CN104778648A - Waterlogging warning system and method - Google Patents

Waterlogging warning system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104778648A
CN104778648A CN201510226930.3A CN201510226930A CN104778648A CN 104778648 A CN104778648 A CN 104778648A CN 201510226930 A CN201510226930 A CN 201510226930A CN 104778648 A CN104778648 A CN 104778648A
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China
Prior art keywords
waterlogging
threshold value
area
information
personnel
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CN201510226930.3A
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肖小良
王继伟
任银
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BEIJING GUODIAN JINGWEI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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BEIJING GUODIAN JINGWEI ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201510226930.3A priority Critical patent/CN104778648A/en
Publication of CN104778648A publication Critical patent/CN104778648A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a waterlogging warning system and method. The waterlogging warning system comprises image collecting equipment, a server and warning equipment. The image collecting equipment is used for obtaining image information of a target region; the server is used for analyzing the image information to obtain a first analysis result, wherein the first analysis result comprises the accumulated water area of a low-lying region in the target region and personnel distribution conditions in the target region; the warning equipment is used for outputting waterlogging warning information according to the accumulated water area and the personnel distribution conditions. By means of the waterlogging warning system and method, the problem that waterlogging warning effectiveness is poor as waterlogging information obtained by an existing waterlogging warning system is single is solved, the waterlogging warning information is output by the warning equipment according to the accumulated water area and the personnel distribution conditions, and the effect of improving the waterlogging warning effectiveness is achieved.

Description

Waterlogging warning system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to flood control technical field, in particular to a kind of waterlogging warning system and method.
Background technology
Urban waterlogging refers to and causes in city because precipitation or continuous precipitation exceed municipal drainage ability the phenomenon producing ponding disaster.The development of current Chinese Urbanization rapidly, in all manifold effects of the thing followed, has many factors to exacerbate flood season street and amasss the situation of flood.City ponding causes public utility impaired, traffic, electric power, communication, Internet Transmission, water source etc. is received and has a strong impact on or damage, bring inconvenience to the productive life of people.In addition along with the raising of urban population asset intensity, under flooding situation on an equal basis, loss increases.And the central action in city makes indirect impact and indirect loss strengthen, and may cause great economic loss and casualties time serious.Current China city anti-waterlogging situation is very severe, according to the display of the special investigation to domestic 351 Urban Waterlogging abilities in 2010 of Ministry of Housing and town and country construction portion, between 2008-2010, have the waterlogging that the city of 62% occurred in various degree, wherein the city of effectiveness factors more than more than 3 times has 137; In the city that waterlogging occurred, the maximum ponding time in 57 cities was more than 12 hours.
Current drainage waterlogging prevention warning system plays an important role to management and control municipal drainage prevention waterlogging, but because drainage waterlogging prevention warning system management and control municipal drainage prevention waterlogging form is relatively single, the waterlogging information obtained is insufficient, and the effect causing carrying out alarm according to waterlogging information to urban waterlogging situation is poor.Such as, single water level monitoring system, it only can passive acquisition water accumulation level information, cannot realize the spatial analysis to effectiveness factors, and then accurate and effective alarm cannot be carried out to effectiveness factors, thus cannot ensure management and control is effectively carried out to whole municipal drainage prevention waterlogging.
For the single problem causing waterlogging alarm validity difference of waterlogging information that waterlogging warning system in correlation technique obtains, at present effective solution is not yet proposed.
Summary of the invention
Fundamental purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of waterlogging warning system and method, to solve the single problem causing waterlogging alarm validity difference of waterlogging information that waterlogging warning system obtains.
To achieve these goals, according to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of waterlogging warning system is provided.
Waterlogging warning system according to the present invention comprises: image capture device, for obtaining the image information of target area; Server, for analyzing image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area; And alarm equipment, for exporting waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
Further, server, also for judging whether ponding area exceedes preset area threshold value, and within the scope of the predeterminable area judging when ponding area exceedes preset area threshold value centered by lowered zones, whether there is personnel's distribution, wherein, alarm equipment is used for exceeding preset area threshold value in ponding area and existing within the scope of predeterminable area centered by lowered zones when personnel distribute exporting waterlogging warning information.
