CN104787333B - A kind of low latitude single track, the electric airplane for flying thereon and its flying method - Google Patents

A kind of low latitude single track, the electric airplane for flying thereon and its flying method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104787333B
CN104787333B CN201510145161.4A CN201510145161A CN104787333B CN 104787333 B CN104787333 B CN 104787333B CN 201510145161 A CN201510145161 A CN 201510145161A CN 104787333 B CN104787333 B CN 104787333B
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China
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track
wing
speed control
cabin
control lifter
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201510145161.4A
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CN104787333A (en
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王文平
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王文平
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/60Efficient propulsion technologies, e.g. for aircraft

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of electric airplane, the electric airplane without navigation system, without runway, can in-orbit takeoff and landing at any time, without self-powered, its construction is:Cabin is separated with wing, between cabin and wing by one or it is several perpendicular to ground speed control lifter connection, in speed control lifter insertion track set, speed control lifter can be lifted with the speed of flight speed, track set is connected on the outside of the low latitude single track parallel to ground by upper and lower two rail wheels, it is to drive the motor of propeller by the slide circuit on speed control lifter and is aircraft vectoring course parallel to the low latitude single track on ground, meanwhile, electric airplane realizes in-orbit landing at any time by the low latitude single track parallel to ground.The bottom of speed control lifter can also hang electric automobile to realize the in-orbit flight of electric automobile.Electric airplane load of the invention is big, voyage is remote, environmentally friendly, noise is low, pollution-free, economical and practical, is a kind of vehicles of following Green Travel.

Description

A kind of low latitude single track, the electric airplane for flying thereon and its flying method
【Technical field】The present invention be with regard to a kind of electric airplane, it is particularly a kind of on the low latitude single track parallel to ground The not self-powered electric airplane of flight.
【Background technology】At present, the aircraft major part of airflight must all carry electromotor, from carrying fuel, electromotor and combustion The weight of material greatly reduces the payload of aircraft, and the carrying amount of fuel again limits flight, and fuel also explodes Danger, the emission after fuel combustion also pollutes environment, and the manufacturing technology of electromotor is high-end, accurate, navigation system phase Work as complexity, the manufacturing cost and flight cost that disadvantages mentioned above result in aircraft is all very high.
For these reasons, people have invented self-powered electric airplane again, this aircraft although no electromotor, Not carrying fuel, have the advantages that it is certain, but the weight of the power supply such as accumulator for carrying is still too big, affects effective load of aircraft Lotus, meanwhile, it is self-powered to need to charge, flight is limited, and, the payload of this aircraft is little, and practicality is very It is low.
Above two aircraft is required for by runway takeoff and landing, and one side runway will take substantial amounts of ground, another Aspect aircraft is dangerous maximum in takeoff and landing, technical requirements highest.
Current track traffic provides a convenient efficiently trip mode, but as track traffic needs laying flat Straight track, takes ground, and bridge beats tunnel, and with high content of technology, cost of investment is very high.
【The content of the invention】The purpose of the present invention, be provide it is a kind of without self-powered electric airplane, there is provided nothing carry The wing of the electric airplane of power supply is fixed-wing, or rotary wings.
The present invention also aims to, by provide it is a kind of can track set in carry out controllable lift speed control lifter come The in-orbit landing without electrically self-powered aircraft is realized, and the slide circuit controlled on lifter with the speed is the wing of airflight The motor of propeller is driven before lower or cabin, cabin can be hung in the bottom of speed control lifter and can also be hung electronic Automobile, realizes the in-orbit flight of electric automobile.
The present invention also aims to, to provide a kind of course that can guide with power supply without self-powered electric airplane Parallel to the low latitude single track on ground.
Final object of the present invention be to provide it is a kind of without self-powered electric airplane for its navigation and power Method parallel to flying on the low latitude single track on ground.
The invention provides a kind of electric airplane, the electric airplane, in-orbit at any time can take off without runway without navigation system And landing, without self-powered, mainly by cabin, wing, propeller, motor, tailplane, vertical tail, control system and Landing buffer unit is constituted, and its structural features are:Cabin is separated with wing, by speed control lifter connection between cabin and wing, Cabin is suspended on speed control lifter bottom, and wing is arranged on speed control lifter top;The outer cabin head front end of cabin is provided with motor The propeller of driving, is provided with mechanical manipulation system and electrical equipment control system in cabin;Wing afterbody be provided with vertical tail and Tailplane;In ground insertion track set, track set is connected to parallel speed control lifter by upper and lower two rail wheels On the outside of the low latitude single track on ground, track set afterbody is provided with fixed-direction rudder;Speed control lifter and the combination on the outer cabin top of cabin The buffer unit that takes off is installed above portion, drop buffer is installed below speed control lifter and wing joint portion.
The wing of above-mentioned electric airplane is fixed-wing, and the propeller of motor-driven, wing afterbody peace are provided with wing Equipped with elevator and rudder, wing flap is installed on aerofoil surface;The wing of above-mentioned electric airplane can also be rotary wings, rotation By motor-driven, wing tail is provided with tailplane to the wing, is provided with tail-rotor on wing tail vertical beam.
The speed control lifter of above-mentioned electric airplane can be risen as the random wing slip of the speed of flight speed is dynamic in track set Lifting brake unit and the slip for motor are installed on drop, the lateral wall of speed control lifter and the medial wall of track set Circuit arrangement, the speed control lifter being connected between wing and cabin is one or several;The bottom of the speed control lifter can also Electric automobile is hung, the slide circuit on speed control lifter used for electric vehicle is powered, and realizes the in-orbit flight of electric automobile.
The present invention also provides power supply for above-mentioned electric airplane and guides the low latitude single track parallel to ground in course, this The composition of single track is:The single track is the rail for having rail wheel edge up and down, and rail is arranged on the one of the horizontal gird of supporting track Side, the rail and horizontal gird degree in a vertical angle in same level, another side of horizontal gird is installed in perpendicular to ground The column top in face;The combination of multiple above-mentioned rail, horizontal gird and column constitutes flight track;Subsurface below track is buried Supply line is provided with, lifter is controlled with speed by the connection track set being laid on column and horizontal gird in the supply line On slide circuit be motor.The above-mentioned horizontal gird for being provided with rail can also be symmetrically mounted on column top two Side, forms two-way flight track.
Present invention also offers the method that above-mentioned electric airplane flies on the above-mentioned low latitude single track parallel to ground, this Method is:Switch on power, under the collective effect of propeller and wing, speed control lifter slides in track set and rises, meanwhile, Horizontally advance in the control lower edge track of rudder;When the buffer unit on cabin top touches track set bottom, in lifting Under the control of system, wing, speed control lifter and cabin stop rising, along track horizontal flight;When aircraft needs landing, Under the control of control system, flight speed slows down, and wing, speed control lifter and cabin decline, meanwhile, lift brake unit and water Flat brake unit is braked jointly, and cabin is landed, and flight stops.
The Advantageous Effects of the present invention:First, payload and voyage are greatly improved:Because without electromotor and fuel, Also without navigation system, aircraft own wt mitigates, and payload increases, and due to being that ground power supply is powered, voyage is not limited by electricity Make and increase, simultaneously as being low altitude flight, the span and flying height can be designed to be able to the ratio using ground effect Example, makes payload be doubled and redoubled.
2nd, environment protecting is good:Because being motor-driven flight, pollutant almost zero-emission, because cabin and wing point From the little noise of cabin internal vibration is low, more comfortably.
3rd, it is safe:Not from carrying fuel, it is to avoid the danger of blast, without the in-orbit controllable landing of runway, it is to avoid running The danger of landing on road, parallel to the low latitude single track flight on ground, away from ground closer to lower, safety is higher for cabin.
4th, practicality is higher:Without navigation system, without electromotor, without self-powered and without from carrying fuel, above-mentioned setting is avoided Standby to design, manufacture and install high-end, accurate and complicated technical barrier, simple structure, practicality are higher.
5th, it is good in economic efficiency:Without navigation system, without electromotor, without self-powered and without from these simple structures of carrying fuel The advantage relatively low with technical difficulty, necessarily makes aircraft cost lower, more economical, parallel to the low latitude single track on ground, does not account for With ground, do not build a bridge, do not beat tunnel, quantities is less than track traffic, and cost is lower, electricity consumption replaces fuel oil, and price is more Low, economic benefit is more preferable.
6th, application is wider:Cabin is separated with wing, each independent, when manufacturing and designing, is independent of each other, changeable, can Suitable for main line or the needs of branch line flight;Speed control lifter bottom can hang electric automobile, and not account for road surface, can be used for city Traffic.
Below in conjunction with the preferred embodiment for illustrating electric airplane of the present invention.
【Description of the drawings】Fig. 1 is the embodiment schematic diagram of fixed-wing electric airplane of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the embodiment schematic diagram of rotary wings electric airplane of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that the embodiment that the track set of electric airplane of the present invention and the unilateral low latitude single track parallel to ground are combined is illustrated Figure.
Fig. 4 is the two-way low latitude single track embodiment schematic diagram parallel to ground of electric airplane flight of the present invention.
Component codes in figure:Cabin 11 is fixed 12 rotary wings of wing, 13 speed 14 track of control lifter and covers 15 vertical ends The wing 16
Low latitude single track 18 landing buffer unit 19 propeller 20 of the tailplane 17 parallel to ground
23 column of tail-rotor 21 motor, 22 horizontal gird, 24 rail wheel 25
【Specific embodiment】Other parts of the wing and cabin and composition aircraft of the present invention all adopt present generation aircraft Method for designing and design and manufacture technology manufacture.As shown in figure 1, wing 12 is a kind of fixed-wing, the shape of fixed-wing can also It is designed to the straight wing, swept-back wing and dalta wing etc.;As shown in Fig. 2 wing 13 is rotary wings.Due to wing of the present invention and cabin point From manufacturing and designing for wing can not be affected by cabin, and wing may be designed to more favourable flight and improve the shape of lift.The present invention Cabin wing separate, therefore, manufacturing and designing for cabin is not also affected by wing, be may be designed to more favourable flight and is improved aircraft The shape of load.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, speed control lifter 14 of the invention should manufacture and design one according to the needs of Aircraft Load Root or many are connecting wing 12 and cabin 11;Speed control lifter 14 should use the strong on-deformable material manufacture of resistance to tension, The slide circuit of the power supply of motor 22, speed control lifter 14 and machine should be installed as on side wall of the speed control lifter 14 by track Landing buffer unit 19 is installed below 12 junction surface of the wing, landing is installed above speed control lifter 14 and 11 junction surface of cabin and is delayed Flushing device 19.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, track of the invention set 15 is connected to parallel and ground by upper and lower two rail wheels 25 , there is contact corresponding with slide circuit on speed control lifter 14 in the outside of the low latitude single track 18 in face on a medial wall of track set 15 Slide circuit, has lifting brake unit on other three medial wall of track set, level braking device is provided with rail wheel 25.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2,12 afterbody of fixed wing of the invention is provided with vertical tail 16 and tailplane 17, in rotation Tail-rotor 21 is installed on favourable turn 13 wing tail vertical beam of the wing;The propeller 20 of the driving of motor 22 is installed in cabin outer cabin head front end, Install below fixed wing 12
The propeller 20 for having motor 22 to drive, rotary wings 13 are driven by motor 22.
As shown in figure 3, the present invention parallel to the composition of the low latitude single track 18 on ground is unidirectionally, a steel single track 18 is connected to One side of horizontal gird 23, both degree in a vertical angle, another side of horizontal gird 23 are connected to the top of column 24.
As shown in figure 4, the composition of the two-way parallel low latitude single track with ground of the present invention is, in the column 24 perpendicular to ground The opposite side on top, installs one group of symmetrical horizontal gird 23 and steel single track 18.
Especially, it is emphasized that as the electric airplane of the present invention is in-orbit flight, designing wing 12 and speed control lifter During 14 engagement, the angle that wing 12 all around swings must be provided, meanwhile, wing 12 controls 14 junction surface of lifter with speed Be given due to collapsing length required when wing is fluctuated up and down during flight.
