CN104772909B - A kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing intervalve and the manufacture method of intervalve - Google Patents

A kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing intervalve and the manufacture method of intervalve Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104772909B
CN104772909B CN201510231385.7A CN201510231385A CN104772909B CN 104772909 B CN104772909 B CN 104772909B CN 201510231385 A CN201510231385 A CN 201510231385A CN 104772909 B CN104772909 B CN 104772909B
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mould
main
mould cylinder
cylinder
intervalve
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CN104772909A (en
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黄河
王虎
谢绍祥
盛超
李再轲
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Zhuzhou Times New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Zhuzhou Times New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing intervalve, including with the main mould cylinder of main shaft and the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows, main mould cylinder includes main mould cylinder one, main mould circular cone stage body one, main mould circular cone stage body two and main mould cylinder two;The secondary mould cylinder of hollow includes the secondary mould cylinder one of hollow, the secondary mould circular cone stage body of hollow and secondary mould cylinder two, circular end cap and the pipe of hollow;The secondary mould cylinder of two hollows is respectively from the two ends being sleeved on main mould cylinder that the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder can be removably mounted, the two ends of end cap and pipe and main shaft that the two ends of main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders expose to the pipe of two secondary mould cylinders, thus form the station of two winding intervalves.Energy one-shot forming two pieces intervalve finished product of the present invention, improves production efficiency and its energy conservation, reduces production cost.

Description

A kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing intervalve and the manufacture method of intervalve
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of core for manufacturing shaft coupling intervalve and utilize this core to carry out the method manufactured, Particularly relate to a kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing intervalve and the manufacture method of intervalve.
Background technology
Wind-powered electricity generation shaft coupling is the vitals of wind power generating set, and its effect is to connect gear-box and electromotor, its knot Structure is mainly made up of with several parts such as expansion sleeves intervalve, ring flange, torque limiter.Mostly traditional intervalve is alloy steel products Matter, but owing to electrical insulation capability is poor, effectiveness in vibration suppression is the best and is gradually eliminated, fibre reinforced composites intervalve then becomes Development trend.
During as it is shown in figure 1, install, the two ends of fibre reinforced composites intervalve 1 are both needed to be joined by bonding with ring flange 2 Close, therefore, the inner surface at fibre reinforced composites intervalve 1 two ends is all provided with being set to taper seat, and intervalve two ends inner circle Middle part between the conical surface 3 is still left inner cylinder face 4.When bonding, by the internal conical surface 3 at intervalve two ends and setting The mutually bonding cooperation of circular cone shape projection on ring flange 2 side, employing two ends have the intervalve of internal conical surface can be the most anti- Only end stress concentration phenomenon when fibre reinforced composites and metal adhesive, is conducive to controlling bonding thickness, substantially increases The torsional strength of product.
As in figure 2 it is shown, existing fibre reinforced composites intervalve is to use winding, molding method to carry out during fabrication Molding manufactures.First, install a mold in numerical control winding machine, utilize the chuck 5 of numerical control winding machine one end by the master of mould Axle 6 one end is blocked, and utilizes numerical control winding machine other end of addendum cone parts 7 main shaft 6 other end of mould to be withstood, thus will Mould is fixedly installed in numerical control winding machine;Then restart numerical control winding machine, utilize chuck 5 and the addendum cone portion of numerical control winding machine Part 7 driven mold line centered by its main-shaft axis rotates, then controls numerical control winding machine and be wound into by the yarn being impregnated with resin Carry out Wrapping formed on the mould of rotation.After being wound around, it is impregnated with the yarn of resin and can be formed on mould and be positioned at mould Middle intervalve 1 and the angle portion 8 being positioned at intervalve 1 two ends, the angle portion 8 at two ends is due to the winding side of numerical control winding machine Formula is formed, i.e. numerical control winding machine is will to be impregnated with the yarn other end from the one ends wound of mould to mould of resin, then Be wound around go back to again one end of mould from the other end of mould, the yarn being so impregnated with resin is the most past between the two ends of mould Multiple winding, just defines the angle portion 8 at two ends on mould.After mould wound and solidified, need the angle portion 8 at two ends Cut down, leave behind the intervalve 1 of centre.
But, utilize above-mentioned existing Wound Dies to be processed, once can only the intervalve of one finished product of molding, produce Efficiency is low;It addition, adding man-hour, an intervalve finished product just need to cut two angle portions, causes the waste of raw material, causes raw Produce high cost.
Authorization Notice No. is CN204054681U, and authorized announcement date is in December, 2014 Chinese utility model patent of 31 days Disclose a kind of core manufacturing shaft coupling intermediate tubular shaft, including quiet mould and dynamic model, quiet mould and dynamic model is dismountable is assembled in Rising, described quiet mould includes quiet mould cylinder, is positioned on the left of quiet mould cylinder quiet molding head integrated with quiet mould cylinder and fixing Being arranged on the quiet mold shaft in quiet molding head centre position, quiet mould cylinder is provided with cutting seam one with the junction of quiet molding head, described Dynamic model includes dynamic model cylinder, is positioned at dynamic model end socket integrated with dynamic model cylinder on the right side of dynamic model cylinder, and dynamic model cylinder is with described The junction of dynamic model end socket be provided with cutting seam two, described quiet mould and dynamic model are fitted together, quiet mold shaft runs through described Quiet mould and dynamic model, quiet mould cylinder and dynamic model cylinder assemble and form middle cylinder, and the inner surface of described middle cylinder is barrel surface, The two ends of the outer surface of described middle cylinder are taper seat, and the centre of described middle cylinder is barrel surface.
Between the core work in-process in above-mentioned patent documentation during pipe, the most also can only the intervalve of one finished product of molding, raw Product efficiency is low;It addition, adding man-hour, an intervalve finished product just need to cut two angle portions, causes the waste of raw material, causes Production cost is too high.
To sum up, a kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing the intervalve that two ends are internal conical surface and intervalve how are designed Manufacture method so that it is energy one-shot forming two pieces intervalve, improves production efficiency and its energy conservation, and it is anxious for reducing production cost Need to solve the technical problem that.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is for defect present in prior art, it is provided that a kind of manufacture intervalve Double Wound Dies and the manufacture method of intervalve, its can one-shot forming two pieces intervalve finished product, improve production efficiency And its energy conservation, reduce production cost.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of double manufacturing intervalve is wound around Mould, including with the main mould cylinder of main shaft and the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows, described main shaft is along the central axis of main mould cylinder The two ends at the two ends and described main shaft of running through main mould cylinder expose to the two ends of main mould cylinder, and described main mould cylinder includes main mould circle Cylinder one, main mould circular cone stage body one, main mould circular cone stage body two and main mould cylinder two, the little head end of described main mould circular cone stage body one Being arranged on one end of main mould cylinder one, the stub end of described main mould circular cone stage body one is arranged on the big of main mould circular cone stage body two On head end, the little head end of described main mould circular cone stage body two is arranged on one end of main mould cylinder two, and main shaft is along described main mould post The central axis of body sequentially passes through main mould cylinder one, main mould circular cone stage body one, main mould circular cone stage body two and main mould cylinder two;
The secondary mould cylinder of described hollow includes the secondary mould cylinder one of hollow, the secondary mould circular cone stage body of hollow and the pair of hollow Mould cylinder two, the stub end of described secondary mould circular cone stage body is arranged on one end of secondary mould cylinder one, the described secondary mould frustum of a cone The little head end of body is arranged on one end of secondary mould cylinder two, and the secondary mould cylinder of described hollow also includes circular end cap, institute The side stating end cap is arranged in the other end of secondary mould cylinder one, is additionally provided with hollow in the other side of described end cap Pipe;
The secondary mould cylinder of two hollows is sleeved on the two of main mould cylinder from what the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder can be removably mounted respectively On end, the two ends of end cap and pipe and main shaft that the two ends of described main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders expose to two The pipe of secondary mould cylinder, thus utilize the outer conical surface of the secondary mould circular cone stage body of a secondary mould cylinder and secondary mould cylinder two The outer conical surface of the main mould circular cone stage body one of external cylindrical surface and main mould cylinder constitutes the station of a winding intervalve, utilizes additionally The outer conical surface of the secondary mould circular cone stage body of one secondary mould cylinder and the external cylindrical surface of secondary mould cylinder two and the master of main mould cylinder The outer conical surface of mould circular cone stage body two constitutes another one and is wound around the station of intervalve.
Preferably, described main mould cylinder is hollow, and main shaft runs through the internal cavities of described main mould cylinder and described main shaft Two ends expose to the two ends of main mould cylinder, are disposed with multiple support on the main shaft of internal cavities being positioned at main mould cylinder Ring, the inner circle of described support ring contacts with main shaft, and the cylindrical of described support ring contacts with the internal cavities face of main mould cylinder.
Preferably, the main shaft of the described pipe exposing to two secondary mould cylinders all has main shaft demoulding hole, described Secondary moulding/demoulding hole it is provided with on the pipe of secondary mould cylinder.
Preferably, it is respectively provided with in the other end of described main mould cylinder one and in the other end of main mould cylinder two There is screwed hole, the end cap of secondary mould cylinder is provided with tapped through hole;When the two ends of described main shaft extend through two hollows After the secondary end cap of mould cylinder and the two ends of pipe and main shaft expose to the pipe of two secondary mould cylinders, passed by connecting bolt one Tapped through hole on one secondary mould cylinder end cap is screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder one other end and by even Connecting bolt two is screwed into the spiral shell in main mould cylinder two other end through the tapped through hole on another one pair mould cylinder end cap It is set with in pit thus by the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows on the two ends being fixed on main mould cylinder.
Preferably, also set up between the stub end and the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body two of described main mould circular cone stage body one There is a main mould cylinder three.
Preferably, the external cylindrical surface of described main mould cylinder three is additionally provided with annular groove.
Preferably, on the external cylindrical surface of one end of described main mould cylinder one and near the microcephaly of main mould circular cone stage body one The position of end and on the external cylindrical surface of one end of described main mould cylinder two and near the little head end of main mould circular cone stage body two Position be provided with stage portion, the other end of inner cylinder face of the secondary mould cylinder two of two secondary mould cylinders is respectively provided with There is the step-like groove matched with described stage portion, when the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows is sleeved on the two ends of main mould cylinder, Stage portion on one end of described main mould cylinder one and the stage portion on one end of main mould cylinder two respectively with two secondary moulds Step-like groove on the secondary other end of inner cylinder face of mould cylinder one of cylinder matches contact.
