CN104787226B - A kind of Multi-functional disome ship - Google PatentsA kind of Multi-functional disome ship Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN104787226B CN104787226B CN201510113644.6A CN201510113644A CN104787226B CN 104787226 B CN104787226 B CN 104787226B CN 201510113644 A CN201510113644 A CN 201510113644A CN 104787226 B CN104787226 B CN 104787226B
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- asphalt felt
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- Expired - Fee Related
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- Y02—TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02A—TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
- Y02A20/00—Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
- Y02A20/20—Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
- Y02A20/204—Keeping clear the surface of open water from oil spills
The invention discloses a kind of Multi-functional disome ship, including two unit hulls (6), it is connected deck (7), reject gate (2), loop web automatic assembling apparatus (3), band collar netting (5), fixed litter (4), affect rope, automatic knotting device (8), machine automatization control cabinet (9), asphalt felt supports roller bearing (10) and asphalt felt (11), described two unit hulls (6) are connected and are symmetrical arranged by connected deck (7), bow (1) inner side of each unit hull (6) is provided with rotatable reject gate (2), length after two reject gates (2) closure is the spacing of two unit hulls (6)；Loop web automatic assembling apparatus (3) and band collar netting (5) are additionally provided between two unit hulls (6)；Connected deck (7) are provided with automatic knotting device (8) and machine automatization control cabinet (9)；The afterbody of unit hull (6) is provided with asphalt felt and supports roller bearing (10), and asphalt felt supports to be rolled up on roller bearing (10) asphalt felt (11).It is arranged net using the space in catamaran and realizes various functions such as clear drift oil suction, aquatic product transportation, fishing cultivation, efficient rescue and water safety swimming.
The present invention relates to type shipbuilding technology and environmental protection technical field, specifically a kind of Multi-functional disome ship.
The existing reservoir of China is big and small ten hundreds of, and each trunk river mainstream branch flow distribution is numerous, and aggregate storage capacity reaches ten thousand Floating object quantity and rule that billion cubic meter, annual retaining season, reservoir filling region upstream and surrounding massif bank slope are brought into water Mould all can not be ignored, and also into the routine work that each reservoir is annual, at present, the mode of water surface treatment floating object is usual for clear drift work There are two kinds, a kind of mode is artificial salvaging, using cleaning tools such as the rope made of hemp, rake, spades on bank or by ship to garbage on water Directly carry out salvaging directly salvaging, another way is to carry out water surface cleaning using different types of floating debris cleaning boat, and two ways is equal There is a problem of low salvaging efficiency, waste of manpower, power consumption is higher, it is comprehensive to be difficult to and thorough removing lake surface floating object.
At present, the living aquatic product transportation resources for having developed mainly have mechanical transport, low-temperature transport, oxygenation transport, Anesthesia transport, dormancy transport and simulation 6 kinds of forms such as On Transportaion of Live, but generally existing transport survival rate is low, cost of transportation is high Problem.The Fishing technology of current aquatic products is mainly fished for including off-grid, purse seine fishing, gill net are fished for and is shocked by electricity and biology is induced etc. Method, it is higher manually to fish for labour intensity, shocks by electricity larger to fish damage；Also needed in the aquaculture process of fish pond lake and reservoir Having ship carries out feeding and cleaning.At present the extensive shipwreck that is caused for burst accident and crowd it is overboard be also required to it is tight Anxious efficient large-scale rescue ship carries out life-saving to overboard crowd and hull.In addition with Chinese large-sized reservoir dam engineering The extensive of measure is built, as the excellent place entertained for high-grade tourism and leisure, water have been developed in the waters of external dam reservoir area The cleaning greening in Kuku area waters and the development trend in amusement tourism direction have turned into inevitable.
Above-described various operation at sea, the completion of its work is mostly that special ship is special, this considerably increases work Complexity, the problem for causing human resources redundancy and purchasing ship somewhat expensive.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to propose the sky in a kind of utilization catamaran in order to avoid above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art Between arrange net the clear drift oil suction of realization, aquatic product transportation, efficiently fishing cultivation, rescue and water safety swimming Multi-functional disome ship.
A kind of Multi-functional disome ship of the present invention, including two unit hulls 6, the deck 7 that is connected, reject gates 2, loop web are automatic Device 3, band collar netting 5 are assembled, litter 4 is fixed, is affected rope, automatic knotting device 8, machine automatization control cabinet 9, asphalt felt Support roller bearing 10 and asphalt felt 11, described two unit hulls 6 are connected and are symmetrical arranged, each unit ship by the deck 7 that is connected The inner side of bow 1 of body 6 is provided with rotatable reject gate 2, and the length after the closure of two reject gate 2 is the spacing of two unit hulls 6； Loop web automatic assembling apparatus 3 and band collar netting 5 are additionally provided between two unit hulls 6；Connected deck 7 is provided with to be beaten automatically Knot device 8 and machine automatization control cabinet 9；The afterbody of unit hull 6 is provided with asphalt felt support roller bearing 10, asphalt felt support roller bearing 10 Upper volume has asphalt felt 11.
