CN104786575A - Asbestos-based laminate, manufacturing method and application thereof - Google Patents

Asbestos-based laminate, manufacturing method and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104786575A
CN104786575A CN201410025334.4A CN201410025334A CN104786575A CN 104786575 A CN104786575 A CN 104786575A CN 201410025334 A CN201410025334 A CN 201410025334A CN 104786575 A CN104786575 A CN 104786575A
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China
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layer
asbestos
carbon fiber
graphite powder
basic unit
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CN104786575B (en
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陆维
胡腾
赵宇峰
张明
杨胜
薛艳芳
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NATIONAL NUCLEAR POWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Co Ltd Of Core Hua Qing (beijing) Nuclear Power Technology Research And Development Centre Of State
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NATIONAL NUCLEAR POWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Co Ltd Of Core Hua Qing (beijing) Nuclear Power Technology Research And Development Centre Of State
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Abstract

The invention relates to an asbestos-based laminate suitable for being used as a sealing gasket. The invention also relates to a manufacturing method of the asbestos-based laminate, and an application of the asbestos-based laminate in sealing methods. Compared with asbestos-based products in the prior art, the asbestos-based laminate disclosed in the invention has basically equal sealing and heat insulation performances, and has the advantages of great reduction of the use amount of asbestos, and excellent self-lubrication property and resilience.

Description

A kind of asbestos basic unit zoarium, its manufacture method and application thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of asbestos basic unit fit, the asbestos basic unit being suitable as (high temperature resistant) gasket seal in particular to one is fit.The invention still further relates to the manufacture method of this asbestos basic unit zoarium and the application in encapsulating method (such as refractory seals, especially high temperature resistant static seal) thereof.
Background technology
Sealing (such as refractory seals, especially high temperature resistant static seal) has demand widely in fields such as chemical industry, fluid machinery, electric power and thermal hydraulic tests.For this reason, researcher both domestic and external have developed multiple high-temperature resistant sealing pad, being most widely used wherein with asbestos base gasket seal.
Asbestos base gasket seal for base material manufactures, inevitably gives out a large amount of asbestos dusts with asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate in manufacture and use procedure.It is known that asbestos dust except causing except asbestosis in contactee, also easily bring out the malignant tumour such as lung cancer and malignant mesothelioma.Therefore, the hazard to person serious due to it and environmental hazard, the cry of countries in the world forbidding asbestos grows to even greater heights in recent years.At present, developed country has forbidden producing and restriction use asbestos.But in view of its significantly outstanding thus estimable sealing, heat resistance and heat-proof quality, in a lot of application, the application that especially environment is comparatively severe, asbestos base gasket seal is still that other gasket seal institutes are irreplaceable.
In addition, in some application, such as, in thermal hydraulic test, except requiring sealing, heat resistance and heat-proof quality, also wish that gasket seal shows suitable self lubricity and rebound performance, fully to adapt to thermal stress or the thrust change of to be sealed.But existing asbestos base gasket seal does not have these performances.
Also there is similar problem in other asbestos based articles.
Therefore, current present situation is, still need a kind of asbestos basic unit fit, while sealing, heat resistance and heat-proof quality that maintenance is substantially suitable compared with the asbestos based articles (such as asbestos base gasket seal) of prior art, significantly can reduce the consumption of asbestos, and have excellent self lubricity and rebound performance concurrently.
Summary of the invention
The present inventor finds through diligent research on the basis of existing technology, by to carry out a part of asbestos (fiber) in alternative prior art asbestos based articles with powdered graphite according to specific mode, just can solve foregoing problems, and this completes the present invention.
Specifically, the present invention relates to the content of following aspect.
1. an asbestos basic unit is fit, it is characterized in that, comprises asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and is positioned at the graphite powder last layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) on described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed one or both sides.
2. fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of aforementioned aspect, wherein between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described graphite powder last layer, also comprise metal tooth plate or metal otter board.
3. fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of aforementioned aspect, in described graphite powder last layer, wherein also there is n carbon fiber-containing layer and n graphite powder last layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) of adding further, wherein n is the arbitrary integer (arbitrary integer preferably between 1 to 10) between 1 to 100, n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n graphite powder last layer of adding exist in an alternating manner, and described carbon fiber-containing layer is selected from carbon fiber layer, asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, or the lamilated body of carbon fiber layer described at least one and asbestos fibre described at least one-carbon fiber composite bed.
4. fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of aforementioned aspect, wherein said asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed is the mixed layer of asbestos fibre and carbon fiber, at least one asbestos fibre layer and the lamilated body of at least one carbon fiber layer or the lamilated body of mixed layer described at least one and lamilated body described at least one.
5. fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of aforementioned aspect, wherein the thickness of each described asbestos fibre layer is 0.3-10mm (preferred 1-5mm), the thickness of each described carbon fiber layer is 0.2-1mm (preferred 0.3-0.5mm), the thickness of each described graphite powder last layer is 0.2-2mm (preferred 0.5-1mm), the thickness of each described mixed layer is 0.3-10mm (preferred 1-5mm), and the thickness of each described metal tooth plate or metal otter board is 0.2-2mm (preferred 0.3-0.5mm).
6. the manufacture method of an asbestos basic unit zoarium, it is characterized in that, comprise the step of laminated powdered graphite layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) on the one or both sides of asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, be optionally also included in the step introducing metal tooth plate or metal otter board between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described graphite powder last layer.
7. according to the manufacture method described in any one of aforementioned aspect, wherein also further laminated n carbon fiber-containing layer and n additional graphite powder last layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) in described graphite powder last layer, wherein n is the arbitrary integer (arbitrary integer preferably between 1 to 10) between 1 to 100, n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n additional graphite powder last layer is laminated in an alternating manner, and described carbon fiber-containing layer is selected from carbon fiber layer, asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, or the lamilated body of carbon fiber layer described at least one and asbestos fibre described at least one-carbon fiber composite bed.
8., according to the manufacture method described in any one of aforementioned aspect, wherein said asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed is the mixed layer of asbestos fibre and carbon fiber, at least one asbestos fibre layer and the lamilated body of at least one carbon fiber layer or the lamilated body of mixed layer described at least one and lamilated body described at least one.
9. the fit application as gasket seal of asbestos basic unit that is fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of aforementioned aspect or that manufacture according to the manufacture method described in any one of aforementioned aspect.
10. an encapsulating method, comprises fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of aforementioned aspect or fit as gasket seal and to be sealed the step contacted according to the asbestos basic unit of the manufacture method manufacture described in any one of aforementioned aspect.
Technique effect
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, the asbestos based articles (such as asbestos base gasket seal) of prior art that serviceability (such as sealing, heat resistance and heat-proof quality etc.) can match in excellence or beauty, the consumption of asbestos significantly reduces simultaneously, such as can be reduced by least 50wt%, at least 66wt%, at least 80wt% or even more asbestos consumption.Therefore, the emission of the fit asbestos dust in manufacture and use procedure of this asbestos basic unit is all very little, complies with the environmental protection/labour protection requirement of current increasingly stringent.
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, show excellent self lubricity and rebound performance, thermal stress larger on to be sealed/thrust change can be born.
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, there is suitable mechanical strength and machinability, can for special-purpose machined or be shaped to various special-shaped shape (molded non-planar) neatly.
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, by using carbon fiber as compatilizer, improve the affinity of asbestos (fiber) and powdered graphite, compared with not using the situation of carbon fiber, anti-peeling and mechanical strength are significantly improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 schematically illustrates a kind of structure of asbestos base gasket seal of the present invention.
Fig. 2 schematically illustrates the another kind of structure of asbestos base gasket seal of the present invention.
Fig. 3 schematically illustrates another structure of asbestos base gasket seal of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, but it is pointed out that protection scope of the present invention not by the restriction of these detailed description of the invention, but determined by claims of annex.
All publications, patent application, patent and other bibliography that this description is mentioned all draw in this for reference.Unless otherwise defined, all technology that this description is used and scientific terminology all have the implication that those skilled in the art's routine is understood.In case of conflict, be as the criterion with the definition of this description.
When this description comes derived materials, material, method, step, device or parts etc. with prefix " as well known to those skilled in the art ", " prior art " or its similar term, the object that this prefix is derived contain that the routine of this area when the application proposes uses those, but also comprising and being also of little use at present, but will becoming art-recognized for being applicable to those of similar object.
In the context of the present specification, except the content clearly stated, do not mention anything should or item all be directly suitable for known in the art those and without the need to carrying out any change.And, any embodiment described herein all freely can combine with one or more other embodiments described herein, the technical scheme formed therefrom or technological thought are all considered as a part for the original open or original description of the present invention, and should not be considered to be the fresh content not disclosing or expected herein, unless those skilled in the art think that this combination is obviously irrational.
When clearly not indicating, all percentages (%), number, ratio etc. mentioned in this description are all benchmark with weight, unless do not met the routine understanding of those skilled in the art when being benchmark with weight.
According to first embodiment of the invention, a kind of asbestos basic unit is related to fit.
According to the present invention, the vertical section of this asbestos basic unit zoarium has layer structure, and at least comprise asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and be positioned at the graphite powder last layer (hereinafter sometimes referred to " main graphite powder last layer ", to distinguish with " additional graphite powder last layer " hereinafter described) on described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed one or both sides.For this reason, asbestos basic unit of the present invention zoarium at least comprises a described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and main graphite powder last layer described in one or two.From improving the angle of its self lubricity and rebound performance further preferably, described asbestos basic unit zoarium at least comprises a described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and two described main graphite powder last layer, and wherein these two main graphite powder last layer are in the both sides of described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed respectively.Now, described asbestos basic unit zoarium (vertical section) is rendered as layer centered by described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, is () outer field sandwich structure with described main graphite powder last layer.
According to the present invention, described asbestos basic unit zoarium such as can manufacture by the following method, and this manufacture method comprises the step of laminated described main graphite powder last layer on the one or both sides of described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed.
According to the present invention's special embodiment, as required, metal tooth plate or metal otter board can also be comprised between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described main graphite powder last layer, strengthen thus two-layer between adhesion, increase the mechanical strength of whole asbestos basic unit zoarium simultaneously.For this reason, previous building methods of the present invention is optionally also included in the step introducing metal tooth plate or metal otter board between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described graphite powder last layer, to make described metal tooth plate or metal otter board be between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described main graphite powder last layer.
According to the present invention, as the incorporation way of described metal tooth plate or metal otter board, such as first can arrange or laminated described metal tooth plate or metal otter board on the one or both sides of described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, and then arrange or laminated described main graphite powder last layer on described metal tooth plate or metal otter board; Or, also first described metal tooth plate or metal otter board and described main powdered graphite can be combined layer by layer, and then the composite layer so obtained be bonded on the one or both sides of described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, be not particularly limited.
According to the present invention, when described main graphite powder last layer exists two as previously mentioned, only can introduce described metal tooth plate or metal otter board described in described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and one of them between main graphite powder last layer (namely, a metal tooth plate or metal otter board), also described metal tooth plate or metal otter board can all be introduced between each in described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and two described main graphite powder last layer (namely, two metal tooth plates or metal otter board), be not particularly limited.
According to the present invention, to now used metal tooth plate or metal otter board, there is no particular limitation, can directly use prior art when manufacturing gasket seal for this purpose and conventional use those.According to the present invention, to the shape or thickness etc. of described metal tooth plate or metal otter board, also there is no particular limitation, and such as its thickness generally can be set as 0.2-2mm, preferred 0.3-0.5mm, but be sometimes not limited to this, but specifically select according to the gross thickness of target asbestos basic unit zoarium or set.
According to the present invention's special embodiment, in described main graphite powder last layer, (obviously refer to outside) can also be arranged or laminated n carbon fiber-containing layer and n graphite powder last layer of adding further.Now, n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n additional graphite powder last layer must exist or laminated outside this in an alternating manner.In view of this specific existence or laminar way, in the same side of described main graphite powder last layer, these carbon fiber-containing layers and additional graphite powder last layer always in pairs (number is equal, is namely respectively n) occur.In addition, from improving the angle of structure efficiency obviously preferably, between first additional graphite powder last layer and described main graphite powder last layer, clip first carbon fiber-containing layer.
According to the present invention preferably, first carbon fiber-containing layer directly contacts with main graphite powder last layer.
According to the present invention, term " additional graphite powder last layer " is only the difference on character express compared with term " main graphite powder last layer ", art-recognized meanings do not have difference, the two is suitable for independently of one another and hereafter specifies, and is sometimes also referred to as graphite powder last layer in this article and is not distinguished.
According to the present invention, as the powdered graphite of described graphite powder last layer, preferred expanded graphite powder.As described expanded graphite powder, such as can directly use prior art manufacture graphite sealing gasket time as raw material routine use those, be not particularly limited, such as can enumerate Qingdao graphite product Co., Ltd of Nan Shu HTC produce HD32.As the granularity of described powdered graphite, such as can enumerate 10 order-500 orders, preferred 10-50 order, but sometimes be not limited to this.
According to the present invention, to the thickness of described graphite powder last layer, there is no particular limitation, specifically can set according to the general thickness of actual conditions or target asbestos basic unit zoarium.Such as, the thickness of this graphite powder last layer generally can be set as 0.2-2mm, preferred 0.5-1mm, but is sometimes not limited to this.In addition, when described asbestos basic unit zoarium comprises two or more graphite powder last layer generally, the thickness of each graphite powder last layer also can set like this, but is sometimes not limited to this, but specifically sets according to the gross thickness of target asbestos basic unit zoarium or the overall number of plies.
According to the present invention, n is the arbitrary integer between 1 to 100, the arbitrary integer preferably between 1 to 10, such as 1,2,3,4 or 5 etc.
According to the present invention, when described main graphite powder last layer exists two as mentioned before, can the only arranged outside of a main graphite powder last layer or laminated n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n described additional graphite powder last layer wherein, also all can arrange or laminated n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n described additional graphite powder last layer in the outside of each in two described main graphite powder last layer.In the case of the latter, specifically, in the arranged outside of a described main graphite powder last layer or laminated n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n described additional graphite powder last layer, arranged outside of main graphite powder last layer or the individual described carbon fiber-containing layer of laminated n ' and the individual described additional graphite powder last layer of n ' described in another.Now, n and n ' can be mutually the same, also can be different from each other, meets independently of one another herein for the aforementioned definitions of n.
According to the present invention, described carbon fiber-containing layer is selected from (replacing) lamilated body (being called lamilated body A) of carbon fiber layer, asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed or one or more (such as 2,3,4 or 5 etc.) described carbon fiber layer and the described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed of identical number, wherein preferred carbon fiber layer.
According to the present invention, as described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, such as can enumerate the mixed layer (also referred to as stone carbon mixed layer) of asbestos fibre and carbon fiber, m (m is such as 1, 2, 3, the integers such as 4 or 5, preferably 1 or 2, more preferably 1) (replace) lamilated body (also referred to as stone carbon-coating zoarium) of asbestos fibre layer and m or m+1 (preferred m+1) carbon fiber layer, or one or more (such as 2, 3, 4 or 5 etc.) (replacing) lamilated body (being called lamilated body B) of described stone carbon mixed layer and the described stone carbon-coating zoarium of identical number, wherein preferred stone carbon mixed layer or stone carbon-coating zoarium, more preferably stone carbon-coating is fit.
According to the present invention, there is no particular limitation for the carbon fiber used each layer (such as carbon fiber layer or asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed etc.), can directly use when manufacturing carbon cloth or carbon fiber prepreg conventional use those, such as can enumerate the general carbon fiber of T400 that toray company manufactures.As the length of described carbon fiber, such as can enumerate 3-50mm, preferred 10-30mm, but sometimes be not limited to this.
According to the present invention, there is no particular limitation for the asbestos fibre used each layer (such as asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed or asbestos fibre layer etc.), such as can directly use this area when manufacturing asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate conventional use those.According to the present invention, to the ratio of asbestos fibre described in described stone carbon mixed layer and described carbon fiber, there is no particular limitation, and such as according to weighing scale, the ratio of described asbestos fibre and described carbon fiber can be 100:50-100:1, preferred 100:10-100:1, but be sometimes not limited to this.
According to the present invention, described stone carbon mixed layer can be layer (being called preform) shaping in advance.Now, to the manufacture method of this stone carbon mixed layer, there is no particular limitation, such as can enumerate and mix described asbestos fibre and described carbon fiber according to predetermined volume ratio, then obtained stone carbon mix is shaped to the method for stratiform.As required, in order to improve the cohesiveness of fiber and be convenient to shaping, during mixing, adhesive can be used.As the manufacture method using adhesive, such as can enumerate before the described asbestos fibre of mixing and described carbon fiber and/or in its mixed process, add the method for adhesive, such as more specifically that described asbestos fibre and described carbon fiber are mixed with adhesive in advance respectively, and then these obtained premixs are mixed further and obtains stone carbon mix, then this stone carbon mix is shaped to the method for stratiform, also can be by described asbestos fibre, stone carbon mix is obtained together with described carbon fiber is blended directly in adhesive, then this stone carbon mix is shaped to the method for stratiform.Now, described stone carbon mixed layer at least comprises asbestos fibre, carbon fiber and adhesive.
According to the present invention, described carbon fiber layer can be layer (being called preform) shaping in advance.Now, to the manufacture method of this carbon fiber layer, there is no particular limitation, and such as can enumerate carbon fiber direct-shaping is the method for stratiform.As required, in order to improve the cohesiveness of fiber and be convenient to shaping, adhesive can be used.As using the manufacture method of adhesive, such as can enumerate together with described carbon fiber is blended directly in adhesive, then obtained mixture being shaped to the method for stratiform.Now, described carbon fiber layer at least comprises carbon fiber and adhesive.Or, more conveniently, as described carbon fiber layer (preform), directly commercially available carbon cloth or carbon fiber prepreg can also be used, as long as its thickness meets of the present invention regulation.As described carbon cloth, the T400HB-6000-40D that toray company manufactures such as can be enumerated.
According to the present invention, described asbestos fibre layer can be layer (being called preform) shaping in advance.Now, to the manufacture method of this asbestos fibre layer, there is no particular limitation, such as can enumerate method asbestos fibre being directly formed to stratiform.As required, in order to improve the cohesiveness of fiber and be convenient to shaping, adhesive can be used.As using the manufacture method of adhesive, such as can enumerate together with described asbestos fibre is blended directly in adhesive, then obtained mixture being shaped to the method for stratiform.Now, described asbestos fibre layer at least comprises asbestos fibre and adhesive.Or, more conveniently, as described asbestos fibre layer (preform), directly commercially available asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate can also be used, as long as its thickness meets of the present invention regulation.As described asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate, the XB450 that Hengda Seal Material Co., Ltd., Hebei produces such as can be enumerated.
According to the present invention, described graphite powder last layer (comprising main graphite powder last layer and additional graphite powder last layer) can be layer (being called preform) shaping in advance.Now, to the manufacture method of this graphite powder last layer, there is no particular limitation, such as can enumerate method powdered graphite being directly formed to stratiform.As required, in order to improve the cohesiveness of powdered graphite and be convenient to shaping, adhesive can be used.As using the manufacture method of adhesive, such as can enumerate together with described powdered graphite is blended directly in adhesive, then obtained mixture being shaped to the method for stratiform.Now, described graphite powder last layer at least comprises powdered graphite and adhesive.
According to the present invention, described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, described stone carbon-coating are fit, described lamilated body A and described lamilated body B also can be layer (being called preform) shaping in advance.As the manufacture method of these preforms, the method each layer (or preform of each layer) corresponding (the replacing) that form it be laminated together such as can be enumerated.
According to the present invention, all there is no particular limitation, as long as any method that thing to be formed (than powdered graphite as the aforementioned or stone carbon mix etc.) can be shaped to stratiform all can adopt for the method adopted previously mentioned each " shaping " or its similar operations.As described forming method, specifically such as can enumerate compressing (compression molding) method, coated and molded method, doctor-blade casting process etc., wherein preferred shaping method to suppress, especially high temperature shaping method to suppress.These forming methods can be conveniently known any mode carry out, there is no particular limitation.When using adhesive, when this shaping end, described adhesive can be in complete solid state, also its uncured state can be in, partly solidified state can also be in, wherein from the angle of the cohesive force improved between each layer, be preferably in its uncured state or partly solidified state.If needed, the layer that can also obtain afterwards this shaping end imposes Post RDBMS operation, solidifies completely to make any used adhesive or solidifies at least partly.Technical staff suitably can set the condition of this Post RDBMS operation based on the concrete kind of used adhesive, these are all known technologies, and at this, the description thereof will be omitted.
According to the present invention, there is no particular limitation for the method adopted previously mentioned each " mixing " or its similar operations, as long as can by together with two or more components (such as asbestos fibre and adhesive, or asbestos fibre, carbon fiber and adhesive) Homogeneous phase mixing to be mixed and any method obtaining uniform homogeneous blend all can use.As described mixed method, specifically such as can enumerate machinery (at a high speed) paddling process, mixing method, mediate method, blending method etc.These mixed methods can be conveniently known any mode carry out, there is no particular limitation.When using adhesive, for the ease of the carrying out of post molding operations, when this mixing terminates, described adhesive is generally in its uncured state or partly solidified state, and this is obvious for technicians.
According to the present invention, from the angle or as required simplifying operating procedure, (namely described stone carbon mixed layer, described carbon fiber layer, described asbestos fibre layer and/or described graphite powder last layer also can not be shaped to stratiform in advance, do not adopt the form of its preform), but be shaped to stratiform while laminated or laminated and be shaped to stratiform by this.These technology are all known.For example, when laminated asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and main graphite powder last layer, the preform of the preform of asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and main graphite powder last layer can be laminated together, or also can be coated with to direct layered on asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed or its preform or the powdered graphite of spreading predetermined volume or powdered graphite and adhesive mixture (namely, the raw material used when manufacturing the preform of main graphite powder last layer), then two are combined layer by layer.
According to the present invention, the method that previously mentioned each " laminated " or its similar operations are adopted or when being manufactured to each (replacing) lamilated body or its preform involved each laminating method there is no particular limitation, as long as can make to treat laminated two or more layers (such as asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and main graphite powder last layer, main graphite powder last layer and (first) carbon fiber-containing layer, carbon fiber-containing layer and additional graphite powder last layer, carbon fiber layer and asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, asbestos fibre layer and carbon fiber layer, stone carbon mixed layer and stone carbon-coating zoarium etc., comprising its respective preform) any method of be combined with each other as a whole (layer) all can adopt.As described laminating method, such as can enumerate the method that these layers (comprising its preform) are combined under the effect of pressure and/or adhesive, more specifically such as can enumerate (machinery) pressing, adhesives method or the combination of the two, wherein the preferred method that combines of pressing or adhesives method and pressing.These methods are known by the technical staff, and at this, the description thereof will be omitted.Such as, when carrying out described compacting, pressing pressure is generally set as 0.2-10MPa, preferred 3-5MPa, and the retention time is generally set as 1-60min, preferred 5-30min, more preferably 10-15min, but is sometimes also not limited to this.If employ adhesive time laminated, in the moment of this laminated end or in this laminated process of carrying out, the laminating conditions (such as temperature) adopted can make described adhesive reach complete solid state, keeps its uncured state or reach partly solidified state, is not particularly limited.In addition, as required, can also carry out Post RDBMS operation after this laminated end, any adhesive that may contain in any adhesive (such as the adhesive of each layer that bonds) that may use during to make laminated and/or each layer solidifies completely.Technical staff suitably can set the condition of this Post RDBMS operation based on the concrete kind of used adhesive, these are all known technologies, and at this, the description thereof will be omitted.
According to the present invention, to the kind of previously mentioned any adhesive and consumption thereof (such as relative to each fiber consumption or laminated time consumption etc.) all there is no particular limitation, as long as this adhesive can play its predetermined attachment function.Technical staff can select arbitrarily from association area (such as when manufacturing asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate, graphite sealing gasket, carbon fiber prepreg or carbon cloth etc.) conventional those adhesives used.It is apparent that when described asbestos basic unit zoarium is intended being used for high-temperature use, wish that described adhesive also shows resistance to elevated temperatures, such as can tolerate 200-550 DEG C or even higher temperature.Specifically, as described adhesive, thermoset rubber adhesive, thermosetting epoxy adhesive, thermosetting phenolic resin adhesive, inorganic bond etc. such as can be enumerated.As described thermoset rubber adhesive, butadiene-styrene rubber adhesive, nitrile rubber binder, caoutchouc adhesive, ethylene-propylene-diene monomer viscose binder etc. such as can be enumerated.As described thermosetting epoxy adhesive, bisphenol-s epoxy resin, novolac epoxy resin, glycidol type polyfunctional epoxy resin, cycloaliphatic epoxy resin etc. such as can be enumerated.As described thermosetting phenolic resin adhesive, such as phenolic resins, boron bakelite resin etc. can be enumerated.As described inorganic bond, such as metal oxide binder, metal hydroxide binder, silicate adhesive etc. can be enumerated.As required, also additive can be contained as helper component in described adhesive.As described additive, retarder thinner, curing agent (vulcanizing agent), curing accelerator, age resistor, reinforcing agent, filler, fire retardant etc. such as can be enumerated.The concrete kind of these additives and consumption etc. belong to Conventional wisdom for the adhesive of corresponding kind, do not repeat them here.