Further, this system also comprises: environment measuring equipment, for detecting the ambient parameter information in target area, wherein, server is used for analyzing ambient parameter information, to obtain the second analysis result, alarm equipment is used for exporting waterlogging warning information according to the second analysis result, ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
Further, environment measuring equipment comprises following any one or plurality of devices: rain gage, for detecting the rainfall amount of target area; Fibre Optical Sensor, for detecting the depth of accumulated water of the lowered zones in target area; And flowmeter, for detecting the flow of the freeing port in target area.
Further, server is also for judging following any one or multiple situation: whether rainfall amount reaches first is preset rainfall amount threshold value, wherein, alarm equipment be used for rainfall amount reach first preset rainfall amount threshold value time export waterlogging warning information; Whether depth of accumulated water reaches first is preset depth of accumulated water threshold value, and wherein, alarm equipment is used for exporting waterlogging warning information when depth of accumulated water reaches the first default depth of accumulated water threshold value; When rainfall amount reaches the second default rainfall amount threshold value, whether the flow of freeing port is lower than preset flow threshold value, wherein, alarm equipment is used for reaching second at rainfall amount and presets rainfall amount threshold value and the flow of freeing port and export waterlogging warning information lower than during preset flow threshold value; And depth of accumulated water reach second preset depth of accumulated water threshold value time freeing port flow whether lower than preset flow threshold value, wherein, alarm equipment is used for reaching second at depth of accumulated water and presets depth of accumulated water threshold value and the flow of freeing port and export waterlogging warning information lower than during preset flow threshold value.
Further, this system also comprises: remote-terminal unit, for obtain environment measuring equipment Inspection to ambient parameter information and by network, environmental information is sent to server; And power supply, for powering to environment measuring equipment and remote-terminal unit, wherein, the energy source of power supply comprises following any one or various energy resources: accumulator electric energy, sun power and wind energy.
Further, the image information that image capture device obtains is transmitted through the network to server, and wherein, network comprises following any one or multiple network: Zigbee wireless local net network, and general grouped wireless service network.
Further, alarm equipment comprises broadcast alarms equipment and user moves alarm equipment, wherein, broadcast alarms equipment is used for exporting waterlogging warning information by the mode of broadcast, and user moves alarm equipment for exporting waterlogging warning information by the mode of note or multimedia message.
To achieve these goals, according to a further aspect in the invention, a kind of waterlogging alarm method is provided.
Waterlogging alarm method according to the present invention comprises: the image information obtaining target area; Analyze image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area; And export waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
Further, before exporting waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, the method also comprises: detect the ambient parameter information in target area; And ambient parameter information is analyzed, to obtain the second analysis result, export waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation and comprise: export waterlogging warning information according to the second analysis result, ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
By the present invention, adopt the system comprising following equipment: image capture device, for obtaining the image information of target area; Server, for analyzing image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area; And alarm equipment, for exporting waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, solve the single problem causing waterlogging alarm validity difference of waterlogging information that waterlogging warning system obtains, and then export waterlogging warning information by alarm equipment according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, reach the effect improving waterlogging alarm validity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The accompanying drawing forming a application's part is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and schematic description and description of the present invention, for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of waterlogging warning system according to a first embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of waterlogging warning system according to a second embodiment of the present invention; And
Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of the waterlogging alarm method according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
It should be noted that, when not conflicting, the embodiment in the application and the feature in embodiment can combine mutually.Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and describe the present invention in detail in conjunction with the embodiments.
The application's scheme is understood better in order to make those skilled in the art person, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical scheme in the embodiment of the present application is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is only the embodiment of the application's part, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the application, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all should belong to the scope of the application's protection.
It should be noted that, term " first ", " second " etc. in the instructions of the application and claims and above-mentioned accompanying drawing are for distinguishing similar object, and need not be used for describing specific order or precedence.Should be appreciated that the data used like this can be exchanged, in the appropriate case so that the embodiment of the application described herein.In addition, term " comprises " and " having " and their any distortion, intention is to cover not exclusive comprising, such as, contain those steps or unit that the process of series of steps or unit, method, system, product or equipment is not necessarily limited to clearly list, but can comprise clearly do not list or for intrinsic other step of these processes, method, product or equipment or unit.
Below according to the embodiment of the present invention, provide a kind of waterlogging warning system.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of waterlogging warning system according to a first embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1, this waterlogging warning system comprises: image capture device 10, server 20 and alarm equipment 30.
Image capture device 10, for obtaining the image information of target area; Server 20, for analyzing image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area; And alarm equipment 30, for exporting waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
Image capture device 10 is for gathering the image information of target area, and image information comprises two-dimensional image information and three-dimensional image information.The acquisition of two-dimensional image information can be realized by video monitoring, and along with urban development construction, video surveillance network is relatively more universal and perfect, therefore, can be obtained the image information of target area by video surveillance network quickly.Or the three-dimensional image information of target area is obtained by satellite.Image information may be used for whether waterlogging occurring in evaluating objects region and judges whether to carry out alarm based on this.The ponding area of lowered zones in the target area that first analysis result comprises, can more adequately reflect in target area whether waterlogging occurs; Personnel's distribution situation in the target area that first analysis result comprises can as the reference information whether carrying out alarm.Alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, and waterlogging warning information is the early warning information that (or before waterlogging generation) generates to prevent effectiveness factors from causing the accident when waterlogging occurs.This system can ensure the validity of warning information, solves the single problem causing waterlogging alarm validity difference of waterlogging information that waterlogging warning system obtains.
It should be noted that, in embodiments of the present invention, image capture device 10 can be video monitoring equipment, or comprise video monitoring equipment and video capture device, video monitoring equipment can be arranged on the light pole, video monitoring bar etc. of target area, the image monitored directly is transferred to server 20 by video monitoring equipment, or via video capture device by the image transmitting that monitors to server 20.Ponding area and personnel's distribution situation of lowered zones is included but are not limited in first analysis result, such as, also can comprise the vehicle fleet size in target area, the distribution situation of vehicle, the running status etc. of vehicle, above-mentioned analysis result also can be applied to the waterlogging warning system of the embodiment of the present invention.
After server 20 gets the image information of target area, vision measurement algorithm can be adopted to calculate the ponding area of lowered zones in target area, and according to video, image algorithm, real-time analysis the current motion state being in the personnel in ponding region, the quantity of vehicle and current persons, vehicle can be gone out.Based on analysis result, alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information.Such as, alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information for the personnel remained static be in ponding region, vehicle, to avoid occurring casualties, evacuates tailback in time.
Alternatively, server 20, also for judging whether ponding area exceedes preset area threshold value, and within the scope of the predeterminable area judging when ponding area exceedes preset area threshold value centered by lowered zones, whether there is personnel's distribution, wherein, alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information for exceeding preset area threshold value in ponding area and existing within the scope of predeterminable area centered by lowered zones when personnel distribute.
Analyzed by server 20 pairs of image informations, know ponding area exceed preset area threshold value and exist within the scope of predeterminable area centered by lowered zones personnel distribute time, control alarm equipment 30 and export waterlogging warning information, can before effectiveness factors be formed, personnel in target area are reminded in time, ensure the safety of personnel in target area to greatest extent, play good waterlogging alarm effect.It should be noted that, preset area threshold value is the safe area threshold of the lowered zones internal water accumulation area preset, and before lowered zones ponding area does not exceed this preset area threshold value, still can not threaten to the personal security in target area; After lowered zones ponding area reaches this threshold value, there are personnel within the scope of the predeterminable area centered by lowered zones may be dangerous, and now the exportable waterlogging warning information of alarm equipment 30, withdraws to remind related personnel in time.
Alternatively, this system also comprises: environment measuring equipment, for detecting the ambient parameter information in target area, wherein, server 20 is for analyzing ambient parameter information, to obtain the second analysis result, alarm equipment 30 is for exporting waterlogging warning information according to the second analysis result, ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
Environment measuring equipment is used for the environmental data detected by gauging instrument or sensor sensing equipment in target area.Such as, environment measuring equipment comprises following any one or plurality of devices: rain gage, Fibre Optical Sensor, anemoclinograph, flowmeter, luminance sensor etc.