Invention additionally discloses the manufacture method of a kind of intervalve, it is to utilize according to double Wound Dies as above Carry out intervalve manufacture, comprise the following steps:
A, the suit that the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows can be removably mounted from the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder respectively is fixed on main mould On the two ends of cylinder, the two ends of end cap and pipe and main shaft that the two ends of main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders expose to The pipe of two secondary mould cylinders;
In b, the double Wound Dies integral installation installed by set to numerical control winding machine, utilize numerical control winding machine one end Main shaft one end of main mould cylinder is blocked by chuck, utilizes numerical control winding machine other end of addendum cone parts by the main shaft of main mould cylinder Other end is withstood;
C, get out resin, yarn, numerical control winding machine recalls the winding program woven, start numerical control and be wound around Machine so that the yarn being impregnated with resin is wound angle portion on double Wound Dies by numerical control winding machine the most successively One, intervalve one, intervalve two and angle portion two;
After d, winding, keep double Wound Dies to rotate to resin gel, be then shut off numerical control winding machine, will twine Double Wound Dies entirety around the yarn being impregnated with resin is sent into curing oven and is solidified;
After e, solidification, by double Wound Dies integral installation complete for solidification to lathe, utilize lathe that it is outer straight Footpath is machined to the outer diameter dimension of required intervalve, is then being positioned at the middle part the most main mould circular cone stage body one of main mould cylinder The stub end touching position of stub end and main mould circular cone stage body two radially cuts until one end of intervalve one and intervalve two One end separate, the stub end of secondary mould cylinder in being positioned at a secondary mould cylinder one and secondary mould circular cone stage body contacts Place radially cuts so that the other end of intervalve one is separated with angle portion one, is being positioned at another one pair mould cylinder In secondary mould cylinder one and the stub end touching position of secondary mould circular cone stage body radially cut so that other the one of intervalve two End is separated with angle portion two;
F, the double Wound Dies of completion of processing is taken out from lathe, it is carried out the demoulding, by intervalve one and in Between pipe two take out.
Preferably, between the stub end and the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body two of main mould circular cone stage body one, it is additionally provided with one Individual main mould cylinder three;
After control numerical control winding machine is wound in described step c, the yarn being impregnated with resin can be made at main mould post Angle portion one, intervalve one, transition processing district, intervalve two and angle portion it is wound the most successively on body and secondary mould cylinder Two;
The yarn being impregnated with resin is cut the one end so that intervalve one and intervalve two by described step e When one end is separated, it is to carry out cutting so that one end of intervalve one and intervalve two being positioned at transition processing district One end is separated.
Preferably, the main shaft of the described pipe exposing to two secondary mould cylinders all has main shaft demoulding hole, described Secondary moulding/demoulding hole it is provided with on the pipe of secondary mould cylinder;
It is provided with screw thread in the other end of described main mould cylinder one and in the other end of main mould cylinder two Hole, is provided with tapped through hole on the end cap of secondary mould cylinder;When the two ends of described main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould posts After the two ends of the end cap of body and pipe and main shaft expose to the pipe of two secondary mould cylinders, by connecting bolt one through a pair Tapped through hole on mould cylinder end cap is screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder one other end and passes through connecting bolt Two are screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder two other end through the tapped through hole on another one pair mould cylinder end cap Thus the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows is set with on the two ends being fixed on main mould cylinder;
Described f step carries out the step of the demoulding such as to the double Wound Dies being wrapped the yarn being impregnated with resin Under:
1), back-out connecting bolt one and connecting bolt two, first angle portion one and angle portion two are taken off, demoulding axle one are worn Cross in a main shaft demoulding hole of main shaft, main mould cylinder is fixed in the horizontal direction, demoulding axle two is inserted a secondary mould cylinder Pipe on secondary demoulding hole in, drag secondary mould cylinder vertically and pair mould cylinder taken out from main mould cylinder, then by one Between manage and take out vertically;
2), take out demoulding axle one, then demoulding axle one is inserted in the another one main shaft demoulding hole of main shaft, by main mould cylinder Fix in the horizontal direction, demoulding axle two is inserted in the secondary demoulding hole on the pipe of another one pair mould cylinder, vertically Drag another one pair mould cylinder to be taken out from main mould cylinder by another one pair mould cylinder, then by another one intervalve along axle To taking-up.
The invention have the benefit that the present invention can be by being once wound around processing molding two pieces end simultaneously with female cone The shaft coupling intervalve in face, improves production efficiency;When the demoulding is cut, as long as the present invention cuts lower two angle portions, raw material Waste rate reduces half, is greatly saved raw material, reduces production cost;During it addition, the present invention carries out the demoulding, operation letter Single, convenient and swift, greatly improve production efficiency;Make to be impregnated with the yarn of resin at mould by arranging main mould cylinder three It is wound transition processing district on tool, it is ensured that the quality of intervalve and the dimensional accuracy of intervalve, reduces percent defective;Transition Processing district also reduces operation easier during cutting, further increases production efficiency;It is arranged on the cylindrical of main mould cylinder three Annular groove on cylinder so that do not contact with main mould cylinder during cutter cutting, thus improve the mold use life-span.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the shaft coupling intervalve axial sectional structure schematic diagram when being connected with ring flange;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram after existing mould is wound by numerical control winding machine;
Fig. 3 is the sectional structure schematic diagram vertically of the main mould cylinder in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 4 is the sectional structure schematic diagram vertically of the secondary mould cylinder in the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 5 is the knot of section view vertically after the main mould cylinder in the embodiment of the present invention 1 connects with secondary mould cylinder suit Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the axial sectional structure schematic diagram after the embodiment of the present invention 1 is wound by numerical control winding machine;
Fig. 7 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of line A-A along Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is to be positioned at main mould circular cone stage body one stub end of main mould cylinder and main mould circular cone stage body in the embodiment of the present invention 2 Axial broken section structural representation at two stub ends;
Fig. 9 is the main mould circular cone stage body one being positioned at main mould cylinder after the embodiment of the present invention 2 is wound around by numerical control winding machine Axial broken section structural representation at stub end and main mould circular cone stage body two stub end;
Figure 10 is the knot of section view vertically after the main mould cylinder in the embodiment of the present invention 3 connects with secondary mould cylinder suit Structure schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is to be positioned at the partial structurtes schematic diagram at stage portion in Figure 10;
In figure: 1. intervalve, 111. intervalves one, 112. intervalve two, 2. ring flange, 3. internal conical surfaces, 4. in The face of cylinder, 5. chuck, 6. main shaft, 7. addendum cone parts, 8. angle portion, 811. angle portions one, 812. angle portions two, 9. Main mould cylinder, 911. main mould cylinders one, 912. main mould circular cone stage bodies one, 913. main mould circular cone stage bodies two, 914. main moulds Cylinder two, 915. main mould cylinders three, 10. secondary mould cylinder, 101. secondary mould cylinders one, 102. secondary mould circular cone stage bodies, 103. secondary mould cylinders two, 104. end caps, 105. pipes, 11. positioning spigot portions, 12. support rings, 13. through holes, 14. Main shaft demoulding hole, 15. secondary moulding/demoulding holes, 16. screwed holes, 17. tapped through holes, 18. connecting bolts one, 19. connecting bolts Two, 20. transition processing districts, 21. annular grooves, 22. stage portion.
