CN104785862B - Gear machining equipment and gear working method - Google Patents

Gear machining equipment and gear working method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104785862B
CN104785862B CN201410562627.6A CN201410562627A CN104785862B CN 104785862 B CN104785862 B CN 104785862B CN 201410562627 A CN201410562627 A CN 201410562627A CN 104785862 B CN104785862 B CN 104785862B
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China
Prior art keywords
support
gear
workpiece
processed
unit
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CN201410562627.6A
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CN104785862A (en
Inventor
泷裕贵
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Kanzaki Kokyukoki Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Kanzaki Kokyukoki Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Priority to JP2014009035A priority Critical patent/JP6210513B2/en
Priority to JP2014-009035 priority
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Publication of CN104785862A publication Critical patent/CN104785862A/en
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Abstract

The present invention, which provides gear machining equipment and gear working method, the gear machining equipment, to be had:Support member, processed gear is detachably installed, first workpiece support unit, support member is detachably supported and support member is made to rotate, workpiece mobile unit, processed gear is set to leave support member, test section, detect the rotation position of the processed gear of supported member support, control unit, control the first workpiece support unit, workpiece supply unit, support member is set to be moved from the first workpiece support unit to Working position, second workpiece support unit, support member is detachably supported and support member is made to rotate, knife unit, with the cutter for processing the processed gear while engaging and being rotated with the processed gear being supported on second workpiece support unit;Support member and cutter are controlled using control unit, to make support member and cutter synchronize rotation based on prescribed phases difference.

Description

Gear machining equipment and gear working method
Technical field
The present invention relates to gear machining equipments and gear working method.
Background technology
When being processed to gear, there is the side for shifting the cutter of gear-like onto workpiece to make the two rotate together with Method.In this case, in advance detection workpiece phase (rotation position), and make cutter by with this it is phase locked in a manner of revolved Turn, thus carries out the processing of workpiece.For example, in device recorded in patent document 1, by workpiece support in indexing main shaft After being indexed to the phase of workpiece in the state of upper, workpiece is conveyed to Working position.Then, on one side by workpiece support in Processing is with being on one side processed workpiece on main shaft.
【Existing technical literature】
【Patent document】
Patent document 1:JP Publication, special open No. 2009-12175 number
Invention content
It, will be in relation to utilizing the workpiece phase after indexing spindle index in device involved by above patent document 1 Information is sent to processing main shaft, and synchronous with cutter using the information realization workpiece.Therefore, in above-mentioned apparatus, dividing Into the transmission of row information between degree main shaft and processing main shaft.Thus, the control of existence information complicates this problem.
The present invention was completed to solve the above problem, and its purpose is to provide a kind of gear machining equipment and gears Processing method, according to the gear machining equipment and gear working method without implementing the position of workpiece phase indexing and implementing to add Into the transmission of row information between the position of work, just workpiece can be processed.
Gear machining equipment of the present invention has:Support member, the first workpiece support unit, workpiece mobile unit, Test section, control unit, workpiece supply unit, second workpiece support unit and knife unit, wherein support member will be processed Gear is installed by loading and unloading freely, and the first workpiece support unit adds above-mentioned support member by loading and unloading freely With support, and the support member is made to rotate, workpiece mobile unit is not changing the rotation position of the processed gear In the case of install or remove this relative to the support member and be processed gear, test section is supported on institute in the support member In the state of stating on the first workpiece support unit, detect by the rotation position of the processed gear of the support member supports Set, control unit controls the first workpiece support unit so that the support member rotate to by the test section The rotation position of the processed gear detected is in the rotational position of prescribed phases difference, and workpiece supply unit makes the branch Support part part is moved from the first workpiece support unit to Working position, and second workpiece support unit is configured in the machining position It sets, the support member is supported by loading and unloading freely and the support member is made to rotate, knife unit tool Have and is directed at the quilt while engaging and being rotated with the processed gear being supported on the second workpiece support unit The cutter that processing gear is processed;Also, in the gear machining equipment, the support member is controlled using the control unit With the cutter, to make the support member and the cutter synchronize rotation based on the prescribed phases difference.
According to this constitution, after the rotation position for detecting to be processed gear using test section, it is processed not changing So that this is processed gear in the case of the rotation position of gear and leaves support member.Then, make support member rotate to by examining The rotation position for the processed gear that survey portion detects is in the rotational position of prescribed phases difference.Therefore, when by processed gear When installing on the supporting member again, the phase difference of support member and the rotation position of processed gear is the phase being preset Potential difference.Therefore, no matter the processed gear in which rotation position is installed on the supporting member, is processed gear and support The phase difference of component is all always maintained at fixation.As a result,:The support member of processed gear will be installed with the phase difference When being conveyed to second workpiece support unit, the information of the rotation position in relation to being processed gear need not be sent.That is, due to being added Work gear and the phase difference of support member are the phase differences being preset, and therefore, need not in addition be obtained at Working position Information just can be directed at while being based on the processed gear of the phase official post and cutter synchronizes rotation and be processed gear progress Processing.It is therefore not necessary into the transmission of row information between the first workpiece support unit and second workpiece support unit, it just can be right Processed gear is processed.
In said gear processing unit (plant), the energy on the first workpiece support unit and the second workpiece support unit It is enough that the support member, the workpiece supply unit is supported to be configured to respectively:It can will be respectively supported at first work The support member on part support unit and the second workpiece support unit is exchanged.