Rain gage, for detecting the rainfall amount of target area.Rainfall amount is the direct root causing urban waterlogging, and real-time quantization monitoring rainfall amount can issue heavy rain, extra torrential rain early warning in the very first time, simultaneously for prevention waterlogging work provides real-time Data support.Fibre Optical Sensor, for detecting the depth of accumulated water of the lowered zones in target area.Fibre Optical Sensor has the features such as passive, noncontact, antijamming capability are strong, and according to city ponding feature, Fibre Optical Sensor is the ideal equipment of the depth of accumulated water measuring lowered zones.Anemoclinograph, is arranged at the region, air port of target area, for detecting wind direction and the wind speed in region, air port.Heavy rain, extra torrential rain weather, often with the generation of blast, carry out wind speed and direction monitoring to some regions, air port, have certain booster action for carrying out waterlogging alarm in time.Flowmeter, for detecting the flow of the freeing port in target area.The uninterrupted of freeing port can be used for judging that whether the drainage channel in target area is unobstructed.By the ambient parameter information utilizing above-mentioned environment measuring equipment Inspection to go out, associative multiplication water area and personnel's distribution situation, can ensure that alarm equipment 30 exports effective waterlogging warning information.
Alternatively, server 20 is also for judging following any one or multiple situation: whether rainfall amount reaches first is preset rainfall amount threshold value, wherein, alarm equipment 30 for reach at rainfall amount first preset rainfall amount threshold value time export waterlogging warning information; Whether depth of accumulated water reaches first is preset depth of accumulated water threshold value, wherein, exports waterlogging warning information alarm equipment 30 is for reaching the first default depth of accumulated water threshold value during at depth of accumulated water; When rainfall amount reaches the second default rainfall amount threshold value, whether the flow of freeing port is lower than preset flow threshold value, wherein, alarm equipment 30 is preset rainfall amount threshold value and the flow of freeing port and is exported waterlogging warning information for reaching second at rainfall amount lower than during preset flow threshold value; And depth of accumulated water reach second preset depth of accumulated water threshold value time freeing port flow whether lower than preset flow threshold value, wherein, alarm equipment 30 is preset depth of accumulated water threshold value and the flow of freeing port and is exported waterlogging warning information for reaching second at depth of accumulated water lower than during preset flow threshold value.
First presets the secure threshold that rainfall amount threshold value is the rainfall amount for target area landform preset, and when server 20 judges that rainfall amount reaches the first default rainfall amount threshold value, alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information.Rainfall amount reach second preset rainfall amount threshold value and the flow of freeing port lower than preset flow threshold value (reflecting that freeing port may have occurred blocking) time, if do not take corresponding emergency measure, the ponding in lowered zones may be caused to exceed safety level, bring waterlogging to threaten, now can control alarm equipment 30 and export waterlogging warning information.First presets the secure threshold that depth of accumulated water threshold value is the depth of accumulated water in the target area that presets, and when server 20 judges that depth of accumulated water reaches first and presets depth of accumulated water threshold value, alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information.Depth of accumulated water reach second preset depth of accumulated water threshold value and the flow of freeing port lower than preset flow threshold value time, if still there is rainfall in this region, probably cause depth of accumulated water to reach first and preset depth of accumulated water threshold value, thus bring waterlogging to threaten, now can control alarm equipment 30 and export waterlogging warning information.
It should be noted that, server 20 in conjunction with the result of above-mentioned any one or multiple judgement, can control alarm equipment 30 and exports waterlogging warning information.Alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the ponding area of the second analysis result, lowered zones and personnel's distribution situation and comprises: alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the second analysis result; Alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the second analysis result and personnel's distribution situation; Alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the ponding area of the second analysis result and lowered zones; Alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the ponding area of the second analysis result, lowered zones and personnel's distribution situation; Alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the ponding area of lowered zones; And alarm equipment 30 exports waterlogging warning information according to the ponding area of lowered zones and personnel's distribution situation.Provide alarm equipment 30 in above-mentioned embodiment and export waterlogging warning information based on the second analysis result, the waterlogging warning system of the embodiment of the present invention includes but are not limited to this.Such as, alarm equipment 30 reaches the first default rainfall amount threshold value at rainfall amount and exists in target area when personnel distribute and exports waterlogging warning information.
It should be noted that, except the ambient parameter information of the image information transmitted image capture device 10 and environment measuring device transmission is analyzed, server 20 can also the transport information in combining target region and Weather information comprehensively be analyzed.In addition, server 20 can also obtain the running state data such as target area inner gate and water pump, comprehensively analyzes, exports more effectively to control alarm equipment 30, waterlogging warning information accurately in conjunction with this running state data.
This system also comprises: remote-terminal unit, for obtain environment measuring equipment Inspection to ambient parameter information and by network, environmental information is sent to server 20; And power supply, for powering to environment measuring equipment and remote-terminal unit, wherein, the energy source of power supply comprises following any one or various energy resources: accumulator electric energy, sun power and wind energy.
Remote-terminal unit and Remote Terminal Unit (referred to as RTU), RTU can the data that arrive of each environment measuring equipment Inspection of Real-time Collection, and pack to data, are sent to server 20 for analyzing and processing by network.RTU is configured with GPS function, can be that the Geographic Information System (Geographic InformationSystem, referred to as GIS) of server 20 provides geographical location information accurately.Power supply (now power supply) provides power supply for bottom sensing network and communication network.Owing to often causing civil power power-off when waterlogging occurs, therefore can not adopt mains-supplied as waterlogging warning system, the power supply mode that sun power and accumulator combine should be adopted, or can also wind energy be added.Above-mentioned RTU, power supply can be connected by bus mode with environment measuring equipment etc.
Alternatively, the image information that image capture device 10 obtains is transmitted through the network to server 20, and wherein, network comprises following any one or multiple network: Zigbee wireless local net network, and general grouped wireless service network.
The monitoring point contained due to waterlogging warning system has many, the widespread features of quantity, adopts wired mode communication greatly certainly will increase construction cost and building-up work amount, and therefore preferred communication mode is radio communication.The communication that radio communication can take Zigbee wireless local net network (i.e. zigbee) and general grouped wireless service network (i.e. GPRS) to combine.Zigbee wireless lan network, adopt long distance zigbee Wireless Network, breach the bottleneck of traditional wireless zigbee communication distance section, when ensureing wireless networking capabilities, maximum communication distance can reach 1.6 kilometers, traditional zigbee communication distance is improve 5 times, and maximum networking capacity can reach 2000 nodes.GPRS network, owing to adopting public network transmission, therefore packet all adopts advanced encryption algorithm to be encrypted in transmitting procedure, ensure that the security of data.Due to waterlogging warning system, particularly urban waterlogging warning system, has the advantages that region is wide, node is many, in conjunction with above-mentioned two kinds of communication modes, greatly can reduce communications cost.Such as, RTU is after getting ambient parameter information, and can transmit it to zigbee wireless routing by zigbee wireless lan network, zigbee wireless routing transmits it to server 20 by GPRS network again.
Alternatively, alarm equipment 30 comprises broadcast alarms equipment and user moves alarm equipment, wherein, broadcast alarms equipment is used for exporting waterlogging warning information by the mode of broadcast, and user moves alarm equipment for exporting waterlogging warning information by the mode of note or multimedia message.
This waterlogging warning system can adopt the mode of Long-distance Control to implement.Such as, remote server can Control Server 20, or also can the emergency equipment such as gate, water pump in Long-distance Control target area.Meanwhile, also can monitor the state of current emergency equipment, as the aperture etc. of gate.
In addition, this system can arrange multiple server platform.Such as, GIS flood feelings information platform, early warning platform, public WEB access platform etc.GIS flood feelings information platform, for realizing sensing data, the remote collection of video data, storage and analysis etc., in conjunction with GPS information, realizes the GIS information platform of flooded feelings, for prevention waterlogging work provide accurately, information service intuitively.Early warning platform: early warning information is issued to territories, congregated district of population such as community, school, hospitals by the mode of broadcast, note.Remote controlled prevention waterlogging emergency equipment, and inquire about emergency equipment state.Public service platform, citizen, by the flooded feelings of online computing, real-time query city, mobile phone customer side each point, select reasonable, safe travel route.
The site of this waterlogging warning system can be arranged at multiple region, comprising:
(1) low-lying location, urban district (monitoring of the aspects such as rainfall amount, depth of accumulated water, ponding area, visibility can be carried out);
(2) region, air port (monitoring of the aspects such as wind speed and direction can be carried out) such as viaduct, bridge, riverine road;
(3) freeing port (monitoring of the aspect such as flow velocity, flow can be carried out);
(4) flood-relief channel (monitoring of the aspects such as flow velocity, flow, water level can be carried out);
(5) river, city, reservoir, lake (monitoring of the aspects such as water level can be carried out); And
(6) emergency equipment location, (monitoring of the aspects such as equipment control and equipment state can be carried out).
According to the waterlogging warning system of this embodiment, owing to comprising: image capture device 10, for obtaining the image information of target area; Server 20, for analyzing image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area; And alarm equipment 30, for exporting waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, solve the single problem causing waterlogging alarm validity difference of waterlogging information that waterlogging warning system obtains, and then export waterlogging warning information by alarm equipment 30 according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, reach the effect promoting waterlogging alarm validity.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of waterlogging warning system according to a second embodiment of the present invention.This embodiment can as a kind of preferred implementation embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.As shown in Figure 2, this waterlogging warning system mainly comprises command centre's server, traffic video server, weather bureau's server, video monitoring equipment, video capture device, now power supply, RTU, rain gage, Fibre Optical Sensor, anemoclinograph, flowmeter, zigbee wireless routing, intelligent electrical controller (for control gate, water pump etc.), WEB distribution platform, alarm network etc.This system can coordinate realization by five parts: video monitoring part; Flood feelings monitoring part; Long-distance Control part; Radio network portion; And service platform part.
Particularly, video monitoring part comprises: configure video monitoring equipment in the target area, the image of its monitoring transfers to video capture device by optical fiber or wire communication, and the image information image collected is transferred to command centre's server by optical fiber or wire communication by this video capture device.
Flood feelings monitoring part comprises: be configured with rain gage, Fibre Optical Sensor, anemoclinograph, flowmeter, now the equipment such as power supply and RTU in target area, the ambient parameter information that rain gage, Fibre Optical Sensor, anemoclinograph and flowmeter etc. detect by RTU is by zigbee wireless network transmissions to zigbee wireless routing, and ambient parameter information is sent to command centre's server by GPRS network and carries out analyzing and processing by zigbee wireless routing.
Remote control divides and comprises: by the running status of the equipment such as intelligent electrical controller Long-distance Control target area inner gate, water pump, the running state data of gate, water pump is transferred to zigbee wireless routing by zigbee wireless network by intelligent electrical controller, and above-mentioned running state data is transferred to command centre's server by GPRS network by zigbee wireless routing.Command centre's server is analyzed the image information received and ambient parameter information, controls alarm network export corresponding warning information according to analysis result.Wherein, alarm network comprises alarm equipment and the network for connecting command centre's server and alarm equipment.
Service platform part comprises: warning information is externally issued by WEB distribution platform by command centre's server, and user can know corresponding information by network; Transport information in the target area of acquisition and weather information are sent to command centre's server by traffic video server and weather bureau's server respectively, comprehensively to analyze in conjunction with other data, export more comprehensively waterlogging warning information by alarm network.
Radio network portion comprises: zigbee wireless lan network and GPRS network combine.It should be noted that, this waterlogging warning system can contain multiple site, and for convenience of explanation, merely illustrate two sites in this figure, " ... " represents this system can be encompassed in other sites.
It should be noted that, in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 image capture device 10 can be matched incompatible realization by the video monitoring equipment of this embodiment and video capture device, server 20 can be realized by command centre's server of this embodiment, and the alarm equipment that alarm equipment 30 can be comprised by alarm network in this embodiment realizes.
Above-mentioned command centre's server is used for the data analysis in the target area of transmission and process, to export waterlogging warning information according to treatment and analysis result by early warning net.In conjunction with traffic video server and weather bureau's server, more comprehensively waterlogging environmental data can be obtained.Video monitoring equipment be installed on built street lamp pole, on video monitoring pole, succinct, attractive in appearance, decrease capital construction work amount simultaneously.WEB distribution platform comprises mobile phone distribution platform and computing machine distribution platform.Alarm network comprises by broadcast or note outputting alarm information, can realize the flooded feelings alarm comprising the population concentration regions such as street, community, school.
This system can carry out Real-Time Monitoring, the image information of transmission of monitoring point and ambient parameter information to target monitoring point, obtain data as calculated machine in conjunction with after generalized information system process, on terminal computer, Dynamic Announce goes out the waterlogging situation in target monitoring point, such as, actual submergence ratio and the depth of water situation over time of each monitoring point when heavy rain occurs can be obtained, and then alarm network outputting alarm information can be utilized based on this.This system makes full use of rainfall information, water level information, the flow information of monitoring automatically, and be integrated in urban storm ponding mathematical simulation and the database technology of command centre's server, take GIS as support platform, utilize waterlogging mathematical model to simulate effectiveness factors, realize the alarm to effectiveness factors.This system has not only ensured the validity of waterlogging alarm, and for urban flood defence water drainage scheduling and Mitigation provide technical support.
Establish real-time, reliable flooded feelings data monitoring, the supervisory system based on sensor-based network technology according to the waterlogging warning system of this embodiment, mainly comprise: the drainage condition monitoring etc. of rainfall amount monitoring, depth of accumulated water monitoring, ponding area monitoring, wind speed and direction monitoring, GPS geographical location information, drainage channel; The city outdoor scene flood feelings platform based on GIS is established based on video monitoring equipment; Establish flooded feelings alarm network, realize the flooded feelings alarm in the population concentration regions such as street, community, school; Establish flooded feelings WEB distribution platform and mobile device access terminal, the remote access of user can be realized.This system achieves monitoring and measurement and combines, and ensure that the accuracy that flooded feelings are monitored; The communication mode adopted is flexible, sane, greatly reduces building-up work amount, reduces construction cost; Checkout equipment is flexible for installation, convenient, the effective guarantee convenience of waterlogging alarm, validity and accuracy.
Below according to embodiments of the invention, provide a kind of waterlogging alarm method.
It should be noted that, the waterlogging alarm method of the embodiment of the present invention may be used for performing the waterlogging warning system that the embodiment of the present invention provides, and the waterlogging warning system of the embodiment of the present invention also can perform waterlogging alarm method.
Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of the waterlogging alarm method according to the embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 3, this waterlogging alarm method comprises following step S101 to S103.
Step S101, obtains the image information of target area.
This step can be performed by the image capture device 10 in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Step S102, analyzes image information, and to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area.
This step can be performed by the server 20 in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Step S103, exports waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
This step can be performed by the alarm equipment 30 in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Alternatively, before exporting waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, the method also comprises: detect the ambient parameter information in target area; And ambient parameter information is analyzed, to obtain the second analysis result, export waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation and comprise: export waterlogging warning information according to the second analysis result, ponding area and personnel's distribution situation.
According to waterlogging alarm method of the present invention, owing to comprising the following steps: the image information obtaining target area; Analyze image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, the first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in target area and target area; And export waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, solve the single problem causing waterlogging alarm validity difference of waterlogging information that waterlogging warning system obtains, and then export waterlogging warning information according to ponding area and personnel's distribution situation, reach the effect improving waterlogging alarm validity.
It should be noted that, can perform in the computer system of such as one group of computer executable instructions in the step shown in the process flow diagram of accompanying drawing, and, although show logical order in flow charts, but in some cases, can be different from the step shown or described by order execution herein.
Obviously, those skilled in the art should be understood that, above-mentioned of the present invention each module or each step can realize with general calculation element, they can concentrate on single calculation element, or be distributed on network that multiple calculation element forms, alternatively, they can realize with the executable program code of calculation element, thus, they can be stored and be performed by calculation element in the storage device, or they are made into each integrated circuit modules respectively, or the multiple module in them or step are made into single integrated circuit module to realize.Like this, the present invention is not restricted to any specific hardware and software combination.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a waterlogging warning system, is characterized in that, comprising:
Image capture device, for obtaining the image information of target area;
Server, for analyzing described image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, described first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in described target area and described target area; And
Alarm equipment, for exporting waterlogging warning information according to described ponding area and described personnel's distribution situation.
2. system according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described server, also for judging whether described ponding area exceedes preset area threshold value, and judges whether there is personnel's distribution within the scope of the predeterminable area centered by described lowered zones when described ponding area exceedes described preset area threshold value,
Wherein, described alarm equipment is used for exceeding described preset area threshold value in described ponding area and existing when personnel distribute within the scope of predeterminable area centered by described lowered zones exporting described waterlogging warning information.
3. system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described system also comprises:
Environment measuring equipment, for detecting the ambient parameter information in described target area,
Wherein, described server is used for analyzing described ambient parameter information, and to obtain the second analysis result, described alarm equipment is used for exporting described waterlogging warning information according to described second analysis result, described ponding area and described personnel's distribution situation.
4. system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described environment measuring equipment comprises following any one or plurality of devices:
Rain gage, for detecting the rainfall amount of described target area;
Fibre Optical Sensor, for detecting the depth of accumulated water of the lowered zones in described target area; And
Flowmeter, for detecting the flow of the freeing port in described target area.
5. system according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described server is also for judging following any one or multiple situation:
Whether described rainfall amount reaches first is preset rainfall amount threshold value, and wherein, described alarm equipment is used for exporting described waterlogging warning information when described rainfall amount reaches the described first default rainfall amount threshold value;
Whether described depth of accumulated water reaches first is preset depth of accumulated water threshold value, and wherein, described alarm equipment is used for exporting described waterlogging warning information when described depth of accumulated water reaches the described first default depth of accumulated water threshold value;
When described rainfall amount reaches the second default rainfall amount threshold value, whether the flow of described freeing port is lower than preset flow threshold value, wherein, described alarm equipment is used for reaching described second at described rainfall amount and presets rainfall amount threshold value and the flow of described freeing port lower than exporting described waterlogging warning information during described preset flow threshold value; And
When described depth of accumulated water reaches the second default depth of accumulated water threshold value, whether the flow of described freeing port is lower than described preset flow threshold value, wherein, described alarm equipment is used for reaching described second at described depth of accumulated water and presets depth of accumulated water threshold value and the flow of described freeing port lower than exporting described waterlogging warning information during described preset flow threshold value.
6. system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described system also comprises:
Remote-terminal unit, for obtain described environment measuring equipment Inspection to ambient parameter information and by network, described environmental information is sent to described server; And
Power supply, for powering to described environment measuring equipment and described remote-terminal unit, wherein, the energy source of described power supply comprises following any one or various energy resources: accumulator electric energy, sun power and wind energy.
7. system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the image information that described image capture device obtains is transmitted through the network to described server, wherein, described network comprises following any one or multiple network: Zigbee wireless local net network, and general grouped wireless service network.
8. system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described alarm equipment comprises broadcast alarms equipment and user moves alarm equipment, wherein, described broadcast alarms equipment is used for exporting described waterlogging warning information by the mode of broadcast, and described user moves alarm equipment for exporting described waterlogging warning information by the mode of note or multimedia message.
9. a waterlogging alarm method, is characterized in that, comprising:
Obtain the image information of target area;
Analyze described image information, to obtain the first analysis result, wherein, described first analysis result comprises the personnel's distribution situation in the ponding area of lowered zones in described target area and described target area; And
Waterlogging warning information is exported according to described ponding area and described personnel's distribution situation.
10. method according to claim 9, is characterized in that,
Before exporting waterlogging warning information according to described ponding area and described personnel's distribution situation, described method also comprises:
Detect the ambient parameter information in described target area; And
Described ambient parameter information is analyzed, to obtain the second analysis result,
Export waterlogging warning information according to described ponding area and described personnel's distribution situation to comprise:
Described waterlogging warning information is exported according to described second analysis result, described ponding area and described personnel's distribution situation.
CN201510226930.3A 2015-05-06 2015-05-06 Waterlogging warning system and method Pending CN104778648A (en)

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CN105550803A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-05-04 哈尔滨航天恒星数据系统科技有限公司 Urban water-logging analysis method and urban water-logging analysis system
CN106448163A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-02-22 广东中星微电子有限公司 Road monitoring method and road monitoring device
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CN113793482A (en) * 2021-09-14 2021-12-14 深圳市哈威飞行科技有限公司 Method, device and system for early warning of waterlogging and limiting warning
CN114119776A (en) * 2022-01-26 2022-03-01 江西省大气探测技术中心 Urban waterlogging point management method, system, storage medium and equipment
CN114119776B (en) * 2022-01-26 2022-06-21 江西省大气探测技术中心 Urban waterlogging point management method, system, storage medium and equipment

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Application publication date: 20150715