The outer shape of described two unit hulls 6 is streamline or broken-line type, and the inner side of unit hull 6 is smooth vertical Plane.
The reject gate 2 is permeable net door, for the space between two hulls to be closed during closure, is used for ship during opening The rubbish of body direct of travel is classified.
The loop web automatic assembling apparatus 3, its structural principle is identical with full-automatic small u ring inserters on the market, Only need to carry out correspondence transformation according to hull characteristics.
Described is netting that selvage circle has smooth collar consolidation with collar netting 5.
The fixed litter 4 is the cuboid framework that 10 litter are connected to two-by-two, and four longitudinal directions are disposed along hull direction Litter 20, wherein two are placed in certain distance and hull consolidation on the water surface and are connected, two be placed under water certain depth with it is vertical The consolidation of litter 18 is connected；Along four vertical litter 18 in depth of water direction, wherein two are placed in bow and are connected with hull consolidation, two Stern is placed in be connected with hull consolidation；Perpendicular to two horizontal litter 19 in hull direction, one is placed in bow and is consolidated with hull It is connected, one is placed in stern and is connected with hull consolidation.
It is described to affect rope to be fixedly linked with the control ring with collar netting 5, it is connected with slip ring nesting, connected mode is similar to In the slip ring and curtain rope of curtain.
Intelligent motor control system is mounted with the machine automatization control cabinet 9, for control the assembling with collar netting, The scrolling and release of pinching and asphalt felt.
Operation principle of the invention is：Using the advantage of catamaran inherently safe good stability, using two hull units Between huge space arrange net, the principle of simulation refuse bag and electrically driven curtain realizes the work(of the efficiently automatic clear drift oil suction of catamaran Energy；Can carry out oxygen exchange simultaneously and fish aquatic products can be accommodated with natural water using cloth web area between catamaran to realize short distance Water route preserving active transport；Using can longitudinal extension control-rod regulation net depth under water carry out harvest season middle-size and small-size fish pond Fishes fishing；The pier in aquaculture process is can act also as using the advantage of the catamaran big good stability in space in itself Feeding is carried out to be worked with small range cleaning；Can be by adjusting net further for urgent overboard crowd and small-sized overboard ship Depth carries out efficient urgent rescue and improves rescue efficiency；In addition such as the sightseeing tour ship of the larger reservoir of the depth of water, using binary Huge space between ship being arranged net an on-water swimming pool for safety of can also build.This Multi-functional disome ship exactly will be various waterborne The function of operation rolls into one, and the characteristics of using catamaran safety and stability and big free space, realizes " net is multiplex ", " a ship It is multiplex ".
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：
1st, the ship of system synthesis one is multiplex：This kind of catamaran is arranged net using the space between two hulls, and realization is clear to float oil suction, water The catamaran for transporting, fishing cultivation, efficiently rescue and the various functions of water safety swimming is produced, can be used for large reservoir, inland lake Pool, transport river course, the cultivation waters such as fish pond and coastal waters area.It is multiplex so as to realize the multiplex net of a ship, reduce work Manpower used and energy consumption, also greatly reduce purchase ship cost.
2nd, machine automatization is recycled：The catamaran is various mechanical devices required for realizing various functions in existing section Intelligent machine Automated condtrol can be realized under skill level, use it is simple and convenient safe and reliable, in addition used by the ship Band collar netting can directly be manufactured by netting producer, can detachably be assembled while clean and reuse can also be carried out, realization is followed repeatedly Ring is used, cost-effective.
3rd, safe and efficient principle is simple：The packing of analogy refuse bag and electronic drawing curtain when the catamaran carries out floating oil suction clearly Life principle is applied to the water surface and floats clearly, while the big cleaning efficiency of mesh space is high between two hulls, the floating object received Rubbish can be shipped directly to the ripe nearby urban house refuse recycling factory of technical merit and carry out classification recovery, greatly simplify The later stage garbage disposal operation of rubbish；When carrying out aquatic product transportation it is not only with low cost and also due to be running water transport also carry significantly The fresh-keeping rate of survival of aquatic products high；It is then that directly make use of catamaran in itself to middle-size and small-size breed in stew when fish for cultivation Carry out feeding cleaning and harvest fishing operation, be greatly improved its operating efficiency；Then substantially increased during life-saving Rescue speed and efficiency that large vessel sinking causes casualties, are further equipped with associated medical devices or even can develop into not 120 ambulance ship waterborne for coming；When as sightseeing tour ship time waterborne, then one is built using the netting laid between two hulls The waterborne removable swimming pool of safety, this be also during the greening of following Reservoir Travel a rather optimistic amusement of application prospect stop Not busy function.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is three-dimensional axle side schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is plane schematic top plan view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is front view of the invention.
