mould floor, moreover it is possible to improve the quality of floor.Bottom-up stamping forming lateral projection is provided with the middle part of cross-brace bar;At the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar provided with bottom-up stamping forming longitudinally convex.The horizontal and vertical projection can have to smallpox template keeps out effect, prevents smallpox template transverse shifting, smallpox template is accurately positioned with realizing.
Further, after skeleton is connected, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the upper surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction sets top board, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the lower surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction sets lower platen, bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton;The upper surface for being located at skeleton in the junction of beam and skeleton sets top board, and the lower surface that skeleton is located in the junction of beam and skeleton sets lower platen, and bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton and beam.By setting top board, lower platen and bolt, then the connectivity robustness between horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal hollow rectangle can be improved, the connectivity robustness of skeleton and beam can be improved. Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of first embodiment building.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of building when first embodiment does not pour into a mould concrete.
Fig. 3 is the exploded view of first embodiment building.
The enlarged drawing that Fig. 4 is A in Fig. 3.
The enlarged drawing that Fig. 5 is B in Fig. 3.
The enlarged drawing that Fig. 6 is C in Fig. 3.
The enlarged drawing that Fig. 7 is D in Fig. 3.
The enlarged drawing that Fig. 8 is E in Fig. 3.
Fig. 9 is the schematic cross-section of cross-brace bar.
Figure 10 is the schematic cross-section of longitudinal bracing bar.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of support foot.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of beam support.
Figure 13 is the exploded view of second embodiment building.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 14 is F in Figure 13.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 15 is G in Figure 13.
Figure 16 is the exploded view of the 3rd embodiment building.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 17 is H in Figure 16.
Figure 18 is the structural representation that ornamental strip is housed on cross-brace bar.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 19 is I in Figure 16.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 20 is J in Figure 16.
Figure 21 is the exploded view of another structure of building.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 22 is K in Figure 21.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 23 is L in Figure 21.
Figure 24 is the exploded view of another structure of building.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 25 is M in Figure 24.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 26 is N in Figure 24.
Figure 27 is the exploded view of another structure of building.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 28 is P in Figure 27.
The enlarged drawing that Figure 29 is Q in Figure 27.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction. Embodiment
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
First embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, building includes column 1, in the present embodiment, column 1 is I-steel, and I-shaped steel section is existing section bar, can directly take and use it, it is more quick relative to existing use pouring template shaping column, while cost is also low.
As shown in Figures 3 to 5, support foot 2 is installed on column 1, as shown in figure 11, support foot 2 includes fixed plate 21, support plate 22 and gusset 23, support plate 22 is connected to the upper end of fixed plate 21, support plate 22 and fixed plate 21 are in an angle of 90 degrees, and gusset 23 is connected between fixed plate 21 and support plate 22, to improve the intensity of support foot.Fixed plate 21 is welded on the side of column 1, and support plate 22 is used to support underbeam.
Underbeam 3 is welded between two horizontal and vertical adjacent upright posts, underbeam 3 is also supported by support foot 2 simultaneously, to improve the bearing capacity of underbeam and the fastness of connection.The section of underbeam 3 is C-shaped.
Between two horizontal and vertical adjacent upright posts beam 4 is provided with positioned at the top of underbeam 3.As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 6, described beam 4 includes more than two groups of base beam 41, end plate 42 and beam connection 43, and every group of base beam 41 includes a Hollow cuboids 411;Described end plate 42 is provided with Ji Liang two ends, end plate 42 is bolt-connected on column 1.As shown in fig. 6, described beam connection 43 includes beam support 431 and beam connecting bolt 432;As shown in figure 12, beam support 431 includes the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 and beam connecting plate 4313, beam connecting plate 4313 is located between the first beam fixed plate 4311 and the second beam fixed plate 4312, the section of beam support 431 is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt 432 is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 on adjacent Ji Liang.The girder construction can not only save material, mitigate the weight of beam, and intensity can also reach the requirement of building.
Support bar 5 is provided between beam 4 and underbeam 3.As shown in Figure 6, the middle part of support bar 5 is provided with bottom-up stamping forming raised 51, pull bar 6 connects support bar 5 and beam 4 through projection 51 and beam 4, there is gap between projection 51 and beam 4, it is easy to Concrete Filled in gap, described projection 51 can have to smallpox template keeps out effect, prevents smallpox template transverse shifting, smallpox template is accurately positioned with realizing.Beam 4 is stretched out in the inside edge of support bar 5, for carrying smallpox template.It is provided with to be located on the outside of beam and higher than beam in the outer ledge of support bar 5 and keeps out side 52, when pouring into a mould concrete, keeping out side 52 can prevent concrete from outwards flowing, therefore, is easy to pour into a mould floor, moreover it is possible to improve the quality of floor.