Column of the present invention 24, speed control lifter 14, relation when designing between flying height and the span;
Column 24 is highly equal with speed control lifter 14,
Flying height is 2 times of speed control lifter length,
If the payload of aircraft will be strengthened using ground effect, the span is about 2 times of flying height.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of electric airplane, the electric airplane without navigation system, without runway, can in-orbit takeoff and landing at any time, without from powered Source, mainly by cabin, wing, propeller, motor, tailplane, vertical tail, control system and landing buffer unit group Into it is characterized in that:Cabin is separated with wing, and by the speed control lifter connection perpendicular to ground between cabin and wing, cabin hangs In speed control lifter bottom, wing is arranged on speed control lifter top;The outer cabin head front end of cabin is provided with the spiral shell of motor-driven Rotation oar, is provided with mechanical manipulation system and electrical equipment control system in cabin;Wing afterbody is provided with tailplane and vertical tail; In ground insertion track set, track set is connected to parallel to the low of ground speed control lifter by upper and lower two rail wheels On the outside of empty single track, track set afterbody is provided with fixed-direction rudder;Install above speed control lifter and the joint portion on the outer cabin top of cabin Take off buffer unit, is provided with drop buffer below speed control lifter and wing joint portion.
2. electric airplane according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Wherein described wing is fixed-wing, is installed under wing There is the propeller of motor-driven, wing afterbody is provided with elevator and rudder, and wing flap is provided with airfoil.
3. electric airplane according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Wherein described wing is rotary wings, and rotary wings are by electricity Motivation drives, and wing tail is provided with tailplane, is provided with tail-rotor on empennage vertical beam.
4. electric airplane according to claim 1, is characterized in that:Wherein described speed control lifter can be in track set With the dynamic lifting of the random wing slip of the speed of flight speed, liter is installed on the lateral wall of speed control lifter and the medial wall of track set Drop brake unit and the slide circuit device for motor, the above-mentioned speed control lifter being connected between cabin and wing is one Root is several.
5. electric airplane according to claim 1, is characterized in that:The bottom of wherein described speed control lifter is to hang dress Put, for hanging electric automobile, the slide circuit on speed control lifter used for electric vehicle is powered.
6. a kind of electric airplane for aiming at claim 1 is powered and guides the low latitude single track parallel to ground in course, its feature It is:This single track is the rail for having rail wheel edge up and down, and rail is arranged on a side of the horizontal gird of supporting track, rail With horizontal gird in same level degree in a vertical angle;Another side of horizontal gird is installed in the column top perpendicular to ground End;The combination of multiple above-mentioned rail, horizontal gird and column constitutes flight track;Subsurface below track is embedded with supply lines Road, the supply line are electric with the slip on speed control lifter by the connection track set being laid on column and horizontal gird Road is motor.
7., according to the low latitude single track parallel to ground described in claim 6, it is characterized in that:The described of rail is wherein installed Horizontal gird is to be symmetrically mounted on column top both sides, forms two-way flight track.
8. a kind of method that electric airplane of claim 1 flies on the low latitude single track parallel to ground of claim 6, its It is characterized in that:Switch on power, under the collective effect of propeller and wing, speed control lifter slides in track set and rises, while Horizontally advance in the control lower edge track of rudder;When the buffer unit on cabin top touches the lower curtate of track set, rising Under the control of drop system, wing, speed control lifter and cabin stop rising, along track horizontal flight;When aircraft needs landing, Under the control of control system, flight speed slows down, wing, speed control lifter and cabin decline, meanwhile, lifting brake unit and Level braking device is braked jointly, and cabin is landed, flight stops.
CN201510145161.4A 2015-03-21 2015-03-21 A kind of low latitude single track, the electric airplane for flying thereon and its flying method Expired - Fee Related CN104787333B (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3557704A (en) * 1968-04-19 1971-01-26 Tracked Hovercraft Ltd Electro-magnetically propelled vehicle
DE3906727A1 (en) * 1989-03-03 1990-09-06 Hankins Vehicle which can be moved along a rail
CN1113869A (en) * 1994-05-26 1995-12-27 刘奥宇 Cabled motor-driven air-cushion air craft
CN1349907A (en) * 2000-10-24 2002-05-22 许武智 Three similar kinds of flyer and their orbit facilities
CN1446729A (en) * 2002-03-26 2003-10-08 刘毅 Low altitude aircraft with power supplied by wired electricity
CN101580117A (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-18 北京新漩世为科技有限公司 Lower wing upper cabin device
CN201520295U (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-07-07 叶高峰 Rail transit system
CN201710952U (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-01-19 渠仁书 Suspension cable type low-altitude flight system
CN102267568A (en) * 2010-06-04 2011-12-07 谭黎渊 Line aircraft

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8015925B2 (en) * 2009-06-18 2011-09-13 Simon Abner J Air bus transportation system

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3557704A (en) * 1968-04-19 1971-01-26 Tracked Hovercraft Ltd Electro-magnetically propelled vehicle
DE3906727A1 (en) * 1989-03-03 1990-09-06 Hankins Vehicle which can be moved along a rail
CN1113869A (en) * 1994-05-26 1995-12-27 刘奥宇 Cabled motor-driven air-cushion air craft
CN1349907A (en) * 2000-10-24 2002-05-22 许武智 Three similar kinds of flyer and their orbit facilities
CN1446729A (en) * 2002-03-26 2003-10-08 刘毅 Low altitude aircraft with power supplied by wired electricity
CN101580117A (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-11-18 北京新漩世为科技有限公司 Lower wing upper cabin device
CN201520295U (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-07-07 叶高峰 Rail transit system
CN201710952U (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-01-19 渠仁书 Suspension cable type low-altitude flight system
CN102267568A (en) * 2010-06-04 2011-12-07 谭黎渊 Line aircraft

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