Fig. 4 is left view of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation with collar netting.
Fig. 6 is the distribution map for fixing litter in hull.
Marked in figure：1- bows, 2- reject gates, 3- loop web automatic assembling apparatus, 4- fixes litter, 5- band set endless cables Net, 6- unit hulls, 7- is connected deck, 8- automatic knottings device, 9- machine automatization control cabinets, 10- asphalt felts support roller bearing, 11- asphalt felts, 12- net bottom control rings, 13- selvage circle control rings, 14- selvage circle slip rings, 15- vertically fixes affecting on litter Rope, rope is affected on the longitudinally fixed litter of 16- selvages circle, and the affect rope, 18- on the longitudinally fixed litter of 17- net bottoms are erected To litter, 19- transverse direction litter, 20- longitudinal directions litter.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, a kind of Multi-functional disome ship of the invention, by two unit hulls, be connected deck, reject gate, set Looped network automatic assembling apparatus, band collar netting, fixed litter, affect rope, automatic knotting device, machine automatization control cabinet, inhale Malthoid support roller bearing, asphalt felt 11 represent functional part and other ships indispensability basic structure composition.Realize difference in functionality When need corresponding simple adjustment is carried out to each part.
Two unit hulls are connected as a catamaran, catamaran bow pair at a distance of certain space by the deck that is connected Claim the reject gate that fan can rotate around the axis of arrangement two, installing one after reject gate at bow will can automatically install with collar netting Mechanical device onto fixed litter, adjacent hull needs to set along the longitudinally fixed of four, hull direction between two hulls Litter, four vertical fixed litter along depth of water direction and two perpendicular to hull direction laterally fix litter.Affect rope It is fixedly linked with the control ring with collar netting, is worn with slip ring and be freely connected so that band collar netting can affecting rope The lower edge for affecting of rope is fixed litter track and is moved freely.Affect the rope can be by the similar electrically driven curtain in machine automatization control cabinet Intelligent motor control system automatically control, when this kind of catamaran is used for clear drift oil suction operation, band collar netting can be in motor Affect under net pinching is beaten at the automatic knotting device being fixed on connected deck from bow stern both direction Knot, the band collar netting that floating object rubbish is then filled after packing can flow towards stern automatically under flow action, near stern Direction sets two asphalt felts support roller bearings on two hulls, can be rolled up on roller bearing and put asphalt felt, asphalt felt bottom directly with The water surface connects, and can automatically be stretched under flow action, and the water surface to filtered floating object rubbish carries out secondary oil suction treatment, Being drawn through the asphalt felt after oil can be directly placed at stern is flowed towards with net on collar netting, complete clear drift oil suction once Work, fills floating object rubbish and is covered with being sling simultaneously by the rubbish towboat of the row with ship with collar netting for asphalt felt in surface simultaneously Bank is transported to, transfers to garbage disposal plant to unify to carry out classification recycling.When short distance aquatic product transportation operation, principle with Clear drift oil suction is substantially similar, it is only necessary to change the correspondence band collar netting of the go-no-go for meeting some strength requirement.When For fishing during cultivation operation, only the certain mouth for meeting some strength requirement need to be simultaneously changed by increasing the depth of vertical litter The correspondence band collar netting in footpath.Net between need to only allowing overboard crowd all pockets to stand in two hulls when operation is given first aid to In, further rescued again afterwards.When the sightseeing tour ship as the larger reservoir of the depth of water builds on-water swimming pool, only need to adjust The depth under water of whole net, meets certain security intensity requirement.
Two unit hulls therein are the monohulls of the load intensity requirement for meeting certain, and ship peripheral shape uses streamline Or broken-line type hull, to reduce fluid resistance, ship inner side is smooth straight plane in order to arrange band collar netting.
Connected deck therein is the common deck for meeting certain altitude and intensity requirement, it is necessary to allow to fill the band of rubbish Collar netting is passed through.
Reject gate therein is the permeable net door for meeting some strength requirement, just can be by the sky between two hulls during closure Between close, the rubbish of hull direct of travel can be classified during opening, for the larger inconvenience of volume include net in huge drift Float can directly be allocated to hull both sides, and direct being sling by towboat is transported after huge floating object flows towards stern along hull.
Loop web automatic assembling apparatus therein are a common motive power machine device, only need will with affected rope What is connected is directly sleeved on four four longitudinally fixed litter along hull direction i.e. with collar netting by eight control rings Can.Its structural principle is identical with full-automatic small u ring inserters on the market, only needs to carry out correspondence transformation i.e. according to hull characteristics Can.
Therein is netting that selvage circle has smooth collar consolidation with collar netting, for the realization of difference in functionality operation, It must is fulfilled for its corresponding strength of materials, size and bore requirement.Band collar netting can be repeatedly circulated.
Fixed litter therein is the light litter part for meeting some strength requirement, disposes four longitudinal directions sliding along hull direction Pole, wherein two are placed in certain distance on the water surface and are connected with hull consolidation, two are placed in certain depth under water and vertical litter Consolidation is connected；Along four vertical litter in depth of water direction, wherein two are placed in bow and are connected with hull consolidation, two are placed in stern It is connected with hull consolidation；Perpendicular to two horizontal litter in hull direction, one is placed in bow and is connected with hull consolidation, and one is put It is connected with hull consolidation in stern.
It is therein to affect rope to be fixedly linked with the control ring with collar netting, it is connected with slip ring nesting, similar to curtain Slip ring and curtain rope.
Automatic knotting device therein can carry out letter using existing frenulum automatic knotting machine, the net that pinching can be got up Singles' knot sealing.
Intelligent motor control system is mounted with machine automatization control cabinet therein, for controlling the dress with collar netting With, pinching and scrolling and the release of asphalt felt.It is the electric machine of mechanical automation.
Asphalt felt support roller bearing therein is to be fixedly arranged at the roller bearing on the inside of two hull ships, there is phase connecting rod between two bearings Part spool, volume has the asphalt felt of the in the market of adsorbable water oil stain on spool, and roller bearing can be rotated by Mechanical course in control cabinet With release.
1. a kind of Multi-functional disome ship, including two unit hulls (6), be connected deck (7), two unit hulls (6) are by solid Even deck (7) are connected and are symmetrical arranged, it is characterised in that：Also include reject gate (2), loop web automatic assembling apparatus (3), band set Endless cable net (5), fixed litter (4), affect rope, automatic knotting device (8), machine automatization control cabinet (9), asphalt felt back-up roller Axle (10) and asphalt felt (11), bow (1) inner side of each unit hull (6) are provided with rotatable reject gate (2), two sortings Length after door (2) closure is the spacing of two unit hulls (6)；Loop web is additionally provided between two unit hulls (6) to fill automatically With device (3) and band collar netting (5)；Connected deck (7) are provided with automatic knotting device (8) and machine automatization control cabinet (9)； The afterbody of unit hull (6) is provided with asphalt felt and supports roller bearing (10), and asphalt felt supports to be rolled up on roller bearing (10) asphalt felt (11)；
The fixed litter (4) is the cuboid framework that 10 litter are connected to two-by-two, disposes four longitudinal directions sliding along hull direction Pole (20), wherein two are placed in certain distance and hull consolidation on the water surface and are connected, two be placed under water certain depth with it is vertical Litter (18) consolidation is connected；Along four vertical litter (18) in depth of water direction, wherein two are placed in bow and are connected with hull consolidation, Two are placed in stern and are connected with hull consolidation；Perpendicular to two horizontal litter (19) in hull direction, one is placed in bow and ship Body consolidation is connected, and one is placed in stern and is connected with hull consolidation；
The reject gate (2) is permeable net door, for the space between two hulls to be closed during closure, is used for hull during opening The rubbish of direct of travel is classified.
2. Multi-functional disome ship as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that：The outer shape of described two unit hulls (6) It is streamline or broken-line type, the inner side of unit hull (6) is the plane of smooth vertical.
3. Multi-functional disome ship as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that：Band collar netting (5) has light for selvage circle The netting of sliding sleeve ring consolidation.
4. Multi-functional disome ship as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that：It is described to affect rope and with collar netting (5) Control ring is fixedly linked, and is connected with slip ring nesting.
5. Multi-functional disome ship as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that：It is mounted with the machine automatization control cabinet (9) Intelligent motor control system, scrolling and release for controlling the assembling with collar netting, pinching and asphalt felt.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510113644.6A CN104787226B (en)||2015-03-16||2015-03-16||A kind of Multi-functional disome ship|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201510113644.6A CN104787226B (en)||2015-03-16||2015-03-16||A kind of Multi-functional disome ship|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN104787226A CN104787226A (en)||2015-07-22|
|CN104787226B true CN104787226B (en)||2017-06-16|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201510113644.6A Expired - Fee Related CN104787226B (en)||2015-03-16||2015-03-16||A kind of Multi-functional disome ship|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN104787226B (en)|
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|DE3134208A1 (en) *||1981-08-29||1983-04-28||Krupp Gmbh||"WATER VEHICLE WITH DEVICES FOR SUCTIONING AND RECEIVING SUBSTANCES DRIVING ON THE WATER SURFACE"|
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|EXSB||Decision made by sipo to initiate substantive examination|
|SE01||Entry into force of request for substantive examination|
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20170616
Termination date: 20200316
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee|