CN104775543A - Building surrounding protection structure fireproof and seepage-resistant self-heat-insulation inner wall body and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Building surrounding protection structure fireproof and seepage-resistant self-heat-insulation inner wall body and construction method thereof Download PDF

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CN104775543A
CN104775543A CN201510216816.2A CN201510216816A CN104775543A CN 104775543 A CN104775543 A CN 104775543A CN 201510216816 A CN201510216816 A CN 201510216816A CN 104775543 A CN104775543 A CN 104775543A
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self
keel
wall
heat conserving
steel wire
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CN104775543B (en
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俞锡贤
俞徵
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俞锡贤
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Abstract

The invention discloses a building surrounding protection structure fireproof and seepage-resistant self-heat-insulation inner wall body, which comprises a self-heat-insulation inner wall body sandwich plate, wherein the self-heat-insulation inner wall body sandwich plate comprises a bared panel; the surfaces of the two sides of the bared panel are respectively provided with steel wire net frames, and a space being 5 to 10mm is maintained between the steel wire net frames and the bared panel; the following setting is respectively arranged on the surfaces of the two sides of the self-heat-insulation inner wall body sandwich plate: a plastering mortar steel bar keel structure layer and a putty layer are sequentially installed; the plastering mortar steel bar keel structure layer comprises 3 to 5mm of polymer interface bonding mortar layer, a plastering mortar layer, a steel wire net frame and a keel assembly; the plastering mortar layer is sprayed and coated on the polymer interface bonding mortar layer; the steel wire net frame and the keel assembly are covered by the plastering mortar layer; the polymer interface bonding mortar layer is directly sprayed and coated onto the surface of the bared panel. The invention also discloses a construction method of the building surrounding protection structure fireproof and seepage-resistant self-heat-insulation inner wall body at the same time.

Description

Architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall and construction thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of architectural exterior-protecting construction to prevent fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall and construction thereof.
Background technology
The materials for wall of China is reformed and innovated the course of having passed by nearly 30 years.The original meaning of originally walling innovation, one is the waste in order to reduce land resources, the particularly consumption of arable land mellow soil; Two is the Coal Energy Source wastes in order to reduce in clay brick sintering procedure, energy-saving and emission-reduction; Three is the industrial and mining enterprises' byproducts such as flyash formed to develop coal-fired power plant, to reach solid waste comprehensive utilization, promotes environmental protection, recovers good ecological object.Measure according to thermodynamic metering: the wall-building blocks such as Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete brick, sintering thin-walled porous building-brick, between coefficient of thermal conductivity λ ≈ 0.10w/ (km)-0.20w/ (km), there is certain heat preservation and insulation.As body of wall base material, in compound, stickup after other heat insulating material, the thermal isolation requirement of China some areas (being mainly south) can be met.
In recent years, the industrial and mineral solid waste comprehensive development and utilization of China, non-only for making building block brick industry.The solid wastes such as flyash, stone chip-powder, blast-furnace cinder have been widely used in the production of construction materials such as ready mix concrete, premixing mortar field.Previous solid waste, has nowadays become the fragrant steamed bun that the personal value is high already, supply falls short of demand, very in great demand.The discarded desulfurated plaster of even heat-engine plant desulfurized formation, pile up like a mountain everywhere in the past, fill out nowhere and put, nowadays through scientific research, adopt plastering gupsum mortar of desulfurated plaster making cement admixture (retarding agent), production Thistle board, development architecture inner wall render etc., unexpectedly all become the abnormal good raw material widely of purposes.
Owing to developing rapidly, competition fully, the useless walling unit product inefficiencies of profit, also because of its lower compressive strength, impermeability is poor, material is crisp, shrink modification seriously, build generous space etc. the defect of occupying of wall and denounced repeatly.And lift Anhui Province's example, Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks is promoted motionless substantially, the Shuo Jia building block manufacturing enterprise of Hefei City, and majority is in half stopping production and even closes a business state.
Solid waste utilizes in scientific and technical innovation, products innovation, and whether should walling innovation more innovative thinking, innovative idea? the many experts of walling unit industry, were once advocating and were promoting light block being used as the heat-insulation and heat-preservation of body of wall, and actual effect not fully up to expectations.Fundamentally will solve building energy conservation (heat-insulation and heat-preservation) problem, existing all kinds of inorganic light weight building block is difficult to take on important task like this.So, the requirements at the higher level of the index of construction energy conservation selecting which type of walling could meet China progressively to improve, particularly " insulation of building Separate Home "?
The architectural exterior-protecting construction self-heat conserving inner wall that China adopts at present, based on single inorganic material class self-insulating wall material: 1.. Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks (brick); 2.. ceramsite concrete light-weight concrete block; 3.. sintering thin-walled porous building-brick bricks etc., the heat preservation and insulation of these light blocks also cannot reach national existing energy conservation standard index, and its compressive strength, anti-permeability performance can not meet the basic demand of space enclosing structure body of wall.While energy-saving effect is undesirable, at home nail shelf during finishing, to hang individual air-conditioning not firm, existence non-used, undertake to do what is apparently beyond one's ability.In addition, the body of wall adopting light block of heap of stone is not only wide but also thick, has tied up indoor usable floor area and the space of building in a large number, has lost more than gain.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention, is to provide a kind of architectural exterior-protecting construction and prevents fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall and construction thereof.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of architectural exterior-protecting construction and to prevent fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, this inner wall comprises self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
Self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet comprises naked panel, arranges steel wire net rack respectively in the both side surface of naked panel, and steel wire net rack and naked panel keep the spacing of 5 ~ 10mm;
Arrange as follows respectively in the both side surface of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet: set gradually motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer and putty layer;
Described motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer comprise 3 ~ 5mm polymer interface bonding mortar layer, be sprayed on plastering sand pulp layer on polymer interface bonding mortar layer and the steel wire net rack that covers by plastering sand pulp layer and keel component;
Polymer interface bonding mortar layer is painted on the surface of naked panel.
Remarks illustrate: said structure is: arrange putty layer on the surface of motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer (plastering sand pulp layer).