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 8, the skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 is provided between beam 4, linked together between horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 by corner brace, it is of course also possible to by being welded to connect;Skeleton is linked together with beam by corner brace;Form the first cavity 73 between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and The second cavity 74 is formed between beam.As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 7, cross-brace bar 81 is connected with by pull bar 6 in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71, as shown in Figure 9, bottom-up stamping forming lateral projection 811 is provided with the middle part of cross-brace bar 81, there is gap between cross-brace bar 81 and horizontal Hollow cuboids 71, two relative edges of described cross-brace bar 81 stretch out horizontal Hollow cuboids 71;As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 7, longitudinal bracing bar 82 is connected with by pull bar 6 in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, as shown in Figure 9, bottom-up stamping forming longitudinally convex 821 are provided with the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar, longitudinal bracing bar, there is gap between 8 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, two relative edges of longitudinal bracing bar 82 stretch out longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72.Described lateral projection 811 and longitudinally convex 821 is used to keep out smallpox template, and realization is accurately positioned to smallpox template.
As shown in figure 30, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the upper surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction is provided with top board 91, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the lower surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction is provided with lower platen 92, bolt 93 is connected on lower platen 92 through top board 91 through skeleton;The upper surface for being located at skeleton in the junction of beam and skeleton is provided with top board 91, and the lower surface that skeleton is located in the junction of beam and skeleton is provided with lower platen 92, and bolt 93 is connected on lower platen 92 through top board 91 through skeleton and beam.By setting top board 91, lower platen 92 and bolt 93, then the connectivity robustness between horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal hollow rectangle can be improved, the connectivity robustness of skeleton and beam can be improved.
The reinforcing bar 83 extended to skeleton direction is provided with positioned at the top of skeleton on column 1, reinforcing bar is wrapped in concrete.
The smallpox template 9 supported by cross-brace bar and longitudinal bracing bar is provided with the first cavity 73, the smallpox template 9 supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is provided with the second cavity 74;There is the concrete 10 of the horizontal Hollow cuboids of parcel and longitudinal Hollow cuboids in the upper of smallpox template 9, after then forming floor after concrete setting.
The construction method of above-mentioned building is.
(1) column 1 is built, the Weld-supporting pin 2 on column 1.
(2) in the horizontal and vertical directions, underbeam 3 is welded between two adjacent upright posts, in welding process, underbeam 3 is supported by support foot 2.
(3) beam connecting bolt 432 is connected on adjacent Hollow cuboids from a Hollow cuboids through the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312, the two ends that end plate 42 is welded into Ji Liang form beam 4;Support bar and beam are connected by pull bar 6, and ensure there is gap between support bar and beam;The end plate 42 of beam 4 is bolt-connected to column 1, and makes beam 4 positioned at the top of underbeam 3.
(4) horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are connected by corner brace, certainly, can also be by being welded to connect, the skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 is connected to by corner brace on beam 4, wherein, the first cavity 73 is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity 74 is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam. (5) cross-brace bar 81 is connected by pull bar 6 in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of cross-brace bar 81, and gap is stayed between cross-brace bar 81 and horizontal Hollow cuboids 71;Longitudinal bracing bar 82 is connected by pull bar 6 in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of longitudinal bracing bar 82, and gap is stayed between longitudinal bracing bar 82 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72.The reinforcing bar 83 extended to skeleton direction is welded positioned at the top of skeleton on column 1.
(6) as shown in figure 30, after skeleton is connected, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the upper surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction sets top board 91, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the lower surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction sets lower platen 92, bolt 93 is connected on lower platen 92 through top board 91 through skeleton;The upper surface for being located at skeleton in the junction of beam 4 and skeleton sets top board 91, and the lower surface that skeleton is located in the junction of beam and skeleton sets lower platen 92, and bolt is connected on lower platen 92 through top board 91 through skeleton and beam.
(7) the smallpox template 9 that laying is supported by cross-brace bar and longitudinal bracing bar in the first cavity 73, the smallpox template 9 that laying is supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar in the second cavity 74.
(8) after the upper concrete 10 of smallpox template 9, casting complete, concrete 10 is wrapped on horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, reinforcing bar 83 and beam, and beam is hidden in described beam formation.
(9) floor is formed after concrete setting.
In the present embodiment, smallpox template 9 is the smallpox on roof in future, it is not necessary to finishing separately is carried out to smallpox, because of the short time limit of this short construction of , Ke Shrink, cost is also reduced.Because concrete 10 is coated with horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, therefore, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are equivalent to the reinforcing bar in conventional floors so that the intensity of building is high;In addition, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are hollow, equivalent to reinforcing bar web frame, therefore, the consumption of concrete can be reduced, so as to reduce cost.Have again, described column, beam, keel shoe, support bar, cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar, pull bar, smallpox template can at the scene outside prefabricated processing, only need to install and pour into a mould concrete at the scene, therefore, site operation efficiency can be improved, site operation cost is reduced.
The building is due to being provided with column 1, underbeam 3 and floor, and beam, which is wrapped in concrete, forms concealed beam, therefore, forms the building of the beam slab rod structure of Chinese style.Second embodiment.
As shown in figure 13, building includes column 1, in the present embodiment, and column 1 is I-steel, and I-shaped steel section is existing section bar, can directly take and use it, more quick relative to existing use template shaping column, while cost is also low.
As shown in figure 13, support foot 2 is installed on column 1, as shown in figure 11, support foot 2 includes fixed plate 21, support plate 22 and gusset 23, and support plate 22 is connected to the upper end of fixed plate 21, support plate 22 and fixed plate 21 In an angle of 90 degrees, gusset 23 is connected between fixed plate 21 and support plate 22, to improve the intensity of support foot.Fixed plate 21 is welded on the side of column 1, and support plate 22 is used for backbar 4.
Beam 4 is provided between two horizontal and vertical adjacent upright posts.As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, described beam 4 includes more than two groups of base beam 41, end plate 42 and beam connection 43, and every group of base beam 41 includes a Hollow cuboids 411;Described end plate 42 is respectively equipped with Ji Liang two ends, end plate 42 is bolt-connected on column 1.As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, described beam connection 43 includes beam support 431 and beam connecting bolt 432;As shown in figure 12, beam support 431 includes the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 and beam connecting plate 4313, beam connecting plate 4313 is located between the first beam fixed plate 4311 and the second beam fixed plate 4312, the section of beam support 431 is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt 432 is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 on adjacent Ji Liang.The girder construction can not only save material, mitigate the weight of beam, and intensity can also reach the requirement of building.
Support bar 5 is provided with the lower section of beam 4.As shown in figure 14, pull bar 6 connects support bar 5 and beam 4 through support bar 5 and beam 4, and support bar is supported by support foot, so as to also play supporting beam action, there is gap between support bar 5 and beam 4, be easy to Concrete Filled in gap.Beam 4 is stretched out in the inside edge of support bar 5, for carrying smallpox template.It is provided with to be located on the outside of beam and higher than beam in the outer ledge of support bar 5 and keeps out side 52, when pouring into a mould concrete, keeping out side 52 can prevent concrete from outwards flowing, therefore, it is easy to pour into a mould floor, the matter of floor can also be improved as shown in Figure 13 and Figure 15, the skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 is provided between beam 4, is linked together between horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 by corner brace;Skeleton is linked together with beam by corner brace;The first cavity 73 is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity 74 is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam.As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 15, longitudinal bracing bar 82 is connected with by pull bar 6 in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, as shown in Figure 9, bottom-up stamping forming longitudinally convex 821 are provided with the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar, there is gap between longitudinal bracing bar 82 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, two relative edges of longitudinal bracing bar 82 stretch out longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72.Described longitudinally convex 821 are used to keep out smallpox template, and realization is accurately positioned to smallpox template.
The reinforcing bar 83 extended to skeleton direction is provided with positioned at the top of skeleton on column 1, reinforcing bar is wrapped in concrete.Provided with the smallpox template 9 supported by longitudinal bracing bar in the first cavity 73, the smallpox template 9 supported by longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is provided with the second cavity 74;There is the concrete 10 of the horizontal Hollow cuboids of parcel and longitudinal Hollow cuboids in the upper of smallpox template 9, after then forming floor after concrete setting.
The construction method of above-mentioned building is;
(1) column 1 is built, the Weld-supporting pin 2 on column 1.
(2) by beam connecting bolt 432 from a Hollow cuboids through the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 It is connected on adjacent Hollow cuboids, the two ends that end plate 42 is welded into Ji Liang form beam 4;Support bar and beam are connected by pull bar 6, and ensure there is gap between support bar and beam;The end plate 42 of beam 4 is bolt-connected to column 1, support bar is supported by support foot.
(3) horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are connected by corner brace, the skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 is connected to by corner brace on beam 4, wherein, the first cavity 73 is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity 74 is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam.
(4) longitudinal bracing bar 82 is connected by pull bar 6 in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of longitudinal bracing bar 82, and gap is stayed between longitudinal bracing bar 82 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72.The reinforcing bar 83 extended to skeleton direction is welded positioned at the top of skeleton on column 1.
(6) the smallpox template 9 that laying is supported by longitudinal bracing bar in the first cavity 73, the smallpox template 9 that laying is supported by longitudinal bracing bar and support bar in the second cavity 74.
(7) after the upper concrete 10 of smallpox template 9, casting complete, concrete 10 is wrapped on horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, beam 4 and reinforcing bar 83.
(8) floor is formed after concrete setting.
In the present embodiment, smallpox template 9 is the smallpox on roof in future, it is not necessary to finishing separately is carried out to smallpox, because of the short time limit of this short construction of , Ke Shrink, cost is also reduced.Because concrete 10 is coated with horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, therefore, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are equivalent to the reinforcing bar in conventional floors so that the intensity of building is high;In addition, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are hollow, equivalent to reinforcing bar web frame, therefore, the consumption of concrete can be reduced, so as to reduce cost.Have again, described column, beam, keel shoe, support bar, cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar, pull bar, smallpox template can at the scene outside prefabricated processing, only need to install and pour into a mould concrete at the scene, therefore, site operation efficiency can be improved, site operation cost is reduced.
The building is due to being provided with column 1, beam 4 and floor, and beam 4 is wrapped to form concealed beam by concrete, and the lower surface of floor and beam is substantially flush, and therefore, forms the building of American plate-column structure.3rd embodiment.
As shown in figure 16, building includes column 1, in the present embodiment, and column 1 is I-steel, and I-shaped steel section is existing section bar, can directly take and use it, more quick relative to existing use template shaping column, while cost is also low.
As shown in figure 16, support foot 2 is installed on column 1, as shown in figure 11, support foot 2 includes fixed plate 21, support plate 22 and gusset 23, and support plate 22 is connected to the upper end of fixed plate 21, support plate 22 and fixed plate 21 In an angle of 90 degrees, gusset 23 is connected between fixed plate 21 and support plate 22, to improve the intensity of support foot.Fixed plate 21 is welded on the side of column 1, and support plate 22 is used for backbar.
Between two horizontal and vertical adjacent upright posts beam 4 is provided with positioned at the top of underbeam 3.As shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17, the beam 4 stated includes more than two groups of base beam 41, end plate 42 and beam connection 43, and every group of base beam 41 includes two Hollow cuboids 411;Described end plate 42 is respectively equipped with Ji Liang two ends, end plate 42 is bolt-connected on column 1.As shown in Figure 16 and Figure 17, described beam connection 43 includes beam support 431 and beam connecting bolt 432;As shown in figure 12, beam support 431 includes the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 and beam connecting plate 4313, beam connecting plate 4313 is located between the first beam fixed plate 4311 and the second beam fixed plate 4312, the section of beam support 431 is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt 432 is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312 on adjacent Ji Liang.The girder construction can not only save material, mitigate the weight of beam, and intensity can also reach the requirement of building.
Support bar 5 is provided with the lower section of beam 4.As shown in figure 17, the supporting part 513 that support bar 5 includes support connecting plate 511, the support extension 512 that the inside edge of self-supporting connecting plate 511 is upwardly extended and self-supporting extension 512 stretch out.As shown in figure 17, pull bar 6 connects support bar 5 and beam 4 through supporting plate 511 and beam 4, and support bar is supported by support foot, so as to also play supporting beam action, there is gap between support bar 5 and beam 4, be easy to Concrete Filled in gap.Supporting part 513 stretches out beam 4, for carrying smallpox template.It is provided with to be located on the outside of beam and higher than beam in the outer ledge of support bar 5 and keeps out side 52, supporting plate 511, support extension 512 and keep out side 52 formed storage tank 55, beam 4 is positioned in storage tank 55, when pouring into a mould concrete, keeping out side 52 can prevent concrete from outwards flowing, therefore, it is easy to pour into a mould floor, moreover it is possible to improve the quality of floor.
As shown in figure 16, the skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 is provided between beam 4, is linked together between horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 by corner brace;Skeleton is linked together with beam by corner brace;The first cavity 73 is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity 74 is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam.As shown in figure 16, cross-brace bar 81 is connected with by pull bar 6 in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71, lateral projection 811 is provided with the middle part of cross-brace bar 81, as shown in figure 18, it is opposite with lateral projection and corresponding position is provided with clamping groove 812 in the lower surface of cross-brace bar 81, decorative panel 10a is equipped with clamping groove 812, as shown in figure 20, decorative panel 10a includes plate body 10al, the connecting plate 10a2 being located on the plate body 10al and snap fit 10a3 being located on connecting plate 10a2, described snap fit 10a3 holdings are in clamping groove 812, there is gap between cross-brace bar 81 and horizontal Hollow cuboids 71, two relative edges of described cross-brace bar 81 stretch out horizontal Hollow cuboids 71.As shown in figure 16, longitudinal bracing bar 82 is connected with by pull bar 6 in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, as shown in figure 19, longitudinally convex 821 are provided with the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar, clamping groove 822 is provided with lower surface and the longitudinally convex opposite and corresponding position of longitudinal bracing bar 82, decorative panel 10a is equipped with clamping groove 822, as shown in figure 20, decorative panel 10a include plate body 10al, The connecting plate 10a2 being located on the plate body 10al and snap fit 10a3 being located on connecting plate 10a2, described snap fit 10a3 holdings are in clamping groove 822, there is gap between longitudinal bracing bar 82 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, two relative edges of longitudinal bracing bar 82 stretch out longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72.Described longitudinally convex 821 are used to keep out smallpox template, and realization is accurately positioned to smallpox template.
The reinforcing bar 83 extended to skeleton direction is provided with positioned at the top of skeleton on column 1, reinforcing bar is wrapped in concrete.The smallpox template 9 supported by cross-brace bar and longitudinal bracing bar is provided with the first cavity 73, the smallpox template 9 supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is provided with the second cavity 74;There is the concrete 10 of the horizontal Hollow cuboids of parcel and longitudinal Hollow cuboids in the upper of smallpox template 9, after then forming floor after concrete setting.
The construction method of above-mentioned building is;
(1) column 1 is built, the Weld-supporting pin 2 on column 1.
(2) beam connecting bolt 432 is connected on adjacent Hollow cuboids from a Hollow cuboids through the first beam fixed plate 4311, the second beam fixed plate 4312, the two ends that end plate 42 is welded into Ji Liang form beam 4;Support bar and beam are connected by pull bar 6, and ensure there is gap between support bar and beam;The end plate 42 of beam 4 is bolt-connected to column 1, support bar is supported by support foot.
(3) horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are connected by corner brace, the skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 is connected to by corner brace on beam 4, wherein, the first cavity 73 is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity 74 is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam.
(4) longitudinal bracing bar 82 is connected by pull bar 6 in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of longitudinal bracing bar 82, and gap is stayed between longitudinal bracing bar 82 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72.The reinforcing bar 83 extended to skeleton direction is welded positioned at the top of skeleton on column 1.
(6) the smallpox template 9 that laying is supported by longitudinal bracing bar in the first cavity 73, the smallpox template 9 that laying is supported by longitudinal bracing bar and support bar in the second cavity 74.
(7) after the upper concrete 10 of smallpox template 9, casting complete, concrete 10 is wrapped on horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 and reinforcing bar 83.
(8) floor is formed after concrete setting.
(9) holding decorative panel 10a is distinguished on cross-brace bar 81 and longitudinal bracing bar 82.
In the present embodiment, smallpox template 9 is the smallpox on roof in future, it is not necessary to finishing separately is carried out to smallpox, because of the short time limit of this short construction of , Ke Shrink, cost is also reduced.Because concrete 10 is coated with horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72, therefore, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are equivalent to the reinforcing bar in conventional floors so that the intensity of building is high;In addition, horizontal Hollow cuboids 71 and longitudinal Hollow cuboids 72 are hollow, equivalent to reinforcing bar web frame, therefore, the consumption of concrete can be reduced, so as to reduce cost.Further, Described column, beam, keel shoe, support bar, cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar, pull bar, smallpox template can at the scene outside prefabricated processing, only need to install and pour into a mould concrete at the scene, therefore, site operation efficiency can be improved, site operation cost is reduced.
The building is wrapped to form concealed beam due to being provided with column 1, beam 4 and floor, beam 4 by concrete, and described support bar is less than floor, therefore, forms the building of American plate-column structure.4th embodiment.
As shown in figure 21, building includes column 1, and as shown in Figure 22 and Figure 23, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member 121 and connecting bolt 122, supporting member 121 includes the first fixed plate 1211, the second fixed plate 1212, connecting plate 1213, connecting plate 1213 is located between the first fixed plate 1211 and the second fixed plate 1212, the section of supporting member 121 is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt 122 connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate 1211, the second fixed plate 1212 and another Hollow cuboids.The connection area of described I-shaped supporting member, the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate is big, therefore, Hollow cuboids can not only be securely attached to together, and save material, simultaneously, further fastened using connecting bolt, can further improve bonding strength.
In addition to column, other structures are as first embodiment.5th embodiment.
As shown in figure 21, building includes column 1, and as shown in Figure 22 and Figure 23, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member 121 and connecting bolt 122, supporting member 121 includes the first fixed plate 1211, the second fixed plate 1212, connecting plate 1213, connecting plate 1213 is located between the first fixed plate 1211 and the second fixed plate 1212, the section of supporting member 121 is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt 122 connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate 1211, the second fixed plate 1212 and another Hollow cuboids.The connection area of described I-shaped supporting member, the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate is big, therefore, Hollow cuboids can not only be securely attached to together, and save material, simultaneously, further fastened using connecting bolt, can further improve bonding strength.
In addition to column, other structures are as second embodiment.6th embodiment.
As shown in figure 21, building includes column 1, and as shown in Figure 22 and Figure 23, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member 121 and connecting bolt 122, and supporting member 121 includes the first fixed plate 1211, the second fixed plate 1212, connecting plate 1213, and connecting plate 1213 is located at Between first fixed plate 1211 and the second fixed plate 1212, the section of supporting member 121 is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt 122 connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate 1211, the second fixed plate 1212 and another Hollow cuboids.The connection area of described I-shaped supporting member, the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate is big, therefore, Hollow cuboids can not only be securely attached to together, and save material, simultaneously, further fastened using connecting bolt, can further improve bonding strength.