According to the present invention, for example, described stone carbon mixed layer or described asbestos fibre layer generally the aforesaid thermoset rubber adhesive of preferred use as adhesive.Now, the consumption of described adhesive for the gross weight of asbestos fibre or asbestos fibre and carbon fiber is generally 1:100-50:100, preferred 1:100-10:100 by weight, but is sometimes not limited to this.Or, described carbon fiber layer generally the aforesaid thermosetting epoxy adhesive of preferred use or thermosetting phenolic resin adhesive as adhesive.Now, the consumption of described adhesive for carbon fiber is generally 1:100-50:100 by weight, preferred 1:100-10:100, but is sometimes not limited to this.Or, described graphite powder last layer generally the aforesaid inorganic bond of preferred use as adhesive.Now, the consumption of described adhesive for powdered graphite is generally 1:100-50:100 by weight, preferred 1:100-10:100, but is sometimes not limited to this.In addition, if necessary, when carrying out previously described any laminated or its similar operations, generally the aforesaid thermosetting epoxy adhesive of preferred use or thermosetting phenolic resin adhesive, as adhesive, and can to use as conventional amount used during interfacial bonder with reference to this kind of adhesive.But the present invention is obviously not limited to this, technical staff can specifically select according to actual needs.
According to the present invention, to the thickness of described asbestos fibre layer (comprising its preform), there is no particular limitation, but be generally set as 0.3-10mm, preferred 1-5mm, but be sometimes not limited to this, but specifically set according to the gross thickness of target asbestos basic unit zoarium or the overall number of plies.
According to the present invention, to the thickness of described carbon fiber layer (comprising its preform), there is no particular limitation, but be generally set as 0.2-1mm, preferred 0.3-0.5mm, but be sometimes not limited to this, but specifically set according to the gross thickness of target asbestos basic unit zoarium or the overall number of plies.
According to the present invention, to the thickness of described stone carbon mixed layer (comprising its preform), there is no particular limitation, but be generally set as 0.3-10mm, preferred 1-5mm, but be sometimes not limited to this, but specifically set according to the gross thickness of target asbestos basic unit zoarium or the overall number of plies.
According to the present invention, to the thickness (gross thickness) of described asbestos basic unit zoarium, there is no particular limitation, is generally set as 1-12mm, preferred 2-6mm, but is sometimes not limited to this, but specifically set according to actual needs.When described asbestos basic unit zoarium is special-shaped shape, described " thickness " generally refers to the thickness of dominant plane in this special-shaped shape, or the thickness that those skilled in the art's routine is understood.
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, depend on its concrete shape (such as plane or special-shaped shape) or modes of emplacement, there are upper and lower, inside and outside or former and later two outermost layers.Consider from the angle of the plurality of advantages playing graphite powder last layer to greatest extent, this asbestos basic unit is fit preferably with the graphite powder last layer (Rotating fields concrete according to it, it may be main graphite powder last layer, also may be additional graphite powder last layer) be outermost layer, wherein more preferably two outermost layers are graphite powder last layer.Certainly, in order to store or convenient transportation, these outermost layers can also add various protective layer, such as plastic foil, peel ply, non-drying glue layer etc.These protective layers easily can be peeled off before this asbestos basic unit zoarium is about to use.In addition, consider based on same angle, if described asbestos basic unit zoarium be not (one or two) outermost layer with graphite powder last layer after fabrication, also can expose this graphite powder last layer by the outermost mode of stripping.
Fit according to the asbestos basic unit that the present invention obtains, when measuring with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008, helium leak rate (characterizing its sealing property) is lower than 500ml/ (hmm), heat-resistant pressure-resistant (characterizing its heat resistance) reaches XB510 rank, therefore, it is possible to the asbestos based articles of the prior art that matches in excellence or beauty completely (the asbestos base gasket seal of such as same thickness).This asbestos basic unit is fit when measuring with reference to standard GB/T/T20671.10-2006, its thermal conductivity factor (characterizing its heat-proof quality) is roughly the same or slightly improve compared with the prior art asbestos base gasket seal of same thickness, such as general at about 1.0 to 1.3 times, but still belong to lower numerical value, therefore its heat-proof quality does not significantly reduce on year-on-year basis.And, reduce (such as being substituted by the carbon fiber layer of respective thickness or graphite powder last layer etc.) containing the relative thickness of asbestos layer (referring to stone carbon mixed layer or asbestos fibre layer) in the Rotating fields of whole asbestos basic unit zoarium along with in asbestos basic unit of the present invention zoarium, compared with this asbestos basic unit fit supposition situation be only made up containing asbestos layer of this, asbestos consumption and corresponding minimizing.For example, a half of the fit general thickness of asbestos basic unit is accounted at this thickness (or multiple gross thickness) containing asbestos layer, the i.e. corresponding asbestos consumption decreasing half (50wt%), this containing thickness (or multiple gross thickness) of asbestos layer account for the fit general thickness of asbestos basic unit three/for the moment, the i.e. corresponding asbestos consumption decreasing 2/3rds (about 67wt%), this containing thickness (or multiple gross thickness) of asbestos layer account for the fit general thickness of asbestos basic unit five/for the moment, the i.e. corresponding asbestos consumption decreasing 4/5ths (80wt%).In addition, fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, described always coated by carbon fiber layer or graphite powder last layer institute entirety (from both sides) containing asbestos layer, significantly suppress thus this contain asbestos (dust) in asbestos layer outwardly environment exposure or distribute.As a result, the emission of the fit asbestos dust in manufacture and use procedure of asbestos basic unit of the present invention is all very little, comply with the environmental protection/labour protection requirement of current increasingly stringent completely.
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, when contacting using graphite powder last layer as (one or two) outermost layer with to be sealed, self lubricity and the rebound performance of the excellence that powdered graphite (especially expanded graphite powder) itself has can be given full play to, thermal stress larger on this to be sealed/thrust change can be born thus.Generally speaking, when measuring with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008, the compression ratio of this asbestos basic unit zoarium can reach more than 20%, and rebound degree can reach more than 55%.
Fit according to asbestos basic unit of the present invention, by using carbon fiber as compatilizer, add the affinity of asbestos (fiber) and powdered graphite, compared with not using the situation of carbon fiber, anti-peeling and mechanical strength (such as with reference to the transverse tensile strength that standard GB/T/T3985-2008 measures) are significantly improved.
According to the present invention, described anti-peeling is measured as follows.
Cut the sample of 50mm × 50mm from manufactured asbestos basic unit zoarium (any thickness), sample is lain on clean glass plate.Then, by sample together with glass plate, put into the constant temperature oven that temperature is adjusted to 450 ± 2 DEG C, after heating 0.5h, take off sample from glass plate, immediately the surface of two surfaces and the glass plate up and down of visual observations sample.Exceptions such as if peeling off appears in the graphite powder last layer on a certain surface of sample, come off, cracked, damaged or be full of cracks, or the surface of glass plate there is powdered graphite to leave over or is scattered, namely judging that the anti-peeling of this asbestos basic unit zoarium is as defective; Do not observe these phenomenons, namely judge that the anti-peeling of this asbestos basic unit zoarium is as qualified.
According to the present invention's further embodiment, also relate to the fit application as gasket seal of asbestos basic unit that is fit or that manufacture according to aforesaid manufacture method of aforesaid asbestos basic unit, especially as the application of high temperature resistant (quiet) gasket seal.
Specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of encapsulating method (such as refractory seals method, especially high temperature resistant static seal method), the method comprises makes asbestos basic unit that is fit or that manufacture according to aforesaid manufacture method of aforesaid asbestos basic unit fit as gasket seal and to be sealed the step contacted.
According to the present invention, in order to play the advantage of asbestos basic unit of the present invention zoarium to greatest extent, described to be sealed is preferably made directly to contact with the graphite powder last layer of described asbestos basic unit zoarium.Now, as previously mentioned, described graphite powder last layer can be the outermost layer namely had after this asbestos basic unit zoarium manufactures, and also can expose by peeling off the modes such as other outermost layers, or the two has concurrently.
According to the present invention, described to be sealed can be one, also can be multiple (such as two), and (simultaneously) directly contacts with asbestos basic unit of the present invention zoarium (being obviously outermost layer).Most preferably, these to be sealed all directly contacts with the graphite powder last layer of asbestos basic unit of the present invention zoarium.Now, as previously mentioned, these graphite powder last layer can be the outermost layers namely had after this asbestos basic unit zoarium manufactures, and also can expose by peeling off the modes such as other outermost layers, or the two have concurrently.
According to encapsulating method of the present invention, by using described asbestos basic unit fit as gasket seal, while showing sealing property, heat resistance and heat-proof quality suitable compared with the asbestos base gasket seal of prior art, significantly reduce the emission of asbestos dust, and thermal stress larger on to be sealed/thrust change can be born.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further detailed.The instantiation of these accompanying drawings using gasket seal as asbestos basic unit of the present invention zoarium, but the present invention is obviously not limited to this.
According to Fig. 1, sealing pad is flat shape, its vertical section is rectangle, and comprise 1 asbestos fibre layer 3, in 2 carbon fiber layers 2 and 2 graphite powder last layer 1 of this asbestos fibre layer 3 uper side surface successively alternately laminated, and in 2 carbon fiber layers 2 of this asbestos fibre layer 3 downside surface successively alternately laminated and 2 graphite powder last layer 1.In use, () upper and lower surface of sealing pad all directly contacts with to be sealed.According to this Fig. 1, the alternately arrangement of carbon fiber layer 2 and graphite powder last layer 1, combines as by adhesive or pressing pressure between each layer.In Fig. 1, described asbestos fibre layer 3 is positioned at innermost layer, and described graphite powder last layer 1 is positioned at outermost layer.
According to Fig. 2, it is the variation of Fig. 1 gasket seal.Sealing pad is special-shaped shape, and its vertical section is L-type.
According to Fig. 3, sealing pad is flat shape, its vertical section is rectangle, and comprise 1 stone carbon mixed layer 3, in the laminated successively 1 layer of metal tooth plate 2 of this stone carbon mixed layer 3 uper side surface and 1 graphite powder last layer 1, and in the laminated successively 1 layer of metal tooth plate 2 of this stone carbon mixed layer 3 downside surface and 1 graphite powder last layer 1.In use, () upper and lower surface of sealing pad all directly contacts with to be sealed.Now, described stone carbon mixed layer 3 is positioned at innermost layer, and described graphite powder last layer 1 is positioned at outermost layer.
Embodiment
Below adopt embodiment in further detail the present invention to be described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Performance parameter in embodiment and comparative example is measured in accordance with the following methods.
[helium leak rate]
The helium leak rate of the asbestos basic unit zoarium that embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008.
[heat-resistant pressure-resistant]
The heat-resistant pressure-resistant of the asbestos basic unit zoarium that embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008.
[compression ratio]
The compression ratio of the asbestos basic unit zoarium that embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008.
[rebound degree]
The rebound degree of the asbestos basic unit zoarium that embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008.
[transverse tensile strength]
The transverse tensile strength of the asbestos basic unit zoarium that embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured with reference to standard GB/T/T3985-2008.
[thermal conductivity factor]
The thermal conductivity factor of the asbestos basic unit zoarium that embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured with reference to standard GB/T/T20671.10-2006.
[anti-peeling]
The anti-peeling of the asbestos basic unit zoarium of embodiment or comparative example manufacture is measured in accordance with the following methods.
Cut the sample of 50mm × 50mm from the asbestos basic unit zoarium of embodiment or comparative example manufacture, sample is lain on clean glass plate.Then, by sample together with glass plate, put into the constant temperature oven that temperature is adjusted to 450 ± 2 DEG C, after heating 0.5h, take off sample from glass plate, immediately the surface of two surfaces and the glass plate up and down of visual observations sample.Exceptions such as if peeling off appears in the graphite powder last layer on a certain surface of sample, come off, cracked, damaged or be full of cracks, or the surface of glass plate there is powdered graphite to leave over or is scattered, namely judging that the anti-peeling of this asbestos basic unit zoarium is as defective; Do not observe these phenomenons, namely judge that the anti-peeling of this asbestos basic unit zoarium is as qualified.
Embodiment 1
According to the asbestos base gasket seal of structure shown in following steps shop drawings 2.
1) (1.0mm is thick to adopt the asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate of plate shearing machine clip proper width, the XB450 that Hengda Seal Material Co., Ltd., Hebei produces), (0.3mm is thick for the carbon cloth of cutting same widths, toray T400HB-6000-40D), each blank is always wider than L-type cross-sectional length;
2) folding brake is adopted to carry out flanging according to shown in Fig. 2 to asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate, compacting locating groove;
3) high-temperature-resistant adhesive (THC-400 type thermostable phenolic resin adhesive) is evenly painted on the upper surface of asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate and a surface of carbon cloth respectively;
4) to align and fit asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate and carbon cloth, make its respective coating adhesive surface relatively, and adopt that folding brake will the two be compressed together, form the 1st carbon fiber layer;
5) obtained lamilated body is put into heat pressing forming machines, under the condition of heating-up temperature 120 DEG C, pressure 5MPa and molding time 10min, make this lamilated body hot setting;
6) expanded graphite powder (HD32 that Qingdao graphite product Co., Ltd of Nan Shu HTC produces) and the Silicate Inorganic Binding Material (WJZ101 that Machinery Research Institute, Hunan Province produces is made, its consumption accounts for the 3wt% of expanded graphite powder) Homogeneous phase mixing, in the surface layeredly evenly divided to the 1st carbon fiber layer;
7) adopt folding brake to suppress this graphite powder last layer, pressure is 2MPa, forms the 1st graphite powder last layer that thickness is 0.5mm;
8) high-temperature-resistant adhesive (THC-400 type thermostable phenolic resin adhesive) is evenly painted on respectively graphite powder last layer upper surface and according to step 1) surface of carbon cloth for preparing in addition;
9) to align and fit graphite powder last layer and carbon cloth, make its respective coating adhesive surface relatively, and adopt that folding brake will the two be compressed together, form the 2nd carbon fiber layer;
10) obtained lamilated body is put into heat pressing forming machines, under the condition of heating-up temperature 120 DEG C, pressure 5MPa and molding time 10min, make this lamilated body hot setting;
11) expanded graphite powder (HD32 that Qingdao graphite product Co., Ltd of Nan Shu HTC produces) and the Silicate Inorganic Binding Material (WJZ101 that Machinery Research Institute, Hunan Province produces is made, its consumption accounts for the 3wt% of expanded graphite powder) Homogeneous phase mixing, in the surface layeredly evenly divided to the 2nd carbon fiber layer;
12) adopt folding brake to suppress this graphite powder last layer, pressure is 2MPa, forms the 2nd graphite powder last layer that thickness is 0.5mm;
13) repeat step 3) to step 12) operation, in lower surface alternately laminated two carbon fiber layers and two graphite powder last layer successively of asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate, obtain gasket seal blank;
14) adopt hydraulic press compacting sealing pad blank, first under pressure 5MPa, keep 20min, then under pressure 8MPa, keep 5min;
15) be cured in high-temperature molding machine, heating-up temperature 200 DEG C, pressure 8MPa, molding time 5min, obtain asbestos base gasket seal of the present invention thus.
Through measuring, the helium leak rate of this asbestos base gasket seal is 100mL/ (h.mm), and heat-resistant pressure-resistant reaches XB510 rank, compression ratio is 21%, and rebound degree is 60%, and transverse tensile strength is 29MPa, anti-peeling is qualified, and thermal conductivity factor is 0.065W/ (m.K).
Embodiment 2
According to the asbestos base gasket seal of structure shown in following steps shop drawings 3.
1. make stone carbon mixed layer
1-1. is by 15 weight portion asbestos fibres (the 5-70 level asbestos that the sensible encapsulant Co., Ltd in Dacheng County produces, meet GB/T8071-2001) and 5 parts by weight of carbon fibers (length 10-30mm, the general carbon fiber of T400 that toray company manufactures) adopt KH550 silane coupler to carry out impregnation process respectively, then oven dry, shredding separately;
After 1-2.20 part by weight of liquid acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (X730 that Dezhou Yi Da commerce and trade Co., Ltd produces) dissolves in 10 weight part of ethylacetate, add 20 weight parts of calcium carbonate fillers and appropriate vulcanizing agent and vulcanization accelerator, then be mixed to evenly, obtain rubber mixture;
1-3. adds through the asbestos fibre of step 1-1 process and carbon fiber in this rubber mixture, stirs, speed of agitator 150r/min, mixing time 15min;
1-4. by stir after batch mixing calendering formation on Cheng Zhangji, roller differential surface speed 1.0 ~ 1.2, temperature 120 ± 20 DEG C, calendering time 10min;
The calendered products that 1-5. obtains first temperature-pressure sulfuration on vulcanizing press, curing temperature 130 DEG C, sulfide stress 15MPa, cure time 30min.Then baking oven sulfuration is adopted, curing temperature 150 DEG C, cure time 40min;
1-6. finally heat-treats, heating-up temperature 100 DEG C, and heat treatment time 24h finally obtains stone carbon mixed layer.
2. laminated metal tooth plate and graphite powder last layer
2-1. makes expanded graphite powder (HD32 that Qingdao graphite product Co., Ltd of Nan Shu HTC produces) and the Silicate Inorganic Binding Material (WJZ101 that Machinery Research Institute, Hunan Province produces, its consumption accounts for the 3wt% of expanded graphite powder) Homogeneous phase mixing, in the surface layeredly evenly divided to metal tooth plate (thickness 0.5mm), suppress under pressure 5MPa, to form the graphite powder last layer that thickness is 2mm, obtain composite bed;
The composite bed that two manufacture according to step 2-1 adopts high-temperature-resistant adhesive (THC-400 type thermostable phenolic resin adhesive) to bond respectively from both sides according to the structure shown in Fig. 3 with the stone carbon mixed layer manufactured according to step 1 by 2-2., then overall compressing in high-temperature thermo-compression formation machine, heating-up temperature 200 DEG C, pressure 8MPa, molding time 30min, obtains asbestos base gasket seal of the present invention thus.
Through measuring, the helium leak rate of this asbestos base gasket seal is 60mL/ (h.mm), and heat-resistant pressure-resistant reaches XB510 rank, compression ratio is 35%, and rebound degree is 60%, and transverse tensile strength is 36MPa, anti-peeling is qualified, and thermal conductivity factor is 0.062W/ (m.K).