According to this constitution, workpiece supply unit is configured to that the first workpiece support unit and the second work will be respectively supported at Support member on part support unit is exchanged, thus, for example to being supported on being processed on second workpiece support unit During gear is processed, above-mentioned phase difference can be set in the first workpiece support unit.Therefore, it is possible to save related set The time for determining rotation position thus allows for effectively processing.
In said gear processing unit (plant), it is configured to:The first workpiece support unit can form various compositions, Such as can have the support member is supported by loading and unloading freely rotary part, by the rotary part with The supporter that the mode that can be rotated is supported and the driving portion for making the rotary part rotate, also, the control unit The driving portion is controlled so that the rotary part rotate to the processed tooth that is detected by the test section The rotation position of wheel is in the rotational position of prescribed phases difference.
Gear working method of the present invention includes:The step of processed gear is fixed on the supporting member;Detection The step of rotation position of the processed gear;In the case where not changing the rotation position of the processed gear, make this The step of processed gear leaves the support member;Make the support member rotate to by the detecting step to detect The processed gear rotation position be in prescribed phases difference rotational position the step of;The processed gear is installed Step in the support member;In the state of being equipped with the processed gear in the support member, by the branch The step of support part part is conveyed to Working position;And on one side be based on the prescribed phases official post described in support member and with it is described The cutter synchronous rotary for being processed gear engagement is processed the step of gear is processed to this on one side.
In the gear working method, following step is able to carry out when executing the step for processing the processed gear Suddenly:The step of another processed gear is fixed on the supporting member, detect the rotation position of another processed gear Step makes this be processed gear in the case where not changing another processed gear rotation position and leaves the support member The step of, so that the support member is rotated to the rotation with another processed gear detected by the detecting step The step of position is in the rotational position of prescribed phases difference, and another processed gear is mounted on the support member On step;After the step of processing the processed gear, following steps can be carried out:Pacify in the support member Equipped with the step of conveying the support member to Working position in the state of another processed gear, and it is based on institute on one side The cutter synchronous rotary stated support member described in prescribed phases official post and engaged with another processed gear is another to this on one side The step of one processed gear is processed.
(invention effect)
According to the present invention, into row information between the position processed without the position of the phase indexing in implementation workpiece and implementation Transmission, can be processed gear be processed.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of gear machining equipment of the present embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view for the knife bar for being supported by workpiece.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of workpiece support unit.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view for indicating part near the upper end of the supportive body in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the top plan view of the supportive body in Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the front view of moving body.
Fig. 8 is the side view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the sectional view of delivery section.
Figure 10 is the vertical view of rotary supporting part 34.
Figure 11 is the sectional view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the line A-A sectional view in Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the line B-B sectional view in Figure 11.
Figure 14 is the action specification figure since Figure 12.
Figure 15 is the action specification figure of delivery section.
(symbol description)
1 work pieces process position detection part
2 work pieces process portions
3 delivery sections
5 knife bars
10 grinding wheels
11 first workpiece support units
12 workpiece suspension units (workpiece mobile unit)
21 second workpiece support units
22 knife units
Specific implementation mode
Hereinafter, being illustrated to an embodiment of gear machining equipment of the present invention with reference to attached drawing.Fig. 1 is this reality The front view for the gear machining equipment that the mode of applying is related to, Fig. 2 are the side views of Fig. 1.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, which made on one side as the workpiece W of processed gear and as cutter 10 synchronous rotary of grinding wheel the device of grinding is carried out to workpiece W on one side.Moreover, the gear machining equipment has:For examining It surveys the work pieces process position detection part 1 of the rotation position of workpiece W, be directed at workpiece W while making 10 synchronous rotary of workpiece W and grinding wheel It carries out the work pieces process portion 2 of grinding and will detect the workpiece W of rotation position by work pieces process position detection part 1 The delivery section 3 conveyed to work pieces process portion 2, also, the gear machining equipment also has the base portion 4 for supporting above-mentioned each portion.Work The support member that part W is referred to primarily as knife bar (arbor) 5 is supported, also, is supported on the state on knife bar 5 in workpiece W Under, workpiece W is joined from work pieces process position detection part 1 to work pieces process portion 2 by delivery section 3.Hereinafter, detailed for each portion Ground illustrates.
First, to workpiece W and the knife bar 5 of workpiece W is supported to illustrate with reference to Fig. 3.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view for the knife bar 5 for being supported by workpiece W.As shown in figure 3, workpiece W is to be formed with through hole in its center Gear, knife bar 5 be support workpiece component.Knife bar 5 have knife bar main body 51, the knife bar main body 51 by circular cone shape pedestal Portion 511, be arranged in 511 upper end of the base portion and cylindrical central portion 512 and setting in 512 upper end of central portion and The top end part 513 that peripheral surface attenuates taperedly is in be integrally formed.It is formed in the lower end of the base portion 511 of knife bar main body 51 The flange 514 extended towards radial outside.In addition, being formed on position at two of circumferencial direction on the bottom surface of flange 514 Recess portion 515.In turn, it is formed with cricoid slot 516 in the top of the peripheral surface of base portion 511 and flange 514, to make knife bar 5 It is clamped by aftermentioned clamping limb 351.
Moreover, being formed with the through hole 57 extended in the axial direction in the inside of the knife bar main body 51.The through hole 57 wraps Include first part 571 and second part 572, first part 571 be extended to from base portion 511 central portion 512 upper end it is attached The part of near position, second part 572 are that diameter becomes smaller and with towards on top end part 513 from the upper end of the first part 571 The part that the mode of end opening extends.Moreover, insert has movable part 52 in the through hole 57.The movable part 52 is by rodlike Main part 521, columned cap 522 and columned press section 523 constitute, main part 521 is inserted in through hole 57 Second part 572 in, cap 522 be mounted on main part 521 in the part outstanding of the upper end from top end part 513 on, pressing Portion 523 is arranged in the first part 571 in the lower end of main part 521 and positioned at through hole 57.Cap 522 and press section 523 Diameter be more than main part 521 diameter.In addition, in the boundary of the first part 571 and second part 572 of through hole 57 Between stepped part and the press section 523 of movable part 52, it is configured with the multiple disk springs inserted and on main part 521 and be laminated 53.Therefore, which applies active force downward to press section 523 always.
In addition, on the bottom surface of the cap 522 of movable part 52, it is provided with and is opened with the top end part of knife bar main body 51 513 The abutting part 524 that mouth edge abuts against, is contacted by the abutting part 524 with top end part 513, to which movable part 52 will not be from knife It falls off in bar main body 51.
In addition, being equipped with the collet chuck collet (collet chuck) 55 of tubular in the lower section of cap 522.The collet chuck collet 55 Peripheral surface is the face parallel with the axis of knife bar main body 51, so as to which workpiece W to be embedded on the collet chuck collet 55.Another party The internal face in face, collet chuck collet 55 is formed towards lower section in a manner of corresponding with the taper of top end part 513 of knife bar main body 51 Extend the taper of (splay).In addition, above-mentioned abutting part 524 engages with the internal face of collet chuck collet 55.Moreover, usually passing through dish Shape spring 53 applies active force so that 55 partes tegmentalis 522 of collet chuck collet presses downwards.Therefore, collet chuck collet 55 is formed as one The conical surface that edge top end part 513 is extended towards radial outside on one side by pressing downwards.It is embedded in as a result, on collet chuck collet 55 Workpiece W from inside by the power towards radial outside, then workpiece W is fixed on collet chuck collet 55.
On the other hand, when resist disk spring 53 active force and from downside push movable part 52 when, cap 522 with support Socket part 524 is pushed upward together, and therefore, 55 abutting portion 524 of collet chuck collet above pushes away.Collet chuck collet 55 is along cone as a result, Towards top movement to which diameter becomes smaller.As a result, since the power for pressing workpiece W by collet chuck collet 55 disappears, therefore, it is possible to Workpiece W is removed from collet chuck collet 55.
Then, work pieces process position detection part 1 is illustrated.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, work pieces process position detection part 1 includes the first workpiece support unit 11 and workpiece suspension list Member 12.First workpiece support unit 11 configures in base portion 4.In addition, being configured to:It is provided with upper support in base portion 4 Body 41, also, workpiece suspension unit 12 is supported in the upper support 41, and the first workpiece is supported on to be held from top Workpiece W on support unit 11.
First, it is illustrated with reference to Fig. 4 pairs of the first workpiece support unit 11.
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of the first workpiece support unit 11.It is propped up as shown in figure 4, the first workpiece support unit 11 is equipped with Support the supportive body 111 for the tubular that in base portion 4 and its axle center vertically extends.Supportive body 111 is with from base portion 4 Mode outstanding extends upward, and internal configured with cylindric rotary supporting part 112.In addition, in the rotation The inside of support member 112, configured with the push rod 113 that can be moved along the vertical direction.Pass through upper bearing 114 and lower bearing 115 are supported on rotary supporting part 112 inside of supportive body 111 in a way freely spinning way.Under upper bearing 114 Side is configured with built-in motor (driving portion) 116.
Specifically, equipped with the built-in motor 116 being made of rotor 1161 and stator 1162, the setting of rotor 1161 exists The peripheral surface of rotary supporting part 112, stator 1162 supportive body 111 be internally configured as it is opposite with rotor 1161. It is formed with cricoid slot 1163 on the peripheral surface of stator 1162, and is connected with introduction channel 1164 in the slot 1163 and is discharged logical Road 1165, introduction channel 1164 import the cooling water for cooling down stator 1162, and passing away 1165 is used for will be imported cold But water is discharged.In addition, as long as the device of the rotation of rotary supporting part 112 can be made, just it is not particularly limited, can also be to be packed into Other devices other than formula motor 116.
Above-mentioned knife bar 5 is installed by loading and unloading freely in the upper end of rotary supporting part 112.Specifically, The upper end of rotary supporting part 112 is equipped with the engaging part 117 of tubular, which is inserted into knife bar 5 from below In through hole 57.In addition, being equipped with protruding portion 1171 at the two of the periphery of engaging part 117 on position, the protruding portion 1171 is embedding Enter in the recess portion 515 of knife bar 5.Knife bar 5 is supported in a manner of it cannot be pivoted on rotary supporting part 112 as a result,.
On the peripheral surface of rotary supporting part 112 and the top of upper bearing 114 is equipped with cricoid detected portion 1121.Moreover, being provided with sensor at the position opposite with detected portion 1121 in the inner space of supportive body 111 1111.Thereby, it is possible to the rotation position of the rotation position of detected portion 1121, i.e. knife bar 5 is detected by sensor 1111.Separately Outside, control unit (illustration omitted) is equipped in supportive body 111, the control unit is according to the rotation detected by the sensor 1111 The rotation position of support member 112 and make the rotation of rotary supporting part 112 to defined rotational position.The control unit is in addition to energy It enough controls except built-in motor 116, additionally it is possible to which whole actions performed in work pieces process position detection part 1 are controlled System.
The inner space of rotary supporting part 112 include the small diameter portion 1122 vertically extended and be located at the small diameter portion 1122 lower section and the large-diameter portion 1123 being connected with small diameter portion 1122, are inserted in the inner space of the rotary supporting part 112 There is above-mentioned push rod 113.Push rod 113 is made of bar main body 1131 and press section 1132, and bar main body 1131 is inserted in small diameter portion 1122 In and from the upper end of rotary supporting part 112, i.e. engaging part 117 protrude, press section 1132 is connected to the bar main body 1131 Lower section and diametrically bigger than bar main body 1131 tubular.Moreover, press section 1132 is housed in the interior of rotary supporting part 112 In the large-diameter portion 1123 in portion space.
In addition, in the inner space of rotary supporting part 112, in the boundary of small diameter portion 1122 and large-diameter portion 1123 Between stepped part and press section 1132, the spring 118 that is provided in the bar main body 1131 for being wrapped in push rod 113.Utilize the bullet Spring 118 applies press section 1132 active force downward, is applied in power downward on push rod 113 always as a result,.
In addition, the recess portion 1133 vertically extended is formed on the peripheral surface of the press section of push rod 113 1132, from The projecting part 1125 that the internal face of rotary supporting part 112 extends is fastened in the recess portion 1133.Pass through the projecting part 1125 anti-throw-out levers 113 fall off downward, also, by making recess portion 1133 have defined length in the up-down direction, from And limit the moving range of push rod 113 in the up-down direction.
In the lower part of supportive body 111, equipped with the double-acting hydraulic cylinder driven in the lower section of rotary supporting part 112 119.Moreover, the piston 1191 of the hydraulic cylinder 119 can move up and down, and it is configured to press the press section of push rod 113 from below 1132.In addition, it is generally the case that gap is formed between push rod 113 and rotary supporting part 112 and piston 1191, therefore, Rotary supporting part 112 can together be rotated in the case where not interfered with each other with piston 1191 with push rod 113.
In addition, in the upper surface of supportive body 111, it is provided with four fixed parts 1113 for fixing knife bar 5.For this A bit, it illustrates referring to figure 5 and figure 6.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view for indicating part near the upper end of supportive body, and Fig. 6 is the top for the action for indicating supportive body Vertical view.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, four fixed parts 1113 configure around rotary supporting part 112 in 90 degree of intervals. Each fixed part 1113 has:Base portion 1114 from the upper surface of the base portion 1114 shaft member 1115 outstanding and passes through the axle portion Part 1115 and the arm 1116 that can be rotated.By being housed in the hydraulic drive mechanism of the illustration omitted in base portion 1114, can make Arm 1116 carries out the rotation of horizontal direction and the movement of upper and lower directions.Moreover, in Fig. 6 (a), arm 1116 far from knife bar 5, but It is to be rotated from the position by making arm 1116, to the flange 514 of the arm 1116 as shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 (b) and knife bar 5 Upper surface engaging.Limitation knife bar 5 falls off upward as a result,.
In addition, though the illustration is omitted, still, it is provided in work pieces process position detection part 1 to being fixed on knife bar 5 Workpiece W the test section that is detected of rotation position.The rotation position of the workpiece W detected by the test section is sent to It states in control unit.
Then, workpiece suspension unit 12 is illustrated.
As shown in Figure 1, the workpiece suspension unit 12 has:It is supported in upper support 41 and vertically extends Guide rail 121, and the moving body 122 that can in the up-down direction be moved along the guide rail 121.It is connected with ball in moving body 122 Screw rod (illustration omitted), also, the lifting being connected in the upper end of the ball screw for making moving body 122 rise or fall is used Motor 123.
Next, being illustrated to moving body 122 with reference to Fig. 7 and Fig. 8.
Fig. 7 is the front view of moving body, and Fig. 8 is the side view of Fig. 7.As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, which has: The first support member 1221 of the plate on guide rail 121, and configuration are supported in a manner of it can move in first support portion Second support member 1222 of 1221 lower section of part.Moreover, two support members 1221,1222 are connected using guide rod 1223.
The cylinder 1224 of double-lift is installed in the second support member 1222, before the piston 1225 of the cylinder 1224 Engaging has the linkage component 1227 of a pair of of L fonts on end 1226.Therefore, when making piston 1225 move forward or back in the up-down direction When, close to each other between the lower end of linkage component 1227 or separation.
In addition, having the clamping limb 1229 of clamping workpiece W as described later in the engaging of the lower end of each linkage component 1227.Such as figure Shown in 7, two clamping limbs 1229 be formed as front observation when be in L fonts, also, the upper end of two clamping limbs 1229 respectively by It is supported on the guide rail 1231 for being formed in 1222 lower end of the second support member.Two clamping limbs 1229 can be in level as a result, Close to each other or separation on direction.Therefore, when piston 1225 as described above moves forward or back, using clamping limb 1229 by workpiece W clamp or releases.
In addition, being equipped with the cap of tubular between two clamping limbs 1229 on the lower end of the second support member 1222 Part 1232.The cover 1232 is configured to abut with the upper surface of workpiece W as described later.
Then, delivery section 3 is illustrated with reference to Fig. 9.
Fig. 9 is the sectional view of delivery section.As shown in figure 9, delivery section 3 has:It is fixed on the base station of the tubular in base portion 4 Portion 31, and the rodlike spindle unit 32 along the extension of the inner space of the abutment portion 31.By being arranged in 31 lower end of abutment portion Driving unit 33, which is supported in a manner of it can in above-below direction be moved along abutment portion 31, and with The mode that can be pivoted is supported.The upper end of spindle unit 32 is protruded from the upper end of abutment portion 31, also, in the protrusion Upper end on, be supported by the rotary supporting part extended along horizontal direction in such a way that the axis around spindle unit 32 rotates freely 34.It is separately installed with holding unit 35 at the both ends of rotary supporting part 34, which is used for knife bar 5 can fill The mode unloaded is held.Moreover, each holding unit 35 is equipped with a pair of of control arm 36 for knife bar 5 to be clamped.For the holding The open and close control of arm 36 is carried out by the way that the arm control unit 37 in 31 upper end of abutment portion is arranged.
Then, 0 and Figure 11 referring to Fig.1, illustrates rotary supporting part 34 and holding unit 35.Figure 10 is rotation support The vertical view in portion 34, Figure 11 are the sectional views of Figure 10.
Rotary supporting part 34 is equipped with the baseplate part 341 formed by horizontally extending plate-shaped member.The baseplate part 341 The central part of horizontal direction be supported in a way freely spinning way on the top of spindle unit 32.Moreover, in 341 liang of baseplate part The bottom surface of end is equipped with above-mentioned holding unit 35.Since the composition of two holding units 35 is identical, below to the handle of side Unit 35 is held to illustrate.
Holding unit 35 has a pair of of clamping limb 351, also, a pair of clamping limb 351 is separated in the horizontal direction between regulation Every and configure in the end of baseplate part 341.Clamping limb 351 is integrally formed into be extended along baseplate part 341, also, clamping limb The central part of 351 length direction is fixed on by shaft member 352 on baseplate part 341 in a swingable manner.Moreover, each folder The base end part of 32 side of spindle unit of gripping arm 351 is attached by spring 353 each other, as a result, the base of each clamping limb 351 End is applied in always the power being separated from each other each other.On the other hand, it is formed in circular arc in the front end of each clamping limb 351 The clamping face 3511 of shape, knife bar 5 is clamped.Moreover, by keeping two clamping faces 3511 mutually opposed, it can be by the circle of knife bar 5 Columnar peripheral surface clamping.Specifically, the clamping face 3511 engages with the slot 516 of knife bar 5.As noted previously, as each clamping The base end part of arm 351 applies the power that is separated from each other by spring 353 always, therefore, the clamping face 3511 of each clamping limb 351 each other it Between be applied in power towards direction close to each other always, to which knife bar 5 is clamped.
Then, 2 and Figure 13 referring to Fig.1, illustrates arm control unit 37.
Figure 12 is the line A-A sectional view in Figure 11, and Figure 13 is the line B-B sectional view in Figure 11.As shown in figure 13, in this reality It applies in mode, an arm control unit 37 is respectively equipped with to each holding unit 35.Each arm control unit 37 is formed as overlook observation When be in L fonts, also, by the way that above-mentioned each arm control unit 37 to be combined, and be configured to the abutment portion 31 of delivery section 3 Surrounding is surrounded rectangularly.Here, the arm control unit 37 to side illustrates.
Arm control unit 37 is to work when rotary supporting part 34 declines together with spindle unit 32, and play and separate Clamping limb 351 is to unclamp the effect of knife bar 5.Specifically, as shown in figure 13, under vertical view state, arm control unit 37 by Actuator Division 371 and driving portion 372 be formed as overlook when be in L fonts, wherein Actuator Division 371 along abutment portion 31 tangential direction Extend and clamping limb 351 is made to work, driving portion 372 and the Actuator Division 371 are connect and driven using cylinder perpendicularly.Make Dynamic portion 371 is equipped with the central support portion 3711 for the upper end for being fixed on abutment portion 31, also, in central support portion 3711 Both sides are equipped with a pair of of the arm activation part 3712 for the base end part side that clamping limb 351 is clamped from outside.Moreover, by making a pair of arm Activation part 3712 is close to each other, and the base end part for pressing clamping limb 351 keeps its close to each other.
Here, the arm activation part on the left of the configuration in fig. 12 of central support portion 3711 is referred to as the first arm start Arm activation part on the right side of configuration in fig. 12 is referred to as the second arm activation part 3712b by component 3712a.
The upper end of first arm activation part 3712a is provided with the pushpin of the base end part for pressing clamping limb 351 3713, and the pushpin 3713 extends towards clamping limb 351.In addition, being fixed in the lower end of the first arm activation part 3712a There is the first horizontally extending bar 3714.For specifically, which, which is fixed on, is set to the first arm work In the through hole of the lower ends dynamic component 3712a, and it is horizontally extending.In addition, the first bar 3714 is formed in being inserted through After in through hole in central support portion 3711, also extend to the second sides arm activation part 3712b.According to this constitution, when the When one bar 3714 moves in the horizontal direction, the first arm activation part 3712a is also moved with it together.
In addition, the middle part in the upper and lower directions of the first arm activation part 3712a is also formed with through hole, in the perforation Insert has the second bar 3715 in hole.Since the second bar 3715 is not fixed on the first arm activation part 3712a, first Arm activation part 3712a and the second bar 3715 can not be limited and moved by acting each other.In addition, the second bar 3715 After being inserted through in the through hole being formed in central support portion 3711, also extend to the second sides arm activation part 3712b.
On the other hand, the second arm activation part 3712b is also configured to roughly the same with the first arm activation part 3712a.That is, It is formed with through hole in the lower end of the second arm activation part 3712b, being inserted in the through hole has the first bar 3714.But First bar 3714 is not fixed at the through hole on the second arm activation part 3712b, therefore, the second arm activation part 3712b and the first bar 3714 can not be limited and moved by acting each other.
In addition, the middle part in the upper and lower directions of the second arm activation part 3712b is also formed with through hole, above-mentioned Two bars 3715 are inserted through and are fixed in the through hole.Therefore, when the second bar 3715 moves in the horizontal direction, the second arm start Component 3712b is also moved with it together.In addition, as shown in figure 12, it is equipped with spring 3716 on the end in 3715 left side of the second bar, To which spring 3716 applies the active force for making it be moved towards right side to the second bar 3715 always.
At the immediate vicinity position of central support portion 3711, i.e. between the first bar 3714 and the second bar 3715, it is equipped with Horizontally extending shaft member 3717.Moreover, in the shaft member 3717, it is equipped in a way freely spinning way in rodlike The tilting member 3718 that ground extends.Moreover, the both ends of the tilting member 3718 and being formed in two bars 3714,3715 peripheral surfaces On notch 3700,3701 engage.That is, notch of the one end of tilting member 3718 with configuration on the first bar 3714 of downside 3701 engagings, and the other end of tilting member 3718 engages with notch 3700 of the configuration on the second bar 3715 of upside.By This, Actuator Division 371 proceeds as follows action.For this point, illustrated also referring to Figure 14.
For example, in the state of shown in Figure 12, since the second bar 3715 applies the power towards right side by spring 3716, because This, the tilting member 3718 engaged with the second bar 3715 is applied in towards clockwise power.Tilting member 3718 is right as a result, First bar 3714 applies the power towards left side.As a result,:In the state of Figure 12, the first arm for being fixed on the first bar 3714 Activation part 3712a is moved to the left, and the second arm activation part 3712b being fixed on the second bar 3715 is moved to the right. Therefore, two arm activation parts 3712a, 3712b are separated from each other, thus in two arm activation part 3712a, 3712b from two The state that the base end part of clamping limb 351 leaves.
When the first bar 3714 being made to move to the right in this state, as shown in figure 14, the swing engaged with the first bar 3714 Component 3718 is swung in the counterclockwise direction.The second bar 3715 engaged as a result, with tilting member 3718 moves to the left.That is, two A bar 3714,3715 is mutually moved towards opposite side.The first arm activation part 3712a being fixed on as a result, on the first bar 3714 It moves to the right, and the second arm activation part 3712b being fixed on the second bar 3715 is moved to the left.As a result,:Two Arm activation part 3712a, 3712b is close to each other, to which the base end part of two clamping limbs 351 of pressing keeps it close each other.
Then, the driving portion 372 for driving the first bar 3714 is illustrated.
As shown in figure 13, driving portion 372 has:The main part 3721 of tubular and the master is supported in a manner of free to advance or retreat Pressing component 3722 inside body portion 3721.Pressing component 3722 is formed as rodlike, and its front end offsets with roller 3719 It connects, wherein the left end in the first bar 3714 is arranged in roller 3719 in a way freely spinning way.On the other hand, in press section The rear end of part 3722 is equipped with cylinder 3723, so that pressing component 3722 is advanced or is retreated by the cylinder 3723.In addition, The front end of pressing component 3722 is formed with inclined surface 3724, which abuts with roller 3719.Therefore, work as press section When part 3722 advances, the right side via roller 3719 by the first bar 3714 into Figure 13 pushes.That is, in pressing component 3722 It is under the action of inclined surface 3724 and roller 3719, the forward travel direction of pressing component 3722 is vertical with the forward motion direction Direction is transmitted, to the first bar 3714 of pressing.Two arm activation parts 3712a, 3712b are acted as described above as a result,.
In addition, detected portion 3725 is installed in the rear end of pressing component 3722, also, at the two of main part 3721 The sensor for detecting the detected portion 3725 is provided on position.That is, being equipped with:It detects to be detected when pressing component 3722 retreats The first sensor 3726 in survey portion 3725, and detect when pressing component 3722 advances the second sensor of detected portion 3725 3727.Therefore, detected portion 3725 is detected by using any one sensor, so as to detect before pressing component 3722 is It is that pressing is gone back thus, it is possible to detect two arm activation part 3712a, 3712b relative to clamping limb 351 in turn into still retreating It is separation.
Arm control unit 37 as constructed as above is provided with a pair, and play makes the holding unit 35 of delivery section 3 work respectively Effect.
Then, work pieces process portion 2 is illustrated.As shown in Figure 1, work pieces process portion 2 has:Support the second of knife bar 5 Workpiece support unit 21 and has the knife unit 22 to the workpiece W grinding wheels 10 being processed.Second workpiece support unit 21 is matched It sets in said base portion 4, and equipped with the supporter 211 for being supported knife bar 5 by loading and unloading freely.Supporter 211 Detailed description omit, still, supporter 211 is for example electronic likewise by loading type with above-mentioned first workpiece support unit 11 Machine and can be rotated, also, be pivoted together with the knife bar 5 being fixed on supporter 211.
In addition, knife unit 22 has:Configure pillar 221 in base portion 4 and from the pillar 221 relatively close the The saddle 222 of two workpiece support units 21 or separate second workpiece support unit 21.Moreover, in the front end of saddle 222 to rotate Mode freely is supported by grinding wheel 10.In addition, though the illustration is omitted, still, configured with for making sand in knife unit 22 The driving sources such as the motor that wheel 10 is rotated.Grinding wheel 10 is formed as cylindric, and has been formed on its surface screw thread.Moreover, logical It crosses the tooth engagement of the screw thread and workpiece W and makes grinding wheel 10 and workpiece W synchronous rotaries, to be ground to workpiece W.
Then, the action of gear machining equipment as constructed as above is illustrated also referring to Figure 15.
First, in the second workpiece of the first workpiece support unit 11 and work pieces process portion 2 of work pieces process position detection part 1 On support unit 21, knife bar 5 is installed respectively.At this point, the rotary supporting part 34 of delivery section 3 is made to decline, and by keeping arm control single Member 37 is driven and is opened each clamping limb 351 being arranged on rotary supporting part 34.That is, each clamping limb 351 leaves knife bar 5。
Here, in the first workpiece support unit 11, four fixed parts 1113 are driven, make the rotation of arm 1116 to knife bar 5 On flange 514.Knife bar 5 is fixed as a result, is moved upward to limit knife bar 5.Then, driving is located at rotary supporting part The hydraulic cylinder 119 of 112 lower section of part, makes piston 1191 be moved upward.Push rod 113 is moved upward as a result, to push away upward Push up the press section 523 in knife bar 5.As a result,:Collet chuck collet 55 is moved upward and its diameter becomes smaller.In this state, exist After on workpiece W insertion collet chuck collet 55, driving hydraulic cylinder 119 and so that piston 1191 is moved downwards.Push rod 113 as a result, It moves downwards, to leave press section 523.It is accompanied by this, press section 523 is applied effect downward by disk spring 53 Power, therefore, collet chuck collet 55 are pressed towards lower section by cap 522 and carry out expanding.Workpiece W is fixed on collet chuck folder as a result, On first 55.
Then, so that test section and the flank of tooth of workpiece W is abutted, the rotation position (phase) of workpiece W is indexed.The rotation Position is sent to control unit.Then, driving workpiece suspension unit 12, makes moving body 122 drop to cover 1232 and workpiece W Until contact.When cover 1232 and workpiece W are contacted, impact when contacting is inhaled by shock absorber part (damper) 1223 It receives.In this way, workpiece W and moving body 122 contact, the positioning both to complete.Then, the cylinder 1224 of moving body 122 is driven, Keep two clamping limbs 1229 close to each other.Workpiece W is clamped arm 1229 and is clamped as a result,.
Then, driving is located at the hydraulic cylinder 119 of 112 lower section of rotary supporting part, so that push rod 113 is moved upward, thus Make 55 undergauge of collet chuck collet.In this way, workpiece W can be removed from knife bar 5.Then, driving workpiece suspension unit 12, makes Rise in the moving body 122 for being clamped with workpiece W states.That is, workpiece W is made to leave knife bar 5.At this point, workpiece W is with non-rotary shape State rises together with moving body 122.Then, push rod 113 is made to decline, to make collet chuck collet 55 expanding again.In this state, Fixed part 1113 is driven, arm 1116 is made to leave knife bar 5.Then, drive built-in motor 116, make rotary supporting part 112 with Knife bar 5 rotates together with until defined rotation position.The rotation position of the knife bar 5 is to be in the rotation position of above-mentioned workpiece W The rotation position of predetermined prescribed phases difference.
Next, driving fixed part 1113, makes the flange 514 of knife bar 5 and arm 1116 engage.Then, make on push rod 113 It rises, to make 55 undergauge of collet chuck collet.It is next to this, workpiece suspension unit 12 is driven and moving body 122 is made to decline, thus by work Part W is mounted on knife bar 5.In this state, two clamping limbs 1229 are opened, workpiece W is made to be separated with clamping limb 1229.It connects , make push rod 113 decline and collet chuck collet 55 is expanding, thus workpiece W is fixed on knife bar 5.
In above process, after using test section detection rotation position, and workpiece W is removed simultaneously from knife bar 5 And again install before during, workpiece W will not be rotated.Therefore, the phase difference of workpiece W and knife bar 5 is set to as above The predetermined phase difference.
Then, the knife bar 5 for so setting rotation position is conveyed to work pieces process portion 2.First, fixed part is driven 1113, so that arm 1116 is left knife bar 5.In addition, actuating arm control unit 37, to which knife bar 5 be clamped using two clamping limbs 351. Then, as shown in figure 15, after the spindle unit 32 for making delivery section 3 rises, rotary supporting part 34 is made to rotate 180 degree.Match as a result, The knife bar 5 set on work pieces process position detection part 1 is transported in work pieces process portion 2.On the other hand, it is configured at work pieces process Knife bar 5 in portion 2 is then configured on work pieces process position detection part 1.That is, the position of two knife bars 5 is exchanged.It connects It, spindle unit 32 is made to decline.Each knife bar 5 is separately mounted on each workpiece support unit 11,21 as a result,.
Then, the action in work pieces process portion 2 is illustrated.
First, actuating arm control unit 37 makes two clamping limbs 351 leave knife bar 5.Then, make supporter 211 and knife bar 5 rotate together with, and grinding wheel 10 is at the same time made also to be rotated.As noted previously, as the phase difference of workpiece W and knife bar 5 is set For predetermined phase difference, therefore it is based on 10 synchronous rotary of phase official post knife bar 5, workpiece W and grinding wheel.Then, as general When grinding wheel 10 is abutted on workpiece W, it is ground on one side making the two be directed at workpiece W while synchronizing rotation.
On the other hand, rotation position is carried out as described above to the knife bar 5 configured on work pieces process position detection part 1 Setting.That is, during being processed to workpiece W in work pieces process portion 2, for configuring on work pieces process position detection part 1 Knife bar 5 carry out the setting of rotation position, for using in process next time.Thereby, it is possible to seek the effect of raising workpiece W processing Rate.Later, by the way that above-mentioned action is repeated, so as to effectively process multiple workpiece W.
As described above, according to the present embodiment, after the rotation position for detecting workpiece W using test section, not changing Workpiece W is set to leave support member in the case of the rotation position for becoming workpiece W.Then, the rotation of knife bar 5 is made extremely to be detected with by test section The rotation position of the workpiece W gone out is in the rotational position of prescribed phases difference.Therefore, when by workpiece W again be mounted on knife bar 5 on When, the phase difference of the rotation position of knife bar 5 and workpiece W is the phase difference being preset.Therefore, which no matter will be in rotate The workpiece W of position is installed in support member, and the phase difference of workpiece W and knife bar 5 is all always maintained at fixation.Therefore, will be with this When the knife bar 5 that phase difference is equipped with workpiece W is conveyed to second workpiece support unit 21, the rotation in relation to workpiece W need not be sent The information of position.That is, since the phase difference of workpiece W and knife bar 5 is the phase difference being preset, at Working position, Information need not be in addition obtained, just can be directed at work while being based on phase official post workpiece W and grinding wheel 10 synchronizes rotation Part W is processed.Therefore, without the biography into row information between the first workpiece support unit 11 and second workpiece support unit 21 It passs, just can carry out the processing of workpiece W.
More than, one embodiment of the present invention is illustrated, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, only Not departing from its purport just can make various changes.
For example, in the above-described embodiment, the case where grinding suitable for gear, is illustrated, still, when So it can also apply in the Shaving Process or Honing process of gear.That is, the present invention, which can be suitable for one side, makes cutter and workpiece In all gear machining equipments that synchronous rotary is on one side processed workpiece.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of gear machining equipment, which is characterized in that have:
Support member is installed processed gear by loading and unloading freely,
First workpiece support unit, the support member is supported by loading and unloading freely, and makes the support Component rotates,
Workpiece mobile unit, in the case where not changing the rotation position of the processed gear relative to the support member It installs or removes this and is processed gear,
Test section, in the state that the support member is supported on the first workpiece support unit, detection is described The rotation position of the processed gear of support member supports,
Control unit controls the first workpiece support unit so that the support member rotate to by the inspection The rotation position for the processed gear that survey portion detects is in the rotational position of prescribed phases difference, and the prescribed phases difference is The phase difference of the predetermined support member and the processed gear,
Workpiece supply unit makes the support member be moved from the first workpiece support unit to Working position,
Second workpiece support unit, configuration is in the Working position, and the second workpiece support unit is by the support member It is supported by loading and unloading freely and the support member is made to rotate, and
Knife unit is engaged with the processed gear being supported on the second workpiece support unit with one side and is gone forward side by side Row rotation is processed the cutter that gear is processed to this on one side;
Also, in the gear machining equipment, the support member and the cutter are controlled using the control unit, to make The support member and the cutter synchronize rotation based on the prescribed phases difference.
2. gear machining equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that
It is supported by the support member respectively on the first workpiece support unit and the second workpiece support unit,
The workpiece supply unit is configured to:It can will be respectively supported at the first workpiece support unit and the second workpiece The support member on support unit is exchanged.
3. gear machining equipment as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that
The first workpiece support unit has:
The rotary part that the support member is supported by loading and unloading freely,
The supporter that the rotary part is supported in a manner of it can rotate, and
Make the driving portion of the rotary part rotation;
The control unit controls the driving portion, is detected so that the rotary part is rotated to by the test section The processed gear rotation position be in prescribed phases difference rotational position.
4. a kind of gear working method, which is characterized in that including:
The step of processed gear is fixed on the supporting member,
The step of detecting the rotation position of the processed gear,
So that this is processed gear in the case where not changing the rotation position of the processed gear and leaves the support member Step,
Make the support member rotate to the rotation position with the processed gear detected by the detecting step to be in The step of rotational position of prescribed phases difference, the prescribed phases difference are predetermined the support member and are added with described The phase difference of work gear,
The processed gear is mounted on the step in the support member,
The support member is transported to Working position in the state that the processed gear is installed in the support member The step of, and,
It is synchronized on one side based on support member described in the prescribed phases official post and the cutter engaged with the processed gear Rotation is processed the step of gear is processed to this on one side.
5. gear working method as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that
When executing the step for processing the processed gear, following steps are executed:
The step of another processed gear is fixed on the supporting member,
The step of detecting the rotation position of another processed gear,
So that this is processed gear in the case where not changing the rotation position of another processed gear and leaves the support portion The step of part,
The support member is set to rotate to the rotation position with another processed gear detected by the detecting step The step of setting the rotational position in prescribed phases difference, and
Another processed gear is mounted on the step in the support member;
After the step of processing the processed gear, following steps are executed:
The support member is transported to processing in the state that another processed gear is installed in the support member The step of device, and
It is carried out on one side based on support member described in the prescribed phases official post and the cutter engaged with another processed gear The step of synchronous rotary is on one side processed another processed gear.
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CN107020423A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-08-08 谭清平 A kind of travelling gear processes the special high gear hobbing machine worktable of efficient accuracy
JP6656275B2 (en) * 2018-01-31 2020-03-04 三菱重工工作機械株式会社 Gear grinding equipment

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CN101547765A (en) * 2007-02-06 2009-09-30 三菱重工业株式会社 Gearing apparatus, and gear working machine
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