Detailed description of the invention
With specific embodiment technical scheme done further details of elaboration below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figures 3 to 5, a kind of double Wound Dies manufacturing intervalve, including with main shaft 6 Main mould cylinder 9 and the secondary mould cylinder 10 of two hollows, described main shaft 6 runs through main mould cylinder 9 along the central axis of main mould cylinder 9 The two ends of two ends and described main shaft 6 expose to the two ends of main mould cylinder 9, described main mould cylinder 9 include main mould cylinder 1, Main mould circular cone stage body 1, main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 and main mould cylinder 2 914, described main mould circular cone stage body 1 Little head end is arranged on one end of main mould cylinder 1, and the stub end of described main mould circular cone stage body 1 is arranged on main mould circle On the stub end of cone table 2 913, the little head end of described main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 is arranged on the one of main mould cylinder 2 914 On end, described main mould cylinder 1, main mould circular cone stage body 1, main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 and main mould cylinder 2 914 Being integrative-structure, main shaft 6 sequentially passes through main mould cylinder 1, main mould circular cone stage body along the central axis of described main mould cylinder One 912, main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 and main mould cylinder 2 914;
The secondary mould cylinder 10 of described hollow includes secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 and of the secondary mould cylinder 1 of hollow, hollow The secondary mould cylinder 2 103 of hollow, the stub end of described secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 is arranged on one end of secondary mould cylinder 1 On, the little head end of described secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 is arranged on one end of secondary mould cylinder 2 103, described secondary mould cylinder one 101, secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 and secondary mould cylinder 2 103 are integrative-structures, and the secondary mould cylinder 10 of described hollow also includes annulus The end cap 104 of shape, the side of described end cap 104 is arranged in the other end of secondary mould cylinder 1, at described end cap 104 Other side on be additionally provided with the pipe 105 of hollow, described end cap 104 and pipe 105 are structure as a whole;
Double Wound Dies can form two stations, and it is in internal conical surface that each station correspondence processes two ends Between manage.When double Wound Dies assembles, the secondary mould cylinder 10 of two hollows can be removably mounted from the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder 9 respectively The two ends being sleeved on main mould cylinder 9 on, the two ends of described main shaft 6 extend through end cap 104 He of two hollow pair mould cylinders The two ends of pipe 105 and main shaft 6 expose to the pipe 105 of two secondary mould cylinders, thus utilize the secondary mould circle of a secondary mould cylinder The outer conical surface of cone table 102 and the external cylindrical surface of secondary mould cylinder 2 103 and the main mould circular cone stage body 1 of main mould cylinder Outer conical surface constitute a winding intervalve station, utilize outside the secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 of another one pair mould cylinder The outer conical surface structure of the main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 of taper seat and the external cylindrical surface of secondary mould cylinder 2 103 and main mould cylinder Another one is become to be wound around the station of intervalve.The main mould cylinder 1 of main mould cylinder and main mould circular cone stage body 1 are with main The main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 of mould cylinder and main mould cylinder 2 914 be the stub end about main mould circular cone stage body 1 and The sagittal plane of the stub end touching position of main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 is symmetrically arranged.The overall diameter of main mould cylinder 1 is little In the diameter of the little end surface of main mould circular cone stage body 1, so that one end of winner's mould cylinder 1 and the main mould frustum of a cone The little head end touching position of body 1 forms a positioning spigot portion 11, and same, the overall diameter of main mould cylinder 2 914 is little In the diameter of the little end surface of main mould circular cone stage body 2 913, so that one end of winner's mould cylinder 2 914 and the main mould frustum of a cone The little head end touching position of body 2 913 also forms a positioning spigot portion 11, and being disposed to of above-mentioned positioning spigot portion ought When secondary mould cylinder is sleeved on main mould cylinder two ends, by other end and the positioning spigot portion of the secondary mould cylinder two of secondary mould cylinder Contact thus realize the location of secondary mould cylinder.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 6, uniformly plate one layer of chromium at main mould cylinder 9, secondary mould cylinder 10 outer surface, so can subtract Little knockout press to make to process intervalve inner surface smooth.When above-mentioned double Wound Dies has been wound around by numerical control winding machine Bi Hou, can form angle portion 1 and angle portion two on the external cylindrical surface of the secondary mould cylinder 1 of two secondary mould cylinders 812, in the outer conical surface of the secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 of a secondary mould cylinder formed intervalve 1 one end with interior The end of taper seat, the external cylindrical surface of the secondary mould cylinder 2 103 of above-mentioned secondary mould cylinder is formed intervalve 1 with The pars intermedia of inner cylinder face, forms the another of intervalve 1 in the outer conical surface of the main mould circular cone stage body 1 of main mould cylinder The end with internal conical surface of outer one end, same, at the outer cone of the secondary mould circular cone stage body 102 of another one pair mould cylinder The end with internal conical surface of one end of intervalve 2 112 is formed, at the secondary mould cylinder 2 103 of above-mentioned secondary mould cylinder on face External cylindrical surface on formed intervalve 2 112 the pars intermedia with inner cylinder face, at the main mould circular cone stage body two of main mould cylinder The other end of end with internal conical surface of intervalve 2 112 is formed in the outer conical surface of 913, thus by being once wound around Process molding simultaneously intervalve 1 and intervalve 2 112 two pieces intervalve, improve production efficiency.It addition, be originally defined Two pieces intervalve needs to cut lower four angle portions, as long as and the present embodiment formed two pieces intervalve cut lower two corner, Wastage of material rate reduces half, is greatly saved raw material, reduces production cost.When the present embodiment carries out the demoulding, it it is edge The stub end of main mould circular cone stage body 1 and the stub end touching position radial cuts of main mould circular cone stage body 1, i.e. along Fig. 6 In the cutting of B line segment so that intervalve 1 and intervalve 2 112 are separated, and the cutting separation of two angle portions are taken off Come, a more secondary mould cylinder 10 is taken off from main mould cylinder 9, an intervalve is taken off, then by another one pair mould post Body 10 is taken off from main mould cylinder 9, is taken off by another one intervalve;When the present embodiment carries out the demoulding, simple to operate, convenient Fast, working (machining) efficiency is greatly improved.
As shown in Fig. 3 to Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, described main mould cylinder 9 is hollow, and main shaft 6 runs through the inside of described main mould cylinder 9 The two ends of cavity and described main shaft 6 expose to the two ends of main mould cylinder 9, on the main shaft 6 of internal cavities being positioned at main mould cylinder Being welded with multiple support ring 12 successively, the inner circle of described support ring 12 contacts with main shaft 6 phase, the cylindrical of described support ring 12 Weld mutually with the internal cavities face of main mould cylinder 9 and contact.In the present embodiment, four support rings 12 it are provided with altogether.Main mould cylinder Being set to hollow is to prevent die deformation to alleviate the overall weight of mould, and arranging support ring is to rise to the main mould cylinder of hollow To the effect of a support reinforcing, prevent the deformation of main mould cylinder to affect the axiality of the intervalve axis processed.
Having multiple through hole 13 in described support ring 12, through hole is lightening hole, further mitigates by arranging through hole The overall weight of mould.
The main shaft 6 of the described pipe exposing to two secondary mould cylinders all has main shaft demoulding hole 14, at described secondary mould Secondary moulding/demoulding hole 15 it is provided with on the pipe 105 of cylinder.When carrying out the demoulding, the demoulding axle such as barred body or screw rod can be inserted main shaft In demoulding hole 14, main mould cylinder 9 is fixed, then the demoulding axles such as other barred body or screw rod are inserted secondary moulding/demoulding hole 15 along axle To dragging secondary mould cylinder 10, pair mould cylinder 10 is taken out from main mould cylinder 9, so makes the present embodiment carry out during the demoulding more square Just quick, further increase production efficiency.
It is respectively provided with in the other end of described main mould cylinder 1 and in the other end of main mould cylinder 2 914 There is screwed hole 16, the end cap 104 of secondary mould cylinder is provided with tapped through hole 17;When the two ends of described main shaft 6 extend through After the secondary mould cylinder 10 of two hollows and the two ends of main shaft 6 expose to the pipe 105 of two secondary mould cylinders, by connecting bolt one 18 are screwed in the screwed hole 16 in main mould cylinder one other end through the tapped through hole 17 on a secondary mould cylinder end cap And it is screwed into main mould cylinder two by connecting bolt 2 19 through the tapped through hole 17 on another one pair mould cylinder end cap The two ends being fixed on main mould cylinder 9 it are set with in screwed hole 16 in other end thus by the secondary mould cylinder 10 of two hollows On.When carrying out the demoulding of secondary mould cylinder, as long as connecting bolt one and connecting bolt two are taken off, more secondary mould cylinder is taken off Mould.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, invention additionally discloses the manufacture method of a kind of intervalve, it is to utilize according to as mentioned above Double Wound Dies carry out intervalve manufacture, comprise the following steps:
A, the suit that the secondary mould cylinder 10 of two hollows can be removably mounted from the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder 9 respectively is fixed on master On the two ends of mould cylinder 9, the two ends of main shaft 6 extend through the end cap 104 of two hollow pair mould cylinders and pipe 105 and main shaft 6 Two ends expose to the pipe 105 of two secondary mould cylinders;
In b, the double Wound Dies integral installation installed by set to numerical control winding machine, utilize numerical control winding machine one end Main shaft one end of main mould cylinder is blocked by chuck, utilizes numerical control winding machine other end of addendum cone parts by the main shaft of main mould cylinder Other end is withstood;
C, get out resin, yarn, numerical control winding machine recalls the winding program woven, start numerical control and be wound around Machine so that the yarn being impregnated with resin is wound angle portion on double Wound Dies by numerical control winding machine the most successively One 811, intervalve 1, intervalve 2 112 and angle portion 2 812;
After d, winding, keep double Wound Dies to rotate to resin gel, be then shut off numerical control winding machine, will twine Double Wound Dies entirety around the yarn being impregnated with resin is sent into curing oven and is solidified;
After e, solidification, by double Wound Dies integral installation complete for solidification to lathe, utilize lathe that it is outer straight Footpath is machined to the outer diameter dimension of required intervalve, is then being positioned at the middle part the most main mould circular cone stage body one of main mould cylinder The stub end touching position of stub end and main mould circular cone stage body two radially cuts (i.e. B line along Fig. 6) until intervalve one One end of 111 and one end of intervalve 2 112 are separated, the secondary mould cylinder one in being positioned at a secondary mould cylinder and secondary mould The stub end touching position of circular cone stage body radially cuts (i.e. C line along Fig. 6) so that the other end of intervalve 1 Separate with angle portion 1, the secondary mould cylinder one in being positioned at another one pair mould cylinder and secondary mould circular cone stage body Stub end touching position radially cuts (i.e. C line along Fig. 6) so that the other end of intervalve 2 112 and angle portion two 812 separate;
F, the double Wound Dies of completion of processing is taken out from lathe, it is carried out the demoulding, by intervalve 1 He Intervalve 2 112 takes out.
When secondary mould cylinder 10 suit of two hollows is fixed on the two ends of main mould cylinder 9 by described a step, it is first The two ends of end cap and pipe and main shaft that the two ends of main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders expose to two secondary mould posts After the pipe of body, it is screwed into main mould cylinder one by connecting bolt 1 through the tapped through hole on a secondary mould cylinder end cap Through the tapped through hole on another one pair mould cylinder end cap in screwed hole in other end and by connecting bolt 2 19 It is screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder two other end thus the secondary mould cylinder 10 of two hollows is set with fixing On the two ends of main mould cylinder 9.
Described f step carries out the demoulding to the main mould cylinder and secondary mould cylinder being wrapped the yarn being impregnated with resin permissible Ingot stripper completes.
Described f step carries out the step of the demoulding such as to the double Wound Dies being wrapped the yarn being impregnated with resin Under:
1), back-out connecting bolt 1 and connecting bolt 2 19, first angle portion 1 and angle portion 2 812 are taken off, will Demoulding axle one (in the present embodiment, is inserted in a main shaft demoulding hole 14 of main shaft by demoulding axle one (not shown) In the main shaft demoulding hole in angle portion one), main mould cylinder 9 is fixed in the horizontal direction, demoulding axle two (is not shown in figure Go out) insert in the secondary demoulding hole 15 on the pipe of a secondary mould cylinder and (in the present embodiment, demoulding axle two is inserted near angle Portion and secondary demoulding hole in), dragging secondary mould cylinder vertically takes out pair mould cylinder 10 from main mould cylinder 9, then by intervalve 2 112 take out vertically;
2), take out demoulding axle one, then demoulding axle one is inserted in the another one main shaft demoulding hole 14 of main shaft, by main mould post Body 9 is fixed in the horizontal direction, is inserted by demoulding axle two in the secondary demoulding hole 15 on the pipe of another one pair mould cylinder, edge Axially drag another one pair mould cylinder 10 to be taken out from main mould cylinder 9 by another one pair mould cylinder 10, then by intervalve one 111 take out vertically.
In above-mentioned steps, it is also possible to first taken out by intervalve one, further take out intervalve two.
Embodiment 2: as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, compared with Example 1, difference is: at described main mould circular cone stage body It is additionally provided with a main mould cylinder 3 915 between stub end and the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 of 1, the most main One end of mould cylinder 3 915 is arranged on the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body 1, described main mould cylinder 3 915 another Outer one end is arranged on the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body 2 913, described main mould cylinder 3 915 and main mould cylinder 1, Main mould circular cone stage body 1, main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 and main mould cylinder 2 914 are integrative-structures.When radially cutting When making intervalve one and intervalve two separate, owing to there is cutting error, influence whether intervalve crudy and The accurate to dimension of intervalve, when arranging main mould cylinder 3 915 primarily to yarn is wound around, at main mould cylinder three The transition processing district 20 of one section of intervalve, i.e. region between phantom line segments E, F in Fig. 9, cutting is formed on the external cylindrical surface of 915 Time, as long as it is the most permissible, then to make intervalve 1 and intervalve 2 112 separate in transition processing district 20 internal cutting After taking off intervalve 1 and intervalve 2 112, then to being processed further herein until forming the intervalve of finished product, this Sample ensure that the crudy of intervalve and the accurate to dimension of intervalve, reduces percent defective;During it addition, reduce cutting Operation easier.
The external cylindrical surface of described main mould cylinder 3 915 is additionally provided with annular groove 21.In cutter cutting makes Between pipe 1 and intervalve 2 112 when separating, if controlling bad, main mould cylinder can be cut to, to main mould cylinder always Cause damage, reduce the mold use life-span, cutter when the present embodiment is contemplated to dodge cutting by arranging annular groove Tool so that do not contact with main mould cylinder, from improve the mold use life-span during cutter cutting.
The present embodiment is carried out the method for intervalve manufacture different from the method carrying out intervalve manufacture in embodiment 1 it Place is:
After control numerical control winding machine is wound in described step c, the yarn being impregnated with resin can be made at double Angle portion 1, intervalve 1, transition processing district 20, intervalve 2 112 it is wound the most successively on Wound Dies With angle portion 2 812;
The one end in described step e, yarn cutting the one end so that intervalve 1 and intervalve 2 112 is divided When leaving, it is to carry out cutting so that one end of intervalve 1 and intervalve 2 112 being positioned at transition processing district 20 One end separate.
Embodiment 3: as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, compared with Example 1, difference is: at described main mould cylinder On the external cylindrical surface of one end of one 911 and near main mould circular cone stage body 1 little head end position and described main mould circle It is provided with step on the external cylindrical surface of one end of cylinder 2 914 and near the position of the little head end of main mould circular cone stage body 2 913 Portion 22, i.e. stage portion are arranged in foregoing positioning spigot portion, secondary mould cylinder 2 103 another of two secondary mould cylinders The step-like groove matched with described stage portion 22 it is provided with, when the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows on the inner cylinder face of outer one end Time on 10 two ends being sleeved on main mould cylinder 9, the stage portion 22 on one end of described main mould cylinder one and main mould cylinder two One end on stage portion 22 respectively with the platform on the secondary other end of inner cylinder face of mould cylinder 2 103 of two secondary mould cylinders Scalariform groove matches contact.So so that main mould cylinder is connected the tightst, firm with secondary mould cylinder, further ensures and adds The crudy of work intervalve out and machining accuracy.
In sum, the present invention can be by being once wound around processing molding two pieces end simultaneously with the shaft coupling of internal conical surface Intervalve, improves production efficiency;When the demoulding is cut, as long as the present invention cuts lower two angle portions, wastage of material rate reduces Half, is greatly saved raw material, reduces production cost;During it addition, the present invention carries out the demoulding, simple to operate, convenient fast Victory, greatly improves production efficiency;Make to be impregnated with the yarn of resin be wound around on mould by arranging main mould cylinder three Form transition processing district, it is ensured that the quality of intervalve and the dimensional accuracy of intervalve, reduce percent defective;Transition processing district is also Reduce operation easier during cutting, further increase production efficiency;It is arranged on the external cylindrical surface of main mould cylinder three Annular groove so that do not contact with main mould cylinder during cutter cutting, thus improve the mold use life-span.
Above example is used for illustrative purposes only, rather than limitation of the present invention, about the technology people of technical field Member, under without departing from the situation of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it is also possible to make various conversion or change, the most all equivalents Technical scheme also should belong to protection scope of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be limited by each claim.

Claims (10)

1. manufacture a double Wound Dies for intervalve, including with the main mould cylinder of main shaft and the secondary mould post of two hollows Body, described main shaft exposes to main mould post along the two ends at two ends and described main shaft that the central axis of main mould cylinder runs through main mould cylinder The two ends of body, it is characterised in that: described main mould cylinder includes main mould cylinder one, main mould circular cone stage body one, main mould circular cone stage body Two and main mould cylinder two, the little head end of described main mould circular cone stage body one is arranged on one end of main mould cylinder one, described master The stub end of mould circular cone stage body one is arranged on the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body two, the little head end of described main mould circular cone stage body two Be arranged on one end of main mould cylinder two, main shaft along the central axis of described main mould cylinder sequentially pass through main mould cylinder one, Main mould circular cone stage body one, main mould circular cone stage body two and main mould cylinder two;
The secondary mould cylinder of described hollow includes the secondary mould circle of the secondary mould cylinder one of hollow, the secondary mould circular cone stage body of hollow and hollow Cylinder two, the stub end of described secondary mould circular cone stage body is arranged on one end of secondary mould cylinder one, described secondary mould circular cone stage body Little head end is arranged on one end of secondary mould cylinder two, and the secondary mould cylinder of described hollow also includes circular end cap, described end The side of lid is arranged in the other end of secondary mould cylinder one, is additionally provided with the circle of hollow in the other side of described end cap Pipe;
The secondary mould cylinder of two hollows respectively from the two ends being sleeved on main mould cylinder that the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder can be removably mounted, The two ends of end cap and pipe and main shaft that the two ends of described main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders expose to two secondary moulds The pipe of cylinder, thus utilize outer conical surface and the cylindrical of secondary mould cylinder two of the secondary mould circular cone stage body of a secondary mould cylinder The outer conical surface of the main mould circular cone stage body one of cylinder and main mould cylinder constitutes the station of a winding intervalve, utilizes another one The outer conical surface of the secondary mould circular cone stage body of secondary mould cylinder and the main mould circle of the external cylindrical surface of secondary mould cylinder two and main mould cylinder The outer conical surface of cone table two constitutes another one and is wound around the station of intervalve.
Double Wound Dies the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described main mould cylinder is hollow, and main shaft passes through Wear the described internal cavities of main mould cylinder and the two ends of described main shaft expose to the two ends of main mould cylinder, be positioned at main mould cylinder Being disposed with multiple support ring on the main shaft of internal cavities, the inner circle of described support ring contacts with main shaft, described support ring Cylindrical contact with the internal cavities face of main mould cylinder.
Double Wound Dies the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: expose to two secondary mould cylinders described All have main shaft demoulding hole on the main shaft of pipe, the pipe of described secondary mould cylinder is provided with secondary moulding/demoulding hole.
Double Wound Dies the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: at other the one of described main mould cylinder one It is provided with screwed hole on end and in the other end of main mould cylinder two, the end cap of secondary mould cylinder is provided with screw thread and leads to Hole;The two ends of the end cap and pipe and main shaft that extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders when the two ends of described main shaft expose to two After the pipe of secondary mould cylinder, it is screwed into main mould cylinder by connecting bolt one through the tapped through hole on a secondary mould cylinder end cap Lead to through the screw thread on another one pair mould cylinder end cap in screwed hole in body one other end and by connecting bolt two Hole is screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder two other end thus is set with fixing by the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows On the two ends of main mould cylinder.
Double Wound Dies the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: at the major part of described main mould circular cone stage body one It is additionally provided with a main mould cylinder three between end and the stub end of main mould circular cone stage body two.
Double Wound Dies the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: in the outside cylinder of described main mould cylinder three Annular groove it is additionally provided with on face.
Double Wound Dies the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in one end of described main mould cylinder one On external cylindrical surface and near main mould circular cone stage body one little head end position and outside one end of described main mould cylinder two It is provided with stage portion, at the secondary mould of two secondary mould cylinders on the face of cylinder and near the position of the little head end of main mould circular cone stage body two The step-like groove matched with described stage portion it is provided with, when two hollows on the other end of inner cylinder face of cylinder two Secondary mould cylinder when being sleeved on the two ends of main mould cylinder, the stage portion on one end of described main mould cylinder one and main mould cylinder Stage portion on one end of body two respectively with the platform on the secondary other end of inner cylinder face of mould cylinder one of two secondary mould cylinders Scalariform groove matches contact.
8. the manufacture method of an intervalve, it is characterised in that: it is to utilize according to any one right in claim 1 to 7 Double Wound Dies described in requirement carries out intervalve manufacture, comprises the following steps:
A, the suit that the secondary mould cylinder of two hollows can be removably mounted from the direction of both ends of main mould cylinder respectively is fixed on main mould cylinder Two ends on, the two ends of end cap and pipe and main shaft that the two ends of main shaft extend through two hollow pair mould cylinders expose to two The pipe of secondary mould cylinder;
In b, the double Wound Dies integral installation installed by set to numerical control winding machine, utilize the chuck of numerical control winding machine one end Main shaft one end of main mould cylinder is blocked, utilizes numerical control winding machine other end of addendum cone parts by the main shaft of main mould cylinder additionally One end is withstood;
C, get out resin, yarn, numerical control winding machine recalls the winding program woven, start numerical control winding machine, make Numerical control winding machine the yarn being impregnated with resin is wound on double Wound Dies the most successively angle portion one, in Between pipe one, intervalve two and angle portion two;
After d, winding, keep double Wound Dies to rotate to resin gel, be then shut off numerical control winding machine, will be wrapped The double Wound Dies entirety of the yarn being impregnated with resin is sent into curing oven and is solidified;
After e, solidification, by double Wound Dies integral installation complete for solidification to lathe, lathe is utilized to be added by its overall diameter The outer diameter dimension of work extremely required intervalve, then at the major part of the middle part the most main mould circular cone stage body one being positioned at main mould cylinder End and the stub end touching position of main mould circular cone stage body two radially cut until one end of intervalve one and the one of intervalve two End is separated, the secondary mould cylinder one in being positioned at a secondary mould cylinder and the stub end touching position edge of secondary mould circular cone stage body Radial cuts so that the other end of intervalve one is separated with angle portion one, in being positioned at another one pair mould cylinder The stub end touching position of secondary mould cylinder one and secondary mould circular cone stage body radially cuts so that the other end of intervalve two with Angle portion two separates;
F, the double Wound Dies of completion of processing is taken out from lathe, it is carried out the demoulding, by intervalve one and intervalve Two take out.
Manufacture method the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: at stub end and the main mould circle of main mould circular cone stage body one A main mould cylinder three it is additionally provided with between the stub end of cone table two;
Described step c controls after numerical control winding machine is wound, the yarn being impregnated with resin can be made at main mould cylinder and Angle portion one, intervalve one, transition processing district, intervalve two and angle portion two it is wound the most successively on secondary mould cylinder;
The yarn being impregnated with resin is cut the one end so that intervalve one and one end of intervalve two by described step e When separating, it is to carry out cutting so that one end of intervalve one and one end of intervalve two being positioned at transition processing district Separate.
Manufacture method the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: at the described pipe exposing to two secondary mould cylinders Main shaft on all have main shaft demoulding hole, the pipe of described secondary mould cylinder is provided with secondary moulding/demoulding hole;
It is provided with screwed hole in the other end of described main mould cylinder one and in the other end of main mould cylinder two, It is provided with tapped through hole on the end cap of secondary mould cylinder;When the two ends of described main shaft extend through the end of two hollow pair mould cylinders After the two ends of lid and pipe and main shaft expose to the pipe of two secondary mould cylinders, by connecting bolt one through a secondary mould cylinder Tapped through hole on end cap is screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder one other end and is passed by connecting bolt two Tapped through hole on another one pair mould cylinder end cap is screwed in the screwed hole in main mould cylinder two other end thus will The secondary mould cylinder of two hollows is set with on the two ends being fixed on main mould cylinder;
The step that the double Wound Dies being wrapped the yarn being impregnated with resin carries out in described f step the demoulding is as follows:
1), back-out connecting bolt one and connecting bolt two, first angle portion one and angle portion two are taken off, by demoulding axle one through main In one main shaft demoulding hole of axle, main mould cylinder is fixed in the horizontal direction, demoulding axle two is inserted the circle of a secondary mould cylinder In secondary demoulding hole on pipe, drag secondary mould cylinder vertically and pair mould cylinder is taken out from main mould cylinder, then by an intervalve Take out vertically;
2), take out demoulding axle one, then demoulding axle one is inserted in the another one main shaft demoulding hole of main shaft, by main mould cylinder at water Square upwards fix, demoulding axle two is inserted in the secondary demoulding hole on the pipe of another one pair mould cylinder, drag vertically Another one pair mould cylinder is taken out from main mould cylinder by another one pair mould cylinder, then is taken vertically by another one intervalve Go out.
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CN105084118A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-11-25 济南玖源机电科技有限公司 Expanding mould die
CN112352748A (en) * 2017-02-28 2021-02-12 威海东澳渔具有限公司 Preparation method of fishing rod guide hole
CN108621447B (en) * 2018-05-14 2020-11-10 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 Forming device and method for large-size wound composite material ring
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