Reference example 1
1) (1.5mm is thick to adopt the asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate of plate shearing machine clip proper width, the XB450 that Hengda Seal Material Co., Ltd., Hebei produces) 1 slice, and the carbon cloth of cutting same widths (0.3mm is thick, toray T400HB-6000-40D) 2;
2) these 2 carbon cloths are bonded in the two sides of asbestos fibre/rubber clad plate respectively by high-temperature-resistant adhesive (THC-400 type thermostable phenolic resin adhesive), then in high-temperature thermo-compression formation machine, under the condition of heating-up temperature 120 DEG C, pressure 5MPa and molding time 10min, carry out hot setting, form the laminated complex having carbon fiber layer in both sides;
3) expanded graphite powder (HD32 that Qingdao graphite product Co., Ltd of Nan Shu HTC produces) and the Silicate Inorganic Binding Material (WJZ101 that Machinery Research Institute, Hunan Province produces is made, its consumption accounts for the 3wt% of expanded graphite powder) Homogeneous phase mixing, suppress under pressure 5MPa, the graphite powder last layer that acquisition thickness is 0.5mm, width is identical with carbon cloth;
4) by 2 steps 3) the graphite powder last layer that obtains is bonded in step 2 respectively by high-temperature-resistant adhesive (THC-400 type thermostable phenolic resin adhesive)) two sides of the carbon fiber layer of complex that obtains; With
5) overall compressing and solidify, heating-up temperature 200 DEG C, pressure 8MPa, molding time 30min in high-temperature thermo-compression formation machine, obtain asbestos base gasket seal of the present invention thus.
Through measuring, the helium leak rate of this asbestos base gasket seal is 100mL/ (h.mm), and heat-resistant pressure-resistant reaches XB510 rank, compression ratio is 22%, and rebound degree is 59%, and transverse tensile strength is 30MPa, anti-peeling is qualified, and thermal conductivity factor is 0.070W/ (m.K).
As a comparison, prior art asbestos base gasket seal (thickness 3.1mm, the XB450 produced by direct cutting Hengda Seal Material Co., Ltd., Hebei and obtain) helium leak rate be 400mL/ (h.mm), heat-resistant pressure-resistant is poor, only reaches XB450 rank, compression ratio is lower, be 18%, rebound degree is lower, is 47%, thermal conductivity factor is lower, is 0.062W/ (m.K).Compared with the asbestos base gasket seal of the prior art, the asbestos consumption of reference example 1 asbestos base gasket seal saves only about half of.
Although be described in detail the specific embodiment of the present invention above in conjunction with the embodiments, it is pointed out that protection scope of the present invention not by the restriction of these detailed description of the invention, but determined by claims of annex.Those skilled in the art can carry out suitable change to these embodiments in the scope not departing from technological thought of the present invention and purport, and the embodiment after these changes is obviously also included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an asbestos basic unit is fit, it is characterized in that, comprises asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and is positioned at the graphite powder last layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) on described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed one or both sides.
2. fit according to asbestos basic unit according to claim 1, wherein between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described graphite powder last layer, also comprise metal tooth plate or metal otter board.
3. fit according to asbestos basic unit according to claim 1, in described graphite powder last layer, wherein also there is n carbon fiber-containing layer and n graphite powder last layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) of adding further, wherein n is the arbitrary integer (arbitrary integer preferably between 1 to 10) between 1 to 100, n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n graphite powder last layer of adding exist in an alternating manner, and described carbon fiber-containing layer is selected from carbon fiber layer, asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, or the lamilated body of carbon fiber layer described at least one and asbestos fibre described at least one-carbon fiber composite bed.
4. fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein said asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed is the mixed layer of asbestos fibre and carbon fiber, at least one asbestos fibre layer and the lamilated body of at least one carbon fiber layer or the lamilated body of mixed layer described at least one and lamilated body described at least one.
5. fit according to asbestos basic unit according to claim 4, wherein the thickness of each described asbestos fibre layer is 0.3-10mm (preferred 1-5mm), the thickness of each described carbon fiber layer is 0.2-1mm (preferred 0.3-0.5mm), the thickness of each described graphite powder last layer is 0.2-2mm (preferred 0.5-1mm), the thickness of each described mixed layer is 0.3-10mm (preferred 1-5mm), and the thickness of each described metal tooth plate or metal otter board is 0.2-2mm (preferred 0.3-0.5mm).
6. the manufacture method of an asbestos basic unit zoarium, it is characterized in that, comprise the step of laminated powdered graphite layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) on the one or both sides of asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, be optionally also included in the step introducing metal tooth plate or metal otter board between described asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed and described graphite powder last layer.
7. according to manufacture method according to claim 6, wherein also further laminated n carbon fiber-containing layer and n additional graphite powder last layer (preferred expanded graphite powder layer) in described graphite powder last layer, wherein n is the arbitrary integer (arbitrary integer preferably between 1 to 10) between 1 to 100, n described carbon fiber-containing layer and n additional graphite powder last layer is laminated in an alternating manner, and described carbon fiber-containing layer is selected from carbon fiber layer, asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed, or the lamilated body of carbon fiber layer described at least one and asbestos fibre described at least one-carbon fiber composite bed.
8., according to the manufacture method described in claim 6 or 7, wherein said asbestos fibre-carbon fiber composite bed is the mixed layer of asbestos fibre and carbon fiber, at least one asbestos fibre layer and the lamilated body of at least one carbon fiber layer or the lamilated body of mixed layer described at least one and lamilated body described at least one.
9. the fit application as gasket seal of asbestos basic unit that is fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of claim 1 to 5 or that manufacture according to the manufacture method described in any one of claim 6 to 8.
10. an encapsulating method, comprises fit according to the asbestos basic unit described in any one of claim 1 to 5 or fit as gasket seal and to be sealed the step contacted according to the asbestos basic unit of the manufacture method manufacture described in any one of claim 6 to 8.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106863955A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-20 天长市康美达新型绝热材料有限公司 A kind of high intensity rock wool material and preparation method thereof
CN108953608A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-07 宁波灏印燃气用具有限公司 A kind of graphite-based composite seal and preparation method thereof

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CN2038577U (en) * 1988-03-14 1989-05-31 地方国营浙江慈溪密封材料厂 Compound spacer between relatively fixed surface
CN102212331A (en) * 2011-04-06 2011-10-12 中国制浆造纸研究院 Asbestos fiber or non-asbestos fiber composite sealing material

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2038577U (en) * 1988-03-14 1989-05-31 地方国营浙江慈溪密封材料厂 Compound spacer between relatively fixed surface
CN102212331A (en) * 2011-04-06 2011-10-12 中国制浆造纸研究院 Asbestos fiber or non-asbestos fiber composite sealing material

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106863955A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-20 天长市康美达新型绝热材料有限公司 A kind of high intensity rock wool material and preparation method thereof
CN108953608A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-07 宁波灏印燃气用具有限公司 A kind of graphite-based composite seal and preparation method thereof

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