To prevent fires as architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention the improvement of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall:
Keel component is close to steel wire net rack, and described keel component is intersected by intersecting parallels or the transverse reinforcement keel of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel form.
To prevent fires as architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention the further improvement of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall:
Pouring concrete structural framing is made up of (this belongs to routine techniques) upper beam, underbeam, Zuo Zhu, right post; The bar planting hole group that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at upper beam place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups being positioned at upper beam are set at underbeam place; The bar planting hole group that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at left post place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups being positioned at left post are set at right post place; Every avenue system muscle hole group is made up of the bar planting hole that several spacing are equal;
Remarks illustrate: the spacing between horizontal bar planting hole is identical, and the spacing between vertical bar planting hole is identical; And above-mentioned 2 kinds of spacing can identical, also can not be identical;
When the transverse reinforcement keel that keel component is intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel form, the insertion that the two ends of vertical reinforcement keel are corresponding respectively and be fixed on the bar planting hole being positioned at upper beam and the bar planting hole being positioned at underbeam, the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel respectively correspondence insertion and be fixed on the bar planting hole being positioned at left post and the bar planting hole being positioned at right post; Thus make the keel component being positioned at self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet two sides realize being connected with pouring concrete structural framing, achieve the location of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing;
Therefore, the framework load-carrying members that naked panel is formed by the upper beam of steel wire net rack, keel component and building, underbeam, Zuo Zhu, right post symmetrically cable-stayed type construct, and achieve body of wall load stress and evenly transmit the object with use safety.
To prevent fires as architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention the further improvement of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall:
Naked panel is that fire-protection rating reaches E level and above EPS molding polyphenyl plate [λ ≈ 0.04w/ (km)], XPS extruded polystyrene board [λ ≈ 0.03w/ (km)], PUR hard polyurethane foam plate [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)] or phenolic foam board [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)].
To prevent fires as architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention the further improvement of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall:
Described plastering sand pulp layer is water proof type screed, plastering sand pulp layer or plastering gupsum screed.
To prevent fires as architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention the further improvement of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall:
The steel wire net rack being positioned at the both side surface of naked panel realizes fixing by reinforcing bar multifilament.
The present invention also provides above-mentioned architectural exterior-protecting construction simultaneously and to prevent fires the construction of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, in turn includes the following steps:
1) self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet, is prepared:
In the two sides of naked panel, the steel wire net rack identical with naked panel size is set respectively, described steel wire net rack and naked panel keep the spacing of 5 ~ 10mm, described steel wire net rack realizes being fixedly linked by reinforcing bar multifilament and naked panel, thus constitutes self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
2), at the axis place of inner wall above-mentioned self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet is set, arranges respectively in the two sides of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and to be intersected by intersecting parallels or keel component that the transverse reinforcement keel of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel form; This keel component is close to the steel wire net rack of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
3), pouring concrete structural framing is made up of (this is prior art) upper beam, underbeam, Zuo Zhu, right post;
The bar planting hole group that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at upper beam place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups being positioned at upper beam are set at underbeam place; The bar planting hole group that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at left post place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups being positioned at left post are set at right post place; Every avenue system muscle hole group is made up of the bar planting hole that several spacing are equal;
When the transverse reinforcement keel that keel component is intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel form, the insertion that the two ends of vertical reinforcement keel are corresponding respectively and be fixed on the bar planting hole being positioned at upper beam and the bar planting hole being positioned at underbeam, the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel respectively correspondence insertion and be fixed on the bar planting hole being positioned at left post and the bar planting hole being positioned at right post; Thus make the keel component of the two sides being positioned at self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing realize being connected, achieve the location of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing;
Remarks illustrate: when keel component is made up of the transverse reinforcement keel of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel, can with reference to said structure by that analogy;
4), wall pipe hole, reserved door and window mouth are set on naked panel, pre-buried circuit and the box body relevant with circuit on steel wire net rack;
Remarks illustrate: wall pipe hole comprises the wall pipe holes such as air-conditioning, heating installation, water power, combustion gas, geyser, and circuit comprises the circuits such as electric wire, netting twine, telephone wire, television line, and the box body relevant with circuit comprises associated connections box, switch enclosure, socket box etc.;
5), at the two sides of naked panel difference sprayed-on polymer bonding interface mortar, to strengthen the interfacial adhesion of naked panel and plastering sand pulp layer, thus the polymer interface bonding mortar layer of 3 ~ 5mm is formed;
6), at the surface spraying waterproofing mortar of polymer interface bonding mortar layer, motar or plastering gupsum mortar, thus form plastering sand pulp layer, the thickness requirement of plastering sand pulp layer can cover steel wire net rack and keel component, polymer interface bonding mortar layer, plastering sand pulp layer and the steel wire net rack that covers by plastering sand pulp layer and keel component jointly constitute motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer;
7), putty layer is set on the surface of plastering sand pulp layer (that is, motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer).
The present invention is made up of following raw and auxiliary material:
E level and above EPS molding polyphenyl plate [λ ≈ 0.04w/ (km)] (meeting GB/T29906-2013 " molding exterior insulation system for polyphenyl plate thin plastering exterior wall material " standard-required) is reached with fire-protection rating, or XPS extruded polystyrene board [λ ≈ 0.03w/ (km)] (meeting GB/T30595-2014 " thinly plastered external wall of extruded polystyrene board material for external thermal insulation system " standard-required), or PUR hard polyurethane foam plate [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)] (meeting JG/T314-2012 " hard polyurethane foam composite insulation boards " standard-required), or the various heat preservation plate material (for naked panel) such as phenolic foam board [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)] (with reference to GB20974 " hard phenol formaldehyde foam " standard-required and GB/T29906-2013 " molding exterior insulation system for polyphenyl plate thin plastering exterior wall material " standard-required) is as the sandwiched plate of self-heat conserving inner wall, and steel wire net rack (zinc-coated wire rack), reinforcing bar multifilament (the zinc-plated multifilament of penetration), reinforcing bar keel and fixed component thereof, epoxy building steel-bar-planting glue, building sealant, polymer interface bonding mortar (polymer interface mortar), spraying level premixing waterproofing mortar, spraying level premixing motar or spraying level plastering gupsum mortar etc. are common to be formed.
The present invention is specific as follows:
1), the thickness of selected self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich thermal insulated " naked face " plate, height and width, customize by engineering design Power Saving Class.Such as, selected EPS, XPS, PUR, phenolic foam board, its thickness can not be respectively 60mm, 50mm, 40mm not etc., and panel height is generally 2800mm-3000mm, and strip width is generally 1200mm.
The production method of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet (also known as self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich " wire side " heat preservation plate material): one is adopt EPS, XPS, PUR or phenolic foam board etc. " naked face " plate, two sides installs steel wire net rack, the zinc-plated abdomen silk of welding penetration additional, make steel wire net rack sandwich " wire side " warming plate (namely, self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet), be transported to job site from factory and install; Two is adopt EPS, XPS, PUR or phenolic foam board etc. " naked face " plate, be transported to building-site from factory to splice, arrange, install, be fixed to body of wall axis, to mat formation on " naked face " plate two sides again steel wire net rack, welding penetration zinc-plated abdomen silk, thus form " wire side " sandwich thermal insulated board wall core (i.e. self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet, its performance indications meet JC623-1996 " steel wire web-cement polystyrene sandwich board " standard-required).
2), in the present invention, horizontal bar planting hole on the upper beam adopting hand electric drill to be drilled to be ordered in building frame construction, the two parallel vertical bar planting holes of row on underbeam and left post, right post: the horizontal spacing between bar planting hole is 500mm, and the longitudinal pitch between bar planting hole is depending on the thickness of sandwiched plate; The diameter in bar planting hole is not less than 10mm, the degree of depth in bar planting hole is not less than 80mm.
When the keel component on " wire side " sandwiched plate two sides is with the arrangement of intersecting parallels interleaved mode, installation, behind the insertion building frame construction upper and lower beam bar planting hole, two ends of vertical reinforcement keel, inject bar planting hole with epoxy building steel-bar-planting glue, thus realize fixing of vertical reinforcement keel and upper and lower beam bar planting hole; In like manner, after left and right post bar planting hole is inserted at the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel, inject bar planting hole with epoxy building steel-bar-planting glue, thus realize fixing of transverse reinforcement keel and left and right post bar planting hole.That is, feature of the present invention implants reinforcing bar keel respectively in the bar planting hole of upper and lower beam and left and right post, and inject epoxy building steel-bar-planting glue and fix.Horizontal with vertical reinforcing bar keel and building frame spandrel girder post form grid rack-like structure, achieve the even transmission of body of wall load (comprising dead load and dynamic load or wind load etc.) stress, sandwich sheet is connected with upper and lower beam and left and right Column border node firmly sturdy.
Remarks illustrate: as by keel component with assume diamond in shape interleaved mode arrangement, be mounted to cable-stayed type grid rack-like structure time, can refer to aforesaid way and carry out.
3) the handing-over position galvanized wire between the handing-over position (that is, the overlapping place of transverse reinforcement keel and vertical reinforcement keel), in the present invention, between reinforcing bar keel, sandwich sheet steel wire net rack is tied up firmly; Such as, the handing-over position galvanized wire of transverse reinforcement keel and vertical reinforcement keel is tied up firmly; The handing-over position galvanized wire of sandwiched plate face steel wire net rack and reinforcing bar keel component is tied up firmly.
4), on " wire side " sandwich thermal insulation board, the wall pipe holes such as air-conditioning, heating installation, water power, combustion gas, geyser are reserved, built-in electric wire, netting twine, telephone wire, television line and associated connections box, switch enclosure, socket box on the steel wire net rack of sandwich thermal insulation board both sides, and tighten with galvanized wire.
5), relate to the sandwich thermal insulated sheet material of the pipes such as beam, post, doorframe, window, the window that wafts, air-conditioning, geyser, ventilation opening, hole, port part, splicing must be tight, and sheet material seam is greater than 1mm place, fills embedding jail with building sealant.
6), by polymer interface mortar spary on the surface layer of the both sides (naked panel both sides) of wire net frames core heated board.
7) waterproofing mortar/common motar or the plastering gupsum mortar of respective strengths and seepage-resistant grade and thickness, is sprayed by designing requirement interior wall arranged on left and right sides face.
Illustrate: require the design inner wall thickness such as thermal resistance according to southern and northern amblent air temperature difference, thermal parameter, insulation rank and inner wall principal section, sandwich thermal insulated plate thickness is generally southern 40-50mm, northern 50-60mm, and inner wall gross thickness is then advisable with≤120mm (i.e. the width of half brick).
Architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, all raw and auxiliary materials all by commercial or processed by regarding businesses in a conventional manner, customization and obtaining.Concrete example is as follows:
The polymer interface mortar (polymer interface bonding mortar) of spary on the surface layer of interior wall self-heat conserving central layer both sides, be made up of following material: the 1. cement mortar of compressive strength >=10mpa, 2. extraordinary thickening NMF (mixing by the 0.3-0.5% of cement mortar dry material quality) of HJ-E1 type, 3. HJ-E2 type height poly-bonding latex powder (mixing by the 1.0-1.5% of cement mortar dry material quality), be mixed with " spraying level polymer interface mortar " in factory, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " bonding adhesive " in JC149 " expansion joints bellows external thermal insulation system ".Spray-brushing equipment used, flush coater extruded by preferred YSYJ-I molding sand slurry, and the spary being carried out polymer interface mortar by professional construction personnel is constructed.
Be sprayed at premixing cement plastering mortar on the polymer interface mortar basal plane of the inner wall left and right sides (namely, motar, limit the use of in non-environment of paddling), be made up of following material: the 1. ordinary Portland cement motar of compressive strength >=10mpa, 2. HJ-C1 type machine sandblasting slurry water-loss reducer or HJ-C3 type mechanism mortar thickening agent (are mixed by the 0.05-0.10% of cement mortar dry material, HJ-C1 type is applicable to the dry-mixed machine spray motar that natural sand is produced, HJ-C3 type be applicable to Machine-made Sand produce dry-mixed machine spray motar) or HJ-C4 type wet mixing mortar plasticity-maintaining agent (mix by the 0.10-0.15% of cement mortar dry material quality, the machine of being applicable to squirts mixes motar), spraying level premixing cement (being dry mixed or wet-mixing) motar is mixed with in factory, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " wet-mixing motar " and " dry-mixed plastering mortar " in GB/T25181 " premixing mortar ".Spraying equipment used, flush coater extruded by preferred YSYJ-I molding sand slurry.The spray plaster construction of premixing cement (being dry mixed or wet-mixing) motar, is undertaken by professional construction personnel, and carries out metope receipts light or plucking by designing requirement.
Be sprayed at premixing cement waterproofing mortar on the polymer interface mortar basal plane of the inner wall left and right sides (namely, waterproofing mortar, recommendation is used for environment of paddling), be made up of following material: the 1. conventional cement mortar of compressive strength >=10mpa, 2. HJ-C1 type machine sandblasting slurry water-loss reducer or HJ-C3 type mechanism mortar thickening agent (are mixed by the 0.05-0.10% of cement mortar dry material, HJ-C1 type is suitable for the dry-mixed machine spray waterproofing mortar produced with natural sand, HJ-C3 type be suitable for Machine-made Sand produce dry-mixed machine spray waterproofing mortar) or HJ-C4 type wet mixing mortar plasticity-maintaining agent (mix by the 0.10-0.15% of cement mortar dry material quality, be applicable to wet-mixing machine spray waterproofing mortar), 3. HJ-F1 type activated modified water repellent agent (is mixed by the 0.4-0.5% of cement mortar dry material quality, be dry mixed and wet-mixing waterproofing mortar all applicable), spraying level premixing cement machine spray waterproof (being dry mixed or wet-mixing) mortar is mixed with in factory, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " wet-mixing waterproofing mortar " and " being dry mixed common waterproofing mortar " in GB/T25181 " premixing mortar ".Spraying equipment used, flush coater extruded by preferred YSYJ-I molding sand slurry.The spray plaster construction of premixing cement plastering mortar, is undertaken by professional construction personnel, and carries out metope receipts light or plucking by designing requirement.
Remarks illustrate: be sprayed at spraying level plastering gupsum mortar on the polymer interface mortar basal plane of the interior wall left and right sides (namely, plastering gupsum mortar can replace premixing cement plastering mortar, be applicable to non-environment metope of paddling) be made up of following material, formula one: 1. natural without water anhydrite 30-35 part, 2. in fine sand 65-70 part, 3. HJ-H1 type hard burnt plaster adjustable solidification agent 0.25-0.30 part, 4.: water-loss reducer 0.05-0.10 part is starched in the sandblasting of HJ-C1 type machine; Formula two: 1. desulfurization plaster of paris 25-30 part, 2. middle fine sand 70-75 part, 3. HJ-H2 type semi-hydrated gypsum adjustable solidification agent 0.20-.025 part, 4. HJ-C1 type machine sandblasting slurry water-loss reducer 0.05-0.10 part.This described two group of formula, all can be mixed with in factory the spraying level plastering gupsum mortar that grade of compressive strength is 5.0-7.5mpa, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " scratch coat gypsum " in GB/T28627 " plastering gupsum ".Spraying equipment used, preferred YSYJ-II molding sand slurry is from mixing flush coater.The spray plaster construction of plastering gupsum mortar, is undertaken by professional construction personnel.
Remarks illustrate: above-mentioned waterproofing mortar, common motar and plastering gupsum mortar additive and pumping thereof, spraying equipment all prebiotic livable building materials Science and Technology Ltd. can be buied from Hangzhou.
Architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires the heat-insulating property of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, depends on heat-insulating property and the thickness thereof of selected heat insulating sandwich sheet material.
Architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires the shock resistance of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, compressive strength, fire-protection rating and anti-permeability performance, then depend on the thickness of steel wire net rack, penetration zinc-plated abdomen silk, reinforcing bar keel and density and polymer interface mortar, design strength grade that premixing plasters (waterproof) mortar or plastering gupsum mortar and corresponding fire prevention, classification of waterproof.
Concrete scheme of the present invention is: steel wire net rack (the zinc-plated abdomen silk of welding penetration) sandwich thermal insulation board is spliced, arranges, installs, is fixed to the position, axis of inner wall by wall inclination requirement after, install additional vertically by intersecting parallels interleaved mode, (generally speaking, density is every m to transverse reinforcement keel 24, plate face, two-sided bar planting).Steel wire net rack and the overlapping position of reinforcing bar keel are tied up fixing by reusable lead silk, make to be woven into symmetrical grid rack-like formula structure between reinforcing bar keel (two-sided bar planting) and upper underbeam, left and right post.Wire net frames core heated board, reinforcing bar keel (two-sided bar planting), colligation galvanized wire and building structure constitute closely jointly, overall, continuous print mortar spraying basic unit wall core, overcome heat bridge and stress deformation.Then, successively at arranged on left and right sides spary polymer interface mortar, the spraying premixing waterproofing mortar/premixing motar or plastering gupsum mortar (limitting non-environment of paddling) of wire net frames core heated board, be built into architectural exterior-protecting construction and prevent fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall.
Sum up, architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, has notable feature and the advantage of following 8 aspects:
1. easy construction is easy, and operation process is quality controllable.
2. raw and auxiliary material used, preparation technique mature and reliable.
3. retaining wall narrows, and pressure-proof and snap-resistent intensity is good.
4. building structure weight reducing, interior space expansion is many.
5. Integral Loading alleviates, and Seismic Resistance And Disaster Reduction function improves.
6. fire prevention anti-seepage heat insulating, life-span and building are with old.
7., in the house operating period, repair maintenance cost less.
8. reducing the construction costs, the excellent significantly synergy of sexual valence.
In sum, the present invention not only has the advantage that raw and auxiliary material is easy to get, construction is simple and easy to do, also has above-mentioned premium properties, belongs to a great innovation and breakthrough in materials for wall and building heat preservation field, there is wide market application foreground, be worth in nationwide penetration and promotion.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is that architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires the schematic front view of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view that the A-A in Fig. 1 cuts open;
Fig. 3 is the close-up schematic view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the underbeam in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram of the keel component in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1, architectural exterior-protecting construction are prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, and this inner wall comprises self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet; Self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet comprises naked panel 1, arranges steel wire net rack 2 respectively in the both side surface of naked panel 1, and described steel wire net rack 2 and naked panel 1 keep the spacing of 5 ~ 10mm; Arrange as follows respectively in the both side surface of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet: set gradually motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer 4 and putty layer 5; Motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer 4 comprise 3 ~ 5mm polymer interface bonding mortar layer 41, be sprayed on plastering sand pulp layer 42 on polymer interface bonding mortar layer 41 and the steel wire net rack 2 that covers by plastering sand pulp layer 42 and keel component 3; Polymer interface bonding mortar layer 41 is painted on the surface of naked panel 1.
Keel component 3 is close to steel wire net rack 2, and keel component 3 is intersected by intersecting parallels or the transverse reinforcement keel 32 of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel 31 form.Pouring concrete structural framing is made up of (this belongs to prior art) upper beam 81, underbeam 82, left post 91, right post 92; The bar planting hole group 7 that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at upper beam 81 place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 being positioned at upper beam 81 are set at underbeam 82 place; The bar planting hole group 7 that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at left post 91 place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 being positioned at left post 91 are set at right post 92 place; Every avenue system muscle hole group 7 is made up of the bar planting hole 71 that several spacing are equal;
When the transverse reinforcement keel 32 that keel component 3 is intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel 31 form, the insertion that the two ends of vertical reinforcement keel 31 are corresponding respectively and be fixed on the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at upper beam 81 and the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at underbeam 82, the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel 32 respectively correspondence insertion and be fixed on the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at left post 91 and the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at right post 92; Thus make the keel component 3 being positioned at self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet two sides realize being connected with pouring concrete structural framing, achieve the location of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing.
Naked panel 1 reaches E level and above EPS molding polyphenyl plate [λ ≈ 0.04w/km], XPS extruded polystyrene board [λ ≈ 0.03w/km], PUR hard polyurethane foam plate [λ ≈ 0.02w/km] or phenolic foam board [λ ≈ 0.02w/km] for fire-protection rating.
Plastering sand pulp layer 42 is water proof type screed, plastering sand pulp layer or plastering gupsum screed.
The steel wire net rack 2 being positioned at the both side surface of naked panel 1 realizes fixing by reinforcing bar multifilament.
Above-mentioned architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires the construction of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, carries out following steps successively:
1) self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet, is prepared:
In the two sides of naked panel 1, the steel wire net rack 2 identical with naked panel 1 size is set respectively, steel wire net rack 2 and naked panel 1 keep the spacing of 5 ~ 10mm, steel wire net rack 2 realizes being fixedly linked by the reinforcing bar multifilament and naked panel 1 running through naked panel 1, thus constitutes self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
Remarks: said structure can make sandwiched plate system more stable.
2), at the axis place of inner wall above-mentioned self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet is set, arranges respectively in the two sides of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and to be intersected by intersecting parallels or keel component 3 that the transverse reinforcement keel 32 of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel 31 form; This keel component 3 is close to the steel wire net rack 2 of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
3), pouring concrete structural framing is made up of upper beam 81, underbeam 82, left post 91, right post 92;
The bar planting hole group 7 that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at upper beam 81 place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 being positioned at upper beam 81 are set at underbeam 82 place; The bar planting hole group 7 that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at left post 91 place, the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 corresponding with the 2 avenue system muscle hole groups 7 being positioned at left post 91 are set at right post 92 place; Every avenue system muscle hole group 7 is made up of the bar planting hole 71 that several spacing are equal;
When the transverse reinforcement keel 32 that keel component 3 is intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel 31 form, the insertion that the two ends of vertical reinforcement keel 31 are corresponding respectively and be fixed on the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at upper beam 81 and the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at underbeam 82, the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel 32 respectively correspondence insertion and be fixed on the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at left post 91 and the bar planting hole 71 being positioned at right post 92; Thus make the keel component 3 of the two sides being positioned at self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing realize being connected, achieve the location of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing;
4), wall pipe hole, reserved door and window mouth are set on naked panel 1, pre-buried circuit and the box body relevant with circuit on steel wire net rack 2;
Remarks illustrate: wall pipe hole comprises the wall pipe holes such as air-conditioning, heating installation, water power, combustion gas, geyser, and circuit comprises the circuits such as electric wire, netting twine, telephone wire, television line, and the box body relevant with circuit comprises associated connections box, switch enclosure, socket box etc.;
5), at the two sides of naked panel 1 difference sprayed-on polymer bonding interface mortar, to strengthen the interfacial adhesion of naked panel 1 and plastering sand pulp layer 42, thus the polymer interface bonding mortar layer 41 of 3 ~ 5mm is formed;
6), at the surface spraying waterproofing mortar of polymer interface bonding mortar layer 41, motar or plastering gupsum mortar, thus form plastering sand pulp layer 42, the thickness requirement of plastering sand pulp layer 42 can cover steel wire net rack 2 and keel component 3, polymer interface bonding mortar layer 41, plastering sand pulp layer 42 and the steel wire net rack 2 that covers by plastering sand pulp layer 42 and keel component 3 jointly constitute motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer 4;
7, putty layer 5 is set on the surface of plastering sand pulp layer 42 (motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer 4).
Test 1, be made up of following raw and auxiliary material:
1), naked panel 1 selects EPS " naked panel ", thickness 60mm; For fire-protection rating E level and above fire-retardant EPS molding polyphenyl plate [λ=0.040w/ (km)]; Apparent density 22kg/m 3, other performance meets GB/T 29906-2013 " molding exterior insulation system for polyphenyl plate thin plastering exterior wall material " standard-required.
2), steel wire net rack 2: select diameter to be the zinc-plated electric welding gauze wire cloth of 3mm, the long 50mm of warp-wise mesh, the long 50mm of broadwise mesh, be covered in the upper and lower faces of naked panel 1.
3), zinc-plated abdomen silk (reinforcing bar multifilament): selecting diameter to be the zinc-coated wire of 2mm is penetration welding abdomen silk.Through naked panel 1, the spot welding of upper and lower surface gauze wire cloth is made grid rack-like formula structure.
4), keel component 3: the transverse reinforcement keel 32 intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel 31 form, and the arrangement pitches between transverse reinforcement keel 32 is 500mm, and the arrangement pitches between vertical reinforcement keel 31 is also 500mm.The diameter of transverse reinforcement keel 32 and vertical reinforcement keel 31 is 6mm.
5), tie up with galvanized wire: the reinforcing bar keel for transverse reinforcement keel 32 and vertical reinforcement keel 31 being fixed into keel component tie up fixed component.
6), the polymer interface mortar (thickness be 5mm) of spary on the surface layer of interior wall self-heat conserving central layer both sides, be made up of following material: the 1. cement mortar of compressive strength >=10mpa, 2. extraordinary thickening NMF (mixing by the 0.3-0.5% of cement mortar dry material quality) of HJ-E1 type, 3. HJ-E2 type height poly-bonding latex powder (mixing by the 1.0-1.5% of cement mortar dry material quality), be mixed with " spraying level polymer interface mortar " in factory, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " bonding adhesive " in JC149 " expansion joints bellows external thermal insulation system ".Spray-brushing equipment used, flush coater extruded by preferred YSYJ-I molding sand slurry, and the spary being carried out polymer interface mortar by professional construction personnel is constructed.
7), be sprayed at premixing cement plastering mortar on the polymer interface mortar basal plane of the inner wall left and right sides (namely, motar, limit the use of in non-environment of paddling), be made up of following material: the 1. ordinary Portland cement motar of compressive strength >=10mpa, 2. HJ-C1 type machine sandblasting slurry water-loss reducer or HJ-C3 type mechanism mortar thickening agent (are mixed by the 0.05-0.10% of cement mortar dry material, HJ-C1 type is applicable to the dry-mixed machine spray motar that natural sand is produced, HJ-C3 type be applicable to Machine-made Sand produce dry-mixed machine spray motar) or HJ-C4 type wet mixing mortar plasticity-maintaining agent (mix by the 0.10-0.15% of cement mortar dry material quality, the machine of being applicable to squirts mixes motar), spraying level premixing cement (being dry mixed or wet-mixing) motar is mixed with in factory, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " wet-mixing motar " and " dry-mixed plastering mortar " in GB/T25181 " premixing mortar ".Spraying equipment used, flush coater extruded by preferred YSYJ-I molding sand slurry.The spray plaster construction of premixing cement (being dry mixed or wet-mixing) motar, is undertaken by professional construction personnel, and carries out metope receipts light or plucking by designing requirement.
8), be sprayed at premixing cement waterproofing mortar on the polymer interface mortar basal plane of the inner wall left and right sides (namely, waterproofing mortar, recommendation is used for environment of paddling), be made up of following material: the 1. conventional cement mortar of compressive strength >=10mpa, 2. HJ-C1 type machine sandblasting slurry water-loss reducer or HJ-C3 type mechanism mortar thickening agent (are mixed by the 0.05-0.10% of cement mortar dry material, HJ-C1 type is suitable for the dry-mixed machine spray waterproofing mortar produced with natural sand, HJ-C3 type be suitable for Machine-made Sand produce dry-mixed machine spray waterproofing mortar) or HJ-C4 type wet mixing mortar plasticity-maintaining agent (mix by the 0.10-0.15% of cement mortar dry material quality, be applicable to wet-mixing machine spray waterproofing mortar), 3. HJ-F1 type activated modified water repellent agent (is mixed by the 0.4-0.5% of cement mortar dry material quality, be dry mixed and wet-mixing waterproofing mortar all applicable), spraying level premixing cement machine spray waterproof (being dry mixed or wet-mixing) mortar is mixed with in factory, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " wet-mixing waterproofing mortar " and " being dry mixed common waterproofing mortar " in GB/T25181 " premixing mortar ".Spraying equipment used, flush coater extruded by preferred YSYJ-I molding sand slurry.The spray plaster construction of premixing cement plastering mortar, is undertaken by professional construction personnel, and carries out metope receipts light or plucking by designing requirement.
Remarks illustrate: be sprayed at spraying level plastering gupsum mortar on the polymer interface mortar basal plane of the interior wall left and right sides (namely, plastering gupsum mortar can replace premixing cement plastering mortar, be applicable to non-environment metope of paddling) be made up of following material, formula one: 1. natural without water anhydrite 30-35 part, 2. in fine sand 65-70 part, 3. HJ-H1 type hard burnt plaster adjustable solidification agent 0.25-0.30 part, 4.: water-loss reducer 0.05-0.10 part is starched in the sandblasting of HJ-C1 type machine; Formula two: 1. desulfurization plaster of paris 25-30 part, 2. middle fine sand 70-75 part, 3. HJ-H2 type semi-hydrated gypsum adjustable solidification agent 0.20-.025 part, 4. HJ-C1 type machine sandblasting slurry water-loss reducer 0.05-0.10 part.This described two group of formula, all can be mixed with in factory the spraying level plastering gupsum mortar that grade of compressive strength is 5.0-7.5mpa, performance indications meet the quality requirement of " scratch coat gypsum " in GB/T28627 " plastering gupsum ".Spraying equipment used, preferred YSYJ-II molding sand slurry is from mixing flush coater.The spray plaster construction of plastering gupsum mortar, is undertaken by professional construction personnel.
The thickness of plastering sand pulp layer 42 is 25mm.
Above body of wall gross thickness is 120mm (half brick thickness), and gross weight is about 105kg/m 2(cement plastering mortar/waterproof mortar finish) or 95kg/m 2(plastering gupsum sand finish).The thickness (mm) of various composition material refers to listed by following table 1:
Table 1
Sandwiched plate Boundary mortar Plaster/waterproofing mortar or gypsum mortar Body of wall gross thickness
EPS plate 60 5 × two-sided=10 25 × two-sided=50 120
Remarks illustrate: 6), 7), 8) every waterproofing mortar, common motar and plastering gupsum mortar additive described in three sections and pumping thereof, spraying equipment all prebiotic livable building materials Science and Technology Ltd. can buy from Hangzhou.
Experiment 2. its be made up of following raw and auxiliary material:
1), naked panel 1:XPS " naked panel ", thickness 50mm; For fire-protection rating E level and above fire-retardant XPS extruded polystyrene board [λ ≈ 0.03w/ (km)]; Apparent density 32kg/m 3, other performance meets the corresponding Standard of XPS extruded polystyrene board.
2), the zinc-plated abdomen silk of steel wire net rack 2, penetration, reinforcing bar keel, tie up with galvanized wire, all with testing 1;
3), the formula of polymer interface mortar is with experiment 1;
4), the formula of premixing waterproofing mortar, premixing motar or plastering gupsum mortar is with experiment 1.
Above body of wall gross thickness is 120mm, and gross weight is about 105kg/m 2(cement plastering mortar/waterproof mortar finish) or 95kg/m 2(plastering gupsum sand finish).The thickness (mm) of various composition material refers to listed by following table 2:
Table 2
Sandwiched plate Boundary mortar Plaster/waterproofing mortar or gypsum mortar Body of wall gross thickness
XPS plate 50 5 × two-sided=10 25 × two-sided=50 110
Experiment 3. its be made up of following raw and auxiliary material:
1), naked panel 1:PUR " naked panel ", thickness is 40mm; Fire-protection rating reaches E level and above fire-retardant PUR hard polyurethane foam plate [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)]; Apparent density 30kg/m 3, other performance should meet the corresponding Standard of PUR hard polyurethane foam plate.
2), the zinc-plated abdomen silk of steel wire net rack 2, penetration, reinforcing bar keel, tie up with galvanized wire, all with testing 1;
3), the formula of polymer interface mortar is with test 1;
4), the formula of premixing waterproofing mortar, premixing motar or plastering gupsum mortar is with test 1.
Above body of wall gross thickness is 120mm, and gross weight is about 105kg/m 2(cement plastering mortar/waterproof mortar finish) or 95kg/m 2(plastering gupsum sand finish).The thickness (mm) of various composition material refers to listed by following table 3:
Table 3
Sandwiched plate Boundary mortar Plaster/waterproofing mortar or gypsum mortar Body of wall gross thickness
PUR plate 40 5 × two-sided=10 25 × two-sided=50 100
When making self-heat preserving sandwich plate as adopted the other types warming plates such as phenolic foam board, aerogel plate, cement board or fiber-reinforced composite warming plate, by the design of various places building energy conservation grade, thicken or thinning insulation sandwich board (being as the criterion to meet property indices requirement); Polymer interface mortar, premixing motar, premixing waterproofing mortar and plastering gupsum mortar design thickness, then by that analogy.
Note: 1. according to products standards, the dry density (kg/m of self heat insulation wall composition material 3) value is: building block 1000, pea gravel concreten 2000, polymer interface mortar/premixing are plastered/waterproofing mortar 1700, plastering gupsum mortar 1500;
2. coefficient of thermal conductivity is when designing and calculating, owing to there is heat bridge, therefore the heat conduction correction factor of insulation sandwich board is considered according to design specifications, that is: revise by design coefficient of thermal conductivity=coefficient of thermal conductivity λ × correction factor k (having the little column k=1.3 of heat bridge, the macroplate k=1.05 without heat bridge) formula.]
Analyze and conclusion
Architectural exterior-protecting construction self-heat conserving inner wall of the present invention, while improve building fire protection, interior wall waterproof, body of wall shock resistance, ensure that heat insulating inner wall performance, sound insulation value and endurance quality (these performances meet industry relevant criterion all completely), the thick blockwork without INSULATION DESIGN of self-heat conserving inner wall Thickness Ratio China existing 240mm in various places is thinned 120mm or 130mm respectively or 140mm is thick.The solid brick inner wall without insulation effect that the existing 240mm of inner wall weight ratio China is thick alleviates the load of about 50%; The light block brick inner wall thicker than 240mm alleviates the load of about 30%.Significantly enhance the anti-seismic performance of building, saved constructional materials, saved construction cost, add indoor spendable area and space, ensure that useful life longevity and the safety of building.
Architectural exterior-protecting construction of the present invention is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, compare with existing walling (building block), produce, easy construction is easy, quality is more reliable, application life is completely synchronous with building body, meets the different building energy-saving standard requirement in various places.
Be stressed that especially, the residential houses of China, water power is individual metering charge, combustion gas is also individual metering charge, and the heating of northern area also progressively becomes " giving a special mess " pattern of " household heating, point family charge " from " big-pot " mode reform of " unification heats, shares charge equally ".And the building heat preservation that China is existing, it is also most that what still adopt is " the residence one is incubated " pattern of " a Surgery therapy wadded jacket is worn in a building, building ", materials for wall due to current most internal partition wall does not have good heat insulation, heat-insulating property, the heating installation that East Unit is opened, heat is penetrated between Xidan unit and corridor by the inner separation wall body of heat conduction greatly, causes the huge waste of Thermal Energy of Central Heating.Humorous cross-talk is first had to describe this problem: the left neighbour of certain resident family opens heating installation, right house also opens heating installation, he lives in intermediate sleeve, a winter has gone over, unexpectedly heating installation was not opened, do not need the heating expense of friendship one mao, also feel the winter " very warm, satisfied " of this " free heating "! Of the present invention applying will make " insulation of building Separate Home " become a reality.Building energy conservation and indoor usage space are synchronously improved, and termination house ties up indoor because internal partition wall is generous can usable floor area and the history in space, makes the living space of people present more spacious, more comfortable on year-on-year basis.
In addition, the architectural exterior-protecting construction inner separation wall body of southern area, as during without higher power conservation requirement, sandwich sheet also can be selected sheet materials such as " organo-mineral complexing class sheet materials; as fire prevention anti-seepage heat insulating plate; patent of invention ZL201310264548.2 [λ ≈ 0.07w/ (km)], stone(mine)cotton plate, cement board, fiber-reinforced composite warming plate, Thistle board ", to meet the requirement of architectural design indices.
Finally, it is also to be noted that what enumerate above is only several specific embodiments of the present invention.Obviously, the invention is not restricted to above embodiment, many distortion can also be had.All distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive from content disclosed by the invention or associate, all should think protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that: described inner wall comprises self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
Described self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet comprises naked panel (1), arrange steel wire net rack (2) respectively in the both side surface of naked panel (1), described steel wire net rack (2) and naked panel (1) keep the spacing of 5 ~ 10mm;
Arrange as follows respectively in the both side surface of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet: set gradually motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer (4) and putty layer (5);
Described motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer (4) comprise 3 ~ 5mm polymer interface bonding mortar layer (41), be sprayed on plastering sand pulp layer (42) on polymer interface bonding mortar layer (41) and the steel wire net rack (2) that covers by plastering sand pulp layer (42) and keel component (3);
Described polymer interface bonding mortar layer (41) is painted on the surface of naked panel (1).
2. architectural exterior-protecting construction according to claim 1 is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that:
Keel component (3) is close to steel wire net rack (2), and described keel component (3) is intersected by intersecting parallels or the transverse reinforcement keel (32) of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel (31) form.
3. architectural exterior-protecting construction according to claim 2 is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that:
Pouring concrete structural framing is made up of upper beam (81), underbeam (82), left post (91), right post (92); Bar planting hole group (7) that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at upper beam (81) place, 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) corresponding with 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) being positioned at upper beam (81) are set at underbeam (82) place; Bar planting hole group (7) that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at left post (91) place, 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) corresponding with 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) being positioned at left post (91) are set at right post (92) place; Every avenue system muscle hole group (7) is made up of the bar planting hole (71) that several spacing are equal;
When the transverse reinforcement keel (32) that keel component (3) is intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel (31) form, the insertion that the two ends of vertical reinforcement keel (31) are corresponding respectively and be fixed on the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at upper beam (81) and the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at underbeam (82), the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel (32) respectively correspondence insertion and be fixed on the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at left post (91) and the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at right post (92); Thus make the keel component (3) being positioned at self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet two sides realize being connected with pouring concrete structural framing, achieve the location of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing.
4. architectural exterior-protecting construction according to claim 3 is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that:
Described naked panel (1) reaches E level and above EPS molding polyphenyl plate [λ ≈ 0.04w/ (km)], XPS extruded polystyrene board [λ ≈ 0.03w/ (km)], PUR hard polyurethane foam plate [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)] or phenolic foam board [λ ≈ 0.02w/ (km)] for fire-protection rating.
5. architectural exterior-protecting construction according to claim 4 is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that:
Described plastering sand pulp layer (42) is water proof type screed, plastering sand pulp layer or plastering gupsum screed.
6. architectural exterior-protecting construction according to claim 5 is prevented fires impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that:
The steel wire net rack (2) being positioned at the both side surface of naked panel (1) realizes fixing by reinforcing bar multifilament.
7. architectural exterior-protecting construction is prevented fires the construction of impervious self-heat conserving inner wall, it is characterized in that in turn including the following steps:
1) self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet, is prepared:
In the two sides of naked panel (1), the steel wire net rack (2) identical with naked panel (1) size is set respectively, described steel wire net rack (2) and naked panel (1) keep the spacing of 5 ~ 10mm, described steel wire net rack (2) realizes being fixedly linked by reinforcing bar multifilament and naked panel (1), thus constitutes self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
2), at the axis place of inner wall above-mentioned self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet is set, arranges respectively in the two sides of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and to be intersected by intersecting parallels or keel component (3) that the transverse reinforcement keel (32) of diamond crossing and vertical reinforcement keel (31) form; This keel component (3) is close to the steel wire net rack (2) of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet;
3), pouring concrete structural framing is made up of upper beam (81), underbeam (82), left post (91), right post (92);
Bar planting hole group (7) that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at upper beam (81) place, 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) corresponding with 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) being positioned at upper beam (81) are set at underbeam (82) place; Bar planting hole group (7) that 2 row are parallel to each other is set at left post (91) place, 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) corresponding with 2 avenue system muscle holes group (7) being positioned at left post (91) are set at right post (92) place; Every avenue system muscle hole group (7) is made up of the bar planting hole (71) that several spacing are equal;
When the transverse reinforcement keel (32) that keel component (3) is intersected by intersecting parallels and vertical reinforcement keel (31) form, the insertion that the two ends of vertical reinforcement keel (31) are corresponding respectively and be fixed on the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at upper beam (81) and the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at underbeam (82), the two ends of transverse reinforcement keel (32) respectively correspondence insertion and be fixed on the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at left post (91) and the bar planting hole (71) being positioned at right post (92); Thus make the keel component (3) of the two sides being positioned at self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet realize being connected with pouring concrete structural framing, achieve the location of self-heat conserving inner wall sandwich sheet and pouring concrete structural framing;
4), wall pipe hole, reserved door and window mouth are set on naked panel (1), at the upper pre-buried circuit of steel wire net rack (2) and the box body relevant with circuit;
5), at the two sides of naked panel (1) difference sprayed-on polymer bonding interface mortar, to strengthen the interfacial adhesion of naked panel (1) and plastering sand pulp layer (42), thus form the polymer interface bonding mortar layer (41) of 3 ~ 5mm;
6), at the surface spraying waterproofing mortar of polymer interface bonding mortar layer (41), motar or plastering gupsum mortar, thus form plastering sand pulp layer (42), the thickness requirement of plastering sand pulp layer (42) can cover steel wire net rack (2) and keel component (3), polymer interface bonding mortar layer (41), plastering sand pulp layer (42) and the steel wire net rack (2) that covers by plastering sand pulp layer (42) and keel component (3) jointly constitute motar reinforcing bar keel structure layer (4);
7), putty layer (5) is set on the surface of plastering sand pulp layer (42).
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