In addition to column, other structures are as the 3rd embodiment.7th embodiment.
As shown in figure 24, building includes column 1, and as illustrated in figs. 25 and 26, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member 123 and connecting bolt 122, and supporting member 123 is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt 122 connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
In addition to column, other structures are as first embodiment.8th embodiment.
As shown in figure 24, building includes column 1, and as illustrated in figs. 25 and 26, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member 123 and connecting bolt 122, and supporting member 123 is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt 122 connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
In addition to column, other structures are as second embodiment.9th embodiment.
As shown in figure 24, building includes column 1, and as illustrated in figs. 25 and 26, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member 123 and connecting bolt 122, and supporting member 123 is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt 122 connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
In addition to column, other structures are as the 3rd embodiment.Tenth embodiment.
As shown in figure 27, building includes column 1.As shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member and connecting bolt.Supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, and connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, props up The section of bearing member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids;Certain supporting member can also be hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
As shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, Hollow cuboids 11 and connector formation frame body, template skin 20 is coated with the surrounding of frame body.Described template skin 20 includes left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202, and the section of left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202 is U-shaped, and left mould slab 201 is overlapping in junction with right mould slab 202, and is connected by screw;Trip bolt is provided between template skin 20 and Hollow cuboids.Between floors, because the height of column is higher, template skin is divided into left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202, then is easily installed and dismantles template skin;In addition, it is overlapping with the junction of right mould slab 202 in left mould slab 201, accordingly, it is capable to improve the bonding strength of left mould slab and right mould slab;Meanwhile, there is trip bolt between template skin and Hollow cuboids, therefore, the connection of template skin and frame body is more firm.
In addition to column, other structures are as first embodiment.The embodiments of ^ mono-.
As shown in figure 27, building includes column 1.As shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member and connecting bolt.Supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the section of supporting member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids;Certain supporting member can also be hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
As shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, Hollow cuboids 11 and connector formation frame body, template skin 20 is coated with the surrounding of frame body.Described template skin 20 includes left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202, and the section of left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202 is U-shaped, and left mould slab 201 is overlapping in junction with right mould slab 202, and is connected by screw;Trip bolt is provided between template skin 20 and Hollow cuboids.Between floors, because the height of column is higher, template skin is divided into left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202, then is easily installed and dismantles template skin;In addition, it is overlapping with the junction of right mould slab 202 in left mould slab 201, accordingly, it is capable to improve the bonding strength of left mould slab and right mould slab;Meanwhile, there is trip bolt between template skin and Hollow cuboids, therefore, the connection of template skin and frame body is more firm.
In addition to column, other structures are as second embodiment. 12nd embodiment.
As shown in figure 27, building includes column 1.As shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, described column 1 includes the Hollow cuboids 11 and connector 12 of more than two.Described connector 12 includes supporting member and connecting bolt.Supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the section of supporting member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids;Certain supporting member can also be hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
As shown in Figure 28 and Figure 29, Hollow cuboids 11 and connector formation frame body, template skin 20 is coated with the surrounding of frame body.Described template skin 20 includes left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202, and the section of left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202 is U-shaped, and left mould slab 201 is overlapping in junction with right mould slab 202, and is connected by screw;Trip bolt is provided between template skin 20 and Hollow cuboids.Between floors, because the height of column is higher, template skin is divided into left mould slab 201 and right mould slab 202, then is easily installed and dismantles template skin;In addition, it is overlapping with the junction of right mould slab 202 in left mould slab 201, accordingly, it is capable to improve the bonding strength of left mould slab and right mould slab;Meanwhile, there is trip bolt between template skin and Hollow cuboids, therefore, the connection of template skin and frame body is more firm.
In addition to column, other structures are as the 3rd embodiment.

Claims (27)

  1. Claims
    1. described beam is provided between a kind of building, including column and beam, two columns;It is characterized in that:The skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids is provided between beams, the first cavity is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam;Support bar is connected with by pull bar in the lower section of beam, there is gap between support bar and beam;Cross-brace bar is connected with by pull bar in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids, has gap between cross-brace bar and horizontal Hollow cuboids;Longitudinal bracing bar is connected with by pull bar in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids, has gap between longitudinal bracing bar and longitudinal Hollow cuboids;The smallpox template supported by cross-brace bar and longitudinal bracing bar is provided with the first cavity, the smallpox template supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is provided with the second cavity;There is the concrete of the horizontal Hollow cuboids of parcel and longitudinal Hollow cuboids in smallpox template upper.
    2. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described column is I-steel.
    3. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described column includes the Hollow cuboids and connector of more than two, and connector is connected between Hollow cuboids.
    4. building according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the section of supporting member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids.
    5. building according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, and supporting member is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
    6. the building according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:Hollow cuboids and connector formation frame body, template skin is coated with the surrounding of frame body.
    7. building according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Described template skin includes left mould slab and right mould slab, and the section of left mould slab and right mould slab is U-shaped, and left mould slab and right mould slab are overlapping in junction, and are connected by screw;Trip bolt is provided between template skin and Hollow cuboids.
    8. building according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Mixed mud is cast with template is intracutaneous.
    9. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The support foot for backbar is provided with column.
    10. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The underbeam of backbar is provided with positioned at the lower section of beam between column.
    11. building according to claim 10, it is characterised in that:The support foot for being used for supporting underbeam is provided with column.
    12. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described beam includes more than two groups of Ji Liang, end plate and beam connection, and every group of Ji Liang includes the Hollow cuboids of more than one;Described end plate is provided with Ji Liang two ends;Described beam connection includes beam support and beam connecting bolt, beam support includes the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate and beam connecting plate, beam connecting plate is located between the first beam fixed plate and the second beam fixed plate, the section of beam support is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate on adjacent Ji Liang.
    13. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The middle part of support bar is provided with bottom-up stamping forming projection.
    14. the building according to claim 1 or 13, it is characterised in that:It is provided with to be located on the outside of beam and higher than beam in the outer ledge of support bar and keeps out side.
    15. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Bottom-up stamping forming lateral projection is provided with the middle part of cross-brace bar;At the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar provided with bottom-up stamping forming longitudinally convex.
    16. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the upper surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction is provided with top board, it is located at horizontal Hollow cuboids in the lower surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction is provided with lower platen, bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton;The upper surface for being located at skeleton in the junction of beam and skeleton is provided with top board, and the lower surface that skeleton is located in the junction of beam and skeleton is provided with lower platen, and bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton and beam.
    17. building according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The reinforcing bar extended to skeleton direction is provided with positioned at the top of skeleton on column, reinforcing bar is wrapped in concrete.
    18. the construction method of-kind of building, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1) column is built;
    (2) tie-beam between two columns;
    (3) skeleton being made up of horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids is connected on beam, wherein, the first cavity is formed between two adjacent transverse Hollow cuboids and two adjacent longitudinal Hollow cuboids, the second cavity is formed between horizontal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids and beam;
    (3) support bar is connected by pull bar in the lower section of beam, the inner side edge of support bar stretches out the inner side of beam, gap is stayed between support bar and beam;Cross-brace bar is connected by pull bar in the lower section of horizontal Hollow cuboids, horizontal Hollow cuboids are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of cross-brace bar, and gap is stayed between cross-brace bar and horizontal Hollow cuboids;Longitudinal bracing bar is connected by pull bar in the lower section of longitudinal Hollow cuboids, longitudinal Hollow cuboids are stretched out on the two opposite sides side of longitudinal bracing bar, and gap is stayed between longitudinal bracing bar and longitudinal Hollow cuboids; (4) the smallpox template by cross-brace bar and the supporting of longitudinal bracing bar is laid in the first cavity, the smallpox template supported by cross-brace bar, longitudinal bracing bar and support bar is laid in the second cavity;
    (5) after smallpox template upper concrete, casting complete, concrete is wrapped on horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids;
    (6) floor is formed after concrete setting.
    19. architecture construction method according to claim 18, it is characterised in that:The Hollow cuboids of more than two are connected to form column by connector.
    20. architecture construction method according to claim 19, it is characterised in that:Described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, supporting member includes the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate, connecting plate, connecting plate is located between the first fixed plate and the second fixed plate, the section of supporting member is I-shaped, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, the first fixed plate, the second fixed plate and another Hollow cuboids.
    21. architecture construction method according to claim 19, it is characterised in that:Described connector includes supporting member and connecting bolt, and supporting member is hollow rectangle frame, and described connecting bolt connects Hollow cuboids and supporting member through a Hollow cuboids, supporting member and another Hollow cuboids.
    22. the architecture construction method according to claim 20 or 21, it is characterised in that:Hollow cuboids and connection form frame body, in the surrounding cladding mould slab of frame body.
    23. architecture construction method according to claim 22, it is characterised in that:When pouring into a mould concrete, while to the intracutaneous cast concrete of template.
    24. architecture construction method according to claim 18, it is characterised in that:Before tie-beam, then the Weld-supporting pin on column connects the beam supported by support foot between column.
    25. architecture construction method according to claim 18, it is characterised in that:Described beam includes more than two groups of Ji Liang, end plate and beam connection, and every group of Ji Liang includes the Hollow cuboids of more than one;Described end plate is respectively equipped with Ji Liang two ends;Described beam connection includes beam support and beam connecting bolt, beam support includes the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate and beam connecting plate, beam connecting plate is located between the first beam fixed plate and the second beam fixed plate, the section of beam support is I-shaped, and described beam connecting bolt is worn from one group of Ji Liang and is connected to through the first beam fixed plate, the second beam fixed plate on adjacent Ji Liang.
    26. architecture construction method according to claim 18, it is characterised in that:The middle part of support bar is provided with bottom-up stamping forming projection;It is provided with to be located on the outside of beam and higher than beam in the outer ledge of support bar and keeps out side;Bottom-up stamping forming lateral projection is provided with the middle part of cross-brace bar;At the middle part of longitudinal bracing bar provided with bottom-up stamping forming longitudinally convex.
    27. architecture construction method according to claim 18, it is characterised in that:After skeleton is connected, horizontal Hollow cuboids are located in the upper surface of skeleton and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction sets top board, in the lower surface position of skeleton Lower platen is set in horizontal Hollow cuboids and longitudinal Hollow cuboids junction, bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton;The upper surface for being located at skeleton in the junction of beam and skeleton sets top board, and the lower surface that skeleton is located in the junction of beam and skeleton sets lower platen, and bolt is connected on lower platen through top board through skeleton and beam.
CN201380053711.9A 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Building and construction method thereof Active CN104797762B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/CN2013/085124 WO2015051551A1 (en) 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Building and construction method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104797762A true CN104797762A (en) 2015-07-22
CN104797762B CN104797762B (en) 2017-05-17

Family

ID=52812470

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201380053711.9A Active CN104797762B (en) 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Building and construction method thereof

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104797762B (en)
WO (1) WO2015051551A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106759863A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 广州电力机车有限公司 A kind of modularization steel house frame structure
CN106978851A (en) * 2016-01-19 2017-07-25 张跃 A kind of building construction method

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5050360A (en) * 1990-04-18 1991-09-24 Alcan Aluminum Corporation Suspended ceiling panel
AU1270295A (en) * 1993-12-20 1995-07-10 R.A.R. Consultants Ltd. Earthquake, wind resistant and fire resistant pre-fabricated building panels and structures formed therefrom
CN201241395Y (en) * 2008-07-30 2009-05-20 姜维山 Wall type frame hollow wall structural member
CN101353911A (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-01-28 冯国添 Building floor and producing method thereof
CN101487291A (en) * 2009-02-09 2009-07-22 刘馨裕 Assembly node and construction method of prefabricated hollow beam and column
US20130014466A1 (en) * 2011-01-22 2013-01-17 Michael Fowler Eggers Xpost and xbeam
CN203716283U (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-07-16 杨东佐 Building

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106978851A (en) * 2016-01-19 2017-07-25 张跃 A kind of building construction method
CN106759863A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-05-31 广州电力机车有限公司 A kind of modularization steel house frame structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104797762B (en) 2017-05-17
WO2015051551A1 (en) 2015-04-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203113553U (en) Prefabricated concrete frame-shear wall structure
CN101538896B (en) Construction method for jettied structure at high attitude of high-rise building
CN105256713B (en) Half assembled steel concrete combination beam and its method of construction
CN203097016U (en) Assembled-type concrete frame shear wall structure
CN104018582A (en) Prestressed concrete beams and slabs with flexural steel bars at upper portions and frame structure system
CN207419520U (en) Piping lane construction template component
CN101560803B (en) Construction method of reinforced concrete truss conversion layer structure
CN107905114A (en) A kind of construction method of large span Successive interference cancellation
CN106088327B (en) The production method of assembling frame column based on 3D printing
CN205100082U (en) Prefabricated assembly type steel reinforced concrete combination beam bridge
CN104797762A (en) Building and construction method thereof
CN204356896U (en) Based on the assembling Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns that 3D prints
CN105332506A (en) Formwork support system for parallel multi-section stair and method for constructing same
CN203716283U (en) Building
CN105133770A (en) Roof structure of underpass inlet
CN205577208U (en) Hollow coincide floor of close rib of rectangle truss -like
CN205369709U (en) Two -sided composite beam
CN105821750B (en) A kind of precast prestressed T plate and its application method
CN101324086A (en) Construction method of large-span box variable cross-section reinforcement concrete arch
KR20140139272A (en) A beam mold and a saddle moving and supporting the beam mold
CN203905172U (en) Hollow column assembly type frame system easy to install
CN208266661U (en) Cable-stayed bridge wide cut beam lattice main beam structure and combinations thereof template system
CN203066033U (en) Curved slope concrete climbing form
CN206143988U (en) Coincide assembled concrete ribbed floor structure system
CN107882243B (en) A kind of cassette ceiling and construction method of concrete-filled rectangular steel tube waffle beam structure

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
EXSB Decision made by sipo to initiate substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant