CN104774630A - Coal pyrolysis equipment - Google Patents

Coal pyrolysis equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104774630A
CN104774630A CN201510156430.7A CN201510156430A CN104774630A CN 104774630 A CN104774630 A CN 104774630A CN 201510156430 A CN201510156430 A CN 201510156430A CN 104774630 A CN104774630 A CN 104774630A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
coal
pyrolysis
dedusting
equipment according
dust
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510156430.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱书成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Longcheng Coal Efficient Technology Application Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Henan Longcheng Coal Efficient Technology Application Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan Longcheng Coal Efficient Technology Application Co Ltd filed Critical Henan Longcheng Coal Efficient Technology Application Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510156430.7A priority Critical patent/CN104774630A/en
Publication of CN104774630A publication Critical patent/CN104774630A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/30Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using loose filtering material
    • B01D46/32Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using loose filtering material the material moving during filtering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • C10B53/04Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of powdered coal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/02Dust removal
    • C10K1/024Dust removal by filtration

Abstract

The invention discloses coal pyrolysis equipment. The coal pyrolysis equipment comprises a coal pyrolysis device, a coal conveying device, a power source, a pyrolysis gas dust removal device and a dust removal particle supply device, wherein the coal pyrolysis device is used for pyrolyzing coals; the coal conveying device is used for removing the dust of the gas subjected to the coal pyrolysis; the power source is used for supplying power to the coal conveying device; the pyrolysis gas dust removal device is used for removing the dust of the gas subjected to the coal pyrolysis; the dust particle supply device is used for supplying dust removal particles to the pyrolysis gas dust removal device. The coal pyrolysis equipment is high in utilization rate of the dust removal particles.

Description

A kind of pyrolysis of coal equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pyrolysis of coal equipment, belong to the pyrolysis art of coal dust.
Background technology
Coal is one of important energy source of China.With regard to the explored disposable energy reserve situation of current China, China is oil starvation, a weak breath, and the country of coal resources relative abundance, " oil starvation, weak breath, rich coal " is the fundamental realities of the country of China.Although the Coal Energy Source rich reserves of China, according to current behaviour in service, the pollution that the use of coal causes but is the fact that can not be ignored.Therefore, coal still using the main energy sources as China, and the haze weather of current nationwide, then require again that we utilize Coal Energy Source cleanly.
In order to reduce the pollution that Coal Energy Source utilizes, there is a lot of pyrolysis of coal equipment.Such as, but still there is diversified problem in current pyrolysis of coal equipment, efficiency of dust collection is low, level of automation is low, and this is in fact also a kind of waste of the energy.
For the sector practitioner, the pyrolysis of coal equipment that design automation degree is higher, efficiency of dust collection is higher is consistent target.
Summary of the invention
For this reason, provide following pyrolysis of coal device, to improve level of automation and the efficiency of dust collection of pyrolysis of coal equipment further.
A kind of pyrolysis of coal equipment, comprising:
Propulsion source, with thinking that system provides power;
Transmission mechanism, in order to transmit the power of propulsion source;
Pyrolysis of coal device, in order to carry out pyrolysis by coal;
Coal e Foerderanlage, in order to be delivered to pyrolysis of coal device by coal;
Pyrolysis gas cleaning apparatus, in order to carry out dedusting by the gas after pyrolysis of coal;
Dedusting particle feeding mechanism, in order to be supplied to pyrolysis gas cleaning apparatus by dedusting particle.
By above device, the pyrolysis to coal and the purification to its pyrolysis product can be realized, thus improve the clean-up performance of the energy, and use electromechanical compo, improve level of automation and efficiency of dust collection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of pyrolysis of coal device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the transmission mechanism schematic diagram of pyrolysis of coal device of the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, motor 1 drives reduction gear housing 2, for whole device provides power.Reduction gear housing drives feeding screw 3, coal is delivered to pyrolysis of coal device 4.Pyrolysis of coal device 4 is by pyrolysis of coal, and the gas of generation enters in fly-ash separator 5, and with the dedusting particle contacts supplied in dedusting particle feeding mechanism 6, thus remove the dust pollution thing in gas.Gas after clean is discharged by transport pipe 8, and the dedusting particle after adsorption of dust then enters dedusting particle collection device 7.
In order to increase operation rate, dedusting particle collection device 7 comprises vibratory screening apparatus 71, dust collection 72, dedusting granule circulating device 73.When dedusting particle is fallen on vibratory screening apparatus 71, by the effect of vibratory screening apparatus, make dust and dedusting particle sharp separation, and then fall into dust collection 72, thus facilitate recycling of dedusting particle.Dedusting particle after clean, then through dedusting granule circulating device 73, enters in dedusting particle feeding mechanism 6 again for next time.
In order to increase operation rate further, pressure test device is set at the pyrolysis of coal gas entrance of fly-ash separator 5, the air pressure at this place be detected, pilot lamp is set on the table, reduction box is set after motor.Different according to the height of air pressure, pilot lamp display red, yellow, and green three kinds of colors, represent the high, medium and low of air pressure respectively.Correspondingly, according to the color of pilot lamp, select the different gears of reduction box.
As shown in Figure 2, the input shaft of reduction box is the output shaft 2 of motor, and the output shaft 3 of reduction box is provided with I gear passive gear 82 and II keeps off passive gear 84 and shifter S, and two gears are all bearing on axle 3 by bearing.Output shaft 2 is selectively connected by clutch coupling 5 with output shaft 3.In addition, also comprise driven axle 4, driven axle 4 is provided with passive gear 7 and I keeps off driving toothed gear 81 and II gear driving toothed gear 83, three gears are all fixedly connected with driven axle 4.
Wherein, dedusting granule circulating device 73 can select chapelet.Dedusting particle can select the good porcelain ball of absorption property, activated carbon granule etc.Moving-bed fly-ash separator selected by fly-ash separator 5.
The working process of pyrolysis of coal device of the present invention is as follows:
Coal is delivered to pyrolysis of coal reactor by reduction box by motor, and coal is carried out pyrolysis.Its inner formation dedusting granular layer is entered from moving-bed fly-ash separator top through dedusting particle feeding mechanism, through the bottom entering moving-bed fly-ash separator containing dusty gas from pyrolysis of coal reactor through described feeding screw that the pyrolysis of pyrolysis of coal reactor produces, thus the gas in moving-bed fly-ash separator inside containing dust moves from bottom to top, and dedusting particle moves from the top down, both form counter current contact, dust in this course in oil gas is tackled by dedusting particle, dedusting particle containing dust falls on vibratory screening apparatus, through the effect of vibratory screening apparatus, in vibration processes, dust falls into the dust collection 8 of sieve below, dedusting particle is then delivered to particulate charge device by chapelet, re-enter moving-bed fly-ash separator inner, and the gas not containing dust after dedusting granular absorption is discharged from described gas output device, thus realize dust object separated from the gas.
When air pressure indicator lamp display distinct colors, according to circumstances select the different gears of reduction box.Wherein, when clutch coupling 5 engages, shifter S mediates, and is top gear, is equivalent to motor straight tape splicing and moves output shaft 3 and export.When clutch coupling 5 separate type, different according to the position of shifter S, be divided into I to keep off and II gear; Wherein, when shifter S is positioned at left side, the power of motor is exported by gear 6 → 7 → 81 → 82 → output shaft 3, and when shifter S is positioned at right side, the power of motor is exported by gear 6 → 7 → 83 → 84 → output shaft 3.

Claims (8)

1. a pyrolysis of coal equipment, comprising:
Pyrolysis of coal device, in order to carry out pyrolysis by coal;
Coal e Foerderanlage, in order to be delivered to described pyrolysis of coal device by coal;
Propulsion source, with thinking that described coal e Foerderanlage provides power;
Pyrolysis gas cleaning apparatus, in order to carry out dedusting by the gas after pyrolysis of coal;
Dedusting particle feeding mechanism, in order to be supplied to described pyrolysis gas cleaning apparatus by dedusting particle;
Dedusting particle collection device, in order to collect the dedusting particle after the dust in adsorbed gas, for recycling;
Manual control device, for controlling the transfer rate of coal e Foerderanlage.
2. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that, between described propulsion source and described coal e Foerderanlage, be also provided with transmission mechanism, wherein said manual control device controls described transmission mechanism.
3. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described propulsion source is motor, and described e Foerderanlage is feeding screw.
4. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises dedusting particle collection device, in order to collect the dedusting particle after the dust in adsorbed gas.
5. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described dedusting particle collection device comprises a powder dust separating device, a dust collection, a dedusting granule circulating device.
6. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises a pressure test device and air pressure indicator lamp.
7. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described transmission mechanism comprises: input shaft, output shaft, which is provided with I gear passive gear and II keeps off passive gear and shifter, and two gears are all bearing on axle by bearing, input shaft is selectively connected by clutch coupling with output shaft, also comprise driven axle, driven axle is provided with passive gear and I keeps off driving toothed gear and II keeps off driving toothed gear, and three gears are all fixedly connected with driven axle.
8. pyrolysis of coal equipment according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described powder dust separating device is vibratory screening apparatus, and described dedusting granule circulating device is chapelet.
CN201510156430.7A 2015-04-03 2015-04-03 Coal pyrolysis equipment Pending CN104774630A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510156430.7A CN104774630A (en) 2015-04-03 2015-04-03 Coal pyrolysis equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510156430.7A CN104774630A (en) 2015-04-03 2015-04-03 Coal pyrolysis equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104774630A true CN104774630A (en) 2015-07-15

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510156430.7A Pending CN104774630A (en) 2015-04-03 2015-04-03 Coal pyrolysis equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104774630A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106621616A (en) * 2015-07-16 2017-05-10 江苏中科睿赛污染控制工程有限公司 Gas dust removing apparatus, dust removing method, and uses thereof

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CN104097958A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-15 天津多乐鹏科技有限公司 Novel automatic screw feeding device
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101041780A (en) * 2007-04-16 2007-09-26 王士元 Process and device for preparing gas by using carbonization decomposition of biomass
US20120055090A1 (en) * 2007-10-09 2012-03-08 Rentech, Inc. Systems and methods for oxidation of synthesis gas tar
CN102021042A (en) * 2009-09-21 2011-04-20 新奥科技发展有限公司 Purification method of dry distillation gas
CN102908841A (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-02-06 哈尔滨瑞格能源环境技术发展有限责任公司 Method and device for dedusting and purifying low-temperature dry-distilled gas
CN203440329U (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-02-19 陕西煤业化工技术研究院有限责任公司 Catalytic cracking and dust removal integration system for medium-and-low-temperature dry distillation gas
CN104097958A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-15 天津多乐鹏科技有限公司 Novel automatic screw feeding device
CN104449795A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-03-25 冯强 Special oil-sludge cracking device and oil-sludge cracking process

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106621616A (en) * 2015-07-16 2017-05-10 江苏中科睿赛污染控制工程有限公司 Gas dust removing apparatus, dust removing method, and uses thereof
CN106621616B (en) * 2015-07-16 2020-12-29 江苏中科睿赛污染控制工程有限公司 Gas dust removal device and dust removal method and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20150715

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication